luel gas flow raLe Lo Lxpanders ť

naLural Cas llow raLe Lo C1C ť 10200 nm³/h
naLural Cas llow raLe Lo P8SC Aux flrlng ť 3000 nm³/h
naLural Cas llow raLe Lo AuxŦ 8olller flrlngť 3779 nm³/h
1oLal 18979 nm³/h
8as|c Scheme
1Ŧ nC Lo 8eformer fuel and Lxcess syngas are mlxedţ preheaLed and senL Lo 1sL sLage expanderŦ
1sL sLage expander ouLleL ls malnLalned aL 10 kg/cm2g and 30¨CŦ 1hen lL ls reheaLed Lo 120¨C
and expanded ln second sLage expander Lo 3Ŧ3 kg/cm2 gŦ
2Ŧ ÞreheaLlng and reheaLlng doesnoL requlre any addlLlonal heaL sourceŦ Cnly Lhe wasLe heaL
avallable ln process ls used as heaLlng medlumŦ
3Ŧ Þower recovered ln expanders ls 896 kW
4Ŧ luel Lo C1/ P8SC and Aux boller noL consldered
Cpt|on 1ť Lxpander w|th Þreheater conf|gurat|on
Cpt|on 2ť Lxpander w|th Þreheater and keheater conf|gurat|on
Compar|s|on of the two cases |s 1abu|ated be|ow
8ase Case Cpt|on 1 Cpt|on 2 CpLlon 3 CpLlon 4
Þower CeneraLedţ kW 896 383Ŧ2 624Ŧ8 1020Ŧ6 1388Ŧ4
AddlLlonal luel gas preheaLer requlred yes yes yes ţ P1AS scheme
AddlLlonal luel gas reheaLer requlred no yes yes ţ P1AS scheme
uuLy for luel gas ÞreheaLlng / 8eheaLlngţ Ccal/h 0Ŧ89 0Ŧ973
?esŦ0Ŧ33 Ccal/h 0Ŧ93
CuLleL LemperaLure for reformer fuel gas ls 90 ¨C as agalnsL 120¨CŦ
lor Lhe second sLage ţ nC and Lxcess syngas are mlxedŦ
AfLer expanslonţ Lhe nC Lo C1C
lor Lhe second sLage ţ nC Lo reformer flrlngţ aux boller ţ P8SC and Lxcess syngas are mlxedŦ
ÞreheaLlng for Lhe 1sL sLage expander can be meL wlLh Lhe P1AS schemeŦ AddlLlonal heaL ls requlred
for Lhe second sLageŦ
requlred before sendlng fuel Lo reformer flrlngŦ
AbouL 688 kg/h of LÞ sLeam ls requlred for Lhls flnal heaLlng
CpLlon 4ť
nC fuel Lo 8eformer + C1C + Aux boller ls expanded ln flrsL sLage expander from 49 kg/cm2 g Lo 23 kg/cm2 g
2Ŧ AfLer 1sL sLage expanslonţ agaln Lhe naL gas ls reheaLed Lo 120¨C ţ wlLh luel Lo C1C exLracLed and remalnlng luel gas senL Lo 2nd sLage expanderŦ
CpLlon 3ť
nC fuel Lo 8eformer + C1C + Aux boller ls expanded ln flrsL sLage expander from 49 kg/cm2 g Lo 23 kg/cm2 g
AfLer expanslonţ Lhe nC Lo C1C and Aux/ P8SC boller are separaLedŦ Cnly Lhe neL flow goes Lo 8eformer flrlng
2ICL Greenf|e|d Iert|||zer pro[ect
Iue| gas Lxpander for G1G ] nkSG and Aux bo||er f|r|ng Ŧ
ÞreheaLlng before Lhe expanders can be meL wlLh Lhe P1AS schemeŦ Cnly addlLlonal heaLer ls
luel gas flow raLe Lo expanders ls based on esLlmaLed normal consumpLlon of fuel gas for C1C/P8SC
and Aux bollerŦ 1wo sLage expanslon ls conslderedŦ AdlabaLlc efflclency of 63Ʒ ls assumedŦ
uescrlpLlon on Lhe Lwo cases sLudled ť
luel gas expander suppller ƍ CryosLarƍ has references of supplylng fuel gas expanders for power generaLlon as low as 200 kW
3Ŧ LÞ SLeam / Any wasLe heaL sLream avallable ln C1C / P8SC paLh can be used as heaLlng medlumŦ
4Ŧ 1sL SLage Lxpander ouLleL ls malnLalned aL 23kg/cm²g whlch ls Lhe supply pressure for C1C
3ŦMÞ SLeam can be used as heaLlng medlumŦ
4Ŧ 1sL SLage Lxpander ouLleL ls malnLalned aL 23kg/cm²g whlch ls Lhe supply pressure for C1C
1Ŧ nC fuel Lo C1C / P8SC and Aux 8oller ls preheaLed Lo 120¨C before LxpanderŦ
Cb[ect|ve
Cb[ecLlve Lo sLudy provlslon of luel gas Lxpander requlremenL by cllenL Ŧ 8efer Lo 1C loL 1ţ polnL 4
8as|s for studyť
1Ŧ nC fuel Lo C1C / P8SC and Aux 8oller ls preheaLed Lo 136¨C before LxpanderŦ
2Ŧ AfLer 1sL sLage expanslon luel Lo C1C exLracLed aL 120¨C and remalnlng luel gas senL Lo 2nd sLage expanderŦ

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