Human Resource Planning

-Importance of HR Planning

-Assessing Organization’s Strategy
Presented by: Durga Prasad Baral Subject: HRM Course: M. Phil., Semester-2 (KUSOED) September 2008

Training and Development. Motivation & Maintenance ) • Getting and Keeping good people is critical to the success of every organization whether it be public or private .Some facts • HRM= People Dimension in Management • HRM has 4 steps: ATMM (Acquisition.

• What is that? That is………… “Change” .There is only one constant in the universe.

Human Resource Management ) . Dev Raj. G.What is HR Planning ? • Human Resource Planning is the process by which an organization ensures that it has the right number and kind of people. ( Source: Decenzo and Robbins 2000. It ensures that the organization has the right number of employees in the right place at the right time.Human Resource Management ) •Employment planning is the process of formulating plans to fill future openings based on an analysis of the positions that are exppected to be opeb and whether these will be filled by inside or outside candidates. ( Source: Dessler. ( Source: Adhikari. 2001. capable of effectively and efficiently completing those tasks that will help the organization achieve its overall objectives. 2000. Personnel/Human Resource Management)) • HR/ Manpower Planning is the process of acquiring and utilizing human resources in the organization. at the right places. at the right time.

Teletype. Email.Trends in Human Resource Management Work Force Diversity •Women Participation (Example: In U.) •Attraction to White Collar and professional jobs .S. average life expectancy etc. 45.) •Technological Change ( Example: •Stenograph.7% in 2005) •Racial Composition ( Example: Inclusion of different race and communal group) •Portion of Ageing work force ( Example: retirement age.5% in 1979. Tele-seminar etc. Fax. 47.

) •Job sifting from one place to another ( Example: Tendency to use cheaper workforce.Trends in Human Resource Management Globalization/Changing Economy •Production globalization (Example: same product from different countries. garments) •High performance work system .) •Manufacturing plant in different countries ( Example: Sony in Malaysia. production of different accessories-parts in different countries) •International competition of market ( Example: automobile. e. electronics. g. knowledge industries etc.

race. religion. •Health and occupational safety rules are also affect HRM. . disability. sex.Trends in Human Resource Management Other Trends: •Changing legal provisions such as equal opportunity laws are being passed which bars discrimination on the basis of age. national origin etc.

Why Human Resource Planning is important ? Linking business strategy with operational strategy: HRP is an important process to maintain the link between business strategy and it operation. It follows different procedures including the need to assess the impact of technological changes on new jobs and new skills (Example: Nepal Telecom staff used to operate Wireless Set before. but at present complex IT equipments must to handle.) .

Why Human Resource Planning is important ? Minimizing the risk of loosing: By forecasting the needs of technical and other human resources it can minimize the future risk of loosing. (Example: Government run banks are compelled to upgrade own staff by providing latest skills and knowledge to them to compete with other fast growing banking organizations. Delay in recognizing human resources might be costly and expensive in the future.) .

So. educational institutions have to be aware of that) . (Example: When curriculum has to be changed. required knowledge and skills of teachers/instructors should be developed prior to implement the new curriculum. Any investment in the HR activities is considered an investment for the future growth and development of the organization.Why Human Resource Planning is important ? HRP needs for HRD : HRP is important for planning the investment in the development and utilization of human resources.

qualification.Why Human Resource Planning is important ? HRP is pro-active. not reactive : For solving any sort of future HR problem HRP is pro-active rather than re-active. possible future demand of trade unions) . (Example: HRP might be helpful to accommodate government legislation regarding inclusion.

Why Human Resource Planning is important ? HRP is not in isolation : HRP recognizes that there must be an explicit link between planning function of human resources and other organizational functions. . such as strategic planning and market forecasting.

Why Human Resource Planning is important ? HRP is promotes awareness : HRP promotes the awareness that human resource activities are equally important at every level of the organization. . Both lone and staff managers have to be involved in HR planning activities.

.Assessing Human Resource Strategy How strategy affects? The organization’s objectives and strategies for the future determine future need of human resources. It means number and mix of human resources are reaction to the overall organizational strategy.

. If accurate estimates are to be made of future demand in both qualitative and quantitative terms.Assessing Human Resource Strategy Implications of future demands Projection of future human resource needs and future direction of the organization is done basing upon the assessment of its current human resources situation. year by year analysis for every job level and type is necessary. So. Organization usually needs heterogeneous mix of people but it is not easy task to maintain all type of people in the organization. a lot of information is required.

increasing and decreasing of human resources is normal. So.Assessing Human Resource Strategy Implications of future supply Increase and decrease of future human resources assessed by estimating changes in internal supply looking at different factors of changes. .

.Assessing Human Resource Strategy Increasing supply Increment in human resource supply can be done by combination of following sources: • New hiring : easily predictable with high accuracy • Transfer of personnel: affects in other unit and so difficult. In this situation the organization can not fire the employee as per legislation. military service. These are easy to estimate as they are for fixed period. But difficulties arises when the period exceeds not from the cause of the organization. • Individuals returning from long leaves: Such as maternity.

Assessing Human Resource Strategy Decreasing supply Decrease in human resource supply can be done by combination of following sources: • Retirements : easily predictable with high accuracy but very difficult to forecast voluntary quits. especially to the universities teachers usually with full salary paying. prolonged illness and deaths. • Dismissals: It can be forecast within reasonable limits of accuracy. • Sabbaticals: easy to predict as it is given to the employees in frequent intervals. .

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