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3 ..D GE'OMETRIC ORIGAMI
M'O'DU.LAR PQ,LYHED:R,A
R'O',N',·\ 'GU,RKElfVIT',l
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B,ENNETT AR~ STEIl

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C!I<IfUIS How to Fold a J?.g Your 10.-ke:le:lon 27 2.e or 2aE. prelbn'i:tlt.mnU~llranlQnS and Facts ilb ut Polyhew'1! PIa lnni ol~d:!l Arc h imedean Solids .!§ to Try First E~Ua'LaIIbI~' Irn:·p-~~.!Pull!!. ~Q'r.Uds M~scenan.EqMa.~'1:ee.ke Hesagees How to' Fold a '•. ru-~1I[aJltd: C~bc T 31 .T"""inHexa~cH1S [¥I~nl T"\!(I·PieL~ Oeeahedron '. M.t.ke EqJui~alil:r:i1 Trhl.aJ1'lGJes bam a Squm:r..'s irnple CcmsU"t11 ci(j~.qnare ow Rect6lJlgle' it:.].~~~g T iWo\d'eif-..grams and D~re rions Def~I!1!~t:ion o~ ym.~I!e'x.e Eq~rn.huera~ Tri3!!1g:1e Ta: 'ella-Ilion ~alr'nub Culbe F~~l P~ut'm c Eq~mlatetal~! Tr~a.e:m..eo~J:ii o...~t1rl O:nm .b~cl:I['Qll1i Flin P nem HO'WlO P€'ll1lag.f'OlU..eri·a I 'IV hi~t Is a po~.a.g'On Telln:pbt~e HClw' to Use Ilhe Pemagon -~.15Ckg-rOUHd JI:ta.eml}]m.ngh!'s How 'to ~la_ke 20 Eq.ru .oi ~]JSII)'1 ·o.""11 Nlodels P:~r'l T.a:wy COtU''1:i!U:.~eld..ided l\1~:odt~We.b()b. iffearem:rul D 'IF.1..''1ese.)IIU.ol:1.ilo Three .Z5' Eq.ep] er ~P'.[.q.e~ ragon ~l'om a(~u:u-~ P.s Using the Uia.~e Hcsagons H'iJ'l!\!to !\il.Ilb nod~c!1l.~~dPoWyhedra: G[lI!llr1.Ocmh.~ .3'01 Trunca red Tenahed mn f~I.llil!lyPrecess Gll! ti!l.: Dill_gT@lm 'fJj Jfode. ~he Assem.3.gl.gOll_S Eight·.'e[]lt4il.tiio:~.uU.uil(IDle!ftlkl Triangle!.yhedrolrt .L!ila'lera~ Triangles from ~nWJ'iltl R!f!diillu.:Ul.~ct~o. r ru_u~e Cube' >f~'ID1"'dll!~d:ron Si .nsw ~Ilh.2: S! .Junal Tr-i.ng]e Tessellati !1 ('IJ!r ~l!i.8 !S 29 1 II' .'.s: '~rl:' WQ: Mtl'.

de hom .tem quare I'Ir'lodu~·elit 'n. i.: man Rhombi f Hexagon 1\I!odl!.FItI[ P rtern inub CMb nd -Jilu.(elilll' Dodecah dmn Flower 'laU ~ 3' ~o ~ ~.l 11 i ngl ~il.b UOOtf 11uc.taTN Rook" 0 ._ Tn.lInBe Laid '1U nan q'lldJau':raJ ri nglc .: 3 Flat Pattern Ircm Equilater» W 'Triang] Iessefla ion Flat Pau ern That ..nlal'fflal Finding M.m:odlllllf" One-Pie e equare Module Will W Dod '1 dron: :..'~' .. dll] .!upp.ng' lit r -alders A~JQIiJ [ ehe .de~s in th Ronk: Index by Polynedmlll Related Interest F~udj.~.nal~' n ~runrae d Hexadecahedron .s..rurOD FJ ~ Patterns £ .ys'['m Fl l ~:r.'emetl.oduJ fWI11 a H!!tu' n One-PI t1e' [\if.lh ...iliU.}! 34 ube tahedrrm !4 35 ~6 S7 37 3: l' One-Piece Triangle ..t\ud'lCU'.

'wb~~e the assemhl.i!lJgrams.~Qdeh. L Doh Ne1Jile. thewr models.[3~i.h ~s made [[rom i~8 Omll!:l·pil!fl['f' des. 'y~il o!!!oid :iJr:l. Th~m.ll.can " .mon. ~. be.~h:erlra~.thors OI'l.'ren~ n~lmbers.Il.[hlilgis a UlJflIt.ng crediaed iiIIS ~ 'Lh.\"fork of 3.Ul()Hep~~~ 0:1p.rl·dug of an elegam pUl4lle.n I~ . e of variou s sta.}! l~ogedllle:r bi.e ie t he p. ~ 1.. be mad~'ho:m di~l!1.7 and !H. "p!J!~llItli'" gruni~ origa:mi rus ~{j:t!~u-uci~edor.modul.and expl:ru1IJ~d later .11i!!:r m!ode~.~ .llleO'ul .u]ilir i! in difli.'''' 0\[' liWI~u'I'eliand w'odeb. ffiu'[~lf' (see pa~es. Two fC3i'l1l.ued on \~3r.'. tI~~. the ~~ld.ilfrld. Th~ :n~. the.Si ~ .ed jjJJl1E bal~kgto!Jnd m~neri3] and .Dnob '.cUill~'.p]l!Eri. .£ I~he.".atlu)em:pi~.OlIIT.!o~ h::kh w.r~ el In:his mlQdp. TlI! he~g:hl~Q.of lh ~sbook IllI\~'. ~'I)rm1l100ll!l~eS.~mo~ h p. ru~.!lLS~Ofllarn fII1(]d>fh. ergtue onl)1 in eNiceptio!1~l ~"Sla_!il es.ggfl~~' .g ~.yslCm:i.n.[IIJ'iLI~j ng OlVrf'r 50 three.cd tht' mOOtl].onMJ:UCit.~s .~Qt1S. f\hQ ~I:llidud.of s.[:RI.' 3..[(-11IwmmG the help o~ I~..i.~ol'l!Ee~o~ ILhi~[rue 111: ~!is Si.lp~r.m.e fiu.191S0$ .r. p The prn ess 10£m:llll.n.ifilf orig all11i gtt'lr.e'!lIJdebt of g1'~ti l ud.k iW rna 1:]. contains l Tb~:!i book mndul.iUed bl!1(~dernlilC'dfO:Il !i.i.!.j ~:5.ILI1.3.!!:re lor~g~l1I~are.i. Jak ·•ki:l~fn:a."i I. QF baS6.d. unusua! I( b!·rnu. of a given m:oou]e: ~I} the tI. The' synem modu:l~s huedo_'k and sm.le'.l[ i:!i. lWlifiMls ~lIiIllhee.I:li.~·hlg .:I1Jg modln) 3ir ol:.ig1illm.f'W awe USU1IlJU}" fo~dedl~deW':u::wUllny.. an .iI[pef The p ieees of IlIt~Ji[ make up on e m<l)o.l'.st p<lit~ s. i 'Lh_a~ Weth:ink 10. The modUlles aee for the mO.!.ode~lwe ~jDll!dmost in~ete$.rnl ~y . o€"poc~u!S"!' . .expbHla~~~II1.IlfhO"vIDoiBis~emh[~the .t thif~· :'Ul!'!:'·~ed d!lt'~i.ni::r!J!'itshOI~. ~01 ders ca Iii! select paper o~ Vaf~OU5 kif:lds and CQ~tDlf~[tornw hich IW . '1.h3.. pol..es.1il'(.~ ~tloo.lSI.l~ (WO dh'Cl~O~S as h-~Fl(yl to eeing "s.!: Amf:lrirnJll mgd~] in fJ:ri!fdmi tt·[~ui'!~'1l. ThelHJ. lik~' the wo. line rela ted fold ing Seqjuen[!es.[orr OOI.l...p.prmiluct Ibei~l.1CiIJI1. IU]Ui!: e~cm~nl.i.b. enUIUft3J te Ilhe I~O mur..di ~". lot~ i:flle:"l1mhu.~e h.:fcrrms.

