KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE

SEWING BASICS

UTILITY STITCHES

APPENDIX

Basic Sewing and Mending Machine

Operation Manual
Please visit us at http://solutions.brother.com where you can get product support and answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs).

“IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS”
When using the sewing machine, basic safety precautions should always be followed, including the following: “Read all instructions before using.”

DANGER – To reduce the risk of electric shock:
1. The sewing machine should never be left unattended when plugged in. Always unplug this sewing machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning. 2. Always unplug before changing the light bulb. Replace bulb with same type rated 15 watts.

WARNING – To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons: 1. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the sewing machine is used by or near children. 2. Use this sewing machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual. 3. Never operate this sewing machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the sewing machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment. 4. Never operate the sewing machine with any of the air openings blocked. Keep the ventilation openings of the sewing machine and foot controller free from the accumulation of lint, dust and loose cloth. 5. Never drop or insert any object into any openings. 6. Do not use this machine outdoors. 7. Do not operate this machine where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered. 8. To disconnect, turn the main switch to the symbol “O” position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet. 9. Do not unplug by pulling on the cord. To unplug, grasp the plug and pull, not the cord. 10. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the sewing machine needle. 11. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break. 12. Do not use a bent needle. 13. Do not pull or push the fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle causing it to break. 14. Switch the sewing machine to the off, symbol “O” position when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as threading the needle, changing the needle, threading the bobbin, or changing the presser foot. 15. Always unplug the sewing machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user service adjustments mentioned in this instruction manual. 16. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or impaired persons without supervision. 17. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this sewing machine. “SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS” “This sewing machine is intended for household use.”

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FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY
If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following.

IMPORTANT
If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut off and an appropriate three-pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in the plug. NOTE The plug served from the main lead must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 1362, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug. Always replace the fuse cover, never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted. WARNING DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE LETTER ‘E’, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW. The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue Brown Neutral Live

As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows. The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘N’ or coloured black or blue. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter ‘L’ or coloured red or brown.

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CONGRATULATIONS ON CHOOSING OUR MACHINE
To fully enjoy all the features, we suggest that you study the manual before using the machine.

PLEASE READ BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE
For safe operation 1. Be sure to keep your eye on the needle while sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread takeup lever, needle, or other moving parts. 2. Remember to turn off the power switch and unplug the cord when: • Operation is completed • Replacing or removing the needle or any other parts • A power failure occurs during use • Maintaining the machine • Leaving the machine unattended 3. Do not store anything on the foot controller. 4. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords. For a longer service life 1. When storing this machine, avoid direct sunlight and high humidity locations. Do not use or store the machine near a space heater, iron, halogen lamp, or other hot objects. 2. Use only neutral soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders can damage the case and machine, and should never be used. 3. Do not drop or hit the machine. 4. Always consult the operation manual when replacing or installing any assemblies, the presser feet, needle, or other parts to assure correct installation. For repair or adjustment In the event a malfunction occurs or adjustment is required, first follow the troubleshooting table in the back of the operation manual to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem persists, please consult your local authorized Brother dealer. For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at www.brother.com The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice.

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.....................................................................................................12 Winding the bobbin ................................................................................... UTILITY STITCHES ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 18 REPLACING THE NEEDLE ........................................... 24 2. 31 Using a free-arm style .........................................................................9 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ............................. 30 Sewing thick fabrics ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6 The main parts .................. 30 Trial sewing .................................................................................................................................................................................. 30 Sewing curves ............................................................................. KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ................................................................................... 20 Sewing with a twin needle (Option) ....................................................................................................................................... 38 4 ...............................................................................................19 Needle precautions ............................ 32 Zigzag stitches ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................36 Making the buttonhole ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 11 Steadying the machine .................................................................... 10 Foot controller ...................................... 30 Changing the sewing direction .................. 33 Blind hem stitching .........................................................................................................................................10 Power supply precautions .............................................................. 28 Thread tension ..................................... 16 Drawing up the lower thread ............................................................................................ 35 BUTTONHOLE SEWING .................................................................................... 25 Selecting stitching ....... 19 Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types .......................................................... 26 Starting to sew ............................................................................................................ 22 REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT ................................................................................................................25 General sewing procedure ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 19 Checking the needle ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 23 Removing the presser foot holder ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 Basic stitching ....................................................................23 Replacing the presser foot ............................................................................................................................................. 20 Replacing the needle ........ 38 Button sewing ................................................................................................................................................................32 USEFUL STITCHES ........................................................................................................................... 27 Sewing in reverse ................................. 31 Sewing stretch fabrics ................................25 SEWING ................................................................ 36 Adjusting buitching stitching .......................................................................... 8 Flat bed attachment ................... 6 Needle and presser foot section .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 14 Upper threading ................................................................................................................................................................................ 10 Power supply .............. 30 Sewing thin fabrics .......................................................................................... 12 Lower threading .................................................... SEWING BASICS ....................... 28 USEFUL SEWING TIPS .................................. 11 THREADING THE MACHINE ........ 31 3......................................... 8 ACCESSORIES ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 33 Darning .........................................................................................................................................................................—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— CONTENTS 1......................................

................................ 40 APPLIQUÉ..........................................................................................................................................................45 Oiling .................................................. 46 Cleaning the feed dogs .............. 47 Repacking the machine .......................... 53 5 .................................................................................................... 48 TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING ......................................................................................................45 MAINTENANCE ......................43 Gathering .................................................................................. 41 Monogramming and embroidering ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 45 Cleaning the machine surface ........ 45 Changing the bulb .................................................................................................. 48 Bobbin case tension adjustment ................................................................................ 43 Elastic stitching .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 44 4..................................................... 43 Shell tuck stitching ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 46 Cleaning the shuttle race ...................................................................................................................................................ZIPPER INSERTION ............... APPENDIX ...........................................50 INDEX .............. 41 Appliqués ....................... 41 DECORATIVE STITCHING .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................

KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— 1 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE NAMES OF MACHINE PARTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS The main parts a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw (page 38) Turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw to adjust buttonhole stitching when it is not uniform. 6 . b Pattern selection dial (page 26) Turn the pattern selection dial to select the number of the stitch that you want to use. e Flat bed attachment with accessory storage (page 8 and 31) f Reverse sewing lever (page 28) Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew in the opposite direction. c Thread take-up lever (page 16) d Upper tension control dial (page 28) This controls the tension of the upper thread.

o Bobbin winding pre-tension disc/thread guide (page 12 and 16) The thread guide/bobbin winding pre-tension disc is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin and threading the machine.1 g Built-in handle h Spool pin (page 12 and 16) The spool pin holds the spool of thread. XC7456-321 (U. Part code. l Foot controller jack/jack Insert the foot controller plug into the foot controller jack. XE0629-001 (Australia. which also supplies power to this machine. i Bobbin winder (page 12) The bobbin winder winds thread onto the bobbin for use as the lower thread. j Handwheel Use the handwheel to manually raise and lower the needle. p Foot controller (page 11) Use the foot controller to control the sewing speed and to start and stop sewing. n Presser foot lever (page 16) Use the presser foot lever to raise and lower the presser foot. XD0852-021 (Korea). XC7438-321 (220/240V Area). New Zealand).).K. k Main power/sewing light switch (page 10) Use this switch to turn on and off the main power and sewing light. XC7438-321 (Russia) 7 . XC7359-021 (110/120V Area). m Thread cutter (page 28) Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them.

a Flat bed attachment b Storage compartment a Presser foot holder assembly The presser foot is installed onto the presser foot holder assembly. and then pull the flat bed Lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment attachment out to remove it. Note ● Put the accessories in the bag.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Needle and presser foot section Flat bed attachment The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment. d Feed dogs The feed dogs feed the fabric in the sewing direction. f Shuttle hook g Shuttle cover Open the shuttle cover to set the bobbin. 8 . b Presser foot screw Use the presser foot screw to hold the presser foot holder assembly in place. h Bobbin case i Needle j Needle bar thread guide k Needle clamp screw Use the needle clamp screw to hold the needle in place. e Needle plate The needle plate is marked with guides for sewing straight seams. If the accessories are not in a bag. c Presser foot (Zigzag) The presser foot applies pressure consistently on the fabric as the sewing takes place. a toward you. they may fall out. Attach the appropriate presser foot for the selected stitching. and be lost or damaged. and then store the bag inside the compartment.

No. 2. 4.ACCESSORIES The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment. / Canada Others XA5539-151 SA156 129583-021 X55467-021 130920-021 9 .A. 5. 75/11 1 needle 90/14 1 needle 100/16 1 needle 7. 3.S. 8. ● The screw of the presser foot holder is available through your authorized dealer. 1 Note (For U. 6. / Canada Others X59369-321 X59370-021 XE2137-001 XA3442-121 No.A. only) ● Foot controller: Model KD-1902.S. We have designed these accessories to help you be able to carry out most sewing tasks. 5 6 7 8 Part Name Bobbin (3) Needle set Screwdriver Extra spool pin Part Code U. N This foot controller can be used on the following machine models: LS-2220/2720/1520/2125/2125i. (Part code: 132730-122) ● A replacement for the factory-installed presser foot is available through your authorized dealer.S. 1 2 3 4 Part Name Buttonhole foot “A” Zipper foot “I” Button sewing foot “M” Darning plate Part Code U. (Part number: 138135-122) 1.A.

● Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord. Power supply a between the foot controller and the power b Set the main power switch to “I”. electric shock. take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use. Do not subject the cord to heat. Always grasp the plug to remove it from the outlet. located supply plug on the cord. damaged. pulled. insert the power supply plug into a wall outlet. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. into the jack on the machine. always turn off the main power first. ● Do not touch the plug with wet hands. If the cord or plug is damaged. Then. forcefully bent. The sewing lamp comes on when the machine is turned on. twisted.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Power supply precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the power supply. ● Do not allow the power cord to be cut. These things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. Using other power sources may result in fire. Otherwise a fire may result. or lead to fire or electric shock. a Foot controller plug 10 . WARNING ● Use only regular household electricity for the power source. or bundled. ● When unplugging the machine. modified. Electric shock may result. Fire or electric shock may result. Insert the foot controller plug. or damage to the machine. ● Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances: • When you are away from the machine • After using the machine • When the power fails during use • When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection • During electrical storms CAUTION ● Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them.

turn the rubber cushion in the right-front corner of the base plate to adjust its height until the sewing machine is stable. be sure to turn off the sewing machine in order to prevent the machine from accidentally being started. ● A new sewing machine or one that has not been in use for a long period of time should be oiled as described on page 45. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet. If it still does not fit. follow the necessary procedure to correctly operate the machine. When you press the foot controller down lightly. Doing so could cause a fire or an electric shock. CAUTION ● Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build up on the foot controller. 11 . (For U. After oiling. contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. To reduce the risk of electric shock. When you press harder.c switch to “ To turn off the machine. reverse the plug. Do not modify the plug in any way. When you take your foot off the foot controller. the machine will run at a low speed. the machine’s speed will increase. the machine will stop. The sewing lamp goes off when the machine is turned off. Note ● If a power outage occurs while the sewing machine is being operated.A. When restarting the sewing machine.S. Foot controller CAUTION ● When connecting the foot controller. set the main power ”. 1 Slower Faster You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot controller when the machine is not in use. only) ● This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other). this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. be sure to wipe off any excess oil. turn off the sewing machine and unplug the power supply cord. Steadying the machine If the sewing machine has been placed on an uneven surface.

Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. by hand. 12 . the thread may tangle on the spool pin. 1 Pulling it in as far as possible. Pass the end of the thread through the hole on a Spring on the shaft b Groove of the bobbin e Turn on the sewing machine.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model a then put a spool of thread on this pin. a Pre-tension disk b Bobbin winder shaft c Bobbin CAUTION ● Only use bobbins (part code: SA156.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— THREADING THE MACHINE Winding the bobbin This section describes how to wind the thread onto the bobbin. ● We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. and Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft Pass the thread around the pre-tension disk. b Other models d and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine. Actual size 11. SFB: XA5539-151) that have been designed for this sewing machine. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is not in the right place. until the spring on the shaft slides into the groove of the bobbin. the machine will not work properly. Turn the bobbin clockwise. c the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin. SFB: XA5539-151). If you use bobbins from other models.

this is not a malfunction. Then stop the machine. CAUTION ● Make sure you follow the instructions carefully. the machine will make a clicking sound. when the thread runs low it may tangle around the bobbin and cause the needle to break. Cut the thread. and the bobbin is wound.f press the foot controller to wind the thread While holding the end of the thread. i spinning slowly. h 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 Press the foot controller to start. take your foot off the foot When the bobbin seems full and begins controller. ● The needle bar does not move when you slide the bobbin winding shaft to the right. gently j to the left and remove the bobbin. If you do not cut the thread completely. slide the bobbin winder shaft around the bobbin a few times. Memo ● When the sewing machine is started or the handwheel is turned after winding the thread around the bobbin. 13 . 1 CAUTION g Trim the excess thread above the bobbin. ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. breaking the needle and resulting in injury.

