KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE

SEWING BASICS

UTILITY STITCHES

APPENDIX

Basic Sewing and Mending Machine

Operation Manual
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).

“IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS”
When using the sewing machine, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the following: “Read all instructions before using.”

DANGER – To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. The sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning. 2. Always unplug before changing the light bulb. Replace bulb with same type rated 15 watts.

WARNING – To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons: 1. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the sewing machine is used by or near children. 2. Use this sewing machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual. 3. Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the sewing machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment. 4. Never operate the sewing machine with any of the air openings blocked. Keep the ventilation openings of the sewing machine and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth. 5. Never drop or insert any object into any openings. 6. Do not use this machine outdoors. 7. Do not operate this machine where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered. 8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol “O” position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet. 9. Do not unplug by pulling on the cord. To unplug, grasp the plug and pull, not the cord. 10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle. 11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break. 12. Do not use a bent needle. 13. Do not pull or push the fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break. 14. Switch the sewing machine to the off, symbol “O” position when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as threading the needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin, or changing the presser foot. 15. Always unplug the sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user service adjustments mentioned in this instruction manual. 16. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or impaired persons without supervision. 17. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this sewing machine. “SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS” “This sewing machine is intended for household use.”

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FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following.

IMPORTANT
If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut off and an appropriate three-pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in the plug. NOTE The plug served from the main lead must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug. Always replace the fuse cover, never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted. WARNING DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE LETTER ‘E’, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW. The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue Brown Neutral Live

As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows. The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘N’ or coloured black or blue. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘L’ or coloured red or brown.

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CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING OUR MACHINE
To fully enjoy all the features, we suggest that you study the manual before using the machine.

PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation 1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread takeup lever, needle, or other moving parts. 2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when: • Operation is completed • Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts • A power failure occurs during use • Maintaining the machine • Leaving the machine unattended 3. Do not store anything on the foot controller. 4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords. For a longer service life 1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects. 2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders can damage the case and machine, and should never be used. 3. Do not drop or hit the machine. 4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation. For repair or adjustment In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer. For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.brother.com The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.

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....................................................................................................................................................................................6 NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 11 THREADING THE MACHINE ................................................................................................ 22 REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8 ACCESSORIES ............................................................ 19 Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types ....................................................... 12 Lower threading .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 31 Using a free-arm style ...............................................................................................................12 Winding the bobbin ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 14 Upper threading ...................... 32 Zigzag stitches ................................................................. 24 2........................................................................................................... SEWING BASICS ....................................................................................10 Power supply precautions ........................................................................................... 8 Flat bed attachment ............ 30 Sewing thin fabrics ..... 30 Trial sewing ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 36 Adjusting buitching stitching .......................................................................... 25 Selecting stitching ..............................................................................................................................................25 General sewing procedure ..................................................................................................................................................25 SEWING .................................................................................................................................9 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ...................................................... 31 Sewing stretch fabrics ................................32 USEFUL STITCHES .................. 30 Sewing thick fabrics ........................................................36 Making the buttonhole .............................................................................................. 38 Button sewing ....................................................................................................................................................—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— CONTENTS 1.............................................................................. 32 Basic stitching ............................................................. 16 Drawing up the lower thread .............................................................................. 30 Sewing curves ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 28 USEFUL SEWING TIPS ..................................... KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ................................................................................................................................................. 38 4 . 18 REPLACING THE NEEDLE .................................................................................... 33 Blind hem stitching ............................................................................................................... 35 BUTTONHOLE SEWING .......................................................................................................................................................................... 31 3.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 23 Removing the presser foot holder ................................................................................................................................................ 27 Sewing in reverse ................................................................................................... 19 Checking the needle .................................................... 26 Starting to sew .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 20 Replacing the needle ....... 6 The main parts .............................................................. 33 Darning ...................................................................................................... 11 Steadying the machine ...... 28 Thread tension ............................................................................................................................................................. 10 Foot controller .......................23 Replacing the presser foot .......................................... 30 Changing the sewing direction .........19 Needle precautions ............................................................................................................ 20 Sewing with a twin needle (Option) .............................................................. UTILITY STITCHES ............................................................................................................ 6 Needle and presser foot section ........................................... 10 Power supply ..................................................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................ 45 Cleaning the machine surface ................................................................................ 48 TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................................................................................................................ZIPPER INSERTION ............ 41 Monogramming and embroidering ............................................................................................................................... 46 Cleaning the feed dogs .............................. APPENDIX ......................... 53 5 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................45 Oiling ................................................................................................. 48 Bobbin case tension adjustment ................................................................................... 43 Shell tuck stitching ................................................................................................................................................. 45 Changing the bulb ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 43 Elastic stitching ........................................................................................ 41 Appliqués ....................................................... 40 APPLIQUÉ..........................................................................................43 Gathering .....................................................................50 INDEX ............................................ 46 Cleaning the shuttle race ........ 44 4............................................................................... 41 DECORATIVE STITCHING .......................................................................................................................................................................... MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING .................................................................................................................................................... 47 Repacking the machine .................................................................................................................................45 MAINTENANCE ................................................

b Pattern selection dial (page 26) Turn the pattern selection dial to select the number of the stitch that you want to use. c Thread take-up lever (page 16) d Upper tension control dial (page 28) This controls the tension of the upper thread.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— 1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS The main parts a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw (page 38) Turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw to adjust buttonhole stitching when it is not uniform. 6 . e Flat bed attachment with accessory storage (page 8 and 31) f Reverse sewing lever (page 28) Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew in the opposite direction.

