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Abhishek Nishant Kumar
Textile Internship - Ginni Filaments Pvt. Ltd.
The winter internship for semester 5 of Apparel Production required us to visit a textile industry and study the following departments spinning weaving knitting dyeing printing finishing
The industry selected by us was Ginni Filaments Limited, Kosi. Located in Tehsil Chatta, District Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, GFL has constantly grown from one strength to another. Installed capacity today stands at 64,560 spindles, with a capacity of thousand tonnes per month.
Ginni Filaments have four of the above (spinning, knitting, dyeing and finishing) The study was conducted from 27st December to 7th January. The schedule for the study was as follows: Unit Name Spinning Unit (Blow room to Finishing) Contact Person Mr. Ashwani Kamra Mr. R.S. Maurya Mr. O.P.S. Rathi R&D Department Knitting Department Dyeing Department Finishing Department Lab & Mr. A.Ramkrishnan Mr. Sorabh Kohli Mr. Anil Sharma Mr. Tapan Biswal 01.01.2011 03.01.2011 04.01.2011 05.01.2011 06.01.2011 Duration 29 to 31.12.2010
Inspection Mr. Arvind Singh
Department PPC Department Mr. Pankaj Dalal 07.01.2011
NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek , Nishant Kumar
Textile Internship - Ginni Filaments Pvt. Ltd.
Objectives of the Internship
The internship helps us to understand the structural and functional constituents of the industry, as during the internship we learn to adapt to real industrial situations which equips us for decision making in a realistic environment. The internship also helps to strengthen the relationship between the industry and students. The textile internship was carried out to develop a clear understanding about the following:
Flow process sequence and Technical details on machine particulars of weaving, dyeing, printing, finishing, laboratory etc. Particulars of raw material, intermediate products and final product, process details, product quality parameters. Particulars of the manufacturing environment. Human resource management. Productivity analysis for various processes.
a) To observe the various departments in the organization b) To understand the various processes in the department c) To understand their interrelation within the organization d) To observe the various models and makes of the machines being used e) To study the working environment of the industry
NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek , Nishant Kumar
Schlafhorst. Distt. GFL has 1680 rotors with a capacity to produce 600 tonnes per month of open end yarn in the count range of Ne 6 to 20. Products have been well accepted by buyers around the world. Sophisticated plant & machinery from the world renowned machinery manufacturers viz. Located in Tehsil Chatta. it was designed to produce a quality that was genuinely world class. Volkmann etc. Nishant Kumar . GFL embarked upon an ambitious expansion project by entering the arena for Open End Yarn. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Ginni Filaments Ltd. Uttar Pradesh. (GFL) was commissioned with 26208 spindles to produce ultrafine combed cotton yarn. RIETER.Textile Internship . both in single and double ply construction. Installed capacity today stands at 64560 spindles with a capacity of 1000 tonnes per month. Ltd. The product range includes 100% combed cotton yarns from Ne16 to Ne50. A 100% export oriented unit. Mathura.Ginni Filaments Pvt. In January 1998. with top of the line support systems for quality monitoring were installed. Company Profile In 1990. GFL has consistently grown from one strength to another.
Ginni Filaments Pvt. The complete machinery has been imported from Thies &Santex. Of India. Ginni has started working with some leading European brands and other global brands like Benetton. elitwist and gassed yarns. Interlock. The company has also graduated into knitted fabrics and installed 26 knitting machines from M/sTerrot and Mayer to produce Single Jersey. Since April 2005.Textile Internship . The success story at GFL is the story of evolution of single minded devotion to quality. Allen Solly. Rib Terry and Lycra fabrics. The company also manufactures TFO doubled. compact spun. Ltd. Nishant Kumar . GFL has expanded into processed knitted fabrics. Van Heusen. J C Penny etc. The company obtained the ISO 9000 certification as early as 1996 and also got the recognised as Trading house by the Govt. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . C & A.
The plant for spun-lace non woven fabrics with an installed capacity of 12. Gujarat. Ginni Filaments Limited has entered garment business with its first unit in Noida in Sept. In order to get fully vertically integrated and be present from fibre to fashion. which is the first of its kind in India commenced production in March. The capacity would be increased to one million pcs per month in a phased manner.Ginni Filaments Pvt. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . with a capacity of 2.50.Textile Internship . Ltd. Nishant Kumar . 2006.000 MT/p.000 pcs per month. Converted products made out of spun-lace non woven fabrics have been launched by the company in the Indian Market. 2007 in Panoli Industrial Estate.a.
000 mtr/p.Ginni Filaments Pvt.50.a. Milestones Year 1990 1993 1995 1995 Milestone Capacity installed Installed capacity increased to Installed capacity increased to Forward integration into knitting Capacity 26208 Spindles 36288 Spindles 54432 Spindles 29 Knitting Machines 2005 2006 2006 2006 2006 Set up a knit process house Installed capacity increased to Installation of rotor Venture into Nonwoven Consumer Products Venture into Knit Garmenting 250 tons/month 64560 Spindles 1680 rotors 2. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Textile Internship . Ltd. Nishant Kumar .000 pcs/month 2007 2007 Venture into Spunlace Nonwoven Venture into Consumer products made from spunlace fabric 12.
Hoseiry yarn. Spinning 1.Ginni Filaments Pvt.1 Ginni Spinning – Kosi Yarn Capacity (100% Cotton) o Ring Spun Yarn (16s to 40s) – 67000 Spindles Monthly Capacity – 1250 Tones o Open End Yarn (6s to 20s) 1680 Rotors Monthly Capacity Open End Yarn 600 Tones Types of yarn produced Warp yarn. Nishant Kumar .Textile Internship .slub yarn NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Ltd. 1.
Draw Frame Speed Frame • drafting.2 Flow Chart Spinning • Storage of bales Godown Blow room • Bale Cleaning • Bale Opening • Mixing/Blending Carding • Fiber to Fiber Seperation • Waste (vegetable. Ltd.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Uniformity.Sliver • Straightening. twisting and winding takes place. • Open end spinning and ring spinning Spinning Winding • To remove objectionable faults & to Convert ring bobbin into large package / Autocon er • To make the yarn suitable for packaging Yarn Conditio ning Packing • For the disposal of the final yarn NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Evenness Comber Preparati on Breaker • First level of drawing to increase parallelization and uniformity of sliver.Textile Internship . Nishant Kumar . 1. Draw Frame • several slivers / ribbons are combined Comber Finisher • Second level of drawing to get finer yarn. seed fragments) Removal • End Product .
Each godown has a capacity of 10.3 Storage: (Cotton Godown) The mill consists of 5 godowns which are used for the storage of ginned cotton. Domestic bales comprise of 160-165 kgs of cotton on average and international bales have 200-300 kgs of cotton per bale. of lights of low intensity or any electrical products in order to avoid fire in the godowns. Madhya Pradesh and United States of America. Ltd. 1. Cotton varieties used for spinning here are Cotton J34. In addition there is a limited no. Gujarat. The cotton is purchased from domestic as well as international market. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Random checking of the bales purchased is done manually and is stored in an ordered manner.000 bales. Mech1 & Mcu-5. Nishant Kumar . Main vendors of the raw material are from Punjab.Textile Internship . since ginned cotton is highly flammable. There is a separate storage room for organic cotton. Procurement of the purchased cotton is done by the commercial department.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Haryana. Organic cotton is cultivated without the usage of any harmful chemicals like pesticides and insecticides. The main motto of the company is to look after the quality of the ginned cotton and fiber maturity which determines the market price of the raw cotton. Proper protection from moisture is given to the godowns as it affects the fiber properties and can alter the functional as well as aesthetic properties of the fiber.
