KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE

SEWING BASICS

UTILITY STITCHES

APPENDIX

Basic Sewing and Mending Machine

Operation Manual
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).

“IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS”
When using the sewing machine, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the following: “Read all instructions before using.”

DANGER – To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. The sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning. 2. Always unplug before changing the light bulb. Replace bulb with same type rated 15 watts.

WARNING – To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons: 1. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the sewing machine is used by or near children. 2. Use this sewing machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual. 3. Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the sewing machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment. 4. Never operate the sewing machine with any of the air openings blocked. Keep the ventilation openings of the sewing machine and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth. 5. Never drop or insert any object into any openings. 6. Do not use this machine outdoors. 7. Do not operate this machine where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered. 8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol “O” position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet. 9. Do not unplug by pulling on the cord. To unplug, grasp the plug and pull, not the cord. 10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle. 11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break. 12. Do not use a bent needle. 13. Do not pull or push the fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break. 14. Switch the sewing machine to the off, symbol “O” position when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as threading the needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin, or changing the presser foot. 15. Always unplug the sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user service adjustments mentioned in this instruction manual. 16. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or impaired persons without supervision. 17. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this sewing machine. “SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS” “This sewing machine is intended for household use.”

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FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following.

IMPORTANT
If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut off and an appropriate three-pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in the plug. NOTE The plug served from the main lead must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug. Always replace the fuse cover, never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted. WARNING DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE LETTER ‘E’, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW. The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue Brown Neutral Live

As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows. The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘N’ or coloured black or blue. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘L’ or coloured red or brown.

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CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING OUR MACHINE
To fully enjoy all the features, we suggest that you study the manual before using the machine.

PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation 1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread takeup lever, needle, or other moving parts. 2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when: • Operation is completed • Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts • A power failure occurs during use • Maintaining the machine • Leaving the machine unattended 3. Do not store anything on the foot controller. 4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords. For a longer service life 1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects. 2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders can damage the case and machine, and should never be used. 3. Do not drop or hit the machine. 4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation. For repair or adjustment In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer. For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.brother.com The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.

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.............................................................. 10 Foot controller ...... 28 Thread tension ........................................... 32 Basic stitching ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 14 Upper threading ................................................................. 12 Lower threading ............................ 30 Sewing curves ................... 10 Power supply ...............................................................................................................................6 NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS ................................................................................................................................. 30 Sewing thin fabrics ..........................................................19 Needle precautions ....................................................................................................... UTILITY STITCHES ................. 38 4 .................................................................................................................. 28 USEFUL SEWING TIPS .................................. 25 Selecting stitching ............................................................................................................. 31 3............................................................................................................................................... 38 Button sewing ................................................................................................................. KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................36 Making the buttonhole ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 31 Using a free-arm style .................... 24 2.............. 6 The main parts .....................................................................................................................32 USEFUL STITCHES ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 30 Sewing thick fabrics ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 18 REPLACING THE NEEDLE ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8 ACCESSORIES ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 20 Sewing with a twin needle (Option) ........... 11 THREADING THE MACHINE ............................................. 19 Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 Zigzag stitches ...................................................................................................................................... 23 Removing the presser foot holder ................................................................................................................... 33 Blind hem stitching ............................................................................................................................... 6 Needle and presser foot section ................................................................................................................................. 36 Adjusting buitching stitching .............................................................. 22 REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ........................ 8 Flat bed attachment ..................................................................................................................... 19 Checking the needle ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 35 BUTTONHOLE SEWING .............................................................................................................................................................................................25 General sewing procedure ................................................................................................ 30 Trial sewing ................................................................................................................................................... 27 Sewing in reverse .................... 16 Drawing up the lower thread ................................23 Replacing the presser foot .........................................................................................9 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ................................................................................10 Power supply precautions .... 33 Darning ................................................................12 Winding the bobbin ................................................................................................................................................................................ SEWING BASICS .................................................................................... 20 Replacing the needle ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 11 Steadying the machine ....................................................................................................................................... 26 Starting to sew ................................. 31 Sewing stretch fabrics .........................................................................................25 SEWING ............................—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— CONTENTS 1......... 30 Changing the sewing direction .................................................................................................................

................................................ 40 APPLIQUÉ........................................................ 44 4................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 53 5 .................................................................. 48 Bobbin case tension adjustment .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 43 Shell tuck stitching ....................................................................................................................................... 46 Cleaning the shuttle race ................................................... 47 Repacking the machine .............................................................................................................................................................................45 Oiling ...................................................................................................................................... 41 Monogramming and embroidering ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 43 Elastic stitching ..... 45 Cleaning the machine surface ........................... 48 TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................................ 46 Cleaning the feed dogs ...................................................50 INDEX ........................................45 MAINTENANCE ............ZIPPER INSERTION .......................................................................................................................................................... 41 Appliqués .................................. 45 Changing the bulb .....................................................................................43 Gathering ............................................ MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING ................................................................................................... APPENDIX .................................................................................................................................................................. 41 DECORATIVE STITCHING ..........................................................................................................

6 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— 1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS The main parts a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw (page 38) Turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw to adjust buttonhole stitching when it is not uniform. e Flat bed attachment with accessory storage (page 8 and 31) f Reverse sewing lever (page 28) Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew in the opposite direction. b Pattern selection dial (page 26) Turn the pattern selection dial to select the number of the stitch that you want to use. c Thread take-up lever (page 16) d Upper tension control dial (page 28) This controls the tension of the upper thread.

