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Japanfis!2I' PhrBiEip._'I:1ItiiO'k.

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'SEm'N G AROU r. D Trains On. 'the Bus ~.Instructions Some·Useful Words - Some Useful Phrases
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Al~,OUNDT1lWN Addresses ~ At tOO 'Post OffiIQ€ At·the Bank Things to gee &. Do ,~Nightlife Emergencies
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IN! THE COUINTRY Animals
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.Some Useful 'Words ._G'rams.eI'. ~ Dates _.=. VOCABULARY 118 .. 0.Japanese Food .F~sUva]ts _...Seafood '..~'~ ~1IfIi"c.. _ Parte of the 9410l TIME '&.Vegetables SO'UplS~' Seasonings ..mlt _. '.F v·· '~S'···om· ..F..FOOD M'8eJtimes ~ Drinks ..! 'c.=' &5 = . Clothes ._ Slhop'pme' .82 HEALTH All... tbe. . "Ie.. ' Some Useful Phrases Seasons At the Cll.' U' '~""·:C. gl E Ivl'eat .lL~~~'Y ._:_. Camera ' At ..."11'l.'~I ~I'I rillt=..~. 'l·i'o. 'DATES.._ Sto:tionery .giea Body .. .. SH'O'PPINIGBargaining Shop ...n.emmt." u~ vV' ~ _..C'iird'. M_~~~l..Quanti ties Some Useful Phrases = ..'TeUing Time. ome Useful Phrases S .U'IC! ood '.

ing Chinese characters (iu1.'!IJ and .h'len 'K'. d .000 Koreans and the lew tbousand Ainu of Hokkaido Island.erg.ep.e· and -speaks. hlave a writing system 0fI.e.ersus au t SI"..ap.yUabary called kan. mosltarrogant of the first wsstern visito. The Japanese language is a m.atakana fo.u.ezyetlm.. "'" 1_ mtlections anc partie 'Ies.riue. T' .• '.. . M'Os.l.](Joo€S.icuIlly homogansous nation 'the only mmo.t m'the Koreans '" J.1 ae the Japanese Thday there are far more foreign businesspeople in Japan than there are Ainu. maze matters even more JIl.anese devised a phonetic s. H'owever. .' 1°1~1 .111 '0 I com plfeeted. sineetl h leyll"'lIUl. " -. .._~. b etW~!. C-h'· "'I.'we 1 many foreigners.Japanese' began us....lntroduction every citizen of Jlipan is an ethnic J.. . the Japanese remain extraordinarils poHte toward visitors.nj:i) between the 5th .r. ht 'I·~.rs to Japan remarke d upon the p oliteness of the J apanese.' ony.:21~ 19""'5'w. ") 1I.rent ka na syUabaries evolved: hiragana.mese. two difEe. tend to be reserved but very friendly and hel pful if you 'break the i.:a "to supplement the ideegraphic Ika:nji "mth .. I..~ U'[oug.oodl9th centnries.apanese 00 1 and 'bearded. group which.'. ores was a . Korean.embe'l' of the TungusicAltaic language... .onbut were pushed into the far north by the Yamato people who we nnw think 0.Huourers.g in Japan are about !600. ' iII.' !IV '"..~P'aIill 1:15SI.Japanese ~A 'v.U Virtually j IVaI .' a-panese v.h" ... ·5' .'~.' t their own" the .!:J1VC: . Even the.. The Japanese.t. includes Mongolian an d. Al..8 ' rounu-eyeu. -:~'.9. Ainu were theoriginal inhabitants of J. Japanese is structurally' quite different from ~ d~'. If!If\.eB. .e_ "D'an' .! l\frlting forsign words. . for writingnative words and k. 'he .Japanese verb :'. ' '~ ''. In the '9th centur:y the J.' -'kg J _ap'anese e'XiC'U!fuve:ness I~ .:u.J1~' . we.hough id ..

a.nt'swill often be approached.eft. .Uy a. 'Leamm.. it is hoped tha.[hnaku i'ku· y6 nil i of foreifpltSl's 'who speak -their language too fl.ffe~'Of help" Th~s:book is de~jgned.se·lquH. little English and M 'bewildered -looking ~ol1teigDe.rB9larcdlin.ne~e is~ how'Bver. by no. New York and ~hky'Q. in. me1U1S a text . ODod luck in yom travels .ULently.pan~e speak. verY BUSPlC'IOUS Althou. Ac1~iQn (John Weatb. wi'tb an o.ppreciate my effon by visitors to use their langu.. to help yO\]! travel independenely and to comm unioate YOll! needs and ideas without offeIlce~]t is.ge pick up a copy' of Jaek..g Japa.tleast 11. . Seward's Japan£'se..t ·thlB book will whet the reader' aappetite to learn more For a:humrQ'DOUS introduction to 'the J·apalle. 1968).efhill 'Ine.g and.3!~fe. they' g.fbr Iearning the complexities of Japane~e grammar.gh some Japanese tend to 106 a. .any Ja.

.I .. verb desu..thIe c 'h""""P'4. U. (4.. if:. mg nsf!!d . : 'I . fT1i'IIb._-.l€ lI.hougb piteh is important in Japanese...orms 0'f' Wll". h't "" so 'lii ' given to evre'ry syllable of a word unless it has.Alt. .. . is."-1[fU·~ W'Blg. llieanllng'tbe' .ovel'iUea·"'f t 0 .haM. . ~ · . ~.It's fairly easy for Engliah speakers.'-' in 'Iot' Vowels appearing inthis book 'With. as anyone who.e'. . ~ in "mae sroni' i' as "u' in '~'tlu' as ¢e' in ~'get' as '0.u. .' ." will . "-.1111 ( '"\ d tm ders t 00· " '. and..are I)t'l . -_iW. d.ly &.. has cm!:1'fus·edkomon (adviser) wit'h JU3mo.. (am. ' _ t "" .. _·se _ . I I II em memorise them. rom. E al '" :. This. d'ione .ouowmg t e pron unoiation gu-'id e '...H... soun d" in W:IC': ease th d t ... a lengthened hi h · fth · vowa . Although it takes some dedication to learn the 2rJOO kanji neeessary to read most J apaness writing.onounced Iong ~ about twice as long as regular vowels .can b.: ~d by-side. ..1'lIe"U'fatlon or t ae souncd is doubled.'II ·ow you to b oe Throughout this phraseboek you.' romaj~. syllaharies (hir~gana and kata:k-ana)ls a useful task . .th"a.". J1.amooUu.~IS '.8a 1 very 1~ttle vanance :m stress.n (anus) can tell YOUi The u~ in 'the common ponte.(1 1:. to pronounce Japanese. a..lllle're 11...~ll.(. all.will find both Japanese int " "t" SCrIP' an d '£'iil.' a " "owes us 'a) in ~fatbe'r:' •u e o as. e~ o~ L a) . 4-. 11!1I "-h " .II" I' . e.Q..:·· . lew ' ays. '111.. hardly pronounced a:..' .1. are) is muted. is a vital difference. si:mp. a bar over them.

..... I hi 1--_.._.17 !W k~..._ y. -t ho~...~ ' r j~ " • I -t! z:e I J:il ..( :it.....0.: I·~' _... I I -:/ d _g..._p41 .__ I ~..J ~.. pe pu _. *~ ......x.. ""< ...Ui '. ~ --. ~ I ~·Y· ::tB ....1J 11 is T 'fi:a .'! :..J2:~ .. ~I po ' ml J./ n "..u 3 tre V01 I) ri' )~ fljl n ~ ....l\ 7:~../ n ..l=lF=~ilt9-1 __ ... . · t: p~ ~_.. . i5'1. I :=1~ . h-=-~+--~+-=h. 4"""" iQ)I!I I gl .1..JI iz ~o. . ~ t! 7~~ 001 ¥ btl bD 'br . /{ 7.f:r 1..\'t' / ft] .

~v i~ if f!' zu I 'ze I rrj' . .! ..gill! tr I ." ga .. ..de .C . ili .: S·~ . ~~:'1 b.Il e ke I ~..). Lsl)li. u- hi I t~· 00 ~~~ IIXI'I b.lI ~~ lbe I I ~ Ipe' Ipil pu . -r ~_o_ 00 tJ"r ~ 9' I :]f c: <gil I <.g.:.~ .a :5Ei - !k~ < ~u tt~ I l.~o 00 ($. ilI~...tll.~' ..g'lit ~UI . ..tp~ k.. . 1\':. ..go I t.

romanised . as in 'saw.:g' it is given a. is pronouneedas kis-saten.h a ~. :for. kissa.1S2:runpllie . following exceptions: 'f CO'Rsonants wbe:r..tly' 10 if a word starts Wlt.~ighter'than 'in EngHsh. as in EngUsb. sound is.ckly i1 . appears l the easiest way to approximete this .Japanese.ten (coffoo' shop). (no'" pronouneed 'With t.ilS. . 'S a.e !l:f' ~ 8'om. 'I' and. of the tongue qui. l_ • romanised J. to purse the' Jips.apanese·it should be pronouaced much in n r touching-the idge just.ne 'tip.lw. an 'I'. the middls of a word it is often nasalised as 'ng' given a morel nasal wood than in 'English when it occurs as. behind the upper front teeth. : •• -" .'h'. s-ound. I "goat In.Consonants are pronounced the same. hard sound as in ~ . somew here between an. = Double oonsenants we pronounced as separate syllables.. with tDe. . a finw eonsonant othe~rwisa like the "n' in.md blow ligh. j • .'etim eg.~ysgivel1 'a hard.

bOUt~ i .aL $'1l..go~you go:!. m. ver b mazes "' b h more IlO I' ann :". .pan~e rely upon the . a: ItUJU.. The ddit.goes. Japanese penchant ~or omitting supesflueus information often leaves the verb clause 3. unnecessary words are om itted from the sent. The 'Verb :is. it) ~. that express. ~] " i .. Verbs remain unchanged. Often thre verb phease ~8all there is·to.'l-. Iked anout.' 4.. ne ''\~'!G'.. the 'b '~l-'ilL!: ? In speech.der a J apanese 'would..ence ~ The Jcll. m!ost im portant part of the sentence.. while in En:.".r' "" ' ik" . .e "JJ!Bten..ohje_et~ Word O..ness 11 . go.ect~verb.say the equivalent of~ 'lj'Ji:TL~. no m.@'F' to fi' gure !Q-11t w h0 IS bei ' ' .~ tmresu can mean"...lisW'n.€!'of a-I apanesesentenee is subject-object-verb In other weeds.. nemg talked .'.'.9. .8.~' (~h.i"!i.Japanese verbs 'take endings. th li eavmg :~.w'many people are! being O'iI.' ':... It '.the.ot" ite d IPol1 it. pclitenees. of t :l. . to e. The Verbs .er to determine the meaning by' context..the word ord... fVI. '1 ." masu.. Th' . "'..o.e would ~a:y': Unlike English" w here the word older is 8u'bj.it 'IL..tter :b.S the entire sentence. sentence. 'we.illt' .r.W h !u'...' ". .a.Hsh w. and t:bey gn.' .

