KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE

SEWING BASICS

UTILITY STITCHES

APPENDIX

Basic Sewing and Mending Machine

Operation Manual
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).

“IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS”
When using the sewing machine, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the following: “Read all instructions before using.”

DANGER – To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. The sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning. 2. Always unplug before changing the light bulb. Replace bulb with same type rated 15 watts.

WARNING – To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons: 1. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the sewing machine is used by or near children. 2. Use this sewing machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual. 3. Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the sewing machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment. 4. Never operate the sewing machine with any of the air openings blocked. Keep the ventilation openings of the sewing machine and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth. 5. Never drop or insert any object into any openings. 6. Do not use this machine outdoors. 7. Do not operate this machine where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered. 8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol “O” position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet. 9. Do not unplug by pulling on the cord. To unplug, grasp the plug and pull, not the cord. 10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle. 11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break. 12. Do not use a bent needle. 13. Do not pull or push the fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break. 14. Switch the sewing machine to the off, symbol “O” position when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as threading the needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin, or changing the presser foot. 15. Always unplug the sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user service adjustments mentioned in this instruction manual. 16. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or impaired persons without supervision. 17. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this sewing machine. “SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS” “This sewing machine is intended for household use.”

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FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following.

IMPORTANT
If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut off and an appropriate three-pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in the plug. NOTE The plug served from the main lead must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug. Always replace the fuse cover, never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted. WARNING DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE LETTER ‘E’, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW. The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue Brown Neutral Live

As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows. The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘N’ or coloured black or blue. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘L’ or coloured red or brown.

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CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING OUR MACHINE
To fully enjoy all the features, we suggest that you study the manual before using the machine.

PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation 1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread takeup lever, needle, or other moving parts. 2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when: • Operation is completed • Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts • A power failure occurs during use • Maintaining the machine • Leaving the machine unattended 3. Do not store anything on the foot controller. 4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords. For a longer service life 1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects. 2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders can damage the case and machine, and should never be used. 3. Do not drop or hit the machine. 4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation. For repair or adjustment In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer. For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.brother.com The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.

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...................................................................23 Replacing the presser foot ....... 31 Using a free-arm style ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 36 Adjusting buitching stitching ................................................................................... 25 Selecting stitching ................................................................................................................... 16 Drawing up the lower thread ...................................... KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ................................................ 20 Sewing with a twin needle (Option) .......................................................................... 28 USEFUL SEWING TIPS .............................. 30 Changing the sewing direction ............................................................................................................................................. 30 Trial sewing ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 19 Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types ............................................................................. 32 Zigzag stitches ............................................................................................................ 6 Needle and presser foot section ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 33 Blind hem stitching ............................................................................................12 Winding the bobbin ............ 27 Sewing in reverse .. 11 Steadying the machine ..................................................................................................25 General sewing procedure .................................. 38 Button sewing ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 38 4 ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 22 REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ............................................ 23 Removing the presser foot holder ............................................................................9 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 19 Checking the needle ............................................................................. 33 Darning ................................................................................................................................... 6 The main parts .........................................—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— CONTENTS 1....................................................... 31 Sewing stretch fabrics ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 18 REPLACING THE NEEDLE .. 35 BUTTONHOLE SEWING ........................................ 31 3.............................. 20 Replacing the needle ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 30 Sewing thin fabrics ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 14 Upper threading ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................19 Needle precautions .............................. 24 2................. 32 Basic stitching .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................36 Making the buttonhole ......................................................................................................................................................................... 30 Sewing thick fabrics ........................................................... SEWING BASICS ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 26 Starting to sew .... 8 Flat bed attachment .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 Power supply precautions .............25 SEWING ................... 28 Thread tension ................................................................................................................................................... 11 THREADING THE MACHINE ..32 USEFUL STITCHES ..................................................................................... 12 Lower threading .............. 30 Sewing curves ............. 10 Foot controller .6 NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS .................................................................................... 8 ACCESSORIES ............................................................................................................................................................... 10 Power supply ........................................................................................................... UTILITY STITCHES ................................

......................................... 43 Shell tuck stitching ...................................... 48 TROUBLESHOOTING ...........................................................................................................................................................43 Gathering ........ 43 Elastic stitching ......... 41 Appliqués ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 44 4.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 40 APPLIQUÉ.....................................45 MAINTENANCE .......................................................... 48 Bobbin case tension adjustment .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 41 Monogramming and embroidering ..............50 INDEX ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING ............................... 45 Cleaning the machine surface ..................................................................................... 45 Changing the bulb ..................................................................................... APPENDIX ..ZIPPER INSERTION ........................................................................ 47 Repacking the machine ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................45 Oiling .......... 53 5 ......... 46 Cleaning the feed dogs ......................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Cleaning the shuttle race ................................ 41 DECORATIVE STITCHING ..................................

c Thread take-up lever (page 16) d Upper tension control dial (page 28) This controls the tension of the upper thread. e Flat bed attachment with accessory storage (page 8 and 31) f Reverse sewing lever (page 28) Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew in the opposite direction. b Pattern selection dial (page 26) Turn the pattern selection dial to select the number of the stitch that you want to use.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— 1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS The main parts a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw (page 38) Turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw to adjust buttonhole stitching when it is not uniform. 6 .

n Presser foot lever (page 16) Use the presser foot lever to raise and lower the presser foot. XD0852-021 (Korea). o Bobbin winding pre-tension disc/thread guide (page 12 and 16) The thread guide/bobbin winding pre-tension disc is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin and threading the machine. p Foot controller (page 11) Use the foot controller to control the sewing speed and to start and stop sewing. XE0629-001 (Australia. m Thread cutter (page 28) Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them.1 g Built-in handle h Spool pin (page 12 and 16) The spool pin holds the spool of thread. XC7438-321 (Russia) 7 .). Part code. k Main power/sewing light switch (page 10) Use this switch to turn on and off the main power and sewing light. j Handwheel Use the handwheel to manually raise and lower the needle. i Bobbin winder (page 12) The bobbin winder winds thread onto the bobbin for use as the lower thread. New Zealand). XC7359-021 (110/120V Area).K. l Foot controller jack/jack Insert the foot controller plug into the foot controller jack. XC7438-321 (220/240V Area). XC7456-321 (U. which also supplies power to this machine.

KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Needle and presser foot section Flat bed attachment The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment. If the accessories are not in a bag. b Presser foot screw Use the presser foot screw to hold the presser foot holder assembly in place. a toward you. Note ● Put the accessories in the bag. and then store the bag inside the compartment. c Presser foot (Zigzag) The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the fabric as the sewing takes place. f Shuttle hook g Shuttle cover Open the shuttle cover to set the bobbin. and then pull the flat bed Lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment attachment out to remove it. a Flat bed attachment b Storage compartment a Presser foot holder assembly The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder assembly. and be lost or damaged. h Bobbin case i Needle j Needle bar thread guide k Needle clamp screw Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place. e Needle plate The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing straight seams. they may fall out. d Feed dogs The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction. 8 . Attach the appropriate presser foot for the selected stitching.

ACCESSORIES The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment. 1 2 3 4 Part Name Buttonhole foot “A” Zipper foot “I” Button sewing foot “M” Darning plate Part Code U. (Part number: 138135-122) 1. 75/11 1 needle 90/14 1 needle 100/16 1 needle 7.A. ● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer. 2. / Canada Others XA5539-151 SA156 129583-021 X55467-021 130920-021 9 . We have designed these accessories to help you be able to carry out most sewing tasks. N This foot controller can be used on the following machine models: LS-2220/2720/1520/2125/2125i.A. No. 4.S. 3. 6. only) ● Foot controller: Model KD-1902. / Canada Others X59369-321 X59370-021 XE2137-001 XA3442-121 No. 5 6 7 8 Part Name Bobbin (3) Needle set Screwdriver Extra spool pin Part Code U.A.S. 8.S. (Part code: 132730-122) ● A replacement for the factory-installed presser foot is available through your authorized dealer. 1 Note (For U. 5.

or bundled. The sewing lamp comes on when the machine is turned on. ● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. Always grasp the plug to remove it from the outlet. damaged. take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord. Insert the foot controller plug. Do not subject the cord to heat. pulled. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. or damage to the machine. twisted. forcefully bent.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Power supply precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply. Then. ● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances: • When you are away from the machine • After using the machine • When the power fails during use • When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection • During electrical storms CAUTION ● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. a Foot controller plug 10 . Electric shock may result. Otherwise a fire may result. always turn off the main power first. ● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. If the cord or plug is damaged. Using other power sources may result in fire. ● Do not allow the power cord to be cut. located supply plug on the cord. WARNING ● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. or lead to fire or electric shock. Power supply a between the foot controller and the power b Set the main power switch to “I”. These things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. modified. electric shock. ● When unplugging the machine. insert the power supply plug into a wall outlet. Fire or electric shock may result. into the jack on the machine.

● A new sewing machine or one that has not been in use for a long period of time should be oiled as described on page 45.A. 11 . When you press the foot controller down lightly. only) ● This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other). be sure to turn off the sewing machine in order to prevent the machine from accidentally being started. contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. Foot controller CAUTION ● When connecting the foot controller. When restarting the sewing machine. Note ● If a power outage occurs while the sewing machine is being operated. reverse the plug. When you take your foot off the foot controller. follow the necessary procedure to correctly operate the machine. (For U. set the main power ”. turn the rubber cushion in the right-front corner of the base plate to adjust its height until the sewing machine is stable. CAUTION ● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build up on the foot controller.S. The sewing lamp goes off when the machine is turned off. When you press harder.c switch to “ To turn off the machine. Doing so could cause a fire or an electric shock. To reduce the risk of electric shock. After oiling. Do not modify the plug in any way. If it still does not fit. the machine’s speed will increase. 1 Slower Faster You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot controller when the machine is not in use. Steadying the machine If the sewing machine has been placed on an uneven surface. the machine will stop. this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet. be sure to wipe off any excess oil. the machine will run at a low speed. turn off the sewing machine and unplug the power supply cord.

and Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft Pass the thread around the pre-tension disk. CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is not in the right place. Pass the end of the thread through the hole on a Spring on the shaft b Groove of the bobbin e Turn on the sewing machine. c the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin. until the spring on the shaft slides into the groove of the bobbin. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. ● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. SFB: XA5539-151). 1 Pulling it in as far as possible. SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing machine. If you use bobbins from other models. a Pre-tension disk b Bobbin winder shaft c Bobbin CAUTION ● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156. Actual size 11. the thread may tangle on the spool pin.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model a then put a spool of thread on this pin. b Other models d and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right. 12 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— THREADING THE MACHINE Winding the bobbin This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin. Turn the bobbin clockwise. by hand. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine. the machine will not work properly.

● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. Cut the thread. when the thread runs low it may tangle around the bobbin and cause the needle to break. If you do not cut the thread completely. Memo ● When the sewing machine is started or the handwheel is turned after winding the thread around the bobbin. Then stop the machine. breaking the needle and resulting in injury.f press the foot controller to wind the thread While holding the end of the thread. the machine will make a clicking sound. gently j to the left and remove the bobbin. h 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 Press the foot controller to start. and the bobbin is wound. CAUTION ● Make sure you follow the instructions carefully. ● The needle bar does not move when you slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right. i spinning slowly. take your foot off the foot When the bobbin seems full and begins controller. slide the bobbin winder shaft around the bobbin a few times. this is not a malfunction. 13 . 1 CAUTION g Trim the excess thread above the bobbin.