K. m Thread cutter (page 28) Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them. j Handwheel Use the handwheel to manually raise and lower the needle.). XD0852-021 (Korea). XC7359-021 (110/120V Area). XC7438-321 (Russia) 7 . New Zealand). k Main power/sewing light switch (page 10) Use this switch to turn on and off the main power and sewing light. XC7456-321 (U. Part code. XC7438-321 (220/240V Area). p Foot controller (page 11) Use the foot controller to control the sewing speed and to start and stop sewing. n Presser foot lever (page 16) Use the presser foot lever to raise and lower the presser foot.1 g Built-in handle h Spool pin (page 12 and 16) The spool pin holds the spool of thread. XE0629-001 (Australia. l Foot controller jack/jack Insert the foot controller plug into the foot controller jack. o Bobbin winding pre-tension disc/thread guide (page 12 and 16) The thread guide/bobbin winding pre-tension disc is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin and threading the machine. i Bobbin winder (page 12) The bobbin winder winds thread onto the bobbin for use as the lower thread. which also supplies power to this machine.

e Needle plate The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing straight seams. a Flat bed attachment b Storage compartment a Presser foot holder assembly The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder assembly. Note ● Put the accessories in the bag. c Presser foot (Zigzag) The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the fabric as the sewing takes place. b Presser foot screw Use the presser foot screw to hold the presser foot holder assembly in place. If the accessories are not in a bag. and then pull the flat bed Lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment attachment out to remove it. and then store the bag inside the compartment. a toward you. 8 . and be lost or damaged. f Shuttle hook g Shuttle cover Open the shuttle cover to set the bobbin. Attach the appropriate presser foot for the selected stitching. d Feed dogs The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction. h Bobbin case i Needle j Needle bar thread guide k Needle clamp screw Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Needle and presser foot section Flat bed attachment The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment. they may fall out.

3. 4.ACCESSORIES The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment.S. No. N This foot controller can be used on the following machine models: LS-2220/2720/1520/2125/2125i. ● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer. 5 6 7 8 Part Name Bobbin (3) Needle set Screwdriver Extra spool pin Part Code U. 1 Note (For U. 1 2 3 4 Part Name Buttonhole foot “A” Zipper foot “I” Button sewing foot “M” Darning plate Part Code U. We have designed these accessories to help you be able to carry out most sewing tasks. 2. 75/11 1 needle 90/14 1 needle 100/16 1 needle 7. / Canada Others XA5539-151 SA156 129583-021 X55467-021 130920-021 9 .S.A. (Part code: 132730-122) ● A replacement for the factory-installed presser foot is available through your authorized dealer. 6. only) ● Foot controller: Model KD-1902. / Canada Others X59369-321 X59370-021 XE2137-001 XA3442-121 No.A.S. (Part number: 138135-122) 1.A. 5. 8.

located supply plug on the cord. Power supply a between the foot controller and the power b Set the main power switch to “I”. ● Do not allow the power cord to be cut. The sewing lamp comes on when the machine is turned on. pulled. ● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances: • When you are away from the machine • After using the machine • When the power fails during use • When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection • During electrical storms CAUTION ● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. insert the power supply plug into a wall outlet. twisted. always turn off the main power first. electric shock. damaged. Fire or electric shock may result. modified. Otherwise a fire may result. Insert the foot controller plug. If the cord or plug is damaged. forcefully bent. Always grasp the plug to remove it from the outlet.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Power supply precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply. or bundled. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord. a Foot controller plug 10 . Electric shock may result. into the jack on the machine. take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use. Using other power sources may result in fire. These things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. Do not subject the cord to heat. ● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. WARNING ● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. ● When unplugging the machine. ● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. Then. or lead to fire or electric shock. or damage to the machine.

1 Slower Faster You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot controller when the machine is not in use.S. CAUTION ● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build up on the foot controller. turn the rubber cushion in the right-front corner of the base plate to adjust its height until the sewing machine is stable. When you take your foot off the foot controller. (For U. the machine’s speed will increase. only) ● This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other).c switch to “ To turn off the machine. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet.A. turn off the sewing machine and unplug the power supply cord. When you press harder. Foot controller CAUTION ● When connecting the foot controller. this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. When restarting the sewing machine. be sure to turn off the sewing machine in order to prevent the machine from accidentally being started. After oiling. If it still does not fit. reverse the plug. the machine will run at a low speed. To reduce the risk of electric shock. ● A new sewing machine or one that has not been in use for a long period of time should be oiled as described on page 45. Do not modify the plug in any way. Steadying the machine If the sewing machine has been placed on an uneven surface. Doing so could cause a fire or an electric shock. The sewing lamp goes off when the machine is turned off. be sure to wipe off any excess oil. Note ● If a power outage occurs while the sewing machine is being operated. set the main power ”. When you press the foot controller down lightly. contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. follow the necessary procedure to correctly operate the machine. 11 . the machine will stop.

SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing machine. SFB: XA5539-151). 12 . Pass the end of the thread through the hole on a Spring on the shaft b Groove of the bobbin e Turn on the sewing machine. b Other models d and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model a then put a spool of thread on this pin. until the spring on the shaft slides into the groove of the bobbin. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. and Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft Pass the thread around the pre-tension disk. Turn the bobbin clockwise. Actual size 11. the thread may tangle on the spool pin. CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is not in the right place. the machine will not work properly. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. ● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. If you use bobbins from other models. a Pre-tension disk b Bobbin winder shaft c Bobbin CAUTION ● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156. 1 Pulling it in as far as possible.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— THREADING THE MACHINE Winding the bobbin This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin. by hand. c the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin.

Cut the thread.f press the foot controller to wind the thread While holding the end of the thread. 1 CAUTION g Trim the excess thread above the bobbin. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. If you do not cut the thread completely. this is not a malfunction. Memo ● When the sewing machine is started or the handwheel is turned after winding the thread around the bobbin. gently j to the left and remove the bobbin. and the bobbin is wound. i spinning slowly. Then stop the machine. 13 . when the thread runs low it may tangle around the bobbin and cause the needle to break. CAUTION ● Make sure you follow the instructions carefully. ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. ● The needle bar does not move when you slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right. the machine will make a clicking sound. h 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 Press the foot controller to start. take your foot off the foot When the bobbin seems full and begins controller. slide the bobbin winder shaft around the bobbin a few times.