:" I~I .ru.~ma8.' .nmlls1en .. .[~ _ ate doesn't eat td'Z o<ema9€n ta ~...shi a€'9U' Wti rJsu.emashita 'had doesn't have arimashiia (j.~ '.." '9 _.. -.'-~ c .._!U . } . OO'm~mtl8U im. .te ~ M{t$~:£oI'mshave been. ~. .. :..u w:ent l·'k"· .".'ustra 'I· __ .. eat t.fll I~ a_. nomu drlnk drank I~ _ k'ima$hi'ta itiIf. .torariaiin..". FI)I' some examples lof' how they inil~.t month' ~ OOnJ.s'€n.. I" ". . H~ P. ~'d'': ugate verb . used throughout this book..Ill ~:.~i'(lma:. .r.-. '! -m e:""'"8. .oj'jjil!\""'~~~v c.. h) go go pol iite ending . "Tense' section._.i ~ '~' ..v'e.' 18n.. 'Tense 'Verbs only have the..rnlQ:Su.!~a eame past tanse huru K!f.n"""I..Jil fe w ""~mm'.~.tUI\! tense -is indicated.c.:r.a.lIi am~A· .' .ne:mima. ' .a"ma~.."~~tn ~U: ~ _ ~LJf.".I.w.lA.. The 'fu. h"'. c iJ' '.!'\nverbs uu: -~ I!. to have a..ll.see the.th tim.prl~sentand past tenses.a..atf!. .._..le m.rn. .u ..' lr .ex..': ._. todtiDk to U. ..njug.. by the present tense used In combination 'wi.]!·l.jI.' ~ '.'-m"ples 0·1' h.-w .beru eat til-bemasu have . . I . sU .t.rbS:such a's ~n.. to come.fortun:a:tely ror the 'non -native speaker ~eesier '00 ClQ.dW'ating adJ..

'Ui hotens b' y.a:t... verb __ 'I. !i?ii'lf'ii.~a'!1!7 W~<!J. e IV""'t ari..E:~ reolaced ·.n. h-~ma. t.~As in they m. .f.a mT.art. desu Neg. iOfi:'1l iii' 1.~ '" -..J T. .i ding ".. . t· 'h"'C...-. .. .Cl!'h~.-..eplli-ace ..Ad.-.: maSH I speak Jape nese. '. leona hoteru wa y.-'" . :L It..-' _ I d on.masen added.a8uku ..p.Sen.~: ..iiI"Y"om.:: :-.olt-·.U)'.iaJUl d' _. are) wit-b d'ewlfl.. I am AusbB. :ills taken 'by all verbs other than tiesu..$U .~ I am not A'Urs:tralian ~ " "..ri' 1-' .to}a .djiy~Thus: Engliish.. .t:h: ne ·g._-l' 'w-'a ntr.jI·~'G .w... ···"swa ar.'~. r. . I~..masen .'G.atives.. scmetimes. In infQtmalJ apanese..u. 3' To make most statements neg3th~e..c'h.mas.. .en " wata~ h" w'U osutorar.. _!. f G "'~y'G~.r.ari'. = . ba 'In'.IUm.by replacing the Slt ending with Th@. . e:ndwJg" 'which.~-'~~ J' .fi. is. 'il'lli"i.peaA-. '1-' Neg:ati..'. .""-' WI!l_!ll5 .U].Jecr/'Iles . adj-ectives (and adverbs) precede the words yas.'''_Q_ '.. ean 'be made neg~tiv'e. .anas.J. . Thus: ..1iJIi.o.hl-Ie ·~.f ~nUl. sen.-" ...m': .desu (am.iaji.S.t.o .!>.maS~J'l. ' '.LJ.t" ~. " contrac t-ed.~!L!! 0' ~ U L · .ari'ma.-.aSm w..r.v'B ..tU!.Y--.' .. I a.".' 'k':l ~ """ g"!j.RJ1J!H >'" .. wfJttu~hiwa l(j:s'Utora.w n.. Wt.Ii.I'.l.~.. £i.

'Ig.~ 'For m:o.t.re specific questions 'the' foUowing question WOlds ale used: 'whp donate (polite.iI"b: III i"'f'i!lILl'1I!C" .:mnly' iOI...!L I .?)' ·ow IS 1:.: .l~J!.. '.J.no :(~.' d.(J dochirn (polite) one ]s ". Q.ka . . and nani before others na.b~ P'.SU J Ho w" m an y' ..U.IUI_ th··~ P <:!iI-I' clt.Ald' . .~ JOC1o~ji k''''' ~ _-'. cheap' hotel.~ V' .~e~. desu.n* where when d... :It! 'n ·JI'1I.t. r~ z. 'wh.. '.~~~.e'n ~.cBte! a yes or . d~ t~n.4ftb~.. . hotel l' kart? ruo yasui' ha teru des u hore wa yasui ho'teru desu ktf.r".i'h t eat na.ue. c·.' which dare (informal] wh~)are you? d'ona:ta'de~u ka? b W len. I~~- _I!po' ...you going'? l..tions' A.utsu How mneh ikura 'Why . .tion. I' ihimasu...~ II I Ques. "':t_ dor:e (informal) W..o'!'. ka?' .~deus k:a? I.:.. .?e .-·~_ 1I.' £Ij. ·thjs.Kll~!!I Thllis is a..nnn beioir€·.s. Is.8.t'h: ~ ." ik.r-"'" Uv ~1'1~~" ~ ~!t:(r~. r: .ka? h is it? '\t W h att S Iit l~~r. how m uch 'i:s it?' - ikura dests ka? $.!i k'a "". au cheap.~" nan~ i dDRa i:tsu how where is it? dfJ}u.t the end ·ofa sentenC!~ mdi.'S.

.I'm I . ".~.iI. J'apaneae .! .llJ!'e' obvious from the context.ftrr 'it''and that tb. to indicate pl urality..• "1 I • I .:.en."....~-~.. . 'Th!ey are often.y." • '" . omitted if theY'. . "If.th'e V€'Jr'b~' ~ -"t'her' €db :.~ . tbsl poUte.B'...OW..' i quesfion. . to pronouns when talking 'about ethers Note the Japanese have no word. " '. L'me ~ ~~ - you j .-.u.. '..aetm..:tororiaj:i'n desu..t..taJlushi.<'lilt person.d[ (.lU~i.Mll. .added 'to a. the ·~dig'h.1!9'·' Pronoune 'I.ta:k Ut')hi tcu.~youcan 'e.~ 'when yon me. ~~eJ. J!. '. I'm Au'st:f'alitm. . pronouns 'be' (karle') M.I ye..an'? anata wa C$sutorariajin desu ka?' Yes.'IGi~ ".. the i To sa .' ~ I '. j·j' but no" '!Ul.e. suffix wa. '\Vb.'. . 'I1JJLd. You \ViU also hear the less empha.'..Uy Iess fbn:r.speaking of people thesuffix tflchi' can be .shi he she (tha t person) W€'~ us YO{U.ely to: h6'Sl)" and USE3. mter. 'm.. OSu.l. .hi o::nnhirota. Are you A'l1Jlstrali.... . Also.§..e.' .Add.ti!c ee. Personal 'Pronouns aren't used.s.no tbey (those pe'l8ons) (plural) hit'f) iW'Ia.! you are' more Ilk. although the word! for' 1~1~ romanissd as 'is wa.e.~".Il 10 .'.hi ana fa ta. PX-O:l1DUD.untLrru!s.nln. - I I .• '.g '.sh." Bay·:00'~ or·h" . .jl (kanojo) are more often tbam ~ ' not repla eed bY' .1. a.~ hili.g'wJlth.··.'.anrl:t.'. f 0'It.chi .. I .:i.he.c.I~a.'!Ai'PM1" OVA .w~:tash:. y.:y es' r::u . . .e:n .. as often in Japanese as :in :Engli..Q_ wa taku._ ·w.I " .

e. that/those (far from you) tbere {far from you) .0 {.ko asaka ~apanese nouns don't indicate number.k uds Can. k rerer Demonmrttjves that/those t( elese to you) belle there (close 00 you) . .II:Jout ..1~" 11. pronouns.U'. ~19.L'"'.ns .." Pronouns biegmnmg 'that place' close to the person you are addressing. i "Ii..ng' at a distance from both.ne " people. place~." maJor exeeption is 'Wh en speasmg B. and listene-r" this/these: t... sre being s .~ or ~th· h t_1SI!J. proneuns 'beginning with 80 reter' to '~thattbmg~or ith .. beginning with a refer to 'that place' OT 'that tb. restaurant'.sore are hor« ~(Jko '8o.0 i!: wi: . shQ.\. ' . lk d a b'out. . 'the restaurant' ~or" res.re8tauran:t .taman ts''" The listener 'hal'Sto use con t. See the 'Pronouns' seetion. T-iii. NO..rHmj. speaker.i. ta .sxt to guess how many . mean 'a.." .

...Ies follow.... no .1..• 00 tte .tak~'hi: wa OsutfJrari'ajin des u I wa AU8tr'~lian am".. . .".Japanese ~ .' ~ to. . • gz:n".~o....• .'. ~ '1!.. 00 . Inside the station insid:e the sta. no I~. MIa In .hita ni · . _ . phrases in.. ~. ._ . ~. indi-c~tes tbat the --"-.e particle wa indieatee that the preceding noun is the s'ub.":\ "'. _.jiectof the sentenee: I am..~IL)'~u .'''' i~ bellind beside . • . basieally.. .enr mae nl .tion ~Pllos"ite the bank.-.-.rr-s."''. 11"..-. !OL6 ~ 11_. .i a a '++' •••• ' 1W ~.' .. Ue. --. . nt . partielse a ttach themselves to words and. . f'-'" -"t. order.~ n" m.uont Inside outside nn.d[. .~D • i'~'lhli •• Ii II~ . no Ps'. Australien ~ . opposite ..ro..I!1!FiI ~i"ir ..-'.rti'c. '... .naka ni ...PI.. t-o' indi'cate the relationship of the preceding word to the word or words 'that " TIl.conid noun....wa.. . placed between nouns...soba n~ _._ .n~ -"" '."no s...S! number of..uko ni D aka ni k L.. f... '-.Grammar 17' above ·.' -'. no The particle no.na :mU~6 nl a. . .an.ekru..• . .'L. '. :.~t.)long$ st!...

~. D' on 't W ' Ie.'~ 0 hanashimasu..'~..~ .. Is.' ~.at.mas. _0 . he particle ni indicatea location: 'h '.w. sun de imasu ei Japan ni' live.akushi wa nihongQ I wa Japanese o I speak Japanese.r.! :~I i..'onoura':'b 1 "''" .x. is the object of the sentence: .. m .t..ry...ge.n~. de . is my luggage.. L.u des'll This lOa I no mugga. of ..0 o ~.urv.genkidesu ka? o health is ka '2 ni . [J 8p eak.. Note that this ~s different to the o used as a polite prefi.e ~ . 01 A word follows d by 0. location: Japml de travel doing am . ". h h i 'e add the o when speaking of your own situation. The particle.u .d:e indicates activity i:n a.IS Grammar This.on n..'· IS'th" eq.tftent 0 saymg ~h'.()Ni(J sr t te ~. hi · niriun d e . . hore wa watakushi no ni mots..

J."". . Japan kara Chin. Uh your stay in J apan..n hara chukoR U .a. .:r.Japan to e~hit1.n. CIt.~t n! Q:51M '~iI§t ..· niho.e The particle e indicates movement to'Wa:MS a p]ace': I'm going to Japaa. l~beyare not actually words. e . ::r.e .nirUJn ..no doubt often hear tbe words a:no and €tt) during Japaness equivalents of the English 'uh'~ ano~ wakarimasen ero.".1...f.It' ~ .. but the.I.e:. H':i' .a.oil!iln 0 'Or..n ~ r I ~"~I"'Y>~'.. .n.n .go. sumi ma6'€'. yo~ will.~ '" - kam The particle kar(l indicates movement away from a ptaoe:: rm :go~ng' 'from .

