KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE

SEWING BASICS

UTILITY STITCHES

APPENDIX

Basic Sewing and Mending Machine

Operation Manual
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).

“IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS”
When using the sewing machine, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the following: “Read all instructions before using.”

DANGER – To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. The sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning. 2. Always unplug before changing the light bulb. Replace bulb with same type rated 15 watts.

WARNING – To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons: 1. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the sewing machine is used by or near children. 2. Use this sewing machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual. 3. Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the sewing machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment. 4. Never operate the sewing machine with any of the air openings blocked. Keep the ventilation openings of the sewing machine and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth. 5. Never drop or insert any object into any openings. 6. Do not use this machine outdoors. 7. Do not operate this machine where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered. 8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol “O” position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet. 9. Do not unplug by pulling on the cord. To unplug, grasp the plug and pull, not the cord. 10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle. 11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break. 12. Do not use a bent needle. 13. Do not pull or push the fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break. 14. Switch the sewing machine to the off, symbol “O” position when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as threading the needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin, or changing the presser foot. 15. Always unplug the sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user service adjustments mentioned in this instruction manual. 16. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or impaired persons without supervision. 17. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this sewing machine. “SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS” “This sewing machine is intended for household use.”

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FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following.

IMPORTANT
If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut off and an appropriate three-pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in the plug. NOTE The plug served from the main lead must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug. Always replace the fuse cover, never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted. WARNING DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE LETTER ‘E’, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW. The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue Brown Neutral Live

As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows. The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘N’ or coloured black or blue. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘L’ or coloured red or brown.

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CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING OUR MACHINE
To fully enjoy all the features, we suggest that you study the manual before using the machine.

PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation 1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread takeup lever, needle, or other moving parts. 2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when: • Operation is completed • Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts • A power failure occurs during use • Maintaining the machine • Leaving the machine unattended 3. Do not store anything on the foot controller. 4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords. For a longer service life 1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects. 2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders can damage the case and machine, and should never be used. 3. Do not drop or hit the machine. 4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation. For repair or adjustment In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer. For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.brother.com The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.

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............................................................... 11 THREADING THE MACHINE ........... 6 Needle and presser foot section ............................................................................10 Power supply precautions ..........................................................................................................................................................................................23 Replacing the presser foot ............................................................................................................ SEWING BASICS ............................................................ 32 Zigzag stitches ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................12 Winding the bobbin ...... 24 2.................................................................... 30 Trial sewing ........................................................—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— CONTENTS 1............................................................................................................................ 38 Button sewing ............................................25 SEWING ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 25 Selecting stitching .......................................................................................................... 36 Adjusting buitching stitching ...................................... 18 REPLACING THE NEEDLE .................................... 19 Checking the needle .............. 30 Sewing thick fabrics ................................................................ 27 Sewing in reverse ........................................................................................................................................................ 30 Sewing curves ......... 35 BUTTONHOLE SEWING ........................................................................................................................................................................................................6 NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS ....... 28 USEFUL SEWING TIPS ............................................................................................................................................ 31 Sewing stretch fabrics ..............................36 Making the buttonhole .......................................... 23 Removing the presser foot holder ............................................................... 6 The main parts ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 20 Sewing with a twin needle (Option) .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 26 Starting to sew ..................................... UTILITY STITCHES .................................................................................. 19 Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types ...9 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ..................................................... 10 Power supply ....................................................................................................... 30 Sewing thin fabrics ............................................................................... 20 Replacing the needle .................................................... 31 3................... 33 Darning ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 22 REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT .................................................................... 14 Upper threading ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8 Flat bed attachment .......................................................................................................................... 8 ACCESSORIES ............................. 38 4 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 28 Thread tension ...........25 General sewing procedure ......... 31 Using a free-arm style ........................................... 32 Basic stitching .............................................................................................................................. 12 Lower threading ...................................................................................................32 USEFUL STITCHES .................... 33 Blind hem stitching ....................................................................................19 Needle precautions .................................................................................................................................. 10 Foot controller ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 11 Steadying the machine ............................................................................................................................................................................ KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 30 Changing the sewing direction ................................ 16 Drawing up the lower thread ..................................

........................................45 MAINTENANCE ........................................................................................... 41 Appliqués ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 53 5 .........................................43 Gathering ......................................................................45 Oiling ........................................................................ 40 APPLIQUÉ................ 43 Shell tuck stitching ........................................................................................ 41 Monogramming and embroidering ...... 45 Cleaning the machine surface ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ZIPPER INSERTION ......................................................................... 43 Elastic stitching ...... 46 Cleaning the shuttle race ................................... 48 TROUBLESHOOTING .................................................................................................................. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Cleaning the feed dogs ................................ 44 4................................................................................ APPENDIX ..................................... 48 Bobbin case tension adjustment ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 41 DECORATIVE STITCHING .............. 45 Changing the bulb .......................... 47 Repacking the machine ..................................................................................................................................................50 INDEX ..........................................................................................................

b Pattern selection dial (page 26) Turn the pattern selection dial to select the number of the stitch that you want to use. c Thread take-up lever (page 16) d Upper tension control dial (page 28) This controls the tension of the upper thread. 6 . e Flat bed attachment with accessory storage (page 8 and 31) f Reverse sewing lever (page 28) Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew in the opposite direction.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— 1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS The main parts a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw (page 38) Turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw to adjust buttonhole stitching when it is not uniform.

