KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE

SEWING BASICS

UTILITY STITCHES

APPENDIX

Basic Sewing and Mending Machine

Operation Manual
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).

“IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS”
When using the sewing machine, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the following: “Read all instructions before using.”

DANGER – To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. The sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning. 2. Always unplug before changing the light bulb. Replace bulb with same type rated 15 watts.

WARNING – To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons: 1. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the sewing machine is used by or near children. 2. Use this sewing machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual. 3. Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the sewing machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment. 4. Never operate the sewing machine with any of the air openings blocked. Keep the ventilation openings of the sewing machine and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth. 5. Never drop or insert any object into any openings. 6. Do not use this machine outdoors. 7. Do not operate this machine where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered. 8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol “O” position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet. 9. Do not unplug by pulling on the cord. To unplug, grasp the plug and pull, not the cord. 10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle. 11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break. 12. Do not use a bent needle. 13. Do not pull or push the fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break. 14. Switch the sewing machine to the off, symbol “O” position when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as threading the needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin, or changing the presser foot. 15. Always unplug the sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user service adjustments mentioned in this instruction manual. 16. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or impaired persons without supervision. 17. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this sewing machine. “SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS” “This sewing machine is intended for household use.”

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FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following.

IMPORTANT
If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut off and an appropriate three-pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in the plug. NOTE The plug served from the main lead must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug. Always replace the fuse cover, never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted. WARNING DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE LETTER ‘E’, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW. The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue Brown Neutral Live

As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows. The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘N’ or coloured black or blue. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘L’ or coloured red or brown.

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CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING OUR MACHINE
To fully enjoy all the features, we suggest that you study the manual before using the machine.

PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation 1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread takeup lever, needle, or other moving parts. 2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when: • Operation is completed • Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts • A power failure occurs during use • Maintaining the machine • Leaving the machine unattended 3. Do not store anything on the foot controller. 4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords. For a longer service life 1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects. 2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders can damage the case and machine, and should never be used. 3. Do not drop or hit the machine. 4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation. For repair or adjustment In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer. For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.brother.com The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.

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................................ 10 Power supply ............................................................................................... 18 REPLACING THE NEEDLE ..........................................................................................................10 Power supply precautions .................................................................................................................................... UTILITY STITCHES ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 30 Changing the sewing direction ....................................................................................................................................... KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE .........36 Making the buttonhole .... 6 Needle and presser foot section ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 6 The main parts ....................... 16 Drawing up the lower thread ....................................................................................................... 20 Replacing the needle ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 27 Sewing in reverse ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................23 Replacing the presser foot .................................................................................. 30 Sewing curves .......................................................................... 23 Removing the presser foot holder ............................................................12 Winding the bobbin ................................................................................................................................................................... 28 Thread tension ....................................................32 USEFUL STITCHES ........................................ 31 Sewing stretch fabrics ...............9 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ................................................................... 12 Lower threading ................................................................. 24 2................—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— CONTENTS 1............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 19 Checking the needle ........ 11 Steadying the machine ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8 Flat bed attachment ............................................................................. 25 Selecting stitching ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ SEWING BASICS ........................................................................................................................................................... 11 THREADING THE MACHINE ........................ 38 Button sewing .............................. 14 Upper threading ........................................................................................................................ 19 Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 26 Starting to sew ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 28 USEFUL SEWING TIPS ........................................................... 32 Basic stitching ................................................... 35 BUTTONHOLE SEWING ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 30 Trial sewing ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................25 SEWING ................................................... 22 REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ......................................................... 20 Sewing with a twin needle (Option) .................................................. 38 4 ........................................6 NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS ............................................................................. 36 Adjusting buitching stitching ..................................................................19 Needle precautions ....................................................................................................... 31 Using a free-arm style ............................................................................................................................................................................. 8 ACCESSORIES .....................................................................................................25 General sewing procedure ................................................................................ 30 Sewing thick fabrics .......................................................................................................... 10 Foot controller ................................................... 32 Zigzag stitches .. 33 Darning . 33 Blind hem stitching ..................... 31 3.............................................................................................. 30 Sewing thin fabrics ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................ZIPPER INSERTION .........45 Oiling .....................................................................................................................................................................................................45 MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................................. 53 5 ............................................................................................................................... 46 Cleaning the feed dogs ........... 45 Cleaning the machine surface ................................................................................................................................................................................................43 Gathering ................................................................................................................................................ 43 Elastic stitching .......................................................... APPENDIX .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 41 Appliqués ....................................... 43 Shell tuck stitching ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 48 TROUBLESHOOTING .........................50 INDEX ............................................................................................................................................... 45 Changing the bulb ............................................................................. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Repacking the machine ... 44 4. 48 Bobbin case tension adjustment ............................................................................. 40 APPLIQUÉ....... 46 Cleaning the shuttle race .................................................................................................................................. 41 Monogramming and embroidering .................................................................................................. 41 DECORATIVE STITCHING ....................................

6 . c Thread take-up lever (page 16) d Upper tension control dial (page 28) This controls the tension of the upper thread. b Pattern selection dial (page 26) Turn the pattern selection dial to select the number of the stitch that you want to use. e Flat bed attachment with accessory storage (page 8 and 31) f Reverse sewing lever (page 28) Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew in the opposite direction.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— 1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS The main parts a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw (page 38) Turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw to adjust buttonhole stitching when it is not uniform.