XC7359-021 (110/120V Area). XE0629-001 (Australia.).K. XC7438-321 (220/240V Area). p Foot controller (page 11) Use the foot controller to control the sewing speed and to start and stop sewing. m Thread cutter (page 28) Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them. j Handwheel Use the handwheel to manually raise and lower the needle. XC7456-321 (U. which also supplies power to this machine. i Bobbin winder (page 12) The bobbin winder winds thread onto the bobbin for use as the lower thread. XD0852-021 (Korea). o Bobbin winding pre-tension disc/thread guide (page 12 and 16) The thread guide/bobbin winding pre-tension disc is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin and threading the machine. n Presser foot lever (page 16) Use the presser foot lever to raise and lower the presser foot.1 g Built-in handle h Spool pin (page 12 and 16) The spool pin holds the spool of thread. l Foot controller jack/jack Insert the foot controller plug into the foot controller jack. Part code. New Zealand). k Main power/sewing light switch (page 10) Use this switch to turn on and off the main power and sewing light. XC7438-321 (Russia) 7 .

Attach the appropriate presser foot for the selected stitching. e Needle plate The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing straight seams. and then store the bag inside the compartment. 8 . a toward you. b Presser foot screw Use the presser foot screw to hold the presser foot holder assembly in place. c Presser foot (Zigzag) The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the fabric as the sewing takes place.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Needle and presser foot section Flat bed attachment The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment. h Bobbin case i Needle j Needle bar thread guide k Needle clamp screw Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place. a Flat bed attachment b Storage compartment a Presser foot holder assembly The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder assembly. and then pull the flat bed Lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment attachment out to remove it. they may fall out. Note ● Put the accessories in the bag. f Shuttle hook g Shuttle cover Open the shuttle cover to set the bobbin. If the accessories are not in a bag. d Feed dogs The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction. and be lost or damaged.

S. 4. 6. 5 6 7 8 Part Name Bobbin (3) Needle set Screwdriver Extra spool pin Part Code U. 1 2 3 4 Part Name Buttonhole foot “A” Zipper foot “I” Button sewing foot “M” Darning plate Part Code U. 1 Note (For U. 2. (Part number: 138135-122) 1. (Part code: 132730-122) ● A replacement for the factory-installed presser foot is available through your authorized dealer. N This foot controller can be used on the following machine models: LS-2220/2720/1520/2125/2125i. 8. ● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer.A.A. No.S. 75/11 1 needle 90/14 1 needle 100/16 1 needle 7. 5. only) ● Foot controller: Model KD-1902. 3.A. / Canada Others XA5539-151 SA156 129583-021 X55467-021 130920-021 9 .ACCESSORIES The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment. We have designed these accessories to help you be able to carry out most sewing tasks. / Canada Others X59369-321 X59370-021 XE2137-001 XA3442-121 No.S.

insert the power supply plug into a wall outlet. or lead to fire or electric shock. forcefully bent. or bundled.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Power supply precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. Using other power sources may result in fire. twisted. or damage to the machine. Otherwise a fire may result. ● When unplugging the machine. pulled. ● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Then. Electric shock may result. a Foot controller plug 10 . The sewing lamp comes on when the machine is turned on. Always grasp the plug to remove it from the outlet. ● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances: • When you are away from the machine • After using the machine • When the power fails during use • When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection • During electrical storms CAUTION ● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. always turn off the main power first. WARNING ● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. into the jack on the machine. If the cord or plug is damaged. Fire or electric shock may result. electric shock. These things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. Power supply a between the foot controller and the power b Set the main power switch to “I”. take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use. damaged. ● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. located supply plug on the cord. modified. Do not subject the cord to heat. ● Do not allow the power cord to be cut. Insert the foot controller plug. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord.

(For U. Foot controller CAUTION ● When connecting the foot controller. Do not modify the plug in any way. turn off the sewing machine and unplug the power supply cord. only) ● This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other). 1 Slower Faster You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot controller when the machine is not in use. be sure to turn off the sewing machine in order to prevent the machine from accidentally being started. If it still does not fit. Doing so could cause a fire or an electric shock. When you take your foot off the foot controller. set the main power ”. follow the necessary procedure to correctly operate the machine. the machine’s speed will increase. contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. be sure to wipe off any excess oil. To reduce the risk of electric shock.S. this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. the machine will run at a low speed. turn the rubber cushion in the right-front corner of the base plate to adjust its height until the sewing machine is stable. The sewing lamp goes off when the machine is turned off. After oiling. 11 .A. When you press harder. the machine will stop. Note ● If a power outage occurs while the sewing machine is being operated. ● A new sewing machine or one that has not been in use for a long period of time should be oiled as described on page 45. Steadying the machine If the sewing machine has been placed on an uneven surface. When you press the foot controller down lightly. reverse the plug. When restarting the sewing machine. CAUTION ● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build up on the foot controller. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet.c switch to “ To turn off the machine.

by hand. ● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. 1 Pulling it in as far as possible.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model a then put a spool of thread on this pin. b Other models d and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right. Pass the end of the thread through the hole on a Spring on the shaft b Groove of the bobbin e Turn on the sewing machine. a Pre-tension disk b Bobbin winder shaft c Bobbin CAUTION ● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156. Turn the bobbin clockwise. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— THREADING THE MACHINE Winding the bobbin This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine. c the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin. until the spring on the shaft slides into the groove of the bobbin. SFB: XA5539-151). 12 . CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is not in the right place. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. and Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft Pass the thread around the pre-tension disk. the machine will not work properly. Actual size 11. If you use bobbins from other models. SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing machine. the thread may tangle on the spool pin.

Memo ● When the sewing machine is started or the handwheel is turned after winding the thread around the bobbin. 1 CAUTION g Trim the excess thread above the bobbin. i spinning slowly. the machine will make a clicking sound. If you do not cut the thread completely. and the bobbin is wound. h 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 Press the foot controller to start. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. take your foot off the foot When the bobbin seems full and begins controller. when the thread runs low it may tangle around the bobbin and cause the needle to break. 13 . Then stop the machine. ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. gently j to the left and remove the bobbin. slide the bobbin winder shaft around the bobbin a few times.f press the foot controller to wind the thread While holding the end of the thread. this is not a malfunction. ● The needle bar does not move when you slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right. Cut the thread. CAUTION ● Make sure you follow the instructions carefully.

