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Rivercity Police Department (IL5) Policy Manual Use of Force force is necessary to prevent death or great bodily harm to himself or such other person. These factors include. Officers may find it more effective or practical to improvise their response to rapidly unfolding conditions they are confronting. The degree to which the subject has been effectively restrained and his/her ability to resist despite being restrained. 300. or when he/she reasonably believes that: (a) (b) Such force is necessary to prevent the arrest from being defeated by resistance or escape; and The person to be arrested has committed or attempted a forcible felony which involves the infliction or threatened infliction of great bodily harm or is attempting to escape by use of a deadly weapon. officers and suspects. It is recognized however. or otherwise indicates that he/she will endanger human life or inflict great bodily harm unless arrested without delay. Time and circumstances permitting. size.2 FACTORS USED TO DETERMINE THE REASONABLENESS OF FORCE When determining whether or not to apply any level of force and evaluating whether an officer has used reasonable force. the use of any tool. Other exigent circumstances. relative strength. In such circumstances. method or weapon of opportunity must nonetheless be objectively reasonable and utilized only to the degree reasonably necessary to accomplish a legitimate law enforcement purpose. each officer is expected to use only that degree of force reasonable under the circumstances to successfully accomplish the legitimate law enforcement purpose in accordance with this policy.2. Proximity of weapons. Use of Force ­ 30 2010/06/24 © 1995­2010 Lexipol. subjects). While various degrees of force exist. skill level. Influence of drugs/alcohol (mental capacity). A peace officer making an arrest pursuant to an invalid warrant is justified in the use of any force which he/she would be justified in using if the warrant were valid. It is recognized that officers are expected to make split­second decisions and that the amount of an officer’s time available to evaluate and respond to changing circumstances may impact his/her decision. the availability of other options (what resources are reasonably available to the officer under the circumstances). a number of factors should be taken into consideration. weapons or methods provided by the Department. LLC ***DRAFT*** . but are not limited to: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) The conduct of the individual being confronted (as reasonably perceived by the officer at the time). Officer/subject factors (age. Risk of escape. that circumstances may arise in which officers reasonably believe that it is impractical or ineffective to use any of the standard tools. unless he/she knows that the warrant is invalid (720 ILCS 5/7­5). Seriousness of the suspected offense or reason for contact with the individual. Potential for injury to citizens. injury/exhaustion and number of officers vs. Training and experience of the officer.

300. Officers may only apply those pain compliance techniques for which the officer has received departmentally approved training and only when the officer reasonably believes that the use of such a technique appears necessary to further a legitimate law enforcement purpose. Officers utilizing any pain compliance technique should consider the totality of the circumstance including. regardless of whether he/she was rendered unconscious.Rivercity Police Department (IL5) Policy Manual Use of Force 300. LLC ***DRAFT*** .. Non­deadly force applications may include but are not limited to leg restraints and control devices. Only officers who have successfully completed department­approved training on the use of the carotid restraint hold and the Department Use of Force Policy are authorized to use the technique. The level of resistance of the individual(s) involved. training and skills to assist in the apprehension and control of suspects as well as protection of officers and the public. The application of any pain compliance technique shall be discontinued once the officer determines that compliance has been achieved. The need for prompt resolution of the situation. If time permits (e.2. The nature of the offense involved.2.2. shall be promptly examined by paramedics or other qualified medical personnel. After any application of a carotid restraint hold. the officer shall ensure the following steps occur: (a) Any individual who has had the carotid restraint hold applied. but not limited to: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) The potential for injury to the officer(s) or others if the technique is not used. other reasonable alternatives.5 CAROTID RESTRAINT The proper application of the carotid restraint hold by a trained officer may be effective in restraining a violent individual. 300. An officer’s discharge of a firearm using ammunition designed to disable or control without creating the likelihood of death or great bodily harm are not considered deadly force when used in making an arrest (720 ILCS 5/7­8).3 NON­DEADLY FORCE APPLICATIONS Any application of force that is not reasonably anticipated and intended to create a substantial likelihood of death or very serious injury shall be considered non­deadly force.4 PAIN COMPLIANCE TECHNIQUES Pain compliance techniques may be very effective in controlling a passive or actively resisting individual. The degree to which the pain compliance technique may be controlled in application according to the level of resistance. described in Policy Manual §§ 306 and 308 respectively. officers shall complete training annually on the use of the carotid restraint hold. Use of Force ­ 31 2010/06/24 © 1995­2010 Lexipol. passive demonstrators).g. After initial training. Each officer is provided with equipment. The carotid restraint hold may only be used when the officer reasonably believes that the application of the hold appears necessary to prevent serious injury or death to an officer or other person(s). The potential risk of serious injury to the individual being controlled.

