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by ALEJANDRO JOSEPH E. VERCELES
An undergraduate thesis proposal Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for ARCH 199.1: Design Thesis Proposal College of Architecture University of the Philippines July 2011
i-CON of Sport, Verceles
Filipinos prove their courage in sports as they harvest medals in different events. In the
international level, Filipinos stamp their marks as they prove to be the best among the best.
There are six major sports in the Philippines. These are basketball, boxing, billiards, bowling, football and volleyball. Some of these sports events have rewarded the country richly and produced world champions like Paeng, Coo, Bata, Django, Amang, Flash, Pancho, Onyok, Caloy and Manny.
Other sports include baseball, american football, swimming, underwater diving, kayaking, sailing, wind surfing, cockfighting, horse racing, motor racing and jai-alai are also appreciated.
In the past few years, boxing has grown its popularity among Filipinos as more and more Filipino boxers have been continuously bringing pride and glory to the country through sports. As boxing had made a name among Filipino households, so did the Philippines made a name in the international scene of sport.
During the past months, Philippine football has been getting a lot of following and attention lately thanks to the Philippine Azkals- our national football team. They brought the honor and the love for football back in our country and that they can carry our flag high. In the near future, football (touted as the game suited for Filipinos as playing the game doesn’t require much of height in order to excel in the sport) could be the number one sport in the country. Having a good training facility further increases the competency of our athletes and at the same time put the country in the world of football. The state-of-the-art stadium will be the home of our national football team.
Recent years have seen a flurry of activity in the sports stadium sector around the world, compromising both construction and the expansion of existing structures. A significant part of this activity involves the provision of facilities serving notionally “national” sport infrastructure needs. The importance of sport as a trigger for tourism and leisure activities has also been observed, both in terms of its sociological drivers and effects and as a motivation for travel, either for participation or spectation.
Many countries have a national stadium, which typically serves as the primary or exclusive home for one or more of a country’s national representative sports teams. Usually, a national stadium will be in or very near a country’s capital city or largest city. It is generally (but
i-CON of Sport, Verceles
Spain Mexico City. Aztec Stadium 1939 1947 1910 1957 1966 18. whether it is historical significance.not always) the country’s largest and most lavish sports venue.1 Top Ten Stadiums in the World Seeing as there are so many enormous stadiums scattered across the world.000 82. or technical wizardry. Japan 1998 72. Spain Manchester. it is also used by a club team. 1. it would take more than size into account when honing them down to a top ten list. Camp Nou 10.000 100. architectural beauty. China Tehran. Azadi Stadium 4.354 105. Verceles 3 . Iran Rio de Janeiro. Monaco Madrid. Brazil Melbourne. Estadio de Maracana 5. as well as the first time that the tournament has been hosted by two countries simultaneously. International Stadium Yokohama football & athletics football & athletics football football football & cricket football & athletics football football football football Yokohama. England Barcelona.354 75. Melbourne Cricket Grounds Beijing. Mexico 2008 1971 1950 1854 80.000 1. Stade Louis II 7. Santiago Bernabeu Stadium 8. i-CON of Sport. Australia Fontvieille.018 6. Stadium Name Use Location Opened Capacity 1. In many but not all cases.327 2. but rather.238 100. Old Trafford 9.500 80. the unique characteristics each venue brought to the table. Beijing National Stadium 3. Judgments were not made on the basis of any strict criteria. International Stadium Yokohama 2002 marked the first time that a World Cup tournament has taken place in an Asian country. The Japanese were certainly enthused they accommodated the 2002 World Cup final game.957 99.
International turmoil aside. it should come as no surprise that Brazil boast’s the world’s second largest stadium in Maracana.000. When you think of one. it is the largest stadium in Australia and for that matter.000. but could prove appealing to the more adventure-oriented. the building was designed to accommodate 100. Given this level of fanaticism. and its structure. is considered a must-see for travelers.The point of pride for the Yokohama’s designers is the pitch itself: despite its orientation in an indoor facility. 4. The stadium is also the symbolic spiritual heart i-CON of Sport. until recently. two massive replay screens at either end of the field. one of the largest in the world. The Maracan was built for the 1950 World Cup tournament. you think of the other. Verceles 4 . Estadio de Maracana Brazil and soccer. a number that is frequently exceeded by as much as 30. which staged the 2008 Summer Olympic Games. Accompanying this marvel is a movable roof. Melbourne Cricket Grounds With a capacity of 100. the MCG or the G as locals call it.000 people. Azadi Stadium Iran may not be the ideal vacation spot for families or honeymooners. 5. the grass on the field is natural. with an official capacity of approximately 125. 2. It has been nicknamed the “bird’s nest” due to the web of twisting steel sections that form the roof. in cricket. has remained untouched. Beijing National Stadium Located at the south of the centerpiece Olympic Green in Beijing. arranged to eliminate the appearance of any shadows on the field. and a collection of 824 lights. is a stunning landmark. Iran is still a safe and beautiful country to visit.000. It also hosted the Summer Paralympics 2008 and Race of Champions 2009. Built in preparation for the 1974 Asian Games. 3. And azadi Stadium. This hands-off approach to stadium maintenance left Maracana imbued with historical significance and a mecca for architecture and soccer enthusiasts alike.