● The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model Other models a Bobbin case latch d from a full bobbin. the machine will not operate correctly. CAUTION ● Make sure you turn the power off while threading the machine. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. and then insert the bobbin Unwind about 10 cm (4 inches) of thread into the bobbin case. Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. • Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine. Actual size 11. CAUTION ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— b attachment at the front of the machine. a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) Raise the needle to its highest position by turning and raise the presser foot lever. Open the shuttle cover behind the flat bed Lower threading Install the bobbin wound with thread. a Flat bed attachment b Shuttle cover 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 c toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. 14 . If bobbins from other models are used. CAUTION ● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction. it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle. SFB: XA5539-151). If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction. you could be injured. If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine starts to sew.

1 a Tension spring f the bobbin case into the shuttle race. If it is incorrectly installed. until it enters Pull the trailing thread through the slot.e and to the left. and then Hold the bobbin case by the latch. down the delivery eye under the tension spring. as shown below. fully insert release the latch. • Make sure the bobbin case finger fits into the notch at the top of the shuttle race. 15 . CAUTION ● Make sure that the bobbin case is properly placed back into the machine. a Bobbin case finger b Notch g Close the shuttle cover. it will fall out from the shuttle when the machine starts to sew.

the sewing machine can not be threaded. Otherwise. a Upper tension control dial b Thread check spring 16 . and CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is in the wrong place. d guides: the rear one first. Raise the needle by turning the handwheel b toward you (counterclockwise) to raise the thread take-up lever to its highest position. a Presser foot lever e tension control dial from the right to the left Feed the upper thread through both thread Pull the thread down and around the upper so the thread picks up the thread check spring. or is set incorrectly. the thread may tangle on the spool pin and cause the needle to break. Raise the presser foot using the presser foot c then put a spool of thread on this pin. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. the thread could tangle and break the needle. then the front one. Be sure to turn the handwheel before threading the sewing machine. a lever.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Upper threading Set the upper thread and thread the needle. a b c d Spool pin Thread guide (rear) Thread guide (front) Thread take-up lever CAUTION ● Make sure you thread the machine properly. • If the needle is not correctly raised.

Make sure you raise the presser foot lever and the thread take-up lever before you feed the upper thread. the upper thread cannot be wrapped around the thread take-up lever. h guide above the needle. 1 g lever from right to left. ● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may cause sewing problems. then feeding the thread with your right hand.f pull it between the tension discs. While holding the thread as shown below. Thread the needle from front to back and pull a Thread take-up lever a 5 cm (2 inches) Note ● If the thread take-up lever is lowered. Guide the thread through the thread take-up a Needle bar thread guide i out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread. 17 . Put the thread behind the needle bar thread The thread can easily be passed behind the needle bar thread guide by holding the thread in your left hand.

a Upper thread b Lower thread c thread. turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). a Upper thread b raise the needle to its highest position by While holding the end of the upper thread. d threads and pull them toward the back of the Pull out about 15 cm (6 inches) of both machine under the presser foot. Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower a Upper thread b Lower thread 18 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Drawing up the lower thread a Lightly hold the end of the upper thread.

Thin linen. regardless of the fabric being sewn. Silk. Velvet. Failure to observe these precautions is extremely dangerous. the thicker the thread. Percale. Gabardine. ● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with transparent nylon threads. Poplin. Tweed. Needle precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle.REPLACING THE NEEDLE This section provides information on sewing machine needles. Pique. Use the same size thread for the upper (spool) and lower (bobbin) threads. 75/11 Synthetics. Silk. Chiffon 65/9 Needle sizes Thread sizes Cotton: 80 Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Fine Mercerized Cotton Cotton: 60-80 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50 Cotton: 50-60 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50-60 Cotton: 40-50 Mercerized Heavy Duty Polyester Long Fiber Cotton Wrapped Polyester Polyester Long Fiber Lightweight Voile. Suitings. Taffeta. Gingham. the thicker the needle. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below. possibly resulting in injury. Refer to the following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew. Satin. Muslin Denim. Tricot Memo ● The smaller the thread number. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the machine. 90/14 (Supplied with Lightweight wool. Organza. Batiste Cotton. Corduroy. 19 . Sewing fabrics Very thin Fine tricot. Duck 100/16 Medium weight Heavyweight Knits Single knit. your machine. Canvas. 90/14 (Ball point) Jersey. ● Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur. Bent needles can easily break.) Fine corduroy. Fine lace. 1 CAUTION ● Only use home sewing machine needles. and the larger the needle number. Double knit. ● Never use bent needles. ● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased. Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Linen.

Before using the needle. the stitching may be uneven or puckered or there may be skipped stitches. Do not use a bent needle. thread and needle combinations are shown in the table on the previous page. place the flat side of the needle on a flat surface and check that the distance between the needle and the flat surface is even. thread and needle is not correct. a Flat side b Needle type marking ■ Correct needle c Lower the presser foot lever. CAUTION ● Before replacing the needle. Use the screwdriver and a needle that has been determined to be straight according to the instructions in “Checking the needle” . be sure to turn off the sewing machine. b turning the handwheel toward you 1 2 Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. a Presser foot lever 1 a Flat surface 20 . If the combination of the fabric. the needle may bend or break. particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11). 1 a Flat surface ■ Incorrect needle If the distance between the needle and the flat surface is not even.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— CAUTION ● The appropriate fabric. Replacing the needle Replace the needle as described below. In addition. the needle is bent. Checking the needle Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous since the needle may break while the machine is being operated. a Turn off the sewing machine.

e rear of the machine. follow the procedure below to attach it to the needle bar. a Needle stopper a b c d Needle bar Needle holder Needle clamp screw Align 21 . a Needle clamp screw b Needle bar thread guide c Needle bar b with the end of the needle bar. clamp screw by turning it clockwise. and then screw counterclockwise to remove the needle. (If the needle clamp screw is loosened too much. Therefore. a the needle clamp onto the needle bar so that As seen from the front of the machine.) 1 Install the twin needle in the same way. Note ● The needle can be removed by simply loosening the needle clamp screw about one turn.d use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp Hold the needle with your left hand. slide the needle clamp screw is on the right side and the needle bar thread guide is at the bottom. otherwise the needle may break or damage may result. and then Align the bottom edge of the needle holder tighten the needle clamp screw. otherwise certain parts of the sewing machine may be damaged. f use the screwdriver to tighten the needle While holding the needle with your left hand. CAUTION ● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches the needle stopper and securely tighten the needle clamp screw with the screwdriver. ■ Installing the needle clamp If the needle clamp is removed. the needle clamp (which holds the needle) may fall off. do not loosen the needle clamp screw too much. a Screwdriver b Needle clamp screw • Do not apply strong force when loosening or tightening the needle clamp screw. insert the needle until it With the flat side of the needle toward the touches the needle stopper.