14 . • Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine. CAUTION ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine starts to sew. and then insert the bobbin Unwind about 10 cm (4 inches) of thread into the bobbin case. a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) Raise the needle to its highest position by turning and raise the presser foot lever. the machine will not operate correctly. SFB: XA5539-151). Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. ● The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. a Flat bed attachment b Shuttle cover 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 c toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. you could be injured. If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— b attachment at the front of the machine. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. If bobbins from other models are used. Open the shuttle cover behind the flat bed Lower threading Install the bobbin wound with thread. Actual size 11. it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model Other models a Bobbin case latch d from a full bobbin. CAUTION ● Make sure you turn the power off while threading the machine. CAUTION ● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction.

If it is incorrectly installed. it will fall out from the shuttle when the machine starts to sew. fully insert release the latch. • Make sure the bobbin case finger fits into the notch at the top of the shuttle race. down the delivery eye under the tension spring.e and to the left. as shown below. 1 a Tension spring f the bobbin case into the shuttle race. until it enters Pull the trailing thread through the slot. and then Hold the bobbin case by the latch. a Bobbin case finger b Notch g Close the shuttle cover. 15 . CAUTION ● Make sure that the bobbin case is properly placed back into the machine.

then the front one. Be sure to turn the handwheel before threading the sewing machine. a Presser foot lever e tension control dial from the right to the left Feed the upper thread through both thread Pull the thread down and around the upper so the thread picks up the thread check spring. and CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is in the wrong place. the sewing machine can not be threaded. a lever. d guides: the rear one first. the thread could tangle and break the needle. Otherwise. the thread may tangle on the spool pin and cause the needle to break. Raise the needle by turning the handwheel b toward you (counterclockwise) to raise the thread take-up lever to its highest position. a b c d Spool pin Thread guide (rear) Thread guide (front) Thread take-up lever CAUTION ● Make sure you thread the machine properly.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Upper threading Set the upper thread and thread the needle. • If the needle is not correctly raised. Raise the presser foot using the presser foot c then put a spool of thread on this pin. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. a Upper tension control dial b Thread check spring 16 . or is set incorrectly.

Make sure you raise the presser foot lever and the thread take-up lever before you feed the upper thread. h guide above the needle. Thread the needle from front to back and pull a Thread take-up lever a 5 cm (2 inches) Note ● If the thread take-up lever is lowered.f pull it between the tension discs. then feeding the thread with your right hand. 17 . Guide the thread through the thread take-up a Needle bar thread guide i out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread. 1 g lever from right to left. ● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may cause sewing problems. the upper thread cannot be wrapped around the thread take-up lever. While holding the thread as shown below. Put the thread behind the needle bar thread The thread can easily be passed behind the needle bar thread guide by holding the thread in your left hand.

a Upper thread b Lower thread c thread. turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). a Upper thread b raise the needle to its highest position by While holding the end of the upper thread. d threads and pull them toward the back of the Pull out about 15 cm (6 inches) of both machine under the presser foot.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Drawing up the lower thread a Lightly hold the end of the upper thread. Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower a Upper thread b Lower thread 18 .

Duck 100/16 Medium weight Heavyweight Knits Single knit. ● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with transparent nylon threads. Needle precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Poplin. Thin linen. Silk. Gingham. ● Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur. Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Batiste Cotton. 1 CAUTION ● Only use home sewing machine needles.) Fine corduroy. 90/14 (Supplied with Lightweight wool. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the machine. Refer to the following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew. ● Never use bent needles. regardless of the fabric being sewn. Linen. Silk. ● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below. Percale. Fine lace. 90/14 (Ball point) Jersey. Taffeta. and the larger the needle number. Failure to observe these precautions is extremely dangerous. Sewing fabrics Very thin Fine tricot. Canvas.REPLACING THE NEEDLE This section provides information on sewing machine needles. Velvet. Double knit. Corduroy. Chiffon 65/9 Needle sizes Thread sizes Cotton: 80 Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Fine Mercerized Cotton Cotton: 60-80 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50 Cotton: 50-60 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50-60 Cotton: 40-50 Mercerized Heavy Duty Polyester Long Fiber Cotton Wrapped Polyester Polyester Long Fiber Lightweight Voile. Suitings. Use the same size thread for the upper (spool) and lower (bobbin) threads. 75/11 Synthetics. Pique. Organza. Muslin Denim. Tricot Memo ● The smaller the thread number. Gabardine. your machine. Satin. Bent needles can easily break. the thicker the thread. Tweed. possibly resulting in injury. 19 . the thicker the needle.

In addition. Replacing the needle Replace the needle as described below. a Flat side b Needle type marking ■ Correct needle c Lower the presser foot lever. CAUTION ● Before replacing the needle. Before using the needle. b turning the handwheel toward you 1 2 Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. Use the screwdriver and a needle that has been determined to be straight according to the instructions in “Checking the needle” . be sure to turn off the sewing machine. If the combination of the fabric. thread and needle combinations are shown in the table on the previous page. 1 a Flat surface ■ Incorrect needle If the distance between the needle and the flat surface is not even. Checking the needle Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous since the needle may break while the machine is being operated. a Presser foot lever 1 a Flat surface 20 . thread and needle is not correct. Do not use a bent needle. place the flat side of the needle on a flat surface and check that the distance between the needle and the flat surface is even. the needle is bent. the stitching may be uneven or puckered or there may be skipped stitches.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— CAUTION ● The appropriate fabric. a Turn off the sewing machine. particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11). the needle may bend or break.