These functions are accomplished through a continuous series of stages. The compressed mass of raw fiber must be removed from the bales. Nishant Kumar . Bale is opened manually by workers. Ltd. They do a little bit of cleaning while opening. Blending is necessary so as to obtain uniformity of fiber quality. Information given on each stack of bales Vendor Vendor lot no. leaves. of Bales Date of receival: GJ-0087 34A6 BL-006 MCU-5 17 13/12/2010 1. opening is necessary in order to loosen the hard lumps of fiber and disentangle them. burrs. Cleaning is required to remove trash – such as dirt. They open the ropes which hold the bale together. Mill lot no.4 Blowroom • Opening • Cleaning • Blending The cotton arrives at the mill in large bales. and any remaining seeds – in order to prepare the fiber for spinning into yarn.Textile Internship . Cotton Type No. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Ginni Filaments Pvt. blended. opened and cleaned.
optional scanning of the contours of the bale makes laborious alignment of the bale lay-down unnecessary.Textile Internship . Trash. thus 64 bales in total. The machine used for Bale opening and blending is RIETER Unifloc A10 . The intelligent control system ensures uniform bale reduction. Then the bales are kept in columns according to their count. Alignment is performed automatically during several takeoff cycles. dirt and dust are exposed and can be removed gently. Like four columns of bales having 16 bales in each columns. Ltd. The UNIfloc A 10 fulfils these requirements. Small tufts are essential for efficient cleaning. Nishant Kumar . NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . A whole series of functions support you to ensure simple. The bales are opened parallel. as well as making operation easy and ensuring that personnel are largely relieved of the need to intervene unnecessarily. down to the last tuft. RIETER UNIfloc A10 Efficient bale opening must prepare the material properly for the subsequent cleaning stages.Ginni Filaments Pvt. In particular. Small tufts offer a large surface area. efficient bale opening.
Ginni Filaments Pvt. Swivelling take-off tower with chassis – This is where the opening and blending takes place. Bale lay-down – The rows of bales put together to be taken up by the machine.Textile Internship . 5. 3. 1. Channel for material materiel transport NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Take-off unit – This unit is responsible for sucking up the fibers from the bales. Control cabinet – The functioning of the machine can be controlled using this display. 2. 4. Nishant Kumar . Ltd.
The nipping/combing point distance is adjusted according to the staple length. Nishant Kumar . State-of-the-art design Easy maintenance and trouble-free operation are high on the list of priorities. higher NEP counts and loss of good fibers. A single cleaning cylinder minimizes the negative side effects familiar from multicylinder cleaners – i. The material is guided downwards through the chute and a perforated drum. The single-cylinder concept permits a wide operating range with no damage to the fibers or excessive loss of good fibers. Technological superiority is only one of the advantages offered by the B 60. The fiber from UNIfloc A 10 goes to UNIflex B 60 via pipes. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . RIETER UNIflex B 60 This machine is used for Bale Cleaning. It can be used without any additional components as a feed machine for cards. Unidirectional feeding is performed by a feed roller and a feed trough. There is suction mechanism which transports the fiber through various processes.Ginni Filaments Pvt. The tufts are fed evenly into the lamellar chute by the integrated feeding fan and the divider element. The design is simple. depending on the raw material. Its maximum production capacity is 600 kg/hour. The modular grid with the carding element and the cleaning cylinder work together to open the tufts further and separate the remaining trash from the fibers. The UNIflex B 60 is a fine-cleaner for natural fibers. High running efficiency is a further important aspect. Ltd. This way the fiber is not exposed to the external environment while being transported. A spiked or saw-tooth roller is used.e.Textile Internship .
NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Nishant Kumar .Textile Internship .Ginni Filaments Pvt. Ltd.
otherwise it would be impossible to produce fine yarns from what is originally a tangled mass. With a working width of 1500 mm. The machine has a capacity of up to 220 kg/hour. The carders line up the fibers to make the spinning easier. and they must be straightened.5 CARDING Before the raw stock can be made into yarn. It is available with coiler (CBA). Nishant Kumar . RIETER CARD C 50 With its unique geometry in the carding zone. The ratio of output to energy and space requirements is revolutionized by the C 50.C 4a.Textile Internship . integrated draw frame without leveling (SB module) and in the auto-leveling version (RSB module) for use in the OE direct process. This ensures constant sharpness of the cylinder and flat clothing and long clothing lifetimes. This is necessary for all staple fibers. The lap is passed through a beater section and drawn on a rapidly revolving cylinder covered with very fine hooks or wire brushes. and as the cotton progresses further on the teeth get finer (i.Ginni Filaments Pvt. The straightening process puts the fiber into a somewhat parallel lengthwise alignment. and is then taken to carding machines. The machine used for carding is RIETER C 50. These NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . the fibres must be entangled.C 60. The carding machine consists mainly of one big roller with smaller ones surrounding it. The cotton comes off of the Blowroom. Ltd. output by the C 50 card is up to 50% higher than on conventional models – and is combined with superior sliver quality. the remaining impurities must be removed. All of the rollers are covered in small teeth.e.C 4. the C 50 high-performance card provides one of the main building blocks for achieving financial success. 1. No of carding machines – 27. closer together). The consistently high carding quality is achieved amongst other things by using the IGS Integrated Grinding System.
Nishant Kumar . guarantee a consistent sliver quality. Count Sliver Tex Production rate CAN ID Target production Delivery speed RIETER C50 31 20’s 5.Textile Internship .and leaves the carding machine in the form of sliver/ ribbon large rope/ sheet of fibers. With its modular construction the C 50 is very maintenance friendly.60 ktex 35-50 kg/hr White + pink tip 280-400 kg/shift 104-149 m/min NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Machine specifications Model no. and can be changed over very quickly to new production requirements. Card no. Ltd. The cotton enters the carding machine in web form(fine feed). The cleaning efficiency of carding machine is 98%.Ginni Filaments Pvt.
The compactness of these fibers permits this cotton stock to be attenuated. it has to undergo through certain machines so as to make the yarn into straight. to a sliver of smaller diameter without falling apart. Ltd. RIETER SB2 The SB drawframe module is impressive with its low space requirements and a delivery speed of up to 800 m/min. Nishant Kumar . The best parallelity of the fibers and thus an optimal sliver quality are guaranteed.Ginni Filaments Pvt. The 3-over-3 drafting system is positioned inclined and permits up to a 5fold draft. uniform and parallel strands. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .6 COMBING PREPARATION Before the carded yarn is sent for combing. The drafting system geometry is based on the successful SB/RSB-D 40 drawframes. Several slivers are combined together which results in relatively narrow lap of compactly placed staple fibers. raw material and spinning process. The machine used for this purpose is RIETER SB2 & RIETER UNILAP E-30. A shortening of the process by one drawframe passage is possible depending on the yarn count.Textile Internship . 1. or drawn out.
Ginni Filaments Pvt. Laps produced on the UNIlap display outstanding unwinding behavior on the comber. UNIlap E 30 encompasses the latest knowhow based on technical and technological experience with proven components from the previous successful model: 2-zone drafting for ideal fiber drawing 4 calendar rollers and automatic regulation of the lap loading for perfect lap build-up High production rates and quality levels by means of VARIO speed Improved running conditions – better reliability Functional design for greater ease of operation NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Textile Internship . RIETER UNILAP E-30 E 30 UNIlap combing preparation combines mill-proven engineering and soundly based technology in a compact design – the ideal basis for superior productivity and economy. The 3over-3 drafting system ensures high fleece quality through optimum finishing drafting and parallelization of the fibers. Ltd. Nishant Kumar . High-quality laps are produced by means of two lapping rollers and a variable production speed.
2-ZONE DRAFTING SYSTEM The 2-zone drafting system enables the correct application of splitting pre. Ltd. In particular.Ginni Filaments Pvt.and main drafting in both zones. Nishant Kumar . 4 calendar rollers and large lap rollers Regulated automatic lap loading NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . with longer fiber 2-zone drafting shows significant quality advantages when predrafting is reduced and the main draft is increased. Only optimal drafting distribution can ensure the best drafting conditions and the resulting fiber parallelization.Textile Internship .
VARIOspeed VARIOspeed permits permanent adjustment of the lap speed to the lap diameter during the entire lap build-up cycle.Textile Internship . Together with consistently better lap quality it also ensures higher production rates. Ltd.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Nishant Kumar . 4-CALENDER ROLLERS – LARGE LAP ROLLERS 4 calendar rollers and large lap rollers allow for faultless batt structure and ensure secure and optimal lap construction. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .
Each ribbon lap weighs around 20 kgs. There are four automatic ribbon lapping machines.Textile Internship . Ltd. Nishant Kumar .Ginni Filaments Pvt. RIBBON LAP (LH10) Ribbon lapping is also done to make fibers more uniform and even accompanied by lap to lap doubling. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Automatic doffing of the creels takes place and new cylindrical cones are loaded.
especially evenness. its influence on quality. Equalizing One of the main tasks of the draw frame is improving evenness over short.7 DRAW FRAME The draw frame contributes less than 5% to the production costs of the yarn. Nishant Kumar . However. It fulfills this task by way of the draft. The value of the draft must be adapted to the material that is to several fiber parameters: The staple length The mass of the fibers The volume of the strand The degree of order (parallel disposition) NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . The draw frame has the task of creating this parallel arrangement. 1. is all the greater for this.Ginni Filaments Pvt. If the Drawer frame is not properly adjusted. there will also be effects on yarn strength & elongation. Parallelizing To obtain an optimal value for strength in the yarn characteristics. Ltd.Textile Internship . the fibers must be arranged parallel in the fiber strand. since every drafting step leads to straightening of the fibers. Card slivers fed to the draw frame have a degree of unevenness that cannot be tolerated in practice. medium & especially long terms.
1 BREAKER DRAW FRAME Machine: LMW LDO/6 This machine is used for breaker draw frame.7. 1. Nishant Kumar .Ginni Filaments Pvt.Textile Internship . NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . It is therefore significant to remove dust in every possible step in the process. Dust Removal Dust is steadily becoming a greater problem both in processing and for personnel involved. Ltd.
Nishant Kumar . Ltd.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Salient Features High delivery speed of upto 500 mts/min Production upto 360 kg/h High efficiency Flexibility The pneumatically loaded 3-cylinder pressure bar drafting arrangement makes the processing of noils as well as fibres of a staple length upto 75 mm possible Controlled positive sliver feed table for can size of 600 x 1100 mm (24''x42'') Sliver Compression Sliver compression before coiling increases can content Automatic can changer Increases the efficiency of the machine Cleanliness Dust extraction improves the working condition NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Textile Internship .
In case of ring spun yarns.Textile Internship .Ginni Filaments Pvt. Economy Delivery speeds of up to 1 000 m/min Up to 75% higher filling capacity in comparison to round cans for reduced operator expense Higher spinning machine efficiency Quality Precise levelling Proven 4-over-3 drafting system Effective suction system NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Ltd.2 FINISHER DRAW FRAME This process is used for both open end as well as ring spun yarns. The active guidance of the can bottom permits CUBIcans to be operated without springs and increases flexibility. Machine: RSB D35 RIETER Rectangular CUBIcans contain up to 75% more material in comparison to round cans. This reduces the operating expenses.7. results in quality benefits and increases the efficiency of downstream processing. 1. Nishant Kumar . CUBIcans protect the sliver better and are more robust than a conventional rectangular can with a lateral slit. it is done after the combing process.
Ginni Filaments Pvt. Ltd.Textile Internship . Nishant Kumar . Flexibility Automatic filter cleaning Central lubrication Central drafting system adjustment NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .
therefore. These rovings are then what are used in the spinning process. The combing process forms a comb sliver made of the longest fibers. the sliver is put through an additional straightening called combing. This operation eliminates as much as 25% of the original card sliver. Ltd. directly after being combined the slivers are separated into rovings. and by combining several slivers together a more consistent size can be reached. fine toothed combs continue straightening the fibers until they are arranged with such a high degree of parallelism that the short fibers called noils are combed out and completely separated from the longer fibers. Machine Specifications Model no.Ginni Filaments Pvt. smoother & more serviceable fabrics. in turn. In combing. The combining process.Textile Internship . 1.8 COMBING When the fiber is intended for fine yarns. thus almost one-fourth of the raw cotton becomes waste. Nishant Kumar . Each sliver will have thin and thick spots. Since combining several slivers produces a very thick rope of cotton fibers. Since long staple yarns produce stronger. quality cotton goods carry labels indicating that they are made of combed yarns or combed cottons. In this operation. produces a smoother & more even yarn. several slivers / ribbons are combined. RIETER E60 NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . which. is identified with consumer’s goods or better quality.
The E 66 / E 76 combers produce at up to 500 nips/min. fully automated E 60 comber or 72 kg/h on the E 66 comber – these are the effective production figures of the new combers. With equivalent quality. This applies to imperfections and tenacity/elongation as well as infrequent weak places in the yarn.e. RIETER combers extract up to 2% fewer noils.Textile Internship . compared to other systems. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .7 tonnes of combed sliver per day – a new record. The increase in output has been achieved by means of C•A•P•D 500 (Computer Aided Process Development). The ROBOlap fully automated lap changing and piecing system on the E 76 comber remains a unique feature. superior fiber selection and very good machine running behavior.Ginni Filaments Pvt.. in mill operations. Card no. achieve up to 2% raw material savings. Count Sliver Tex CAN ID Target production 42 20’s 5. the combers produce top quality with maximum economy. With 500 nips/min. Nishant Kumar . i. Quality High and uniform quality with reduced noil extraction is achieved uncompromisingly by virtue of excellent fiber selection on the RIETER combers. High yarn quality at high nip rates and highest possible batt weight. up to 80 g/m batt weight. Economy Effective output of the automated machines is up to 74 kg/h.80 ktex White + steel strip 58 km/shift RIETER E60 70 kg/h on the new. This corresponds to 1. Ltd.
Nishant Kumar .Ginni Filaments Pvt.developed by RIETER. Gentle fiber treatment by optimal coordination of comb movements and technology elements . The 3-over-3 cylinder drafting system with pressure bar and variable break and main draft distance enhances precise fiber guidance for all staple lengths. Ltd.Textile Internship . The fully automated lap changing and piecing system on the E 76 ROBOlap comber is unique worldwide. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Flexibility The grade of raw material utilization and quality can be selectively controlled on the basis of maximum output.
drafting. Here the slivers are fed and the wound bobbin is obtained.9 ROVING / SPEED FRAME At the speed frame. Ltd. Nishant Kumar . Diameter of the fiber is reduced and the length is increased. 1. It gives no tensile strength & will break apart easily with nay slight pull It is not done for open end spun yarns: only for ring spinning. The machines used for this are LMW LF 1400-A and LMW LF 1465 LMW LF 1400-A Salient Features Flyer speed up to 1400rpm Delivery speed up to 40 mts/min Flexibility in drafting system NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . It is a preparatory stage for the final insertion of twist.Textile Internship . In speed frame. These bobbins are placed on the roving frame. twisting and winding takes place. It is the last stage of the preparatory unit before actual spinning takes place.Ginni Filaments Pvt. rove is formed from sliver as well as twist is provided using pliers. where further drawing out and twisting takes place until the cotton stock is about the diameter of a pencil lead.
Nishant Kumar . for synthetics Package size 12" x 6.Textile Internship . Top and Bottom clearer device with suction Number of spindles up to 144 Pneumo stop and Creel stop High Production Flyer Speed up to 1400 rpm (mechanical) Delivery speed up to 30 mts/min.5" User Friendliness Positive Top and Bottom clearer system Effective suction system for both top and bottom clearer waste Dual compartment filter box Electromagnetic device for reliable trough reversal Simplified 3 rollers and 4 roller spring loaded Drafting system Creel up to 7 rows for easy accessibility NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . for cotton and 40mts/min.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Ltd.
Textile Internship - Ginni Filaments Pvt. Ltd.
LMW LF 1465
Spindleage upto 200 Spindle speed upto 1500rpm (Mechanical) Auto doffer with Provision for bobbin transport system 4 Segment servo drive : Bobbin , Flyer , Drafting and Bobbin trough Drafting system- Double apron drafting system with 3 roller or 4 roller drafting Unique Individual bobbin tilting for easy doffing incase of Manual doffing Detachable flyer spindle for removing bobbins midway Automatic roving tension controller TDCL suction system for effective suction across the machine 4 row aluminum hexagonal roller creel Ergonomic human machine interface
NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek , Nishant Kumar
Textile Internship - Ginni Filaments Pvt. Ltd.