the machine. The needle could break and injure you. a Left needle thread passes through the needle bar thread guide. d Thread the left needle from front to back. b Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of Attach the extra spool pin.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Sewing with a twin needle (Option) We have designed your machine so you can sew with the optional twin needle and two top threads. the needle may bend or break. be sure to select an appropriate stitch (straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2). ■ Twin needle threading a Attach the twin needle in the same way as a Attach the twin needle. the needle may bend or break. thread guide. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. Use the thread from the first spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the needle bar thread guide is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). b Right needle thread passes in front of the needle bar thread guide. ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. and damage the machine. otherwise the needle may break or the machine may be damaged. You can use the same color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches. Use the thread from the second spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the thread take-up lever is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). ● When changing the sewing direction. Other needles could break. If the needle hits the presser foot. The stitches available for twin-needle sewing are straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2. Put the second spool of thread onto the extra spool pin. ● Do not sew with bent needles. f Do not pass the thread behind the needle bar Thread the right needle from front to back. c Needle bar thread guide a First spool b Second spool c the machine to the needle bar thread guide. See page 16 for more details. single needle (page 20). e the machine to the thread take-up lever. 22 . CAUTION ● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: X57521-021). ● When using the twin needle. be sure to raise the needle before turning the fabric. See page 16 for more details.

etc. 23 . d presser foot holder to release the presser foot. and may cause injury. If you use the wrong presser foot. a Presser foot holder b Shank c Pin f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the presser foot holder. the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break. the machine will start and you may be injured. a Presser foot lever a Presser foot lever The presser foot is attached.) is positioned to be read. Position the presser foot so the letter indicating the presser foot type (A. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. c Raise the presser foot lever. ● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. I. a turn it off. If you leave the power on and step on the controller. ● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. 1 Replacing the presser foot Replace the presser foot as described below. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. a Black button b Presser foot holder CAUTION ● Before replacing the presser foot. Press the black button at the back of the If the sewing machine has been turned on. Using other any presser feet may cause an accident or injury.REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT CAUTION ● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). b turning the handwheel toward you e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the Place a different presser foot below the holder shank in the holder.

Raise the presser foot lever to check that the ■ Attaching the presser foot holder a left side of the presser bar. a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw 24 . Align the presser foot holder with the lower- Removing the presser foot holder Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that does not use the presser foot holder. • For details. b holder screw. Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw Note ● If the presser foot holder is not correctly installed.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— g presser foot is securely attached. ■ Removing the presser foot holder a Remove the presser foot. and then tighten the screw Hold the presser foot holder in place with using the screwdriver in your left hand. the thread tension will be incorrect. a Presser foot holder b Presser bar b your right hand. Use the screwdriver to remove the presser foot holder. such as the quilting foot. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23).

When sewing is finished. Turn on the sewing machine.2 SEWING BASICS SEWING Basic sewing operations are described below. Before operating the sewing machine. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). 2 CAUTION ● While the machine is in operation. otherwise the needle may break or bend. In addition. pay special attention to the needle location. For details on replacing the presser foot. ● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing. 4 Start sewing. General sewing procedure Follow the basic procedures below to sew. keep your hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel. Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch. For details on starting to sew. possibly resulting in injuries. otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may break. refer to “Power supply” (page 10). refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). otherwise injuries may occur. read the following precautions. ● Never use bent needles. and then start sewing. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn. ● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins. 2 Select the stitch. For details on turning on the machine. Position the fabric. cut the threads. Bent needles can easily break. 3 Attach the presser foot. 1 Turn on the machine. 25 . For details on selecting a stitch.

41 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Zigzag (satin) stitch 6 Straight stitch (Center needle position) Select the desired length. 33. aPattern selection dial Number on dial Stitch name 4-step automatic buttonhole b Pattern ac d Page 1 36 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 32. select the desired stitch.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Selecting stitching Turning the stitch selection dial in either direction. 35. 43 7 Straight stitch (Left needle position) Stretch blind Stitch 33 8 33 9 Shell tuck stitch 43 10 Elastic stitch 44 26 . 40.

pass pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread toward the rear of the machine.Starting to sew a e fabric with your left hand. a Presser foot lever d the thread under the presser foot. c Raise the presser foot lever. f Lower the presser foot lever. i turning the handwheel toward you a 5 cm (2 inches) j Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). and then Place the fabric under the presser foot. 27 . 2 b turning the handwheel toward you Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). toward you (counterclockwise) with your right hand to lower the needle to the starting point of the stitching. The machine starts sewing. h Take your foot off the foot controller. The machine stops sewing. a Presser foot lever g Slowly press down on the foot controller. turn the handwheel While holding the end of the thread and the Turn on the sewing machine. Raise the presser foot lever.

1 2 3 a b c d Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever 4 ■ Upper tension is too tight Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. b lever. To sew forward. Memo ● Before beginning to change tension adjustments make sure the upper thread and bobbin are inserted correctly. a Thread cutter Sewing in reverse Reverse sewing is used to lock the threads at the end of the seam or wherever reinforcement is needed. Note ● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly inserted. refer to “Lower threading” (page 14) and reinsert the bobbin.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— k and then pass the threads through the thread Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. the upper thread may be too tight. release the reverse sewing 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. You may need to adjust it when you change fabric or thread. 28 . a while sewing. ● We recommend you do a test sample on a scrap of fabric before you start to sew. Thread tension The thread tension will affect the quality of your stitches. cutter on the back of the presser foot bar to cut them. In this case. ■ Correct tension Correct tension is important as too much or too little tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers on your fabric.