.

Background Material .

of of ~dge': t!ldgt:'3 es: >equH~u!efalman 'Ie g 16 ~1 ~.'O'l I l rorner (lI. " Of No.\' tria [Ig~e 'm t ing ~uea h of :I!..~r"'rrr. made [rom ["'f~fU ' .wi dl fi.~. Thi " IN.:ple of r-egublllF polygon' m <Ide 'Up of three an Ii Iou r t'dg espeeti vel " A euln ' l" a !pO 1. L.lFId[he eth :Jl] 'hwf'l.KSq1lJ31f'S.i elated to ILhr cripmil'm'iooeL in ..1 I-t-'drn fI 1 I~·d to tih. da' TP curmeeted two . - No.m.JJIOnm polyhe:dm-:a are Ilhe til drolFl.~ers: No.O'l'ner: 3 . th si " 0. ea.ll cilDpl:~'.!i. <.e m deW :j[l thl' boo are the Platolllllcs. ICon iCIer lhe P'~ul~llni.esJiEanr!iiliar are 11...h Iaee bern rag <I . Tbe:r are live of them. The Pla Uln h::.tl atai all th mil f!. 6..o rhedron. Ardti·· ~ede1Jiln '.ttld~ ro'!.'11: m d-"up I Ia . he U:lUmh~drof!! b ~ade ~.L3I'ngl.h _ es: 12 c.lwpe t faus: No. alled edg .a $qU3.made from.sc named b calUS~ tll:J. 00 I mad-up of Win-' ~l'iIl-"'I. (Jf t!dg'J fu{'.rom ~lCIur'·~Ui]iII'If'r..I'o-dim~nsion.{:'!>mlt"t'ti~~g t... A p. i !book are pi mredand h des ibed in the .j.oh'gom. The ocrah dron i.Jl lengtb the poh'gon i~ aUed . In po.I pol thedrun ~ a Ih'!1~e-dimelll~!Oril. of or lar.!" at ~h . P'o.. Th lcoSBihedJiOIll _i. No: 0 0/ .n <I tim 1m e ir endpoints. d dedemb dron 3!IDld ~he ~ (t~~bedjmn.g: im~l :. .I~leliamtr. foHOih ing.!~ ariangles.:.m pol 'gomd f. of face': -'l I~QP~o'a Na.F(llni ND'. f~gurl:e • pila~o t427?-S~7 B_C).'"Qir.3.11£> dodeeahedron and the j.f'5f poJ)'hOOI1il are al . ill] tum.r( eoqlu. lie'!.l. liiqUIT fii1! es. Th rub i~ad . (If I~('~s. N a .. hi!'iihrOIl! Wmade from ]2 regtthii P tuagons widuhl1"f'e m IL:ing. ul polygolll. t\!. T11.IP'l.e-~1 were kno\1l.1.rom . When all abe ed es 01 the pol on iBLfi .yh Qroii\.<lir" dt equi.I~ il:a.a if' . th .eand a sqQl!ar~ re e~m. ~ll.l:'t'g~J.~ qumW~ueT~11 triangles.0 Ued regular IPO] hedra be use' [11'.~:ime' C" Hlustrations and Fa'ClS about Polyhedra NaTn : 1i~EtJhoo. ejg~l.equilateral lri HIm ..~'.ren "'. lh.al i~r iIll dt' up of S~df'5 called fa _ '.pg:l}'gtlill. he ded '.l' mrllIers.robe.di~e'l.tab o'f 20 cnme (veruces). the ..~s rl'h!:!d'l'rilg /\lin-He: I u.ll.dl t'. .11:1 en \'I' j.'r~ji": (.Kepl~r·Poi!l1· t and '(DIme misoeUan ou one. [be 0 tab~roll.

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01 J~c~~ tnel!1tiJ'olg' Mc.quare. !!~ mi/'Il't'il& iJIt each CiOrri'l'r: ~ .gon No: oj td-~s: 90 jll. RhgJl!IIMHbO .rf!S: :_0 h~~~-g()ll. ollaci!. .df~ Wl1tJ'o!ting at eGd~ (iQ:I".e Narrte: l nob'ubN. IM. 01 aCffS mf'er'i~jg iU t"tl I~corner: l square.us toPO. .1 U i. oj nn"I~I'j:: 00 No.3. fJJ·.i. oj edges muting ~t l'(lC"h .~ii.t'd os. oJ com. 01 C. 0 /(JCf!S "n.&" \. fa.u~.".n'~i:!I n h./l.p f)IIIJ'c~j'- I.' ~leU~tIJ~dlDl}d~cilthedr.:nub.r: 2 h~x3gon.tg' 41 ~lldl ('D:rru.lo.I'1": !l No.s: 1.2 ditOD a.hapr.~:l1ls: J2 ~r" 0'1 jo. I .r.: 32: . o'IIQ.l~ ('(U"J:H!:I': .d trian J\I'a:1ne:' I ifll~ . i Ltwan. oj.: 2:'~ No..at:Mch CCH'tli!f": ~.~Q'._It_d [cos h~dnm 1 a. 01-quHare:r. . iingme.f}.DTil1ers: 00 No: oj tll. 0/ Jacr. :~qu.: (""of fQ(.('s. -iI No. 'I luriangl.oIIQce.tlr~ n 5 10'.lem:d 1J"1<J!!ngl Ne. of.us. onlt'r. No.~'"'feting ill e II('om t: -1-' . 60 No.-nll3lg Ill.~: 2·' tillhe. 21 "la..([Io 1 !5 . of Jar~s: '9.et~ng . fJ/ pQ. I -. t2-flIL3. 01 t'dg. . Name: I.2'pen.f mt'.ftlm-..'.arne: '.I<l. re.t:s: 150 No.~ _D No. ' eIJ.ap 01 Jaa. o/.edg.~: 3 1~4PIi!01 Jaus: 6 squar • 32 q~liW~uern]t:ri0ll1liglNo. Dod.ta~ofl.at 01 mg~."tr:.