SFB: XA5539-151). • Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine. CAUTION ● Make sure you turn the power off while threading the machine. ● The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle. you could be injured.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— b attachment at the front of the machine. a Flat bed attachment b Shuttle cover 1 a Wound evenly b Wound poorly 2 c toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. Open the shuttle cover behind the flat bed Lower threading Install the bobbin wound with thread.5 mm (7/16 inches) This model Other models a Bobbin case latch d from a full bobbin. Actual size 11. Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA156. If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction. If bobbins from other models are used. and then insert the bobbin Unwind about 10 cm (4 inches) of thread into the bobbin case. CAUTION ● Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen. 14 . a the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) Raise the needle to its highest position by turning and raise the presser foot lever. If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine starts to sew. breaking the needle and resulting in injury. the machine will not operate correctly. CAUTION ● Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction.

• Make sure the bobbin case finger fits into the notch at the top of the shuttle race. 1 a Tension spring f the bobbin case into the shuttle race. 15 . fully insert release the latch. as shown below. and then Hold the bobbin case by the latch. down the delivery eye under the tension spring.e and to the left. If it is incorrectly installed. CAUTION ● Make sure that the bobbin case is properly placed back into the machine. it will fall out from the shuttle when the machine starts to sew. a Bobbin case finger b Notch g Close the shuttle cover. until it enters Pull the trailing thread through the slot.

• If the needle is not correctly raised. the sewing machine can not be threaded. a b c d Spool pin Thread guide (rear) Thread guide (front) Thread take-up lever CAUTION ● Make sure you thread the machine properly. Otherwise. Raise the presser foot using the presser foot c then put a spool of thread on this pin. and CAUTION ● If the spool of thread is in the wrong place. Be sure to turn the handwheel before threading the sewing machine. the thread may tangle on the spool pin and cause the needle to break. then the front one. a Presser foot lever e tension control dial from the right to the left Feed the upper thread through both thread Pull the thread down and around the upper so the thread picks up the thread check spring. or is set incorrectly. Pull up the spool pin as far as possible. a Upper tension control dial b Thread check spring 16 .KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Upper threading Set the upper thread and thread the needle. d guides: the rear one first. Raise the needle by turning the handwheel b toward you (counterclockwise) to raise the thread take-up lever to its highest position. a lever. the thread could tangle and break the needle.

● If you incorrectly feed the thread you may cause sewing problems. While holding the thread as shown below. Guide the thread through the thread take-up a Needle bar thread guide i out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread. Put the thread behind the needle bar thread The thread can easily be passed behind the needle bar thread guide by holding the thread in your left hand. Thread the needle from front to back and pull a Thread take-up lever a 5 cm (2 inches) Note ● If the thread take-up lever is lowered. the upper thread cannot be wrapped around the thread take-up lever. 1 g lever from right to left. Make sure you raise the presser foot lever and the thread take-up lever before you feed the upper thread. 17 .f pull it between the tension discs. then feeding the thread with your right hand. h guide above the needle.

Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower a Upper thread b Lower thread 18 . d threads and pull them toward the back of the Pull out about 15 cm (6 inches) of both machine under the presser foot. a Upper thread b Lower thread c thread.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Drawing up the lower thread a Lightly hold the end of the upper thread. a Upper thread b raise the needle to its highest position by While holding the end of the upper thread. turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise).

1 CAUTION ● Only use home sewing machine needles. the thicker the thread. Use the same size thread for the upper (spool) and lower (bobbin) threads. Refer to the following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew. ● Never use bent needles. ● A 75/11 needle is already installed when the sewing machine is purchased. Canvas. Bent needles can easily break. Velvet.REPLACING THE NEEDLE This section provides information on sewing machine needles. Muslin Denim. Corduroy. Be sure to read and carefully follow the instructions below. Taffeta. Batiste Cotton. Tricot Memo ● The smaller the thread number. Fine lace. Use of any other needle may bend the needle or damage the machine. Failure to observe these precautions is extremely dangerous. the thicker the needle. Tweed. Selecting the needle depending on the thread and fabric types The sewing machine needle that should be used depends on the fabric and thread thickness. Gabardine. Gingham. Sewing fabrics Very thin Fine tricot. 75/11 Synthetics. Poplin. Satin. and the larger the needle number. Silk. ● Use the ball point needle when sewing on stretch fabrics or fabrics where skipped stitches easily occur. Double knit.) Fine corduroy. Organza. Thin linen. Linen. ● Use a 90/14 to 100/16 needle with transparent nylon threads. Silk. Chiffon 65/9 Needle sizes Thread sizes Cotton: 80 Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Fine Mercerized Cotton Cotton: 60-80 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50 Cotton: 50-60 Silk: “A” Synthetic/ Polyester Long Fiber Mercerized 50-60 Cotton: 40-50 Mercerized Heavy Duty Polyester Long Fiber Cotton Wrapped Polyester Polyester Long Fiber Lightweight Voile. Pique. regardless of the fabric being sewn. Needle precautions Be sure to observe the following precautions concerning the handling of the needle. Duck 100/16 Medium weight Heavyweight Knits Single knit. 19 . Suitings. 90/14 (Ball point) Jersey. 90/14 (Supplied with Lightweight wool. Percale. your machine. possibly resulting in injury.

the needle may bend or break. Before using the needle. If the combination of the fabric. a Flat side b Needle type marking ■ Correct needle c Lower the presser foot lever.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— CAUTION ● The appropriate fabric. the needle is bent. particularly when sewing thick fabrics (such as denim) with thin needles (such as 65/9 to 75/11). thread and needle combinations are shown in the table on the previous page. thread and needle is not correct. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. Use the screwdriver and a needle that has been determined to be straight according to the instructions in “Checking the needle” . a Turn off the sewing machine. 1 a Flat surface ■ Incorrect needle If the distance between the needle and the flat surface is not even. Do not use a bent needle. b turning the handwheel toward you 1 2 Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). In addition. the stitching may be uneven or puckered or there may be skipped stitches. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. place the flat side of the needle on a flat surface and check that the distance between the needle and the flat surface is even. Replacing the needle Replace the needle as described below. CAUTION ● Before replacing the needle. Checking the needle Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous since the needle may break while the machine is being operated. a Presser foot lever 1 a Flat surface 20 .

the needle clamp (which holds the needle) may fall off. Therefore. clamp screw by turning it clockwise. f use the screwdriver to tighten the needle While holding the needle with your left hand. and then Align the bottom edge of the needle holder tighten the needle clamp screw. e rear of the machine. do not loosen the needle clamp screw too much. Note ● The needle can be removed by simply loosening the needle clamp screw about one turn. otherwise certain parts of the sewing machine may be damaged. follow the procedure below to attach it to the needle bar. a Needle stopper a b c d Needle bar Needle holder Needle clamp screw Align 21 . insert the needle until it With the flat side of the needle toward the touches the needle stopper. (If the needle clamp screw is loosened too much. slide the needle clamp screw is on the right side and the needle bar thread guide is at the bottom. a Needle clamp screw b Needle bar thread guide c Needle bar b with the end of the needle bar. ■ Installing the needle clamp If the needle clamp is removed. a the needle clamp onto the needle bar so that As seen from the front of the machine. and then screw counterclockwise to remove the needle.d use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp Hold the needle with your left hand.) 1 Install the twin needle in the same way. a Screwdriver b Needle clamp screw • Do not apply strong force when loosening or tightening the needle clamp screw. otherwise the needle may break or damage may result. CAUTION ● Be sure to insert the needle until it touches the needle stopper and securely tighten the needle clamp screw with the screwdriver.

