KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE

SEWING BASICS

UTILITY STITCHES

APPENDIX

Basic Sewing and Mending Machine

Operation Manual
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).

“IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS”
When using the sewing machine, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the following: “Read all instructions before using.”

DANGER – To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. The sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning. 2. Always unplug before changing the light bulb. Replace bulb with same type rated 15 watts.

WARNING – To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons: 1. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the sewing machine is used by or near children. 2. Use this sewing machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual. 3. Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the sewing machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment. 4. Never operate the sewing machine with any of the air openings blocked. Keep the ventilation openings of the sewing machine and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth. 5. Never drop or insert any object into any openings. 6. Do not use this machine outdoors. 7. Do not operate this machine where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered. 8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol “O” position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet. 9. Do not unplug by pulling on the cord. To unplug, grasp the plug and pull, not the cord. 10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle. 11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break. 12. Do not use a bent needle. 13. Do not pull or push the fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break. 14. Switch the sewing machine to the off, symbol “O” position when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as threading the needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin, or changing the presser foot. 15. Always unplug the sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user service adjustments mentioned in this instruction manual. 16. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or impaired persons without supervision. 17. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this sewing machine. “SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS” “This sewing machine is intended for household use.”

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FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following.

IMPORTANT
If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut off and an appropriate three-pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in the plug. NOTE The plug served from the main lead must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug. Always replace the fuse cover, never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted. WARNING DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE LETTER ‘E’, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW. The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue Brown Neutral Live

As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows. The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘N’ or coloured black or blue. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘L’ or coloured red or brown.

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CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING OUR MACHINE
To fully enjoy all the features, we suggest that you study the manual before using the machine.

PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation 1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread takeup lever, needle, or other moving parts. 2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when: • Operation is completed • Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts • A power failure occurs during use • Maintaining the machine • Leaving the machine unattended 3. Do not store anything on the foot controller. 4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords. For a longer service life 1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects. 2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders can damage the case and machine, and should never be used. 3. Do not drop or hit the machine. 4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation. For repair or adjustment In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer. For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.brother.com The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.

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................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 31 3..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 30 Sewing thick fabrics ... 36 Adjusting buitching stitching ............ 12 Lower threading ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8 ACCESSORIES .............................................................................................. 30 Sewing curves .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 Power supply precautions ............................................................................................32 USEFUL STITCHES .................................................................................................................................................................. 19 Checking the needle ........................................................................ 33 Darning .......................... 30 Sewing thin fabrics ........ 6 Needle and presser foot section .............................................................................................................................................. 38 4 .............................................................................................................. 30 Changing the sewing direction ...................................................................................... SEWING BASICS ............................. KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE .................................................................................................. 38 Button sewing ..................................................................... 18 REPLACING THE NEEDLE ............................. 20 Replacing the needle ..................................................... 33 Blind hem stitching .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 30 Trial sewing ........ 11 Steadying the machine .......................................................................... 28 Thread tension ....................................................................................... UTILITY STITCHES ................. 16 Drawing up the lower thread .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 27 Sewing in reverse ................................................................................19 Needle precautions .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— CONTENTS 1.................................................................................................................................. 25 Selecting stitching ................................................................................................................................................... 23 Removing the presser foot holder .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 Zigzag stitches ............................................................ 31 Sewing stretch fabrics ............................................................................. 10 Foot controller ........................................................ 11 THREADING THE MACHINE ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 26 Starting to sew ....................................................................... 28 USEFUL SEWING TIPS ..............................................................................................................................12 Winding the bobbin ................................... 31 Using a free-arm style ..................25 SEWING ............... 8 Flat bed attachment .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6 The main parts .......9 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ...................................................................................................................... 32 Basic stitching ......25 General sewing procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................... 35 BUTTONHOLE SEWING ..... 24 2................................................................................................. 10 Power supply ................................................................................................................36 Making the buttonhole .................................. 19 Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types .......................................................................................................................................................................... 20 Sewing with a twin needle (Option) ........................................................................................... 14 Upper threading ............ 22 REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS ......23 Replacing the presser foot ....................................

.................................................................................................................................................... APPENDIX .....................................................................................................43 Gathering ...................... 48 TROUBLESHOOTING ................... 40 APPLIQUÉ........................................................................... 45 Changing the bulb ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 46 Cleaning the feed dogs ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 48 Bobbin case tension adjustment ...................................................................................................... 46 Cleaning the shuttle race ......................................................................................................... 53 5 ................................................................................................................................................. 41 Appliqués .............................................................................................................................ZIPPER INSERTION ......................................................... 43 Elastic stitching ..................................... 44 4............................................................................... 45 Cleaning the machine surface ............................................................. 47 Repacking the machine .....................................45 Oiling ............................................... MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING ........................................................................ 41 Monogramming and embroidering .................................................................................................... 41 DECORATIVE STITCHING .............................................................45 MAINTENANCE ........................................................................50 INDEX ................................................................................................. 43 Shell tuck stitching ............................................................................................................................................................................

6 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— 1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS The main parts a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw (page 38) Turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw to adjust buttonhole stitching when it is not uniform. e Flat bed attachment with accessory storage (page 8 and 31) f Reverse sewing lever (page 28) Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew in the opposite direction. b Pattern selection dial (page 26) Turn the pattern selection dial to select the number of the stitch that you want to use. c Thread take-up lever (page 16) d Upper tension control dial (page 28) This controls the tension of the upper thread.