i!lirjEd.m:n: !''rh~ :Eg" GI:f N 0.r~$: ] 2 equihuetaill trwam1gh~ (]I[ 15 doubl.(h~GLITII~d1lJ1l}rn No.nmO.af.ld~\ca:h~dJiI:\O'~ 1'\(. 3. . 'I!! Name: Tm~}:C3taHI!l:M. d(!ide.drl!lll'w IDi:iiI. ~~'iig >!!lIt cGjt::.~ .'tiCJ~ C{!ln~~ 4i·.:Hi t o'lh~!:' ~. "'·~Ul'l[hI' 5filid i. OH(}.('"Q'I'JtJt!'I''l.td."!u:'I.ll : pole No .R'fiJ:.i po i'~i45.$ .Oi!..ilIl IRlJlf1t:hpol.C$~ e·el~ at .i~~ts.bioo:mn.~l mrne!l".:' >].." .1 : Shil!l~a.illd~!:~h~d.. o/. 1 ilXll1.IJIln.~il'dD~d~ca.N(I"Tr.~Q!~~. .t)iriltS: 201 N Q.f:. No.~Wlln.vl M. of jlJ(t's' ~\l1!e~.r. 12~ ~ngle or fi dil.' hc:..glJS"".JiUl!Jili('! U{iiiJiI:!:lro D'lM. wh-l:ll .~: 1 i\1. 2 hexagon.Ut:F...: :I (}I jVo. :3 <It the omell' t':i..I!!I:. af (!.~gt:£ o'rl~(.· 2.01 . of Jilt:lf£.lds .8 N 0\• . o! ro ml!:'fS.I(JPi! f(J.0.~ mi!:!iliI' b~m 16 h~x.edll'On: ] 2: on: h~'ll:ai1edroi1l S N (j.i!iW TiIi~. of .u:tts: 26 Sh(. g.olfli1!JlI1d ~Isquare ~jt ~t~ tl'ighll polar (\otl'!ll~rs.01 Jr.2 St~U'II]. :1OO(h !h~'!lDlid i'i 1Il11.ch (Or~~1'i 2!H:~a~.3 .c3bedml~.:Jilt'ir fon~.odiec3IiIle.l peiP!'tilg['jnl~.f$ lofJ'G'i J~t: ~ N(Jm!ll': IG~~ili: :Ol). .On~.J! N fiJ.().ltaglliiil 31 Ithe O.jj'f!ll.ooecah.mondi :He:l::il1lLI~r:'Oim '@if bouM'e" N''l/.: or SOtIDt:l'rupole.: 2{l1 i"o/ame: 'U'e' a.~12' N i. 16 hexiligofi.ill'u."i~ l'Qr~~t"r. oj f~~effl!lill p().~ erners: ~ Nrmu:: Eqj~n.of 'l1dges: 7'2 N 0'.No. oj.of JtlCi!s: i6 Sb. afJ~ .)if. 1I:l{"i!I:I.: m r .f. oj etig.~tl'l ing !'lJ t t!.of faces.fjs. b~es are il'lghll~.i"ll.hf:JdIJlD~ 2 e . .e Oif south po~'e.at.OI1Il'!Igl.t'l'ilUI' No.ND.!.Ii.1I)~... 111~ j..!if~ "".:p~' of $~C.j.IDe of diiln}CiIII'!1d OJ!: d.h CQrl'~~r:.'. w3!1'ped IiI~Xd!<l.!ng c(I.fllh ~g . Spemngan.: equ ~bm:ruI tri OIIlng].f}s.l!!iI~ ~I!h~OOf]lU·. amid. oj ~dg~5 >lJT /t1lr._o.mT~t!'J':J.e llUrim1g.e D.y(oi::ru::.:.

1.rs me"r'~~'''IgQt N I:I-U'"(I!i't. ill ·th31J~ 'Gin be vi \\.1 :I.la.r Fldl ~t influ need ]."d a~ .e~' m3d~ 'Up of ~XJy carbon atoms iiI1fi1"ang'ed on th orne s oh u-ulll.~c.l3gomd Sh~p.!fId O'IlP r iIIJ1~' ['u_b. qujJa~~r. .t!s: ..rlM::" DO'l!lihl 'Iic:U". xample.gM the hape of.l l1itdrn.1 u h ~s the dod ._5: 15 S 1~(J. D~ 'flu knrin ~.No.5 r.fJ aI/an::. fhmrw[' i.oliJu p aj eag. It'1~lI"ahedrolil.si'aU(Jgmp/~)I: La] . Es h ruLililJ· dm··fUol'. of edg. (aj::(. s: Pyrnmid '10 ~quihl[".. polybedr .' of hm r Ihe plan I ofhw~d Lh C h('!1l1..u~'el'iPlg(ij 'or fJ'IJIL'hole.b dEa A~:cl-~itt'r. These areae includaan. l~ am tria. I !triangle . dl<fY f. o.at the . . i0:1'1 in iill mnfl'od:te:r3:n~a&b sidesm 1[:1'1. G!::whedral.~r.aJl-1r bui1ding§ tllllL l were built run aeemetric shapes based on.cat~cl ~_osjjll'IIedil1'o:1l whij'h ~'mu.!1J5 Ilh btl ~:s~[or his dill . the 16tb 'errul'lJT1' Joharln~ Kt'IP'~sr used the PkUDlIIli .1 Polyhedra: Connectionswith Different F'..'l of om ~ u bli[iIIlalCe . h-llLl~srl'}' and o-aUgrd. of r o.of £'O'rru~:r' . JJr Jac.Ph iJft:TheVU)'.i. mn. IT) Cf}l.s.: 'i h p~.. . d ~I'JI til shape 0 poll). A$lro~'Qr1t}l" :bhooF3 sun.s ~(jl'h ("mt"': 3 aJ'~ nQrth.0'• of t'd'gt'&: 9 -r. pole t'hftrnU'i~f" Jaml".'I:sl:l)l:The mol.r of lac. :lIJ Ithe' other IIi " nrn 'tS 01t!dge CQfnt"II'..are model. 'l'uUer !:l. . FOil e _mple.l!.ot <!. J OFfG~e'.ab edroDi : ~hJ" oj .o. I rn:CI~ baIt M~I!l.h dra. .~d app~ W.0. 0/ O(J.l~f': H . . If .. 1. .utructufit". IIIb. the shap suga_t. 3J re eonsideredrn Lltema[~rnI (libj fiCl .g~d o~ pu] rhedra.' .' DOUlld~lPien.~ at non No. F. pub.f:.mgJ!II! .~tl!'i!'!':' The r~odsi dOlme_. Tbougb po.a ILlFo'm'" bioWag)'.~wmkofM.elds.olLtlnh pole. f' hIll' UJ~. h droll.

:19 'rJoooco:Lht~dmnn ~ll.il.c.e :is ~ GFCOIl doo~L'3!lI. l\:H t>3Il>!prl :~ll:uldules."d!l'on (:[Nlm S~1'1np1lirliffi.lJirn.I»!gt'.PIem.t') ~ aIJl.I' 1 .~e 60) GU>.lad:~l)i..].Part Two Making Models (C.1l1odecahedroil'l J lewer .I.pap.go'r! medules. p. . .'i.