CAUTION ● Make sure you turn the power off while threading the machine. SFB: XA5539-151). you could be injured. If bobbins from other models are used. If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine starts to sew. CAUTION ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction. a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) Raise the needle to its highest position by turning and raise the presser foot lever. ● The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. 14 . and then insert the bobbin Unwind about 10 cm (4 inches) of thread into the bobbin case. Actual size 11. a Flat bed attachment b Shuttle cover 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 c toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. • Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine. Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. Open the shuttle cover behind the flat bed Lower threading Install the bobbin wound with thread.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model Other models a Bobbin case latch d from a full bobbin. the machine will not operate correctly. it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— b attachment at the front of the machine. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. CAUTION ● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction.

CAUTION ● Make sure that the bobbin case is properly placed back into the machine. as shown below. fully insert release the latch. 15 . • Make sure the bobbin case finger fits into the notch at the top of the shuttle race. it will fall out from the shuttle when the machine starts to sew.e and to the left. a Bobbin case finger b Notch g Close the shuttle cover. and then Hold the bobbin case by the latch. If it is incorrectly installed. until it enters Pull the trailing thread through the slot. down the delivery eye under the tension spring. 1 a Tension spring f the bobbin case into the shuttle race.

Raise the needle by turning the handwheel b toward you (counterclockwise) to raise the thread take-up lever to its highest position. Raise the presser foot using the presser foot c then put a spool of thread on this pin. and CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is in the wrong place. d guides: the rear one first. • If the needle is not correctly raised. the thread may tangle on the spool pin and cause the needle to break. the thread could tangle and break the needle. Be sure to turn the handwheel before threading the sewing machine. or is set incorrectly. Otherwise. a lever. the sewing machine can not be threaded. a Presser foot lever e tension control dial from the right to the left Feed the upper thread through both thread Pull the thread down and around the upper so the thread picks up the thread check spring.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Upper threading Set the upper thread and thread the needle. then the front one. a Upper tension control dial b Thread check spring 16 . Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. a b c d Spool pin Thread guide (rear) Thread guide (front) Thread take-up lever CAUTION ● Make sure you thread the machine properly.

Thread the needle from front to back and pull a Thread take-up lever a 5 cm (2 inches) Note ● If the thread take-up lever is lowered. 17 . 1 g lever from right to left. ● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may cause sewing problems. While holding the thread as shown below. Make sure you raise the presser foot lever and the thread take-up lever before you feed the upper thread. the upper thread cannot be wrapped around the thread take-up lever. Guide the thread through the thread take-up a Needle bar thread guide i out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread. h guide above the needle. Put the thread behind the needle bar thread The thread can easily be passed behind the needle bar thread guide by holding the thread in your left hand. then feeding the thread with your right hand.f pull it between the tension discs.

KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Drawing up the lower thread a Lightly hold the end of the upper thread. Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower a Upper thread b Lower thread 18 . a Upper thread b Lower thread c thread. d threads and pull them toward the back of the Pull out about 15 cm (6 inches) of both machine under the presser foot. turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). a Upper thread b raise the needle to its highest position by While holding the end of the upper thread.

Percale. Pique. Silk. Failure to observe these precautions is extremely dangerous.) Fine corduroy. 90/14 (Ball point) Jersey. Tweed. Velvet. 75/11 Synthetics. regardless of the fabric being sewn. Corduroy. Batiste Cotton. Refer to the following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew. ● Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur. Thin linen. your machine. Gingham. Sewing fabrics Very thin Fine tricot. Satin. Use the same size thread for the upper (spool) and lower (bobbin) threads. ● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased. the thicker the thread. Double knit. Taffeta. Suitings. Poplin. possibly resulting in injury. Needle precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Bent needles can easily break. the thicker the needle. Gabardine. Muslin Denim. ● Never use bent needles.REPLACING THE NEEDLE This section provides information on sewing machine needles. Silk. Fine lace. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below. Canvas. Tricot Memo ● The smaller the thread number. Chiffon 65/9 Needle sizes Thread sizes Cotton: 80 Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Fine Mercerized Cotton Cotton: 60-80 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50 Cotton: 50-60 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50-60 Cotton: 40-50 Mercerized Heavy Duty Polyester Long Fiber Cotton Wrapped Polyester Polyester Long Fiber Lightweight Voile. 90/14 (Supplied with Lightweight wool. Organza. and the larger the needle number. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the machine. 1 CAUTION ● Only use home sewing machine needles. 19 . Linen. Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Duck 100/16 Medium weight Heavyweight Knits Single knit. ● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with transparent nylon threads.

a Presser foot lever 1 a Flat surface 20 . particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11). Replacing the needle Replace the needle as described below. thread and needle is not correct. 1 a Flat surface ■ Incorrect needle If the distance between the needle and the flat surface is not even. If the combination of the fabric. Before using the needle. thread and needle combinations are shown in the table on the previous page. b turning the handwheel toward you 1 2 Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). In addition. the needle is bent. place the flat side of the needle on a flat surface and check that the distance between the needle and the flat surface is even. Do not use a bent needle. Use the screwdriver and a needle that has been determined to be straight according to the instructions in “Checking the needle” .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— CAUTION ● The appropriate fabric. the stitching may be uneven or puckered or there may be skipped stitches. a Turn off the sewing machine. the needle may bend or break. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. a Flat side b Needle type marking ■ Correct needle c Lower the presser foot lever. CAUTION ● Before replacing the needle. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. Checking the needle Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous since the needle may break while the machine is being operated.