Fiber is converted to yarns. Spinning is the final formation of yarns from raw yarns which includes drafting, twisting and winding. The final drafting of the yarn is done at this stage. Spinning of the yarn decides main two parameters: yarn twist and yarn count. Yarn Twist: the amount of twist is an important factor in finished consumers’ goods. It determines the appearance as well as the durability and serviceability of the fabric. Fine yarns require more twist than coarse yarns. Yarn Count: In the spinning process, there is always a fixed relation between the weight of the original quantity of fiber and the length of the yarn produced from that amount of raw material. This relation indicates the thickness of the yarn. It is determined by the extent of the drawing process and is designated by numbers, which are called the yarn count. This yarn count may be expressed according to the traditional method or by the newer Tex system, which is based entirely upon the metric system of measurement. In Ginni filament Ltd., yarn count is measured in English count system(Ne) [No. of 840 yards strands per 1 English pound of pass. The Tpi for knitting yarn is 3.6 to 3.7 depending on the requirement.
NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek , Nishant Kumar
Textile Internship - Ginni Filaments Pvt. Ltd.
The roving, on bobbins, is placed in the spinning frame, where it passes through several sets of rollers running at successively higher rates of speed and is finally drawn out to the yarn of the size desired.
Spinning done here is of two types: Open end spinning & ring spinning.
1.10.1 Open End Spinning
It is a technology for creating yarn without using a spindle. Also known as break spinning or rotor spinning. Sliver from the card goes into the rotor, is spun into yarn and comes out, wrapped up on a bobbin, all ready to go to the next step There is no roving stage or re-packaging on an auto-coner. The machines used here RIETER R1 (4 nos. having 960 rotors in total) & SCHLAFHORST Autocoro S360 (2 nos. having 720 rotors in total). In Open-end, 20 Tons yarn per day are being produced in the count range of Ne 6s to Ne 20s.
Machine: RIETER R1
The fully automated R 1 rotor spinning machine offers enormous productivity potential with up to 500 spinning positions and with up to 4 high-speed robots. Leadership in uniform yarn quality is achieved through state-of-the-art spinning technology and AEROpiecing® for yarnlike piecings. Energy-saving drives and a fully developed operating concept reduce running costs to a minimum, creating the ideal preconditions for long-term, successful operation.
NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek , Nishant Kumar
Textile Internship - Ginni Filaments Pvt. Ltd.
Up to 500 rotors per machine and 2, 3 or 4 robots with overlapping operating zones. Inverters and optimized bearing technology reduce energy consumption. Robots with extremely short cycle times for piecing and package change (< 25 s).
Superior yarn quality due to the high spinning stability of the SC-R spinning box. Constant high yarn quality due to SPEEDpass, BYpass and the fixed fiber beard support.
Unique AEROpiecing® technology for yarn-like piecings.
Fast lot change on the machine display due to modern frequency-controlled drives. Easy robot setting with the eXpert Piecing System (XPS). Fancy yarn device from experts available as option including multicount / multitwist.
The machine in this mill produces cotton of count 7’s with a rotor speed of 75000 rpm. The opening roll speed is 77000 rpm. Overall length of the yarn is 45km per shift, i.e., approximately 1186 kgs.
NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek , Nishant Kumar
Textile Internship - Ginni Filaments Pvt. Ltd.
Machine: SCHLAFHORST Autocoro S360
The Autocoro S 360 combines proven Autocoro factors of success with an innovative piecing technology: DigiPiecing. The result is: a particularly smart Autocoro. The new piecing process and the digital piecing check ensure piecing with highest perfection even without automation. Particularly productive with 360 spinning positions, rotor speeds up to 130,000 rpm and take-up speeds up to 230 m/min Premium Belcoro yarn quality and Autocoro package quality Ideal for all applications and raw materials DigiPiecing means: no more shaft drives. Instead: 100 % digital control and execution of the piecing process by means of high-precision single drives. In the Autocoro S 360, Corolab XQ, the most successful and most sophisticated clearer technology in the world, not only ensures unequalled yarn quality but also 100 % digitally controlled piecings.
NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek , Nishant Kumar
It completes the manufacturing of yarn byo o o Drawing out the roving Inserting the twist. The machine in this mill produces cotton of count 9’s with a rotor speed of 92000 rpm. Ltd. while the front roller which was moving much faster pulled thread out (attenuated) forcing the fibres to mesh together. Here the back roller steadied the incoming thread. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . On each side of the frame are the spindles. and its constant spinning action provide a fast operation. i. originally by mean of levers and weights. The roving (unspun thread) passed downwards from the bobbins to the draughting rollers. approximately 1469 kgs.Ginni Filaments Pvt.. Nishant Kumar . but produces a relatively coarser yarn. whirling thousands of revolutions a minute.& Winding the yarn on bobbins.Textile Internship .2 RING SPINNING The ring frame is a faster process. The rollers are individually adjustable. Its hundred of spindles. above them are the draughting (drafting) rollers and on top is the creel loaded with bobbins of roving.10.e. Overall length of the yarn is 53km per shift. 1.
Textile Internship . High economic efficiency – longer machines reduce the fixed proportion of production costs per kilogram of yarn. The functions of the mill-proven G 33 predecessor model have been augmented by new options for producing fancy yarns and core-spun yarns. Nishant Kumar . Machine: RIETER G35 The G 35 ring spinning machine is a further milestone in RIETER ring spinning technology. 42 Tons of Single Ring Spun Combed yarn per day in the count range of Ne 16 to Ne 50 is being produced. Ltd. From here it is attached to the existing thread on the spindle. where it is threaded though a small ring called the traveller. It is this that gives the ring frame its name.Ginni Filaments Pvt. The traveller rotates on the ring. high-quality machine with a wide range of spinning technology features. Customers benefit from a powerful. The attenuated roving now passes through a thread guide that is adjusted to be exactly above the spindle. The machines used here are RIETER G35 & Jingwei F1520. Economy Modular machine design with up to 1 632 spindles. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Thread guides are on a thread rail which allows them to be hinged out of the way for doffing or piecing a broken thread. The attenuated roving passes down to the spindle assembly.
The data are available at any time and can be called up and processed on-screen. ROBOload and the travelling cleaner are centrally controlled.Textile Internship . FLEXIstart machine function – spinning start-up in quarter or half-sides (> 1 200 spindles). FLEXIdraft. This enables all functions to be operated via a central operator and display unit. Nishant Kumar . SERVOgrip – the RIETER innovation for genuine doffing without unwinding – eliminates underwound threads and considerably reduces fiber fly on ring spinning machines. Quality The mill-proven Ri-Q-Draft drafting system with pneumatically loaded guide arm and the Ri-Q-Bridge for superior spinning conditions provide a sound basis for high yarn quality. spindle drive. The MEMOset article module stores spinning parameters for up to 18 different yarns. Machine functions. Ltd. Intermediate drive – consistent quality on long machines with > 1 200 spindles. Flexibility Designed for coarse and very fine yarns. The reduction in energy consumption – a core component of manufacturing. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Ginni Filaments Pvt. maintenance and operating costs – has been given top priority.
high-efficiency.Textile Internship . Features: Count-20’s TPM-677 Spindle speed (max) – 16400 Spindle Speed (avg) .15800 NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Ltd. Nishant Kumar . Machine: Jingwei F1520 This spinning frame is the latest development with high-speed.Ginni Filaments Pvt. high-quality and high stability and reliability of the distinct characteristics.
Textile Internship . Nishant Kumar . Ltd.Ginni Filaments Pvt. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .
To Convert ring bobbin into large package Process Here the winding of the cones takes place from the bobbins obtained from the spinning department. In case of yarn breakage. The conveyor belt mechanism in the saucer is provided with suction scissors that enable cross winding by joining the cop and cone thread. It’s done by intertwining at the right twist. then machine ejects the cop and it is being exited from the machine using the same mechanism which was used for feeding. It is also provided with a sensor.1. Each cone weighs around 2. Ltd. winding starts. It has an external attachment for insertion of empty cones after one set of winding is complete.Ginni Filaments Pvt. It is known as ‘creel’. the machine automatically rethreads the cone and cop thread.Textile Internship . after which thread for top winding is inserted. 1. The two arms take thread from the cone and cop respectively and fuse them at the splicer with the help of a compressor. If winding of yarn in cop is not proper. Nishant Kumar .11 WINDING / AUTOCONER: Objective . NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Each head has 8 cops fitted at a time. The machine has 72 heads. . Here the spindle feed system is also automatic. As soon as the cop reaches for winding the pneumatic system works two separate system takes thread from cone and cop for splicing. The movement of the two system work simultaneously and as soon as splicing gets completed. To remove objectionable faults 2. The sensor first detects a full cop and then gives a signal. For this purpose there are suction arm and the gripper arm.21 kg There are 43 automatic coner machine and three semi automated coning machine.
V Rewinding of packages: Autoconer 338. The roller/cylinder on which cone rolls for winding has spiral opening shape for giving twist. 320 mm Winding speed: Infinitely adjustable from 300 to 2. Type RM.Textile Internship . Ne 2 . Flexible. others after winding test Yarn package formats: 3". machine concept with extension capability. 6". Ltd.Nm 170. cylindrical and tapered Package diameter: Max. The Machine used here is Autoconer Schlafhorst 338 Machine features: High-performance basic equipment. D. Type RC NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . FX-series for highest quality during winding and in downstream processing. 5".Ne 100). Resource-conserving yarn winding. Intelligent man-to-machine-communication.5. Nishant Kumar .9 tex (Nm 3 . K Rewinding of package residues: Autoconer 338. The machine has stations which store cones both before and after winding. Safe and reliable winding process through monitoring by sensors. Type E.Ginni Filaments Pvt. 4". Technical features: Materials wound: Single and plied yarns of natural and manmade staple fibres Yarn count range: 333 tex . modular splicing system for all textile applications.000 m/min Winding of bobbins: Autoconer 338.
This is so because cellulose forms hydrogen bonds with water which further enhances its strength.12 YARN CONDITIONING 1. Conditioning is done for humidifying cotton in order to increase its strength. Here. The huge container has a capacity of about 620 cones at a time. Ltd. Nishant Kumar . the cones obtained from the winding department are exposed in a container for around 4 hour at 58-65 deg Celsius & 1% moisture. Cycle-2: Temperature for hosiery yarn is 62 degrees with a pressure of 190 Mbar for a dwell time of 35 minutes. while temperature for warp yarns is 80 degree Celsius with a pressure of 220 Mbar for a dwell time of 20 minutes. Cycle-1: Temperature for hosiery yarn is 57 degrees with a pressure of 190 Mbar with a dwell time of 10 minutes. 1. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Yarn conditioning plant: The cones obtained from the winding department are exposed in a room for about 1 hr in two cycles. Conditioning department also has a checking section where the cones are tested for any stains or shade variation under ultra violet rays.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Machine: LUWA Process: This is a moisture regaining room. while temperature for warp yarns is 70 degree Celsius with a pressure of 200 Mbar for a dwell time of 3 minutes.Textile Internship . 2.
Nishant Kumar . It is done so as to avoid any sort of condensation on the polythene. 3. Wax is applied to all knit yarns whereas no application of wax in the warp yarns. Normal room conditioning: It is done 15 minutes prior to packing. Ltd. Cones are passed through ultraviolet rays room so as to check the yarn count uniformity.5%. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Textile Internship .Ginni Filaments Pvt. Application of wax on knits increases their weight by 2.
Ginni Filaments Pvt.Textile Internship . Nishant Kumar . Ltd. Generally the weight of boxes is about 55 kgs. and remaining 40% is exported to other parts of the country as well as abroad. Packing is done on the basis of: Count Blend Lot No. 1. Cone Tip No. Gross Wt. Shade No. They are: Packing in Cartoon Boxes Packing in Bags Packing in Pallet packing For regional and local markets cartoon box packing and bag packing is done whereas for international exports pallet packing is preferred. 60% of the total production of cotton yarn is consumed by the internal industries of Ginni Filaments Ltd. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Case No. of Cones Net Wt.13 PACKING The packing is done here in three different ways.
5 5 40 55 100 6.1 8.0 NE30/1CH 30 1.5 8.25 <8 NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Ginni Filaments Pvt.0 5. Nishant Kumar .0 NE24/1CH 24 1.4 16 < 8.5 8.6 0 20 45 65 7.4 16.8 1 20 48 69 7.0 5.0 5.7 8.5 NE16/1CH 16 1.6 0 7 13 20 8.0 NE40/1CH 40 1.9 0 11 20 31 8.2 9.0 8.3 18.2 10.4 16.4 18.0 4.5 8.14 Yarn Specifications COUNT Actual count Count CV% RKM RKM CV% Elongation Elongation Cv% USTER & IMPERFECTION Uster % Thin Place/Km(-50%) Thick Place/Km(+50%) Neps/Km(+200%) Total Imperfection Hairiness CLASSIMAT FAULT/100KM A1B1C1D1 A3B3C2D2 EFG H1.I2 55 1 0 1 0 70 0 1 1 0 72 2 0 1 0 80 2 0 1 0 82 2 0 1 0 < 150 <2 0 10 5 8.8 8.I1 H2.0 NE32/1CH 32 1. 1.5 8.Textile Internship .1 8.0 9.5 4.0 5.5 8.8 8.0 8.0 NE20/1CH 20 1.4 17. Ltd.2 0 4 12 16 8.
this is a latest Optical based clearer QUANTUM CLEARER from M/s Zellweger Uster in Autoconer. LOEPHE YARNMASTER 930 Plus : This yarn clearer is installed in Autoconer to detect contamination in yarn along with other objectionable faults. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . This has a capacity to detect visual contamination upto 5% visibility. Quantum Clearer: To detect & eliminate Contamination on Winding M/c. Contamination free yarn Today. After receipt of approved cotton lots in the factory premises. each bale of every consignment is tested and graded with BIAS (BALE INVENTORY AND ANALYSYS SYSTEM).Ginni Filaments Pvt. Elite Spinning To produce a special yarn having low hairiness and higher strength.Textile Internship . 1. stacked in Warehouse marked with various bales and its consumption for defined end product. Issue of Raw material is generated with. we have modernised our plant with latest equipment as given below : BARCO : To detect & eliminate Contamination in Blowroom we have installed this system from M/s BARCO.15 Other Unique Features BIAS It is unique software to control inventory and issuing of cotton bales to have a consistent day to day mixing. BIAS system generating bale lay out for the Uniflock to avoid problems of barre and inconsistency in Quality. Nishant Kumar . Ltd. these M/cs were installed to cater special requirement of customer. To detect unwanted contamination. contamination is the single most major problem for any spinner throughout the world. aspiring for niche market segments. Belgium in all Blowroom Lines.
Textile Internship . Again thanks to the modern technology of Wet Splicer from M/s MEASDAN. XORELLA Conditioning All yarn is XORELLA conditioned for Steam setting of twist present in the yarn resulting in better performance in further processing. MESDAN Wet Splicer Our doubled yarn is knotless one. which we have installed on all our TFOs & Cheese Winders. Length Measuring Device Our Autoconers and Cheese Winding machines are equipped with electronic Length Measuring Device so that we can guarantee fixed length material for improved warping efficiency and lower wastage. Ltd. LUWA Air-conditioning system A computerised Air conditioning system maintains Temperature and Humidity in the department throughout the year NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Nishant Kumar .Ginni Filaments Pvt.
Textile Internship . modal.Gassed Single Jersey . Rib with Lycra. Cotton Melange Single Jersey.Pique.Ginni Filaments Pvt.Terry Fabric.Interlock Polyester Fabric. polyester. Single Jersey with Lycra . Ltd. cotton spandex.Viscose Lycra . Rib.Pique with Lycra. Nishant Kumar .Polar Fleece Fabric. viscose. 2. organic cotton. Knitting LOCATION o Kosi CAPACITIES o Knitting . Cotton Melange with Lycra FIBRE SPECIFICATIONS o 100% conventional cotton. and lycra SPECIAL FINISHES o Teflon o Stain Resistant o Water Repellant o Fire Retardant NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Interlock.29 machines – 300 MT per day o Knits processing – 10 Tons of Processed Knitted Fabrics per day consisting of (5 tones of tubular and 5 tons of open-width) PRODUCT TYPE ON OFFER o Single Jersey. viscose spandex.