clamp screw by turning it clockwise. the needle clamp (which holds the needle) may fall off. follow the procedure below to attach it to the needle bar.d use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp Hold the needle with your left hand. Therefore. otherwise certain parts of the sewing machine may be damaged. otherwise the needle may break or damage may result. ■ Installing the needle clamp If the needle clamp is removed. a Screwdriver b Needle clamp screw • Do not apply strong force when loosening or tightening the needle clamp screw. a Needle clamp screw b Needle bar thread guide c Needle bar b with the end of the needle bar. (If the needle clamp screw is loosened too much. insert the needle until it With the flat side of the needle toward the touches the needle stopper. e rear of the machine.) 1 Install the twin needle in the same way. slide the needle clamp screw is on the right side and the needle bar thread guide is at the bottom. a Needle stopper a b c d Needle bar Needle holder Needle clamp screw Align 21 . f use the screwdriver to tighten the needle While holding the needle with your left hand. and then Align the bottom edge of the needle holder tighten the needle clamp screw. Note ● The needle can be removed by simply loosening the needle clamp screw about one turn. CAUTION ● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches the needle stopper and securely tighten the needle clamp screw with the screwdriver. do not loosen the needle clamp screw too much. a the needle clamp onto the needle bar so that As seen from the front of the machine. and then screw counterclockwise to remove the needle.

be sure to select an appropriate stitch (straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2). ● Do not sew with bent needles. ● When using the twin needle. the machine. and damage the machine. Other needles could break. See page 16 for more details. You can use the same color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches. c Needle bar thread guide a First spool b Second spool c the machine to the needle bar thread guide. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. the needle may bend or break.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Sewing with a twin needle (Option) We have designed your machine so you can sew with the optional twin needle and two top threads. the needle may bend or break. thread guide. e the machine to the thread take-up lever. d Thread the left needle from front to back. ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. otherwise the needle may break or the machine may be damaged. Put the second spool of thread onto the extra spool pin. CAUTION ● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: X57521-021). The needle could break and injure you. single needle (page 20). See page 16 for more details. Use the thread from the second spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the thread take-up lever is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). b Right needle thread passes in front of the needle bar thread guide. ● When changing the sewing direction. be sure to raise the needle before turning the fabric. If the needle hits the presser foot. b Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of Attach the extra spool pin. a Left needle thread passes through the needle bar thread guide. The stitches available for twin-needle sewing are straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2. Use the thread from the first spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the needle bar thread guide is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). f Do not pass the thread behind the needle bar Thread the right needle from front to back. ■ Twin needle threading a Attach the twin needle in the same way as a Attach the twin needle. 22 .

a Presser foot holder b Shank c Pin f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the presser foot holder. and may cause injury. 23 . Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). Position the presser foot so the letter indicating the presser foot type (A. I.) is positioned to be read. b turning the handwheel toward you e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the Place a different presser foot below the holder shank in the holder. the machine will start and you may be injured.REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT CAUTION ● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. a Black button b Presser foot holder CAUTION ● Before replacing the presser foot. If you use the wrong presser foot. a Presser foot lever a Presser foot lever The presser foot is attached. Using other any presser feet may cause an accident or injury. 1 Replacing the presser foot Replace the presser foot as described below. etc. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. c Raise the presser foot lever. ● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. d presser foot holder to release the presser foot. ● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. a turn it off. Press the black button at the back of the If the sewing machine has been turned on. If you leave the power on and step on the controller. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break.

refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw Note ● If the presser foot holder is not correctly installed. Raise the presser foot lever to check that the ■ Attaching the presser foot holder a left side of the presser bar. ■ Removing the presser foot holder a Remove the presser foot. a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw 24 . the thread tension will be incorrect.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— g presser foot is securely attached. a Presser foot holder b Presser bar b your right hand. and then tighten the screw Hold the presser foot holder in place with using the screwdriver in your left hand. such as the quilting foot. Use the screwdriver to remove the presser foot holder. Align the presser foot holder with the lower- Removing the presser foot holder Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that does not use the presser foot holder. b holder screw. • For details.

keep your hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel. otherwise injuries may occur. For details on replacing the presser foot. possibly resulting in injuries. ● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing. otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may break. Position the fabric. Before operating the sewing machine. Bent needles can easily break. 4 Start sewing. ● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins. For details on selecting a stitch. refer to “Power supply” (page 10). pay special attention to the needle location. 2 CAUTION ● While the machine is in operation. For details on turning on the machine. read the following precautions. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). otherwise the needle may break or bend. In addition. 25 . Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn. Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch. and then start sewing. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). 3 Attach the presser foot. Turn on the sewing machine. For details on starting to sew. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). cut the threads. 1 Turn on the machine. General sewing procedure Follow the basic procedures below to sew. 2 Select the stitch. When sewing is finished. ● Never use bent needles.2 SEWING BASICS SEWING Basic sewing operations are described below.

aPattern selection dial Number on dial Stitch name 4-step automatic buttonhole b Pattern ac d Page 1 36 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 32.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Selecting stitching Turning the stitch selection dial in either direction. 43 7 Straight stitch (Left needle position) Stretch blind Stitch 33 8 33 9 Shell tuck stitch 43 10 Elastic stitch 44 26 . 40. select the desired stitch. 35. 33. 41 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Zigzag (satin) stitch 6 Straight stitch (Center needle position) Select the desired length.

c Raise the presser foot lever. pass pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread toward the rear of the machine. i turning the handwheel toward you a 5 cm (2 inches) j Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). turn the handwheel While holding the end of the thread and the Turn on the sewing machine. 27 . f Lower the presser foot lever. h Take your foot off the foot controller. The machine stops sewing.Starting to sew a e fabric with your left hand. The machine starts sewing. and then Place the fabric under the presser foot. Raise the presser foot lever. a Presser foot lever d the thread under the presser foot. 2 b turning the handwheel toward you Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). a Presser foot lever g Slowly press down on the foot controller. toward you (counterclockwise) with your right hand to lower the needle to the starting point of the stitching.

Thread tension The thread tension will affect the quality of your stitches. 1 2 3 a b c d Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever 4 ■ Upper tension is too tight Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. ● We recommend you do a test sample on a scrap of fabric before you start to sew. 28 . You may need to adjust it when you change fabric or thread. release the reverse sewing 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. cutter on the back of the presser foot bar to cut them. ■ Correct tension Correct tension is important as too much or too little tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers on your fabric. Memo ● Before beginning to change tension adjustments make sure the upper thread and bobbin are inserted correctly. Note ● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly inserted. a Thread cutter Sewing in reverse Reverse sewing is used to lock the threads at the end of the seam or wherever reinforcement is needed. a while sewing. b lever. To sew forward. In this case.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— k and then pass the threads through the thread Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. refer to “Lower threading” (page 14) and reinsert the bobbin. the upper thread may be too tight.