( iJ! i:llndel.whe art' impalaie'ru aad 'IV _1iU.dli3gr.(.oondf ".~yh :cdm.}!'I! n II fo~d.l! LTlu:ltbe [fliod 1 made tom f· ".u [s. in de .~ fflOd ~ that m.. mboi" secliOin.illSOO l~liJ~d~agfam. which d: ~b sthe m ·a~iil1.Al ~O. uy to do Wh.i uhar DI' orLen rrn:urit 01In.d va~iations on.·a.co:p.~'i.D<Ill o( Ithe info. 'IOIJjj.of 'wamhlg 'D~I~ff~ beaJ'd a:r ori.Iii _gram pa .gt'lil 'm]]~' easier to 'OOD. Snll rhere will .$ 'lim -·pentrt' o]diHI nu m dell. ..other h~nd.nl·an~· un~.~".T'OilfkwFtg en.31 is shown and men looka1u the next ."Dem't . mobil and man ip ul ill te illuWi!{"'Oi."er-I !fIu.in order ~. _ h~. you GUl. ~1IlIlb· 3tppropriaW! lPa· it'S when '\\fork~ng on a illr d el.. L vou aT IJII£ammailfWE(h..e •.l'I. e:ii~d~ Uy l~ritb~h(. sua~~jjrlhe names 0:.~. ds plJr.~ DHIR' :tl'lmleh"unenn d:i.e mot d.o." 'm[ Plakes.!l.~m~YOI. be pr pared to retnl.vtIi in he ne-xll ' iep.].~n'Using 'UI. A ~iIr"Oro.r criga m ~b f re.tred.fr in 1· .. o~.b~:rmedels.n? OrUlF eiU'IIjltb the Ddinidon o .. 'IO'iil. d .. illl The.~_t~" rin dim tilt '. pli!O ~e i .Jw~.'!. h~v. 0.O _ 0. B.o:f(heymboL I. imodul es III ybereWa>d in th.idI.'ie n .m~ d~a-f.trnl:lg. .ththe d Wy·ngpo. '-31lt f[f~~.lhy OJ.l:ning _h. .st if I.: What i not blllw".tISl JEWm duJ. rybod' :11~ . uindeilf13nd .di.en "Iwdrlle" with [I. en [} IITf easi.a~you hallie'~ lidfi:d has.gs .:11:. inl-re tmng to Ifolcl! thesemode hone' Iter the oth r to see dU' relaucnships b~i(Ween 11Jh.illlg a tp 0:1a diilgrill'ffl YO'UMIJ!Sll pilIY care ul anemruon t.o S'l' ps are wmpo:f:It :Qllibui one can iw-a. pro t '. Time s.m have m. btu di fer. of .ld: _ rnc d. On rna' ~I 'I I I). ·e tl!. p' per (th.~[firoh one .'s'lIepea. l is sihm. diagnl'ltils for ~ rnedel b IlWlnn thm.blill]~ ~h: I.el i:n nv 'f YOUi[ bea. ehe moouWe illIlrdk_~e' Eeiationlhjp UT C . r models f~r-' aDd build up to Ith. in oee diagram IiIlf:jp [0 ~1.rmatioll'l in ~he te .ed rnodiiUla.el(COITr d')'. mb] m of :[o:ldillllg LitE' ~nd'i'llidltil<tJ1 odw~ m binterm. . Thi in 'lud~ e.j.'ell"pieo . diEfi uhv of rd~mC:l.£D!l.U~P • U' 'ouh.l1It :inro a ~e'[.e s.Enst [amm I'di!£' y.ad~ng iii ..a vmhol. 10 'P1HlO!ed diUrer. Neira >u hould I<'ImiHari.ilJ tw.the' . TIl''1 Jru::m:ld.u1 .Jljp "h ill.a.:ndy.d.litrn~.] k lt u in I~h Dcl'~niLioJu)~.1 of them. ~h~ hv rreiErring back .bLl~C31n be masrered.all.!.. a(jcO!l'diing to neee ·sh. lOne hmt for readin a diagram h roloek at.-.'" '''''ben ~d~ng II n -w 13!ngu~.<m. Th .[ ass 'ID. been don.e.. .l'he:qreimilad Jdi!rt!!:t"q[u n ". i~ ~s.H"'fSpiU. nel w mod· ~ hav of bll!f:I]J Cft'~.pWlQ.!l IilIlodu~~. isasiona ~~ t.'h l i mp!ro .ooruate even li. It is ~hjll.peliU C IJiefulI . Origa..ted b)" a dd!clill. P l til t when ih re e B3!l m die] tbat Gil) be nsuucred 'I~O:11i!dHierem numlo IS o~ mudules.' 'mb Is."'!us. 'Wb. i1J[ mlh b '[II don OD)~('d' tin 1 ill RlililiCh Wh.C1' .rk on the pap 1". sing the' Diagrams and Directions 'lill ~'O'IJI' hould .Ih. ~1\nlleii1i'f3d.gBl:mi C:O:l1~tt('n~ec!i..e..i""era a IPO.tep YO!ll\li. ~. OILen several ~ohL are' in.-1.gtliilg'" of rbeim' .own and .rs be' ibo .oll1gh (he 'i simph~.~s.

. ..\! GIl ' [p' 1.R '.\ TURN 0\' ·R.E 0.\YER " IN ON THE N EXT ~ 1t'i. ~ _ VALL 'fOl..'! A F.~Rn..RGED Vll!\.. l~ AN . NT ..\IN eRIE ... PAIt. .!!. ~ --0----~--e..DG B l AN 'EN 'l. Of .--. ~fOLO VO " _-ORIiliH..E. T\.. '·'REJ.' IN eRiE'.Definition of Symbols..\E fOLD J'l.IE ' ". -=..0 CR. '0.· ~ .D yeRE .."..lEt f A.YA.MO ..C. -.. FOLD TO\. . . <:> e S n.U S..TOP \ .!GAM'~ .A. A VAL :El' 'D' f\\j\1'A'\~FROM YO' FO-O' OR UN' ..VO .-_. iOodllUNATION .EDGE ? 'U' A' URROIUMl-\. lIP l!.N D "NFO. f''U H A.' tf-+.. J\"~I ..O GM 1 .ER BELO'.[. A· POI NT A MO\'i: 0 ..___..oF . CREA E. . TIHEN RE·fOLD_·IR..:. £ 101' p.. REA"_ H' U REP AT ·NCE REP'[TTIVIC. Tf-1R. TH.POIN B.tTH. n It.PPV "It_" .POINT:.H .... H .PROD . .·.

._ il'..3iss~mbh(l poim and pn ket i aee U' 'o:ld~d 'iln 0 ne 'l~' ).gami mtJdul~5 Itoget:liLelf.ws that the point goe under.y loekinlit U..3pt' to hold the mudu:l~ . rot .\WN /\ '~ R.!l'Jdul~d_h.jan).:rl'lu: co~or rou !liifi"ig.Iiug. U bd "'Ot e:". To these unbunil:ia witb tbe .Th dUlled li.O A The Assembl Pro .l.flc..Il 11II3. a I'D .to th gI.E E TO MOIU T."I!3IU.· pomnl to be :i[l.idiing where to put ~-h m duh~.-.)[1 ~ "gm\\'" -.-.. [jni-h d n'lI:Jd. oHhe a _ dl Iti.h r ~n grLJIp·f three nd then PUI r~l"ld thiii!!o t'll~ rn ).u~~ ach _pi'l: e I :ilfU(H~\-mod ht.' Imodel ILogether.d <Indo I::!. ba\lin.' be used LO ii1dica~.• -ess are various metheds ~o:r~oJdi!!1 and Ill· embrnll'llg modular OdaJM~.~·benuJj'[JJJy 'he 'w1'l ee iU:3I'J fil imo lhf'p~fE.· In'iasi'~~il'oh:lled.Ul [()~dmng tillem.. people I ike dl.~flw.>h .-: Ill! del a' :J .[ing (0 try di!lIe-reln omoring (0 dt.iGan~'.e win r apoint i I['i) be ~11I ern d j.S ICOI'l! UU uon.(JII~or thrown in I rnr.TION :NeOLU _WO\\N _A Cf~ A.. . ddilLimiUd ley..ihen!l...['" ~i~t. this ioOOik the m.o~II.llll1pOssibl or rta:in] 'dim I CQrrllll:1l redso u 'inggh.. find the Wr:l"nuil[ rinliih'm in tockill1g piece to .to .f'~T model ' _ OFOO.n ' de.tn. foLd tI.t~.efn'ft' a_S'lii~.] pie e b.cp.. 1 k enemedule supplies a p(. wh i h a Hee I mb] y pr w th d 'ir dI paper <I nd coler sche IEle om dle' fillall md .I.[if:' and there. Aliliom 'I" on: id r. dti' ('lr 0 ori.eili~ aestheti _II ~pl . ' or In' • depen.0t.. sn .o~ lh."lock" .d_" the cclors used in il.i" diI:(imh tl13J1. pile e.e ty](~ o[ ripmi.m . Th 'J11' are ffi<BiU ' d.ll •.J~pieces of the same color Wli.!'liO ~ p.up to ether.nga." otcner m().NGIE VALLE Y tCR.m dule log t.! fl.·"-O.a.' o .pmeces of the SiJ. UswlJ lh-".lin ~"p of J 'k u d is what we .w niii P ( ula ntodd pm.Loin the Poim.tqu~ u 'B.rl .-rigami enthussas '.m ]'j on~ :Inighlt u.G:!> ~ INFU\TI 'T "".' I!.."I"olO. In.S.hl.our . ~)O k .~H c:.]u .•. GRE1\. Of' on can Wli:l.e ~m. ! dLl!1r .hou hold_ Ihl. dotted line m . 11: its al ohen nee ter [0 lock than use !.\'HleD _dd.dl another 1r.-.giIlfaLdeal.a pie' p:p r th l m k up the du: 'wm no~ corn. pi)!'i.illlg <ii'll piece .. l2.liin~and a second madlul uppl les pTJ_ket ~.ll o~ mliu~' pieees s}' .~ 0'] 5ymmerr.ibte with 1\1.ape or g.uim].Olht'r eheie in lude m.g II.l. nto.tuoouJ und '~k'll\r :rd.dof _ h. we me. In the l!ti<ligJ~dJm). One b..:If:I.en~d.I.i:Herem te bl:1..nd( m b.'D IMI(Xlllh~'5 tf)g~dwr.lnld F'(}(:ket lo k_ hI thi~.arJlb:lin. It [~ imerr-s.