be sure to raise the needle before turning the fabric. ● When changing the sewing direction. e the machine to the thread take-up lever. ■ Twin needle threading a Attach the twin needle in the same way as a Attach the twin needle. CAUTION ● Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: X57521-021). The needle could break and injure you. Other needles could break. ● When using the twin needle. b Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of Attach the extra spool pin. Use the thread from the first spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the needle bar thread guide is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). If the needle hits the presser foot. See page 16 for more details. 22 . thread guide.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— Sewing with a twin needle (Option) We have designed your machine so you can sew with the optional twin needle and two top threads. Put the second spool of thread onto the extra spool pin. c Needle bar thread guide a First spool b Second spool c the machine to the needle bar thread guide. ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. You can use the same color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches. Use the thread from the second spool to thread The path for threading the machine to the thread take-up lever is the same as for normally threading the machine (for a single needle). If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. single needle (page 20). and damage the machine. the machine. f Do not pass the thread behind the needle bar Thread the right needle from front to back. See page 16 for more details. d Thread the left needle from front to back. ● Do not sew with bent needles. The stitches available for twin-needle sewing are straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2. otherwise the needle may break or the machine may be damaged. the needle may bend or break. be sure to select an appropriate stitch (straight stitches 6 through 10 and zigzag stitch 2). b Right needle thread passes in front of the needle bar thread guide. a Left needle thread passes through the needle bar thread guide. the needle may bend or break.

Using other any presser feet may cause an accident or injury. c Raise the presser foot lever. Press the black button at the back of the If the sewing machine has been turned on. If you leave the power on and step on the controller. the machine will start and you may be injured. 1 Replacing the presser foot Replace the presser foot as described below. I. the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break. a turn it off. be sure to turn off the sewing machine. a Presser foot holder b Shank c Pin f presser foot pin snaps into the shank in the Slowly lower the presser foot lever so that the presser foot holder. otherwise injuries may occur if the foot controller is accidentally pressed and the machine starts sewing. 23 . If you use the wrong presser foot. b turning the handwheel toward you e so that the presser foot pin is aligned with the Place a different presser foot below the holder shank in the holder. Position the presser foot so the letter indicating the presser foot type (A. d presser foot holder to release the presser foot. and may cause injury. etc. a Presser foot lever a Presser foot lever The presser foot is attached. ● Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. a Black button b Presser foot holder CAUTION ● Before replacing the presser foot. Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise).REPLACING THE PRESSER FOOT CAUTION ● Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. ● Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen.) is positioned to be read.

Raise the presser foot lever to check that the ■ Attaching the presser foot holder a left side of the presser bar. such as the quilting foot.KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ————————————————————————————————————————— g presser foot is securely attached. a Presser foot holder b Presser bar b your right hand. Use the screwdriver to remove the presser foot holder. b holder screw. Align the presser foot holder with the lower- Removing the presser foot holder Remove the presser foot holder when cleaning the sewing machine or when installing a presser foot that does not use the presser foot holder. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). • For details. ■ Removing the presser foot holder a Remove the presser foot. Use the screwdriver to loosen the presser foot a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw Note ● If the presser foot holder is not correctly installed. a Screwdriver b Presser foot holder c Presser foot holder screw 24 . the thread tension will be incorrect. and then tighten the screw Hold the presser foot holder in place with using the screwdriver in your left hand.

possibly resulting in injuries. For details on replacing the presser foot. otherwise injuries may occur or the needle may break. Before operating the sewing machine. ● Do not pull or push the fabric too hard while sewing. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). For details on starting to sew. otherwise the needle may break or bend. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). Bent needles can easily break. otherwise injuries may occur. ● Never use bent needles. refer to “Replacing the presser foot” (page 23). General sewing procedure Follow the basic procedures below to sew. 4 Start sewing. keep your hands away from all moving parts such as the needle and handwheel. pay special attention to the needle location. For details on selecting a stitch. Select the stitch appropriate for the area to be sewn. Turn on the sewing machine. Attach the presser foot appropriate for the stitch. For details on turning on the machine. read the following precautions.2 SEWING BASICS SEWING Basic sewing operations are described below. In addition. When sewing is finished. 1 Turn on the machine. ● Make sure that the needle does not strike basting pins. cut the threads. 3 Attach the presser foot. 2 CAUTION ● While the machine is in operation. Position the fabric. 25 . 2 Select the stitch. and then start sewing. refer to “Power supply” (page 10).

41 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Zigzag (satin) stitch 6 Straight stitch (Center needle position) Select the desired length. 43 7 Straight stitch (Left needle position) Stretch blind Stitch 33 8 33 9 Shell tuck stitch 43 10 Elastic stitch 44 26 . 35. 33. 40. select the desired stitch. aPattern selection dial Number on dial Stitch name 4-step automatic buttonhole b Pattern ac d Page 1 36 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 32.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Selecting stitching Turning the stitch selection dial in either direction.

turn the handwheel While holding the end of the thread and the Turn on the sewing machine. h Take your foot off the foot controller.Starting to sew a e fabric with your left hand. 2 b turning the handwheel toward you Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). c Raise the presser foot lever. Raise the presser foot lever. f Lower the presser foot lever. a Presser foot lever g Slowly press down on the foot controller. The machine stops sewing. i turning the handwheel toward you a 5 cm (2 inches) j Raise the needle to its highest position by (counterclockwise). 27 . toward you (counterclockwise) with your right hand to lower the needle to the starting point of the stitching. a Presser foot lever d the thread under the presser foot. and then Place the fabric under the presser foot. The machine starts sewing. pass pull out about 5 cm (2 inches) of thread toward the rear of the machine.

28 . a Thread cutter Sewing in reverse Reverse sewing is used to lock the threads at the end of the seam or wherever reinforcement is needed.SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— k and then pass the threads through the thread Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. refer to “Lower threading” (page 14) and reinsert the bobbin. In this case. Thread tension The thread tension will affect the quality of your stitches. b lever. You may need to adjust it when you change fabric or thread. 1 2 3 a b c d Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Press and hold down the reverse sewing lever 4 ■ Upper tension is too tight Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. Memo ● Before beginning to change tension adjustments make sure the upper thread and bobbin are inserted correctly. ■ Correct tension Correct tension is important as too much or too little tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers on your fabric. a while sewing. Note ● If the bobbin thread was incorrectly inserted. the upper thread may be too tight. ● We recommend you do a test sample on a scrap of fabric before you start to sew. cutter on the back of the presser foot bar to cut them. To sew forward. release the reverse sewing 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number.

