Virgo

28: A bald-headed man

A c c o r d i n g t o t h e On l i n e E t ym o l o gy D ic t i o na ry , t h e w o r d b a ld d e s c e n ds f r o m t h e C e l t i c ba l , a “ w h i t e p a t c h, b la z e ” t yp i ca l l y o n t h e h e a d o f a ho r s e o r o t h e r a n i ma l , u l t i m a t e l y f r o m t h e I n d o -E u r o p e a n ( I E ) r o o t b h el -1 , w h i ch m e a n s “ t o s hi n e , f l a s h , b u r n ; s hi n i n g w h i t e a n d v a r i o u s b r i g h t c o lo r s . ” 1 A m o n g i t s d e r i v a t i v e s a r e t h e w o r d s b l a c k, b l a n c h , b l a ze, bl e a c h , b l e a k,

b l e n d, b li n d, b l on d, b l ue , f l a gra nt , f l am e , f la m i n go, p h l e gm , a n d f u l ge nt .
T h e w o r d h e a d ed de s c e n d s f r o m t h e ro o t k a put ( h e a d) , a s d o t he wo r d s c a p ri ce , a c h i eve , bi c ep s, c a ddi e, c a de t , c ap i ta l ,

c a p it o l , c ap i t u l at e, c a p ta i n, ca t t le , c ha p te r, c he f , c hi e f, co rp o ra l , he a d, ke rc h i e f , a n d m i sch i e f . 2
T h e w o r d ma n i s a s s o c i a t e d w i t h t h re e d i f f e r e n t I n d o - E u r o p e a n r o ot s. T h e w o r d i t s e l f d e s c e n d s f r o m t h e I E r o o t ma n -1 w h i c h m e a n s “ ma n ” a n d f r o m w h i c h a l s o d e s c e n d m an i ki n, ma n n eq u in , m en s c h, a n d M a n u. 3 T h e I E r o o t n e r-2 m e a n s “ m a n ” a n d i t s “ b a si c s e n s e ” i s “ v i g o r o u s , v i t a l, s t r o n g . ” 4 D e r i v a t i ve s o f t h i s r o o t i n c lu d e p h i la n de r, a n dro u s , t he p re f i x

a n dro - , a n d t h e s u ff i x - a n dry. T h e G r e e k a n e r w h i c h m e a n s “ m a n ” i s a l so
r e l a t e d t o t h i s r o ot . F i n a l l y, t h e I E r o o t w i - ro a ls o m e a n s “ m a n . ” 5 A m o n g i t s d e r i va t i v e s a re t h e w o r d s vi ri le , vi rt u e, wo rl d, a n d vi rt u o s o, a n d

we re wo l f .
TH EMES : T h e f i r st t h e m e c on c e r n s E TH ICS . F i r st l y t h e r e i s f l a gra nt , a p a r o n y m o f b a ld , wh i c h m e a n s “ c o n sp i c u o u s l y b a d , o f fe n si v e , o r r e p r e h e n s i b l e . ” 6 T h e l e g a l t e r m in f l a gra n t e ( d e l i c t o) m e a n s “ i n t h e v e r y

1 2 3 4 5 6

Watkins, c. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo -European Watkins, c. (2000), The American Heritage Dictiona ry of Indo-European Watkins, c. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo -European Watkins, c. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo -European Watkins, c. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionar y of Indo-European http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/flagrant Starling Hunter © 2011 1

Roots, Roots, Roots, Roots, Roots,

p. p. p. p. p.