. r [e"n .rnn led.~ pol hedra. " with '!Jiangh".rhen diagrams teach yo~ modular roM th€)7 IJI. ""~I! euokl O"'.'fdra.mes. th~m SiO dosd~'.b ik and h:ili'l<'euried [.. 'o. t'dg~ togelb .~tng 'i1I.odul.iI~y!h.ta~(!J!I1J. Am:u. i'r 'I!.. liVe .' d(!l'~n'g tbarnhin. l.iil1~' all.e or g~101LJ of modhJil-'.rnn be .'. ina mod'ul·C'.\..jl d Il!heobasic hap ~ohl. Np F'~melll. used I h ~jdt"3 ~nd !.you bIFin:!.ica.p.W 1:1(.l'!l~.ampi!e. i~h ui:ru:l1cularr ~ cessnd r~h. din pi l1J~·.• n. Th. lace or \f rt N."~nd.' flen nth rmedel are poible' 1I.I" wirth a sqUa'fIf.IU lI1ul1IClb w. [\'1'0.tt'd bl' lJI ripg s.op~ng manliillodul.1 a m du. Ul tog. m. For examph:."' D:lan III dul e can mutt allmlEr and wtii.rf' s."! of modules.c.I. and ·~td " not alwa So :prooUi a new u1 • W~ .!Jape of pap er and U)' tn '[O.I. One thin to do t' W If}' U) t..is m' estion fer.L'I1lIilar n.~·e foullId dld modele ar usuallv pan f 311 ed .. \Iter a whwk.h~ and 11 mode! til 1 can be made u:!Ii.IAu~dr I ap .emook ~ pol}fli:J.ensee how fifial!1~modules at n "ded and h()~w the' .ay auenti n te 'Ihingli mc' bu.a. .edrn _. iI1blr Irorn a gW'Io'rr! module" !IJ~" .heir r~3)C'" is (J~ ~tiLUwi'lh dm'~r·nt .u~w:hic:h m.l.1111.1Ugh. b~<'Iu e '\'Irt'bave b t'iIl look.. bv hEan.ether ~i.aIIlSl~l r modu:I' ".eu.ih ere t1!. [hil.Hud~yb(!JIw '01.all! du' mod Is po. i~ ILilIi .· orne to reat in p!l)~~' dr 1 I OJ" d model .\' mil po.ngthe m d1u~e.for ·~.om heur~ U ll:il:n h em be used.I1.lilt". ~WI" n uyin It enum . i . U...ilil'if" working wi~!tt a tm".e 1iIl~ pr."~ .'..(lW du~ same step used previousl . dul'es are reWa.u~ren~ numb r-£ modules.

'iii .

f.I Triafl:g[c~nip mudu. _ri31lg1r~Til modules.J!. Edgt lllodlllJJ • p. 11"Un'u..1 .iI( .Part Thre. pll dl~tOO cl! decahedrn f tom [quil. Preliminary Constructions (Clac IifiI." -li.) p..1Cl: eetahedrem t£ram .u:t'lii.lB. pa i .ISt') Id. ) ) I elrnhedroril rfrom Tnan!. . .'.hedron r(rol'l1 Eqyilmi!l<ill TIFJ ngl~'l$:ip medutes.:l d dQde~.Eq'Iil'il~IU·!.agc 53.

....... rr' .. \-.... Jr. ---... \ I I \ \ \ / ~' \:J . I o @ ® Hi o @~\J) :-t· fJl ® . 1---.. J r--. I 'iii I / I ..

11 .

.".... I I l'iI! 1.. . /0" .le Tess'c-llfdiafi.I '.§'nu6 Cub Fla... 11 I ~ ""1 ... I I I I I I ® ..I" . I .n.g. r . i 1'. II J I I I I I II I I I I : 8: j ...~ I" (~) ® " .I I . ® ".I' PbUem Ib~i'I'D 1il'~U &ms [emu .......teTul T:M.Eqiuila.

clu.~drotl on Pltd ra. .b'Dade~(J'l..·.:o~[J3Crs.tte-mby Be:nllllie~~~ cbml. ~0 ''X )~"@ .:U'a k:ri€d'Tri6Jng.Eqll.II .I~'~'tJtii lor S:nu.e. ll~ l2 c . -~IF:<:.~'e Te~s.a.

Pentagons .

o z: w r w :H Z .J 1« II < I' F' [l ~: ~. Z W .

I.lo~d..i.deds:hei!l:IL Tbe pcntagQ!I1 •.1 et.w:rng ~ f1J.folded!l!1. o a :J . ..oJ ~ It.M. l both ~a}!ers o~ Ilhe .Iil(. .rurp s issers CU'[ l.e'clheet s along ~:I. 'I\fhh a p~~r o~ sh.MC iHldGN U:!i. h . 2.'l r. nIine ACMarj( i :p(l!~ ~Vl.C. .sheet and ru.l.lIJl Z IHI dl . and N Oll'l.'f tin the templare untll rh :fold d i1:ClfIDl'f'W K ~i~~. tbe ~old"ed .es . .f1Iii~s <IJld GN through M. I h! It z o III U .lc .J IE] .awl iJl:l..is·KMCN.. . l':1.C :fo....F~C_ Fold ~hceLo~ pap~J' ~n h_::liU[iIJ arrive ~.~•.C"3: 1~ l:ide the ..~ ~ (~) w ~ (] !Ill l1li .

. J...I ~ I I' I II I I I I ~---·T--'-.. - I . -: ...-..-I ---I I I - ~ II I I I . .-....' I.l--...._--l..- I I I I " ---!----l-~."'" /I~ ..I I I I I I I-.·' .~-._~_'.j..--" »: ~ I I .

n h.3J : [0. 1"-- OneiSi~~ of SiaLm.en'lillons ~l'tD.-: / <. leSi$e[l~at[()i.~~fl!Gle foldE-d. E.~'~ 'l!qlJJH~llef1lll U'iang~e snu'b cube Ilat pauern .1Iiil!eT. / .<.m rect:ilJ:llgJ.fjng:~es..equj~.e foM~dl tn mak~ '1.~ <.ighite"11 h~l{aglJ"s. m~~' .liIIIo:r . [rom a rl. / /1"-.es~~T~ri.~.d a tri.

tangle Into T'heee Equal Parts 'bl '~-w:is imml ~ 'T~ff ~:RIlU \ \ \ o F-'----- -'= ~ .How to Fold a Square or Re!.

.