XC7438-321 (220/240V Area). XC7456-321 (U. m Thread cutter (page 28) Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them. n Presser foot lever (page 16) Use the presser foot lever to raise and lower the presser foot. XE0629-001 (Australia. which also supplies power to this machine. Part code. j Handwheel Use the handwheel to manually raise and lower the needle. p Foot controller (page 11) Use the foot controller to control the sewing speed and to start and stop sewing. i Bobbin winder (page 12) The bobbin winder winds thread onto the bobbin for use as the lower thread.K. k Main power/sewing light switch (page 10) Use this switch to turn on and off the main power and sewing light. New Zealand).).1 g Built-in handle h Spool pin (page 12 and 16) The spool pin holds the spool of thread. l Foot controller jack/jack Insert the foot controller plug into the foot controller jack. XC7438-321 (Russia) 7 . XC7359-021 (110/120V Area). XD0852-021 (Korea). o Bobbin winding pre-tension disc/thread guide (page 12 and 16) The thread guide/bobbin winding pre-tension disc is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin and threading the machine.

and be lost or damaged. they may fall out. Note ● Put the accessories in the bag. a Flat bed attachment b Storage compartment a Presser foot holder assembly The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder assembly.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Needle and presser foot section Flat bed attachment The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment. e Needle plate The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing straight seams. d Feed dogs The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction. c Presser foot (Zigzag) The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the fabric as the sewing takes place. If the accessories are not in a bag. f Shuttle hook g Shuttle cover Open the shuttle cover to set the bobbin. Attach the appropriate presser foot for the selected stitching. h Bobbin case i Needle j Needle bar thread guide k Needle clamp screw Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place. and then store the bag inside the compartment. a toward you. 8 . and then pull the flat bed Lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment attachment out to remove it. b Presser foot screw Use the presser foot screw to hold the presser foot holder assembly in place.

only) ● Foot controller: Model KD-1902.A.S. No. N This foot controller can be used on the following machine models: LS-2220/2720/1520/2125/2125i. 6. 1 2 3 4 Part Name Buttonhole foot “A” Zipper foot “I” Button sewing foot “M” Darning plate Part Code U. 3. 8. 4. 2.S. (Part number: 138135-122) 1. We have designed these accessories to help you be able to carry out most sewing tasks.S.A. 5 6 7 8 Part Name Bobbin (3) Needle set Screwdriver Extra spool pin Part Code U. (Part code: 132730-122) ● A replacement for the factory-installed presser foot is available through your authorized dealer.ACCESSORIES The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment. / Canada Others X59369-321 X59370-021 XE2137-001 XA3442-121 No. 1 Note (For U.A. 5. ● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer. 75/11 1 needle 90/14 1 needle 100/16 1 needle 7. / Canada Others XA5539-151 SA156 129583-021 X55467-021 130920-021 9 .

or bundled. into the jack on the machine. take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use. WARNING ● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. located supply plug on the cord. ● When unplugging the machine. twisted. pulled. damaged. forcefully bent. ● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances: • When you are away from the machine • After using the machine • When the power fails during use • When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection • During electrical storms CAUTION ● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. Electric shock may result. ● Do not allow the power cord to be cut. ● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. modified. Do not place heavy objects on the cord.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Power supply precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply. or damage to the machine. electric shock. or lead to fire or electric shock. a Foot controller plug 10 . Otherwise a fire may result. insert the power supply plug into a wall outlet. Insert the foot controller plug. If the cord or plug is damaged. Do not subject the cord to heat. Always grasp the plug to remove it from the outlet. Then. Power supply a between the foot controller and the power b Set the main power switch to “I”. always turn off the main power first. Using other power sources may result in fire. ● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. Fire or electric shock may result. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord. These things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. The sewing lamp comes on when the machine is turned on.

c switch to “ To turn off the machine. the machine’s speed will increase. be sure to turn off the sewing machine in order to prevent the machine from accidentally being started. reverse the plug. When you take your foot off the foot controller. Note ● If a power outage occurs while the sewing machine is being operated. 11 . If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet. Doing so could cause a fire or an electric shock. CAUTION ● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build up on the foot controller. contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. Steadying the machine If the sewing machine has been placed on an uneven surface. set the main power ”. To reduce the risk of electric shock. the machine will stop. After oiling. (For U. follow the necessary procedure to correctly operate the machine. turn the rubber cushion in the right-front corner of the base plate to adjust its height until the sewing machine is stable. The sewing lamp goes off when the machine is turned off. be sure to wipe off any excess oil. ● A new sewing machine or one that has not been in use for a long period of time should be oiled as described on page 45. 1 Slower Faster You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot controller when the machine is not in use. If it still does not fit. turn off the sewing machine and unplug the power supply cord. Do not modify the plug in any way.S. the machine will run at a low speed. this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way.A. When you press the foot controller down lightly. When restarting the sewing machine. Foot controller CAUTION ● When connecting the foot controller. When you press harder. only) ● This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other).

until the spring on the shaft slides into the groove of the bobbin. c the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin. a Pre-tension disk b Bobbin winder shaft c Bobbin CAUTION ● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156. SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing machine.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— THREADING THE MACHINE Winding the bobbin This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin. the thread may tangle on the spool pin. Pass the end of the thread through the hole on a Spring on the shaft b Groove of the bobbin e Turn on the sewing machine.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model a then put a spool of thread on this pin. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine. SFB: XA5539-151). Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. 1 Pulling it in as far as possible. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. the machine will not work properly. ● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. Turn the bobbin clockwise. Actual size 11. b Other models d and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right. 12 . CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is not in the right place. If you use bobbins from other models. by hand. and Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft Pass the thread around the pre-tension disk.

breaking the needle and resulting in injury. 13 . 1 CAUTION g Trim the excess thread above the bobbin. take your foot off the foot When the bobbin seems full and begins controller. i spinning slowly. If you do not cut the thread completely. and the bobbin is wound. gently j to the left and remove the bobbin. Cut the thread. Then stop the machine.f press the foot controller to wind the thread While holding the end of the thread. ● The needle bar does not move when you slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right. when the thread runs low it may tangle around the bobbin and cause the needle to break. Memo ● When the sewing machine is started or the handwheel is turned after winding the thread around the bobbin. slide the bobbin winder shaft around the bobbin a few times. the machine will make a clicking sound. ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. CAUTION ● Make sure you follow the instructions carefully. h 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 Press the foot controller to start. this is not a malfunction.