Note ● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded. refer to “Upper threading” (page 16) and rethread. no adjustment is needed. 29 . Be sure not to turn the screw more than one full turn. For most sewing applications. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 4 2 2 3 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. increase the tension in the bobbin by turning the screw clockwise with a small screwdriver. In addition. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops may appear on the surface of the fabric when sewing thin fabric with thin thread. Note ● The bobbin thread tension has been adjusted at the factory for general use. If the problem persists. 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number.■ Upper tension is too loose Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. In this case. the upper thread may be too loose. be sure to return the screw to its original position before the next time that the machine is used.

Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot. Sewing thick fabrics ■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser foot. the needle may bend or break. use a piece of fabric and thread that are the same as those used for your project. the needle may bend or break. and then slightly change the sewing direction to sew around the curve. the desired results may not be achieved. and check the thread tension and stitch length and width. Raise the presser foot lever. Refer to these tips when sewing your project. and then turn the b fabric. c sewing. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain a finer stitch. Sewing curves Stop sewing. Lower the presser foot lever and continue CAUTION ● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inches) thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much force. depending on the type of fabric and stitching being sewn. 30 . lower the needle by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). For the trial sewing. perform the trial sewing under the same conditions that will be used with your project. CAUTION ● When using the twin needle. Since the results differ depending on the type of stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn. be sure to raise the needle before changing the sewing direction. stop the Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). raise the presser foot lever even higher to bring the presser foot to its highest position. Changing the sewing direction a sewing machine. Trial sewing A trial piece of fabric should be sewn since.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— USEFUL SEWING TIPS Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag stitch. If the needle was raised. When the stitching reaches a corner.

place thin paper or stabilizer material under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric. and then pull the flat bed attachment out to remove it. a Flat bed attachment 31 . When you have finished sewing.Sewing thin fabrics When sewing thin fabrics. If this occurs. 2 a Stabilizer material or paper Sewing stretch fabrics First. To change your machine to the free-arm style. and then sew without stretching the fabric. baste the pieces of fabric together. a Basting Using a free-arm style Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular and hard-to-reach areas. the stitching may become misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. tear off any excess paper. lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment toward you.

d When sewing is finished. CAUTION ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. Select the desired width. Memo ● When sewing with a zigzag stitch. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). • For details. cut the thread. the needle may bend or break. Stitch name Application c Start sawing. • For details. If the needle hits the presser foot. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— 3 UTILITY STITCHES USEFUL STITCHES Zigzag stitches You can use the zigzag stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. • For details. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). use straight stitches at the beginning and end of the zigzag stitch for reinforcement. Lower the needle into the fabric at the b beginning of the stitching. Zigzag (satin) stitch a Select a stitch. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. They are also useful for sewing stretch materials. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). 32 .

a b Baste or pin together the fabric pieces. c beginning of the stitching. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). • For details. <Seen from the side> a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric 33 . d Lower the needle into the fabric at the Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the Start sewing. and press. etc. etc. Two stitches are available for basic stitching. 7 a Reverse the skirt or pants. without the stitch showing. a Right side of fabric b Bottom side b hem. cut the thread.Basic stitching Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. • For details. basic (Center needle stitching. sewing gathers or pintucks. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. • For details. Number on dial 8 Stitch name Stretch blind Stitch Application Blind hem stitching on stretch fabrics. and position) sewing gathers or darning. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Blind hem stitching You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project. like the hem of a pair of trousers. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Straight stitch (Left needle position) Basic stitching. e When sewing is finished. 3 Select a stitch. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27).

<Seen from the side> a b c d Wrong side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Arm 34 . Remove the flat bed attachment and make • For details on free-arm sewing. Unfold the edge of fabric. Fold back the fabric inside along the basting. h arm. make sure that the fabric feeds correctly. g free-arm sewing possible. e fabric with the wrong side facing up. and Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm then baste it. and position the <Seen from the side> <Seen from the side> a b c d e d Wrong side of fabric Right side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting stitching 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Wrong side of fabric b Basting c Edge of fabric f Select the stretch blind stitch (8). refer to“Using a free-arm style” (page 31).UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— c (3/16 inches) from the edge of the fabric. Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the and then start sewing.

and position) sewing gathers or darning. etc. and then lower Position the fabric so that the needle slightly the presser foot lever. Remove the basting stitching and turn the k fabric right side up. c presser foot together with a fabric underlay a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric d with your hands. a shown below. alternately drawing the Start sewing while gently moving the fabric fabric away and pulling it toward you. Place the fabric to be darned under the for reinforcement. For invisible stitching. Stop sewing when the portion to be darned is 35 . b Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). Darning Reinforce points that will be subject to strain. basic (Center needle stitching. make sure that both threads are the same color as the fabric. 3 Sew along the fold of the hem. and then remove both the aNeedle bNeedle drop point cFold of hem dWrong side of fabric j Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. e filled with parallel stitching. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Attaching Straight stitch zippers.i catches the fold of the hem.

check the stitch length and width by sewing a trial buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric. 36 . which is used for sewing buttonholes. a b c d Presser foot scale Pin Marks on buttonhole foot 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Mark on fabric b Red marks on the sliding insert e Start sewing. Step Step a (Front end of button hole) Step b (Left side) Sewn portion Use chalk to mark the position and length of 1 Step c (Back end of button hole) a Marks on fabric Step d (Right side) b outside frame back until the sliding insert Attach buttonhole foot “A” and push the reaches the front of the outside frame. place stabilizer material under the fablic.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— BUTTONHOLE SEWING Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on. Number on dial 1 4-step automatic buttonhole Buttonholes on medium weight fabrics. as shown below. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. Stitch name Application Memo ● Before sewing buttonholes. d that the middle of the front chalk line is Position the fabric under the presser foot so directly in the center of the presser foot and aligned with the two red lines on the insert. Select stitch “a” of the 4-step automatic Making the buttonhole The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”. Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back. a Reinforcement stitching c buttonhole (1). Pass the upper thread down through the hole in the presser foot. ● When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics. a the buttonhole on the fabric. are indicated below.