-dtO.ro. :~g!:' 53<) or .Edgt'" !'I!'!<Eliilu les.ifi!1 f ij'"l(J ILl) O:~l..a hedren (I!o~ h (~'ffilPmed Tciii!!~gl!" .ah(.Part Four (Jb!tlfvl') ~.

1 'Bob Villl~llkt:r ® 8 ~) . '.tlr OC'tta'I"ltlra:r~.~'dt'db.lnf.l.gu. Inr .~t: .

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c o 30 .

I II I I ~ I -- II I I --.!-I I I I I I -..I o @ ® .{}. I I I I -. . .

\/ o . .... . __ I " .. I {' (~) I ( I .-~-~ . \I I \ I I I \ .. t \- .. . I I I I I ~ I I \ .. ...FolJtt"IIii'ill.1 In \ \ \ I .. tan '"rid) eight hexagan ..~ . " \ I \ II:5_.-.1IiiiiIi ..........- _' ~ \ \ .(a..----.. ==~ _ .. J \....l::::::Io:::::II.. 'I ...\ ''IN . ... i\ -=...--.. gOEl bct's and ~ourwlJ'l b~ triangu'latr I I \ \ - _= ... I . b '~~ex es. . . I \ I \.....Jt_ -.... ... .. I I I' .I " \ P !k \ '" ! ...

® ==~T+~·~--I \ I I ® @ .

ilZ " .nil System.lld . -qua.Flat . 'l1iJl'~~1'..It'll: Small Rhombicub'ocl. ~' @ @ 4 . ~.-4\' i'foduie F.oitil b.ahed:r. 'Ron:___ .

t:EA:l...e' andH..AH[DRON OCTAHED.'SING TI.OCKlNG . TR .~V[' l.UARE MO:I[)'lJTLES .MOll"LES .ON LOCK THE .FO.nt5 lffii1lli 1 ICZ Trian:.M]ETHOD SHnw.: TRUNCATED fiEXADECAHElUtON dOl = TI.'~)ilTIla IGRlikft1o!iirl1: o x4 1 :.R: SQ. NeATED d = TR-NCATED T[~I. ./nlm lbyiBtilmI:mI~u A.RON o 'xUi.l.UNCATEn ~OO}!Ji [DJl.TEIINAT.B~ntJ:g!rHi.lfo:d'ule.

DOUBLE TE"_ RAH'" . ELLA.LE PEl KANnD x] ... T:EUNGLE :OOI:)E • IrIEDI.Ol' N.rt. : -TRA .R. nOUlI.(ED-R.E.EURON !( ~ 24 :'.Tn.t..: I'N . ® POCkl ® A7' "11. LLt\ D nODE I\..tllIf'e MOldzde /Tom a BexagfJr"l b Ito~ GUfIkI-~III[Z and!knneu 'Hy.EDRON !dO '" n=:o.AH.~6 = HEXA:DECr\:H.\HE!JIRO !'1M '" . OCTAHEDmt • I nao - dOl . !TELLA ~ D " ' ilt 'I::m EDIRc . .iN 2' '" EQI lLA .I ED OCT..ein.:HEDIRON .

.UNCjo\.A (~) l-i.HEnRON xiiI) = TltUN'CA.ON rl!'1 = TI:UNCt\.frIECA.\.TIU ITTlllAHEJlltJON ~20 = DODIE'CAI~ED..43= TItUNCAnD HEX"..12= TI.HD Ocr/\HED'~ON N.H [DllON .p.HDWOO A.

o .~ ~. CD Puiru Palmilil. .

.o~_ carh eeron . I nn.. nne: ~ a fa e' of a dod cahedron.'~ I . fUfm ..o'n ...on.." stems 1 ' Dod(Jrcrd'ted. ffioduteea h.the orn r or a dade hfidfi n. in WlDid R.I. T..B'o~U' b.-. .dul. • ch'modul. h~ering f f~'.".F"OI~'er.)j .!:I[il Am'l. d e d S' Srmpre D. urk! wiltl 'l20 m .

ul'ikewilll . balla bOll! t .Mi(J. .ll rf1lak. G~!I_Fk!~W:iiU.s reo mnle:il..~iI'!'G.lJ. t'lO make drl 'bil.oR lJoU b Rom_.ud'Ul.1iJ ~D. glu lit' ~.ewis im.ix-iu h' (I.d'ula.e ln he's b wgh.e Yeu l.oll" C0t:1ft6c.rnunt:Citon.~ _.r D'i'mp.l~dDod'mhed:.d ~. If moo l is w 'be handled.e b l. ® o (j) .Af. nm need 60 m dule and jO .tor by RJO.

@ CD .

...i!' . .< ../ !...../! ..... 7--t-~-' I ... .. o / .I . ® e . ... ..K' . . '" 1/ / . .. / ~' Jt " ... I . 1 I~.. " ....~ ...f' .. :!_ II .

.I.. ht::mon.''. x 12 .lk'· (s~~ PJ~~~iom~ d~ag~. br.:\:LL (CUbOCll.eU ~1[f:~D U~e Sp~.1 ''..od) x:N '" .'' '0 .. .S.LL (1l1~OI't'IIbki!.t f [l"" It FIIKEIBA...fl'l'.d. SPUIiJ: I.P'(N SfJrii.m~.ll:ll:)Cl:ahedrrQ[J 1b3SeCI) '~' ••••''''''.W ~fodi'l...kcB~].'.l. .''''''.1 b. ROjIlJ~ IG_~~~~:[Z aQ!d B' m'!.' ."il~eB'..'and Si'U.al.

o~ t. :.o modiu1 '[0 get Ornarnem • B 11 Module.bel[em :r pCl!i~rnS th 'p.ttd B:a.O 'UIi.~iil fold.HEDRON x2'!.od1. OUlId Ik'Doeu .fle' A (limb]'. .M.ij'ii. ~.il~Dsille..ike I<lU ~fodute (p3lG~ <Ii.~.Oma:D'len."M. 'GIIIUrb\iirib b}! B. RlIOMJ'UCUBocr. b :l. c BOcr:.Jo. (1) o .)2 .«IIIIiI~1 GUlI1k -""fLU.I~ lh'eedge o~ lUbe .fE:DaO- '.~'.

I!CilG (Ilf A.: C BOCl''AHE.q!l!l.odtd~ (poll.U M.1L~U1i.e 412) ___ '.'_.i.~ ~~ ) Point x 12 . .~~mbles ODe~l"~e(:Jf T:ri~ng~. I.i!l.[lIllON xN :.e'I'~:od:~h~ 3.~ .:HOMrUCUI80("T'A~II]J~ON ."r).l.piktBa. (pag~ lilkeS:.' '"" "I"~ "..

..' .. .. @ 4J6i . .. --.. >.. ._ ".. . '..- . . ". ..... . ' ... . : .' ~ .... " .- ~'... - . '. : . ....

@ ® ~ .~ @ .

et StrifJ IS:'_5. SI~lm(llD.JutUcde:ralTrian.mdi DeDll.-- ~ CD o I\.t'~N.!J ~ R:igtu U.:Et..m! ---~---. t U '" ~Us:lu Hitlild .g'e b: 'L~wts.JH"ld ~.1 l( •• 'ms~.eii.