XC7456-321 (U. XC7438-321 (220/240V Area). n Presser foot lever (page 16) Use the presser foot lever to raise and lower the presser foot. New Zealand).1 g Built-in handle h Spool pin (page 12 and 16) The spool pin holds the spool of thread. m Thread cutter (page 28) Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them. l Foot controller jack/jack Insert the foot controller plug into the foot controller jack. XC7438-321 (Russia) 7 . k Main power/sewing light switch (page 10) Use this switch to turn on and off the main power and sewing light. XC7359-021 (110/120V Area). i Bobbin winder (page 12) The bobbin winder winds thread onto the bobbin for use as the lower thread. which also supplies power to this machine.). o Bobbin winding pre-tension disc/thread guide (page 12 and 16) The thread guide/bobbin winding pre-tension disc is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin and threading the machine. XD0852-021 (Korea). XE0629-001 (Australia.K. j Handwheel Use the handwheel to manually raise and lower the needle. Part code. p Foot controller (page 11) Use the foot controller to control the sewing speed and to start and stop sewing.

and then pull the flat bed Lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment attachment out to remove it. If the accessories are not in a bag. 8 . they may fall out. a Flat bed attachment b Storage compartment a Presser foot holder assembly The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder assembly. d Feed dogs The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction. h Bobbin case i Needle j Needle bar thread guide k Needle clamp screw Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place. and be lost or damaged. c Presser foot (Zigzag) The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the fabric as the sewing takes place. f Shuttle hook g Shuttle cover Open the shuttle cover to set the bobbin. a toward you. Note ● Put the accessories in the bag. and then store the bag inside the compartment. b Presser foot screw Use the presser foot screw to hold the presser foot holder assembly in place. e Needle plate The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing straight seams.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Needle and presser foot section Flat bed attachment The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment. Attach the appropriate presser foot for the selected stitching.

75/11 1 needle 90/14 1 needle 100/16 1 needle 7. ● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer. 1 2 3 4 Part Name Buttonhole foot “A” Zipper foot “I” Button sewing foot “M” Darning plate Part Code U. 4. 5 6 7 8 Part Name Bobbin (3) Needle set Screwdriver Extra spool pin Part Code U. 3.S. (Part number: 138135-122) 1. No. We have designed these accessories to help you be able to carry out most sewing tasks.S. 1 Note (For U.A. 8. 5. 2. 6.S.A. / Canada Others X59369-321 X59370-021 XE2137-001 XA3442-121 No.A. / Canada Others XA5539-151 SA156 129583-021 X55467-021 130920-021 9 . (Part code: 132730-122) ● A replacement for the factory-installed presser foot is available through your authorized dealer.ACCESSORIES The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment. N This foot controller can be used on the following machine models: LS-2220/2720/1520/2125/2125i. only) ● Foot controller: Model KD-1902.

or lead to fire or electric shock. Power supply a between the foot controller and the power b Set the main power switch to “I”. The sewing lamp comes on when the machine is turned on. pulled. ● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. always turn off the main power first.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Power supply precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply. ● When unplugging the machine. or damage to the machine. into the jack on the machine. insert the power supply plug into a wall outlet. forcefully bent. take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use. twisted. Always grasp the plug to remove it from the outlet. damaged. These things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. located supply plug on the cord. Fire or electric shock may result. ● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances: • When you are away from the machine • After using the machine • When the power fails during use • When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection • During electrical storms CAUTION ● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord. Otherwise a fire may result. Electric shock may result. ● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Then. Using other power sources may result in fire. ● Do not allow the power cord to be cut. electric shock. modified. Do not subject the cord to heat. Insert the foot controller plug. If the cord or plug is damaged. or bundled. a Foot controller plug 10 . Do not place heavy objects on the cord. WARNING ● Use only regular household electricity for the power source.

A. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet. the machine will run at a low speed. the machine’s speed will increase. Do not modify the plug in any way. ● A new sewing machine or one that has not been in use for a long period of time should be oiled as described on page 45. When you press harder. reverse the plug. After oiling. Note ● If a power outage occurs while the sewing machine is being operated. When restarting the sewing machine. To reduce the risk of electric shock. CAUTION ● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build up on the foot controller. Foot controller CAUTION ● When connecting the foot controller. the machine will stop. Doing so could cause a fire or an electric shock. this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. If it still does not fit. be sure to turn off the sewing machine in order to prevent the machine from accidentally being started. 1 Slower Faster You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot controller when the machine is not in use. When you take your foot off the foot controller. (For U. contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. follow the necessary procedure to correctly operate the machine. 11 .S. Steadying the machine If the sewing machine has been placed on an uneven surface. When you press the foot controller down lightly. be sure to wipe off any excess oil. The sewing lamp goes off when the machine is turned off. turn the rubber cushion in the right-front corner of the base plate to adjust its height until the sewing machine is stable. only) ● This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other). turn off the sewing machine and unplug the power supply cord. set the main power ”.c switch to “ To turn off the machine.

until the spring on the shaft slides into the groove of the bobbin. c the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin. 1 Pulling it in as far as possible. Pass the end of the thread through the hole on a Spring on the shaft b Groove of the bobbin e Turn on the sewing machine. If you use bobbins from other models. SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing machine. a Pre-tension disk b Bobbin winder shaft c Bobbin CAUTION ● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine. the machine will not work properly. SFB: XA5539-151). ● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. 12 . Actual size 11. Turn the bobbin clockwise. by hand. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is not in the right place. b Other models d and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— THREADING THE MACHINE Winding the bobbin This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin. the thread may tangle on the spool pin. and Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft Pass the thread around the pre-tension disk.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model a then put a spool of thread on this pin.

breaking the needle and resulting in injury. slide the bobbin winder shaft around the bobbin a few times. If you do not cut the thread completely. i spinning slowly. ● The needle bar does not move when you slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right. and the bobbin is wound. this is not a malfunction. Cut the thread. Memo ● When the sewing machine is started or the handwheel is turned after winding the thread around the bobbin. gently j to the left and remove the bobbin.f press the foot controller to wind the thread While holding the end of the thread. when the thread runs low it may tangle around the bobbin and cause the needle to break. the machine will make a clicking sound. ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. h 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 Press the foot controller to start. 13 . take your foot off the foot When the bobbin seems full and begins controller. CAUTION ● Make sure you follow the instructions carefully. 1 CAUTION g Trim the excess thread above the bobbin. Then stop the machine.