do not place your hands in the cutting path. and then sew to the edge of the front bar tack. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. and then sew the length of the h chalk line. Select stitch “b” of the 4-step automatic 2 Start sewing. k CAUTION ● When opening the buttonhole with the seam ripper. i side of the stitching. 3 Start sewing. Do not use the seam ripper in any other way than how it is intended. remove the 37 . Sew the right side of the stitching sewn in step e. For reinforcement. g buttonhole (1). m buttonhole (1). o fabric.f of the stitching. and then raise the needle by Stop sewing when the needle is at the left side turning the handwheel toward you. otherwise injuries may result if the seam ripper slips. and cut the thread. select the straight stitch (6 through 10) with the desired length. p stitching to prevent the stitching from being Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole cut. and then use a seam ripper to cut towards the pin and open the buttonhole. Select stitch “d” of the 4-step automatic n buttonhole until the needle reaches the Start sewing. turn the fabric 90 degrees counterclockwise. l side of the stitching. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. 1 a Seam ripper b Pin Select stitch “c” (same as “a”) of the 4-step j automatic buttonhole (1). Raise the presser foot lever.

slide the button so that the needle goes into the two holes toward the rear of the sewing machine. 38 . Number of dial 2 3 4 Attach the button sewing foot “M”.8 mm (3/16 inches) b ■ If the right side is too loose compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the direction. d the fabric.6 mm (1/16 inches) 3.2 mm (1/8 inches) 4. 3 or 4) according to the following table. Then. c shown below. the stitching can adjusted with the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Adjusting buitching stitching If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not uniform. Button sewing Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine. a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw Distance between holes 1. Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached. a button to be attached. Place a button between the presser foot and • When attaching four-hole buttons. first sew the two holes closest to you. and then sew them in the same way. Place the darning plate on the needle plate as ■ If the right side is too tight compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the + direction. and then select the Measure the distance between the holes in the appropriate zigzag stitch (2.

g and then cut the upper and lower threads. If the needle hits the button. be sure that the needle does not touch the button. Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. • After sewing for about 10 seconds at a low speed. leaving a length of 15 cm (6 inches). and Pull the upper thread at the end of the then tie it with the bobbin thread. press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew a few reinforcement stitches.e (counterclockwise) to check that the needle Turn the handwheel toward you correctly goes into the two holes of the button. otherwise the needle may bend or break. Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching. 39 . return to step a. f 3 Start sewing. CAUTION ● When sewing. h stitching to the wrong side of the fabric.

Attaching Straight stitch zippers. a Zipper foot “I” b Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper c Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). If the needle hits the zipper. e the foot by pressing the button located at the To sew the opposite side of the zipper. basic (Center needle stitching. When sewing the left side of the zipper. b left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the shank. the needle will hit the presser foot and break the needle. The needle should be Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the positioned on the zipper side of the foot for best results. the needle may break and you may be injured. and can easily position it to the right or left side of the needle. Lower the needle into the notch located either on the left or right side of the zipper foot. 40 . If you choose a different stitch. attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— ZIPPER INSERTION You can use the zipper foot “I” to sew different types of zippers. etc. Fold the edge of the fabric 2 cm (3/4 inches) c and place the zipper under the folded section. fit the zipper foot on the other side of the zipper and continue sewing using the other side notch. CAUTION ● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the needle does not hit the presser foot before you start sewing. and position) sewing gathers or darning. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application d top on both sides. attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. You may also be injured. release back of the presser foot. When sewing the right side of the zipper. CAUTION ● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper during sewing.

as the needle can break. 3 Memo ● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. e Remove the basting. and then remove both the Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. d stitching. monogramming and embroidering. Stitch name Application c Carefully sew around the edge of the design.APPLIQUÉ. Baste the cut design to the fabric. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING Zigzag stitches can be used for sewing appliqués. You may also be injured. Cut away any fabric that is left outside the Select a stitch. Zigzag (satin) stitch Appliqués You can create an appliqué by cutting a different piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a decoration. a b CAUTION ● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin during sewing. Select the desired width. 41 . if necessary. Monogramming and embroidering a shown below. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches.

fabric with the middle and third fingers. e the presser bar. and support the outside of the hoop with your little fingers. h Start sewing. sew to completely fill in the design with stitches by alternately sewing from the outline of the design to the inside and from the inside to the outline. g forefingers of both hands while pressing the Grip the hoop with the thumbs and Memo ● Be sure to keep the stitches close together. Select the desired length for straight stitch (6) Memo ● When the hoop is moved quickly. the stitches are shorter. When the hoop is moved slowly. 42 . ■ Embroidering Sew along the outline of the design by moving the hoop slowly. the stitches are longer. Place the project under the needle and lower f at the starting position by turning the Draw up the lower thread through the project handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). Then. c design (for embroidering) on the surface of Draw the lettering (for monogramming) or the fabric. and then sew a few stitches to reinforce the stitching.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— b Select a stitch. CAUTION ● Be sure to keep your fingers away from moving parts. d the surface of the fabric facing up inside the Put the fabric in the embroidery hoop with well. especially needles. ■ Monogramming Sew the lettering at a constant speed by moving the hoop slowly. i and sew a few stitches for reinforcing.