Note ● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded. Note ● The bobbin thread tension has been adjusted at the factory for general use. be sure to return the screw to its original position before the next time that the machine is used. increase the tension in the bobbin by turning the screw clockwise with a small screwdriver. 29 . If the problem persists. For most sewing applications.■ Upper tension is too loose Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops may appear on the surface of the fabric when sewing thin fabric with thin thread. Be sure not to turn the screw more than one full turn. the upper thread may be too loose. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 4 2 2 3 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. refer to “Upper threading” (page 16) and rethread. no adjustment is needed. In this case. In addition.

For the trial sewing. Lower the presser foot lever and continue CAUTION ● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inches) thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much force. be sure to raise the needle before changing the sewing direction. Raise the presser foot lever. raise the presser foot lever even higher to bring the presser foot to its highest position. If the needle was raised. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. and then slightly change the sewing direction to sew around the curve. the needle may bend or break. perform the trial sewing under the same conditions that will be used with your project. c sewing. CAUTION ● When using the twin needle. and check the thread tension and stitch length and width. Sewing thick fabrics ■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser foot. Sewing curves Stop sewing. Since the results differ depending on the type of stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn. lower the needle by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise).SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— USEFUL SEWING TIPS Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. and then turn the b fabric. the needle may bend or break. When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag stitch. 30 . Changing the sewing direction a sewing machine. stop the Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). depending on the type of fabric and stitching being sewn. Trial sewing A trial piece of fabric should be sewn since. the desired results may not be achieved. use a piece of fabric and thread that are the same as those used for your project. Refer to these tips when sewing your project. When the stitching reaches a corner. Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot. select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain a finer stitch.

To change your machine to the free-arm style. tear off any excess paper. and then pull the flat bed attachment out to remove it. the stitching may become misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. and then sew without stretching the fabric. a Basting Using a free-arm style Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular and hard-to-reach areas.Sewing thin fabrics When sewing thin fabrics. place thin paper or stabilizer material under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric. a Flat bed attachment 31 . When you have finished sewing. 2 a Stabilizer material or paper Sewing stretch fabrics First. baste the pieces of fabric together. lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment toward you. If this occurs.

• For details. They are also useful for sewing stretch materials. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. If the needle hits the presser foot. CAUTION ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Overcasting and attaching appliqués. • For details. d When sewing is finished. use straight stitches at the beginning and end of the zigzag stitch for reinforcement. Lower the needle into the fabric at the b beginning of the stitching. Stitch name Application c Start sawing.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— 3 UTILITY STITCHES USEFUL STITCHES Zigzag stitches You can use the zigzag stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. • For details. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). cut the thread. the needle may bend or break. Select the desired width. Memo ● When sewing with a zigzag stitch. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). 32 . Zigzag (satin) stitch a Select a stitch.

Number on dial 8 Stitch name Stretch blind Stitch Application Blind hem stitching on stretch fabrics. Two stitches are available for basic stitching. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Blind hem stitching You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project. and position) sewing gathers or darning. • For details. c beginning of the stitching. 7 a Reverse the skirt or pants. e When sewing is finished. and press.Basic stitching Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. <Seen from the side> a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric 33 . d Lower the needle into the fabric at the Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the Start sewing. like the hem of a pair of trousers. • For details. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). a Right side of fabric b Bottom side b hem. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). 3 Select a stitch. basic (Center needle stitching. without the stitch showing. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. sewing gathers or pintucks. etc. a b Baste or pin together the fabric pieces. cut the thread. • For details. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). etc. Straight stitch (Left needle position) Basic stitching.

<Seen from the side> a b c d Wrong side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Arm 34 . g free-arm sewing possible. and position the <Seen from the side> <Seen from the side> a b c d e d Wrong side of fabric Right side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting stitching 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Wrong side of fabric b Basting c Edge of fabric f Select the stretch blind stitch (8). Remove the flat bed attachment and make • For details on free-arm sewing. Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the and then start sewing. Fold back the fabric inside along the basting. h arm. make sure that the fabric feeds correctly. and Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm then baste it. refer to“Using a free-arm style” (page 31).UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— c (3/16 inches) from the edge of the fabric. Unfold the edge of fabric. e fabric with the wrong side facing up.

and then remove both the aNeedle bNeedle drop point cFold of hem dWrong side of fabric j Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. e filled with parallel stitching. alternately drawing the Start sewing while gently moving the fabric fabric away and pulling it toward you. Darning Reinforce points that will be subject to strain. etc. c presser foot together with a fabric underlay a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric d with your hands. and position) sewing gathers or darning. Remove the basting stitching and turn the k fabric right side up. basic (Center needle stitching. b Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). For invisible stitching.i catches the fold of the hem. a shown below. and then lower Position the fabric so that the needle slightly the presser foot lever. 3 Sew along the fold of the hem. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Attaching Straight stitch zippers. Stop sewing when the portion to be darned is 35 . make sure that both threads are the same color as the fabric. Place the fabric to be darned under the for reinforcement.

as shown below. ● When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics. are indicated below.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— BUTTONHOLE SEWING Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on. 36 . Stitch name Application Memo ● Before sewing buttonholes. a Reinforcement stitching c buttonhole (1). a b c d Presser foot scale Pin Marks on buttonhole foot 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Mark on fabric b Red marks on the sliding insert e Start sewing. Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back. Number on dial 1 4-step automatic buttonhole Buttonholes on medium weight fabrics. Pass the upper thread down through the hole in the presser foot. which is used for sewing buttonholes. place stabilizer material under the fablic. Select stitch “a” of the 4-step automatic Making the buttonhole The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”. a the buttonhole on the fabric. check the stitch length and width by sewing a trial buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric. Step Step a (Front end of button hole) Step b (Left side) Sewn portion Use chalk to mark the position and length of 1 Step c (Back end of button hole) a Marks on fabric Step d (Right side) b outside frame back until the sliding insert Attach buttonhole foot “A” and push the reaches the front of the outside frame. d that the middle of the front chalk line is Position the fabric under the presser foot so directly in the center of the presser foot and aligned with the two red lines on the insert. Sew 5 to 6 stitches.