1 NOTIFICATION TO SUPERVISORS Supervisory notification shall be made as soon as practical following the application of physical force. The individual has been rendered unconscious. such a refusal shall be fully documented in related reports and. and accurately in an appropriate report depending on the nature of the incident. if possible. medical assistance may consist of examination by fire personnel. REPORTING FORCE 300.4 REPORTING THE USE OF FORCE Any use of physical force by a member of this department shall be documented promptly. medical assistance shall be obtained for any person(s) who has sustained visible injury. (c) (d) DEADLY FORCE APPLICATIONS 300. The use of particular weapons such as chemical agents may require the completion of additional report forms as specified in departmental policy and/or law. or any person placed in a position of providing care. that the individual has been subjected to the carotid restraint hold and whether the subject lost consciousness as a result. If any such individual refuses medical attention. other force might also be considered deadly force if the officer reasonably anticipates and intends that the force applied will create a substantial likelihood of causing death or serious bodily injury. 300. Any officer applying the carotid restraint shall promptly notify a supervisor of the use or attempted use of such hold. should be witnessed by another officer and/or medical personnel. The application of a control device. where feasible. 300. Based upon the officer’s initial assessment of the nature and extent of the subject’s injuries. whenever practical.Rivercity Police Department (IL5) Policy Manual Use of Force (b) The officer shall inform any person receiving custody.4. Under such circumstances. under any of the following circumstances: (a) (b) (c) (d) The application of force appears to have caused physical injury. The use or attempted use of the carotid restraint shall be thoroughly documented by the officer in the related incident report. expressed a complaint of an injury or continuing pain or who has been rendered unconscious.2 MEDICAL ATTENTION FOR INJURIES SUSTAINED USING FORCE Prior to booking or release. any refusal should be included. completely. The individual has expressed a complaint of pain. An officer may use deadly force to stop a fleeing suspect when the officer has probable cause to believe that the suspect has committed a forcible felony involving the infliction or threatened infliction of serious bodily injury or death and the officer reasonably believes that there is an imminent or future potential risk of serious bodily injury or death to any other person if the suspect is not immediately apprehended.3 DEADLY FORCE APPLICATIONS While the use of a firearm is expressly considered deadly force. a verbal warning should precede the use of deadly force. Use of Force ­ 32 2010/06/24 © 1995­2010 Lexipol. hospital staff or medical staff at the jail. Use of deadly force is justified in the following circumstances: (a) (b) An officer may use deadly force to protect himself/herself or others from what he/she reasonably believes would be an imminent threat of death or serious bodily injury. If an audio recording is made of the contact or an interview with the individual.4. LLC ***DRAFT*** . paramedics.

violent irrational behavior accompanied by profuse sweating. Identify any witnesses not already included in related reports. SUPERVISOR 300. extraordinary strength beyond physical characteristics. the supervisor is still expected to complete as many of the above items as circumstances permit. the supervisor is expected to: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Obtain the basic facts from the involved officer(s). LLC ***DRAFT*** . Any individual exhibiting signs of distress after such an encounter shall be medically cleared prior to booking. Review and approve all related reports. In the event that the supervisor believes that the incident may give rise to potential civil litigation.Rivercity Police Department (IL5) Policy Manual Use of Force Persons who exhibit extreme agitation. Should the supervisor determine that any application of force was not within policy. Use of Force ­ 33 2010/06/24 © 1995­2010 Lexipol. a separate internal administrative investigation shall be initiated. Ensure that photographs have been taken of any areas involving visible injury or complaint of pain as well as overall photographs of uninjured areas. unusually high tolerance to pain or who require a protracted physical encounter with multiple officers to bring under control may be at an increased risk of sudden death and should be examined by qualified medical personnel as soon as practicable. Ensure that any injured parties are examined and treated. In the event that a supervisor is unable to respond to the scene of an incident involving the reported application of force. a separate potential claim form should be completed and routed to appropriate channels.5 SUPERVISOR RESPONSIBILITY When a supervisor is able to respond to an incident in which there has been a reported application of force. Separately interview the subject(s) upon whom force was applied.

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