Actual size 11. If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine starts to sew. SFB: XA5539-151). and then insert the bobbin Unwind about 10 cm (4 inches) of thread into the bobbin case. Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction. you could be injured. a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) Raise the needle to its highest position by turning and raise the presser foot lever. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. ● The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. If bobbins from other models are used.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— b attachment at the front of the machine. CAUTION ● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction. a Flat bed attachment b Shuttle cover 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 c toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle. 14 .5 mm (7/16 inches) This model Other models a Bobbin case latch d from a full bobbin. Open the shuttle cover behind the flat bed Lower threading Install the bobbin wound with thread. the machine will not operate correctly. CAUTION ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. • Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine. CAUTION ● Make sure you turn the power off while threading the machine.

until it enters Pull the trailing thread through the slot. a Bobbin case finger b Notch g Close the shuttle cover. 1 a Tension spring f the bobbin case into the shuttle race. and then Hold the bobbin case by the latch. fully insert release the latch. 15 . down the delivery eye under the tension spring. • Make sure the bobbin case finger fits into the notch at the top of the shuttle race. as shown below. it will fall out from the shuttle when the machine starts to sew. If it is incorrectly installed.e and to the left. CAUTION ● Make sure that the bobbin case is properly placed back into the machine.

a lever. then the front one. the sewing machine can not be threaded. a b c d Spool pin Thread guide (rear) Thread guide (front) Thread take-up lever CAUTION ● Make sure you thread the machine properly. the thread may tangle on the spool pin and cause the needle to break. • If the needle is not correctly raised. Otherwise. the thread could tangle and break the needle. Raise the presser foot using the presser foot c then put a spool of thread on this pin.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Upper threading Set the upper thread and thread the needle. or is set incorrectly. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. d guides: the rear one first. a Upper tension control dial b Thread check spring 16 . Be sure to turn the handwheel before threading the sewing machine. a Presser foot lever e tension control dial from the right to the left Feed the upper thread through both thread Pull the thread down and around the upper so the thread picks up the thread check spring. Raise the needle by turning the handwheel b toward you (counterclockwise) to raise the thread take-up lever to its highest position. and CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is in the wrong place.

1 g lever from right to left. h guide above the needle. then feeding the thread with your right hand. Make sure you raise the presser foot lever and the thread take-up lever before you feed the upper thread.f pull it between the tension discs. ● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may cause sewing problems. Thread the needle from front to back and pull a Thread take-up lever a 5 cm (2 inches) Note ● If the thread take-up lever is lowered. Guide the thread through the thread take-up a Needle bar thread guide i out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread. Put the thread behind the needle bar thread The thread can easily be passed behind the needle bar thread guide by holding the thread in your left hand. the upper thread cannot be wrapped around the thread take-up lever. While holding the thread as shown below. 17 .

KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Drawing up the lower thread a Lightly hold the end of the upper thread. turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower a Upper thread b Lower thread 18 . d threads and pull them toward the back of the Pull out about 15 cm (6 inches) of both machine under the presser foot. a Upper thread b raise the needle to its highest position by While holding the end of the upper thread. a Upper thread b Lower thread c thread.

your machine. Chiffon 65/9 Needle sizes Thread sizes Cotton: 80 Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Fine Mercerized Cotton Cotton: 60-80 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50 Cotton: 50-60 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50-60 Cotton: 40-50 Mercerized Heavy Duty Polyester Long Fiber Cotton Wrapped Polyester Polyester Long Fiber Lightweight Voile. ● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased. Sewing fabrics Very thin Fine tricot. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below. Canvas. Refer to the following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew. Gingham. the thicker the thread. Corduroy. Velvet. Pique. 1 CAUTION ● Only use home sewing machine needles. Tricot Memo ● The smaller the thread number. Silk. Use the same size thread for the upper (spool) and lower (bobbin) threads. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the machine. Silk. Needle precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle.REPLACING THE NEEDLE This section provides information on sewing machine needles. Linen. 90/14 (Ball point) Jersey. Satin. Taffeta. Suitings. possibly resulting in injury. 75/11 Synthetics. regardless of the fabric being sewn.) Fine corduroy. and the larger the needle number. Double knit. Duck 100/16 Medium weight Heavyweight Knits Single knit. Percale. Failure to observe these precautions is extremely dangerous. 19 . ● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with transparent nylon threads. 90/14 (Supplied with Lightweight wool. the thicker the needle. ● Never use bent needles. Gabardine. Tweed. Muslin Denim. Bent needles can easily break. Thin linen. Poplin. Fine lace. ● Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur. Organza. Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Batiste Cotton.

In addition. b turning the handwheel toward you 1 2 Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). a Flat side b Needle type marking ■ Correct needle c Lower the presser foot lever. a Turn off the sewing machine. particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11). Replacing the needle Replace the needle as described below. 1 a Flat surface ■ Incorrect needle If the distance between the needle and the flat surface is not even. a Presser foot lever 1 a Flat surface 20 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— CAUTION ● The appropriate fabric. thread and needle is not correct. Before using the needle. Do not use a bent needle. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. If the combination of the fabric. CAUTION ● Before replacing the needle. Checking the needle Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous since the needle may break while the machine is being operated. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. the needle is bent. place the flat side of the needle on a flat surface and check that the distance between the needle and the flat surface is even. the needle may bend or break. thread and needle combinations are shown in the table on the previous page. the stitching may be uneven or puckered or there may be skipped stitches. Use the screwdriver and a needle that has been determined to be straight according to the instructions in “Checking the needle” .