and then insert the bobbin Unwind about 10 cm (4 inches) of thread into the bobbin case. 14 . breaking the needle and resulting in injury. ● The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine starts to sew.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model Other models a Bobbin case latch d from a full bobbin. it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle. If bobbins from other models are used. If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— b attachment at the front of the machine. a Flat bed attachment b Shuttle cover 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 c toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. the machine will not operate correctly. Actual size 11. • Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine. SFB: XA5539-151). you could be injured. Open the shuttle cover behind the flat bed Lower threading Install the bobbin wound with thread. CAUTION ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) Raise the needle to its highest position by turning and raise the presser foot lever. CAUTION ● Make sure you turn the power off while threading the machine. Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. CAUTION ● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction.

until it enters Pull the trailing thread through the slot. • Make sure the bobbin case finger fits into the notch at the top of the shuttle race. 1 a Tension spring f the bobbin case into the shuttle race. fully insert release the latch.e and to the left. and then Hold the bobbin case by the latch. If it is incorrectly installed. a Bobbin case finger b Notch g Close the shuttle cover. as shown below. it will fall out from the shuttle when the machine starts to sew. CAUTION ● Make sure that the bobbin case is properly placed back into the machine. down the delivery eye under the tension spring. 15 .

the sewing machine can not be threaded. Raise the presser foot using the presser foot c then put a spool of thread on this pin. d guides: the rear one first.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Upper threading Set the upper thread and thread the needle. Raise the needle by turning the handwheel b toward you (counterclockwise) to raise the thread take-up lever to its highest position. then the front one. a Presser foot lever e tension control dial from the right to the left Feed the upper thread through both thread Pull the thread down and around the upper so the thread picks up the thread check spring. a Upper tension control dial b Thread check spring 16 . Otherwise. Be sure to turn the handwheel before threading the sewing machine. the thread could tangle and break the needle. • If the needle is not correctly raised. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. a lever. the thread may tangle on the spool pin and cause the needle to break. or is set incorrectly. and CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is in the wrong place. a b c d Spool pin Thread guide (rear) Thread guide (front) Thread take-up lever CAUTION ● Make sure you thread the machine properly.

Guide the thread through the thread take-up a Needle bar thread guide i out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread. Thread the needle from front to back and pull a Thread take-up lever a 5 cm (2 inches) Note ● If the thread take-up lever is lowered.f pull it between the tension discs. Put the thread behind the needle bar thread The thread can easily be passed behind the needle bar thread guide by holding the thread in your left hand. 1 g lever from right to left. then feeding the thread with your right hand. While holding the thread as shown below. ● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may cause sewing problems. 17 . Make sure you raise the presser foot lever and the thread take-up lever before you feed the upper thread. the upper thread cannot be wrapped around the thread take-up lever. h guide above the needle.

a Upper thread b raise the needle to its highest position by While holding the end of the upper thread.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Drawing up the lower thread a Lightly hold the end of the upper thread. Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower a Upper thread b Lower thread 18 . a Upper thread b Lower thread c thread. turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). d threads and pull them toward the back of the Pull out about 15 cm (6 inches) of both machine under the presser foot.

Sewing fabrics Very thin Fine tricot. 75/11 Synthetics. Percale. Duck 100/16 Medium weight Heavyweight Knits Single knit. Organza. possibly resulting in injury. Gabardine. 19 . 90/14 (Ball point) Jersey. Fine lace. Gingham. Failure to observe these precautions is extremely dangerous. Thin linen. 90/14 (Supplied with Lightweight wool. Use the same size thread for the upper (spool) and lower (bobbin) threads. Needle precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Bent needles can easily break. Linen. Satin. Batiste Cotton. Refer to the following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew. Tweed. and the larger the needle number. the thicker the thread. ● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with transparent nylon threads. Canvas. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the machine. ● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased. Muslin Denim. 1 CAUTION ● Only use home sewing machine needles. Chiffon 65/9 Needle sizes Thread sizes Cotton: 80 Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Fine Mercerized Cotton Cotton: 60-80 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50 Cotton: 50-60 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50-60 Cotton: 40-50 Mercerized Heavy Duty Polyester Long Fiber Cotton Wrapped Polyester Polyester Long Fiber Lightweight Voile. Suitings. Pique.REPLACING THE NEEDLE This section provides information on sewing machine needles. Silk.) Fine corduroy. Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Silk. Taffeta. regardless of the fabric being sewn. the thicker the needle. your machine. ● Never use bent needles. Poplin. Velvet. Double knit. Tricot Memo ● The smaller the thread number. ● Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur. Corduroy. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below.

otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. b turning the handwheel toward you 1 2 Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). Replacing the needle Replace the needle as described below. thread and needle combinations are shown in the table on the previous page. place the flat side of the needle on a flat surface and check that the distance between the needle and the flat surface is even. a Flat side b Needle type marking ■ Correct needle c Lower the presser foot lever. Use the screwdriver and a needle that has been determined to be straight according to the instructions in “Checking the needle” . If the combination of the fabric. Checking the needle Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous since the needle may break while the machine is being operated.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— CAUTION ● The appropriate fabric. the stitching may be uneven or puckered or there may be skipped stitches. a Presser foot lever 1 a Flat surface 20 . the needle may bend or break. thread and needle is not correct. the needle is bent. a Turn off the sewing machine. 1 a Flat surface ■ Incorrect needle If the distance between the needle and the flat surface is not even. CAUTION ● Before replacing the needle. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. In addition. particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11). Before using the needle. Do not use a bent needle.

d use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp Hold the needle with your left hand. e rear of the machine. otherwise the needle may break or damage may result. CAUTION ● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches the needle stopper and securely tighten the needle clamp screw with the screwdriver. follow the procedure below to attach it to the needle bar. slide the needle clamp screw is on the right side and the needle bar thread guide is at the bottom. a the needle clamp onto the needle bar so that As seen from the front of the machine. and then Align the bottom edge of the needle holder tighten the needle clamp screw. Therefore. and then screw counterclockwise to remove the needle. f use the screwdriver to tighten the needle While holding the needle with your left hand. a Needle stopper a b c d Needle bar Needle holder Needle clamp screw Align 21 .) 1 Install the twin needle in the same way. do not loosen the needle clamp screw too much. ■ Installing the needle clamp If the needle clamp is removed. clamp screw by turning it clockwise. a Needle clamp screw b Needle bar thread guide c Needle bar b with the end of the needle bar. a Screwdriver b Needle clamp screw • Do not apply strong force when loosening or tightening the needle clamp screw. otherwise certain parts of the sewing machine may be damaged. insert the needle until it With the flat side of the needle toward the touches the needle stopper. Note ● The needle can be removed by simply loosening the needle clamp screw about one turn. the needle clamp (which holds the needle) may fall off. (If the needle clamp screw is loosened too much.