the Louis II is home to fine boutiques and office space. and arguably most successful. After the Chamartin was destroyed in the Spanish Civil War. David Beckham and Sir Alex Ferguson. This building doesn’t boast much in the way of history. which was completed in 1937. 7. Overall the complex is more impressive. Camp Nou edges it out by a hair. when they moved into the Chamartin Stadium. grandiose and the fans. Old Trafford The richest sports club in the world (Manhester United) also plays in one of the most venerated stadiums on the planet. i-CON of Sport. Santiago Bernabeu Stadium Real Madrid is one of Europe’s oldest. but it stands out nonetheless by virtue of its architectural magnificence.of sport in the country. The MCG is known as the jewel of the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. On the global stage. Just the name Old Trafford alone is enough to evoke images of the iconic structure. having been inaugurated in 1985 as a replacement for the original Louis II Stadium. soccer squads. the team did not have their own venue until 1924. Verceles 5 . Camp Nou Feel free to make yor case Real Madrid fans. this place is plush – sporting facilities aside.000 capacity. and its home stadium enjoys a history that is nearly as rich. Although it is granted to Santiago Bernabeu the elite status among world stadiums. hardly rivals other venues in terms of size. much rowdier. In keeping with the surrounding city. Stade Louis II This stadium is a fairly new one. and at a 20. let alone of giants like George Best. Sir Bobby Charlton. 9. Although the club was founded in 1902. 6. club president Santiago Berbaneu commissioned the construction of this building on the same ground. and is renowned as one of the most comfortable stadiums in Europe. 8.
1. Estadio Azteca is simply colossal. Azteca is home to the legendary Club America and draws massive crowds for the Mexico City squad. Verceles 6 .2 List of Stadiums in the Philippines i-CON of Sport. The official capacity of 115.000 makes it the third largest stadium in the world. Aztec Stadium One of the most impressive stadiums in which to catch a football match.10.
they played their home matches at the Manila Carnival Grounds.1 List of stadiums in the Philippines. Iloilo Sports Complex. The continued use for athletics along with poor maintenance has deteriorated the stadium and the 1991 Southeast Asian Games was the last time it was used for international football matches. sport is a unifying factor for the nation. The latter was recently considered to host the semifinal matches of the 2010 AFF Suzuki Cup between the Philippines and Indonesia. i-CON of Sport. it has been the venue of the Philippine national team. Since its opening. One of the facilities within the complex is the 30.3 Rizal Memorial Stadium.Our National Stadium During the early years of the Philippine national team. capacity and year of opening 1. In the Philippines. Verceles 7 . it has also become a hub for athletics. Other stadiums used were Barotac Nuevo Plaza Field.000 capacity national stadium. Sport is a tool for social reform and it fosters values like solidarity. However. teamwork and discipline towards nation building. location. Also shown above are functions (use). By 1934 it became the site of the Rizal Memorial Sports Complex. known as the Rizal Memorial Track and Football Stadium or simply the Rizal Memorial Stadium (RMS). but was disqualified for not satisfying the standards of the ASEAN Football Federation. PhilSports Stadium and the Panaad Stadium.Table 1.