Cj.use them Iiberally.· C.shoWd addressed as. Dazo can.y. Most -Iapaneee have a two-part name consisting cf .rmls of .ting Someone"s Attent'ion ~'iI need to attract someone' s attention.iga to goza£ m.atd tJfJz. A person..r-JJ''I\jf~' e. ]I you 'II since many Japanese switch. .·.. 'j Fo'. the order' 'to accommodate fof'teigners. . to 'preface your question 'with this expression.. approac h' . Do not address acquaizrtances by their given names. . A r..a.20 . V BIy important words in Ja. The title s-amu serves the saID:B J.f·~l\. such as mvitnlg' someone to be seated or to entar a. san hut is more formal. be used in situations.9.rigat~' and is often used in eonjunction Attr:a1c._1 TbJ apaneseequrvajento t.e~'re.ess be address is reserved as ameans of' showing respect to others.' iVU:.Add.~it is best to ask which is the familyname if you are unsure. 18 sumunasen. doorway before you. iii . B e. wa tana be-sa n '. or lM"'"'·'··· 18 sen. attention wtt h go. ..men k d ·:u _'asa~'...Q. name in writing 01' speech. Never refer to YOUls:elfl)r anY'one in YOW" im mediate family as . Tr.family Dame and a given name..a:U for. nsf] all-purpose poli te suffix that should b e added on to 'the family name. t san .panes€. shops it is possible to IC'.".VI. but" 'with domo . ~san as this ~ .. "... In. equivalent .' are d(jzo (please) and a"rig. ~'.the family name precedes the gtveD. whose family name is WataI1abr~l. fJ~ "excuse me . the -Iapanese f' ~ • ..IVI I'!!!ities III III .k you) _.adi't:ionall.i'ma..mg someone for assistance of allY kind it is polite. purpose at.SU can be shortened to Q..~u (thWl.

'...J...!J!.There is no need to res-pond.. r in J' 1I'lio'!n Ra'the~!" Japanese 'use-.>e homes.. ---~. lifts is..{limasu Good afternoon.s number of expressions wh. "'i" fl.c.. Good evening" no nmehasn .am.. 4) .w_Q. ~ Hello (on th~ telephone) moshi moshi ti ~ ~.B.en 'm. vvru..L.~ :T-h'mIlO" ~'C!I'l all.".!Ilo· G-0. ":) 1"'.. 'm'}1~lrnlF!iiC~. -.. ---.--~-...fjG An important gl'eet~ngyou.. the Japanese have a .dttferB.. l I~.i' aeeompanies hls/her introduction with ~ .-_n&.. _. 'hlIlw .. irasshai ma~e {welcome) '..vil:ities :21 Greefings _ ~!... eve-n.fl!! .c'hcorrespond roughly 'tOI the: English expressions 'how' do you do' and 'pleased to meet you:~ The spealrn.ings &.\~Il~D'u i 0 id .i-..--.e9.leetmg' for' the rust time.tlt times of. M'eeting People '\Vb.11'1. Ci. wile. shops..1 ttL..t" 1..-."..IE .tllju' ~~Ift:~ft ._ momtina oha.yd .. the day: II!ltIOn ~'O . restaurants. you ent~ Jap8n.. number O'f different expressions at the ...goz..hear..Gr-eet. f(ionUanwa L".c:~ w--' ord .~ y~.._~ --.' ~-~~.i.. Wale.!Ii. bow .

How do you do. for several days: How are you? o.ik [f. .~i. 11/ tj: GOD db yes .genki desu.~~. t..:0 'Vli"': (}7" tr ~ ~... "d' . ain.tliJ{~) L *-r ·Japanese has a greeting that is the equivalent of '(bow ·are you?' but it is used fHI' less frequently than in ·Englis. bave not ..of < .'U Dneca~s. t ~ ~ l) T' J:.iJ~memas'. J:~.:.~ . 1:P f. (r. I If you have to break off a conversation or take your leave from company. L . made .kagles.'. the polite thing to say is: .. c: v do.of f:j i) ~ "" . ~ ~~ (name) g.I..~ .kaga desu ka?' ~~an (' 'Wtl tt~~_.ka! How are :you'? (formal) ~7t.I~ "1. you 'should only a.ok_igen W'{l i.c.f3 tJ) tf ~.seen the..S ~ .' .yoros-h.·-t·l~ ~) t .nnasu .'!I See vou iater/ag. '00'. .~~"f'1-7J~ Fine.()yor-oshik u . * 7j ~ Ii iii ~. .(j.tfJ 26 * < L'Z C -5 .h~ As a general rule.so'm'oone if you.h"~te·"o. e . ·•• . h" h (]}tmenms." ..G" "' .-tf. ' 'h" yorDs hOOk . ja mota .()..h"t te ddz'o : How do you do...'~ra Pleased 'to meet you."". - 'b' ··Y·. and you? o.L. ~. ~i ct). . 8'ay6'nara Goodnight.6L-< J:.ep~y) k(Js.

waa:r. or 'wben parting with.' • people -_ ~ . «G'. More polite is.ressThon 'Of' gratitude for A"'"'m.n(J .Piul}~sehas a 'number of wa:y'~of expressing' gra:titude the i~imple.. tcnshJta 'mono . you. Civiliti'es haji.~ lea 'nothing special.. 10000.plpy to m:t1'et.[li maBlt.' ~ .~ma8en ~ ga~ d. d~..~*L L '£""t Th.~ ~tt....".im~u. t~~l: ~j:. laiVOUEB a. ~ y..If.tJ·~t: ~ g ~'~'l.Il~~ [~l.._r mueh . Th ank you . .. 'friends In formal situat4m~ the reeei vel often un \\Ta:ps·the gift when the giVIBf has left. th. t..mashite .'ozo tstLtmaranai mono de8'U c5i: ? ::.._.. !.. ®.ill .~ ~ri.i~as~ c oj t ..! 0.! 'iIlIt!' ~~. t: ~! c- ~ IIj .kin'9 ..7n€.a Vl t: ~ L ~ -r Ja. I~-v .an'.. You will often here the two. I Sifts <p Il! " ~.U 'C'A"i'" . vw m"..\ far 15" ~ fJ'~. ~-: m·~t't:!· ~U. ·an· '.. _'.t: ·0' fJ.l·:-!I~~ 'iliYPli"r.· ~.O 1~v..J·op.-.g' ~ .1.' . Please accept this gift.Oi'jil'!i"~.' m b-a. expressiees piled on top of each other dama arigat(J l! j) gO'Z.:'I:'~i..Peop'.h ..···..('!j·n· ~ .sltof wbi. Orhs'.~ I~ e'~p.e expression ftriga:uI gf)zrt.!l.t~~~..ch bein arnno I(thanks).'e .

':>n'. . .#. ..i&i!'t ~~ or...."~~ j\ ~'~~:t rr'~ ~1 san.I n"'.~J'"~'i'j'].hingJ onegui ..Il .n .v ~ j f.ma$en ~tt A .'. understand. ~..n * 9' iI i'riII ~-tt~ T.J:.. '...~.wlr].~.masu ~.'.u ~ -.~( welcome...j v~1: !. Jq ~: .Pi nt' [ don jt. 1"1' .e.e8Se· . . .~M~~~M.. 'Ye~~ ~iie hai ~il ) 'You'r. .·Y-Q'11r..de--ft--d _~-l'!Si t9in'....'.o< .:8 Iv 'Z...~ '::II No. ' L· '4.i~s.un..O) ~ Be careful.f: e i) t({- ]". Please. I' m so·r.:}.do :Uashi....t.smm(L'S.f.'....J l' ::i::'-±-' V.i".It'o 1iA1f.. T . I'li':.pr&BeD'ting something) d:fizo. ~ ~.men n~aS'ai De you understand? : ::? w .u .rY'~ •.m..·· es. · '.'..ri.. Excuse me.'"~.d: .. wakarimasen I c .J. 1.go.mashi"te. sumi.'.... " d {{DC (~~rn . (w hen Asldn:g fen: som...unI. 'C -~'lj"£ -T* ~l ~ t:"_)n.!. '[. z.On) ~ ~J.. (when ."i. . . l:M. ~~.. .!. 0 I..J g: L.ka.P~.j. .

YOW" camera.ono m~.me). l"U:s: you 'Wbe.3 SIt.hel pful will often overooma their reserve.re ale you from? dochira kara anata wa gakusei desu kn~ de . "One of the most effective Icehreekers 'YOU IMD. h. .Japanese (and vice versa] is to ask them -to take your picture your camera and then at your nose.Although most Japanese are reluctant 'to try out their Eng jsh O. bowing! and .. and point at fOUOIW expleratory chit-chat if you ..k-e to be in front of something.situ..Y? kYlaka des'.kat 25 . in much smiling. the picture taking with any of the following questions: .") 'I'hia in.v. -. "Otto nuo kga orfma-su "Ita? irashaima·&hita .olida. anything. l(the w. use to meet . smile and say ~umima8en (excuse..~ Are you on..ation 'with a foreigner ~theil'del.ay Japanese signify '~me.en -. - Outs~d.r.t? .aria:bly results.t' risk an emhlrr1a8sing . .uka i' H.U .3lve you been here before? ·'k to mae n~.j. APPloatlc~h them 'with..e cosmopolitan 11h~yOf don ~t be surprised to be approached by college-aged -Iapaneae or young 8rlrarimen (salarymen) wanting to :strikle up a con ve sation.A .

.Of screamed by suql.·rms (others') chichi' otosa.y' he murmured by passers-by. .~ by. J.. .". ~.~1. S peeialrespeet words are used when S.P eaking of anothes person.. s relati ves ~ father (one/ s own] fami'ly T.26 Smail TaJk Threigners are SOl common in Tokyo. however...i' ~ .J1.. perecna : amn such as lV!r~Mrs.a. . and. 'someone.rised If you 'wish to beckon to. or Miss~ i'1J. Kobe. .. . few heads. you may turn a. p ~ . t ion but also by vocabulary ~There 'are different words f1:lf 'what is YOUlS and what is another's. n zreee ~_"3: ..A.n .b AI--.ya..to.' motortsts .Japan and is..L . espressed not only by 8. l.:: fv . Outside these major cities. Kyoto that you probably won't attract a second glance in these. gesture with the palm 'facing'down and the fingers flnt'tering' up and down ~ never 'bec. equal magnitude to address someone 'by their' gl¥en name he f-' :'~Iy ~m/"J. 'i"I . 1 Wo.kon or point with one fing.1C..er~ It would be a faux pas of .. The . ~~ ~."&_'Q-~__' B Modesty is at great virtue ro.a tit..J. Oeaka....gc#iin..~F::. m. g~.Japanese word :fOI" foreigner" .rf.to. d -d. cities. use: .