■ Installing the needle clamp If the needle clamp is removed. (If the needle clamp screw is loosened too much. otherwise certain parts of the sewing machine may be damaged. otherwise the needle may break or damage may result. e rear of the machine. insert the needle until it With the flat side of the needle toward the touches the needle stopper. a the needle clamp onto the needle bar so that As seen from the front of the machine. f use the screwdriver to tighten the needle While holding the needle with your left hand.d use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp Hold the needle with your left hand. a Needle clamp screw b Needle bar thread guide c Needle bar b with the end of the needle bar. the needle clamp (which holds the needle) may fall off.) 1 Install the twin needle in the same way. and then Align the bottom edge of the needle holder tighten the needle clamp screw. Therefore. clamp screw by turning it clockwise. a Needle stopper a b c d Needle bar Needle holder Needle clamp screw Align 21 . Note ● The needle can be removed by simply loosening the needle clamp screw about one turn. a Screwdriver b Needle clamp screw • Do not apply strong force when loosening or tightening the needle clamp screw. do not loosen the needle clamp screw too much. slide the needle clamp screw is on the right side and the needle bar thread guide is at the bottom. follow the procedure below to attach it to the needle bar. CAUTION ● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches the needle stopper and securely tighten the needle clamp screw with the screwdriver. and then screw counterclockwise to remove the needle.

the machine. ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. ● Do not sew with bent needles. ● When changing the sewing direction. be sure to raise the needle before turning the fabric. c Needle bar thread guide a First spool b Second spool c the machine to the needle bar thread guide. See page 16 for more details. The needle could break and injure you. the needle may bend or break. a Left needle thread passes through the needle bar thread guide. d Thread the left needle from front to back. the needle may bend or break. 22 . otherwise the needle may break or the machine may be damaged. single needle (page 20). The stitches available for twin-needle sewing are straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. e the machine to the thread take-up lever. and damage the machine.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Sewing with a twin needle (Option) We have designed your machine so you can sew with the optional twin needle and two top threads. Use the thread from the first spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the needle bar thread guide is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). b Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of Attach the extra spool pin. CAUTION ● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: X57521-021). thread guide. ● When using the twin needle. f Do not pass the thread behind the needle bar Thread the right needle from front to back. You can use the same color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches. Use the thread from the second spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the thread take-up lever is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). See page 16 for more details. b Right needle thread passes in front of the needle bar thread guide. Other needles could break. be sure to select an appropriate stitch (straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2). Put the second spool of thread onto the extra spool pin. If the needle hits the presser foot. ■ Twin needle threading a Attach the twin needle in the same way as a Attach the twin needle.

● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. a Presser foot holder b Shank c Pin f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the presser foot holder. 1 Replacing the presser foot Replace the presser foot as described below. etc. the machine will start and you may be injured. a Presser foot lever a Presser foot lever The presser foot is attached.REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT CAUTION ● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. If you use the wrong presser foot. ● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break. If you leave the power on and step on the controller. I. Using other any presser feet may cause an accident or injury. a Black button b Presser foot holder CAUTION ● Before replacing the presser foot.) is positioned to be read. b turning the handwheel toward you e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the Place a different presser foot below the holder shank in the holder. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. Press the black button at the back of the If the sewing machine has been turned on. c Raise the presser foot lever. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. d presser foot holder to release the presser foot. a turn it off. 23 . and may cause injury. Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). Position the presser foot so the letter indicating the presser foot type (A.

a Presser foot holder b Presser bar b your right hand. Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw Note ● If the presser foot holder is not correctly installed. the thread tension will be incorrect. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). b holder screw. a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw 24 . ■ Removing the presser foot holder a Remove the presser foot. Align the presser foot holder with the lower- Removing the presser foot holder Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that does not use the presser foot holder. such as the quilting foot.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— g presser foot is securely attached. Raise the presser foot lever to check that the ■ Attaching the presser foot holder a left side of the presser bar. and then tighten the screw Hold the presser foot holder in place with using the screwdriver in your left hand. • For details. Use the screwdriver to remove the presser foot holder.

1 Turn on the machine. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). read the following precautions. When sewing is finished. ● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing. refer to “Power supply” (page 10). Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn. Before operating the sewing machine. pay special attention to the needle location. ● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins. 3 Attach the presser foot. Position the fabric. 4 Start sewing. possibly resulting in injuries. cut the threads. ● Never use bent needles. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). General sewing procedure Follow the basic procedures below to sew. For details on starting to sew.2 SEWING BASICS SEWING Basic sewing operations are described below. otherwise the needle may break or bend. otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may break. For details on selecting a stitch. 2 Select the stitch. For details on replacing the presser foot. For details on turning on the machine. Turn on the sewing machine. Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch. In addition. Bent needles can easily break. keep your hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). and then start sewing. 25 . 2 CAUTION ● While the machine is in operation. otherwise injuries may occur.

35. aPattern selection dial Number on dial Stitch name 4-step automatic buttonhole b Pattern ac d Page 1 36 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 32. 40. 43 7 Straight stitch (Left needle position) Stretch blind Stitch 33 8 33 9 Shell tuck stitch 43 10 Elastic stitch 44 26 . 41 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Zigzag (satin) stitch 6 Straight stitch (Center needle position) Select the desired length.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Selecting stitching Turning the stitch selection dial in either direction. 33. select the desired stitch.

27 . The machine starts sewing. i turning the handwheel toward you a 5 cm (2 inches) j Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). turn the handwheel While holding the end of the thread and the Turn on the sewing machine. toward you (counterclockwise) with your right hand to lower the needle to the starting point of the stitching. pass pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread toward the rear of the machine. a Presser foot lever d the thread under the presser foot. The machine stops sewing. Raise the presser foot lever. 2 b turning the handwheel toward you Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). f Lower the presser foot lever. a Presser foot lever g Slowly press down on the foot controller.Starting to sew a e fabric with your left hand. h Take your foot off the foot controller. and then Place the fabric under the presser foot. c Raise the presser foot lever.

refer to “Lower threading” (page 14) and reinsert the bobbin. Memo ● Before beginning to change tension adjustments make sure the upper thread and bobbin are inserted correctly. To sew forward. Note ● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly inserted. You may need to adjust it when you change fabric or thread. the upper thread may be too tight. In this case. Thread tension The thread tension will affect the quality of your stitches. a while sewing. 28 . release the reverse sewing 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. 1 2 3 a b c d Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever 4 ■ Upper tension is too tight Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. cutter on the back of the presser foot bar to cut them. a Thread cutter Sewing in reverse Reverse sewing is used to lock the threads at the end of the seam or wherever reinforcement is needed. ■ Correct tension Correct tension is important as too much or too little tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers on your fabric. ● We recommend you do a test sample on a scrap of fabric before you start to sew. b lever.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— k and then pass the threads through the thread Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine.

