Rainwater Harvesting System at Star City

UNESCAP Wo.

rkshop, M~rch 31, 2009, Seoul, Korea

Rainwater Research Center Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

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Contents
1. Description of Star City Rainwater System

."
I

2. Short Term Climate Change Adaptation: Example o~ Urban Flooding Mitigation by Rainwater 3. Long Term Climate Change Adaptation: Example of Energy Saving in Water Supply Using Rainwater 4. Eco-Efficient Water Management Policy of Seoul ,5. Conclusion

I. The Star City Rainwater Management System
• Eeo-friendly a,nd eonOiet tree• CIiDlate eha,nge adaptation

Description of Star-city

Jayang-dong, Gwangj,jn~,

seoUl,

Korea

Area Usage

TQtal : 62,500 m2 Building: 16,867 m! Residmd &. Commercial COmplex: Nov. 2006

·A large-scale residential and commercial complex located in Seoul~ Korea ·Well-designed garden in the complex as an eco friendly space in urban area

Star city- RWH system
Tank capacity Catchment Area (M) Rainwater Usage 3,000ton (1,000tonx3 tanks) Terrace Roof 45,000 6,200

·COllection of rainwater up.to the. first rairtfaII of tOO mm

Gardening, Brook, Public toilet

the garden iflg

the~

StarCity

Jayang-dong 1I Seoul

For
For Flooq For Wat~rr
~fficetel, ; Cultural

October. 2003 ,_ March. 2007

Multipurpose use of rainwater
Supply

• Flood mitigation • Water conservation • For emerqency

Rainwat .............. er

T ap water

-I II

Lft

'Ii'

Monitoring and controlling the' water level for prevention of reg ional flooding

• Rainwater use
50000
..... ro
(f)

100% .....
ro
(f)

rn
:::l

rn
:::l

40000 30000
0

80%

._

....... ro

6)

:?
c
._ E m
:::l

rr

60% 40% 20% 0%

:?--_~ 2f2
._

._ 6) ....... ro

ro .___.,_
6) 6) ~

-U} -::

-u .......
.......

-u ..___ 20000
.......
6)

ro

:::l

E

10000 0 3 5 7 Month (2007) 9 11

E

:::l

:::l

<1:

u u

<1:

u u

2 million

tons

• Quality - turbidity
Turbidity
2.5

=>

Below 2 NTU
2

I-

z
""'0

---1 5 >..
...c
L..

••• ••

1

::Ji

I- 0.5

o• o


I

• • •• ••• •• • • •• • •
I

••

•• • • ••

..

• •• • • •• •

....

I

I

I


60

10

20

30

40

50

rvbnitoring data

: 0-1.5 NTU

• Quality - pH
pH
9 8
~

c·... · T+
••••••
r-

..
•• •••••

.. .....
+

7r

... ••*

6 5

o

10

20

30

40

50

60

rv10 nita ring date

Store'd rainwater is neutral

Climate change

Urbanization

, ~.~:-::---;;- ~nnC:;:~:st ..:....;;;: __~~-~. ,-

Aging infrastructure

Reduction of the risk by supplementing with decentralized water management system.

t.ceat Rainwater (Jfiftzation Ratio ;:::

Amount of rainwater utilization

{lRLJRJ

0'-'/0

2. Short tenn Climate Change Adaptation: Example oeUrban Flooding Mitigation by Rainwater System

Ii

Rainfall

II

Discharge

I

" " " ,1
I I I

peak flow» max capacity

DD
~.O.

DO
Flood breaking tt!

Building rooftop

Drainage pipe

..i..

R

p

I

..

D

,I,,

I

, 0' , ,
I I I

DO DO· •

35
30

..-..
.r:
.......

...

25
-0mYIE!I!1Ir

"c

--' ca
.i:

20

'-D!' I~-O

-l:1- :30ye1aJlr

-o-5C1Y!E!:8lr

a

GJ 1H_-_:"-:'_ OJ

a.