it"s.!' .e is .Small Talk 27 mother . . ~ old are you? o·~£kuts'U desu ktl? (00 children) (to adults) Please repeat that.. ~±)\ (others') I(others') (one's own) shujin goshu.?l do'chir'(l.·wh'e're are you going.. Teply such as.t .. 'just down tha street' is M eeti ngl Peop~e 0..Mn desu. what 'company 'You.. husband wife (one's own) (others") haha If): ok{ls. l· · acquamt anc€ you b' rump into says .. nama. gi ve an explanation .. My nam. Incidentally.t(Jrt :. if an '.jin tsuma okusan otomodachi (one's own) friend Abolut Yours'slf Expect to be asked questions about your age.L ~::} . mij ichide iue kudas'U"i nansai des u ku·? . wo· .sm:~.'work f!orj and bow many children you have ..Learn :8 few phrases that ten otbe s about yourself...e'?·. May....e' .a. I ask HO'w ViR].. a common gl'leeting andyou aren't expected to polite. ka? u" ••••• name? namae wa " .. desu.

n I.8uk a i uUSID-eBs.u hi tori . * 9-'71) ...n IL..(J:towa nojz tJ'e'S'U ka ? ti i±:t: ~ .l.. . A '-)' ..'!! wa tak-whi wa~ l! !13 Occup\gdans What is YOU_f' occupation'?' ..ma~.m aJ.. tutart~ ~mas:u . 6-.dren? akosan. L. '±" -cir :OC:t:l~'r ~.b f ~ v1"£:-t.e L . ~1 ~ct" 1 ..: ..f.'~' t'-1-.. deeu . '''''7 -'"".i"!. ". iLJ...-11-:. .lS11!...geij ut.....ga irassOOimtMU ka? No.! . . one' tWOI H~'il ~m-dlrSe I1l:Gu.1.... .."_"..-.r.V1eany cbil.-- .. ..as'U.:~~LZ' 1. m"w u "'r v .im.o. ..til tlUrL. ' .W . .d'aiJ. Yes .shig..3Ii Do you ]:1a.u bijines~uma.. ~a~ .r 'It..." three.......t.pe::tson carpenter .!p I~ ?t~ ~< fj t..nmn ~masu: i... ! I III~ ~ r:: 9'" ..g./ ....sa.

t k x r~ :7 ff{ 1J 'r l) .....yo k{l..eistl tS'uka-n post offi.. .ky6shi' u<!:itd ~'~ffi' r) _I .ce worket secretary hisno haita:tlSu.... ..••••.~ . I~ }(j"nari~uto police officer ya bin IJleng'05-hl k. . ~.=*-. ·watakushi .ton:':r..•.. -Yr .tuden.j.~:.. Buddhist vukkyfJ' WeI.1' 19'- waitress .Chr . fL ~.. .5:u rJ'_I~ r [!II II!IJ t.Small Thlk 29 doctor' hairdresser ifJha jtQumalist· lawyer ll'~yds'hi '.ue.~ ~.in f~~~~G~)\ ~l\~ ~-)+~ ~.usei teacher waiter . :~.".~.! (. 'R ell i:g'ion I a:m .1 .~.'""" i .I l...'~~.') A OJ.~ deeu..--U3IIlr]an 1L"~ ~ 1) Catholic k:irisuto kyo .t gak.7.itore.

1-':1'. I) '7 kanada _.d .Jems.L~ ~ .HW' 1 .Lmashi" '·t.itQu ~~ 1~ .1 Holland [uransu. :' a Ft:./.(!.~n.yuaaya kyo .h..~ -\.t» L.1]': '. ora nd a Italy itart India . .-:.~ *~7~ ~7 jJ 1.~ 1A7'k$k.Mus-lim. DD'Il. oeutorasio berugi -. Australia.IU I' Belgium C "ana. ".m ark ~. ._:t . f(.ezra ~ ~.muramu k_yo .-"".. Nalla aUty' W1bere are you from? do:L.:. .t I) - 1/"f": Ireland ciruraruio nikon 71 JlV7 Y r~ Zealand ~* nytl)trando .nmaku Germ.. de. .-. k" .. d at '" ~".9~' c' t» ~*~L tz..' .'0 Jap1an N. ..any T/ -:--1'-:)' France ao.

ka.~~)~t.~"'f'. Sweden sueaen Swit'z.:.ul. "~i&..!l Talk .ts'Ukare..b~ic"T ko.U--r~~'I.fL tt uata lo.31 Soviet Union. 1=¥~)A 77 :I} tJ :.hi ni silex rrutyoi mash ita iii t:. ....MshU: des u nemui desu L L)~T sleepy scared 'lest ..~~ /~ '''''7 iF..t~ .ta happy' lln~ L t: ?i it L.ri8u US·~' _.z-1J1.erbmd suis:u UK ._.mashi'..'. tired .wai' desu..4 - ~ .. ~ .i'li' ~·~"II •• i iii ii'il i I!I _..~gi..as~. ):" /- . '* ~ t: by'OJd d'e'S'U· .br ·A '''/ ..". Vl \:"9 tpt4 savd ures'hii de:rSu.~~ soren· ·"l.l.:.8ma. rni't..l1l Fee·lings I am "~.

. .\~1.f3 L ~t 1.I . . .a kaw'akimashitn .~ w. l_. w. .-I~ . *T 1J~ ' fijJi ~.'-!./~ .t:). otearai .. _. going? anata w'o._ . Som's Use'ful Phrases Wher~' are you. . .·tmasu h'.? nanik·a 1nond'ai ga ari ma.. ".. ~(' 1.!.. ~ :6 tJ.:C. £ L ~iJ~ .igo 0 hanashimosu ka? \¥hat did you say?' nani 0 osllaimashita ka? don't kno -~ I U!.wa doko desu ka..: '.waka rimaeen Nn. ~~ ne b Ipl ~0 ~ttA. '.I ... ip iJ-i"9 ~~£.: . ~ pjjj 'M-' ~n 7t"~~.r.? ~nttfij c l.~._.!tl~.E' "...am~ .s.(1. hai W'hat s ths rna tw. " fA 0) . r~ ~p.u k.~ ~t~\ t1 C :: l:r~ \Vbat ]:S this caned? k ore wa nan to i':i mflS u ka. doko ni ~'k-.. flO' ••..£'9'tp..at. '.. /t~i:_j I ..~ Where is the restroom? Yes .~'·.? .' £.I-....\ r. f ~..a8ukimashita. O)~~tJd~)b~£ u t: Lt.? j ~j:~) ViJ tJ'jr~9'~'tJ{ &5 ~ "* t tp -r'.. Do you speak Engli8h? ·e. (:l:~j~~.~ i . •..lJ.ak ushi hungry' onaha g.~rJ\ . thirsty nodo g..

Travellers have a choice between 'western~styl€ hotels or J'apanooe, inns as well ,as a wide range of priees. Count on finding 'E.n:gUsh.. sp!eak.ing staff only.ae the Im.g"el'!and -ID'fJ,re ;
expensive hotels. and inns ~ ]nO,r. a. taste of tra vel ,Japanese styliiE'! try ,0, Japanese' ry:okan or' a ,minshuk:u. The ,ryDkan is the' traditional up-market 'inn, that westerners generaUy- 'picture when they t'hiok of a

Japanese house f}r inn. These, ere the inns, with sliding doors) kim,on,o- Glad ladies, ,Ilnd reed mat. (to; ~nmi) t1Q:D'rn. The maid. lays out yOUI bedl (/uU) n} and brings meals to your loom -,,deli ghtfUl touches hut ones for whick you will pay dear ly~ Budglet travellers go for th,e legs elaborate family-operated Th ~service l'C'!'Ii"JII't. 'Ililm.,iJ, - .. ~ feed Q~'" .. ~.~I~~IU. the .l.ru. ; _" ';El"n' it· m-:-j''H ~'h' as good as :in a ryoka.n but the room rates ale quite Q t d' th hoi · com fort 0"1IS,. '. IU~SS ·.0 DO,8,lVe a C O:U:B, over th' e menu III orta I. 1L. f' Inn ~, accept W',t~.t 'U~ serve:;", '.' mfns'\~UN'U · L _." '. d A" . :[., !.. emtu,er type 10 usuBUy .~e.a:turesa" common dining area and ,8, :set.m.'ea.ltime~ S,~"', '/!'" .:. ~:... ' ar,e ,so'm,e,.' mes " trnne sd a -.--,fro: - lJ{) ,t'h"~ype~ ,nlO€.lOf'e:lgD,@'lS, . ..... , .. 'li'I'~.. - . " , away l:Um ... of ,Japanese inns, i t i~,best to make r,eserv:a:tion$ through a tourist infhrm,3\tion 0510'13:. Hotel. and inn hills me] ude a service charge. 'Tip!p,ing is. not necessary but is aecepta ble II€,xtra.IQ,rdinary service 'hBSboon provided
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hoteru inn lock ..~.bathroom fan V'.' 0 tea ..l ~..ga.. .ILLII.• some lee 'II·d·' ··e~'"'••• '. benjo . ro • ~'~II'~ hotel ff 11"..oOHp...akema.oeM iitad'. )'~ Tv <-Jc . hosns: no ·l:. *~ ®t-mr ~:PfT to-il. .lunch ...}(Jmae . :f3~_~ .. Yy'O.- kari May I have.*)~ 7J< .~~ Iik -...et [ w·_ '--.tearai ..!k.."~ [tiC' " ...:\.s. ~"? "'" '""""".hoku . ~.fu taoru . '0' ~I'" ..ehllshoku .. ..e'su E.t.n. ...) -."" .1 .. '"""".".J..r:.Ii...u no ? a menu breakfast menyu c"lvJs..·J ..a hii d blanket towel rtu!J.ka..

I[J· hot water ~w . .. !I/'t '~1"-'~-1j..n clean ~-T" a-.reibtj' ash ray chair . bill · o ehimnsu..L1.Accommodation 37 suppee fdimu!~r) '" J''''-: "'" if.t-J~ key oyu ka.(.0.tt~1 .g_i latlIndiry seniaku .nai . rJV~ expensive heating I J ~..~· ~H ·the.anJO' 0 m negtn~ Som e Useful Wo rdsl air-conditioning . tokai tiar:11.k ...)!f. .k....iJ-T/ kita. 0.a te..!$U haizara ?J<illl dUty door to' kirei cu tain .

11f1 ashita Et tqm.n towel taoru soap' n.. A.OIT'OW morning asu no asa rom 8 O)~ . ~ 'oowspape'r ]'lOll. 7 midday hiru tomorrow 1& .li.sy shin-bun .ekk€. ~T~' mahura sleep (v) pillow yak-a mashi: s.emuru stay (V)I taizai suru Hit G' fmtE--tG ii' "? t+ A 5" ~~ )L-- " Lm.Q.ht bulb rmrror kagami d'enkyu.

ge.e ku..this e. ~~I~ 1 'button Doten ci~eaf:i.0 a zuka·tpe.~. you until. gog.!r ~ (f.Aecommodation C·m.u shit-a 7' I) ~~.dry blouse . ka? You 0 o'~.? U'i ii~ 39 it!€-il'o.v'eni:~g trf~ A 10#.$cdma:stt.".:I leave my stuff with.gai ihirrnisu.. t: . . =t I~ kon. j' '7ViI' .. .At· !.e.rtJ .8.&.n.he . '.? r .8J.la'un.~. .:l!...made' wa:tashi no ni m·o..t 7 L. 8uru .hn~...ft·emoo D r .t me . taxi? . ~..brtn Could I have the bill? if} Would kunjG takushi 0 yond.da.ed ku:rin~·ng.. )\'/7:J'T~'7 handkerchief hankachffu 'pants ironed airon shitn zubor: l]r~SS'(v) puresu.ke ma8'~ ka?' 'this .