09 37 51 58 101

a c t o f c o m m i t t i n g a n o f f e n se ” , e s p e c i a l l y “ i n t h e a c t o f ha v i n g s e x . ” 7 A n d t h e n t h e r e i s m i sc hi e f , a p a r o n y m o f he a d t h a t m e a n s “ b e h a v i o r t h a t c a u s e s d i s c o m f i t u re o r a n n o y a n ce i n a n o t h e r” a n d “ d a ma g e , d e s t r u c t i on , o r i n j u r y c a us e d b y a s p e c i f i c p e r s on o r t h i n g . ” 8 I n m a r k e d c o n t r a s t , on e o f t h e d e r i v a t i v e s o f t h e I E r o ot wi - ro- ( ma n ) i s t h e w or d vi rt u o u s . A n o t h e r t he m e c on c e r n s A NIMA LS — t he r e i s o n e a s s o ci a t e d w i t h e a c h k e y w o r d . O n e o f t he p a r on y m s o f b a ld i s f l a m in go . On e of t h e p a r o n y m s o f h e a d i s ca t t le . A n d , o n e o f t he d e r i v a t i v e s o f t h e r o ot wi - ro - i s

we r e wo l f . A l s o r e ca l l t h a t t h e ke y w o r d b a ld d e s ce n d s f ro m a C e l t i c r o o t
t h a t r e fe r r e d t o t he w h i t e p a t c h e s c om m o n l y f o u n d o n t h e h e a d s o f h o r se o r o t h e r a n i m a l s. A n o t h e r t he m e c on c e r n s S TRENGTH . Re c a l l t ha t t he I E r oo t n e r -2 m e a n s “ m a n ” a n d t h a t i t s “ b a si c se n s e ” i s “ v i g o r o u s, v i t a l, s t r on g . ” 9 A l s o , t h r e e p a r o n y m s o f h ea d i n d i r e c t l y r e fe r t o s t re n g t h o f t he a r m s a n d l e g s , i . e . t h e m u s c le g r o u p s k n o w n a s t he bi c e ps , t ri c ep s , a n d q u a dri c ep s . A f i n a l t he m e c on ce r n s t he L AW . R e ca l l t h a t on e o f t h e p a r o n y m s o f ma n i s t he w o r d Ma n u w h i c h i n H i n du i s m r e f e r s t o t h e p r i m o r d i a l f a t h e r o r p r o g e n i t o r o f t he h u m a n r a ce a n d “ a n d s o v e r e i g n o f t he e a r t h w h o f i r s t i n s t i t u t e d r e li g i o u s c e r e m on i e s a n d d e v i s e d a c o de o f l a w s . ” 10 S e v e r a l o f t h e p a r on y m s o f h e ad re f e r t o ( 1) p l a c e s w h e re l a w s a r e m a d e a n d / o r ( 2) i n d i v i d u a l s a n d o r g a n i z a t i o n s r e sp o n si b le f or t h e i r p r o t e ct i o n a n d e n fo r c e m e n t . T h e s e i n c l u d e c a pi t a l ( a t ow n o r c i t y t ha t i s t h e o f f i ci a l se a t o f g o v e r n m e n t i n a p ol i t i ca l e n t i t y, s u c h a s a st a t e o r n a t i o n ) , ca pi t o l ( a b u i l d i n g o r c o mp l e x o f b u i l d i n g s i n wh i c h a st a t e l e g i s l a t u re m e e t s ) , C a p it o l ( t h e b u i l d i n g i n W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , w h e r e t h e C o n g r e s s o f t he U n i t e d S t a t e s me e t s) , c a p ta i n ( a p r e c i n c t c o m m a n d e r i n a p o li c e d e p a r t me n t ) , c h ie f , a n d c o rp ora l .

7 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/flagrante+delicto 8 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/mischief 9 Watkins, c. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo -European Roots, p. 58 10 h t t p : / / e d u c a t i o n . y a h o o . c o m / r e f e r e n c e / d i c t i o n a r y / e n t r y / m a n u Starling Hunter © 2011 2

C l e a r l y , t he s e t h e me s p r o v i d e t h e r a w c o n c e p t u a l ma t e ri a l f r o m w h i c h m a n y p o li c e a n d p o l i t i ca l d r a m a s a r e c o n s t r u c t e d . T h e se e sp e c i a l l y i n c l u d e s t o r i e s a b ou t c o r r u p t i on a n d / o r e t h i c s v i o l a t i o n s b y t h e p o li c e , c i t y o f f i c i a l s, a n d p o l i t i ci a n s .

Starling Hunter © 2011

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