XC7456-321 (U.).K. XD0852-021 (Korea).1 g Built-in handle h Spool pin (page 12 and 16) The spool pin holds the spool of thread. l Foot controller jack/jack Insert the foot controller plug into the foot controller jack. j Handwheel Use the handwheel to manually raise and lower the needle. New Zealand). m Thread cutter (page 28) Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them. XE0629-001 (Australia. XC7438-321 (220/240V Area). Part code. n Presser foot lever (page 16) Use the presser foot lever to raise and lower the presser foot. o Bobbin winding pre-tension disc/thread guide (page 12 and 16) The thread guide/bobbin winding pre-tension disc is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin and threading the machine. i Bobbin winder (page 12) The bobbin winder winds thread onto the bobbin for use as the lower thread. k Main power/sewing light switch (page 10) Use this switch to turn on and off the main power and sewing light. XC7359-021 (110/120V Area). p Foot controller (page 11) Use the foot controller to control the sewing speed and to start and stop sewing. which also supplies power to this machine. XC7438-321 (Russia) 7 .

they may fall out. h Bobbin case i Needle j Needle bar thread guide k Needle clamp screw Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place. f Shuttle hook g Shuttle cover Open the shuttle cover to set the bobbin. and then pull the flat bed Lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment attachment out to remove it. 8 . a Flat bed attachment b Storage compartment a Presser foot holder assembly The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder assembly. a toward you. and then store the bag inside the compartment. c Presser foot (Zigzag) The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the fabric as the sewing takes place. Attach the appropriate presser foot for the selected stitching. and be lost or damaged. e Needle plate The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing straight seams. b Presser foot screw Use the presser foot screw to hold the presser foot holder assembly in place. d Feed dogs The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction. If the accessories are not in a bag. Note ● Put the accessories in the bag.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Needle and presser foot section Flat bed attachment The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment.

We have designed these accessories to help you be able to carry out most sewing tasks.S. N This foot controller can be used on the following machine models: LS-2220/2720/1520/2125/2125i.A. 5.A.S. only) ● Foot controller: Model KD-1902.S. No. / Canada Others X59369-321 X59370-021 XE2137-001 XA3442-121 No. 8. 1 2 3 4 Part Name Buttonhole foot “A” Zipper foot “I” Button sewing foot “M” Darning plate Part Code U. (Part code: 132730-122) ● A replacement for the factory-installed presser foot is available through your authorized dealer.ACCESSORIES The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment. (Part number: 138135-122) 1. 1 Note (For U. 75/11 1 needle 90/14 1 needle 100/16 1 needle 7. 6. / Canada Others XA5539-151 SA156 129583-021 X55467-021 130920-021 9 . 5 6 7 8 Part Name Bobbin (3) Needle set Screwdriver Extra spool pin Part Code U.A. 4. 2. ● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer. 3.

Then. electric shock. ● When unplugging the machine. ● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Using other power sources may result in fire. Otherwise a fire may result. ● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances: • When you are away from the machine • After using the machine • When the power fails during use • When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection • During electrical storms CAUTION ● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. ● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Power supply precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply. WARNING ● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord. into the jack on the machine. insert the power supply plug into a wall outlet. Do not subject the cord to heat. Power supply a between the foot controller and the power b Set the main power switch to “I”. or bundled. twisted. pulled. always turn off the main power first. These things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. Electric shock may result. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. If the cord or plug is damaged. a Foot controller plug 10 . modified. forcefully bent. or damage to the machine. damaged. Insert the foot controller plug. located supply plug on the cord. Fire or electric shock may result. The sewing lamp comes on when the machine is turned on. ● Do not allow the power cord to be cut. or lead to fire or electric shock. Always grasp the plug to remove it from the outlet.

be sure to turn off the sewing machine in order to prevent the machine from accidentally being started. reverse the plug. When you press the foot controller down lightly.S. Do not modify the plug in any way. 11 . If it still does not fit. the machine’s speed will increase. When you take your foot off the foot controller. this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. When you press harder. Note ● If a power outage occurs while the sewing machine is being operated. be sure to wipe off any excess oil. Foot controller CAUTION ● When connecting the foot controller. Doing so could cause a fire or an electric shock. the machine will stop. contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet. set the main power ”.c switch to “ To turn off the machine. To reduce the risk of electric shock. Steadying the machine If the sewing machine has been placed on an uneven surface. CAUTION ● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build up on the foot controller. When restarting the sewing machine. the machine will run at a low speed. 1 Slower Faster You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot controller when the machine is not in use. (For U.A. After oiling. only) ● This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other). turn the rubber cushion in the right-front corner of the base plate to adjust its height until the sewing machine is stable. follow the necessary procedure to correctly operate the machine. turn off the sewing machine and unplug the power supply cord. The sewing lamp goes off when the machine is turned off. ● A new sewing machine or one that has not been in use for a long period of time should be oiled as described on page 45.

and Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft Pass the thread around the pre-tension disk. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. 1 Pulling it in as far as possible. Pass the end of the thread through the hole on a Spring on the shaft b Groove of the bobbin e Turn on the sewing machine.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model a then put a spool of thread on this pin. ● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing machine. CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is not in the right place. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. If you use bobbins from other models. Turn the bobbin clockwise. c the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin. SFB: XA5539-151). the thread may tangle on the spool pin. the machine will not work properly. until the spring on the shaft slides into the groove of the bobbin. a Pre-tension disk b Bobbin winder shaft c Bobbin CAUTION ● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156. Actual size 11. 12 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— THREADING THE MACHINE Winding the bobbin This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin. by hand. b Other models d and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.

● The needle bar does not move when you slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right. 13 . when the thread runs low it may tangle around the bobbin and cause the needle to break. Then stop the machine. Memo ● When the sewing machine is started or the handwheel is turned after winding the thread around the bobbin. ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. and the bobbin is wound. CAUTION ● Make sure you follow the instructions carefully. this is not a malfunction. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. gently j to the left and remove the bobbin. i spinning slowly. Cut the thread.f press the foot controller to wind the thread While holding the end of the thread. 1 CAUTION g Trim the excess thread above the bobbin. the machine will make a clicking sound. If you do not cut the thread completely. slide the bobbin winder shaft around the bobbin a few times. h 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 Press the foot controller to start. take your foot off the foot When the bobbin seems full and begins controller.