"-""':.. shitagi" chakk..r' astdt« iri .natnt Can you mend this. ~?:~~ tilt[ i 'if _JtJ:. So'ma Useflul Ph rases Is there a laundry nearby'? . kytJ irimasu . h "...u an m~"".'? hore ..(p ~1-c'T ~'\ ~ .u..0 tsuhur« ne itadake masu k. 0 ka. ems.'pullover puru.L k"' s'€ntc~uyla wa c· "lft. iL.at~J.fl ~.' -.-n) &8 7.i < t:= {b ~(o) '* ~r~~~...ke te kudaso: I need it tommorrow L: .a. ? 1y~'/ 8..'ll "_. Preese iron ... 6ba shirt 'k- .I.').shita underwear ZIpper- so-cks suktito A.~ k' a~ I need it today.CL f "II '.--~ '*' 9:1:r~ 7~ < IS ?~ tr ~ i: 1: tr 0 / ~ .t...8h. m. wai.~ a:iro n.nrt kut« u.'~j <_~ .tJ-~ < """?r' L t::-~' ..

the door.g a taxi ou t of one of the entertainment districts late . su b . the world . and it may he necessary to hold up..panese ~H you gist lost . to final and point to your destination IOn the map. OOu '. Taxis can be hailed anywhere.ways. Long-distance train tickets must be.y . Obtain a subway route mtlllp with the stations written :inboth English and J a.M quick y get you to aIli. just Ion:' for a J apanese person Wh' doean .JI.e the metered fare. Subway tickets and short-distance train tickets are sold from tieket machines at the stations. Japan has one of 'the best public. they're quickie!' 'and cheaper than the taxis. Getting' around is e'. metered. seem to b in 8. .'You should have no need of a private car s\uj[l~e . pronounce the name of your destination.t taxi stands. but are most le41sil.. . Everyone is trying' 'tofind lao taxi. coroler' of tbe DPU~.at night '\Yin be difficul t. transportation systems. •. purchased at ticket windows. '.. t~'Xi&l~nuaes. you can. '0 t -e' burry (hard.01ways. J apanese are invariahly very helpful 00 disoriented foreigners..y. Unlike the OJ I 41 . aut fur the automatic doors on taxis. Watch. Subway lines are colour coded and most stations have a route map with romanised names posted near the tIcket vendors.ay 'if... k -. in. two or three fingers to indicate "that you are willing to pay double or tJipl. don ~t tr..y ·"to bargain for taxis (except for occasional long.e. Use the . Otherwise. Stand bRICk .subways in Tokyo and Osaka. are .. in.try..'.. Findin.rams C.and let the driver open and close . t ~ ~kl ..distance 'taxi trips) Taxis. found in bout of hotels or s.

·wa itsu d'€SU k'fl? • ~. basu. and the hihori which zips past the lesser stations .•. stop eki kak'o ticket offioe kippu urib« SUbWBlY station chi'kat...etsu no eki When. .gl.~ 1-:. although leg-room may be a problem for tall passengers.e ate two types: the' hodam a which makes frequent stops. •• airport ....uj\(J i . If you take one of the super-speedy bullet trai ns (shbJkansen} he aware tha ther. is the . 1:'~' first n~ tsugi no loot saishu..hihatsu -hJ..} \ A.. bus? ~ .? ~ w'a doho dests ka? ••• ~u ••· train station bus. Simply Mite down your destination and show it to the ticket seller.. subw'ays~ train stations usually do Dot have a romanised Wh~r... ~:J:.~'... ..( ~07t (kG) ~*t ..e is the . r. From town to town you can also go by bus.version of the train system posted. . Buses are aUIconditioned and comfortable.basu t:eiry. .. next s....

there is quite a wiQle: range ef choices. 1f-! . You will see tbe following kinds 'Of train: bullet tra.. depending On how fa~t and how comfortable you would like.ka. first class reserved gurinsha shi.kyt:ikb tuua Local train fares represent a base to which additional amounts are added in keeping with the speed! and comfort of the train you are travelling on. 'tokya Trains limited express ordinary express local trains .q: nn i:k:". .as~.If you are travelling long distance by train.shin.teiseki 7~1)~/.in. your trip·to be.nsen.~~ ~ unreserved jiy.ki .

!LlC' . Subway l.on.: !C. ko~'? . Single. da ...~ mad€!ihura desuka? ." .wn arimusu ka? ~ a~ ~j:~ as ~ £ 91:.s t a-'t··.••• "" Return.. ? ·. .ga arimasu .'!Il' do" . hi" k··a..'.."" i i ••• ~ ts.~ ~.) On the lira~ n . desu.·" " !. W'U L.~ y:~..uy a rae e on.."..:.' ••••• .masu sa: · .t~mu.f[I!. doko de hoe masu. " " " • ~ (j). .1: 7::' t~) I!I < l:.'? the . \VheJ'le are 'we now? .hizu ..."' ~ufi~ ID I.:. • ! q • _.'0.j: ~ '.I.kit? eigo .' ! ~ ~!.n/'~1CL. you have. r••"..no chi'katetsu. ne ._ .".· lb'·-:··~..!U.· ? Do@s th18 t ram go to . eha ?' W-:-h·. no _...i 2: ~ C J1l.' .Bluyi no Tickets Wh. . -.·. no .~~ norikaemae u ka? ir~it £" -t tJ~ -..! . . ill 73'9 tJ~.~. .y ~ ttJjitsuken ....t 91J'~ * .ima doh'(J desu ka? '00.e'r·ecan I buy a ticket • • m .. an EngUsh 'Subway map? ~n'the.r"" e w~ d'oko de .". fdPp·U. ·k· L z.I:.~_ I.ugi no eki 'wa .ene~ . c~-r:P 1 f_±U!_ 1(Jluku C .' . ....Ie :ang e fo. t ieketor tL. ka?' How' much is the: fare to . kono deneha wa .IJf~f~. e .? an .L. I S J.I.

"' .. .. '.' 19X1 • Who.. ? . • ~ '11-. t:I ~. c_ 1". ..· ~. ~~ ? .wn .H..i '. ..~~.. h~O)J~A O.'iI iii III ! ... ~.RO' de naremas'U ka? YUtRi-I 1.. l)~~C'9tf~ ~::t! c· 0) ill. __ I15.· _ W· ']G.'f. .imasu ka? 0$'hi -l..~.t ·w·a do. ka....u nl wa· u.I:.e . " .- ~ nishi 0''''''''' ~~ L.....lOI .ono '"lL_ • ~' .~ 'Wbi:··'-... .It\e.lIL i''hil!' III! !. ? ....e:te .!l I!l III .$hi r. '.....nthe Sus ++"" •••. . ni th.?' guc hi wa d 0....... .. ." ...V.. ga k·itara iii 'I 1. *-C~'i< 6--r··-t"ip· ..made ihura desu ka? \ViU you tell me 'wben we ~'.. .-'6 ~ k .. ?l 'F kudaSfJ.no 1.0 How' ·mne h i lt t -t _'....~.u ni ..". 6en ni' not~tara.. ...rM~~ south .:U ecu....'.too ... :~ .Getting Around 45 l .. ~. ge . ..~. k &ta . ~t'? ..-"'IT· < .·~do l t. ~ .. ~? ... "..' -tl.t d [ nee:d a (]I.... Wher'B can Igeta bus to . des'U ka? hi. " ~t " mtnam~ m ~it*9n~ .. 0-+ d'esu ka? WBst IJf"II east higQ.. 't _" . JIl'1e· IS 'till. 18·1. mU deguchi wa ii desu. j...'. ." ..:ue. (Jasa..h me .na ni '. . ~:tc~~ - ..

aisltika n tb.ai airport '•• ' 7. • • . ~rw.? < PI.~ . itte k:udas..P] ease '" ••• ~'~*LJ:? ~ < ~11 'F 2E V"i -"J -"('1"·' 2: ~. .e embassy city hall iehil)fl l·U'-:-.k usn-a university daig.8Jse stOPI. t: (i)'it.hudasa. -irII. motto yukkuri' ni itte k ud as'U.loWllg _A n.ai' Please slow' down. ~ iMl. ll. "J L 'F ~ t. l g:oto ".. hayaku. t') t... k:oko de matte .i tomatte kudasai Please wait here.' ni itt€' kudas.i .~ 46 G·>?! ..U'l~ kakO l.' Insfrut:tions iki maehe! Please hurry.s..LvUDu.aku .~"?L :t"?. the bank glnko th.n.l ~:t'~"D' L~~ ~ go " .rfr i1~1"J t.c~...'. '.e market 'stadium ~yagij(j shiyn..::o~.' this address F(. t.

.. '.i ni mukai ni opposite c ts ''J . .ecti ana ~ --:J.Ei· . ma:gut.·... nishl kd · . east mznam1.t€ ". ... h.. west t.~ I. .·arL tight l.~ m ."..: here koko next to ushir« n-i below shita ni' I*: ~: F~ tonar..rn. II Please turn . '. "....u.gu nt itie ) . :tslr~~)~: ..~:. left hid '" J.. T <: ~:tJ Tr ":) .. .ahead hud mass....fu:gtl.~ * J. u·_asa.uu.(lsai north kita uth ..oc.·.2.. ue nt J: ~. ~'U' __ go..~ L I ~t.'.. ~ H •••••• .atio:ns above behind.. * + e. straight Dir.

""_.m-'.rrsha . map Jm~' near chikai petrol street . taxi miehi jt~ F~ takushi 9?Y . .n ~~~ .rd.ik(Jj(J mechanic toi ~1!RI. there there as0ko cnk'.gasu subway ehihatetsu. seflu·" Wo: .~ conductor' shaBil-(J (san) *$: ( ~~) garage sh (lr. '.'e lJ.EI~* ~f).: -.D U· U-_ . v'U:~Yf:l. I -'..'__S'" ..'N tAfflJ .over. alley yokocho .jjj ~f!~_I_ .._" car jidlJsha far jite'. ~ " S'0.shUrika ehizu.