clamp screw by turning it clockwise. follow the procedure below to attach it to the needle bar. slide the needle clamp screw is on the right side and the needle bar thread guide is at the bottom. a Needle clamp screw b Needle bar thread guide c Needle bar b with the end of the needle bar. insert the needle until it With the flat side of the needle toward the touches the needle stopper. and then Align the bottom edge of the needle holder tighten the needle clamp screw. CAUTION ● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches the needle stopper and securely tighten the needle clamp screw with the screwdriver. and then screw counterclockwise to remove the needle. a Needle stopper a b c d Needle bar Needle holder Needle clamp screw Align 21 . otherwise certain parts of the sewing machine may be damaged. e rear of the machine. otherwise the needle may break or damage may result. Therefore. (If the needle clamp screw is loosened too much. the needle clamp (which holds the needle) may fall off. a the needle clamp onto the needle bar so that As seen from the front of the machine.d use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp Hold the needle with your left hand. f use the screwdriver to tighten the needle While holding the needle with your left hand. ■ Installing the needle clamp If the needle clamp is removed.) 1 Install the twin needle in the same way. Note ● The needle can be removed by simply loosening the needle clamp screw about one turn. do not loosen the needle clamp screw too much. a Screwdriver b Needle clamp screw • Do not apply strong force when loosening or tightening the needle clamp screw.

be sure to select an appropriate stitch (straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2). and damage the machine. CAUTION ● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: X57521-021). b Right needle thread passes in front of the needle bar thread guide. The needle could break and injure you. be sure to raise the needle before turning the fabric. f Do not pass the thread behind the needle bar Thread the right needle from front to back. b Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of Attach the extra spool pin. Put the second spool of thread onto the extra spool pin. ● Do not sew with bent needles. 22 . ● When using the twin needle. e the machine to the thread take-up lever. Use the thread from the second spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the thread take-up lever is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). the needle may bend or break. See page 16 for more details. thread guide. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. the needle may bend or break. single needle (page 20). ■ Twin needle threading a Attach the twin needle in the same way as a Attach the twin needle. c Needle bar thread guide a First spool b Second spool c the machine to the needle bar thread guide. ● When changing the sewing direction.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Sewing with a twin needle (Option) We have designed your machine so you can sew with the optional twin needle and two top threads. Use the thread from the first spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the needle bar thread guide is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). You can use the same color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches. d Thread the left needle from front to back. a Left needle thread passes through the needle bar thread guide. If the needle hits the presser foot. otherwise the needle may break or the machine may be damaged. the machine. The stitches available for twin-needle sewing are straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2. Other needles could break. ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. See page 16 for more details.

1 Replacing the presser foot Replace the presser foot as described below. ● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. d presser foot holder to release the presser foot. Using other any presser feet may cause an accident or injury. a Presser foot holder b Shank c Pin f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the presser foot holder. a Black button b Presser foot holder CAUTION ● Before replacing the presser foot. the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break. Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). c Raise the presser foot lever. and may cause injury. a turn it off. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. Press the black button at the back of the If the sewing machine has been turned on. ● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen.REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT CAUTION ● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. Position the presser foot so the letter indicating the presser foot type (A.) is positioned to be read. the machine will start and you may be injured. b turning the handwheel toward you e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the Place a different presser foot below the holder shank in the holder. If you leave the power on and step on the controller. etc. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. a Presser foot lever a Presser foot lever The presser foot is attached. If you use the wrong presser foot. 23 . I.

Raise the presser foot lever to check that the ■ Attaching the presser foot holder a left side of the presser bar. such as the quilting foot. and then tighten the screw Hold the presser foot holder in place with using the screwdriver in your left hand. • For details. Align the presser foot holder with the lower- Removing the presser foot holder Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that does not use the presser foot holder. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23).KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— g presser foot is securely attached. the thread tension will be incorrect. ■ Removing the presser foot holder a Remove the presser foot. b holder screw. a Presser foot holder b Presser bar b your right hand. a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw 24 . Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw Note ● If the presser foot holder is not correctly installed. Use the screwdriver to remove the presser foot holder.

and then start sewing. otherwise injuries may occur. Bent needles can easily break. otherwise the needle may break or bend. 25 . Before operating the sewing machine.2 SEWING BASICS SEWING Basic sewing operations are described below. ● Never use bent needles. pay special attention to the needle location. For details on selecting a stitch. 1 Turn on the machine. refer to “Power supply” (page 10). cut the threads. When sewing is finished. possibly resulting in injuries. 3 Attach the presser foot. In addition. 2 CAUTION ● While the machine is in operation. General sewing procedure Follow the basic procedures below to sew. For details on turning on the machine. keep your hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel. ● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins. For details on starting to sew. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). 2 Select the stitch. For details on replacing the presser foot. Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch. Turn on the sewing machine. Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn. read the following precautions. ● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing. otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may break. 4 Start sewing. Position the fabric. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26).

40. 43 7 Straight stitch (Left needle position) Stretch blind Stitch 33 8 33 9 Shell tuck stitch 43 10 Elastic stitch 44 26 . select the desired stitch. 33. 35. 41 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Zigzag (satin) stitch 6 Straight stitch (Center needle position) Select the desired length. aPattern selection dial Number on dial Stitch name 4-step automatic buttonhole b Pattern ac d Page 1 36 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 32.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Selecting stitching Turning the stitch selection dial in either direction.

c Raise the presser foot lever. The machine stops sewing. a Presser foot lever d the thread under the presser foot. The machine starts sewing. turn the handwheel While holding the end of the thread and the Turn on the sewing machine. pass pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread toward the rear of the machine. 2 b turning the handwheel toward you Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). Raise the presser foot lever. i turning the handwheel toward you a 5 cm (2 inches) j Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise).Starting to sew a e fabric with your left hand. f Lower the presser foot lever. and then Place the fabric under the presser foot. 27 . toward you (counterclockwise) with your right hand to lower the needle to the starting point of the stitching. a Presser foot lever g Slowly press down on the foot controller. h Take your foot off the foot controller.