Ginni Filaments Pvt. Nishant Kumar . MACHINERY o Knitting . NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Ltd. 32”.Circular knitting machines from Mayer & Cie & Terrot o Knits processing – ECOMASTER dyeing machines o Finishing equipments from Santex QUALITY CERTIFICATIONS o OE 100: Organic Exchange certification There are two types of Knitted Fabrics Single Jersey Double Jersey Factors affecting the structure of the knitted fabrics Machine Diameter: the machine diameters used in Ginni are 30”. 34” and 36” Gauge of the machine: the available gauges in Ginni are 18gg/20gg/24gg/28gg Loop Length: a crucial factor as it determines the gram per square meter (GSM) of the fabric.Textile Internship .
A special software called STARFISH is used in Ginni which helps to optimize yarn processing and select knitting machines to achieve the desired final product specifications. his requirements are analyzed.Textile Internship . Organic Knitting Ginni caters to buyer’s eco-friendly fabric needs. Nishant Kumar . The ratio of Spandex to the yarn is given as per order (normally its is 5:90) There are two knitting machines used in Ginni Filaments Ltd. In organic fabrics no harmful chemicals are employed at any stage. Ltd. yarn strength etc are determined. Many buyers these days prefer their fabric to be completely organic so as to cause minimum environment damage possible and also gain a brand value. After the order is confirmed by the buyer. Other specified conditions are also catered to such as the addition of Spandex. fabric . polypropylene or hair. Rest all knitting is done on circular machines. an effective solution to this employed by Ginni is the usage of premium cotton such as Shankar 6 or Supeema Cotton (America). Knitting is done yarn lot-wise so that the dye pick up doesn’t mismatch to avoid fabric defects like barre etc. The primary conditions for a fabric to be organically approved are:- NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . In order to be able to produce organic fabrics Ginni has acquired a license from Holland which certifies they have all the necessary equipments and conditions that are needed for the same.Ginni Filaments Pvt. plastic etc. Knitting in Ginni Before the yarn is put to any application it is checked for impurities such as dirt. Flat Knitting Machine : Shima Seiki and Kauo Heng Circular Knitting Machine: Mayer & Cie and Terrot Flat Knitting machines are used only for collars and cuffs. Spandex is attached to each thread or alternate according to the buyer’s demand. Then the yarn is sent for testing where factors such as fiber length. vegetable impurities (which prevents dyes from entering the fabric) .
All the different types of fabrics are stacked in the same room. 2.Ginni Filaments Pvt. The organic fabric is stacked separately and its contact with the other fabrics is avoided. No artificially processed chemicals should be used on the yarns/fabrics at any stage of the manufacturing 4. This is done all in accordance with the buyer’s need. No pesticides should be used on the farms for a minimum duration of five years where the cotton is being grown. It should be 100% eco-friendly 5. 3.Textile Internship . NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . The organic yarn and fabric should be kept aloof from other yarns and fabric to avoid contamination of any kind. Ltd. Ginni avoids electrical lights as there would be a chance of fire otherwise. Even a slight detection of contamination would lead to the rejection of fabric. Nishant Kumar . 1. The machines should be effectively cleaned before using them for the organic raw material After Knitting is done the fabric is stacked according to counts in the godown with racks.
These points per defect length vary for warp and filling yarns. Fabric Inspection: The Grey Inspection Department conducts the fabric examination using the Japanese tenpoint system. The inspection is carried out manually. If the points do not exceed the total yardage of the piece. the piece is not allowed for various widths being inspected. Warp Defects 10-36” 5-10” 1-5” Upto 1” Penalty Points 10 5 3 1 Filling Yarn Full Width 5” to half the width of the goods 1-5” Upto 1” Penalty Points 10 5 3 1 NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . In ten points system.Textile Internship . Ltd.Ginni Filaments Pvt. a piece is graded first. Japanese 10 Point System This system assigns penalty points to each defect present depending upon its length. Nishant Kumar .
Ltd. Barre: horizontal stripes in fabric. possibly due to lower tension in one of the feeders. Skewing: Skewing effect is seen as a line or design running at a slight angle across the cloth 2. 3. This is caused by needle movement due to a tight fit in its slot or a defective sinker. Bowing or Twisting: A line or a design may curve across the fabric. loops formed in the knitting cycle initiated by that particular feeder were slightly larger than the rest thus causing an embossed appearance in the form of stripes.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Nishant Kumar . NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Needle Lines: Needle lines or vertical lines are due to a wale that is either tighter or looser than the adjacent ones. This bowing is the distortion caused by faulty take-up mechanism on the knitting machine.Textile Internship . 4. Knitting Defects 1.
Depending on the nature of the material that gets caught up fly can be removed with ease or difficulty.Textile Internship . This will also lead to barre till the spool exhausts or is changed. This is a major defect which will leave bands across the entire width of the fabric.Thick Yarn : One of the feeder is receiving yarn from a spool which has thicker yarn. 7. It is usually a minor defect unless very frequent. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . 5. Thin Yarn: One of the feeder is receiving yarn from a spool that has finer yarn. Ltd. Nishant Kumar . 6. Foreign fly between loops of constructed fabric: Unclean environment or improper maintenance of machine can cause fly to end up in the knitting zone where it becomes part of the fabric.Ginni Filaments Pvt.
Nishant Kumar . Ltd. 9. Hole Fabric Fall off: One reason for a hole of this type can be the needle latch getting stuck in flat bed machines. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Textile Internship . 8.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Laddering: Continued knitting with a broken needle.
SPECTROPHOTOMETER PROCESS: Recipe prediction and colour matching with spectrophotometer. e) Calibrate the spectrophotometer. g) First measure the standard. take atleast four readings and sample should be fold enough so that light cannot pass through it. Research and Development A.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Take atleast four readings. c) The operator of the spectrophotometer must be skilled. APPARATUS USED: Data Color spectrophotometer OBJECTIVE: To check/ Pass/ Fail the dyed sample against the approved buyer standard. b) Ensure that the machine must be in working condition.Textile Internship . 4. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Dye Lab Data Color spectrophotometer Ahibha Nuance Autolab Veriwide Complete color solution machine Lab dyeing machine Dispensing system Shade matching system 1. PROCEDURE: a) Clean the work place and the machine before the start of the work. i) Check and print the report for buyer’s reference. f) Calibration must be done in every four hours. d) Power on the machine. Ltd. h) Measure the batch (trial). Nishant Kumar .
eliminating the possibility of sedimentation and therefore any need to clean the system. Datacolor AUTOLAB™ TF systems are tube-free. APPARATUS: Datacolor Ahiba Nuance Top Speed II Infrared (IR) Lab Dyeing Machine PROCESS: Its an Easy to operate multi-step controller with alpha-numeric program names.Textile Internship . removing any possibility of cross contamination. accuracy and maintenance-free performance. 2. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . The memory cards store an unlimited number of processes. Suitable for all types of substrates 3. Ltd. DISPENSING SYSTEM PURPOSE: ensure that dye solutions used in the lab and on the dispenser are prepared accurately and consistently. The dyeing parameters are constantly monitored during every step of the dyeing process and displayed on the large graphical display.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Nishant Kumar . APPARATUS: AUTOLAB Dispensing System PROCESS: it provides a range of gravimetric dispensers provide the best of both worlds: speed. It has advanced microprocessor technology controls the heating and cooling system. They use dedicated individual injectors to transfer solution from each dye bottle. Increased power output ensures reproducible level dyeing. LAB DYEING MACHINE PURPOSE: For experimenting with various dye solutions to get the desired color shades.
SHADE MATCHING SYSTEM PURPOSE : To ensure proper shade matching according to the specified requirements APPARATUS: Veriwide Shade Matching System PROCESS: In today’s complex colour requirements. a shade cannot always be assessed under one light source. Ltd.Textile Internship . When two coloured materials have identical spectral reflection curves. they will match visually under any illuminant. This allows inconsistencies such as metamerism to be detected. Nishant Kumar . Several may be needed so that the shade is viewed in applicable conditions.Ginni Filaments Pvt. 4. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .
Crock meter To check rubbing fastness in dry as well as wet condition. Pilling & Snugging Tester To check the abrasion and pilling on fabric Tensile Strength Tester To determine the tensile strength and seam slippage of the fabric NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Accudry Tumble-drying solution.Textile Internship . Perspirometer Fastness to acid and alkali perspiration.).Ginni Filaments Pvt. Gyro wash To test fastness of various methods (AATCC. Washcator Washing m/c could handle various testing standards. Testing and Quality Control Section The quality assurance laboratory has the following test methods and devices to ensure a standard quality of fabric produced.ISO. Ltd. Tensile Strength Tester To determine the tensile strength and seam slippage of the fabric Ph meter To check ph of the fabric. Nishant Kumar . B.
To measure the force required to continue a tear which has already been started in the fabric. Nishant Kumar .Textile Internship . NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Ginni Filaments Pvt. Color Matching Test The matching of the fabric colour with the standards followed in the industry Beesley Balance Rubbing Fastness Test To determine the count of the fabric To determine the colour fastness of the fabric to rubbing GSM Balance Tear Strength Tester Determine the GSM and GLM of the fabric. Ltd.
Take average count of five samples.Ginni Filaments Pvt.D/ X! * 100 where S. YARN TESTING PURPOSE: To determine the count of the yarn. It comes total to 120 yards of yarn (one turn is equal to 1. Nishant Kumar .5/ Count 2. b) Count CV = S. CALCULATIONS: a) TPI = Take the average of 5 samples b) TPM = TPI/ √Count NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . c) Make the lee in the machine for 80 revolutions.8 / Weight of the lee. TPI & TPM PURPOSE: To determine the TPI and TPM of yarn. Ltd. APPARATUS USED: TPI tester PROCEDURE: Take at least 5 samples.D = √ ∑(x-x!)^ 2 / n c) Tex = 590.5 yard) d) Take out samples and weigh them in the weighing balance individually. APPARATUS USED: a) Warp Reel b) Digital Weighing Balance PROCEDURE: a) Take atleast five samples (yarn cone) of each batch. b) Set the warp reel meter at zero position.Textile Internship . 1. CALCULATION: a) Count = 64.
b) Wet the standard crock cloth by dipping it in distilled water taken in a clean beaker. COLOUR FASTNESS TEST PURPOSE: To determine the colour fastness of coloured textile to crocking. c) Lower the covered finger on the test specimen and rub against the specimen for 10 turns. 3.Textile Internship . Ltd. WET RUB a) Place the test specimen flat on the crock meter on the long direction with the help of the clamps.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Take 13*5 cm of test sample as test specimen. APPARATUS USED: Standard Crocking cloth of 5*5 cm. Crock Meter PROCEDURE: DRY RUB a) Place the test specimen flat on the crock meter on the long direction with the help of the clamp. Nishant Kumar . c) Fix the standard crock cloth I the finger of the crock meter. d) Lower the covered finger on to the test specimen and rub against the specimen for 10 turns. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . b) Fix the standard Crock cloth in the finger of the Crock meter. d) Then unclip the crock cloth and assess the colour staining of the crock with the help of the grey scale.
Nishant Kumar . COLOR MATCHING TEST PROCESS: Colour matching APPARATUS USED: Light Box PANTONE COLOR PLANNER (TCX. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . 4. Ltd. The standards used here are from the PANTONE COLOR PLANNER which has TCX and TC as their two standard editions which are used in GINNI. The fabric is placed under various light conditions and then compared with the standard and graded accordingly. e) Then unclip the crock cloth and dry it at 60 C and assess the colour staining in the cloth with the help of grey scale. f) The point of the maximum tolerance of the fabric is noted down. 5.Ginni Filaments Pvt. The book is priced at Forty Five thousand rupees only.Textile Internship . TENSILE STRENGTH TESTER PURPOSE: To determine the tensile strength and seam slippage of the fabric APPARATUS USED: TITAN TENSILE STRENGTH TESTER PROCEDURE: a) Two samples of fabric are taken b) The sample was placed between the jaws of the machine c) The lower jaw of the machine is fixed while the upper jaw is movable d) The fabric samples are then stretched both longitudinally and widthwise for warp and weft testing respectively e) A force of around 3000 N is applied by the upper jaw while stretching the fabric. TC) PROCEDURE: There are matching cabinets where the colour matching is done.
Textile Internship . Nishant Kumar . NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Ltd.Ginni Filaments Pvt.
Nishant Kumar . one wet and the other dry. c) The sample fabric is fixed and the dry white sample is attached to the nip of the Crockmeter. g) The fading of colour is hence determined.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Ltd. d) The nip is then moved to and fro with a downward force of 9 N in 10 cycles e) Step d is repeated with a wet sample of the white fabric f) The sample fabric is then compared with the grey scale. of 840 yards in one pound of the yarn. BEESLEY BALANCE PURPOSE: To determine the count of the fabric APPARATUS USED: BEESLEY BALANCE PROCEDURE: a) A thread sample from the fabric is taken b) The thread is of predetermined length c) The thread sample is then weighed in the balance d) The count of the thread is determined by using the following definition e) The count of the fabric is equal to No.Textile Internship . 7. 6. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . RUBBING FASTNESS TESTER PURPOSE: To determine the colour fastness of the fabric to rubbing APPARATUS USED: a) Crockmeter b) Grey Scale PROCEDURE: a) A sample piece of the fabric of 10x5 is taken b) Two white fabric samples are taken .
FORMULA GSM = Weight of the fabric (in grams)/ Area of the fabric GLM = Width of the fabric x GSM/ 100 9.Ginni Filaments Pvt.Textile Internship . c) Both the fabric samples are taken and then stitched d) The fabric samples are then soaked in water and then in ISO acid solution for 15 min. Nishant Kumar . APPARATUS USED: GSM BALANCE PROCEDURE: a) The fabric sample is taken of predetermined dimensions. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . f) The samples are then soaked in AATCC acidic solution g) The samples are then taken finally to the Perspirometer to check the colour fading as compared to the grey scale. 8. pH Meter PURPOSE: To determine the colour fastness of the fabric to acidic perspiration APPARATUS USED: PERSPIROMETER PROCEDURE: a) A fabric sample of known dimensions are taken b) Another multifibre sample is taken of the same dimensions. Ltd. e) It is also subjected to an alkaline solution according to the requirements. b) The fabric sample is then weighed in the GSM balance c) The GSM and GLM are then calculated using the following formula. GSM BALANCE PURPOSE: To determine the GSM and GLM of the fabric.
Textile Internship . APPARATUS USED: TEAR STRENGTH TESTER PROCEDURE: a) A rectangular sample of fabric is taken b) A cut is made in a rectangular sample to form two "tongues" c) The reference lines are marked to indicate the point the tear is to be continued to. e) The pilling card is then used to match against the original fabric. Ltd. e) The two jaws opened to continue the tear to the reference line.Ginni Filaments Pvt. b) One fabric sample is taken and placed on the plate of the machine. d) One tongue is then placed in the upper jaw of a tensile tester. SNUGGING & PILLING TESTER PURPOSE: To check the abrasion and pilling on fabric APPARATUS: ORBITOR pilling tester PROCEDURE: a) Two fabric samples of different diameters are taken. c) The second sample is taken and fixed on the revolving plate of the tester. d) The apparatus is then kept in position and samples are rubbed against each other for 100 revolutions or as required. the other tongue in the lower jaw. 10. f) The average tear strength is then calculated NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Nishant Kumar . f) The rating is done between 1-5 9) TEAR STRENGTH TESTER PURPOSE: To measure the force required to continue a tear which has already been started in the fabric.