'... th" b" "'" :Iu.nt a tit(~'ke't o t """""" I .' yuki made no .i desu * T )v~~ ~. m -d:. 'to "'u.' ~ D'. ."'..tC hi~.. ••• ' ~ '. 71:)) ~ -':I o..'? ni to man~-.'. ki~pp.ik u ko to ..D de su ka? :P'=Fr9t ~ 1 t.k...ma~. ~. d e or.~ta.. no .~ :U.ease.ga I want to go to the hotel.~ d~.ain *11~~ J~ iikokuhyo dens.. • ~' 'IV ".d' ·.':_.k'ft.·11]1':1< Some Useful Ph"asss deki.. .~"" .. ni ikita..az.108 . ..t C' ~ 1:"9 ~~ .u ka~ It's 'too far.1:~ 10.... • • e hoteru.mas. mliAi~uk '2 ••••• '.. to sttgimasu Can we go on foot? a..: •·as.Getting Around 4\9 tiln1et.'esu 'wa.00Pl:!' .l ~ t:» ~c~T t:~ O)'-:-~T 1 Wbe're is the rest room? . . I went to get (iff at ".tearai' wa dQ. '...'ct: i1 C! !I ~.ha 11'1=1... ..abl'e tr..._.1 III • I: L a ~ '.u 0 . .~ g.rui:te .p ..