4. The term recreation implies participation to be healthy refreshing mind and body.1 Proposed Multi-use Stadium Over the past two decades. amusement. 1. car shows. Typical environmental issues and concerns about the development of a new stadium include the following: 1. Multi-use sportsfields are defined as those devoted to a variety of functions. but also economically and environmentally irresponsible. Some of these fields also may used for parking and camping.4 Sport Center Recreational activities are often done for enjoyment.3. 3. most of the following problems can be mitigated to satisfy neighbors. including two or more sports activities. and more. the government should address the shortage of sports facilities in the country and the need to prioritize mass sports as a vehicle for empowering the people. 5. Verceles 8 . i-CON of Sport. increased vehicular traffic large numbers of noisy and often aggressive fans/ pedestrians noise from events bright building and event lighting overshadowing of adjacent buildings lack of activity around the stadium at non-event times inappropriate scale of the project in relation to its surroundings With good analysis. Despite the opportunity for these projects to be energetic public nodes in cities.Recognizing the impact of sports on nationalism. 7. 1. film shoots. focusing on revenue generation while sacrificing greater public venues. design and operational controls. sports facilities have become disposable buildings. their development has been giuded by a narrow user group. Worse. 2. or pleasure and are considered to be “fun”. 6. they are often irrelevant or irreverent to the communities they serve. The idea that the best sports facilities must be singular in purpose has resulted in facilities that are not only inflexible. Non-sports uses may include concerts.
however. work. The sport center will be a state-of-the-art facility dedicated to the celebration of Filipino sports and their significance in our lives and culture. It will also serve as a central location for hosting nationally visible sports-related events. It would be the place for domestic and international visitors to experience the thrill. and history of Philippine sports. Pressure is often put on to inrease the field size or to include a running track. surrounding a football field with a running track in a modern stadium should be avoided. The researcher will deal with spaces that are expertly deemed i-CON of Sport. Some factors that account for an increased role of recreation are affluence. The center will offer exhibits and events that allow visitors to appreciate a variety of sports. coaches.1 Limitations Though one of the goals of this project is to create a stadium that will host international competitions and alike. social duties. Almost all barangays have several multi-purpose gyms which are ideal venues for basketball.Humans spend their time in activities of daily living. players. Perhaps the largest cities of the world. among others. Unfortunately. might be capable of satisfying the needs of football and athletics. Private sponsors put up sports clinics to encourage the youth to engage in healthy recreation. and badminton tournaments. volleyball. and leisure. the latter time being free from prior commitments to physiologic or social needs. value. such requirements are unavoidable. this will result in a much less successful facility than a football stadium that is specifically built around the football field’s dimensions. The inclusion of the sport center will increase the utilization and improve the financial viability of the stadium. But it is not in the scope of this study to address the details surrounding the museum’s functions. sleep. cities and fans. teams.0 SETTING 2. Some public parks are also sites for exercise programs that include aerobics and dance exercises. with very large budgets and the objective of hosting the Olympic Games one day. the development towards the game of football will be the main focus of the stadium proper. Occassionally. a prerequisite of recreation. population trends and increased commercialization of recreational offerings. Verceles 9 . For a third world country like the Philippines. 2.
2. the researcher shall carry on the project with the assumption that the PSC. These factors are not just concerned with the physical make-up of the location but also the present situational conditions of the area. 2.2 Assumptions Some aspects of the research shall be assumed based on the results of the feasibility study that will be undertaken. in determining the seating capacity of the stadium for major international matches shall be based on FIFA standard of at least 30. b.4 Site Study Several factors were considered in the site selection of the project. In addition to these. i-CON – abbreviation term for Interactive-Based. i-CON of Sport. Meanwhile. Lastly. Sport Center – The sport center will be a world-class.necessary on the center’s goal to educate Filipinos the significance of sports. POC and PFF along with the Senate will sought an act with the intention to develop football. and increase awareness of the benefits of physical education and recreational sports.3 Definition of Terms a. other aspects included were the specific needs of the project as a structure and a facility.000 people. A term applied by the researcher which refers to the facility of the stadium and the sport center in general. These shall include assumptions regarding the source and amount of funds to be utilized for the complex as well as the actual possibility of its presence. promote sports excellence. interactive-based. Civic-Oriented Nucleus (of sports). Verceles 10 . 2. civic-oriented museum dedicated to the celebration of Filipino sports and their significance in our lives and culture. and promote sports excellence as a whole. develop opportunities for sports participation.