A.pr.\H:EORON 'WOml Iri.i!ndi!'iu ~fiFUInl f£mtin.l .[ n.Po. .3.1!L~ - lc::~l !I!i I.1I1' .1 .w . LL~ ." r l!lI'!od!.n!: ~y:p.£"Ln.1= T.r.RON STE:LLI\ TII~]) iBE IT£LLATIO DOIllED\MEDRON 1 ':1rJELU\T[D D O~lECAH:[D.!(I .\1IiUO -l!:"nu'm'L."'Ir:I"~L'T~En'J' M'£".!l:~ = [)OUBll:l!:.iJl.ac~~ !I moo.RON 3'1.U!<cliehi Ih~m'mDI 'llI.51:= :1100 J.RO['>.!MJ = dO = :d:O= S:1rlELLAT[D OCTAHED. TI!T.J .lelli.SU'UI!o! ih!i.~I"J.lL!.~J.Ew:nlON 511'.i-~ .E.2'''' [J']]'vt]}'LIEO DOIlECAHEDRON en "pu:llht:J!!ve!>:..li'iedl ~J ~ or !I:<Ili~)ljI !'ll!(Ufll~ lI)OI.Af[~li}ltON = 'l.r ~n iJae:I'n(!::rtIllJ l.~.HAHEl~ltON x4 = OcrA~~ll]EDRON x5 ~tJ r: - = [lIO:UUILE PIE! T l\.'rn.D..A1:iI[ D'.QF'III'I?"" "~C['Il:'n.·O""TI"r~ .r AI =HI:x.Lf..R.IL PVJli.~'Tm.E.ON .s (j)ll.CON.imt o Leil.el' Dt rNJ'hi!I..IA1'#IIONIDI H1E:K..!!!IU.AUECAHI·.gbl~ and )<l~= ~I ~ = ". Hamil M.~ U -_ .T.l!l'e: ll:2 = -:n:''TIlAH]~]!)It.

I model:).rilllng~e. ® . d1i!l.~.. ~t-MI:l.moo .tmn 11' b~UwL '.'q.!I .. .iI! ~j nghl-Ih 'Ldi"d moduWe lne.Sf1rip $. d mher di3lg:t'3m. im o 50. m.ions i).s lot 'Ii .odUileo starts wwth I!! 2: by I paper.dd medule mailllg... iihw'· m dule 3 well.'stem I. There are le l.m tein This modul ba!> the SaJU1e ID'rlodd-'W3k~lIl:g posl5itiililll ' a.. Poill_ p.1 rialzglle ....I ~ " .uilate1'u.trip . . Onl' th l. the 'lEiquila[C!mJ . TIl main dil ' renee is that.Mld I nl!lJ~u A.and li~ghl·hilillld:t:iJ II'. shown in these diagrams.

I I Glu ln lnli~ n'!:il TOiIpt! fn This uea o . l th is precess \!o'illJh.into (.-nd modules.J T:igliu-h~nd and [.U:JId.glu ~or [a.i'ltlter. be(ln~n' h norm po. ~efl-h. _ hc:remaillltmng.P'<I.edt ~~lI)m .pe. tbe (i' e ~e_t·h. :11.!IJ..'ro~f Jromq'u.1e nid I he other Pllrnmid the y [11poJe.ining pain 1lI'iiI.C'.h I: rn ining peck lIS 0111dJ.f' osher pYT3mid. The b 'h ru-O!. " gh){" 0[[1 rhe Urst four c:omle(lion~ of the .l~ll~ifJ' Md . . m~}' b 'Ill" diewid lU 31:1 3dh~!ip.d.conne [ion.p rrnmiid.'Lh-e equatJolI" j 5. R.P II" .g:tlgl.~qua[(gtriaW bel.\.p~on the Inside ~oIerm 3.a hpr~rrclm.1O-Motl'l.1 " ~ toget her '''''ithi .df1'It:"J'J. ri. his mod@l j aUI<I<CILiH:\''!fllilen foM. the' fi· e r-ig]u~h3nded m dules.re~ id~d p rrnmid.'ld' S')'SIeu:I 'lOT b ~'Bmn..\lith dHJcrem co~r on acWl ide. Ontliled b in filing U 'I' tna.a!fld d moo!. oiw.~'u:id. n Am~1 lin n 'Tri.

1Semble ILfu. the b 'lef[-~H'~ndoomod:u~:es.m~d. re I. ne~lhelJ' of these modlds win D d . ~ le _king It.In: modelsare III de bam th _:.thd U .a!bsa ' not 'Used.ymmjd.~I .g p k t on m: odlu p ramid.:fI. U ~_ Idt:lg tabs '. a s.qudat ral Tii"iaftgh~'IIJrwJl.Half (he modules a: e 1@-r[9h~!'!Id"d and han are Itigt'u·hiilnde(l.'1ill' glue.1l1lllcd gl ue iW n oded ~10to .Ieand IIh d _hl~. h 1liiI. tI e •outh po:le. :form.. Il 'the north p ..~mHllI:r W.. I[:o:rm p. () till' medul p r~m]d'i. !liO form 3i b 'h around ib quat ft.ig POWilU on each p}<rnwid a~ in erted im '-h1IF majwll.I-!iedin iiiSS-f:OlIIMi:o~ the IP r mid:!i. :pyra. Th~ Tem~buf. ~. The ~!llS 'mbl Ill/faedure i:!i.yu~m lorn .d Wl'ill lO-In1odLllle icoulldron.anded :modules.H1all ~mc:n.

~rligmodale.. the poil::n Lab.E' cOlI"fespo~dj '[0 an ~ilglf 00 .odiul J~Iili-~ !lip I..''''''~l.<lG)(J.iiII(l s.ost poJ }!bwl1iJ IN ill :[ieq'lJi:i~ use o~ 'Lb-lock..gaifi5il. t b..ua].iil m. on aJ. This mmiule' makes iPylyhedTilll.tl in nc.lil. 'l'l':i. M. L i.QllJrnlaj!ll creas ~ lu. d • .ue:roJ tria. medul hm'!' up ~v'iil. the ~lOt n ed.1ieriog' :m.emoduJ.h nat eqll.l1igdi. . "JtI~nl[ xG .old it n l . 'C}13 efl~ 1. 0 P'ain-II @ '. If w (i S.A. on eliuerin . se:!:iJm0111 r ei ingm dule. afoldmoumaiet with ~e Bn 11.~~g~~ . l he po Iyhedron.0 o ..rea ~'ma.

J J .I I ~ I I I I I \ ~ o To 0 o o I j o ® .

fi~Lad.H~iWe\l'eT.!jJI~ pin .li. g]g'a~~~q]uaJ'~ Or per~I~FI1il.gj.E'" x~2 = STIELU\TEU OcrAHEUI.I ..tIIhr~i.llJ_ITW..d = . TID DO.LllkiJlg T.or ~:nlt5t!'1L1lrtif.~shie is neooed to r:JJ{'(l$sary to .l!1llll'"' P'~'II!:Io ililll!' t!'!Q: 'h". 'Cl'i1it~'Ti~g f"li'lodutll. "lood I I'lil. Il'n.' ge ts bt:n.TIELLAlrE[) ITTRJUi!ED'RON U!: = TIELLA TEl) CUn.1 .U..[Ib Ladimg 131b 0[1.iH!!m ~IJ<I~~ ~h. !q~!1r~llii!'{.OO ules m~k<E''' llr'i~ngul:a:r !l!o 'pyll7Ji_~ id..ON )1:11) )! !(3Q = TEl.ON ~<li~~ . modules makea pen lO3igofal3Jl pyra.:f!lMid.lImOunltl$ p'}'imm~diS.rn crea:lle lGi. 'Tl!' 1~1'liv~ng:modMrr ~.n~d!. 1 modudes m::l~E"a !iq UOIFeP¥(..x30 = STELLA.~.1l.llEC\REDRON No adh.~J lr-taJw:!gubn pYil~r.1>I. l3i $mill!lrn !. I:lU.uJ:d iII ~ltl !l"...alI'S ~.!. '\ TJ~]) DOJilECAH[DI.v ~'I .l a:wulI1IdI! ff.~.

c .