■ Twin needle threading a Attach the twin needle in the same way as a Attach the twin needle. Use the thread from the first spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the needle bar thread guide is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). the machine. the needle may bend or break. be sure to select an appropriate stitch (straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2). otherwise the needle may break or the machine may be damaged.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Sewing with a twin needle (Option) We have designed your machine so you can sew with the optional twin needle and two top threads. the needle may bend or break. You can use the same color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches. c Needle bar thread guide a First spool b Second spool c the machine to the needle bar thread guide. CAUTION ● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: X57521-021). ● Do not sew with bent needles. b Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of Attach the extra spool pin. The needle could break and injure you. See page 16 for more details. The stitches available for twin-needle sewing are straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2. Use the thread from the second spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the thread take-up lever is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). Other needles could break. b Right needle thread passes in front of the needle bar thread guide. ● When using the twin needle. See page 16 for more details. ● When changing the sewing direction. and damage the machine. be sure to raise the needle before turning the fabric. ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. single needle (page 20). d Thread the left needle from front to back. thread guide. a Left needle thread passes through the needle bar thread guide. If the needle hits the presser foot. e the machine to the thread take-up lever. Put the second spool of thread onto the extra spool pin. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. 22 . f Do not pass the thread behind the needle bar Thread the right needle from front to back.

be sure to turn off the sewing machine. Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). 23 . the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break. d presser foot holder to release the presser foot. Position the presser foot so the letter indicating the presser foot type (A.REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT CAUTION ● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. c Raise the presser foot lever. etc.) is positioned to be read. b turning the handwheel toward you e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the Place a different presser foot below the holder shank in the holder. a turn it off. If you use the wrong presser foot. I. If you leave the power on and step on the controller. ● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. a Presser foot holder b Shank c Pin f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the presser foot holder. Press the black button at the back of the If the sewing machine has been turned on. 1 Replacing the presser foot Replace the presser foot as described below. a Black button b Presser foot holder CAUTION ● Before replacing the presser foot. ● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. a Presser foot lever a Presser foot lever The presser foot is attached. the machine will start and you may be injured. Using other any presser feet may cause an accident or injury. and may cause injury.

refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw 24 . Raise the presser foot lever to check that the ■ Attaching the presser foot holder a left side of the presser bar. Align the presser foot holder with the lower- Removing the presser foot holder Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that does not use the presser foot holder. and then tighten the screw Hold the presser foot holder in place with using the screwdriver in your left hand. Use the screwdriver to remove the presser foot holder. • For details. a Presser foot holder b Presser bar b your right hand.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— g presser foot is securely attached. Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw Note ● If the presser foot holder is not correctly installed. ■ Removing the presser foot holder a Remove the presser foot. the thread tension will be incorrect. such as the quilting foot. b holder screw.

possibly resulting in injuries. For details on replacing the presser foot. otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may break. Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn. keep your hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel. Position the fabric. 4 Start sewing. Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch. 2 Select the stitch. For details on selecting a stitch. For details on starting to sew. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). ● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins. otherwise injuries may occur. Bent needles can easily break. 1 Turn on the machine. otherwise the needle may break or bend.2 SEWING BASICS SEWING Basic sewing operations are described below. read the following precautions. Turn on the sewing machine. Before operating the sewing machine. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). refer to “Power supply” (page 10). cut the threads. General sewing procedure Follow the basic procedures below to sew. and then start sewing. For details on turning on the machine. ● Never use bent needles. pay special attention to the needle location. 3 Attach the presser foot. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). In addition. When sewing is finished. 25 . ● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing. 2 CAUTION ● While the machine is in operation.

43 7 Straight stitch (Left needle position) Stretch blind Stitch 33 8 33 9 Shell tuck stitch 43 10 Elastic stitch 44 26 . 40. aPattern selection dial Number on dial Stitch name 4-step automatic buttonhole b Pattern ac d Page 1 36 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 32. 41 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Zigzag (satin) stitch 6 Straight stitch (Center needle position) Select the desired length. 35. 33. select the desired stitch.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Selecting stitching Turning the stitch selection dial in either direction.

h Take your foot off the foot controller. a Presser foot lever d the thread under the presser foot. c Raise the presser foot lever. 27 . pass pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread toward the rear of the machine. The machine stops sewing. a Presser foot lever g Slowly press down on the foot controller. i turning the handwheel toward you a 5 cm (2 inches) j Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). Raise the presser foot lever. The machine starts sewing. and then Place the fabric under the presser foot. f Lower the presser foot lever.Starting to sew a e fabric with your left hand. toward you (counterclockwise) with your right hand to lower the needle to the starting point of the stitching. 2 b turning the handwheel toward you Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). turn the handwheel While holding the end of the thread and the Turn on the sewing machine.

Memo ● Before beginning to change tension adjustments make sure the upper thread and bobbin are inserted correctly.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— k and then pass the threads through the thread Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. the upper thread may be too tight. a while sewing. a Thread cutter Sewing in reverse Reverse sewing is used to lock the threads at the end of the seam or wherever reinforcement is needed. To sew forward. In this case. refer to “Lower threading” (page 14) and reinsert the bobbin. Note ● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly inserted. Thread tension The thread tension will affect the quality of your stitches. You may need to adjust it when you change fabric or thread. ● We recommend you do a test sample on a scrap of fabric before you start to sew. cutter on the back of the presser foot bar to cut them. ■ Correct tension Correct tension is important as too much or too little tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers on your fabric. 1 2 3 a b c d Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever 4 ■ Upper tension is too tight Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. b lever. 28 . release the reverse sewing 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number.