3 Access to Mass Transit While it is normal for the arrival of spectators at the stadium to be spread over a sufficiently lengthy period to prevent undue congestion near the turnstiles. A stadium with ambitions to host international events is more attractive to event holders if it is within comfortable reach of hotels and active commercial environments and at least one international airport. resulting in significant space i-CON of Sport.4.2. Also larger sites increase the possibility of providing adequate on-site parking areas – a requirement which will probably remain for the foreseeable future. the majority of spectators will seek to leave the stadium at the same time.4. and motorways and parking that can be used by others when games are not being played. potential for investment and contribution to regeneration programmes need to be borne in mind in examining options for a sport center’s location. and canals immediately adjacent on all sides. 2. Verceles 11 . The ultimate location would probably be a large city-centre site with good access to public transport. Identifying the best location for a new “sport center” needs careful consideration. 2. factors such as physical accessibility. synergy with other cultural and allied facilities.4. Their location is one of the key factors in their accessibility. major roads. buildings. Many famous stadiums around the world are in heavily developed locations with roads.2 Proximity to Commercial Area The proximity of the stadium/ sportscenter to the city proper or to a commercial area is an important factor in a way that it is easily accessible. and a determining factor behind who visits them and how successful they are in meeting their mission. Their renovation and redevelopment possibilities are restricted by their limited site size and this is not a desirable situation.1 Site Size and Location A stadium should be situated in a location which is sufficiently large to provide spacious and safe external public circulation/activity areas and marshalling space for service vehicles and functions. This reduces the possibility that large parking areas will be used for as little as 100 to 200 hours per year. The sportscenter location may be strength or it may be a weakness. The availability of sufficient external space will also allow for future extension or redevelopment.
This would include water supply lines. Criteria North Triangle Quezon City Rating Royal Driving Range Brgy.4. Along with this. To prevent such quandary. The transition will occur over time and until the lands are developed for the intended use.7 Chosen Site and Justification There are two sites that have been considered to site the stadium. namely: North Triangle (Part of QC-CBD Plan) and Royal Ace Golf Driving Range.4 Utilities As with other complexes that support a large number of users. Buffer zones and public spaces around the property will enlarge the site twice as much (10 hectares). Verceles 12 .4. Quezon City The driving range is about 5 hectares. Matandang Balara.requirements.4.4. sewerage line. the use of these lands will be restricted to existing uses. 5 3 i-CON of Sport. 2.6 Land Compatibility This plan provides direction to the zoning by-law for the future development of the lands within the city’s jurisdiction. Matandang Balara. a reliable mass transit system adjacent to the stadium should be considered. the project would indeed benefit if adequate utility lines are already present in the site.5 Land Availability It is very important that there is a buildable land still available in the site with an appropriate size fit to build such a stadium. Brgy. 2. Site Size & Location The site is about 30 hectares situated at the QC Triangle Exchange. Land availability not only means the presence of such land but the possibility of actually acquiring it. 2. Both sites are in Quezon City. Having such would eliminate the need and the cost for demolition. Rating 1. It may also be included within the locality’s allocated area for sports and recreation. 2. the land must be within the bounds of the land use zoning plan imposed by the local government. electricity lines and even telephone lines.
Manila Water Co. telecomm. telecomm. 4 3. telephone & internet services Solid Waste Disposalgovernment collection system Residential Zone (as of year 2000. the country eventually will be recognized as top destinations for sports tourist in the region and at the same time provide leisure activities. Don Antonio Badminton Court. 3 SCORE: 28/30 21/30 Table 2. EDSA Highway and MRT North Station is just one block away. postal. West of the site is the Commonwealth Avenue.4. Communication. Land Availability 4 The driving range is privatelyowned by businessman Anthony Causon. the sportscenter would further increase i-CON of Sport. Informal settlers occupy some part of the site. MRT7 line will be situated along Commonwealth Avenue and a station will be positioned adjacent to the site. 5 1 6. One of four districts included in QCCBD Master Plan. Access to Mass Transit 4 5 4. Inc.1 With such a facility.Maynilad Water Services.2.Meralco Water. General – International Recognition 2. Proximity to Commercial Area The site is located east of Trinoma Mall and SM City North EDSA.served by print broadcast.served by print broadcast. Land Compatibility Mixed-use Commercial Zone (QC-CBD Master Plan) It is owned by National Housing Authority. Power. The facility will be for interaction of athletes at all levels as well as an exciting sporting venue for community members seeking an active lifestyle. In the same way.Meralco Water. postal. Power. Utilities 5 Communication.5 Significance of the Study The creation of the state-of-the-art multi-use football stadium would benefit the country in many aspects. MRT-7 line will be situated along North Avenue adjacent to the site. updating in progress) 5 5.1 Site Selection 2. Verceles 13 . telephone & internet services Solid Waste Disposalgovernment collection system 5 The site is located just across the Don Antonio Drive south of Ever Gotesco Mall (Commonwealth) and East of Shopwise Commonwealth.