■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops may appear on the surface of the fabric when sewing thin fabric with thin thread. If the problem persists. be sure to return the screw to its original position before the next time that the machine is used. 29 .■ Upper tension is too loose Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. Be sure not to turn the screw more than one full turn. increase the tension in the bobbin by turning the screw clockwise with a small screwdriver. no adjustment is needed. For most sewing applications. 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 4 2 2 3 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. Note ● The bobbin thread tension has been adjusted at the factory for general use. In this case. refer to “Upper threading” (page 16) and rethread. In addition. the upper thread may be too loose. Note ● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded.

the needle may bend or break. use a piece of fabric and thread that are the same as those used for your project. Sewing curves Stop sewing. be sure to raise the needle before changing the sewing direction. For the trial sewing. and then turn the b fabric. and then slightly change the sewing direction to sew around the curve. the needle may bend or break. Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— USEFUL SEWING TIPS Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. the desired results may not be achieved. 30 . Lower the presser foot lever and continue CAUTION ● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inches) thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much force. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. Changing the sewing direction a sewing machine. lower the needle by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). Refer to these tips when sewing your project. If the needle was raised. Trial sewing A trial piece of fabric should be sewn since. stop the Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). Sewing thick fabrics ■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser foot. perform the trial sewing under the same conditions that will be used with your project. depending on the type of fabric and stitching being sewn. CAUTION ● When using the twin needle. When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag stitch. and check the thread tension and stitch length and width. select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain a finer stitch. Raise the presser foot lever. Since the results differ depending on the type of stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn. raise the presser foot lever even higher to bring the presser foot to its highest position. When the stitching reaches a corner. c sewing.

a Flat bed attachment 31 . a Basting Using a free-arm style Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular and hard-to-reach areas. If this occurs. place thin paper or stabilizer material under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric. To change your machine to the free-arm style. and then sew without stretching the fabric. and then pull the flat bed attachment out to remove it. 2 a Stabilizer material or paper Sewing stretch fabrics First. baste the pieces of fabric together. tear off any excess paper. lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment toward you.Sewing thin fabrics When sewing thin fabrics. When you have finished sewing. the stitching may become misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly.

use straight stitches at the beginning and end of the zigzag stitch for reinforcement. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. Select the desired width. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Memo ● When sewing with a zigzag stitch. Zigzag (satin) stitch a Select a stitch. Lower the needle into the fabric at the b beginning of the stitching. the needle may bend or break. d When sewing is finished. • For details.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— 3 UTILITY STITCHES USEFUL STITCHES Zigzag stitches You can use the zigzag stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. cut the thread. CAUTION ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. If the needle hits the presser foot. They are also useful for sewing stretch materials. • For details. Stitch name Application c Start sawing. • For details. 32 .

Two stitches are available for basic stitching. a Right side of fabric b Bottom side b hem. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Blind hem stitching You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project. Number on dial 8 Stitch name Stretch blind Stitch Application Blind hem stitching on stretch fabrics. e When sewing is finished. d Lower the needle into the fabric at the Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the Start sewing. like the hem of a pair of trousers. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. <Seen from the side> a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric 33 .Basic stitching Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. 7 a Reverse the skirt or pants. • For details. and press. • For details. etc. etc. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). and position) sewing gathers or darning. c beginning of the stitching. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). cut the thread. Straight stitch (Left needle position) Basic stitching. sewing gathers or pintucks. a b Baste or pin together the fabric pieces. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). 3 Select a stitch. basic (Center needle stitching. • For details. without the stitch showing.

Fold back the fabric inside along the basting. g free-arm sewing possible. and position the <Seen from the side> <Seen from the side> a b c d e d Wrong side of fabric Right side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting stitching 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Wrong side of fabric b Basting c Edge of fabric f Select the stretch blind stitch (8). Unfold the edge of fabric. Remove the flat bed attachment and make • For details on free-arm sewing. <Seen from the side> a b c d Wrong side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Arm 34 . make sure that the fabric feeds correctly. and Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm then baste it. e fabric with the wrong side facing up.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— c (3/16 inches) from the edge of the fabric. Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the and then start sewing. h arm. refer to“Using a free-arm style” (page 31).

Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Attaching Straight stitch zippers. and then lower Position the fabric so that the needle slightly the presser foot lever. alternately drawing the Start sewing while gently moving the fabric fabric away and pulling it toward you. etc. make sure that both threads are the same color as the fabric. For invisible stitching.i catches the fold of the hem. b Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). c presser foot together with a fabric underlay a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric d with your hands. Stop sewing when the portion to be darned is 35 . Remove the basting stitching and turn the k fabric right side up. 3 Sew along the fold of the hem. Darning Reinforce points that will be subject to strain. basic (Center needle stitching. e filled with parallel stitching. a shown below. and then remove both the aNeedle bNeedle drop point cFold of hem dWrong side of fabric j Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. Place the fabric to be darned under the for reinforcement. and position) sewing gathers or darning.

a b c d Presser foot scale Pin Marks on buttonhole foot 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Mark on fabric b Red marks on the sliding insert e Start sewing. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. Select stitch “a” of the 4-step automatic Making the buttonhole The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”. are indicated below. check the stitch length and width by sewing a trial buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric. which is used for sewing buttonholes. a Reinforcement stitching c buttonhole (1). Number on dial 1 4-step automatic buttonhole Buttonholes on medium weight fabrics.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— BUTTONHOLE SEWING Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on. ● When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics. Step Step a (Front end of button hole) Step b (Left side) Sewn portion Use chalk to mark the position and length of 1 Step c (Back end of button hole) a Marks on fabric Step d (Right side) b outside frame back until the sliding insert Attach buttonhole foot “A” and push the reaches the front of the outside frame. d that the middle of the front chalk line is Position the fabric under the presser foot so directly in the center of the presser foot and aligned with the two red lines on the insert. place stabilizer material under the fablic. 36 . Pass the upper thread down through the hole in the presser foot. Stitch name Application Memo ● Before sewing buttonholes. as shown below. Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back. a the buttonhole on the fabric.