1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 4 2 2 3 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. Note ● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded. If the problem persists. increase the tension in the bobbin by turning the screw clockwise with a small screwdriver. no adjustment is needed. In addition. In this case. 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. be sure to return the screw to its original position before the next time that the machine is used. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops may appear on the surface of the fabric when sewing thin fabric with thin thread. 29 . Note ● The bobbin thread tension has been adjusted at the factory for general use.■ Upper tension is too loose Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. the upper thread may be too loose. For most sewing applications. Be sure not to turn the screw more than one full turn. refer to “Upper threading” (page 16) and rethread.

Raise the presser foot lever. Changing the sewing direction a sewing machine. For the trial sewing. raise the presser foot lever even higher to bring the presser foot to its highest position. and then slightly change the sewing direction to sew around the curve. and check the thread tension and stitch length and width. stop the Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). Lower the presser foot lever and continue CAUTION ● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inches) thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much force. and then turn the b fabric. Refer to these tips when sewing your project. the desired results may not be achieved. the needle may bend or break. select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain a finer stitch. Sewing thick fabrics ■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser foot. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. be sure to raise the needle before changing the sewing direction. perform the trial sewing under the same conditions that will be used with your project. CAUTION ● When using the twin needle. c sewing. When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag stitch. the needle may bend or break. 30 . Since the results differ depending on the type of stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn. depending on the type of fabric and stitching being sewn. Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— USEFUL SEWING TIPS Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. lower the needle by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). use a piece of fabric and thread that are the same as those used for your project. Sewing curves Stop sewing. Trial sewing A trial piece of fabric should be sewn since. If the needle was raised. When the stitching reaches a corner.

a Flat bed attachment 31 . When you have finished sewing. lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment toward you. place thin paper or stabilizer material under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric. To change your machine to the free-arm style. baste the pieces of fabric together. tear off any excess paper. 2 a Stabilizer material or paper Sewing stretch fabrics First. and then sew without stretching the fabric. If this occurs. a Basting Using a free-arm style Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular and hard-to-reach areas. the stitching may become misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly. and then pull the flat bed attachment out to remove it.Sewing thin fabrics When sewing thin fabrics.

Stitch name Application c Start sawing. • For details. Lower the needle into the fabric at the b beginning of the stitching. Select the desired width. • For details. d When sewing is finished. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). If the needle hits the presser foot. 32 . refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). cut the thread. the needle may bend or break. use straight stitches at the beginning and end of the zigzag stitch for reinforcement. CAUTION ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. Memo ● When sewing with a zigzag stitch. They are also useful for sewing stretch materials. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). Zigzag (satin) stitch a Select a stitch. • For details.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— 3 UTILITY STITCHES USEFUL STITCHES Zigzag stitches You can use the zigzag stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation.

Two stitches are available for basic stitching. a Right side of fabric b Bottom side b hem. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. • For details. <Seen from the side> a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric 33 . e When sewing is finished. Straight stitch (Left needle position) Basic stitching.Basic stitching Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams. sewing gathers or pintucks. without the stitch showing. and press. like the hem of a pair of trousers. cut the thread. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). • For details. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). 3 Select a stitch. a b Baste or pin together the fabric pieces. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). etc. and position) sewing gathers or darning. c beginning of the stitching. • For details. d Lower the needle into the fabric at the Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the Start sewing. etc. Number on dial 8 Stitch name Stretch blind Stitch Application Blind hem stitching on stretch fabrics. basic (Center needle stitching. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Blind hem stitching You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project. 7 a Reverse the skirt or pants.

g free-arm sewing possible. e fabric with the wrong side facing up. and position the <Seen from the side> <Seen from the side> a b c d e d Wrong side of fabric Right side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting stitching 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Wrong side of fabric b Basting c Edge of fabric f Select the stretch blind stitch (8). make sure that the fabric feeds correctly. Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the and then start sewing. <Seen from the side> a b c d Wrong side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Arm 34 . Unfold the edge of fabric.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— c (3/16 inches) from the edge of the fabric. and Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm then baste it. Remove the flat bed attachment and make • For details on free-arm sewing. h arm. Fold back the fabric inside along the basting. refer to“Using a free-arm style” (page 31).

i catches the fold of the hem. b Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). etc. alternately drawing the Start sewing while gently moving the fabric fabric away and pulling it toward you. For invisible stitching. Place the fabric to be darned under the for reinforcement. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Attaching Straight stitch zippers. c presser foot together with a fabric underlay a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric d with your hands. and then lower Position the fabric so that the needle slightly the presser foot lever. and position) sewing gathers or darning. Stop sewing when the portion to be darned is 35 . Remove the basting stitching and turn the k fabric right side up. e filled with parallel stitching. Darning Reinforce points that will be subject to strain. basic (Center needle stitching. make sure that both threads are the same color as the fabric. 3 Sew along the fold of the hem. a shown below. and then remove both the aNeedle bNeedle drop point cFold of hem dWrong side of fabric j Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly.

check the stitch length and width by sewing a trial buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric. as shown below. Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back. a the buttonhole on the fabric. a b c d Presser foot scale Pin Marks on buttonhole foot 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Mark on fabric b Red marks on the sliding insert e Start sewing. Pass the upper thread down through the hole in the presser foot. d that the middle of the front chalk line is Position the fabric under the presser foot so directly in the center of the presser foot and aligned with the two red lines on the insert. Stitch name Application Memo ● Before sewing buttonholes. Number on dial 1 4-step automatic buttonhole Buttonholes on medium weight fabrics. ● When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics. Select stitch “a” of the 4-step automatic Making the buttonhole The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”. Step Step a (Front end of button hole) Step b (Left side) Sewn portion Use chalk to mark the position and length of 1 Step c (Back end of button hole) a Marks on fabric Step d (Right side) b outside frame back until the sliding insert Attach buttonhole foot “A” and push the reaches the front of the outside frame. are indicated below.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— BUTTONHOLE SEWING Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on. 36 . a Reinforcement stitching c buttonhole (1). Sew 5 to 6 stitches. which is used for sewing buttonholes. place stabilizer material under the fablic.