In this case. ● We recommend you do a test sample on a scrap of fabric before you start to sew. the upper thread may be too tight. To sew forward. Note ● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly inserted. a Thread cutter Sewing in reverse Reverse sewing is used to lock the threads at the end of the seam or wherever reinforcement is needed. You may need to adjust it when you change fabric or thread. Thread tension The thread tension will affect the quality of your stitches. a while sewing. 1 2 3 a b c d Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever 4 ■ Upper tension is too tight Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. refer to “Lower threading” (page 14) and reinsert the bobbin. cutter on the back of the presser foot bar to cut them. 28 . release the reverse sewing 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. ■ Correct tension Correct tension is important as too much or too little tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers on your fabric.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— k and then pass the threads through the thread Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. Memo ● Before beginning to change tension adjustments make sure the upper thread and bobbin are inserted correctly. b lever.

no adjustment is needed. be sure to return the screw to its original position before the next time that the machine is used. Be sure not to turn the screw more than one full turn. For most sewing applications. Note ● The bobbin thread tension has been adjusted at the factory for general use. 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. In this case.■ Upper tension is too loose Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. refer to “Upper threading” (page 16) and rethread. In addition. increase the tension in the bobbin by turning the screw clockwise with a small screwdriver. the upper thread may be too loose. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 4 2 2 3 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. If the problem persists. Note ● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops may appear on the surface of the fabric when sewing thin fabric with thin thread. 29 .

be sure to raise the needle before changing the sewing direction. Trial sewing A trial piece of fabric should be sewn since. When the stitching reaches a corner. the needle may bend or break. Changing the sewing direction a sewing machine. 30 . and then turn the b fabric. raise the presser foot lever even higher to bring the presser foot to its highest position. c sewing. stop the Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). CAUTION ● When using the twin needle. perform the trial sewing under the same conditions that will be used with your project. use a piece of fabric and thread that are the same as those used for your project. Sewing thick fabrics ■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser foot. lower the needle by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. Refer to these tips when sewing your project. depending on the type of fabric and stitching being sewn. the needle may bend or break. For the trial sewing. and then slightly change the sewing direction to sew around the curve. Since the results differ depending on the type of stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn. Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot. Lower the presser foot lever and continue CAUTION ● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inches) thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much force.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— USEFUL SEWING TIPS Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. If the needle was raised. Sewing curves Stop sewing. Raise the presser foot lever. When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag stitch. the desired results may not be achieved. and check the thread tension and stitch length and width. select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain a finer stitch.

place thin paper or stabilizer material under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric. and then pull the flat bed attachment out to remove it. If this occurs. To change your machine to the free-arm style. lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment toward you. When you have finished sewing. a Flat bed attachment 31 . the stitching may become misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. 2 a Stabilizer material or paper Sewing stretch fabrics First. tear off any excess paper. a Basting Using a free-arm style Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular and hard-to-reach areas. and then sew without stretching the fabric. baste the pieces of fabric together.Sewing thin fabrics When sewing thin fabrics.

• For details. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). • For details. Memo ● When sewing with a zigzag stitch. CAUTION ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. Stitch name Application c Start sawing. They are also useful for sewing stretch materials. • For details. 32 . Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. Select the desired width. use straight stitches at the beginning and end of the zigzag stitch for reinforcement. d When sewing is finished. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). If the needle hits the presser foot. cut the thread. Zigzag (satin) stitch a Select a stitch. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27).UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— 3 UTILITY STITCHES USEFUL STITCHES Zigzag stitches You can use the zigzag stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. the needle may bend or break. Lower the needle into the fabric at the b beginning of the stitching.

Basic stitching Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. like the hem of a pair of trousers. sewing gathers or pintucks. Straight stitch (Left needle position) Basic stitching. without the stitch showing. • For details. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Blind hem stitching You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project. • For details. cut the thread. e When sewing is finished. 7 a Reverse the skirt or pants. 3 Select a stitch. etc. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. and press. a b Baste or pin together the fabric pieces. and position) sewing gathers or darning. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). basic (Center needle stitching. d Lower the needle into the fabric at the Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the Start sewing. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). etc. <Seen from the side> a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric 33 . • For details. c beginning of the stitching. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Number on dial 8 Stitch name Stretch blind Stitch Application Blind hem stitching on stretch fabrics. Two stitches are available for basic stitching. a Right side of fabric b Bottom side b hem.

g free-arm sewing possible. Unfold the edge of fabric. refer to“Using a free-arm style” (page 31). Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the and then start sewing.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— c (3/16 inches) from the edge of the fabric. and Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm then baste it. e fabric with the wrong side facing up. make sure that the fabric feeds correctly. h arm. and position the <Seen from the side> <Seen from the side> a b c d e d Wrong side of fabric Right side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting stitching 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Wrong side of fabric b Basting c Edge of fabric f Select the stretch blind stitch (8). Remove the flat bed attachment and make • For details on free-arm sewing. <Seen from the side> a b c d Wrong side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Arm 34 . Fold back the fabric inside along the basting.

For invisible stitching. c presser foot together with a fabric underlay a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric d with your hands. and then lower Position the fabric so that the needle slightly the presser foot lever. make sure that both threads are the same color as the fabric. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Attaching Straight stitch zippers. Remove the basting stitching and turn the k fabric right side up. 3 Sew along the fold of the hem. alternately drawing the Start sewing while gently moving the fabric fabric away and pulling it toward you. and then remove both the aNeedle bNeedle drop point cFold of hem dWrong side of fabric j Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. a shown below. Darning Reinforce points that will be subject to strain. and position) sewing gathers or darning. Place the fabric to be darned under the for reinforcement. e filled with parallel stitching. b Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). basic (Center needle stitching. etc. Stop sewing when the portion to be darned is 35 .i catches the fold of the hem.

UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— BUTTONHOLE SEWING Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on. a the buttonhole on the fabric. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. a b c d Presser foot scale Pin Marks on buttonhole foot 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Mark on fabric b Red marks on the sliding insert e Start sewing. place stabilizer material under the fablic. ● When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics. d that the middle of the front chalk line is Position the fabric under the presser foot so directly in the center of the presser foot and aligned with the two red lines on the insert. a Reinforcement stitching c buttonhole (1). Select stitch “a” of the 4-step automatic Making the buttonhole The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”. which is used for sewing buttonholes. as shown below. check the stitch length and width by sewing a trial buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric. Stitch name Application Memo ● Before sewing buttonholes. are indicated below. Number on dial 1 4-step automatic buttonhole Buttonholes on medium weight fabrics. Pass the upper thread down through the hole in the presser foot. 36 . Step Step a (Front end of button hole) Step b (Left side) Sewn portion Use chalk to mark the position and length of 1 Step c (Back end of button hole) a Marks on fabric Step d (Right side) b outside frame back until the sliding insert Attach buttonhole foot “A” and push the reaches the front of the outside frame. Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back.

do not place your hands in the cutting path. p stitching to prevent the stitching from being Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole cut. m buttonhole (1). turn the fabric 90 degrees counterclockwise. and then use a seam ripper to cut towards the pin and open the buttonhole. and then sew to the edge of the front bar tack. Do not use the seam ripper in any other way than how it is intended. 1 a Seam ripper b Pin Select stitch “c” (same as “a”) of the 4-step j automatic buttonhole (1).f of the stitching. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. Sew the right side of the stitching sewn in step e. Select stitch “d” of the 4-step automatic n buttonhole until the needle reaches the Start sewing. otherwise injuries may result if the seam ripper slips. select the straight stitch (6 through 10) with the desired length. and cut the thread. and then sew the length of the h chalk line. remove the 37 . l side of the stitching. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. i side of the stitching. Raise the presser foot lever. Select stitch “b” of the 4-step automatic 2 Start sewing. For reinforcement. 3 Start sewing. o fabric. and then raise the needle by Stop sewing when the needle is at the left side turning the handwheel toward you. k CAUTION ● When opening the buttonhole with the seam ripper. g buttonhole (1).

Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached. and then select the Measure the distance between the holes in the appropriate zigzag stitch (2.8 mm (3/16 inches) b ■ If the right side is too loose compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the direction.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Adjusting buitching stitching If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not uniform. Button sewing Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine. a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw Distance between holes 1. the stitching can adjusted with the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw. slide the button so that the needle goes into the two holes toward the rear of the sewing machine. c shown below. first sew the two holes closest to you. a button to be attached. d the fabric. and then sew them in the same way. Place the darning plate on the needle plate as ■ If the right side is too tight compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the + direction. 38 . Number of dial 2 3 4 Attach the button sewing foot “M”. Place a button between the presser foot and • When attaching four-hole buttons. Then. 3 or 4) according to the following table.2 mm (1/8 inches) 4.6 mm (1/16 inches) 3.

f 3 Start sewing. h stitching to the wrong side of the fabric. 39 . and Pull the upper thread at the end of the then tie it with the bobbin thread.e (counterclockwise) to check that the needle Turn the handwheel toward you correctly goes into the two holes of the button. Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. otherwise the needle may bend or break. be sure that the needle does not touch the button. CAUTION ● When sewing. • After sewing for about 10 seconds at a low speed. g and then cut the upper and lower threads. return to step a. press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew a few reinforcement stitches. leaving a length of 15 cm (6 inches). Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching. If the needle hits the button.

and can easily position it to the right or left side of the needle. attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application d top on both sides. You may also be injured. basic (Center needle stitching. fit the zipper foot on the other side of the zipper and continue sewing using the other side notch. CAUTION ● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the needle does not hit the presser foot before you start sewing. If the needle hits the zipper. and position) sewing gathers or darning. If you choose a different stitch. a Zipper foot “I” b Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper c Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). the needle may break and you may be injured. the needle will hit the presser foot and break the needle. b left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the shank. When sewing the left side of the zipper. etc.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— ZIPPER INSERTION You can use the zipper foot “I” to sew different types of zippers. Lower the needle into the notch located either on the left or right side of the zipper foot. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. The needle should be Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the positioned on the zipper side of the foot for best results. release back of the presser foot. Fold the edge of the fabric 2 cm (3/4 inches) c and place the zipper under the folded section. e the foot by pressing the button located at the To sew the opposite side of the zipper. 40 . CAUTION ● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper during sewing. attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot. When sewing the right side of the zipper.

You may also be injured. as the needle can break. 3 Memo ● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. if necessary. d stitching.APPLIQUÉ. e Remove the basting. Cut away any fabric that is left outside the Select a stitch. Stitch name Application c Carefully sew around the edge of the design. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING Zigzag stitches can be used for sewing appliqués. Monogramming and embroidering a shown below. and then remove both the Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. Zigzag (satin) stitch Appliqués You can create an appliqué by cutting a different piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a decoration. monogramming and embroidering. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. a b CAUTION ● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin during sewing. 41 . Select the desired width. Baste the cut design to the fabric.

Place the project under the needle and lower f at the starting position by turning the Draw up the lower thread through the project handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). g forefingers of both hands while pressing the Grip the hoop with the thumbs and Memo ● Be sure to keep the stitches close together. i and sew a few stitches for reinforcing. e the presser bar.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— b Select a stitch. fabric with the middle and third fingers. d the surface of the fabric facing up inside the Put the fabric in the embroidery hoop with well. and support the outside of the hoop with your little fingers. sew to completely fill in the design with stitches by alternately sewing from the outline of the design to the inside and from the inside to the outline. c design (for embroidering) on the surface of Draw the lettering (for monogramming) or the fabric. h Start sewing. When the hoop is moved slowly. ■ Monogramming Sew the lettering at a constant speed by moving the hoop slowly. especially needles. the stitches are shorter. ■ Embroidering Sew along the outline of the design by moving the hoop slowly. Select the desired length for straight stitch (6) Memo ● When the hoop is moved quickly. the stitches are longer. 42 . Then. and then sew a few stitches to reinforce the stitching. CAUTION ● Be sure to keep your fingers away from moving parts.