Open the shuttle cover behind the flat bed Lower threading Install the bobbin wound with thread. CAUTION ● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction. Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. you could be injured. CAUTION ● Make sure you turn the power off while threading the machine. a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) Raise the needle to its highest position by turning and raise the presser foot lever. it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle. If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine starts to sew. and then insert the bobbin Unwind about 10 cm (4 inches) of thread into the bobbin case. the machine will not operate correctly. SFB: XA5539-151). 14 . ● The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. Actual size 11. If bobbins from other models are used.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model Other models a Bobbin case latch d from a full bobbin. CAUTION ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. a Flat bed attachment b Shuttle cover 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 c toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. • Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine. breaking the needle and resulting in injury.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— b attachment at the front of the machine. If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction.

If it is incorrectly installed. 1 a Tension spring f the bobbin case into the shuttle race. 15 . it will fall out from the shuttle when the machine starts to sew. fully insert release the latch. a Bobbin case finger b Notch g Close the shuttle cover. and then Hold the bobbin case by the latch. CAUTION ● Make sure that the bobbin case is properly placed back into the machine. • Make sure the bobbin case finger fits into the notch at the top of the shuttle race. as shown below. down the delivery eye under the tension spring. until it enters Pull the trailing thread through the slot.e and to the left.

Raise the needle by turning the handwheel b toward you (counterclockwise) to raise the thread take-up lever to its highest position. or is set incorrectly. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. • If the needle is not correctly raised. Be sure to turn the handwheel before threading the sewing machine. then the front one.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Upper threading Set the upper thread and thread the needle. Otherwise. Raise the presser foot using the presser foot c then put a spool of thread on this pin. a lever. the sewing machine can not be threaded. a b c d Spool pin Thread guide (rear) Thread guide (front) Thread take-up lever CAUTION ● Make sure you thread the machine properly. the thread could tangle and break the needle. and CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is in the wrong place. the thread may tangle on the spool pin and cause the needle to break. a Presser foot lever e tension control dial from the right to the left Feed the upper thread through both thread Pull the thread down and around the upper so the thread picks up the thread check spring. a Upper tension control dial b Thread check spring 16 . d guides: the rear one first.

f pull it between the tension discs. While holding the thread as shown below. ● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may cause sewing problems. Make sure you raise the presser foot lever and the thread take-up lever before you feed the upper thread. Guide the thread through the thread take-up a Needle bar thread guide i out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread. then feeding the thread with your right hand. Thread the needle from front to back and pull a Thread take-up lever a 5 cm (2 inches) Note ● If the thread take-up lever is lowered. 1 g lever from right to left. Put the thread behind the needle bar thread The thread can easily be passed behind the needle bar thread guide by holding the thread in your left hand. the upper thread cannot be wrapped around the thread take-up lever. 17 . h guide above the needle.

KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Drawing up the lower thread a Lightly hold the end of the upper thread. d threads and pull them toward the back of the Pull out about 15 cm (6 inches) of both machine under the presser foot. a Upper thread b raise the needle to its highest position by While holding the end of the upper thread. turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower a Upper thread b Lower thread 18 . a Upper thread b Lower thread c thread.

Failure to observe these precautions is extremely dangerous. your machine. Chiffon 65/9 Needle sizes Thread sizes Cotton: 80 Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Fine Mercerized Cotton Cotton: 60-80 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50 Cotton: 50-60 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50-60 Cotton: 40-50 Mercerized Heavy Duty Polyester Long Fiber Cotton Wrapped Polyester Polyester Long Fiber Lightweight Voile. ● Never use bent needles. Double knit. ● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with transparent nylon threads. Batiste Cotton. Tricot Memo ● The smaller the thread number. Gingham. Tweed. Taffeta. Organza. Fine lace. possibly resulting in injury. Suitings. Use the same size thread for the upper (spool) and lower (bobbin) threads. ● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased. Poplin. Silk. ● Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur. 1 CAUTION ● Only use home sewing machine needles. regardless of the fabric being sewn. 75/11 Synthetics.REPLACING THE NEEDLE This section provides information on sewing machine needles. the thicker the needle. Duck 100/16 Medium weight Heavyweight Knits Single knit. Bent needles can easily break. the thicker the thread. Velvet. Needle precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Muslin Denim. Canvas. Pique. and the larger the needle number. Corduroy. Satin. Refer to the following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew.) Fine corduroy. Sewing fabrics Very thin Fine tricot. Silk. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the machine. Thin linen. 90/14 (Ball point) Jersey. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below. 90/14 (Supplied with Lightweight wool. Percale. Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. 19 . Linen. Gabardine.

CAUTION ● Before replacing the needle. the needle is bent. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. Replacing the needle Replace the needle as described below. particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11). b turning the handwheel toward you 1 2 Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). the needle may bend or break. the stitching may be uneven or puckered or there may be skipped stitches.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— CAUTION ● The appropriate fabric. thread and needle is not correct. a Presser foot lever 1 a Flat surface 20 . Use the screwdriver and a needle that has been determined to be straight according to the instructions in “Checking the needle” . thread and needle combinations are shown in the table on the previous page. If the combination of the fabric. a Turn off the sewing machine. 1 a Flat surface ■ Incorrect needle If the distance between the needle and the flat surface is not even. Checking the needle Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous since the needle may break while the machine is being operated. In addition. Do not use a bent needle. Before using the needle. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. place the flat side of the needle on a flat surface and check that the distance between the needle and the flat surface is even. a Flat side b Needle type marking ■ Correct needle c Lower the presser foot lever.

slide the needle clamp screw is on the right side and the needle bar thread guide is at the bottom. ■ Installing the needle clamp If the needle clamp is removed. and then Align the bottom edge of the needle holder tighten the needle clamp screw. insert the needle until it With the flat side of the needle toward the touches the needle stopper. a the needle clamp onto the needle bar so that As seen from the front of the machine. follow the procedure below to attach it to the needle bar. f use the screwdriver to tighten the needle While holding the needle with your left hand. (If the needle clamp screw is loosened too much. do not loosen the needle clamp screw too much. a Screwdriver b Needle clamp screw • Do not apply strong force when loosening or tightening the needle clamp screw. a Needle stopper a b c d Needle bar Needle holder Needle clamp screw Align 21 . otherwise certain parts of the sewing machine may be damaged. a Needle clamp screw b Needle bar thread guide c Needle bar b with the end of the needle bar. CAUTION ● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches the needle stopper and securely tighten the needle clamp screw with the screwdriver. and then screw counterclockwise to remove the needle. Note ● The needle can be removed by simply loosening the needle clamp screw about one turn. otherwise the needle may break or damage may result. Therefore.) 1 Install the twin needle in the same way. the needle clamp (which holds the needle) may fall off. clamp screw by turning it clockwise.d use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp Hold the needle with your left hand. e rear of the machine.