and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. Select stitch “b” of the 4-step automatic 2 Start sewing. o fabric. turn the fabric 90 degrees counterclockwise. and then sew the length of the h chalk line. select the straight stitch (6 through 10) with the desired length. and then sew to the edge of the front bar tack. and cut the thread. otherwise injuries may result if the seam ripper slips. do not place your hands in the cutting path. m buttonhole (1). Select stitch “d” of the 4-step automatic n buttonhole until the needle reaches the Start sewing. l side of the stitching. k CAUTION ● When opening the buttonhole with the seam ripper. and then raise the needle by Stop sewing when the needle is at the left side turning the handwheel toward you. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. remove the 37 . Raise the presser foot lever.f of the stitching. Do not use the seam ripper in any other way than how it is intended. 1 a Seam ripper b Pin Select stitch “c” (same as “a”) of the 4-step j automatic buttonhole (1). g buttonhole (1). 3 Start sewing. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. p stitching to prevent the stitching from being Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole cut. For reinforcement. Sew the right side of the stitching sewn in step e. i side of the stitching. and then use a seam ripper to cut towards the pin and open the buttonhole.

Place the darning plate on the needle plate as ■ If the right side is too tight compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the + direction. Number of dial 2 3 4 Attach the button sewing foot “M”.8 mm (3/16 inches) b ■ If the right side is too loose compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the direction. and then sew them in the same way.6 mm (1/16 inches) 3. Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached. 3 or 4) according to the following table. a button to be attached. c shown below. a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw Distance between holes 1. the stitching can adjusted with the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw. first sew the two holes closest to you. Then.2 mm (1/8 inches) 4. 38 . Place a button between the presser foot and • When attaching four-hole buttons. d the fabric. Button sewing Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Adjusting buitching stitching If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not uniform. and then select the Measure the distance between the holes in the appropriate zigzag stitch (2. slide the button so that the needle goes into the two holes toward the rear of the sewing machine.

h stitching to the wrong side of the fabric. return to step a.e (counterclockwise) to check that the needle Turn the handwheel toward you correctly goes into the two holes of the button. f 3 Start sewing. Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching. • After sewing for about 10 seconds at a low speed. leaving a length of 15 cm (6 inches). If the needle hits the button. CAUTION ● When sewing. g and then cut the upper and lower threads. Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. and Pull the upper thread at the end of the then tie it with the bobbin thread. press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew a few reinforcement stitches. be sure that the needle does not touch the button. 39 . otherwise the needle may bend or break.

CAUTION ● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the needle does not hit the presser foot before you start sewing. attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application d top on both sides. CAUTION ● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper during sewing. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. You may also be injured. basic (Center needle stitching.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— ZIPPER INSERTION You can use the zipper foot “I” to sew different types of zippers. fit the zipper foot on the other side of the zipper and continue sewing using the other side notch. If you choose a different stitch. attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot. Fold the edge of the fabric 2 cm (3/4 inches) c and place the zipper under the folded section. release back of the presser foot. If the needle hits the zipper. When sewing the right side of the zipper. The needle should be Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the positioned on the zipper side of the foot for best results. and position) sewing gathers or darning. Lower the needle into the notch located either on the left or right side of the zipper foot. the needle will hit the presser foot and break the needle. and can easily position it to the right or left side of the needle. e the foot by pressing the button located at the To sew the opposite side of the zipper. When sewing the left side of the zipper. a Zipper foot “I” b Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper c Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). 40 . the needle may break and you may be injured. etc. b left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the shank.

and then remove both the Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. Select the desired width. e Remove the basting. Zigzag (satin) stitch Appliqués You can create an appliqué by cutting a different piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a decoration. Cut away any fabric that is left outside the Select a stitch. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING Zigzag stitches can be used for sewing appliqués. Stitch name Application c Carefully sew around the edge of the design. Baste the cut design to the fabric. as the needle can break. You may also be injured. d stitching. Monogramming and embroidering a shown below. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. 41 . 3 Memo ● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. monogramming and embroidering.APPLIQUÉ. a b CAUTION ● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin during sewing. if necessary. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches.

and support the outside of the hoop with your little fingers. c design (for embroidering) on the surface of Draw the lettering (for monogramming) or the fabric. the stitches are longer. Place the project under the needle and lower f at the starting position by turning the Draw up the lower thread through the project handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). 42 . Select the desired length for straight stitch (6) Memo ● When the hoop is moved quickly. ■ Monogramming Sew the lettering at a constant speed by moving the hoop slowly.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— b Select a stitch. Then. g forefingers of both hands while pressing the Grip the hoop with the thumbs and Memo ● Be sure to keep the stitches close together. CAUTION ● Be sure to keep your fingers away from moving parts. ■ Embroidering Sew along the outline of the design by moving the hoop slowly. d the surface of the fabric facing up inside the Put the fabric in the embroidery hoop with well. e the presser bar. the stitches are shorter. fabric with the middle and third fingers. i and sew a few stitches for reinforcing. h Start sewing. When the hoop is moved slowly. and then sew a few stitches to reinforce the stitching. especially needles. sew to completely fill in the design with stitches by alternately sewing from the outline of the design to the inside and from the inside to the outline.