Gathering Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Shell tuck stitching Number on dial 9 Shell tuck stitch Shell tuck stitching The gathers that look like shells are called “shell tucks”. • For details.DECORATIVE STITCHING Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine. Loosen the tension of the upper thread (to 3 b about 2). (Center needle and sewing position) gathers or darning. a Attaching zippers. c slightly off the edge of the fabric. Unfold the fabric. and then iron the tucks 43 . refer to “Thread tension” (page 28). c stitches. b the thread tension. Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers. etc. d Smooth the gathers by ironing them. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Sew while making sure that the needle drops d down to one side. Straight stitch basic stitching. Sew a single or multiple parallel rows of • Do not sew reverse stitches or cut the thread. Select the shell tuck stitch (9). Stitch name Application a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). They are used to decorate trims. the front of blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics. and increase • For details. Fold the fabric along the bias.

■ Joining fabric Put the edges of the two pieces of fabric together. and then sew over the elastic tape while holding the tape both in front and behind the presser foot. The elastic stitch can be used in 3 ways: mending. Then. 44 . Memo ● Make reinforcing reverse stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. and then place them under the presser foot with the fabric edges under the center of the presser foot. sewing elastic or joining fabric. sewing Elastic stitching elastic tape or joining fabric. ■ Sewing elastic tape Place the elastic tape on the fabric. start sewing the edges of the two fabrics together. ■ Mending Place the reinforcement fabric under the tear to be mended. Each is explained below. Select the elastic stitch (10). and then sew over the tear.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Elastic stitching Number on dial 10 Stitch name Application Mending.

If you use it more often. b indicated below. After oiling. run the machine for a short time Memo ● Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. ● Do not apply too much oil as it may soil the thread and fabric. ● Unplug the power supply cord before changing the bulb. ● Sewing machine oil is available at your local sewing machine dealer or service center. 4 Loosen the face plate screw. Oiling a Changing the bulb CAUTION Turn off the machine and unplug it. 45 . a b Turn off the machine and unplug it. oil every day. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. Put 2 to 3 drops of oil at each of the points Be sure to wipe any excess oil off the machine. c at a fast speed without thread. c Remove the face plate from the machine. Note ● Hold the face plate securely while removing or attaching it.4 APPENDIX MAINTENANCE Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below.

Raise the needle and the presser foot. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. After cleaning it once with a wet cloth. Cleaning the machine surface If the surface of the machine is dirty.APPENDIX d ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Replace the sewing light bulb. a Bobbin case latch e ring to remove it. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. a Retaining ring b Latch lever 46 . and then wipe the surface of the machine. Slide the latch levers out from the retaining CAUTION ● Unplug the power supply cord before cleaning the machine. lightly soak a cloth in neutral detergent. and c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. squeeze it out firmly. a bulb b Loosen c Tighten e again. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. Cleaning the shuttle race CAUTION ● Be sure to unplug the machine before cleaning it. Remove the flat bed attachment and open the Attach the face plate and fasten the screw d toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. wipe it again with a dry cloth.

Use a brush to clean the lint from the upper Reassemble the hook and the retaining ring. hook. j and push the latch levers back into position. and Remove the flat bed attachment and open the 4 Remove the needle plate by using a coin or d screwdriver to remove the screws. you may get an electric shock or be injured. Otherwise. Clean the lint from the shuttle hook in the i same manner as described in step h. c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. f screwdriver. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. the presser foot and Cleaning the feed dogs CAUTION ● Make sure you unplug the machine before you clean it. a Retaining ring b Hook c Hook center post g and thread from the retaining ring. Raise the needle and the presser foot. a Retaining ring b Driver c Race body h wipe the shuttle race in order to remove any Use a cloth dampened with machine oil to lint. Attach the needle plate by using a coin or a Retaining ring b Hook c Latch lever 47 . Remove the hook by grasping its center post k the needle before using the machine. e part of the feed dogs and shuttle race body.f and pulling it out. Attach the bobbin case. Use a brush to remove any accumulated lint driver and race body. b then remove the presser foot and the needle.

being careful not to over-tighten the screw. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. If it is not packed properly. 48 . damage may occur during shipping. turn the screw clockwise. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. the thread tension must be adjusted according to the procedure described below. Note ● If the loops still appear on the surface of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. the bobbin thread may be too loose. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. After you adjust the bobbin thread. In this case. Therefore. ● Save this packing material in case it is needed to transport this sewing machine. For most sewing applications. approximately 30-45 degrees to increase bobbin tension. Note ● Remember to return the screw to its original setting before starting your next project. When sewing with thin thread on thin fabrics. IMPORTANT ● This packing material is designed to prevent damage in transit. When packing up the machine again.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Repacking the machine Keep the carton and packing materials for future use. a Screw Bobbin case tension adjustment The bobbin thread tension has already been adjusted at the factory for general use. pack it properly as described below. no adjustment is needed. the thread tension may not be adjusted adequately with the upper tension control dial.

approximately 30-45 degrees to decrease bobbin tension. turn the screw counterclockwise being careful not to over-loosen the screw. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 2 3 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. the bobbin thread may be too tight.■ Bobbin tension is too tight Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. After you adjust the bobbin thread. Note ● If the loops still appear on the wrong side of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. 4 a Screw 49 . In this case.

– page 19 page 28 page 46 The upper thread tension is too tight. Visit us at [http://solutions. authorized service center. or the thread has come out of the guide above the needle.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— TROUBLESHOOTING If the machine stops operating correctly. There are knots or tangles in the thread. in the shuttle race. You can solve most problems by yourself. The thread is tangled. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. 40.) Replace the presser foot. for example. If you need additional help. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Remove the tangle thread. You have not inserted the needle properly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. the Brother Solutions Center offers the latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. clean the shuttle race. You have not used the right combination of fabric. you have not fitted the spool properly. (for example. You are pulling the fabric too much. The needle is bent or blunt. The needle is not appropriate for the thread you are using.Replace the needle plate. You have not used the foot controller properly. Move the bobbin winder shaft to the left. contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center. Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten the screw. Replace the bobbin case. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center.com]. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. Reference page 10 page 10 page 13 page 11 page 20 page 21 page 20 page 19 page 35. The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to the right. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. The presser foot you are using is not appropriate for the type of stitch that you want to sew. Remove any knots or tangles. thread and needle. How to put it right Plug the machine in. The bobbin case is scratched. page 16 The upper thread breaks. The needle clamp screw is loose.brother. Use the foot controller properly. – – page 12 Correct the upper threading. Lightly guide the fabric. Turn on the main power switch. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Symptom Possible cause The machine is not plugged in. Choose a needle that is appropriate for the type of stitch. 41 page 28 – – The main power switch is turned off. 50 . You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. Loosen the upper thread tension. Insert the needle properly. Replace the needle. The needle breaks. The area around the hole in the nee. Loosen the upper thread tension. If the problem persists. check the following possible problems before requesting service. 36. The upper thread tension is too tight. The sewing machine does not work. 38.