2 The site occupies a total of 10 hectares (including buffer zones) north of Diliman i-CON of Sport.1 Quezon City North Triangle Exchange (a 50 hectare land of the QC-CBD Master Plan) Figure 2.Figure 2. Verceles 14 .
good training facilities and investment.4. It is very much a choice for those in charge of its development.6 Initial Space Program 2. 2.3 The sport center aims to educate Filipinos the significance of sports. Construction typically consume large amounts of materials. more modern designs. promote sports excellence. Specific – Celebration of Philippine Sports 2.2 A lot of coaches and concerned citizens whose aim is to promote and develop the level of football in the country expressed that rather than a shortage of ability.000 people. i-CON of Sport.4.6. Verceles 15 . for major FIFA international matches a stadium should seat at least 30. However. With such a facility. the goal is to create a healthy built environment based on resource efficient and ecological principles.4 Architecture and Construction Architecture presents a unique challenge in the field of sustainability. they attributed it to lack of unity.1 Multi-use Stadium There are no known formulas for determining a stadium’s optimum capacity. Specific – Philippine Football 2. Though the stadium will be of visionary in terms of architecture design. and would develop opportunities for sports participation among Filipinos. we will indeed gain more recognition in the sport of football in the international scene.the nation’s awareness in the value of sports and its history. develop opportunities for sports participation. 2. produce tons of waste and often involve weighing the preservation of buildings that have historical significance against the desire for the development of newer. and increase awareness of the benefits of physical education and recreational sports.4.
Visitors could watch presentations of sports-related videos. A unique café and a fine dining restaurant i-CON of Sport. and are resources for the center. architecture and others.2 Sport Center As a civic-oriented attraction. sports halls of fame. physical mechanics and more. Each sports-specific room within the sport center will touch on the sport’s history. Immersion Theater This is the multimedia area of the sport center. arts. A. Special Event Spaces Each room will feature artifacts. greatest Filipino sports figure and moments. Hall of Halls The sport center will display a ring of individual tributes to Philippine sports. toys. E. the sport center’s exhibits engage people of all ages through an interactive and celebratory environment. C. its unique place within the fabric of sports and culture. videos and autographed memorabilia. books. posters. live games and other all levels of sport talk. Retail Areas The center will be featuring a retail shop where visitors are able to extend their connection to sports via the purchase of a variety of sports-related merchandise such as photographs.6. games. sports-related organizations that have partnered with. apparel.2. CDs. D. B. Verceles 16 .
recreation and competition. viewing. different design considerations pertinent to spectatorship such as circulation.3. i-CON of Sport.1 Sub-problem 1 The sport center will be a venue to celebrate the history. national and global level. From these problems. the current and future needs of the stadium shall be drawn.0 DESIGN PROBLEM Modern stadia are intended to provide a facility for sport and other events that is world class. state-of-the-art construction. organization and arrangement of spaces within the sport center contribute to the development of sports excellence and encourage sports participation of Filipinos? 4. The guide also went as far as to taking up administrative and financial operations and activity organization. “Stadia: A Design and Development Guide. Verceles 17 . How architecture can become an icon of sport through an innovative stadium design which will recognize the achievement of the nation in football and revolutionize the building legacy of the country? 3. forms and designs of international sports facilities. seating and others were discussed.0 PRECEDENTS AND RELATED LITERATURE The following books. while presenting various types. The researcher aims to investigate the social and physical issues which surround the creation of a new multi-use stadium in the country. How can the design. showcase and explain how society and culture influence the body of leisure. inspire the architecture of sports. which in turn. In planning.” The book basically covers topics delving on the planning not only of the interior spaces of a stadium or any sports spectator venue but the exterior spaces as well. cultural significance and worldwide appeal of sports on local. It will provide access to a diverse audience including metro area residents and domestic and international visitors to Quezon City. Architecture will then be the tool to seek out possible solutions to the problems presented. Geraint John and Rod Sheard share their expertise in stadium and arena design in the book. high cost and significant injections of public funding. and typically share the attributes of large capacities.