Sew while making sure that the needle drops d down to one side. Straight stitch basic stitching. d Smooth the gathers by ironing them. Unfold the fabric. the front of blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics. Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers. refer to “Thread tension” (page 28). and then iron the tucks 43 . b the thread tension. c stitches. Sew a single or multiple parallel rows of • Do not sew reverse stitches or cut the thread. Stitch name Application a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). etc. a Attaching zippers. Loosen the tension of the upper thread (to 3 b about 2). Fold the fabric along the bias. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Select the shell tuck stitch (9). c slightly off the edge of the fabric.DECORATIVE STITCHING Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine. and increase • For details. (Center needle and sewing position) gathers or darning. Gathering Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Shell tuck stitching Number on dial 9 Shell tuck stitch Shell tuck stitching The gathers that look like shells are called “shell tucks”. • For details. They are used to decorate trims.

■ Joining fabric Put the edges of the two pieces of fabric together. ■ Sewing elastic tape Place the elastic tape on the fabric. sewing Elastic stitching elastic tape or joining fabric. and then place them under the presser foot with the fabric edges under the center of the presser foot. Then.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Elastic stitching Number on dial 10 Stitch name Application Mending. and then sew over the elastic tape while holding the tape both in front and behind the presser foot. Select the elastic stitch (10). ■ Mending Place the reinforcement fabric under the tear to be mended. 44 . start sewing the edges of the two fabrics together. Each is explained below. Memo ● Make reinforcing reverse stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. The elastic stitch can be used in 3 ways: mending. and then sew over the tear. sewing elastic or joining fabric.

Oiling a Changing the bulb CAUTION Turn off the machine and unplug it. ● Do not apply too much oil as it may soil the thread and fabric. ● Unplug the power supply cord before changing the bulb. a b Turn off the machine and unplug it. ● Sewing machine oil is available at your local sewing machine dealer or service center. If you use it more often. 4 Loosen the face plate screw. b indicated below.4 APPENDIX MAINTENANCE Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below. 45 . c at a fast speed without thread. oil every day. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. Put 2 to 3 drops of oil at each of the points Be sure to wipe any excess oil off the machine. After oiling. Note ● Hold the face plate securely while removing or attaching it. run the machine for a short time Memo ● Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. c Remove the face plate from the machine.

a bulb b Loosen c Tighten e again. wipe it again with a dry cloth.APPENDIX d ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Replace the sewing light bulb. lightly soak a cloth in neutral detergent. Remove the flat bed attachment and open the Attach the face plate and fasten the screw d toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. Cleaning the shuttle race CAUTION ● Be sure to unplug the machine before cleaning it. and c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. a Retaining ring b Latch lever 46 . squeeze it out firmly. Slide the latch levers out from the retaining CAUTION ● Unplug the power supply cord before cleaning the machine. After cleaning it once with a wet cloth. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. a Bobbin case latch e ring to remove it. Raise the needle and the presser foot. Cleaning the machine surface If the surface of the machine is dirty. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. and then wipe the surface of the machine.

hook. Use a brush to remove any accumulated lint driver and race body. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. you may get an electric shock or be injured. f screwdriver. a Retaining ring b Hook c Hook center post g and thread from the retaining ring.f and pulling it out. the presser foot and Cleaning the feed dogs CAUTION ● Make sure you unplug the machine before you clean it. c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. Attach the needle plate by using a coin or a Retaining ring b Hook c Latch lever 47 . Use a brush to clean the lint from the upper Reassemble the hook and the retaining ring. e part of the feed dogs and shuttle race body. and Remove the flat bed attachment and open the 4 Remove the needle plate by using a coin or d screwdriver to remove the screws. Otherwise. Remove the hook by grasping its center post k the needle before using the machine. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. Raise the needle and the presser foot. Attach the bobbin case. j and push the latch levers back into position. Clean the lint from the shuttle hook in the i same manner as described in step h. a Retaining ring b Driver c Race body h wipe the shuttle race in order to remove any Use a cloth dampened with machine oil to lint.

adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. When packing up the machine again. damage may occur during shipping. being careful not to over-tighten the screw. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. Note ● Remember to return the screw to its original setting before starting your next project. 48 .APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Repacking the machine Keep the carton and packing materials for future use. When sewing with thin thread on thin fabrics. a Screw Bobbin case tension adjustment The bobbin thread tension has already been adjusted at the factory for general use. IMPORTANT ● This packing material is designed to prevent damage in transit. approximately 30-45 degrees to increase bobbin tension. turn the screw clockwise. Note ● If the loops still appear on the surface of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. After you adjust the bobbin thread. the thread tension must be adjusted according to the procedure described below. If it is not packed properly. In this case. For most sewing applications. the thread tension may not be adjusted adequately with the upper tension control dial. pack it properly as described below. ● Save this packing material in case it is needed to transport this sewing machine. Therefore. the bobbin thread may be too loose. no adjustment is needed. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops appear on the surface of the fabric.

Note ● If the loops still appear on the wrong side of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 2 3 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. the bobbin thread may be too tight.■ Bobbin tension is too tight Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. After you adjust the bobbin thread. turn the screw counterclockwise being careful not to over-loosen the screw. In this case. 4 a Screw 49 . approximately 30-45 degrees to decrease bobbin tension.

Remove any knots or tangles. Move the bobbin winder shaft to the left. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. in the shuttle race. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. 36. Reference page 10 page 10 page 13 page 11 page 20 page 21 page 20 page 19 page 35. Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten the screw. page 16 The upper thread breaks.Replace the needle plate. The presser foot you are using is not appropriate for the type of stitch that you want to sew. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. The needle clamp screw is loose. The needle is bent or blunt. check the following possible problems before requesting service.brother. Replace the bobbin case. Visit us at [http://solutions. 41 page 28 – – The main power switch is turned off. How to put it right Plug the machine in. thread and needle. you have not fitted the spool properly. (for example. Lightly guide the fabric. Remove the tangle thread. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. 40. The sewing machine does not work. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. There are knots or tangles in the thread. The area around the hole in the nee. If the problem persists. The needle is not appropriate for the thread you are using. You have not used the right combination of fabric. You can solve most problems by yourself. – – page 12 Correct the upper threading. You have not inserted the needle properly. or the thread has come out of the guide above the needle.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— TROUBLESHOOTING If the machine stops operating correctly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. authorized service center. Insert the needle properly. Replace the needle. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. Loosen the upper thread tension. If you need additional help.) Replace the presser foot. The thread is tangled. clean the shuttle race. Loosen the upper thread tension. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. 38. – page 19 page 28 page 46 The upper thread tension is too tight. The bobbin case is scratched. Turn on the main power switch. The needle breaks. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. You have not used the foot controller properly. for example. The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to the right. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race.com]. Choose a needle that is appropriate for the type of stitch. You are pulling the fabric too much. Symptom Possible cause The machine is not plugged in. Use the foot controller properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. 50 . The upper thread tension is too tight. the Brother Solutions Center offers the latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center.