Use the thread from the second spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the thread take-up lever is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). 22 . ● When using the twin needle. ● Do not sew with bent needles. ● When changing the sewing direction. See page 16 for more details.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Sewing with a twin needle (Option) We have designed your machine so you can sew with the optional twin needle and two top threads. and damage the machine. otherwise the needle may break or the machine may be damaged. the needle may bend or break. If the needle hits the presser foot. b Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of Attach the extra spool pin. You can use the same color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches. b Right needle thread passes in front of the needle bar thread guide. thread guide. f Do not pass the thread behind the needle bar Thread the right needle from front to back. e the machine to the thread take-up lever. the needle may bend or break. ■ Twin needle threading a Attach the twin needle in the same way as a Attach the twin needle. Other needles could break. The needle could break and injure you. The stitches available for twin-needle sewing are straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2. Put the second spool of thread onto the extra spool pin. be sure to raise the needle before turning the fabric. be sure to select an appropriate stitch (straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2). See page 16 for more details. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. c Needle bar thread guide a First spool b Second spool c the machine to the needle bar thread guide. ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. d Thread the left needle from front to back. Use the thread from the first spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the needle bar thread guide is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). the machine. a Left needle thread passes through the needle bar thread guide. CAUTION ● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: X57521-021). single needle (page 20).

a Black button b Presser foot holder CAUTION ● Before replacing the presser foot. and may cause injury. c Raise the presser foot lever. a Presser foot holder b Shank c Pin f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the presser foot holder. d presser foot holder to release the presser foot. Using other any presser feet may cause an accident or injury. If you use the wrong presser foot. the machine will start and you may be injured. Position the presser foot so the letter indicating the presser foot type (A.) is positioned to be read. a Presser foot lever a Presser foot lever The presser foot is attached.REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT CAUTION ● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. I. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break. b turning the handwheel toward you e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the Place a different presser foot below the holder shank in the holder. Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). ● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. a turn it off. Press the black button at the back of the If the sewing machine has been turned on. etc. 1 Replacing the presser foot Replace the presser foot as described below. 23 . ● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. If you leave the power on and step on the controller.

and then tighten the screw Hold the presser foot holder in place with using the screwdriver in your left hand.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— g presser foot is securely attached. • For details. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). such as the quilting foot. Align the presser foot holder with the lower- Removing the presser foot holder Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that does not use the presser foot holder. a Presser foot holder b Presser bar b your right hand. Raise the presser foot lever to check that the ■ Attaching the presser foot holder a left side of the presser bar. a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw 24 . Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw Note ● If the presser foot holder is not correctly installed. b holder screw. the thread tension will be incorrect. ■ Removing the presser foot holder a Remove the presser foot. Use the screwdriver to remove the presser foot holder.

read the following precautions. keep your hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel. 3 Attach the presser foot. Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch. ● Never use bent needles. Before operating the sewing machine. and then start sewing. 4 Start sewing. 25 . For details on turning on the machine. Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn. cut the threads. General sewing procedure Follow the basic procedures below to sew. possibly resulting in injuries. otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may break. otherwise injuries may occur. 1 Turn on the machine. Position the fabric. ● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins. Bent needles can easily break.2 SEWING BASICS SEWING Basic sewing operations are described below. pay special attention to the needle location. For details on selecting a stitch. In addition. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). Turn on the sewing machine. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). 2 Select the stitch. For details on starting to sew. refer to “Power supply” (page 10). otherwise the needle may break or bend. When sewing is finished. 2 CAUTION ● While the machine is in operation. ● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing. For details on replacing the presser foot.

43 7 Straight stitch (Left needle position) Stretch blind Stitch 33 8 33 9 Shell tuck stitch 43 10 Elastic stitch 44 26 . 35. 33. aPattern selection dial Number on dial Stitch name 4-step automatic buttonhole b Pattern ac d Page 1 36 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 32. select the desired stitch. 41 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Zigzag (satin) stitch 6 Straight stitch (Center needle position) Select the desired length.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Selecting stitching Turning the stitch selection dial in either direction. 40.

2 b turning the handwheel toward you Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). The machine starts sewing. The machine stops sewing. turn the handwheel While holding the end of the thread and the Turn on the sewing machine. 27 . toward you (counterclockwise) with your right hand to lower the needle to the starting point of the stitching.Starting to sew a e fabric with your left hand. a Presser foot lever d the thread under the presser foot. f Lower the presser foot lever. a Presser foot lever g Slowly press down on the foot controller. Raise the presser foot lever. h Take your foot off the foot controller. and then Place the fabric under the presser foot. pass pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread toward the rear of the machine. c Raise the presser foot lever. i turning the handwheel toward you a 5 cm (2 inches) j Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise).

refer to “Lower threading” (page 14) and reinsert the bobbin. cutter on the back of the presser foot bar to cut them. Memo ● Before beginning to change tension adjustments make sure the upper thread and bobbin are inserted correctly. Thread tension The thread tension will affect the quality of your stitches. b lever. a Thread cutter Sewing in reverse Reverse sewing is used to lock the threads at the end of the seam or wherever reinforcement is needed. release the reverse sewing 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— k and then pass the threads through the thread Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. To sew forward. a while sewing. ■ Correct tension Correct tension is important as too much or too little tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers on your fabric. 1 2 3 a b c d Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever 4 ■ Upper tension is too tight Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. 28 . ● We recommend you do a test sample on a scrap of fabric before you start to sew. the upper thread may be too tight. In this case. Note ● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly inserted. You may need to adjust it when you change fabric or thread.