The upper thread is too tight. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. The thread is tangled on the wrong side of the fabric. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Wind the bobbin thread properly. The upper thread breaks. Replace the presser foot. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. You have not inserted the needle properly. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The thread is tangled.You have not attached the pressersion is incorrect. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. The thread ten. Replace the bobbin. Wind the bobbin thread properly. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Remove the tangled thread and clean the shuttle race. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Attach the presser-foot holder properly.Symptom Possible cause The needle is bent or blunt. Replace the bobbin case. Correctly install the bobbin thread. You have not used the right combination of fabric. The upper thread was not threaded correctly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Bobbin is set incorrectly. – – page 12 page 12 – page 46 page 12 page 14 page 16 4 Correct the upper threading. Bobbin is set incorrectly. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. The bobbin case is scratched.Replace the needle plate. How to put it right Replace the needle. Insert the needle properly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. thread and needle. The bobbin is scratched or does not turn smoothly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. The lower thread is tangled or breaks. or has a burr on it. Correct the upper threading. page 16 page 12 page 19 page 24 page 28 page 12 page 14 page 14 51 . foot holder properly. The bobbin thread is incorrectly installed. authorised service center. The thread tension is incorrect. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Reference page 20 page 20 – The area around the hole in the nee. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly.

You have not threaded the upper thread properly. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Replace the bobbin case. Dust has built up in the feed dogs or in the shuttle race. 16 – page 19 page 20 page 31 page 28 page 16 page 19 page 20 page 46. clean the shuttle race. You have not inserted the needle properly. page 12 Insufficient oiling. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. The thread tension is incorrect. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. The stitch is not sewn correctly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. 40. 36. Sew with stabiliser material under the fabric. The bobbin case is scratched. page 45 The presser foot that you are using is not correct for the type of stitch. If you are sewing thin fabric. thread and needle. Correct the upper threading. You have not used bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The thread is tangled. page 33. 47 page 46 page 16 – The fabric is wrinkled. The needle is bent or blunt. thread and needle. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Clean the shuttle race. If you use it more often. Dust has accumulated under the needle plate or in the shuttle race. oil every day. The sewing light bulb does not come on. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. in the shuttle race. Fit the spool properly. Remove the tangle thread. the stitch is too thick. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Symptom Possible cause You have not threaded the upper thread properly or fitted the bobbin properly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. 41 page 28 page 46 page 19 page 46 The fabric does not feed. thread and needle. There is a highpitched noise while sewing. You have not fitted the spool properly. Remove the tangle thread. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. page 45 52 . The thread tension is incorrect. Stitches are skipped. Replace the needle. The sewing lamp is damaged. The needle is bent or blunt. You have not used the right combination of fabric. in the shuttle race. Remove the needle plate cover and clean the plate and the shuttle race. for example. The thread is tangled. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. 38. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. Replace the needle. clean the shuttle race. Correct the upper threading. Change the sewing light bulb. for example. How to put it right Thread the upper thread and wind the bobbin thread properly. Insert the needle properly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Reference page 14.

.....................16 C cleaning .............................................................................................................................................36 T thick fabrics ................................................. 28 thread guide .......................38 buttonhole foot ............................................. 29..................................................32 seam ripper ...........................9 appliqués ..............30 thin fabrics ..........................................................8....................................... 40 G gathering ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 41 S satin stitching .....................19 shell tuck stitching ........... 28 53 ..............................................................................33 bobbin .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 30 troubleshooting ............... 43 Z H handwheel ..... 47 O oiling .................... 16 pre-tension disk ......................................................................................................................... 8............................... 16 straight stitch ............................................................................................INDEX A accessories .....33 stretch blind stitch .....28..................................................45 overcasting stitches ......................................................32 pattern selection dial ........................8..... 41 N needle .................. 28 trial sewing ................................10 monogramming ................................ 32............... 8..... 14 bobbin case ........ 21..........................................31 thread cutter .......................................................... 22 upper tension-control dial ..............................................................................................................................................................................................27 free-arm style ................................................................................................ 37 sewing machine needles ....................................................... needles and threads .............................. 12 button sewing ....... 19 needle bar thread guide .....................................................12 zigzag stitches .......................................................6 main power switch ................................................... 48 reverse sewing lever ............. 14 bobbin winder ......................................................................................................................................... 7...........................................................................................................40 zipper insertion ..............47 spool pin .... 48 upper threading ....6.......... 31 B basic stitching ................................ 21 needle plate ......................................43 shuttle hook removal . 24 presser foot lever ...............................................................8...........................................8 needle clamp screw ...... 46 D darning ..................................8....................................33 blind hem stitching ...................................... 23 presser foot holder ..................36 buttonhole sewing ................................................. 50 twin needle ........ 41 zipper foot ...............................35 E embroidering ............................. 19 repacking ..12....................................................................................................33 stretch fabrics ................................................. 22 feed dogs .................................................................................... 7 J joining ............................................................. 47 flat bed attachment .................................. 12 P R relative chart of sewing fabrics.. 31 foot controller ......... 16 thread tension ........................ 44 M main parts ............................................................................................................................47 shuttle race cleaning ........................... 26 presser foot ......................................................................................... 41 extra spool pin ....................................................................30..................................................................................................................................... 31 F U W winding the bobbin ...........

English XE4592-001 Printed in China .

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