For reinforcement. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. do not place your hands in the cutting path. Sew the right side of the stitching sewn in step e. g buttonhole (1). Do not use the seam ripper in any other way than how it is intended. Raise the presser foot lever. 3 Start sewing. p stitching to prevent the stitching from being Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole cut.f of the stitching. remove the 37 . and then use a seam ripper to cut towards the pin and open the buttonhole. o fabric. i side of the stitching. and then sew the length of the h chalk line. select the straight stitch (6 through 10) with the desired length. k CAUTION ● When opening the buttonhole with the seam ripper. l side of the stitching. Select stitch “d” of the 4-step automatic n buttonhole until the needle reaches the Start sewing. m buttonhole (1). Select stitch “b” of the 4-step automatic 2 Start sewing. and then sew to the edge of the front bar tack. and cut the thread. and then raise the needle by Stop sewing when the needle is at the left side turning the handwheel toward you. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. 1 a Seam ripper b Pin Select stitch “c” (same as “a”) of the 4-step j automatic buttonhole (1). Sew 5 to 6 stitches. turn the fabric 90 degrees counterclockwise. otherwise injuries may result if the seam ripper slips.

d the fabric. Number of dial 2 3 4 Attach the button sewing foot “M”. and then select the Measure the distance between the holes in the appropriate zigzag stitch (2. slide the button so that the needle goes into the two holes toward the rear of the sewing machine. first sew the two holes closest to you.6 mm (1/16 inches) 3. and then sew them in the same way. 38 . Place a button between the presser foot and • When attaching four-hole buttons. 3 or 4) according to the following table. Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Adjusting buitching stitching If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not uniform. a button to be attached.8 mm (3/16 inches) b ■ If the right side is too loose compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the direction. c shown below. Place the darning plate on the needle plate as ■ If the right side is too tight compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the + direction. Then. the stitching can adjusted with the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw. a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw Distance between holes 1.2 mm (1/8 inches) 4. Button sewing Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine.

leaving a length of 15 cm (6 inches). press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew a few reinforcement stitches. 39 . and Pull the upper thread at the end of the then tie it with the bobbin thread. Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. return to step a. Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching. g and then cut the upper and lower threads. • After sewing for about 10 seconds at a low speed. h stitching to the wrong side of the fabric. be sure that the needle does not touch the button. otherwise the needle may bend or break. CAUTION ● When sewing. f 3 Start sewing.e (counterclockwise) to check that the needle Turn the handwheel toward you correctly goes into the two holes of the button. If the needle hits the button.

UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— ZIPPER INSERTION You can use the zipper foot “I” to sew different types of zippers. attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. and position) sewing gathers or darning. CAUTION ● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper during sewing. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. the needle may break and you may be injured. When sewing the right side of the zipper. a Zipper foot “I” b Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper c Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). etc. e the foot by pressing the button located at the To sew the opposite side of the zipper. You may also be injured. b left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the shank. and can easily position it to the right or left side of the needle. Fold the edge of the fabric 2 cm (3/4 inches) c and place the zipper under the folded section. basic (Center needle stitching. release back of the presser foot. When sewing the left side of the zipper. attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot. the needle will hit the presser foot and break the needle. fit the zipper foot on the other side of the zipper and continue sewing using the other side notch. CAUTION ● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the needle does not hit the presser foot before you start sewing. Lower the needle into the notch located either on the left or right side of the zipper foot. If the needle hits the zipper. The needle should be Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the positioned on the zipper side of the foot for best results. If you choose a different stitch. 40 . Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application d top on both sides.

Select the desired width. as the needle can break. if necessary. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING Zigzag stitches can be used for sewing appliqués. and then remove both the Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly.APPLIQUÉ. Cut away any fabric that is left outside the Select a stitch. monogramming and embroidering. e Remove the basting. Zigzag (satin) stitch Appliqués You can create an appliqué by cutting a different piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a decoration. 41 . d stitching. a b CAUTION ● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin during sewing. You may also be injured. Monogramming and embroidering a shown below. Baste the cut design to the fabric. Stitch name Application c Carefully sew around the edge of the design. 3 Memo ● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. Overcasting and attaching appliqués.

and then sew a few stitches to reinforce the stitching. Select the desired length for straight stitch (6) Memo ● When the hoop is moved quickly. ■ Monogramming Sew the lettering at a constant speed by moving the hoop slowly. d the surface of the fabric facing up inside the Put the fabric in the embroidery hoop with well. and support the outside of the hoop with your little fingers. Place the project under the needle and lower f at the starting position by turning the Draw up the lower thread through the project handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). i and sew a few stitches for reinforcing. e the presser bar. the stitches are shorter. fabric with the middle and third fingers. CAUTION ● Be sure to keep your fingers away from moving parts. the stitches are longer. h Start sewing. especially needles. sew to completely fill in the design with stitches by alternately sewing from the outline of the design to the inside and from the inside to the outline. When the hoop is moved slowly. 42 . Then. ■ Embroidering Sew along the outline of the design by moving the hoop slowly.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— b Select a stitch. g forefingers of both hands while pressing the Grip the hoop with the thumbs and Memo ● Be sure to keep the stitches close together. c design (for embroidering) on the surface of Draw the lettering (for monogramming) or the fabric.

