TRANSPIRATION

EVAPORATION

is defined as the sum of evapotranspiration and the percolation as well as other losses in the field. It is the amount of water used in producing crops.

Water is supplied to the plant in form of rain or irrigation water. Water moisture is then absorbed by the soil and by the plant then later released back to the atmosphere through the process of transpiration. Water gained and lost from the soil is due to the factors inherent and extraneous to the plants.

AGRICULTURE  Adequate, good quality water is essential for productive agriculture  Irrigation water requirements are seasonal and climate related.  Irrigation is now necessary in areas where rainfall was previously considered adequate

Water can be used to produce steam for electricity generation  Water can be used as coolant for electricity generation  Heated water can affect receiving bodies of water adversely or positively  Hydroelectric power generation requires damming of rivers

Domestic uses of water: 1. Drinking 2. Cooking 3. Sanitation 4. Lawn irrigation 5. Swimming pools 6. Cleaning 7. Fire fighting

While the efficiency of water use in manufacturing is increasing  Consumption of water in manufacturing will continue to increase in the future  Cost and availability are contributing factors in water use by manufacturing

Adequate quality water is essential in global ecosystems 1. Marshes 2. Wetlands 3. Coastal Estuarine areas  Goals of water use sectors mat conflict with natural systems

Adequate levels of water for lakes, rivers may be affected by water usage

Swimming, Boating , fishing , water skiing etc. are important recreational sports related to water availability

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