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Roldan II Rizal’s Childhood Memories
When Jose Rizal was fifteen years old and a student of Ateneo, he composed a poem entitled “Recuerdo a Mi Pueblo” (In Memory of My Town) which vividly described his childhood years in Calamba. He was a frail, sickly, and undersized child. His parents gave him a tender loving care. His father built a small nipa cottage for him to play during daytime. An Aya (housemaid) was employed to look after his comfort. He remembered also the daily Angelus Prayer. By nightfall children were gathered at the house to pray the Angelus. The happy moonlit nights at the azotea after reciting the Angelus. Stories he heard from his Aya about fairies, tales of buried treasures, tress blooming with diamonds, and other fabulous stories. Those tales tickled the imagination of Jose Rizal, which developed in him an enduring interest in legends and folklore. Probably, he was truly an emotional poet; a nocturnal walk in the town under the moonlight was also included in his memoirs. In Memory of My Town When Early childhood’s happy days In memory I see once more along the lovely verdant’s shore That meets a gently murmuring sea When I recall the whisper soft Of zephyrs dancing on my brow With cooling sweetness even now New luscious life is born in me When I behold the Lily White That sways to do the wind’s command, While gently sleeping on the sand The stormy water rests awhile; When from the flowers there softly breathes A bouquet ravishingly sweet, Out-poured the newborn dawn to meet, As on us she begins to smile. With sadness I recall… recall Thy faced in precious infancy, Oh! Mother, friend most dear to me, Who gave to life a wondrous charm I yet recall a village plain, My joy, my family, my boon, Besides the freshly cool lagoon, The spot for which my heart beats warm. Ah yes! My footsteps insecure In your dark forest deeply sank; And there by every river’s bank
Come back to my heart once more! Come back. Farewell! Eternal vigil I keep For thy peace. lovely town. never in your refuge could A mortal by regret be smitten. Legarda and Luzuriaga. 345. With this decision. And while upon your sky of blue I gaze.I found refreshment and delight. Would send my heart on rapturous flight. I yearn! Come back as the birds return. 137. setting aside the anniversary of his death to be a day of observance. At the budding of the flowers! Alas. I saw the maker in the grandeur Of your ancient hoary wood Ah. and I call to the sky To have thy sincerity. that we Filipinos should have a national hero in 1901. Rich fount on my felicities Oh those harmonious melodies Which put to flight all dismal hours. no love nor tenderness Could fail. Philippine Commission implemented: (1) Act No. in which Rizal should have a monument at Luneta. Ah. Sponsorship of Rizal as the National Hero Governor William Howard Taft declared to the Philippine Commission. so kind Give me these gifts. Governor Taft spoke Pardo de Tavera. and (3) Act No. gentle hours. . unstained. (2) Act No. tender childhood. thy bliss. the Filipino members of the civil commission. pure. To thee I cease not to sigh These to learn. O Genius of good. in which the district of Morong is named after Rizal. to impose the beginning of Rizal day. with charity. Within the rustic temple prayed With childhood’s simple faith unfeigned While cooling breezes. for here on nature’s dress My happiness itself was written. and tranquility. 234. placing Rizal’s picture on the postage stamp and on the currency and teach the young Filipinos to revere his memory as the greatest of the Filipino patriots.