Sew while making sure that the needle drops d down to one side. • For details. the front of blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics.DECORATIVE STITCHING Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine. Unfold the fabric. They are used to decorate trims. Straight stitch basic stitching. Stitch name Application a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). Fold the fabric along the bias. Select the shell tuck stitch (9). and then iron the tucks 43 . and increase • For details. refer to “Thread tension” (page 28). d Smooth the gathers by ironing them. c stitches. etc. Loosen the tension of the upper thread (to 3 b about 2). c slightly off the edge of the fabric. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). b the thread tension. (Center needle and sewing position) gathers or darning. Sew a single or multiple parallel rows of • Do not sew reverse stitches or cut the thread. a Attaching zippers. Gathering Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Shell tuck stitching Number on dial 9 Shell tuck stitch Shell tuck stitching The gathers that look like shells are called “shell tucks”. Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers.

start sewing the edges of the two fabrics together. Memo ● Make reinforcing reverse stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. and then place them under the presser foot with the fabric edges under the center of the presser foot. Select the elastic stitch (10). ■ Joining fabric Put the edges of the two pieces of fabric together. ■ Sewing elastic tape Place the elastic tape on the fabric. The elastic stitch can be used in 3 ways: mending. sewing Elastic stitching elastic tape or joining fabric. ■ Mending Place the reinforcement fabric under the tear to be mended. sewing elastic or joining fabric. and then sew over the elastic tape while holding the tape both in front and behind the presser foot. and then sew over the tear.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Elastic stitching Number on dial 10 Stitch name Application Mending. Each is explained below. 44 . Then.

4 APPENDIX MAINTENANCE Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below. ● Unplug the power supply cord before changing the bulb. oil every day. Oiling a Changing the bulb CAUTION Turn off the machine and unplug it. c at a fast speed without thread. If you use it more often. Note ● Hold the face plate securely while removing or attaching it. ● Sewing machine oil is available at your local sewing machine dealer or service center. c Remove the face plate from the machine. b indicated below. After oiling. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. 45 . ● Do not apply too much oil as it may soil the thread and fabric. a b Turn off the machine and unplug it. run the machine for a short time Memo ● Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. 4 Loosen the face plate screw. Put 2 to 3 drops of oil at each of the points Be sure to wipe any excess oil off the machine.

and c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. a Bobbin case latch e ring to remove it. squeeze it out firmly. Slide the latch levers out from the retaining CAUTION ● Unplug the power supply cord before cleaning the machine. Cleaning the machine surface If the surface of the machine is dirty. Remove the flat bed attachment and open the Attach the face plate and fasten the screw d toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. a Turn off the machine and unplug it.APPENDIX d ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Replace the sewing light bulb. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. After cleaning it once with a wet cloth. Raise the needle and the presser foot. Cleaning the shuttle race CAUTION ● Be sure to unplug the machine before cleaning it. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. a Retaining ring b Latch lever 46 . lightly soak a cloth in neutral detergent. and then wipe the surface of the machine. wipe it again with a dry cloth. a bulb b Loosen c Tighten e again. b then remove the presser foot and the needle.

f and pulling it out. Attach the needle plate by using a coin or a Retaining ring b Hook c Latch lever 47 . the presser foot and Cleaning the feed dogs CAUTION ● Make sure you unplug the machine before you clean it. Clean the lint from the shuttle hook in the i same manner as described in step h. j and push the latch levers back into position. f screwdriver. Remove the hook by grasping its center post k the needle before using the machine. hook. a Retaining ring b Hook c Hook center post g and thread from the retaining ring. Use a brush to clean the lint from the upper Reassemble the hook and the retaining ring. you may get an electric shock or be injured. and Remove the flat bed attachment and open the 4 Remove the needle plate by using a coin or d screwdriver to remove the screws. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. Raise the needle and the presser foot. a Retaining ring b Driver c Race body h wipe the shuttle race in order to remove any Use a cloth dampened with machine oil to lint. Use a brush to remove any accumulated lint driver and race body. e part of the feed dogs and shuttle race body. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. Attach the bobbin case. Otherwise.

the thread tension may not be adjusted adequately with the upper tension control dial. When packing up the machine again. Note ● Remember to return the screw to its original setting before starting your next project. being careful not to over-tighten the screw. the thread tension must be adjusted according to the procedure described below. ● Save this packing material in case it is needed to transport this sewing machine. pack it properly as described below. no adjustment is needed. Therefore. After you adjust the bobbin thread. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops appear on the surface of the fabric.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Repacking the machine Keep the carton and packing materials for future use. the bobbin thread may be too loose. In this case. For most sewing applications. 48 . When sewing with thin thread on thin fabrics. If it is not packed properly. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. a Screw Bobbin case tension adjustment The bobbin thread tension has already been adjusted at the factory for general use. turn the screw clockwise. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. approximately 30-45 degrees to increase bobbin tension. damage may occur during shipping. IMPORTANT ● This packing material is designed to prevent damage in transit. Note ● If the loops still appear on the surface of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension.

Note ● If the loops still appear on the wrong side of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. approximately 30-45 degrees to decrease bobbin tension.■ Bobbin tension is too tight Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. After you adjust the bobbin thread. 4 a Screw 49 . In this case. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. the bobbin thread may be too tight. turn the screw counterclockwise being careful not to over-loosen the screw. 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 2 3 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number.

Replace the needle plate.com]. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. in the shuttle race. the Brother Solutions Center offers the latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. Insert the needle properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. Use the foot controller properly. Loosen the upper thread tension. you have not fitted the spool properly. Remove the tangle thread. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. The presser foot you are using is not appropriate for the type of stitch that you want to sew. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. clean the shuttle race. – page 19 page 28 page 46 The upper thread tension is too tight. The area around the hole in the nee. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. page 16 The upper thread breaks. 36.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— TROUBLESHOOTING If the machine stops operating correctly. You are pulling the fabric too much. The thread is tangled.brother. Replace the needle. Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten the screw. Reference page 10 page 10 page 13 page 11 page 20 page 21 page 20 page 19 page 35. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. The needle clamp screw is loose. 40. Move the bobbin winder shaft to the left. If the problem persists. Replace the bobbin case. Choose a needle that is appropriate for the type of stitch. – – page 12 Correct the upper threading. You have not inserted the needle properly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Remove any knots or tangles. (for example. contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center. check the following possible problems before requesting service. Loosen the upper thread tension. How to put it right Plug the machine in. You have not used the right combination of fabric. authorized service center. Lightly guide the fabric. If you need additional help. The needle is bent or blunt. The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to the right. The upper thread tension is too tight. 38. The needle breaks. The sewing machine does not work. You have not used the foot controller properly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. 50 . Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. There are knots or tangles in the thread. or the thread has come out of the guide above the needle.) Replace the presser foot. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. The bobbin case is scratched. 41 page 28 – – The main power switch is turned off. You can solve most problems by yourself. The needle is not appropriate for the thread you are using. Turn on the main power switch. Visit us at [http://solutions. thread and needle. for example. Symptom Possible cause The machine is not plugged in.