refer to “Thread tension” (page 28). etc. c slightly off the edge of the fabric. Select the shell tuck stitch (9). a Attaching zippers. c stitches. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). They are used to decorate trims. and then iron the tucks 43 .DECORATIVE STITCHING Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine. d Smooth the gathers by ironing them. Unfold the fabric. Fold the fabric along the bias. Gathering Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Shell tuck stitching Number on dial 9 Shell tuck stitch Shell tuck stitching The gathers that look like shells are called “shell tucks”. the front of blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics. Straight stitch basic stitching. Stitch name Application a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). • For details. Sew a single or multiple parallel rows of • Do not sew reverse stitches or cut the thread. and increase • For details. Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers. Loosen the tension of the upper thread (to 3 b about 2). b the thread tension. Sew while making sure that the needle drops d down to one side. (Center needle and sewing position) gathers or darning.

start sewing the edges of the two fabrics together. and then place them under the presser foot with the fabric edges under the center of the presser foot. ■ Mending Place the reinforcement fabric under the tear to be mended. and then sew over the tear. sewing Elastic stitching elastic tape or joining fabric. Memo ● Make reinforcing reverse stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Elastic stitching Number on dial 10 Stitch name Application Mending. ■ Sewing elastic tape Place the elastic tape on the fabric. ■ Joining fabric Put the edges of the two pieces of fabric together. sewing elastic or joining fabric. Select the elastic stitch (10). The elastic stitch can be used in 3 ways: mending. 44 . and then sew over the elastic tape while holding the tape both in front and behind the presser foot. Then. Each is explained below.

● Do not apply too much oil as it may soil the thread and fabric. ● Unplug the power supply cord before changing the bulb. a b Turn off the machine and unplug it. Put 2 to 3 drops of oil at each of the points Be sure to wipe any excess oil off the machine. After oiling. If you use it more often. run the machine for a short time Memo ● Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day.4 APPENDIX MAINTENANCE Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below. 45 . otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. ● Sewing machine oil is available at your local sewing machine dealer or service center. Oiling a Changing the bulb CAUTION Turn off the machine and unplug it. Note ● Hold the face plate securely while removing or attaching it. oil every day. c Remove the face plate from the machine. b indicated below. c at a fast speed without thread. 4 Loosen the face plate screw.

lightly soak a cloth in neutral detergent. a Bobbin case latch e ring to remove it. Cleaning the shuttle race CAUTION ● Be sure to unplug the machine before cleaning it.APPENDIX d ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Replace the sewing light bulb. After cleaning it once with a wet cloth. Slide the latch levers out from the retaining CAUTION ● Unplug the power supply cord before cleaning the machine. Raise the needle and the presser foot. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. wipe it again with a dry cloth. Remove the flat bed attachment and open the Attach the face plate and fasten the screw d toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. squeeze it out firmly. a Retaining ring b Latch lever 46 . a bulb b Loosen c Tighten e again. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. Cleaning the machine surface If the surface of the machine is dirty. and c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. and then wipe the surface of the machine.

c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. Remove the hook by grasping its center post k the needle before using the machine. Raise the needle and the presser foot. Otherwise. a Retaining ring b Driver c Race body h wipe the shuttle race in order to remove any Use a cloth dampened with machine oil to lint. f screwdriver. Use a brush to remove any accumulated lint driver and race body. a Retaining ring b Hook c Hook center post g and thread from the retaining ring.f and pulling it out. the presser foot and Cleaning the feed dogs CAUTION ● Make sure you unplug the machine before you clean it. j and push the latch levers back into position. and Remove the flat bed attachment and open the 4 Remove the needle plate by using a coin or d screwdriver to remove the screws. hook. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. e part of the feed dogs and shuttle race body. Attach the bobbin case. Use a brush to clean the lint from the upper Reassemble the hook and the retaining ring. Attach the needle plate by using a coin or a Retaining ring b Hook c Latch lever 47 . Clean the lint from the shuttle hook in the i same manner as described in step h. you may get an electric shock or be injured.

After you adjust the bobbin thread. 48 . ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. ● Save this packing material in case it is needed to transport this sewing machine. For most sewing applications. pack it properly as described below. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. Therefore. In this case.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Repacking the machine Keep the carton and packing materials for future use. no adjustment is needed. When packing up the machine again. IMPORTANT ● This packing material is designed to prevent damage in transit. Note ● If the loops still appear on the surface of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. the thread tension must be adjusted according to the procedure described below. damage may occur during shipping. If it is not packed properly. approximately 30-45 degrees to increase bobbin tension. Note ● Remember to return the screw to its original setting before starting your next project. the thread tension may not be adjusted adequately with the upper tension control dial. When sewing with thin thread on thin fabrics. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. turn the screw clockwise. being careful not to over-tighten the screw. a Screw Bobbin case tension adjustment The bobbin thread tension has already been adjusted at the factory for general use. the bobbin thread may be too loose.

After you adjust the bobbin thread. turn the screw counterclockwise being careful not to over-loosen the screw. the bobbin thread may be too tight. 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 2 3 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. Note ● If the loops still appear on the wrong side of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. approximately 30-45 degrees to decrease bobbin tension.■ Bobbin tension is too tight Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. 4 a Screw 49 . adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. In this case.

brother. The area around the hole in the nee. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You can solve most problems by yourself. The bobbin case is scratched. or the thread has come out of the guide above the needle. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. (for example. Symptom Possible cause The machine is not plugged in. for example. The upper thread tension is too tight.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— TROUBLESHOOTING If the machine stops operating correctly. The needle is not appropriate for the thread you are using. 41 page 28 – – The main power switch is turned off. If you need additional help. Remove the tangle thread. Use the foot controller properly. page 16 The upper thread breaks. 38. contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center. The thread is tangled.com]. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Visit us at [http://solutions. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Insert the needle properly. Lightly guide the fabric. authorized service center. 36. You have not used the foot controller properly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. – page 19 page 28 page 46 The upper thread tension is too tight. thread and needle. check the following possible problems before requesting service. 40. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. The presser foot you are using is not appropriate for the type of stitch that you want to sew. The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to the right. Move the bobbin winder shaft to the left. The needle breaks. Reference page 10 page 10 page 13 page 11 page 20 page 21 page 20 page 19 page 35. If the problem persists. The needle is bent or blunt. There are knots or tangles in the thread. Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten the screw. How to put it right Plug the machine in. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. You have not inserted the needle properly.Replace the needle plate. You are pulling the fabric too much. the Brother Solutions Center offers the latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. Loosen the upper thread tension. 50 . Turn on the main power switch. – – page 12 Correct the upper threading. Replace the bobbin case. you have not fitted the spool properly. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched.) Replace the presser foot. Replace the needle. The needle clamp screw is loose. in the shuttle race. The sewing machine does not work. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Choose a needle that is appropriate for the type of stitch. Remove any knots or tangles. clean the shuttle race. Loosen the upper thread tension. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center.

