(E)GPRS Network Infrastructure

MS BTS BSC MSC PSTN SS7 Network SGSN SGSN Nokia Security GW
Router

SMS-GMSC HLR/AuC

Nokia Security GW
Router
STM-1

EIR

CG DNS LIG GGSN GGSN Nokia IP650 sec GW Corporate 1 Intranet

Nokia IP650 sec GW
Router
LAN SWITC H

GPRS IP Backbone Network

Router

STM-1

Router

Nokia IP650 sec GW

MODEM POOL FOR DIALUP

Nokia Security GW
MODEM POOL FOR DIALUP

Internet Nokia Security GW SGSN

Corporate 2 Intranet

SGSN Company Confidential
1 © 2005 Nokia

V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials

ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials .ELECTRICAL ET Metro BSC GB LINK Hub GB LINK SGSN GGSN Company Confidential 2 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.

ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials .NSEI PLANNING NSEI 1 NSEI 2 NSEI 3 NSEI 4 Company Confidential 3 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.

s.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials .Network Element and Configuration Audit Summary HLR BSS BTS • GPRS territory • BTS HW considerations (TRX & BBcard) MS/Client parameters • GPRS/EDGE capability and release •Multislot support RF BTS Abis BSC 2G Gb SGSN • BTS SW (EPCR) • PCU variant & dimensioning • PCU strategy in mixed configuration • BSS SW and features Gs IP/MPLS/IPoATM backbone Gn TC HLR/ AC/ EIR MSC/VLR SGSN TCSM • QoS profile • GPRS settings • Unit capacity (PAPU etc. FR • Dimensioning Server • load • settings (Linux/Win) V1-Filename.) • BSS Gb Flow control GGSN Gi Application Applicatio Servers n Servers (colocated RF interface • Coverage •C/I • Capacity • Traffic volume • Mobility Company Confidential 4 © 2005 Nokia Abis interface • EDAP size / dimensioning • # of E1/T1s • GPRS/EDGE traffic Gb interface • Bearer size • IP v.

Of sites planned per BSC : 100 • Access rate (CIR) is the speed required at the GB interface : 256 Kbps Company Confidential 5 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.INPUT GIVEN FOR THE GPRS PLANNING • No.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials . of sectors prevalent : 3 • No. of time slot used for EDAP on Abis (64 Kbps) : 3 Time slot • % of upgrade is the Teritory upgrade for the future perspective : 10 % • No. of time slot required for the GPRS territory : CDED=1 and CDEF=1 • No. of BTS per EDAP i.e the No.

of NSEI required in BSC • No. of sites per NSEI required • No.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials . Of BCSU required • No. of E1 required from the BSC to Metro Hub Company Confidential 6 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename. of PCU or No.OUTPUT REQUIRED • No. Of Gb Link required • No.

of EGPRS resources used in 1 sector * No.10% of 256 = 230. of Gb link = 3 • On 1 E1 we can get 31x64 = 1984 . so access rate can be given by 1 E1 = 1984/ access rate (256) = 1984 / 256 ~ 7 Company Confidential 7 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename. of PCU required : 6/2 = 3 • No.16 ~ 19 • So no NSEI required / BSC : 100 / 19 = 5. of NSEI required is equivalent to the no.4 ~ 230 • So no.2 * 3 = 6 • So total time slots per site 6 + 6 = 12 • 1 NSEI support 256 time slot with upgrade % as 10 so total no of time slots which can be equipped is 256 . of sites per NSEI is 230/12 = 19. of time slot/sector * no of time slot used for EDAP :.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials .2 +1 (for future use) ~ 6 • 2 NSEI supports 1 BCSU so no. of sectors : 2 x 3 • No.How to calculate what • No.