4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number. refer to “Upper threading” (page 16) and rethread. Be sure not to turn the screw more than one full turn. be sure to return the screw to its original position before the next time that the machine is used. Note ● The bobbin thread tension has been adjusted at the factory for general use. increase the tension in the bobbin by turning the screw clockwise with a small screwdriver. If the problem persists. In addition. 29 . 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 4 2 2 3 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops may appear on the surface of the fabric when sewing thin fabric with thin thread. Note ● If the upper thread was incorrectly threaded. In this case. For most sewing applications. the upper thread may be too loose. no adjustment is needed.■ Upper tension is too loose Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric.

SEWING BASICS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— USEFUL SEWING TIPS Various ways to achieve better results for your sewing projects are described below. stop the Leave the needle lowered (in the fabric). If the needle was raised. Sewing curves Stop sewing. use a piece of fabric and thread that are the same as those used for your project. raise the presser foot lever even higher to bring the presser foot to its highest position. Changing the sewing direction a sewing machine. and then turn the b fabric. Trial sewing A trial piece of fabric should be sewn since. If the fabric is turned while the needle is lowered. depending on the type of fabric and stitching being sewn. the desired results may not be achieved. Refer to these tips when sewing your project. When the stitching reaches a corner. Turn the fabric using the needle as a pivot. 30 . Since the results differ depending on the type of stitching and the number of layers of fabric sewn. Raise the presser foot lever. the needle may bend or break. For the trial sewing. c sewing. CAUTION ● When using the twin needle. Sewing thick fabrics ■ If the fabric does not fit under the presser foot If the fabric does not fit easily under the presser foot. When sewing along a curve while using a zigzag stitch. select a shorter stitch length in order to obtain a finer stitch. perform the trial sewing under the same conditions that will be used with your project. the needle may bend or break. and check the thread tension and stitch length and width. be sure to raise the needle before changing the sewing direction. and then slightly change the sewing direction to sew around the curve. lower the needle by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). Lower the presser foot lever and continue CAUTION ● If fabric more than 6 mm (15/64 inches) thick is sewn or if the fabric is pushed with too much force.

a Basting Using a free-arm style Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular and hard-to-reach areas. a Flat bed attachment 31 . tear off any excess paper. lift the bottom of the flat bed attachment toward you. If this occurs. 2 a Stabilizer material or paper Sewing stretch fabrics First. When you have finished sewing. and then sew without stretching the fabric. baste the pieces of fabric together. place thin paper or stabilizer material under the fabric and sew it together with the fabric. To change your machine to the free-arm style. the stitching may become misaligned or the fabric may not feed correctly.Sewing thin fabrics When sewing thin fabrics. and then pull the flat bed attachment out to remove it.

refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). Select the desired width. If the needle hits the presser foot. use straight stitches at the beginning and end of the zigzag stitch for reinforcement. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). • For details. CAUTION ● Slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and check that the needle does not touch the presser foot. 32 . cut the thread. They are also useful for sewing stretch materials.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— 3 UTILITY STITCHES USEFUL STITCHES Zigzag stitches You can use the zigzag stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. the needle may bend or break. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). d When sewing is finished. Memo ● When sewing with a zigzag stitch. Lower the needle into the fabric at the b beginning of the stitching. Zigzag (satin) stitch a Select a stitch. Stitch name Application c Start sawing. • For details. Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches. • For details. Overcasting and attaching appliqués.

• For details. a b Baste or pin together the fabric pieces. Number on dial 8 Stitch name Stretch blind Stitch Application Blind hem stitching on stretch fabrics. basic (Center needle stitching. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26). etc. e When sewing is finished. without the stitch showing. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Blind hem stitching You can use the Blind Hem Stitch to finish the edge of a project. a Right side of fabric b Bottom side b hem. 3 Select a stitch. d Lower the needle into the fabric at the Fold the fabric along the desired edge of the Start sewing. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. <Seen from the side> a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric 33 . refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). and press. Straight stitch (Left needle position) Basic stitching. and position) sewing gathers or darning. refer to “Starting to sew” (page 27). • For details. 7 a Reverse the skirt or pants. sewing gathers or pintucks. cut the thread. c beginning of the stitching. like the hem of a pair of trousers. Two stitches are available for basic stitching. etc. • For details.Basic stitching Straight stitches are used for sewing plain seams.

refer to“Using a free-arm style” (page 31). Slide the part that you wish to sew onto the and then start sewing. Remove the flat bed attachment and make • For details on free-arm sewing. and Use a chalk to mark on the fabric about 5 mm then baste it. and position the <Seen from the side> <Seen from the side> a b c d e d Wrong side of fabric Right side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting stitching 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Wrong side of fabric b Basting c Edge of fabric f Select the stretch blind stitch (8). h arm. g free-arm sewing possible. <Seen from the side> a b c d Wrong side of fabric Edge of fabric Basting 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Arm 34 . e fabric with the wrong side facing up. Unfold the edge of fabric. Fold back the fabric inside along the basting.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— c (3/16 inches) from the edge of the fabric. make sure that the fabric feeds correctly.

and position) sewing gathers or darning. Place the fabric to be darned under the for reinforcement. e filled with parallel stitching. c presser foot together with a fabric underlay a Wrong side of fabric b Right side of fabric d with your hands.i catches the fold of the hem. Darning Reinforce points that will be subject to strain. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Attaching Straight stitch zippers. 3 Sew along the fold of the hem. basic (Center needle stitching. Remove the basting stitching and turn the k fabric right side up. b Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). a shown below. and then lower Position the fabric so that the needle slightly the presser foot lever. Stop sewing when the portion to be darned is 35 . and then remove both the aNeedle bNeedle drop point cFold of hem dWrong side of fabric j Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. alternately drawing the Start sewing while gently moving the fabric fabric away and pulling it toward you. etc. make sure that both threads are the same color as the fabric. For invisible stitching.