Attach the presser-foot holder properly. The lower thread is tangled or breaks. – – page 12 page 12 – page 46 page 12 page 14 page 16 4 Correct the upper threading. The thread is tangled. Replace the bobbin. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. Replace the presser foot. thread and needle. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Correct the upper threading. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The thread ten. You have not used the right combination of fabric. You have not inserted the needle properly. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Bobbin is set incorrectly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. The upper thread breaks. Correctly install the bobbin thread.Replace the needle plate. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The bobbin case is scratched. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Reference page 20 page 20 – The area around the hole in the nee. The bobbin thread is incorrectly installed. Wind the bobbin thread properly. or has a burr on it. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. The thread is tangled on the wrong side of the fabric. Remove the tangled thread and clean the shuttle race. How to put it right Replace the needle. The bobbin is scratched or does not turn smoothly. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. page 16 page 12 page 19 page 24 page 28 page 12 page 14 page 14 51 .You have not attached the pressersion is incorrect. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. The upper thread is too tight. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. foot holder properly. Bobbin is set incorrectly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Replace the bobbin case. The upper thread was not threaded correctly. Insert the needle properly. Wind the bobbin thread properly.Symptom Possible cause The needle is bent or blunt. authorised service center. The thread tension is incorrect. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center.

The thread is tangled. thread and needle. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Reference page 14. thread and needle. 40. 16 – page 19 page 20 page 31 page 28 page 16 page 19 page 20 page 46. Replace the bobbin case. You have not inserted the needle properly. Change the sewing light bulb. If you use it more often. Remove the needle plate cover and clean the plate and the shuttle race. 38. Remove the tangle thread. How to put it right Thread the upper thread and wind the bobbin thread properly. page 45 The presser foot that you are using is not correct for the type of stitch. Insert the needle properly. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. thread and needle. The sewing light bulb does not come on. for example. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Replace the needle. The stitch is not sewn correctly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. for example. in the shuttle race. The needle is bent or blunt. The thread tension is incorrect. Dust has built up in the feed dogs or in the shuttle race. the stitch is too thick. clean the shuttle race. page 45 52 . Adjust the tension of the upper thread. The thread is tangled. The bobbin case is scratched. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. in the shuttle race. You have not used the right combination of fabric. 41 page 28 page 46 page 19 page 46 The fabric does not feed. You have not used bobbin that has been designed for this machine. If you are sewing thin fabric. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. oil every day. 36. Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. 47 page 46 page 16 – The fabric is wrinkled. You have not fitted the spool properly. Sew with stabiliser material under the fabric.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Symptom Possible cause You have not threaded the upper thread properly or fitted the bobbin properly. Replace the needle. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Fit the spool properly. Clean the shuttle race. Remove the tangle thread. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. page 12 Insufficient oiling. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. page 33. The needle is bent or blunt. The thread tension is incorrect. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Dust has accumulated under the needle plate or in the shuttle race. Stitches are skipped. There is a highpitched noise while sewing. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. Correct the upper threading. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Correct the upper threading. clean the shuttle race. The sewing lamp is damaged.

..... 16 straight stitch .............................................................................36 buttonhole sewing .............................................................. 43 Z H handwheel .............. 14 bobbin winder ..... 29..................... 16 thread tension ......................................................................................................... 22 upper tension-control dial ................... 41 extra spool pin .....................................8................................. 31 foot controller ..................... 21...................................................................................................................9 appliqués ....................................................................... 31 B basic stitching .........................................................................................12 zigzag stitches ...................................12............ 26 presser foot ................................................................................INDEX A accessories .............................................................................. 16 pre-tension disk ........................................ 47 flat bed attachment ........................33 stretch blind stitch ...............................................................................................30.................................................................................................................................................8...............................40 zipper insertion ............................................. 8...............................................................................8............................ needles and threads ................................................................................................................33 blind hem stitching ........................................................................................ 22 feed dogs ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 44 M main parts .................... 12 button sewing .......36 T thick fabrics ............................................................. 8.32 seam ripper ........................... 37 sewing machine needles ........................33 stretch fabrics ................................................................................................................................................................16 C cleaning ..............................................................................35 E embroidering .............. 50 twin needle .. 7.......................................................................43 shuttle hook removal ........... 32.....31 thread cutter ........10 monogramming ................................ 14 bobbin case ..................................................................................... 31 F U W winding the bobbin ..32 pattern selection dial .......... 24 presser foot lever ......... 28 53 ........................... 40 G gathering .........................................28......................................................................................................47 shuttle race cleaning ................................8 needle clamp screw ........................................... 28 thread guide .................................................................................................................................. 19 repacking .............................. 23 presser foot holder .............................................. 7 J joining ........................................................30 thin fabrics ............................ 28 trial sewing .... 19 needle bar thread guide ................................................................................................................................................19 shell tuck stitching .............................................................................33 bobbin .. 48 upper threading ............... 41 N needle ................... 47 O oiling .........38 buttonhole foot ..................... 21 needle plate ...............................................47 spool pin .....................................................................................................................27 free-arm style ........................6............45 overcasting stitches .............................. 46 D darning ............... 12 P R relative chart of sewing fabrics........ 41 zipper foot ...................................... 41 S satin stitching ...................................6 main power switch ................................................................................ 48 reverse sewing lever ................................................................................. 30 troubleshooting .............................8............

English XE4592-001 Printed in China .

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