8 kbit/s 54.Transmission requirement for EGPRS coding schemes in Abis interface Coding scheme MCS-1 MCS-2 MCS-3 MCS-4 MCS-5 MCS-6 MCS-7 MCS-8 MCS-9 Data rate 8.2 kbit/s 14.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials .2 kbit/s Abis PCM allocation (fixed + pool) Company Confidential 8 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.4 kbit/s 29.8 kbit/s 11.8 kbit/s 17.6 kbit/s 44.6 kbit/s 22.4 kbit/s 59.

ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials .EDGE modulations Company Confidential 9 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.

number of octets CS-1 20 CS-2 30 CS-3 36 CS-4 MCS-6 74 MCS-7 56 MCS-8 68 MCS-9 74 74 68 56 Company Confidential 10 © 2005 Nokia 50 V1-Filename...9 use 8-PSK modulation • Operator can set the MCS to start with • E.g.4 use GMSK.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials . • EDGE has nine modulation and coding schemes... CS-1. MCS1..GPRS & EGPRS coding schemes MCS-1 • GPRS has four coding schemes...9. • MCS-1. always start with MCS-9 22 MCS-2 28 MCS-3 37 MCS-4 44 MCS-5 56 RLC/MAC block (radio block) redundancy from channel coding RLC data block. MCS-5.. All use GMSK.4.

Ideal Link Adaptatio 60 • 50 • 40 30 MCS-1 MCS-2 MCS-3 MCS-4 MCS-5 MCS-6 MCS-7 MCS-8 MCS-9 20 10 0 0 Company Confidential 11 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials 5 10 15 20 25 30 C/I . C/I of EGPRS coding schemes in TU50iFH. and consequently higher peak throughput. New parameters • Max BLER for Ack and Non-Ack modes • Can be used to tune to use more higher MCS’s • Mean BEP offset for GMSK and 8-PSK • Set threshold for MCS change • The figure shows throughput vs. without incremental redundancy.EDGE link performance In RLC layer (kbit/TSL) • • GPRS with re-transmission with same coding scheme Retransmissions with EDGE can be sent with the new scheme •Bit Error Probability (BEP) is a new MS quality measurement introduced In general. a higher coding scheme has higher coding rate. but it also tolerates less noise or interference.

Given as % over dual TCH tsls of GPRS enabled TRXs. TSL used for DL GPRS trf_79b Company Confidential 12 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.GPRS: territory (S9-10) TRX 1 TRX 2 CCCH TS TS TS TS TS TS TS Circuit Switched Territory Packet Switched Territory The following are the operator configurable parameters for territory management: • GPRSenabled (BTS-level)GENA • GPRSenabledTRX (TRX-level)GTRX • DedicatedGPRScapacity (BTS-level) CDED • DefaultGPRScapacity (BTS-level) CDEF • PreferBCCHfreqGPRS (BTS-level)BFG • TerritoryUpdateGuardTimeGPRS (BSC-level)GTUGT TS TS TS TS TS TS TS TS The main principle is that GPRS (PS) uses the capacity that remains from the CS traffic. AVAILABLE DEDICATED GPRS CHANNELS ava_17 (S9) ave_GPRS_channels_sum/ave_GPRS_channels_den PEAK DEDICATED GPRS CHANNELS /c2066(S9) peak_permanent_gprs_ch Used capacity for speech UNAVAILABLE TCH c2040 AVG.GPRS CH USED ach_1 Allocated resources Availability ava_1d AVG. AVAILABLE GPRS CHANNELS in PS territory ava_16 (S9) ave_GPRS_channels_sum/ave_GPRS_channels_den ADDIT. Rounded downwards. Includes dedicated time slots. TSL used for UL GPRS trf_78b AVG.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials Used resources . AVAILABLE TCH in CS territory ava_15 (S9) ave_avail_TCH_sum/ ave_avail_TCH_den AVG. BUSY TCH = CS traffic trf_12b ave_busy_tch/ res_av_denom14 Free capacity AVG. Additional GPRS Capacity Default GPRS Capacity Dedicated GPRS Capacity Territory border moves Dy n a m i c a l l y based on Circuit Switched traffic load Circ ui t Swit che by in not affecd capaci ty trod t ucin ed g GP RS • Circuit Switched traffic has priority • In each cell Circuit Switched & Packet Switched territories are defined • Territories consist of consecutive timeslots CDEF CDED Used capacity for GPRS PEAK GPRS CHANNELS /c2063(S9) peak_gprs_channels AVG.

ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials .DL Data Scheduling Example – “No need to share case” • There are enough EDAP resources to handle adequately all the TBFs and MCS requests.g PS Active EGPRS ch < EDAP resources) TRX 1 RTSL 0 1 CS-2 2 MCS-1 MCS-9 MCS-7 MCS-1 MCS-7 3 4 5 6 7 Requests PCM subTSL 1 2 3 4 PCM TSL 8 9 10 11 5 4 7 2 5 4 7 - 5 4 7 - 4 - - - CS-2 MCS-1 MCS-9 MCS-7 MCS-1 MCS-7 Grants Company Confidential 13 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename. (e.

DL Data Scheduling Example (sharing case) • Because EDAP is a shared resource between a higher number of EGPRS TSL it is possible to encounter the situation where there are not enough EDAP resources to handle “adequately” all the TBFs (e.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials .g PS Active EGPRS ch > EDAP resources) TRX 1 RTSL 0 1 CS-2 MCS-5 MCS-9 MCS-8 MCS-1 MCS-7 2 3 4 5 6 7 Requests PCM TSL PCM subTSL 1 2 3 10 11 12 5 4 2 5 4 7 5 4 7 4 3 - PCU-TRX 0 - - CS-2 MCS-5 MCS-7 MCS-7 MCS-1 MCS-6 Grants Company Confidential 14 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.

35 V1-Filename.8 ~ 0.EDAP utilization •6 EGPRS RTSLs (Dedicated + Default territory) • 50 % utilization assumed (3 Data Erlangs traffic) • On average 3 RTSLs used TRX 1 TRX 2 TS TS BCCH PBCCH TS TS TS TS TS TS TS TS Dedicated EGPRS TSL Default territory EGPRS TSL TS TS TS TS TS TS TS TS RTSLs use MCS7 (44.7*0.7 • • Slave group utilization is 0.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials Company Confidential 15 © 2005 Nokia .8 kbit/s) with average C/I=13dB and throughput 30kbit/s • Effective data rate factor excluding retransmissions over the airinterface is 30/44.5= 0.

PLAN A Company Confidential 16 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials PLAN B .

ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials .SNO 1 PLAN A PLAN B Both Non BCCH and BCCH Only BCCH TRX can access the EDGE Trx can access the EDGE facility Facility 2 If the BCCH TRX goes faulty If BCCH TRX goes faulty then The EDGE then also the EDGE users Service can not be accessed since the can access the N/W since 2nd TRX has not been defined on the the 2nd TRX has been EDAP POOL defined on the EDAP Pool Using this plan we can change the BFG priority depending on the Interference in the N/W We can not change the BFG unstill and unless the EDAP pool need to be redesigned 3 4 In case of extending the time We can not extend the Non BCCH TRX slot of EDGE in Non BCCH time slot during the congestion since that TRX also can be done if TRX is not mapped on the EDAP Pool congestions is observed in the Site While expanding the N/W from the 222 to 332 configuration we need to Modify the EDAP pool Need not to modify the EDAP pool since only BCCH TRX is being mapped 5 Company Confidential 17 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename.

of time slot used for the GPRS territory • Beside if we need to extend the resourced at ABIS end we need to defince the EDAP pool • If we require the Speed at GB we need to go to higher CIR Company Confidential 18 © 2005 Nokia V1-Filename. of sites per NSEI depend on the EDAP pool size and no.ppt / yyyy-mm-dd / Initials .Conclusion • The No.

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