■ Upper tension is too loose Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. no adjustment is needed. In this case. For most sewing applications. Be sure not to turn the screw more than one full turn. 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops may appear on the surface of the fabric when sewing thin fabric with thin thread. In addition. be sure to return the screw to its original position before the next time that the machine is used. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 4 2 2 3 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. If the problem persists. increase the tension in the bobbin by turning the screw clockwise with a small screwdriver. Note ● The bobbin thread tension has been adjusted at the factory for general use. refer to “Upper threading” (page 16) and rethread. Note ● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded. 29 . the upper thread may be too loose.

Trial sewing A trial piece of fabric should be sewn since. Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot. Sewing thick fabrics ■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser foot. the desired results may not be achieved. 30 .SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— USEFUL SEWING TIPS Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. When the stitching reaches a corner. lower the needle by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). the needle may bend or break. Lower the presser foot lever and continue CAUTION ● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inches) thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much force. depending on the type of fabric and stitching being sewn. the needle may bend or break. c sewing. use a piece of fabric and thread that are the same as those used for your project. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. be sure to raise the needle before changing the sewing direction. Since the results differ depending on the type of stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn. When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag stitch. Sewing curves Stop sewing. stop the Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). and then turn the b fabric. raise the presser foot lever even higher to bring the presser foot to its highest position. Changing the sewing direction a sewing machine. perform the trial sewing under the same conditions that will be used with your project. For the trial sewing. Refer to these tips when sewing your project. select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain a finer stitch. If the needle was raised. and then slightly change the sewing direction to sew around the curve. CAUTION ● When using the twin needle. and check the thread tension and stitch length and width. Raise the presser foot lever.

To change your machine to the free-arm style. and then sew without stretching the fabric. tear off any excess paper. 2 a Stabilizer material or paper Sewing stretch fabrics First. place thin paper or stabilizer material under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric. If this occurs. a Basting Using a free-arm style Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular and hard-to-reach areas. a Flat bed attachment 31 . baste the pieces of fabric together. the stitching may become misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly.Sewing thin fabrics When sewing thin fabrics. When you have finished sewing. lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment toward you. and then pull the flat bed attachment out to remove it.

cut the thread. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). • For details. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. d When sewing is finished. Zigzag (satin) stitch a Select a stitch. CAUTION ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. Select the desired width. Memo ● When sewing with a zigzag stitch. Lower the needle into the fabric at the b beginning of the stitching. Stitch name Application c Start sawing. the needle may bend or break. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). 32 . refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). use straight stitches at the beginning and end of the zigzag stitch for reinforcement. If the needle hits the presser foot.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— 3 UTILITY STITCHES USEFUL STITCHES Zigzag stitches You can use the zigzag stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. • For details. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. They are also useful for sewing stretch materials. • For details.

basic (Center needle stitching. and position) sewing gathers or darning. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). without the stitch showing. e When sewing is finished. • For details. sewing gathers or pintucks. and press. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). a b Baste or pin together the fabric pieces. a Right side of fabric b Bottom side b hem. Straight stitch (Left needle position) Basic stitching. 3 Select a stitch. like the hem of a pair of trousers. Number on dial 8 Stitch name Stretch blind Stitch Application Blind hem stitching on stretch fabrics. • For details. Two stitches are available for basic stitching.Basic stitching Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. c beginning of the stitching. • For details. etc. etc. cut the thread. 7 a Reverse the skirt or pants. <Seen from the side> a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric 33 . d Lower the needle into the fabric at the Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the Start sewing. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Blind hem stitching You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27).

g free-arm sewing possible. make sure that the fabric feeds correctly. Remove the flat bed attachment and make • For details on free-arm sewing. refer to“Using a free-arm style” (page 31).UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— c (3/16 inches) from the edge of the fabric. and position the <Seen from the side> <Seen from the side> a b c d e d Wrong side of fabric Right side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting stitching 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Wrong side of fabric b Basting c Edge of fabric f Select the stretch blind stitch (8). <Seen from the side> a b c d Wrong side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Arm 34 . e fabric with the wrong side facing up. and Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm then baste it. Fold back the fabric inside along the basting. Unfold the edge of fabric. h arm. Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the and then start sewing.

Darning Reinforce points that will be subject to strain. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Attaching Straight stitch zippers. e filled with parallel stitching.i catches the fold of the hem. Remove the basting stitching and turn the k fabric right side up. and then remove both the aNeedle bNeedle drop point cFold of hem dWrong side of fabric j Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. alternately drawing the Start sewing while gently moving the fabric fabric away and pulling it toward you. c presser foot together with a fabric underlay a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric d with your hands. Stop sewing when the portion to be darned is 35 . For invisible stitching. make sure that both threads are the same color as the fabric. and position) sewing gathers or darning. b Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). and then lower Position the fabric so that the needle slightly the presser foot lever. etc. a shown below. Place the fabric to be darned under the for reinforcement. 3 Sew along the fold of the hem. basic (Center needle stitching.

a the buttonhole on the fabric. Select stitch “a” of the 4-step automatic Making the buttonhole The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”. Step Step a (Front end of button hole) Step b (Left side) Sewn portion Use chalk to mark the position and length of 1 Step c (Back end of button hole) a Marks on fabric Step d (Right side) b outside frame back until the sliding insert Attach buttonhole foot “A” and push the reaches the front of the outside frame. as shown below. place stabilizer material under the fablic. check the stitch length and width by sewing a trial buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric. Pass the upper thread down through the hole in the presser foot. Stitch name Application Memo ● Before sewing buttonholes.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— BUTTONHOLE SEWING Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on. ● When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. d that the middle of the front chalk line is Position the fabric under the presser foot so directly in the center of the presser foot and aligned with the two red lines on the insert. are indicated below. a b c d Presser foot scale Pin Marks on buttonhole foot 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Mark on fabric b Red marks on the sliding insert e Start sewing. a Reinforcement stitching c buttonhole (1). which is used for sewing buttonholes. Number on dial 1 4-step automatic buttonhole Buttonholes on medium weight fabrics. 36 . Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back.