In the thesis by Margarette Hernandez. All these cases portrayed how architecture became a tool in dealing with the issues of standardization while responding to arising specific requirements and sporting regulations. 5. economic.” she studied kinetic structures and how such movable structural assemblies and mechanical systems can assist the development of adaptable architecture. This would include studies on building technologies and structural forms that may be applicable to the research especially in terms of foundation and building envelope.” described how sports. on the other hand. this particular method shall tackle trends and demands in sports and recreation in the country and in the international scene.2 Descriptive Research Design The descriptive research.” Sports architecture reflects not only the character of a particular sport. are altogether a “social.1 Interpretative – Historical Research Design The historical research design shall encompass the history of sports in the Philippines so as to establish its roots. These schemes will be performed to meet the specific objectives of the study. “An Arena for Multiple Sports. These two concepts were used so as to create a flexible arena that will be able to serve various sports while considering the interplay between player preference and spectator comfort (Hernandez 2007). it presented several examples of contemporary sports facilities around the world that vary not only according to the sport it caters to but also to the society which it serves. and cultural phenomena. shall be performed so as to give a background of the current condition of stadiums in the Philiipines. evolution and prominence. but more importantly.Carles Broto. i-CON of Sport. 5. in his introduction for the book.0 METHODOLOGY There is a need to conduct both historical and descriptive research designs to be able to complete the research component of this thesis. Verceles 18 . in general. In the same book. 5. and the site and environment within which it is built. “Architecture on Sports Facilities. Aside from this. it represents a society and the society’s sporting traditions.
football. newspaper articles on the condition of sport venues in the country. D. museum basics and others.2. National Museum Director and others. Also included are magazines. Case Study The researcher shall examine related studies and theses to establish theories and work on recommendations that may be significant and similar to the project. Observations and photo documentations will be noted and used as references for the design of the project. This includes interview appointments with representatives from PSC. sports and current affairs programs on television. sports administration. Collection of Secondary Sources Secondary sources shall include publications and literary sources such as books on stadium design.1 Research Tactics A. sports architecture. Interviews The researcher will conduct interviews with associations that are involved in sports and museum management in the country. PFF. Secondary sources will also include non-print documents such as documentaries on stadium and modern museum designs. engineers and contractors who have been involved in the construction of premier sports complexes and stadiums will also be conducted to explore sports architecture trends in the country at present. i-CON of Sport. Interview with Filipino architects. C. Theses related to the subject matter will also be used as references as well as legal and official documents that shall support the project’s viability. POC. B. Verceles 19 . Information that wil be gathered and gained from them will give light on the operations of the associations which shall guide the programming of the project.5. Ocular Visits and Immersion The researcher will visit sports venues around the metro to observe the trends applied to sports architecture in the country. and valid internet sources.
With enough information and data. F. Feasibility Study A feasibility study shall be conducted to ensure the viability of the project and the possibility of its construction to actually take place while taking into account important considerations. John and Sheard. New York Broto. Singapore: Page One Publishing Limited Geraint. These tactics shall be undertaken so as to gain valid and reliable information that shall be used as bases for the project. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd. Rod (1994). Routledge or Taylor & Francis e-Library. Verceles 20 . Architecture on Sports Facilities. Timothy and Paine. it would formulate ideas to create a more in-depth concept of the proposed stadium facility. Site Selection and Analysis A set of criteria shall be made based on the requirements of the facilities with reference to the site. The researcher shall regard the cost-utility study. Carles (2005). analyze the required spaces and create preliminary design schemes. regulations and developmental plans from the urban planning and engineering departments of the city halls of sites being studied. Museum Basics. Crispin (2006). Robert (1999). the most appropriate site shall be selected and analyzed.1 Books Ambrose. Architectural Programming and Predesign Manager. These criteria shall guide the researcher in assigning possible options where to site the project. 6. land-use and zoning maps. Hershberger.0 REFERENCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY 6. Stadia: A Design and Development Guide. From these options.E. The McGraw Hill Companies i-CON of Sport. Site visits will be done to support the decision behind the selection and acquire pertinent documents such as TCT.
Philippines National Football Team. Retrieved from http://www.com/about_board Wikipedia (2011). Margarette (March 2007). An Arena for Multiple Sports.FIFA. NY 10002.the sportsmuseum. Retrieved from http://www. Retrieved from http://www. University of the Philippines. Verceles 21 . Thesis. Retrieved from http://www. Broadway.wikipedia. New York.3 Online Sources Federation Internationale de Football Association (2007). Football Stadiums Technical Recommendations and Requirements. Diliman 6. Sports in the Philippines. Mildred (March 2008). University of the Philippines.com National Sports Museum. Diliman Mata.6. Tahanan ng mga Kamao ng Bayan: The Philippine Boxing Development Complex.org/wiki/Philippine_national_football_team Wikipedia (2011). 26 E.org/wiki/Sports_in_the_Philippines i-CON of Sport.2 Dissertations and Theses Hernandez. Thesis.wikipedia.
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