Wind the bobbin thread properly. authorised service center. Insert the needle properly. Replace the bobbin. foot holder properly. The thread is tangled. The bobbin is scratched or does not turn smoothly. The upper thread was not threaded correctly. Remove the tangled thread and clean the shuttle race. You have not used the right combination of fabric.Replace the needle plate. The lower thread is tangled or breaks. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The upper thread breaks. Replace the bobbin case. or has a burr on it. Reference page 20 page 20 – The area around the hole in the nee. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Correct the upper threading. How to put it right Replace the needle. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. Correctly install the bobbin thread. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The bobbin case is scratched. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. – – page 12 page 12 – page 46 page 12 page 14 page 16 4 Correct the upper threading. Wind the bobbin thread properly.You have not attached the pressersion is incorrect. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The thread is tangled on the wrong side of the fabric. Bobbin is set incorrectly. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center.Symptom Possible cause The needle is bent or blunt. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The bobbin thread is incorrectly installed. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. Bobbin is set incorrectly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. page 16 page 12 page 19 page 24 page 28 page 12 page 14 page 14 51 . The thread tension is incorrect. The upper thread is too tight. thread and needle. You have not inserted the needle properly. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Replace the presser foot. The thread ten. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Attach the presser-foot holder properly.

thread and needle. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. The needle is bent or blunt.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Symptom Possible cause You have not threaded the upper thread properly or fitted the bobbin properly. 16 – page 19 page 20 page 31 page 28 page 16 page 19 page 20 page 46. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. You have not inserted the needle properly. page 33. in the shuttle race. The thread tension is incorrect. Dust has built up in the feed dogs or in the shuttle race. page 45 The presser foot that you are using is not correct for the type of stitch. Sew with stabiliser material under the fabric. Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. Dust has accumulated under the needle plate or in the shuttle race. Remove the tangle thread. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. the stitch is too thick. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. Replace the needle. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Replace the bobbin case. Remove the needle plate cover and clean the plate and the shuttle race. The thread tension is incorrect. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. page 12 Insufficient oiling. Remove the tangle thread. 41 page 28 page 46 page 19 page 46 The fabric does not feed. page 45 52 . If you use it more often. The bobbin case is scratched. thread and needle. for example. Reference page 14. clean the shuttle race. The needle is bent or blunt. The thread is tangled. Replace the needle. oil every day. There is a highpitched noise while sewing. Insert the needle properly. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. The sewing lamp is damaged. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. for example. You have not used bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The thread is tangled. Correct the upper threading. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. 47 page 46 page 16 – The fabric is wrinkled. Clean the shuttle race. 38. The stitch is not sewn correctly. If you are sewing thin fabric. 36. You have not fitted the spool properly. thread and needle. The sewing light bulb does not come on. Change the sewing light bulb. Stitches are skipped. Correct the upper threading. clean the shuttle race. 40. Fit the spool properly. How to put it right Thread the upper thread and wind the bobbin thread properly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. You have not used the right combination of fabric. in the shuttle race.

.................................................. 43 Z H handwheel ...................... 28 53 .................................................................45 overcasting stitches ......................................32 seam ripper ..................................30 thin fabrics ........................ 16 pre-tension disk ............................................................................ 31 F U W winding the bobbin ........................................................................................................................................38 buttonhole foot ....................................... 41 N needle .......................35 E embroidering ...................................................................................... 41 zipper foot ............ 47 O oiling ........................................... 22 upper tension-control dial ...........................................................................................................................................................8........................................6...................................................................9 appliqués ..... 32.................43 shuttle hook removal ....... 37 sewing machine needles ............................................... 22 feed dogs ........................................................................................................................................ 47 flat bed attachment ......................................................33 stretch blind stitch ..........30..................... 14 bobbin winder .......................................................................................................................19 shell tuck stitching ............................................................................................. 31 B basic stitching .............................................................................. 12 P R relative chart of sewing fabrics............................................................ 46 D darning ..... 21 needle plate ............................................8................... 50 twin needle . 29........................................................................47 shuttle race cleaning ............. 16 thread tension .... 12 button sewing ........................................................................................................................33 blind hem stitching .............. 26 presser foot .................................. 8........................................... 48 reverse sewing lever ................................ 16 straight stitch .........32 pattern selection dial ....... 14 bobbin case ................................................................................................10 monogramming ....28.............................................................. 44 M main parts ...........INDEX A accessories ........................................ needles and threads .................................................................................................................................................................................. 7.................................................................................................................16 C cleaning ...................33 stretch fabrics ..31 thread cutter ...................40 zipper insertion ....... 40 G gathering .................................................................................................... 19 repacking ... 41 S satin stitching .............................6 main power switch ..........36 T thick fabrics ...........................8 needle clamp screw ........8.. 28 thread guide ...........27 free-arm style ....................36 buttonhole sewing ............. 8..........33 bobbin ... 21........................................... 28 trial sewing ..................................... 31 foot controller ........................................... 48 upper threading ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 30 troubleshooting ............... 7 J joining .............................................................................................................................................12 zigzag stitches ............................................................................... 23 presser foot holder .............................................................................................47 spool pin ............................................... 41 extra spool pin .......... 19 needle bar thread guide .............................................................8................................................................................................................... 24 presser foot lever .....................................................12.........................................................

English XE4592-001 Printed in China .

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