For reinforcement. 3 Start sewing. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. and then use a seam ripper to cut towards the pin and open the buttonhole. Raise the presser foot lever. Sew the right side of the stitching sewn in step e. select the straight stitch (6 through 10) with the desired length. remove the 37 . and then sew to the edge of the front bar tack. turn the fabric 90 degrees counterclockwise. i side of the stitching. otherwise injuries may result if the seam ripper slips. m buttonhole (1). Sew 5 to 6 stitches. do not place your hands in the cutting path. Select stitch “d” of the 4-step automatic n buttonhole until the needle reaches the Start sewing. p stitching to prevent the stitching from being Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole cut. k CAUTION ● When opening the buttonhole with the seam ripper. and then raise the needle by Stop sewing when the needle is at the left side turning the handwheel toward you. 1 a Seam ripper b Pin Select stitch “c” (same as “a”) of the 4-step j automatic buttonhole (1). Select stitch “b” of the 4-step automatic 2 Start sewing. and then sew the length of the h chalk line. Do not use the seam ripper in any other way than how it is intended. l side of the stitching. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. and cut the thread.f of the stitching. g buttonhole (1). o fabric.

the stitching can adjusted with the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw. 3 or 4) according to the following table. a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw Distance between holes 1. c shown below.6 mm (1/16 inches) 3.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Adjusting buitching stitching If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not uniform. Place a button between the presser foot and • When attaching four-hole buttons. 38 . first sew the two holes closest to you. slide the button so that the needle goes into the two holes toward the rear of the sewing machine. Button sewing Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine. and then select the Measure the distance between the holes in the appropriate zigzag stitch (2.2 mm (1/8 inches) 4.8 mm (3/16 inches) b ■ If the right side is too loose compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the direction. Number of dial 2 3 4 Attach the button sewing foot “M”. Then. Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached. d the fabric. a button to be attached. and then sew them in the same way. Place the darning plate on the needle plate as ■ If the right side is too tight compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the + direction.

CAUTION ● When sewing. If the needle hits the button. and Pull the upper thread at the end of the then tie it with the bobbin thread. be sure that the needle does not touch the button. • After sewing for about 10 seconds at a low speed. Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching.e (counterclockwise) to check that the needle Turn the handwheel toward you correctly goes into the two holes of the button. f 3 Start sewing. return to step a. 39 . leaving a length of 15 cm (6 inches). h stitching to the wrong side of the fabric. Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew a few reinforcement stitches. otherwise the needle may bend or break. g and then cut the upper and lower threads.

If you choose a different stitch. the needle may break and you may be injured. When sewing the right side of the zipper.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— ZIPPER INSERTION You can use the zipper foot “I” to sew different types of zippers. 40 . release back of the presser foot. e the foot by pressing the button located at the To sew the opposite side of the zipper. b left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the shank. You may also be injured. Lower the needle into the notch located either on the left or right side of the zipper foot. attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot. and position) sewing gathers or darning. etc. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application d top on both sides. a Zipper foot “I” b Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper c Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). When sewing the left side of the zipper. fit the zipper foot on the other side of the zipper and continue sewing using the other side notch. and can easily position it to the right or left side of the needle. Fold the edge of the fabric 2 cm (3/4 inches) c and place the zipper under the folded section. CAUTION ● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the needle does not hit the presser foot before you start sewing. If the needle hits the zipper. CAUTION ● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper during sewing. basic (Center needle stitching. The needle should be Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the positioned on the zipper side of the foot for best results. the needle will hit the presser foot and break the needle.

Monogramming and embroidering a shown below. d stitching. Stitch name Application c Carefully sew around the edge of the design. monogramming and embroidering. Select the desired width. Zigzag (satin) stitch Appliqués You can create an appliqué by cutting a different piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a decoration. e Remove the basting. as the needle can break. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING Zigzag stitches can be used for sewing appliqués. 41 . You may also be injured. Cut away any fabric that is left outside the Select a stitch. Baste the cut design to the fabric. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. a b CAUTION ● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin during sewing. 3 Memo ● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. if necessary. and then remove both the Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly.APPLIQUÉ. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches.

Then. ■ Embroidering Sew along the outline of the design by moving the hoop slowly. ■ Monogramming Sew the lettering at a constant speed by moving the hoop slowly. g forefingers of both hands while pressing the Grip the hoop with the thumbs and Memo ● Be sure to keep the stitches close together. d the surface of the fabric facing up inside the Put the fabric in the embroidery hoop with well. and support the outside of the hoop with your little fingers. e the presser bar. CAUTION ● Be sure to keep your fingers away from moving parts. i and sew a few stitches for reinforcing. h Start sewing. the stitches are longer. the stitches are shorter. especially needles. 42 . and then sew a few stitches to reinforce the stitching. Place the project under the needle and lower f at the starting position by turning the Draw up the lower thread through the project handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). Select the desired length for straight stitch (6) Memo ● When the hoop is moved quickly. c design (for embroidering) on the surface of Draw the lettering (for monogramming) or the fabric.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— b Select a stitch. When the hoop is moved slowly. sew to completely fill in the design with stitches by alternately sewing from the outline of the design to the inside and from the inside to the outline. fabric with the middle and third fingers.

refer to “Thread tension” (page 28). Gathering Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Shell tuck stitching Number on dial 9 Shell tuck stitch Shell tuck stitching The gathers that look like shells are called “shell tucks”. Sew while making sure that the needle drops d down to one side. and then iron the tucks 43 . (Center needle and sewing position) gathers or darning. b the thread tension. Straight stitch basic stitching. the front of blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics. Select the shell tuck stitch (9). a Attaching zippers. Loosen the tension of the upper thread (to 3 b about 2). etc. and increase • For details. c slightly off the edge of the fabric. d Smooth the gathers by ironing them. They are used to decorate trims. Stitch name Application a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers. Fold the fabric along the bias.DECORATIVE STITCHING Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine. • For details. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Sew a single or multiple parallel rows of • Do not sew reverse stitches or cut the thread. Unfold the fabric. c stitches.