k CAUTION ● When opening the buttonhole with the seam ripper. and then raise the needle by Stop sewing when the needle is at the left side turning the handwheel toward you. do not place your hands in the cutting path. Select stitch “b” of the 4-step automatic 2 Start sewing. and then use a seam ripper to cut towards the pin and open the buttonhole. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. remove the 37 . and then sew the length of the h chalk line. g buttonhole (1). o fabric. otherwise injuries may result if the seam ripper slips. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. For reinforcement. and cut the thread. Do not use the seam ripper in any other way than how it is intended. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. Raise the presser foot lever. l side of the stitching.f of the stitching. select the straight stitch (6 through 10) with the desired length. Select stitch “d” of the 4-step automatic n buttonhole until the needle reaches the Start sewing. m buttonhole (1). and then sew to the edge of the front bar tack. p stitching to prevent the stitching from being Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole cut. 3 Start sewing. Sew the right side of the stitching sewn in step e. turn the fabric 90 degrees counterclockwise. i side of the stitching. 1 a Seam ripper b Pin Select stitch “c” (same as “a”) of the 4-step j automatic buttonhole (1).

slide the button so that the needle goes into the two holes toward the rear of the sewing machine.2 mm (1/8 inches) 4. Number of dial 2 3 4 Attach the button sewing foot “M”. Button sewing Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine. c shown below. the stitching can adjusted with the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw. Place a button between the presser foot and • When attaching four-hole buttons. Then. a button to be attached. a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw Distance between holes 1. 38 . first sew the two holes closest to you. and then sew them in the same way.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Adjusting buitching stitching If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not uniform.6 mm (1/16 inches) 3. and then select the Measure the distance between the holes in the appropriate zigzag stitch (2.8 mm (3/16 inches) b ■ If the right side is too loose compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the direction. Place the darning plate on the needle plate as ■ If the right side is too tight compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the + direction. d the fabric. Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached. 3 or 4) according to the following table.

be sure that the needle does not touch the button. • After sewing for about 10 seconds at a low speed. Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching. h stitching to the wrong side of the fabric. Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew a few reinforcement stitches. f 3 Start sewing. g and then cut the upper and lower threads. otherwise the needle may bend or break.e (counterclockwise) to check that the needle Turn the handwheel toward you correctly goes into the two holes of the button. 39 . If the needle hits the button. CAUTION ● When sewing. leaving a length of 15 cm (6 inches). return to step a. and Pull the upper thread at the end of the then tie it with the bobbin thread.

You may also be injured. basic (Center needle stitching. b left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the shank. a Zipper foot “I” b Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper c Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application d top on both sides. and position) sewing gathers or darning. The needle should be Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the positioned on the zipper side of the foot for best results.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— ZIPPER INSERTION You can use the zipper foot “I” to sew different types of zippers. Lower the needle into the notch located either on the left or right side of the zipper foot. If you choose a different stitch. fit the zipper foot on the other side of the zipper and continue sewing using the other side notch. Fold the edge of the fabric 2 cm (3/4 inches) c and place the zipper under the folded section. etc. 40 . If the needle hits the zipper. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. the needle may break and you may be injured. attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot. CAUTION ● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper during sewing. When sewing the right side of the zipper. When sewing the left side of the zipper. e the foot by pressing the button located at the To sew the opposite side of the zipper. release back of the presser foot. and can easily position it to the right or left side of the needle. the needle will hit the presser foot and break the needle. CAUTION ● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the needle does not hit the presser foot before you start sewing.

d stitching. You may also be injured. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING Zigzag stitches can be used for sewing appliqués. monogramming and embroidering. Zigzag (satin) stitch Appliqués You can create an appliqué by cutting a different piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a decoration. a b CAUTION ● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin during sewing.APPLIQUÉ. Stitch name Application c Carefully sew around the edge of the design. Baste the cut design to the fabric. Cut away any fabric that is left outside the Select a stitch. and then remove both the Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. 3 Memo ● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. 41 . Monogramming and embroidering a shown below. Select the desired width. as the needle can break. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. if necessary. e Remove the basting.

When the hoop is moved slowly. e the presser bar. Select the desired length for straight stitch (6) Memo ● When the hoop is moved quickly. the stitches are shorter. fabric with the middle and third fingers. c design (for embroidering) on the surface of Draw the lettering (for monogramming) or the fabric.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— b Select a stitch. h Start sewing. sew to completely fill in the design with stitches by alternately sewing from the outline of the design to the inside and from the inside to the outline. CAUTION ● Be sure to keep your fingers away from moving parts. and support the outside of the hoop with your little fingers. ■ Embroidering Sew along the outline of the design by moving the hoop slowly. i and sew a few stitches for reinforcing. 42 . Then. ■ Monogramming Sew the lettering at a constant speed by moving the hoop slowly. especially needles. g forefingers of both hands while pressing the Grip the hoop with the thumbs and Memo ● Be sure to keep the stitches close together. the stitches are longer. d the surface of the fabric facing up inside the Put the fabric in the embroidery hoop with well. Place the project under the needle and lower f at the starting position by turning the Draw up the lower thread through the project handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). and then sew a few stitches to reinforce the stitching.

the front of blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Gathering Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Shell tuck stitching Number on dial 9 Shell tuck stitch Shell tuck stitching The gathers that look like shells are called “shell tucks”. Sew while making sure that the needle drops d down to one side. Select the shell tuck stitch (9). Fold the fabric along the bias.DECORATIVE STITCHING Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine. Straight stitch basic stitching. refer to “Thread tension” (page 28). c slightly off the edge of the fabric. Stitch name Application a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers. Unfold the fabric. (Center needle and sewing position) gathers or darning. and then iron the tucks 43 . etc. d Smooth the gathers by ironing them. • For details. and increase • For details. b the thread tension. Loosen the tension of the upper thread (to 3 b about 2). Sew a single or multiple parallel rows of • Do not sew reverse stitches or cut the thread. a Attaching zippers. They are used to decorate trims. c stitches.