Select stitch “a” of the 4-step automatic Making the buttonhole The names of parts of buttonhole foot “A”. d that the middle of the front chalk line is Position the fabric under the presser foot so directly in the center of the presser foot and aligned with the two red lines on the insert. are indicated below. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. a the buttonhole on the fabric. which is used for sewing buttonholes. Step Step a (Front end of button hole) Step b (Left side) Sewn portion Use chalk to mark the position and length of 1 Step c (Back end of button hole) a Marks on fabric Step d (Right side) b outside frame back until the sliding insert Attach buttonhole foot “A” and push the reaches the front of the outside frame. Pass the upper thread down through the hole in the presser foot. Stitch name Application Memo ● Before sewing buttonholes. a Reinforcement stitching c buttonhole (1).UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— BUTTONHOLE SEWING Buttonholes can be sewn and buttons can be sewn on. place stabilizer material under the fablic. check the stitch length and width by sewing a trial buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric. Buttonholes are sewn from the front of the presser foot to the back. a b c d Presser foot scale Pin Marks on buttonhole foot 5 mm (3/16 inches) a Mark on fabric b Red marks on the sliding insert e Start sewing. as shown below. 36 . Number on dial 1 4-step automatic buttonhole Buttonholes on medium weight fabrics. ● When sewing buttonholes on stretch fabrics.

and then raise the needle by Stop sewing when the needle is at the left side turning the handwheel toward you. o fabric. p stitching to prevent the stitching from being Insert a pin at the end of the buttonhole cut. and then sew to the edge of the front bar tack. Raise the presser foot lever. and then sew the length of the h chalk line. l side of the stitching. do not place your hands in the cutting path. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. and cut the thread. Select stitch “d” of the 4-step automatic n buttonhole until the needle reaches the Start sewing. and then use a seam ripper to cut towards the pin and open the buttonhole. and then raise the needle Stop sewing when the needle is at the right by turning the handwheel toward you. Do not use the seam ripper in any other way than how it is intended. Sew 5 to 6 stitches. g buttonhole (1). turn the fabric 90 degrees counterclockwise. select the straight stitch (6 through 10) with the desired length. Select stitch “b” of the 4-step automatic 2 Start sewing. remove the 37 . k CAUTION ● When opening the buttonhole with the seam ripper. otherwise injuries may result if the seam ripper slips. For reinforcement. i side of the stitching. m buttonhole (1).f of the stitching. 3 Start sewing. 1 a Seam ripper b Pin Select stitch “c” (same as “a”) of the 4-step j automatic buttonhole (1). Sew the right side of the stitching sewn in step e.

c shown below. 38 .6 mm (1/16 inches) 3. Number of dial 2 3 4 Attach the button sewing foot “M”.8 mm (3/16 inches) b ■ If the right side is too loose compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the direction.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Adjusting buitching stitching If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not uniform. Button sewing Buttons can be sewn on with the sewing machine. Place a button between the presser foot and • When attaching four-hole buttons. a Buttonhole fine-adjusting screw Distance between holes 1. and then select the Measure the distance between the holes in the appropriate zigzag stitch (2. a button to be attached. first sew the two holes closest to you.2 mm (1/8 inches) 4. Buttons with 2 or with 4 holes can be attached. Then. the stitching can adjusted with the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw. 3 or 4) according to the following table. and then sew them in the same way. d the fabric. Place the darning plate on the needle plate as ■ If the right side is too tight compared to the left side Use the enclosed large screwdriver to turn the buttonhole fine-adjusting screw in the + direction. slide the button so that the needle goes into the two holes toward the rear of the sewing machine.

and Pull the upper thread at the end of the then tie it with the bobbin thread. g and then cut the upper and lower threads. CAUTION ● When sewing. If the needle hits the button. 39 . be sure that the needle does not touch the button. • After sewing for about 10 seconds at a low speed. otherwise the needle may bend or break. leaving a length of 15 cm (6 inches). Pull the fabric to the left side of the machine. h stitching to the wrong side of the fabric.e (counterclockwise) to check that the needle Turn the handwheel toward you correctly goes into the two holes of the button. return to step a. Use scissors to cut the upper thread and the bobbin thread at the beginning of the stitching. f 3 Start sewing. press and hold down the reverse sewing lever to sew a few reinforcement stitches.

fit the zipper foot on the other side of the zipper and continue sewing using the other side notch. You may also be injured. etc. the needle may break and you may be injured. Fold the edge of the fabric 2 cm (3/4 inches) c and place the zipper under the folded section. Attaching Straight stitch zippers. attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. CAUTION ● Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper during sewing. b left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the shank. CAUTION ● Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the needle does not hit the presser foot before you start sewing. release back of the presser foot. 40 . When sewing the left side of the zipper. If you choose a different stitch. and position) sewing gathers or darning. e the foot by pressing the button located at the To sew the opposite side of the zipper. Lower the needle into the notch located either on the left or right side of the zipper foot. and can easily position it to the right or left side of the needle. a Zipper foot “I” b Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper c Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). basic (Center needle stitching. If the needle hits the zipper.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— ZIPPER INSERTION You can use the zipper foot “I” to sew different types of zippers. the needle will hit the presser foot and break the needle. attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot. Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application d top on both sides. The needle should be Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the positioned on the zipper side of the foot for best results. When sewing the right side of the zipper.

Number on dial 2 Zigzag stitch 3 Zigzag stitch 4 Zigzag stitch 5 Overcasting and attaching appliqués with the decorative satin stitches.APPLIQUÉ. 3 Memo ● Make reinforcing straight stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. Baste the cut design to the fabric. 41 . Zigzag (satin) stitch Appliqués You can create an appliqué by cutting a different piece of fabric into a shape and using it as a decoration. Stitch name Application c Carefully sew around the edge of the design. monogramming and embroidering. You may also be injured. Cut away any fabric that is left outside the Select a stitch. and then remove both the Place the darning plate on the needle plate as presser foot and presser foot holder assembly. e Remove the basting. Monogramming and embroidering a shown below. if necessary. as the needle can break. Select the desired width. Overcasting and attaching appliqués. d stitching. MONOGRAMMING AND EMBROIDERING Zigzag stitches can be used for sewing appliqués. a b CAUTION ● Be careful that the needle does not hit a pin during sewing.

d the surface of the fabric facing up inside the Put the fabric in the embroidery hoop with well. especially needles. c design (for embroidering) on the surface of Draw the lettering (for monogramming) or the fabric. h Start sewing. the stitches are longer. ■ Embroidering Sew along the outline of the design by moving the hoop slowly. i and sew a few stitches for reinforcing. and then sew a few stitches to reinforce the stitching. ■ Monogramming Sew the lettering at a constant speed by moving the hoop slowly.UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— b Select a stitch. fabric with the middle and third fingers. and support the outside of the hoop with your little fingers. e the presser bar. Place the project under the needle and lower f at the starting position by turning the Draw up the lower thread through the project handwheel toward you (counterclockwise). sew to completely fill in the design with stitches by alternately sewing from the outline of the design to the inside and from the inside to the outline. Then. 42 . When the hoop is moved slowly. Select the desired length for straight stitch (6) Memo ● When the hoop is moved quickly. g forefingers of both hands while pressing the Grip the hoop with the thumbs and Memo ● Be sure to keep the stitches close together. the stitches are shorter. CAUTION ● Be sure to keep your fingers away from moving parts.