■ Sewing elastic tape Place the elastic tape on the fabric. and then sew over the tear. and then place them under the presser foot with the fabric edges under the center of the presser foot. The elastic stitch can be used in 3 ways: mending. Memo ● Make reinforcing reverse stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. sewing Elastic stitching elastic tape or joining fabric. Select the elastic stitch (10).UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Elastic stitching Number on dial 10 Stitch name Application Mending. Each is explained below. ■ Mending Place the reinforcement fabric under the tear to be mended. start sewing the edges of the two fabrics together. Then. 44 . sewing elastic or joining fabric. ■ Joining fabric Put the edges of the two pieces of fabric together. and then sew over the elastic tape while holding the tape both in front and behind the presser foot.

a b Turn off the machine and unplug it.4 APPENDIX MAINTENANCE Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below. ● Do not apply too much oil as it may soil the thread and fabric. 45 . ● Sewing machine oil is available at your local sewing machine dealer or service center. Note ● Hold the face plate securely while removing or attaching it. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. run the machine for a short time Memo ● Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. After oiling. c at a fast speed without thread. Put 2 to 3 drops of oil at each of the points Be sure to wipe any excess oil off the machine. b indicated below. oil every day. Oiling a Changing the bulb CAUTION Turn off the machine and unplug it. 4 Loosen the face plate screw. ● Unplug the power supply cord before changing the bulb. If you use it more often. c Remove the face plate from the machine.

Slide the latch levers out from the retaining CAUTION ● Unplug the power supply cord before cleaning the machine. Cleaning the shuttle race CAUTION ● Be sure to unplug the machine before cleaning it. a bulb b Loosen c Tighten e again. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. wipe it again with a dry cloth. Cleaning the machine surface If the surface of the machine is dirty. a Retaining ring b Latch lever 46 .APPENDIX d ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Replace the sewing light bulb. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. and c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. and then wipe the surface of the machine. lightly soak a cloth in neutral detergent. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. Raise the needle and the presser foot. After cleaning it once with a wet cloth. Remove the flat bed attachment and open the Attach the face plate and fasten the screw d toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. squeeze it out firmly. a Bobbin case latch e ring to remove it.

a Retaining ring b Driver c Race body h wipe the shuttle race in order to remove any Use a cloth dampened with machine oil to lint. c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. e part of the feed dogs and shuttle race body. Use a brush to remove any accumulated lint driver and race body.f and pulling it out. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. Attach the bobbin case. the presser foot and Cleaning the feed dogs CAUTION ● Make sure you unplug the machine before you clean it. j and push the latch levers back into position. Clean the lint from the shuttle hook in the i same manner as described in step h. Remove the hook by grasping its center post k the needle before using the machine. you may get an electric shock or be injured. a Retaining ring b Hook c Hook center post g and thread from the retaining ring. Attach the needle plate by using a coin or a Retaining ring b Hook c Latch lever 47 . Raise the needle and the presser foot. f screwdriver. Use a brush to clean the lint from the upper Reassemble the hook and the retaining ring. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. and Remove the flat bed attachment and open the 4 Remove the needle plate by using a coin or d screwdriver to remove the screws. hook. Otherwise.

● Save this packing material in case it is needed to transport this sewing machine. When packing up the machine again. the thread tension may not be adjusted adequately with the upper tension control dial. a Screw Bobbin case tension adjustment The bobbin thread tension has already been adjusted at the factory for general use. damage may occur during shipping. For most sewing applications.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Repacking the machine Keep the carton and packing materials for future use. no adjustment is needed. being careful not to over-tighten the screw. turn the screw clockwise. In this case. Note ● Remember to return the screw to its original setting before starting your next project. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. IMPORTANT ● This packing material is designed to prevent damage in transit. the thread tension must be adjusted according to the procedure described below. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. the bobbin thread may be too loose. When sewing with thin thread on thin fabrics. 48 . If it is not packed properly. Therefore. pack it properly as described below. approximately 30-45 degrees to increase bobbin tension. After you adjust the bobbin thread. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. Note ● If the loops still appear on the surface of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension.

Note ● If the loops still appear on the wrong side of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. 4 a Screw 49 . turn the screw counterclockwise being careful not to over-loosen the screw. 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 2 3 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number.■ Bobbin tension is too tight Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. approximately 30-45 degrees to decrease bobbin tension. In this case. the bobbin thread may be too tight. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. After you adjust the bobbin thread.

APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— TROUBLESHOOTING If the machine stops operating correctly. Replace the bobbin case. 41 page 28 – – The main power switch is turned off. 50 . The presser foot you are using is not appropriate for the type of stitch that you want to sew. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. the Brother Solutions Center offers the latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. Symptom Possible cause The machine is not plugged in. Remove the tangle thread. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. The upper thread tension is too tight. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. The needle is bent or blunt. – – page 12 Correct the upper threading. How to put it right Plug the machine in. Loosen the upper thread tension. The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to the right. contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center.com]. for example. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. – page 19 page 28 page 46 The upper thread tension is too tight. You are pulling the fabric too much. (for example. or the thread has come out of the guide above the needle. If the problem persists. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. The sewing machine does not work. The thread is tangled. check the following possible problems before requesting service. Use the foot controller properly. Reference page 10 page 10 page 13 page 11 page 20 page 21 page 20 page 19 page 35. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. Insert the needle properly.) Replace the presser foot. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Replace the needle. clean the shuttle race. in the shuttle race. 36. The needle breaks. You can solve most problems by yourself. You have not inserted the needle properly. Lightly guide the fabric. 38.brother. thread and needle. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. Turn on the main power switch. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. authorized service center. 40. The area around the hole in the nee. you have not fitted the spool properly. The needle is not appropriate for the thread you are using. You have not used the foot controller properly. The bobbin case is scratched. Remove any knots or tangles. Choose a needle that is appropriate for the type of stitch. The needle clamp screw is loose. Loosen the upper thread tension. page 16 The upper thread breaks. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Move the bobbin winder shaft to the left. Visit us at [http://solutions. If you need additional help. Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten the screw. There are knots or tangles in the thread.Replace the needle plate.