and then sew over the tear. ■ Sewing elastic tape Place the elastic tape on the fabric. Each is explained below. Select the elastic stitch (10). ■ Joining fabric Put the edges of the two pieces of fabric together. and then place them under the presser foot with the fabric edges under the center of the presser foot. and then sew over the elastic tape while holding the tape both in front and behind the presser foot.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Elastic stitching Number on dial 10 Stitch name Application Mending. Then. Memo ● Make reinforcing reverse stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. The elastic stitch can be used in 3 ways: mending. start sewing the edges of the two fabrics together. sewing elastic or joining fabric. 44 . ■ Mending Place the reinforcement fabric under the tear to be mended. sewing Elastic stitching elastic tape or joining fabric.

● Sewing machine oil is available at your local sewing machine dealer or service center. After oiling. a b Turn off the machine and unplug it. c at a fast speed without thread. 4 Loosen the face plate screw.4 APPENDIX MAINTENANCE Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below. oil every day. Oiling a Changing the bulb CAUTION Turn off the machine and unplug it. run the machine for a short time Memo ● Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. 45 . ● Unplug the power supply cord before changing the bulb. ● Do not apply too much oil as it may soil the thread and fabric. Put 2 to 3 drops of oil at each of the points Be sure to wipe any excess oil off the machine. Note ● Hold the face plate securely while removing or attaching it. b indicated below. c Remove the face plate from the machine. If you use it more often. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur.

and then wipe the surface of the machine.APPENDIX d ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Replace the sewing light bulb. After cleaning it once with a wet cloth. Cleaning the machine surface If the surface of the machine is dirty. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. Cleaning the shuttle race CAUTION ● Be sure to unplug the machine before cleaning it. a Retaining ring b Latch lever 46 . Slide the latch levers out from the retaining CAUTION ● Unplug the power supply cord before cleaning the machine. a Bobbin case latch e ring to remove it. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. squeeze it out firmly. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. Remove the flat bed attachment and open the Attach the face plate and fasten the screw d toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. lightly soak a cloth in neutral detergent. wipe it again with a dry cloth. and c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. a bulb b Loosen c Tighten e again. Raise the needle and the presser foot.

Attach the needle plate by using a coin or a Retaining ring b Hook c Latch lever 47 . a Retaining ring b Driver c Race body h wipe the shuttle race in order to remove any Use a cloth dampened with machine oil to lint. the presser foot and Cleaning the feed dogs CAUTION ● Make sure you unplug the machine before you clean it. e part of the feed dogs and shuttle race body. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. hook. j and push the latch levers back into position. Use a brush to clean the lint from the upper Reassemble the hook and the retaining ring. Raise the needle and the presser foot. Remove the hook by grasping its center post k the needle before using the machine. Otherwise. Use a brush to remove any accumulated lint driver and race body. a Retaining ring b Hook c Hook center post g and thread from the retaining ring.f and pulling it out. you may get an electric shock or be injured. Attach the bobbin case. f screwdriver. c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. Clean the lint from the shuttle hook in the i same manner as described in step h. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. and Remove the flat bed attachment and open the 4 Remove the needle plate by using a coin or d screwdriver to remove the screws.

1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. damage may occur during shipping. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. Note ● Remember to return the screw to its original setting before starting your next project. Note ● If the loops still appear on the surface of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. When packing up the machine again. When sewing with thin thread on thin fabrics. If it is not packed properly. 48 . ● Save this packing material in case it is needed to transport this sewing machine. approximately 30-45 degrees to increase bobbin tension. IMPORTANT ● This packing material is designed to prevent damage in transit. the thread tension must be adjusted according to the procedure described below. In this case. the thread tension may not be adjusted adequately with the upper tension control dial. being careful not to over-tighten the screw. turn the screw clockwise.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Repacking the machine Keep the carton and packing materials for future use. a Screw Bobbin case tension adjustment The bobbin thread tension has already been adjusted at the factory for general use. Therefore. pack it properly as described below. For most sewing applications. After you adjust the bobbin thread. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. the bobbin thread may be too loose. no adjustment is needed.

In this case. After you adjust the bobbin thread. 4 a Screw 49 . the bobbin thread may be too tight. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 2 3 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. turn the screw counterclockwise being careful not to over-loosen the screw. approximately 30-45 degrees to decrease bobbin tension.■ Bobbin tension is too tight Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. Note ● If the loops still appear on the wrong side of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension.

You can solve most problems by yourself.com]. the Brother Solutions Center offers the latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Remove any knots or tangles. The presser foot you are using is not appropriate for the type of stitch that you want to sew. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. 41 page 28 – – The main power switch is turned off. thread and needle. Choose a needle that is appropriate for the type of stitch. or the thread has come out of the guide above the needle. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. You are pulling the fabric too much. you have not fitted the spool properly. Symptom Possible cause The machine is not plugged in. You have not used the foot controller properly. Visit us at [http://solutions. How to put it right Plug the machine in. contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Lightly guide the fabric. The bobbin case is scratched. Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten the screw. The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to the right. Replace the bobbin case. The sewing machine does not work. 40. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. The area around the hole in the nee. If the problem persists.) Replace the presser foot. The upper thread tension is too tight. authorized service center. Loosen the upper thread tension. page 16 The upper thread breaks. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Remove the tangle thread. for example. You have not inserted the needle properly. The thread is tangled. The needle clamp screw is loose. The needle is not appropriate for the thread you are using. There are knots or tangles in the thread. Move the bobbin winder shaft to the left. Insert the needle properly. – page 19 page 28 page 46 The upper thread tension is too tight. Use the foot controller properly. If you need additional help. The needle breaks. The needle is bent or blunt. Loosen the upper thread tension. 36. in the shuttle race. Reference page 10 page 10 page 13 page 11 page 20 page 21 page 20 page 19 page 35. Replace the needle. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric.brother. Turn on the main power switch. – – page 12 Correct the upper threading.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— TROUBLESHOOTING If the machine stops operating correctly. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. check the following possible problems before requesting service.Replace the needle plate. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. clean the shuttle race. 50 . (for example. 38. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not used the right combination of fabric.

Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The upper thread was not threaded correctly. The thread is tangled. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. authorised service center. You have not inserted the needle properly. or has a burr on it. You have not used the right combination of fabric. The thread is tangled on the wrong side of the fabric. Replace the presser foot. Bobbin is set incorrectly. Reference page 20 page 20 – The area around the hole in the nee.Replace the needle plate. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Correct the upper threading. Correctly install the bobbin thread. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. thread and needle. Remove the tangled thread and clean the shuttle race. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. The thread tension is incorrect.Symptom Possible cause The needle is bent or blunt. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. Adjust the tension of the upper thread.You have not attached the pressersion is incorrect. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Insert the needle properly. The bobbin thread is incorrectly installed. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Bobbin is set incorrectly. The thread ten. The lower thread is tangled or breaks. Wind the bobbin thread properly. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. How to put it right Replace the needle. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. The bobbin is scratched or does not turn smoothly. Replace the bobbin case. The upper thread is too tight. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Attach the presser-foot holder properly. Wind the bobbin thread properly. foot holder properly. – – page 12 page 12 – page 46 page 12 page 14 page 16 4 Correct the upper threading. page 16 page 12 page 19 page 24 page 28 page 12 page 14 page 14 51 . Replace the bobbin. The upper thread breaks. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The bobbin case is scratched.

Reference page 14. in the shuttle race. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. 40. Stitches are skipped. clean the shuttle race. You have not fitted the spool properly. How to put it right Thread the upper thread and wind the bobbin thread properly. Insert the needle properly. The needle is bent or blunt. thread and needle. You have not used the right combination of fabric. The thread tension is incorrect. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Correct the upper threading. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. page 12 Insufficient oiling. for example. page 45 52 . The bobbin case is scratched. If you use it more often. The sewing light bulb does not come on. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. 36. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. in the shuttle race. Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. thread and needle. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Sew with stabiliser material under the fabric. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Remove the needle plate cover and clean the plate and the shuttle race. Correct the upper threading. 16 – page 19 page 20 page 31 page 28 page 16 page 19 page 20 page 46. Remove the tangle thread. If you are sewing thin fabric. 47 page 46 page 16 – The fabric is wrinkled. The stitch is not sewn correctly. thread and needle. The thread is tangled. You have not used bobbin that has been designed for this machine. 38. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. The sewing lamp is damaged. Change the sewing light bulb. The thread tension is incorrect. Fit the spool properly. There is a highpitched noise while sewing. clean the shuttle race. Dust has built up in the feed dogs or in the shuttle race. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. page 33. for example. The thread is tangled. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Replace the needle. 41 page 28 page 46 page 19 page 46 The fabric does not feed. Replace the needle. Replace the bobbin case. the stitch is too thick. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Clean the shuttle race.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Symptom Possible cause You have not threaded the upper thread properly or fitted the bobbin properly. page 45 The presser foot that you are using is not correct for the type of stitch. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. The needle is bent or blunt. oil every day. Dust has accumulated under the needle plate or in the shuttle race. You have not inserted the needle properly. Remove the tangle thread.

............................................................................................. 23 presser foot holder ......................................... 28 trial sewing .......................... 41 extra spool pin ................................................................................................33 bobbin ............................ 16 pre-tension disk ...............................................................................47 spool pin ...........................16 C cleaning ............................................................................................ 14 bobbin winder ................................................36 buttonhole sewing .. 22 feed dogs ............................................................. 21 needle plate ................................................................................................................. 31 foot controller ................................................................................................ 41 N needle .......6 main power switch .................................................................................. 47 O oiling ..................................... 48 reverse sewing lever .............. 21...................12 zigzag stitches ............................................................................... 7 J joining ............................................................. 41 zipper foot .............................. 44 M main parts ...................................................................................................................... 30 troubleshooting ............................................................................ 26 presser foot ..............................................................................................................................................................43 shuttle hook removal ..........................................................................................................................38 buttonhole foot ..................................... 50 twin needle ....6...........................................................................................................................................................................................28. 32...........................................................................8..................................... 12 P R relative chart of sewing fabrics.............. 40 G gathering .. 41 S satin stitching ..................................................... 29.......................................................40 zipper insertion ............................................................................... needles and threads .............................................30............................................................................................................. 47 flat bed attachment ...............................8 needle clamp screw .......................................................... 16 straight stitch .....................................................................................12.................................45 overcasting stitches ....................................................... 7........................................................................... 48 upper threading ............. 43 Z H handwheel ........... 24 presser foot lever ..................... 8...............................................................................................47 shuttle race cleaning ............8......................................19 shell tuck stitching ........INDEX A accessories ............... 14 bobbin case .....................................33 stretch blind stitch ..............................................33 stretch fabrics ..............................36 T thick fabrics .... 16 thread tension .............................. 19 repacking ..........................................................................32 pattern selection dial .............................................................................. 31 B basic stitching ..9 appliqués .........30 thin fabrics .8..........................................10 monogramming ...................................... 28 thread guide ............................................................................ 31 F U W winding the bobbin .....................27 free-arm style ............... 37 sewing machine needles .................................................. 46 D darning ..........................................8........................................................... 12 button sewing ........... 8...................................................... 19 needle bar thread guide ..............33 blind hem stitching .............................. 22 upper tension-control dial ...............................................32 seam ripper .....................................35 E embroidering ............. 28 53 ......................................31 thread cutter .....

English XE4592-001 Printed in China .