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Prove that for a hexagonal geometry, the co-channel reuse ratio is given by

Q = 3N , where N = i 2 + ij + j 2 . Hint : Use the cosine law and the hexagonal cell geometry.

A cellular service provider decides to use a digital TDMA scheme which can tolerate a signal-to-interference ratio of 15 dB in the worst case. A receiver in an urban cellular radio system detects a 1 mW signal at d=d0=1 meter from the transmitter. (b) 120o sectoring. Determine the major radius of each cell if a seven-cell reuse pattern is used.Q2. Q3. and (c) 60o sectoring. Find the optimal value of N for (a) omnidirectional antennas. In order to mitigate co-channel interference effects. which case (120o or 60o) should be used? (Assume a path loss exponent of n=4 and consider trunking efficiency). What is the major radius if a four-cell reuse pattern is used? . it is required that the signal received at any base station receiver from another base station transmitter which operates with the same channel must be below -120 dB. Should sectoring be used? If so. A measurement team has determined that the average path loss exponent in the system is n=3.

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determine the probability that a user will experience a delay greater than 20 seconds if all calls are queued.Q4. 30 of which are designated as setup (control) channels so that there are about 90 voice channels available per cell. . It is operated with 660 channels. A cellular system using a cluster size of seven is described in Q3. and each user makes an average of one call per hour and each call lasts 1 minute during peak hours. If there is a potential user density of 9000 users/km2 in the system.

Find the number if voice channels and number of control channels for each carrier. of duplex? What is the bandwidth for each channel? (b) Assume a base station transmits control information on channel 352.56 MHz. what is the distance between the centers of two nearest co-channel cells for seven-cell reuse? For four-cell reuse? . (d) For an ideal hexagonal cellular layout which has identical cell coverage. (c) The A-side and B-side cellular carriers evenly split the AMPS channels. half-duplex.S. AMPS system is allocated 50 MHz of spectrum in the 800MHz range and provides 832 channels. The forward channel frequency is exactly 45 MHz greater than the reverse channel frequency. What is the transmission frequency of a subscriber unit transmitting on channel 352. (a) Is the AMPS simplex.Q5. 42 of those channels are control channels. The U. operating at 880.

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The carrier frequency is 6 GHz and free space propagation is assumed. .Q6. Gt = 1 and Gr = 1 . (a) Find the power at the receiver. assuming that the receiver antenna has a purely real impedance of 50Ω and is matched to the receiver. (c) Find the rms voltage applied to the receiver input. Assume a receiver is located 10km from a 50 W transmitter. (b) Find the magnitude of the E-field at the receiver antenna.

Q7. 100m. (b) Calculate the received signal power at these distances. (a) Calculate the free space path loss at 1m. Free space propagation: Assume the transmitter power is 1W at 60 GHz fed into the transmitter antenna (Assume Gt = Gr = 29 dB and Pt = 30 dBm). (c) What is the rms voltage received at the antenna if the receiver antenna has purely real impedance of 50Ω and is matched to the receiver? . 1000m.

Assume d1 = d 2 = 500m and h = 10m in Figure 1. From the knife-edge diffraction model. show how the diffracted power depends on frequency. (4.18) α p1 p2 h β d1 d2 γ Figure 1 .Q8.

and 20km from the same transmitter for the following path loss models: (a) Free space. If the received power at a reference distance d 0 = 1km is equal to 1 microwatt. 5km. find the received power at distance of 2km. . (b)n=3. (d)two-ray ground reflection using the exact expression.Q9. Assume f=1800MHz. 10km. hr=3m. (c)n=4. Gt = Gr = 0 dB. ht=40m.

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Q10. Assume a SNR of 25dB is desired at the receiver.28) . and the AMPS receiver uses a 0dB gain antenna and has a 10dB noise figure. If a 900MHz cellular transmitter has an EIRP of 100W. and d 0 = 1km . Assume n=4. (4. find the percentage of time that the desired SNR is achieved at distance of 10km from the transmitter. σ =8dB.

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