The idea of changing the name of Morong was originally suggested by Dr. civil service reform. Harding appointed Taft Chief Justice of the United States. After leaving office. Taft won an easy victory in his 1908 bid for the presidency. President Theodore Roosevelt appointed Taft Secretary of War in an effort to groom Taft. after the First World War. and the search for world peace through his self-founded League to Enforce Peace. In 1904. In 1890. a Filipino. Taft served in this capacity until shortly before his death in 1930. In 1900. in honor of Dr. 1930) was the 27th President of the United States (1909–1913) and later the tenth Chief Justice of the United States (1921–1930). assuming on some occasions the role of acting Secretary of State. Taft's domestic agenda emphasized trust-busting. The task oriented Taft was oblivious to the political ramifications of his decisions. . 137 On June 11. often alienated his own key constituencies. an Act No. Trinidad Pardo de Tavera. In 1921. Taft sought to further the economic development of nations in Latin America and Asia through "Dollar Diplomacy". He is the only person to have served in both offices. and showed masterful decisiveness and restraint in response to revolt in Mexico. while declining repeated offers from Roosevelt to serve on the Supreme Court. President William McKinley appointed Taft Governor-General of the Philippines. and it was duly recognized in Taft’s address. He worked in local nondescript legal positions until he was tapped to serve on the Ohio Supreme Court in 1887. Riding a wave of popular support for fellow Republican Roosevelt. and passage of the Sixteenth Amendment. President Warren G.William Howard Taft William Howard Taft (September 15. into the powerful Taft family. In the Historical rankings of Presidents of the United States Taft receives an aggregate ranking of 22nd. Jose Rizal. Abroad. Taft spent his time in academia. 1857 – March 8. Ohio. strengthening the Interstate Commerce Commission. the great hero and martyr. Taft was appointed Solicitor General of the United States and in 1891 a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. into his handpicked presidential successor. He is the only former president to administer the oath of office to another President and the only Chief Justice to serve with associate justices whom he had appointed to the court. In his only term. Passage of the Philippine Commission: Act No. improving the performance of the postal service. Taft assumed a prominent role in problem solving. 137 was formulated which organized “politico-military district of Morong” into “Province of Rizal”. arbitration. then his close political ally. Born in 1857 in Cincinnati. "Big Bill" graduated from Yale College as a Phi Beta Kappa in 1878 and from Cincinnati Law School in 1880. and was overwhelmingly defeated in his bid for a second term in the presidential election of 1912.
Al Martir de Bagumbayan. The book was created after the Spanish Captain and Governor General Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa issued a decree on November 21. Victoria. Among the 40 models at the public exhibition at the Ayuntamiento’s Marble Hall (formerly known as the Casa Consistorial). 243 was enacted on September 28. who found it difficult to perform a census on the archipelago's inhabitants. 1906. and made it one of the ten official holidays of the Philippines. which included a scale model and a sketch of the monument and a site development plan. six were chosen by the committee headed by then Gov. Noli Me Tangere Para Rizal. Act. 1849. 1901.Act No. 345 On February 1. 1901 granting the right to use public land upon the Luneta in the City of Manila upon which to erect a statue of Jose Rizal. These are: Motto Stella. many Filipinos chose surnames such as de los Santos. and Maria Clara. 345 which set December 30 of each year as Rizal Day.F. No. del Rosario. Furthermore. It would serve as the final resting place for the hero’s body. This posed a difficult problem to Spanish authorities. Many other Filipinos also chose surnames of well-known chieftains such as Lacandola. as well as hindering tax collecting. they were able to convince the government to erect a monument for Rizal. F. in response to the inconsistencies in the way Filipinos arbitrarily chose surnames. Claveria decree of 1849 The Catálogo alfabético de apellidos (English: Alphabetical Catalog of Surnames) is a book of surnames that was published in the colonial era Philippines after a decree for the systematic distribution of family names and the implementation of the Spanish naming system on the inhabitants of the Philippines. An international art competition was launched and held from 1905 to 1907 to design Rizal’s monument. Philippine Commission Act 243 was passed. 1902. No. the Philippine Commission enacted Act. James Smith. Bautista for their religious significance. . de la Cruz. Many well-known sculptors from around the world participated and sent their entries. 243 On September 28. As the nationalist spirit of the Filipinos was at the highest point during that time. Thus. Following the Christianisation of the Philippines. Act No. many people within the same family had different surnames. allowing the use of public land at the Luneta in the City of Manila to erect a monument to Jose Rizal. even today these surnames are perhaps the most common.
Rizal’s Ancestry – Family Members .
com/hub/Jose-Rizal-Childhood-Memories http://en.ncca.com/journal/item/43/43 http://fairykaye.ph/about-culture-and-arts/articles-on-c-n-a/article.wikipilipinas.php? subcat=13&i=354 http://en.com/view.ph/index.wikipedia.multiply.org/index.gov.hubpages.Sources: http://tinypic.wikipilipinas.php?pic=2afmjw1&s=3 http://esphayka.gov.org/wiki/William_Howard_Taft http://www.php?option=content&task=view&id=617 http://en.php?title=Claveria's_Decree_on_Surnames .nhi.php?title=Act_No.org/index._137 http://www.
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