Remove the tangled thread and clean the shuttle race. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. – – page 12 page 12 – page 46 page 12 page 14 page 16 4 Correct the upper threading. Wind the bobbin thread properly. thread and needle. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. foot holder properly. The upper thread was not threaded correctly. Insert the needle properly. The lower thread is tangled or breaks. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. How to put it right Replace the needle. Replace the presser foot. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Bobbin is set incorrectly. The thread is tangled. Correctly install the bobbin thread. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not inserted the needle properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. or has a burr on it.Symptom Possible cause The needle is bent or blunt. The bobbin is scratched or does not turn smoothly. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched.You have not attached the pressersion is incorrect. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Bobbin is set incorrectly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Wind the bobbin thread properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. The thread ten. The upper thread is too tight. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Correct the upper threading. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine.Replace the needle plate. authorised service center. Attach the presser-foot holder properly. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. The upper thread breaks. Replace the bobbin. page 16 page 12 page 19 page 24 page 28 page 12 page 14 page 14 51 . The bobbin thread is incorrectly installed. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. The thread is tangled on the wrong side of the fabric. You have not used the right combination of fabric. The bobbin case is scratched. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. Reference page 20 page 20 – The area around the hole in the nee. The thread tension is incorrect. Replace the bobbin case.

If you use it more often. 36. The thread is tangled. The thread is tangled. page 45 52 . Sew with stabiliser material under the fabric. 47 page 46 page 16 – The fabric is wrinkled. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. thread and needle. page 12 Insufficient oiling. Replace the needle. for example. 38. Stitches are skipped. in the shuttle race. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. Change the sewing light bulb. There is a highpitched noise while sewing. clean the shuttle race. The bobbin case is scratched. clean the shuttle race. in the shuttle race. Correct the upper threading. You have not used the right combination of fabric. The sewing lamp is damaged. The thread tension is incorrect. How to put it right Thread the upper thread and wind the bobbin thread properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. Reference page 14. You have not fitted the spool properly. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. thread and needle. the stitch is too thick. You have not used bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The thread tension is incorrect. Dust has accumulated under the needle plate or in the shuttle race. The needle is bent or blunt. oil every day. Adjust the tension of the upper thread.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Symptom Possible cause You have not threaded the upper thread properly or fitted the bobbin properly. Replace the bobbin case. page 33. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. If you are sewing thin fabric. You have not inserted the needle properly. Replace the needle. 16 – page 19 page 20 page 31 page 28 page 16 page 19 page 20 page 46. The stitch is not sewn correctly. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Fit the spool properly. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. for example. 40. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. The needle is bent or blunt. Insert the needle properly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. You have not used the right combination of fabric. page 45 The presser foot that you are using is not correct for the type of stitch. Clean the shuttle race. Remove the needle plate cover and clean the plate and the shuttle race. Remove the tangle thread. thread and needle. Remove the tangle thread. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The sewing light bulb does not come on. 41 page 28 page 46 page 19 page 46 The fabric does not feed. Correct the upper threading. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Dust has built up in the feed dogs or in the shuttle race.

.................................................................. 48 reverse sewing lever ........................................................... 28 thread guide .............................................................43 shuttle hook removal ............8....................................................... 28 trial sewing ......... 31 F U W winding the bobbin ..................................................................33 stretch blind stitch ......... 22 upper tension-control dial ........................................................................................................................... 24 presser foot lever .......................................30..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................28..........33 bobbin ................................................................................... 8............................................ 41 extra spool pin ............................................................................................................................................... 41 S satin stitching ............................. 43 Z H handwheel ...................................................................................................INDEX A accessories ................................. 12 P R relative chart of sewing fabrics........... 50 twin needle ................................................................. needles and threads ..................................................... 37 sewing machine needles ........................................................ 40 G gathering ...... 47 O oiling ................................... 28 53 ............6.....................................................8...........47 shuttle race cleaning ....................................................................8..........30 thin fabrics ....... 31 foot controller ......................................................................................................................33 blind hem stitching ...................................... 19 needle bar thread guide ........................................... 21......... 7 J joining ............................................................36 T thick fabrics ................................................. 14 bobbin winder ..............................................40 zipper insertion ............10 monogramming ..19 shell tuck stitching .................... 7....................................... 41 N needle ................................................................................12 zigzag stitches .....27 free-arm style ............................................................................................... 19 repacking ....................45 overcasting stitches ..................................... 44 M main parts ................................... 32................................................................................................................. 16 straight stitch ..................32 pattern selection dial ............................................................ 26 presser foot .................. 22 feed dogs ............ 8............................................................................................................................................................................................8 needle clamp screw ..........6 main power switch ....................................... 46 D darning .................................................... 30 troubleshooting ...........................................................................36 buttonhole sewing .................... 14 bobbin case .....................................................................................................................................................................32 seam ripper ..... 12 button sewing ..................... 16 pre-tension disk .............8........................................................................................................ 31 B basic stitching .. 23 presser foot holder .......38 buttonhole foot ............................................ 16 thread tension ...................................................................33 stretch fabrics .....................31 thread cutter ..9 appliqués ....................12.....................................35 E embroidering ....................................................16 C cleaning ...................................................... 47 flat bed attachment .....47 spool pin ....................................... 21 needle plate ....... 48 upper threading .................... 29................................................ 41 zipper foot .............................................................................................................................................................

English XE4592-001 Printed in China .

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