--v- MJOYlear
,_l _

I

---01

<,

-

__

I 1 I

I

5

o

o

11

2'

31

4,5

61

t

19 9.8 11 1:2 '1:3 1411~5 Tan k vollu mia( Irnf,/1 DO nt'II
81

1116 117 '181 '19 20

3. Long Term CHmate Change Adaptation: Example of Energy Sa17ingin Water Supply by Rainwater

Private No Transmission

Case 1: Supply water from water purification

plant to virtual city

Dam
Water purificati Plant 1. Purification energy Vi rtu al City

Case 2: Grey water system Case 3: Rainwater harvesting system

long mileage vs. short mileage!

o ..,
::::s

I:

2.0

_.

...-. ........ 1.0.£"'1"'1

...

unit: kWh

E 1.5
en I: o
u
~

1.1177
1.1857

1.0

m
I:

~ 0.5

0.0 tap water

I

I

0.0012
rai nw ater

gray water

Ene rgy consumption in transmission
-... Using Decentralized Water Supply System save a lot of energy

Water saving quantity per year : 40,000 tons

-+

Energy saving per year : 72,.928 kWh

II
1 liter petroleum = 9.94 kWh (in power plant)

7·.3tons of petroleum will be saved + About $6,000 is saved
(1 bbl = 158.9 liter, 1 bbl = $130)

4. Hainwater on in SeoullNlsed for Ubiqllitous Rainwater ManagelDent
(in efTeetsinee Dee,2005)

Wf:)o~h!er "roretast frQm K(Wea Melteo:mlogi,cal A(jmliniS;1!ratim~1

G"uoffiae A

For W'atelf

Remote Rainwater Tank Monitoring system

SeouiCitTs New Rainwater Po6cy
(announeed on Sep 4, 2008)

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Seoul City's New Rainwater Policy to make a Water Circulation Type Green City (Sep 4,

."
2008)
I

From Drain to Storage For all By four(4) Ails
Collect all Rainwater Using all means From all places By all the people

Green City by Rainwater Storage, Infiltration and Utilization at all the urban area

I

Mandatory installation of storage I infiltration at all possible places Subsidy program, incentive program At all development, redevelopment,

• MOU for Rain-city
(b/w Suwon city and UNEP-SNU Rainwater Research Center)

Rainwater

./

Groundwate,I(4°(~) Local water suppi 3%) G raywater (3
/
1---

~-_--=--

\. ,

I ~

---

-

----=-

/

Rai.nwater ~-Stdrage and lnflltratlon ~Groundwater recharge and - ~U nderqrou nd-Dam . / • ·Wa~~rIndepen~llcY-R~tiO
!

--"'-.

I

I;xternal Supply 89%
(~ulti~regional water supply} ~ .

· 160 million ton/year r::

.. ~ , ... 120"-rnilfiQn ton/year
\

\__

5Q%.
Total water usage: 1,09millionXLPCD31 OLX365days=123millionm3/year

--

_._

II Rainwater: 21 ,07km2X1335mm=161 miilion m3/year

Rainwater facility factory

Science

Rainwater garden

Rainwater Museum

International Rainwater film festival

Rainwater Toilet

Rainwater swimming pool

,,~,S~.. . t:;.~-

Potable rainwater bottle

Rainwater tour

r

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.:. Star City Rainwater Harvesting System is a model EcoEfficient Water Infrastructure • Short term CC adaptation by reducing flooding risk • Long term CC mitigation by reducing the energy consumption .:. The successful Rainwater management system at Star City triggered to change the rainwater policy in Seoul Metropolitan Government. • "Rainwater, From Drain to store, for a green City" • New Policy "Four Ails for all "

Mooyoung Han"

Background

RWH system installation

.----• Emotional relationship

Banda Aceh, Indonesia
Tsunami

Water problem

Laixa, Vietnam
Polluted water sources Existing water supply Poor operation

Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Banda Aceh, Indonesia, and Hanoi, Vietnam

New storage system - light, foldable, easy to carry

Simple technologies for water quality

Capacity building - working wI local volunteers

Modification of existing facilities

.....----,

l..........fila'"""

S~Ul'KIUt

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.:. RWH system is the first option for developing country water supply
• Simple, low cost, low energy • Clean and easy to maintain -7 appropriate for developing country
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.:. Innovative ideas can improve applicability .:. Love and Care also can be build through RWH system

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