rdmg to the older in which they were built..~. let a. I h. some Iandmarks. .district syst:em...As an alternative. subway station is cl08sst to your destination . '50 • • • ... -taxi driver worry about finding the place.'7 ~ .. map. progressively smaller with chn (or m{J1chi) and bo'nC'hi .istricts etarta with the largest.... your destination .leh.qn).allery ginka book. . The 'bootw'ay to locate an address :isto have sam eone tell you wm. you can find. [ofaddresses. no? art g..li1c'co..Around Town Addre.a bank g:ara *~ *fierg taishikan mn ryohan. the w"ard (ku)~ and gets. With the use of B. and not ~ere is the .and then call for directions from that station. ~wa doko desu. The hierarchy of d.s'ses' use d a. store embassy hotel hnny.oteru. Buildings 'within the districts are often numbered Japan has traditionally necesserilyin sequentiw order along a-street. and possibly a police box (kab'.

~~~.ry mail... . '-~]¥ 'nm. The.: ~.side is fO....HJL11 J..:.~a <:I!'I'\e' itA.k'll.'0 kudas...~.kt an air. ~W I want to send i:t by.cti' . ~ ·art '" '.abar across.L' .. .st Ofti'ce B.l mail dest ined £0'"" OU' . yu b':in kiU:e..cking service or have PO'. Tokyo the.. •• JI • ~. The mailboxes (potjuto) are 'red".a..M'. a100 sell stamps and mail ]i6'blters.. ·'.laJ.j. slot on the Ieft.~~~1!. I' .""". ~_'_g_: Uw..{J temple hakub utsttk~an i:i~~'m ~~!H~oo restaurant tern At the "sbop: in their building which will pack your 'souvenirs fOI' posting. .'.. the top. " I :r.. .() ~ airmail .'.". 'symhol Ear 'post offices and postal S€'MCeS is at 'white 'and red T 'with ....-.my tourist 'hotels. :for you.1 ..-" ..-~ '~ ~ '\ astamp a postcard hrJgfJ.aL' . :t. ·_:'~I. .ko. ' ... ~.:..' •.. tu L 1.''. l.etter .i"'" delive.. no' d'~€s'U k ta.dl'.. ! .:.L.~ .. ~l~'Ib!JL.": ".JL. . _ •• . and :m. '~]..' d f! .......•.Around Town 51 museum post office yub'in kyoku shokuri. y '~..I.ll. Most of them.de the 01· tu B-"~UD mail boxes f.....: ..'. either offer a 'pa...... [ want _ ··!t~iE:tl..(j~av!n. ciil'ii~ ..

ka.:~ ~t1.~~t'Oi no ir. denoa "'" ':t-"U 1[. enpu·(} . . -.Hvery' sokutatsu registered mail kaki:tome seaman funab'in So'msl Useful 'Words. ~i_~" L d .bi'n express de.ts.52 Around TOwn domestic mail kokuna..h r.J' It!e'su '.r.?: I want to send a cable. -Vg-/:p. express deli very I O'l etf tegami number bango sokutt.u ~'ii ~~ parcel hozutsumi telephone deruoa letter box yabin bako -1=--9 !001!:~ ¥!here is the nearest post ofiice:? moyori nD yab'~nkyoku Som:e Us"eru I .r.- UC." •.aS 0S 1 ~:~OJj1)1!@mj wa d'o'ko· desu .l.~ t: ~ OJ C'9 11 .i yll.~ cable-.

kk. ·n·..J:.3r~3t t: Vl 1:'9 cash . ~ L.ntcn no d €'SU ga (1~ "...~ .... which is 'abbreviated as ¥. che.: "" '••••• " O .. .? ...atly days. T .Around Town ...~ ~." _.... You'll usually get a better exchange rate' at banks OJ!!" credit card agencies than at hotels.ru ~~ 1:.JLJ. '".53.gf!nkin ..r..ka? by ssamail? .' 'rk' 'u J"n 'd· 'OSU ffrJ-.. it take de' ur:i1na.ai no desu How mucb. .' .. uke n() tegami m E want to buy stamps. "'".. unit 'of currency is the yen~. . Jt1 O). k01W ..' ~ ..~ .·.• ? ba [~l~.ot_. Yen are easily converted outside Japan" Iwant to change '.. Q'.l. kra? . The Japanese.t te <0 nait. · hi tuna bin de nannlC~~l ljUrai kaka. _ _.postageto . ~ 1O)C9 What wind ow sho ul d ] go to for stamps? kitte wa dOG hira no m ado.:f~ ti ~)< ~ 'C' 1-/:p.r". will.. Ow • toa • ' iD."" travellers' cheques toreberazu.a' :.u A.~~.m~ ~7 ~ 7' ~.. des« eta '" . please. parcel.kozutsumi 0 k u.. .' I' d like to send this. ki.t the Sa'nk .: How m.su . m~~ ..rimasu. jI *7 ..

~hameisnD '" ~.... Goms banknotes kDz€:ni '..fi moue-y o-kane ~etterof credit 8h.()r Japan .kfj t~ga ta bank: draft' eomnussion 'il !Il sidhu 5Z=g{~ signature shomei bank eredit card ku.fUt'U1e f. Some U sefu I .- testi:tya =:F:t'~4 9 bY".lrJt J' ~ ginhQ kauaee tegata branch gin.e:p. to avoid the risk of currency exchange ra te fluctuations you CBn obtain yen-denominated travellers' cheques at many banks bef().rejitto kudO' 1C'a1d -. jJ7L H you 'wish.. ka f' moyo.in~YlJja :n~' .Sam'! Usefull WOl'lds. ~~ ldentification gi'nko mib un.ri' nO' gink(J 'UJ(£ . !.es Whele is the nearest bank? doko desu.re yO'llf d..Phnn.:! ~jJ~ ~~.

c.--?:..~. 3 ~ -~ :[mpe][ial Palace. . desu Buddhist temple Wffif 9 f. .~:!~..::. l ~. '.!: ~P\-:Jif-lX noh .'1 '. 7"~.t\...)-< ~ .~~ c-T Pd like to ooe ~""... '* Things to See &' Do Ii !Il Iii ild)3 t::'~'\ JL.~ ..)' .. tera Japanese garden ninon.at •'U~l ''II. .'.t::. .:'1: "* ""'("9/:P I~~. teien 8*. ·bt 1:~ ""9 tJ~ 3C:~ ~'-' ~ .r aun..~iiI ~"_f.~ ~ 1it~. own 55 e. '.~~ !i ... 1. A.z .kyo b 11_" .~.~ ~ ga." I 'I!... +.' -i ? !Jf. d 11· -. ko. ~fl!J\·WJ~ ~~~ ~~..I.7~X T . mitain.kabuki 00 pagoda t3e sumo wrestl ing sumo ttjl' ..m:8t.p.

!'ii'. 1k~. no" .n'. ...(j ff.'. TIclkets Wbere can I buy ti.'/3''_ .m·' 1t~!I.ee h '.~ eendera.·_>L"~ La' ~ kippu w!tlikura deFJU ka?: for. Illili A mr:. ti~. ~.l' la~_·h" '_ '"i it« "r~ !l--I ~ ':r..j!.. ' ~5 : " .. ~ eha nO'yu . .0' Sh. se k'"·yo-ya· 'u ." '.. {t.-Pr.·.ollPJ. _'.J'. __ V' k .F{ mallom. Q .4... ..~l..d6ko de :t\O'o.' tomerrow evenmg's show ..<"b Ii!!'..tea ceremony teahouse " -h enos:hi".W'O'~ . l[j... .".jffl.ckets? kippU: 'Wl1..hn.g' 8.~.-. Elbow' L'o'~'b'. l.."' • ~ 1 .." . !I!~'I!II. . Ho:w roue h are .. 1~..ne t~ck'-. ~~. this evenm. ~a'..n' temple ·:::·~lfl!· _"~.. L"A' . ' h' no . '..._ ~'ru.' ~ID:.rlti'tai' aeBu. (I)' .u Z'Iifrj. ..n:..?' I.~..o..:.-ts. __ ....

.I"\§-J4-. . "krib~ar~2'i -~ ~ tfl.. -r ~'j:· "Vl .-'I?' .::....n:1ZU --1' ""'"i' ... \'~' {l"' "& - . ...ll"lLJIi:U . j.~ It}.. .J1[p.eful Wordis.- bd .' 9 ).~...g' )\ .. .et..~:..-lr-~ ..!: cinema .\-. d~~kO. ""iI Jazz diseo .- :1"1" ..=.'"1 J .' ..'lnl'" .~1. ~~ .".~i 'r..n......ga}UUl :::s.e Uis..1.. -"".....~.11.. ..bako !~~~~-"~Ib ".!tF\Q''PC.. '..-. ~ ""{. 'baLt" cabaret .4LI"' t" 'QC' ~~ . ~' r!own" -~ 1i=::'7 Som..

.

.. harbour ..e' .:' 'I'IVer .. ? .. ..- wo.~.(to 'we walk to.VJ \t!lii -'loJ'ama-. .~.." ••• ' ~ '.id:chi .. Q hot '$. -.l.. m~zum. .t8U~ 1:.~~ eave ....... -.. ~ -C'-..~!.pr.. _~.kau..-.'a '[. • I ~ •• '!..>!) '1'a_k...- (j'6kutsl{ ~~a ~ island ~k'~. the! ... •• .O.sea 'teahouse (jhfl·shi. .. bama. 59'-' umi.1'8 i'~far to the + ...' monntatn J:".' ~~".'~ made aruiie '... ~ - '".".. ....ings onsen 'min(lito t .0 mel J II .. :t15t>de's'U ka ~ - ? ikf~'maS:J~ ka? beach .

.'ka/" '\' IMIl~.~~ -t: . h:o~:tel_ village: .temple.mur. park restaurant resut·o.?- ytis:u hosu.. II ~ l~' '7 ·"".n .W· "lIB ~I* a·"!i'·O· ~' ~.ra. • ti!is." ? ./~re..~ an .{~\ .".' _r.:.~" n..aqiey'.teru .a~ 1.!"u: I~l..1.ko:en.a ..w. chicken iI'iIIr. i .' taki otera turd wat fall waterra ilf" ..i e..o·.S =ii' ttl· Ii ••'"" thm\@' t .eko WII·m''. v. In.t..{lrimu~.kono' h~np. ..f . l.AI1..~I:s· animal eat bW tori daouJs"u < i~..youth. ] V • ""1.'II lpQ ._I~·.• ur r••••••• ' gu 'guest bouse ryokan hotel .im.

d snow' m: -:t:..z.agi uma ~~blr~ rabbit . ~ juri. .shi fish s'akana .t 'r.~. ram ame sun yuki ·W]. ra.~ t..nl' fJ<I' • nS'..Qog~ i....n.:. ~. u. :.J:Y·Sl eew ~crab kani .I~ the Count. flog -~ haens Igo~t horse y.ti.umz '" Weat.c.(iiyd haze .her [cloud hunu: fug.u.

:S.. 13'~ r.td.u 4 S ~i~~) :C'.~~"~~· th'e ...f from here? . i~lV'BlW hQ~day![ Q.see .......to.'Q.kura wa itsu -1 . '~~k'U~'.o".[...1'I.ka. .. climb i ima fttii 8({n ni noboremasu .a iL ~~1 shikok:u 1m fE ryak.o.... 1:'l. *g~:~' 'k' " .r.ome lJ:J.an']. J:.:~i.j . t:l!Jh'· 'Jlil"'L. Mlaiirn Citi es m: Ji{' . 'wh~~1t~' ·dh~.i~she w..c .ya .w? I~:t" possible .".I.an mie.f. .el'? t -.~ . .? Place N:a. .l~U"J jU}~ s. Fuj'i n~.It's.!.ru .eatb..""" k.U'I{. sahimasu .mes 'I~alrnds.A kyo wa ~a...siu'.ka? 'C.• .5. tQ~emo atsui desh(j'! Are those Ie'he'cry blossoms'? ~ b~t~) r . hokhaiclfJ ~iiAlm t ..~ :L . fJ~ .~::: M.Mt Fu... . do desu.. U~1iJI U..hon$ha ~S:: JJI~ kyush.mui des.~y'(j' -mE~71]~' osa.' How .'ONu k""ara... lui? ]£is v1e'ty' ~Qld tod~y.' Phra'ses tenk:i WlQ.-p' .":F"iiIo ~2- blossoms bloom:?' 8q.J.

tar~ -:}-1ijP~~ s: -".1 iva .ka·· fi~.·'-~·~'~IIi~~·~~~:·~.... ::r:tii ~ II' I' i' :1~~!I---lYI lJts'~A~ .:__::_ ..to . .~U~ UUll~If$' :r. r- ~l':~ ~~ MO'_.d '0' sa".o'.ma. ~.O 1~'o..'~J·[~tt·~~ if. cmljIQ[ ~~$i mito . -.~ W~~'.'1ft ~ -r u.o x I~' 'll'Y'~:W""...I~' 'lAtU'll. " '. _.' " ky(J.' :..7Jq)S 'l"j~t'-'.)'_'" C.t)!J.8JIi'iDunc..\IPij tok:ushi. I · ' .~.ifW. .i\!O'~ htl~< ro ':~f-1'.kiFfl'~himfl m ~i f:Uk.. .."':Ji~'II"rh'. ~~ .Jl._~ ~'.[ hebe "P I '" '.!']''''''l'II''Ii~1CI'tI! .~rl(.~i*"t.yq~t E~ : l$yo'fo ..E{trs.itiesi it FOund l'd~~.~Ides ..n··.~'I~: n~£O.:L.._::_ -ks C·'t' . (r' 1 '~~ _ ~ 1!f..

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dFied UUtt naStU [ " 1.}.~r gooseberries <~ + ''k t. .iMW. ]. Sea··"0' '''''0' ""= •.ijji5 .Ch~~I\Y ·rutg~ .. Iemon sug:uri budt.~. flr'lkil'.plllie .ma.1 'rd"" clam era~b ..Ji. ~~ . '.~f' .grfipi6S.It.. ::'" .r reman .l U If ':"'U-v .. '-'" m.. .!U...Fr It.1.l\ ~.. .. _ 'f1iLm~l ~11~V.. .Etwberrif$ ichfgo . lu:u~i ~~ .~. ir.. '~~~ MI ~ .)f 'iii!'!i! ~ - ~ IV ~ ~..lt~ ItS .-.q'~'.r'e'l'J:. ..o'ii ___ ~1~'''U Q..R If'~v~"f U-d-.~1I~ ta. . "'L.Q!angl~ peach -.~"iI':IciI' til n.. "'".~·.niJ"'lO.. kuki peal -tp '75 tiL str.:' -.·'l:~''iII''..~...$!i"'M '~'iAi ~.ehestnuts kWI ~"k...rn :i!'1!1' ry..' .:t /" persimmon . t1i-'"iJ .. ~)' ..

:sa]n.l.d egg . r» ._".:.~t "-=-.: ~ ~..tt ..gg~ ~amngo ..tO)l .I..t:~ l :~yS.mago: f. egg ..-'ebi ~. ~~ '= ~ l_' ssra:mbled. !t)I " ....Ii~~ (f~ie:dl~€I..k~ ~a:ma.(f. bE ~slak~ EllS ~ir\j:!F: . .~A~ {~'J'I'n'"'4. ?~' ~ rt:... ~...'~ j~h"'.mag. ""F'i~~ ''It:u~la~ .'F-'I:o'~'rl:. ~~':I':C<t " :~le~~NllZ.~p U\~ . .01 .•.ke. fisn ' 'j'\.!flIt:: T-' . ].Bf!.t::.trex . k~ututru~ebi sttafo~..'A d:tbrsni: tumdgfJ hl:J. t. ~ iamag« .impl kQ.Ulirli' t::* '~7 '2.J:-v~ ....1 JE!] .i)~lcJh$\~e'gg ·kfJtqyude ta.~ Vt~.. ~ ~~.E!l!#liJ'::' '. m~ 'n:1".o b0'1e.g() hait:1.obste. . .d i(1'1"nka ""U'l~ J -=* .. 7'" :h~:~J"::boile-dglg' e P..j7:iku ta.J.... .1.. ~lrr..