.!I. __ LLI\TlE.i.~tlr£rn. •Adh~i.2'I)ijf dO:: mMpLI'. 1} x l'~ = ELLr.n 1Il0nED\:H:iE:D:RON 2:(.Ci''IIl~:[DltON ru(W.TRAHlEnRO_ (16.'IIH[DI.D DODEC.ON (seei:J~!IJ51u::atiol'll ~.e' ml:Iilj2lru /flUJ oj .~16 "" __ LU\TED TlE. ( dO =-nLL\ TEn DU[JIE.nii: f~I'i!1!ll: <!iho!~ ~~l\lIiRtIL t _dJ'li!ji !~iB Fequi f!!. 1.) ~dl1"'_LU\TFJ) Ali "DROI (l.9)'f' x30 . ~ ~fI!d h]lUIJ!~J .\TFJJ! UESiE HII...1 ~ ocr I. ~i[}dl!'n) p:i~ ~f co!UQ1:OC:Iillll~ pilWf to dl.

. ~jI}._ I.idug t!1'f nne-:. --.. .lPi:!! e' TriiJJlI'Il~d~' ule (p_I"":M~d ._ .\.~Il:DRON.g(!'~::: !!\l. '. ._---Lj.. ~. '. @-@ .~ :!j.: GR AT DO:DE \ __ ..~ .' -. . . I _. 12 ..' I "I " I \..

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wflich _. !!or. ~rb~ added II the fb I' p. I ~~I_Hglt r(h!"~f' 1I1miuJnm<l.modi.Q'R "ft.II! '11'1.ulr PJ.H'rnggt'. M"lTIbly .1'l'11el: ho:!u·t~ ~f~U Ijg" tool.g. . .)mi. Iil'LaIDl .g.h' "'I\e ~uplPhrd uln~~dimrr:l6.:itf Ij jj..~hedIPfoo~C'm ~11Itt'omem mooUlI T f .~e ~1'II1[3iguil!l ~-ril:iU'i'-lidalf D!Qd~3hedra:n. llf'lnulll u!IJIIl.11:" .. Ltlid No~r~ Til mod!"l illlltili 'fhu p-. . \/.!l:1 'IripM~llJe] ~pd!le4 .Jh ".l Ca".JI[n~fl'lS non §lEI OUI'.l~s in Lh15l!!iook bUIWh' h I.1ll'1 Iton p'fmmiiD: or (lu: ":5i"ik. . 10 :dli..lcd ion illn' nnl. lrut' npml.lli. .j tll::IJUenge to Iii -anhll~' I~ slnre ihe f~ on! !I!I.l.'.Ie Te.P !i-}. la(.I1~1I'IfI<HgtlIlJI TIll'S(' wl:l:fkl!'b!le p~U~En~ lEaf~!I! tTH:~ ' i.l'i.II~~'IlI~ d'i .ellatioDS'* Fled Pa"~'erns Tka.fiqu!ilafeftal Trio'N.11" gi'IIt'.I~.'y:r3imid { fm 11:'1r.I~ .:d Lh_('~j ids.oJ eeu e. . me lin' m. pa~ lO:rm 4'§·lL!gr!:t' mgd~:!!lIT !6-Ik~ IMlRfld rtan .o:lljJl obi.umid~c r ITiili~.~1!.I t I f 'riB 3&d gn'l:'.JtRllI Il~r:J.lVor. B.'bl~ 10 oomp'in~ u m.~. .Ioo.phr ~~quJI.h~ a IIII hers hilllll" '~cefi u~".I.Doolil. .Flat Patterns from Equilateral Triangle Tes".

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(G lacku.roi a ht:'"limrnTh Tm:I1GUl:d be~adeUlhedfi~:r! D dif~i1ed:l"o!'! I AU IC. :pa.mlp~(O'li or ()f1e"Pg.g~ 51 .~l:e TrruOlI'1I'ie modules.'~st.') T WlI'llrntedi.(l.

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.o:n ~:l:OO. 10 tie.I.B.20 TJ.faUfm :Eiilii:l~ hue-r:..P'io eqi.em oulb Dode ii1bl!'dlmlll: FJ t ..~ Gre-"u D~d cah l'dn n ]2 Pt-ma[LJ.3r Dimploo DmlrrnhtdllfcliO 2 1f~<ID!ilular D.3ht'dmn 1200n ·..ul~~'~ rhH Pl!lul!m 10 Tci~~~-J~~looult> ~'rC)ffI' lHe.:iialf1l.. keleeon) 12 Triangl Edge l\'I'oou~ s '·llli: R'hombkubo.d~ he-dmll a Ue'l(3gon Cu l:iio··taJ!U~dfiCn'Jl: T~1fet"·lup CLlbrn:l.2p~l. il ~ I I]~ex L.]U TriH'11grne l1rlp' J\ll.-i3ngl..Imduk!~ Hll!:x. dnles Ifrom e iii 'flexagnn hD:SCfles .g.~. f'fi m : He gan D>adJefilllI.lsoscde:s.-1 ~'OO".U ~I:odlll!.:lndul.U]f .oy. u1il: • . iw 1~.lJ~1." I} IF rrun mw~ Il' 'I IltIDt iOffl '-6 [igh~ Triang-It' Mooule fmm .ociull:'!io Mudul..be. I~Qd1Jile.' ~a15·D~wee 30 Trii'Hig~.' !.M. H3JI.' lui rr ~ m 1')1:. ·d -11.!:! ~U e fhu P ~ti.anem ~·our..on lodules ]2 .. M~xru~cs.i ..p]edInl"'l~wn ' I.up . ~N. :iJ~:I'IUI led uh droo: !j1[H5.i3in.[exa~on W9..iar. .... 12 Ttj<!!. eat Dode ahedl!'o:n: ]2. B·· .lr M.ng 1\to~ 'ess .. \Dub ~i'!t Tri:m~11 Moc:hilll Th 111 Tmi nle' Fl <I r P3 uell'U 1-11··" gun <[rip M'oou It'' Imll'l.• D!LW~ ..~odlJl 12 ~IImlI P ]t'Cj1LliU'le Moou 1 1.e" t~lP Mooul.". ~~~fjea::quiil1e O 2~!SIlJ~] ~p'ike BaU .. 100'1:11.:Dfl 1. 12 'Om<JliIIl'lual. ~'bHP. qu I: ROll Unit !ldodu'le.lIIgl. .k ..~.e.~ In[Jj .~·.e.ilabed'r'OJ1.ltI".h .~l1Iare Moo1J:!1 . Ivo J] difl1)ll!: F!i t .d "fr.ra Ufflil 10 Tlfiangl 'lr-ip "~odt1i1 30 Trie ngl Edge Modillil . FI<ll P-.cm. ~ FIDI_l..\Iodul~~ £tm a J.rhio:lIl: E]glll rri.·d·'1 . . 'impliJioo Pc-nHI~lln Module 6:U 5 61} ': It Ua"'oo Dode ahOOlro:n: flO TTilln[g.t<'lible1m gular Dell III dum D~. .. e -~ .. . P lIZi'I.od~e abcd-lJ1on: • ~ Tri ~'lgl~'IJ~p. Mctlulr.n nd ~6 Tlriangl' ~1'.de5.fll .]1 Ban !II. p~'·e-l'rhed aron d·-··' uy .e trip Modlrub.65 .en.~ I..'~od~.Tirja'[lg~.Kll!I' lEIDOIIII flal PaILen1 He-V'if\(' Triilngl Ilrlrnlu~' O!fit'~~ie-ce. k'"!l ~ oou 30 3 . ~H OtlDanlfD'I.M."''Ht'!>:a.odyles.6.iiJde .:. ~oou'l .. roaflgme~.dr. :l"oduillo.'.w 'r ~.tl3IaS]t" 'H'if MIKl... rUi1drm .

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