a Attaching zippers. c slightly off the edge of the fabric. and then iron the tucks 43 . d Smooth the gathers by ironing them. Fold the fabric along the bias. (Center needle and sewing position) gathers or darning. Gathering Number on dial 6 Stitch name Application Shell tuck stitching Number on dial 9 Shell tuck stitch Shell tuck stitching The gathers that look like shells are called “shell tucks”. Sew while making sure that the needle drops d down to one side. the front of blouses or cuffs made of thin fabrics. refer to “Thread tension” (page 28). Sew a single or multiple parallel rows of • Do not sew reverse stitches or cut the thread. c stitches. b the thread tension.DECORATIVE STITCHING Various decorative stitches can be sewn with this sewing machine. Unfold the fabric. They are used to decorate trims. Pull the bobbin threads to create gathers. etc. Loosen the tension of the upper thread (to 3 b about 2). Straight stitch basic stitching. Stitch name Application a Select the desired length for straight stitch (6). Select the shell tuck stitch (9). and increase • For details. • For details. refer to “Selecting stitching” (page 26).

start sewing the edges of the two fabrics together. Then. Memo ● Make reinforcing reverse stitches at the beginning and the end of stitching. sewing Elastic stitching elastic tape or joining fabric. and then sew over the tear. ■ Sewing elastic tape Place the elastic tape on the fabric. Each is explained below. ■ Joining fabric Put the edges of the two pieces of fabric together. and then sew over the elastic tape while holding the tape both in front and behind the presser foot. Select the elastic stitch (10). The elastic stitch can be used in 3 ways: mending. sewing elastic or joining fabric. ■ Mending Place the reinforcement fabric under the tear to be mended. and then place them under the presser foot with the fabric edges under the center of the presser foot. 44 .UTILITY STITCHES —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Elastic stitching Number on dial 10 Stitch name Application Mending.

4 APPENDIX MAINTENANCE Simple sewing machine maintenance operations are described below. If you use it more often. b indicated below. ● Unplug the power supply cord before changing the bulb. a b Turn off the machine and unplug it. Note ● Hold the face plate securely while removing or attaching it. 4 Loosen the face plate screw. c Remove the face plate from the machine. ● Sewing machine oil is available at your local sewing machine dealer or service center. After oiling. oil every day. ● Do not apply too much oil as it may soil the thread and fabric. c at a fast speed without thread. Put 2 to 3 drops of oil at each of the points Be sure to wipe any excess oil off the machine. Oiling a Changing the bulb CAUTION Turn off the machine and unplug it. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. run the machine for a short time Memo ● Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. 45 .

Raise the needle and the presser foot. Cleaning the shuttle race CAUTION ● Be sure to unplug the machine before cleaning it. a Bobbin case latch e ring to remove it. lightly soak a cloth in neutral detergent. and then wipe the surface of the machine.APPENDIX d ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Replace the sewing light bulb. otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur. a bulb b Loosen c Tighten e again. wipe it again with a dry cloth. squeeze it out firmly. Cleaning the machine surface If the surface of the machine is dirty. Slide the latch levers out from the retaining CAUTION ● Unplug the power supply cord before cleaning the machine. After cleaning it once with a wet cloth. Remove the flat bed attachment and open the Attach the face plate and fasten the screw d toward you and pulling it out from the shuttle Remove the bobbin case by pulling its latch race. and c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. a Retaining ring b Latch lever 46 . otherwise injuries or an electric shock may occur.

c shuttle cover at the front of the free arm. j and push the latch levers back into position. b then remove the presser foot and the needle. a Retaining ring b Driver c Race body h wipe the shuttle race in order to remove any Use a cloth dampened with machine oil to lint. Attach the needle plate by using a coin or a Retaining ring b Hook c Latch lever 47 . Otherwise. Raise the needle and the presser foot. a Turn off the machine and unplug it. e part of the feed dogs and shuttle race body. Use a brush to remove any accumulated lint driver and race body. Use a brush to clean the lint from the upper Reassemble the hook and the retaining ring.f and pulling it out. Clean the lint from the shuttle hook in the i same manner as described in step h. you may get an electric shock or be injured. Remove the hook by grasping its center post k the needle before using the machine. hook. and Remove the flat bed attachment and open the 4 Remove the needle plate by using a coin or d screwdriver to remove the screws. f screwdriver. a Retaining ring b Hook c Hook center post g and thread from the retaining ring. Attach the bobbin case. the presser foot and Cleaning the feed dogs CAUTION ● Make sure you unplug the machine before you clean it.

being careful not to over-tighten the screw. Note ● Remember to return the screw to its original setting before starting your next project. the thread tension must be adjusted according to the procedure described below. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. damage may occur during shipping. For most sewing applications. When packing up the machine again. pack it properly as described below. 48 . the thread tension may not be adjusted adequately with the upper tension control dial. ■ Bobbin tension is too loose Loops appear on the surface of the fabric. Therefore. Note ● If the loops still appear on the surface of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. When sewing with thin thread on thin fabrics. After you adjust the bobbin thread. In this case. IMPORTANT ● This packing material is designed to prevent damage in transit. 1 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on surface of fabric 2 3 5 4 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a lower number. the bobbin thread may be too loose. no adjustment is needed. turn the screw clockwise. ● Save this packing material in case it is needed to transport this sewing machine. approximately 30-45 degrees to increase bobbin tension.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Repacking the machine Keep the carton and packing materials for future use. a Screw Bobbin case tension adjustment The bobbin thread tension has already been adjusted at the factory for general use. If it is not packed properly.

turn the screw counterclockwise being careful not to over-loosen the screw. In this case. 4 a Screw 49 . the bobbin thread may be too tight. approximately 30-45 degrees to decrease bobbin tension. Note ● If the loops still appear on the wrong side of the fabric after you adjust the upper tension. After you adjust the bobbin thread.■ Bobbin tension is too tight Loops appear on the wrong side of the fabric. adjust the upper thread to match the bobbin thread. 1 5 a b c d e Wrong side Surface Upper thread Lower thread Loops appear on wrong side of fabric 2 3 4 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tensioncontrol dial to a higher number.