ge'r ~ hanbaga.Meat· " ]1 . ~:~i C'-.shicha niku ~c6 4-. s.d t:: ~ hamu bambuf.f:I(}s.:L~~ . roast 'beef sausage ./ pork b "~. rn.uto.. ·t:~7 .ej~ 8uJe'k& ..'aton -q ~ .I ~I-::-'.~ ham tori.utam'"u...f gyanflku ChU)ltJi. ~ ~ ~ c bifu. stew r.A.en tp...- U .u muttol~.:..Ah '''''"I.. '~. ak :~rt!=:. liver k-aJi'Zij meat ~flJ. ~..: ."':'k.~ . ~' nlk.-Os. he...e.T·-=t-· Y·T..!-.

. "" .)" 1"6.h '=r' v/·~'~ u ·~"·~"S·~fiu~r'ani."".~~~~~.Eo4'mrr i~(Hib~s sala d"~'·· ~ __ '_'i .'. ~~:_. .~ ~~o.. "1-.t"m' ~~~.J: ~..- i1~f\nuts -_ p-eas pnUt. ~'"- . .taw jf4. Mre-ma' ..rJ.·.c tnnnl""U~ . • ~om _-w-:. ~(a tfji. . . pee:n':._" 35~'" .. ~ lr .ijnipn liiettu.- raaiSB'fu. ~le-t.. '.ttBU: U<I}'I. coeumbe:r' kyari • g~1l.!~G."".o.:iI?' omen • 'I-:. • ..-~ .u v~ 'r.n."l~ .'" n~nJt"' "tOmOr(lR08hi. ...~~t' ~~~."..a.·m" l~··~il>V..1 .".:).I!~"- ky.""'. red pepper __ ·W'j·.... .f:k~.Ce· .Gh.r.fIo)e. _ .f..'..Fo~d71 ~'a~baB:~' .~l.8.' 'r" .u . ~plna.d...- - mnshvoo:m ~ l~ re'ta'8U '= ~0.fl. 6aTa.'i ~'.<Jog'll pcp. ... _~ 'm'am.tv'I:·.

*~l S€JUpS r 7 r' soup chicken SQuP' pea g._ .! ~ .[fPU.iJ'uy ~O:1ll... . ~..nu r..'e soup ma:me SQpu *a6A-7 "idasaz:.. A~7~ 'T'~'·j. < .~..t chikin. ~ ~.p' _A'~7 Q 'l1. .""'~d·' 7Q 0 ~.. t vegelta~lil[.y.lT~A~7!J' ~.~.:tr ~. SU.S'fl. t~A.~.

lla neo 'us. 1: ~tfW :soy sauce ~M!lg.L· ~. -soba (thin) .a~.- ~ Grains bread noodles.pq.~ ~:2' ~ '1:P.r(t.~' metribrrp: m~stard ~~lt shi. i5 '(! L :.1:'00 '1!j"I '73" .ci~a.:~ k . .ax _.1ik_ "L... M' .I 'Sla"tlQ . BMYU SU. k8.rfJ:8hi !t.·.Q .EMIhn'n' _o' :ov-:·_::I. Food tofu cake -" k"e.L&I bean onrd 'butter ~bit'M.. JLdon I(thick) -rice " rsru pan . Yl"nega.n °ll s .ppu "k.:a.-d' .Mis:ce.

7..~s..a broiled.. toro. tenpi de yoita bo. n~amayaki ~-:~ w1ell-done' . U' .J' >11 . ':S'S:"u_ vlto.g~ hpDey' gyoz:~ ~=f~' '" ' ~...riit. de ag~eta rare tDJ·t: .~~~ '7' r~.A ~9$:uto .J' _oms. ice cream hachimi ts'.oE .Ull)PUll.: IC' '[ opped kQ[flt!Jhit(1 fried kttta< aburQ.....d.:~.ruB baked.hi d€rnita .~e~trt::.. 8'.iled bra!is8'd' Jiud[~'ta.yok'uyaku raw npe nam~ juku shita .. . / '.U .7~) ~. medium fut'stl.u toast.tlkUrrm.-' '11111.

£ \t 1 _~1 ~~ .l '"'9~ t.Food 15 ~~t..

.swee·t p~ta.~.'ced .ta.staIbr on wheels) selling hot . sushi . on.FoiOd . Ja. vegetables put'the..e:s'~ noodles and :.i:Y~k!i 9 ~~ ~ .peciaU8.se.i~ thinly sliced ·.and..Jl .T.rl.:. sus.pll-l)eSe" Of"Ja'Iumese in't-e.soy sauce bI:otb._ ·i.1'eSle . radish) ( sH.1:8Jlig..]giiudRy introduced 'iii) .~bly' p. li.Iight . (~offee.c.dl~~p.~shi.:eals . either in western. the :str.bj-ch serve only J·ap\aJo.. which ~.' O'I.her8~are ·a great "Dumber . ~ aue k issa ten.ther ~~.~afQod. and simmered ~9getbe'rwitlfbean curd. .inds:yoq ate. 1.(l:t.hi' ~& sashimi "'t'~b ~ L'lj..~ets)..an.lice. . you will come 'across y. a little wa$p~bi..~se::£hod. fried rR.to.:.. . vegetables are -dipped :00 .iya" w.lik. resutora. ry(Jr.the most famous of Japeneee dishes.· t: Petlb~ps.wleeJ~ened. soya . Iii ~ J: '.'ori€gg~Sashhni~011 the other hand. of western food.te~piut'l!-' ~ .arDu flour b{l~OOf..and d~ed mushroenrs Thin slices of beef axe dipped into-a s. .~nd.egg . S. by we sterners.In.·tahle :in.r and bv tb.d with among other.tions. lPopulla:rD~shes ... h9t.'rp:r. is "thinly ..serv'e. .rtqg1!lese~ seafood and .ed:raw :(~h . available.~.and sashimi are often confused.o.pt(I. things. I'" '!ffI>uk.$hops) ~w.sa.e. ogt Ijl¥ely to'ehc9un'te·t".n (restamanm')l.front of the diner.es and other snacks are often.hroie: cf.e PiC~. -.ai (street .gil1ge.! wa~a b'.of cHfferent· kmds of ea:ting plaeea in J~$p\arn~Among t:he.5~ t? i .llitly vinegared rice topped with.~oJtJ. .

'fJ. .'G:' S10 b:a tbi. '""'t.".... _~. fish broth. :. I· !~ ~~ . a::..:J)"~.: N'J.lIJ p(J.' .o-udon.. b~' .Food 77 noodles .sh-!I 'AlS' __ ..chika"r. -. _~ s: ll.'oureduckwheat b needles 'C.._ _.. .1... .!.. ·"1~f ._.::t..·rniUro'~ -.:·j.c~ ~tJ-".~t1~'. tnm p. OII"fj.'~v::I-loA 0-' ... . . _-. ...< <-~-c..au4on· 'Ut1im~·"':I-~k~ s.-..o:o~e8 ." .. :•.1.••(V . .q-' .J. . ...Ii ..noddles in.. tea.d __ ' ~ ~. ~... IIrY ..bk. .. .' '-'~ _i " ·i)h·~: L."..·... .

.. . ha .:..: /J .:ricec -crihan..'.Ya'P.jl 'Cii'u. r-aiSlt chlthan cw-iied. ~-_..( ." ~...-u·. ~ j_ d. m d. :.":~ _" t&!' t'" l~ .~ fi.n~'n n '00'... ".IlV'~ ~ "'. __ •~ __ • _ •• 1 misu - '7'-'-: ~I ~ ~> ~L '7.ji . Ii. 4 J ~.ll fried ri.~~ _.~ . fICl..' 'ld.j iii ".l"l.'_iii" '[..".' I e.' 11. 'bQwl of . (:~-' :: tJ'" ~l6.: L.e~'~h.. . 1 A rice steamed in fish. :rice kfJ.ze'rl-' . .' dles ~·. -. __ .1.:.. '"..gona.'.d': fh" .. -...th~lcik-DOOcU. ~ rice Ri~c~ D1bJhes. IV". ' - - _-'.~ 7'.'.!l -- -- L.' '.: 1~'?'-At' -'."1 alL..~l·' •• '_""_' rill "'7- 1..:l.::: :jth~ ~ ~ ~id.18S m Ic:un'Y SOUp! :m' '.m':".'9-. ~74 .. -jr'.lSi. tJ'.a.bouillon._ nGU1"oa.o~ wit'" JPor:k IO~ ~1uimfJ~ - i_ r» beef and gravy 'Olver Ji~e~ hctyafim. i~-hf." ' ..To .R .iI'\Ul-.V~'. omeletw:rfeet omuraisu.'._. .

.:!a· i~ ..' Tif~ _ . -N!Q.u kit?" had enough -th . ~ ib.:' .~ ~....~ Q. U f .l~ you. -r . .. $'.walk.::. Ir~~~'". d-susitme ryori : nan desu k~~?''... .' lEft ~j:.d.th IJn. " 00 i *1~: .l[!4f .sefu.kekko o-I't..: ~·it±~~:.'..~'r:l~. (t Do ·Y..··· eu have'. hI ··t'-'.CO·'.~!il~t ~IL(J)'.. u kor€' de mo ..0' W'. Jl .h.:u~U o"[~ o!':II . ...o~ne:g'Q..) - The food is cold.€tiU '~" =r' . 'ij.~~i. ti}o.Q..:~.~~~..ap.r.. *~r.:E_ '1 ~ d?' Wh att d" Y0:U recommend'r .... ..~ ~ " +.u h: llD~ ·~'Y·Rl·r·:· U .:fIlE.._. W~ste·in'sty]8 food.:.mQ)f. r" .l. any·· .·:ll:16 rQ.e bHL .i~. ':6 '" r..(.....(..-< ~. *:L.e ..nglish ~ar.l ..S·.i. . tva ""'.ura de.. a food.~" J·.te 'i1!lasu .e..."_.lJ'h.~tyl.Do yq'q have an E.Il: .M1an".~ m~ ·1·~r'[. ..C? I' ItWvt{. CiYf ...~ . menu? t'eishoku ..'~'a' I Il. Tv·'-e'·'."l!l ~.~~'l V€!:g:S.ai:shok u q. fixed.. W·. ""'~~ . :~ " :. ~a' same..'..hi wa 8.·.. · r.:.lce' CL' t.cW' -. ~. J'.s.~~ e ~ 'Jd. .ugisoo '...!J<.~'·[o "h .etari'an meals? • _..z_.. u. j-.eg~~.. (I~i d~ :G. Tty6. veg..m tfY-ll~~ ~ q---r kE.h f' : ·e· r a.·tos...tSt~t.macSu.kj~? 'o9i '''h'k~' ..L r..il'i ':111. . ryqri._ .1 Ph'rases' menu'? ·oig-ono f)ruzga:i~himasu .s·.~u""tO'~./ .(1..-! .. l~~ u . ~a ~ - Please bring t.1...ari...jj ... n._..' . ~ Y:n:f:':.J.. n yo.8i~U'i!. ~ 'ryTh~... t' ~tJ~· .:.. ·. 1 .. ~ I- :~~£tl)~ .:f'.I'd Hke 6 ·table ~ful"two" ' Som'S' U.

a ku.drtsai./ .0 . .SPOOl'll e. •• . ~ . fl .~' - a glasa .~.8]. . k.W ~~l 'bottle f1l'·j!:r":. the menu .~.9. sara l[. '. .... i i plate menya . jL .u. It' . fork f~k"u..~~ . .? 0 mo..nife lPpOR~ 717 7.~Iu.i'i. . 'P"'" ".f1l.'Do you have . j.9... • ..ma.t~{7 8'~p'lln ~7"~ "'..ttB i. ti-' . naifu . o? k (Please) bring i""~"... . i..

-I . ..' ko'-p'p'''u ..Fuod.I .·81 . fl!kan:io: . t'h _I. .e·' .'bill" "'". --. r· ..". '_ . .Ii!..~ tl _.. cup:". .

.' _. How' 'much is·i:t. ts k'· WJ. .~' t. . . k sug~ma8U· .l. -t' .': II' m ue h..t S "tQo expensrve..Q: -.:j'n O·r. '. .S."" y. .i1U.:'1.'.:rn ~'es. .! .!bilrI .'IlL. '.t... .: 1. It. . I':~!t::~ d '~. .~''''''. ' -.. ".? .lllJj5.altogether?' £..'.OW 111'.al..'9' bore Will . .: ~ "':i'i) !I..:it'(l'dilkima-su. ...-".u:·::·atn k .... "'" . '. ' ""'.' ..'. r.. :. . ·'I'...'1"'f' n.lS. ItHu. d "k' ~ I." a '..' ~" .uka.~e.~~~~! lifJ're Q..

nytJ camera shop d'epato k..o -s.~[I.. . r-' 2' .. ya(Ukuya karn€'t~y'a 71i T~}~'.artmen:t store.e '~·s .'~.. o-p . _'io'!r .~..'.4JfreV~ t~>~ ~..O''"'.~."o:~. shukogel-hinten .er.. ..~~- .tllrll II .7:1. ) ~7E" '9 tJ~~ JW ~ t+ ~ .' ..'. ( ".sho .'n'" "~. .JI"h' 11!.pp'ng ~c.i:siahop M1S·ekitfJA denkiset» ..dressm-I.:.i . '. . .J<:e !! !! • II! OI.J ~ *~. .Q.a:~r .' '~..:p'j . - '.l- electrical shop handicraft :shop jewel1e.W~~·d":o·k· 0 < . .'' _ S._ pj J~ 1: . YL".sh. "Wh' ..' !_ *m .')j~ ~~J~ L. dep:. boo)1. .' l..:J.: '?' barber's 'shop' tokoyrJ ~.." tR& h(J.{~8U t.

ga ..." ".k·kyok u ichiba .f)~ . hamera ..rmM'~:Blt . kassrfcto pureya -.I!r:. want to.jUJ. 'buy. batt~ry camera antiques ~(). shoe shop ml.c:y ..'.. ~~...J". gems Mseki ....~.'~ . . .e'.i. ~~V. I.ya .S'6' .i''!iJft~am··"'3...market ~~.LptjlrJake'tto tQiY sh6p'~ tailor omo'chaya 'yOf~k~y~... '~ass~~tte' player' clothes fuku.tt(j. _.-"IIoi'iIiVa· -rJ .:l· sup)e. ~.a.hi'n.~~ ~~ souvenir 6l~@:p r~ ~ ~ ~:ftl..ne-h. 7' :pha:rm.m nl... .J!.sho:p ~:''... lip_shii' desu. kutslJ.. . st. .~ 7-' . mo.~..

'" . -'.ni v.~ ~j. ./'f ..!.'~'..t(i ...'• .'..silver r .~wl$. 'tamp'onE- '<:I' ito J' . .. ."H'-(~'Qri.(1 -f.:r: oij :tazor blades b. ~'pj .. k:in .." S"':' S-~.fGitnu . ' ..y .hi.' Ui:' ? .~II rtl}zo L.. r.... .{ ~~: bo..t:A.._.:.'."".k a'? cigaqe~~efS 'J!... 11 ~ p.$.-~ --~ --8L~np'~... .gp arimasu.I1? '5l~J h'~ Sihoes . . ·tanp0. -! ~. im·= kaiga r-:ad'ib: .haVie: an.71 Dof.ri'bnk". ~ ".:$ :..h~...!n_g ':--5 .'"'J~uSin'.!"").. kUtf8:tt. '"..' _..goilld..."5..1'1' t~ . I·. ~ silk ~.td:iJi? ~... ~l~o ".-.. .op'p.•••. ~1'6 . ~~I ~ ." . sha~po~ -.'. no 11."ft. ~T ''1~'-.r:' handbag hanit"qbAgg:ff bitt ~ d']:~:.. -.:J )' V.You...e iL~')" "~ ..'-'.h ·. . "..Rainting~ n~~ .f.:'Td .

...[uirum. fast hai S[fprci!o 'When 'will it b~ re.t'la {uirum:u iJ 7".? Somle U.k z: 7' -1 J p~ 7' 4 )v.ka.. film . It. another b~d bceM'U no :w. and w bite.t.'lI~o. p~p'a 'to_otb p'a:ste' umbrella hasa t lu:tmigiild:_ At.." ..f.~u"gia - colour 'fibn .nimC7.ito:.. .ls.n. no.~ "1IAi'" ..sef'U11 Words. kona hamera yo.nl··n''g s. 7 l' Xv k li..~· ~ B.~~ : ·" its.r-¥. [. ~ J .~ L . like some film for ·tb.. _ .! .: ~'ro.' I~yv. the ICame.hos...u t: '(J)tJ'.tring thread . .t!.*..<' t::' ~..Ctrui ..u il'e'k~agar.u~aido' [uirum it bIe.·.· j' lu. camera.~~. ILl' '.Sh'ol" rd.. fui'l"u.'..hii dtJ.!} -S. : lor'.ady?' j colour slide. film fti(A.7 ~'JV. (~'b.x 7 ffl a. I'.J' toiretto..~ :.'~' L L-~'(JT $.ima8'u.S'I~~ )vA //1' \".ra .1 :.eiL'pap1e.

:'. ~nn'.[clean .avy a HIttle S'uk'Qshi long omoi 1>~ J~'i' many.J.~..~)1o'ppin. '. :ma·rui _ -.o· k.' N~{lJ' shopping n. dark .g 87 lJea. .Ciklai hitcruu- ~ ~ .ei ~.- . .eipt nl..~iI:r .'- 1.ut kir. n~gal.ryflshasho ±' ~ I'."""m· " ''!JIll ~. much rec. u' Illlll ~ 1:~'" _. .e. ~~V ~JM.titi:t..'lI') b.nAty *~Jj~..yas'Ui .~'Ii good. ~llg cheap :€ifdi ...'7 ts i 1 .e t.1 ro.n.... _' ~~ '".nsiv. II' ~.pe. 'kirei' kurat develop g~nz. -'-.(jsuru diri:Sr e:x..und. t'~Ni~"'u.

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