You have not attached the pressersion is incorrect. Correct the upper threading. The thread is tangled on the wrong side of the fabric. The bobbin is scratched or does not turn smoothly. foot holder properly. Bobbin is set incorrectly. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Replace the bobbin case. Replace the presser foot. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The bobbin thread is incorrectly installed. How to put it right Replace the needle. The lower thread is tangled or breaks. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Attach the presser-foot holder properly. Insert the needle properly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Correctly install the bobbin thread. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. The bobbin case is scratched. The upper thread is too tight. – – page 12 page 12 – page 46 page 12 page 14 page 16 4 Correct the upper threading. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Bobbin is set incorrectly. or has a burr on it. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly.Symptom Possible cause The needle is bent or blunt. thread and needle. page 16 page 12 page 19 page 24 page 28 page 12 page 14 page 14 51 . Remove the tangled thread and clean the shuttle race. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. The thread tension is incorrect. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched.Replace the needle plate. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. The thread ten. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. Reference page 20 page 20 – The area around the hole in the nee. You have not inserted the needle properly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Replace the bobbin. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. authorised service center. The upper thread was not threaded correctly. The thread is tangled. Wind the bobbin thread properly. Wind the bobbin thread properly. The upper thread breaks. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly.

Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. You have not inserted the needle properly. Replace the needle. for example. 40. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Stitches are skipped. 41 page 28 page 46 page 19 page 46 The fabric does not feed. The sewing lamp is damaged. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. If you use it more often. You have not used the right combination of fabric. The thread is tangled. The thread tension is incorrect. You have not used the right combination of fabric. The needle is bent or blunt. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. clean the shuttle race. page 12 Insufficient oiling. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Reference page 14. How to put it right Thread the upper thread and wind the bobbin thread properly. Replace the bobbin case. The stitch is not sewn correctly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. 47 page 46 page 16 – The fabric is wrinkled. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. If you are sewing thin fabric. You have not used bobbin that has been designed for this machine. oil every day. page 45 52 . The thread is tangled. There is a highpitched noise while sewing. You have not fitted the spool properly. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. Remove the needle plate cover and clean the plate and the shuttle race. in the shuttle race. thread and needle. page 33. Dust has accumulated under the needle plate or in the shuttle race. Correct the upper threading. Dust has built up in the feed dogs or in the shuttle race. Replace the needle. Clean the shuttle race. Correct the upper threading.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Symptom Possible cause You have not threaded the upper thread properly or fitted the bobbin properly. the stitch is too thick. for example. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. The bobbin case is scratched. in the shuttle race. Remove the tangle thread. thread and needle. The sewing light bulb does not come on. Insert the needle properly. page 45 The presser foot that you are using is not correct for the type of stitch. Fit the spool properly. 36. 16 – page 19 page 20 page 31 page 28 page 16 page 19 page 20 page 46. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. The needle is bent or blunt. Change the sewing light bulb. clean the shuttle race. The thread tension is incorrect. Remove the tangle thread. Sew with stabiliser material under the fabric. 38. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. thread and needle.

.................................... 31 foot controller ................................ 14 bobbin winder .......................................................................................................47 shuttle race cleaning ........................................................................INDEX A accessories ................................16 C cleaning ............. 24 presser foot lever ... 22 feed dogs .................................................................... 46 D darning ............... 30 troubleshooting ................................8................................................... 31 B basic stitching .... 14 bobbin case ....................................12 zigzag stitches ...........................................................................................43 shuttle hook removal ............................................................................................................................ 50 twin needle .............................. 29..........................................................33 blind hem stitching ....... 31 F U W winding the bobbin ................................................................32 seam ripper .................28................................................. 12 P R relative chart of sewing fabrics.................................................................................................. 21........ 37 sewing machine needles .................................................................................................................................33 stretch blind stitch .....................................8 needle clamp screw ......... 21 needle plate .............................. 28 thread guide .............................................................................35 E embroidering ............. 48 upper threading ...... needles and threads ..................................................................................... 12 button sewing ........................................................... 41 S satin stitching ....................................................................................... 19 needle bar thread guide ........................10 monogramming ...........................................45 overcasting stitches ......... 44 M main parts .................................................... 8... 16 straight stitch .12..................................................8............................................................................................................... 41 zipper foot .............6...... 22 upper tension-control dial ..................................33 stretch fabrics ............................32 pattern selection dial ......................................................... 32............................................ 40 G gathering ................................................................ 48 reverse sewing lever ................................................................30..31 thread cutter ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................30 thin fabrics ....................................33 bobbin ....38 buttonhole foot ........................ 41 N needle ............27 free-arm style ....6 main power switch ........................................................................................................................................ 43 Z H handwheel ..36 buttonhole sewing ........8............................ 8......................................... 28 trial sewing ....................................................................47 spool pin .................................................................................. 26 presser foot ............................................................. 16 pre-tension disk ............................... 47 O oiling ............40 zipper insertion .................................................................................. 7..............................................36 T thick fabrics .................................................................8........................................................................19 shell tuck stitching .......... 16 thread tension ............................................................................................ 23 presser foot holder ..... 28 53 ................................................................................................................ 47 flat bed attachment ...... 19 repacking ......................................................................................................................................... 41 extra spool pin ....... 7 J joining ...................9 appliqués ....................................................................................................................................................

English XE4592-001 Printed in China .

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