How to put it right Plug the machine in. Lightly guide the fabric. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Replace the bobbin case. The area around the hole in the nee. 36. The needle is not appropriate for the thread you are using. You are pulling the fabric too much. 38. authorized service center. The bobbin winder shaft is pushed to the right. page 16 The upper thread breaks. (for example. The bobbin case is scratched. You have not used the right combination of fabric. 41 page 28 – – The main power switch is turned off. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. – page 19 page 28 page 46 The upper thread tension is too tight. The thread is tangled. Symptom Possible cause The machine is not plugged in. Move the bobbin winder shaft to the left. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine.) Replace the presser foot. The needle breaks. Loosen the upper thread tension. 40.com]. Remove any knots or tangles. thread and needle. – – page 12 Correct the upper threading. You have not used the foot controller properly. clean the shuttle race. the Brother Solutions Center offers the latest FAQs and troubleshooting tips. Reference page 10 page 10 page 13 page 11 page 20 page 21 page 20 page 19 page 35. If you need additional help. You can solve most problems by yourself. Loosen the upper thread tension. Choose a needle that is appropriate for the type of stitch. The needle clamp screw is loose. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric.Replace the needle plate. you have not fitted the spool properly. The needle is bent or blunt. for example. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. in the shuttle race. Insert the needle properly. Use the screwdriver to firmly tighten the screw. 50 . If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. The presser foot you are using is not appropriate for the type of stitch that you want to sew. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. If the problem persists.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— TROUBLESHOOTING If the machine stops operating correctly. Turn on the main power switch. Visit us at [http://solutions. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. The upper thread tension is too tight. contact your dealer or the nearest authorized service center. Use the foot controller properly. Remove the tangle thread. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. check the following possible problems before requesting service. Replace the needle.brother. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. The sewing machine does not work. You have not inserted the needle properly. There are knots or tangles in the thread. or the thread has come out of the guide above the needle.

foot holder properly. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly.You have not attached the pressersion is incorrect. The bobbin case is scratched. The upper thread is too tight. The thread tension is incorrect.Replace the needle plate. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. The upper thread was not threaded correctly. The bobbin thread is incorrectly installed. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. The area around the hole in the presser foot is scratched. Contact your retailer or the nearest dle plate is scratched. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. Correct the upper threading. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Correctly install the bobbin thread. You have not inserted the needle properly. How to put it right Replace the needle. page 16 page 12 page 19 page 24 page 28 page 12 page 14 page 14 51 . Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. Bobbin is set incorrectly. Remove the tangled thread and clean the shuttle race. – – page 12 page 12 – page 46 page 12 page 14 page 16 4 Correct the upper threading. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. thread and needle. Replace the presser foot. The thread is tangled. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorised service center. The lower thread is tangled or breaks. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Reset the bobbin thread correctly. Insert the needle properly. authorised service center. The upper thread breaks. Bobbin is set incorrectly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. or has a burr on it. The thread ten. Attach the presser-foot holder properly.Symptom Possible cause The needle is bent or blunt. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Replace the bobbin. Reference page 20 page 20 – The area around the hole in the nee. You have not wound the bobbin thread properly. The thread is tangled on the wrong side of the fabric. Wind the bobbin thread properly. Replace the bobbin case. The bobbin is scratched or does not turn smoothly. Wind the bobbin thread properly. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. You have not used a bobbin that has been designed for this machine.

Stitches are skipped. The thread is tangled. oil every day. How to put it right Thread the upper thread and wind the bobbin thread properly. 36. thread and needle. If you are sewing thin fabric. clean the shuttle race. 47 page 46 page 16 – The fabric is wrinkled. Insert the needle properly. page 45 52 . in the shuttle race. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. the stitch is too thick. Reference page 14. Correct the upper threading. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Attach the presser foot that is correct for the type of stitch that you want to sew. 16 – page 19 page 20 page 31 page 28 page 16 page 19 page 20 page 46. Sew with stabiliser material under the fabric. page 45 The presser foot that you are using is not correct for the type of stitch. The thread tension is incorrect. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Adjust the tension of the upper thread. You have not fitted the spool properly. clean the shuttle race. Change the sewing light bulb. thread and needle. Replace the needle.APPENDIX ————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Symptom Possible cause You have not threaded the upper thread properly or fitted the bobbin properly. The needle is bent or blunt. page 33. Dust has built up in the feed dogs or in the shuttle race. The sewing lamp is damaged. 38. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. page 12 Insufficient oiling. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Remove the tangle thread. The thread is tangled. The thread tension is incorrect. Dust has accumulated under the needle plate or in the shuttle race. You have not used bobbin that has been designed for this machine. Replace the bobbin case. You have not used the right combination of fabric. Make sure to oil the machine once a week if you use it more than an hour a day. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Contact your retailer or the nearest authorized service center. The needle is bent or blunt. Correct the upper threading. If the thread is tangled in the shuttle race. Choose a thread and needle that are appropriate for the type of fabric. Fit the spool properly. for example. You have not inserted the needle properly. 40. Incorrect bobbins will not work properly. 41 page 28 page 46 page 19 page 46 The fabric does not feed. for example. The stitch is not sewn correctly. The bobbin case is scratched. Remove the tangle thread. in the shuttle race. The sewing light bulb does not come on. thread and needle. Replace the needle. Clean the shuttle race. If you use it more often. There is a highpitched noise while sewing. Only use a bobbin that has been designed for this machine. You have not threaded the upper thread properly. Remove the needle plate cover and clean the plate and the shuttle race.

....... 28 thread guide ............................................................................ 28 53 ....8.............................................. 41 extra spool pin ............ 30 troubleshooting .......................................... 21 needle plate ......................................6.................................................................................................. 8................................................................................................................................................................................ 22 upper tension-control dial ... 19 repacking ...........................................................................................8............................................10 monogramming ................................... 14 bobbin winder .......................................................................................16 C cleaning ............................................................................................................................................30..........................38 buttonhole foot ................................................................................ 31 B basic stitching ...................................................................................... 12 P R relative chart of sewing fabrics................................................................8 needle clamp screw ...................36 buttonhole sewing .....................36 T thick fabrics ...........12.................................................30 thin fabrics ............................................47 shuttle race cleaning .......................................................33 stretch blind stitch . 21..................................... 31 F U W winding the bobbin ......... 41 S satin stitching ...........................................................................35 E embroidering ....................... needles and threads ..................................................................... 19 needle bar thread guide ................................................................................40 zipper insertion ................................................................. 22 feed dogs .........................8......................................................................................................................................................................................................................33 blind hem stitching ............................................................................................................. 29.........27 free-arm style .....32 seam ripper ............................................................................................................................................. 41 N needle ...... 48 upper threading .... 50 twin needle ............................................... 16 thread tension ...............31 thread cutter ............................................6 main power switch ........33 bobbin ................... 26 presser foot .................... 37 sewing machine needles .......................................... 46 D darning .......................... 44 M main parts ............. 14 bobbin case .................. 28 trial sewing ............................................................................................................ 47 flat bed attachment . 32........................................ 48 reverse sewing lever ................................................................ 7............................ 16 straight stitch ................................................... 40 G gathering ..... 16 pre-tension disk ..................................................................................... 23 presser foot holder .............................................................. 24 presser foot lever ..........32 pattern selection dial ................................................33 stretch fabrics ..........................................................................19 shell tuck stitching ...................................................... 43 Z H handwheel .........................................................47 spool pin .................................9 appliqués .................INDEX A accessories .............................. 47 O oiling ................................ 7 J joining ...............................12 zigzag stitches ........... 8......................................................................................45 overcasting stitches ....................................................................... 41 zipper foot ..28........................................................ 12 button sewing ........43 shuttle hook removal ..........................................................................................8................................................................... 31 foot controller .........................................................

English XE4592-001 Printed in China .

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