Ltd. then use this tester to apply a constant pressure. (Suitable for all fiber). The specimen is then put in 37ºC drying oven for 4 hours. Nishant Kumar .Textile Internship . APPARATUS: PARAMOUNT perspirometer PROCEDURE: A compound specimen is used to soak in artificial perspiration resolution (separately in acid and alkali) completely. to water. cloth. 10. PERSPIROMETER PURPOSE: determination of color fastness of fabric. Natural dry for 30 minutes. seawater and perspiration. The specimen is removed. left to completely dry. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Ginni Filaments Pvt. then compared with a gray scale to evaluate the perspiration-resistance level.
Nishant Kumar . APPARATUS: PARAMOUNT Swatch Cutter PROCEDURE: the swatch cutter has a bearing drive circular blade which is at right angle rail for parallel swatch cutting.Ginni Filaments Pvt.Textile Internship . It also includes the feature of Laser alignment cutting. 11. Finally a Scale cutting mat for speedy measurement NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . SWATCH CUTTER PURPOSE: Used to cut any kind of fabric in any shape and size instantly & conveniently. Ltd.
MTRL. of pieces.Ginni Filaments Pvt. After the processing is done they are again cut and packed into rolls of desired lengths. sort no. The fabric is taken up from the rolls and is opened in trolleys.. chk no. packed by. of machines Types of machines Brand 9 Greige opening machine Ranson’s Copiwala This machine is used for the opening of the fabric in the greige form. Greige Room No. The rolls are joined in order to create batches for processing. net weight. sales order. purchase order and packing order in meters..Textile Internship . meters. The fabric rolls are joined to attain a length equivalent to the required length which is usually 4000-5000 meters depending on the GSM of the fabric. Dyeing The cloth is issued by the grey godown department. . In the Greige room. Ltd. Nishant Kumar . used to join the edges of the rolls of the fabric. no. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . sale no. Every roll has a bale slip consisting of – slot no. gross weight. each opening machine is provided with a Kosha overlock machine. The fabric wound on the rolls is of 200-300 meters in length. It is then sent for singeing and desizing and then for bleaching and scouring.
stabilizer. thus giving a smooth surface to the fabric. the fabric. Utmost care is taken while singeing the fabric as it can get degraded by the flame of the gas burner.Ginni Filaments Pvt. as it will degrade the fabric. wetting agent. 162. Singeing Desizing machine (pad-steam) 3. After desizing. just after singeing. of machines - 5 Osthoff Benninger Osthoff 1. is kept for 8 hours and is rotated continuously in order to give reaction time for the enzymes to react over the size matter and disintegrate it. one for singeing and the second part for desizing. The desize liquor is prepared in a tank containing enzymes (of desired quantity as per the requirements of the buyer). The singeing desizing machine consists of two parts. Nishant Kumar . the fabric is sent for singeing and desizing. hydrogen peroxide and caustic soda. This flame burns the protruding fibers from the fabric surface. The fabric. The speed of the fabric is 110m/min.000 meters per day. is passed through the trough containing desize liquor at a temperature of 620C to 800C. the pick up of the fabric is 90%. The guide rolls are provided to keep the fabric aligned in the centre. Approximately 2000-3000 meters of fabric can be desized from 1500 liters of the liquor. Singeing Desizing machine (pad-steam) 2. The fabric is passed through the gas burners in such a way that both sides of the fabric come in contact with the flame. If the fabric does not have the desired tension then there is a possibility of it getting burnt by the flame. Ltd. While desizing. Singeing machine (pad-batch) After being opened by the greige department. sequestering agent. also the chemicals do not coagulate at one particular area. The production capacity of the machine is approx. The fabric is fed to the gas singeing machine through guide rolls. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . All these chemicals are mixed in 1500 liters of water and then this mixture is sent to the desize bath. Singeing and Desizing No.Textile Internship . in form of rolls.
In the case of the fabric being dyed black. NaOH (2-5%) and stabilizer for H2O2 (1%). Full bleaching is carried out for fabrics were pastel shades and bright shades are intended to be achieved. This company uses Hydrogen peroxide for the purpose of bleaching. Bleaching is of two types – 1) 2) Half bleaching Full bleaching If the fabric is to be dyed in very dark colors. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . wetting agent (1%).Ginni Filaments Pvt. half-bleach is carried out by halving most of the ingredients of bleaching. the process of bleaching is totally avoided.Textile Internship . Bleaching Bleaching is done to remove the natural grey color of the fabric so as to obtained white color before dyeing which is very important to achieve the right color shade on the fabric on dyeing. Nishant Kumar . The process is carried out at a temperature of 90100 degree Celsius for 2-3 hours. The main ingredients of the bleaching bath include H2O2 (8%-full bleach). This process is carried out on a separate machine. Ltd.
Tubular fabric without spandex The tubular fabric with spandex is split open and then heat set as the presence of spandex prevents the uniform penetration of dyes. Open width fabric 2.Textile Internship . The temperature in this machine can go upto 140-160 degree Celsius along with increased pressure. High Temperature High Pressure (HTHP) Dyeing Machines These machines are imported from Germany. The fabric is automatically unwounded and then reversed for uniform dyeing. The cloth is reversed again after the dyeing procedure is completed. Tubular fabric with spandex 3. Then the fabric is overlocked for the further dyeing process. While dyeing cotton. Nishant Kumar . Three types of fabric is dyed 1. Dyeing of tubular and open width is done using the same method as per cotton fabric dyeing requirements. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Ginni Filaments Pvt. Ltd. HTHP machines are used specifically for polyester (but can also be used to dye cotton). While atmospheric pressure dying machines are used for cotton. the time is greatly reduced with the expense being increased .
Jet dyeing Fabric is placed in a heated tube where jets of dye solution are forced through it at high pressures. BATCH DYEING PROCESS: Batch Dyeing Process is the most popular and common method used for dyeing of textile materials. yarn.Ginni Filaments Pvt. The solution moves faster than the cloth while coloring it thoroughly. rayon. Batch dyeing is also sometimes referred to as Exhaust dyeing. wool etc. Nishant Kumar . In batch processes. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . The fabric too moves along the tube. For example cotton. Some type of batch dyeing machines can function at temperatures only up to 1000oC. The time taken is also longer. This includes fibre. can be dyed at 1000oC or lower temperatures. This is because in this process. fabric or garment. nylon.Textile Internship . The dye is meant to 'exhaust' from dyebath to the substrate. Ltd. the dye gets slowly transferred from a comparatively large volume dyebath to the substrate or material that is to be dyed. textile substrates can be easily dyed at any stage of their assembly into the desired textile product.
Reduction takes place which converts the insoluble vat into a soluble leuco compound. 7. Ltd. The dye solution (for bulk dyeing) is sent to the lab for matching. 2. A sample of 1 m from each batch is sent and a recipe is created for the suitable dye and approved by the fabric dyeing department. 2. washes and cleans the fabric. Then oxidation takes place in the peroxide chamber which converts the leuco compound back to its insoluble form. This is padded on to the fabric and excess dye is squeezed out. PROCEDURE FOR DYEING: 1. Soaping removes the extra dye stuff. which increases the rate of reaction of dye uptake. It is then dried and stored. 3. 5. 3. 4.Textile Internship . neutralization takes place and the fabric is rolled onto batches. 4. 8.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Nishant Kumar . 6. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Next. Dyeing is carried out using VAT or Reactive dyeing method PROCEDURE FOR VAT DYEING: 1. Finally. steaming of the fabric is done in the pad steam machine. The fabric is then sent to the pad dry machine. Fabric is sent to the color lab. The ratio of quantities of the dye stuff is calculated according to the weight of the fabric required for bulk production. A dispersion of the vat dye is created.
The fabric batch is then rotated for about 16 hours for the reaction to take place between the dye and the fiber molecules. Washing of the fabric is done without steaming in the soaping process. 3. PADDER In the padding stage the fabric is wet by the dyeing solution. Neutralization takes place and the fabric is rolled onto batches. Ltd. 5.Ginni Filaments Pvt. PROCEDURE FOR REACTIVE DYEING: 1. enables drying of fabrics in between Teflon – Glass Conveyors in the shortest possible time and with an effect. almost similar to Tumbling effect. Dyeing is done through CPB (cold pad batch). Then as the fabric is passed through the two rolls the excess liquid is squeezed out. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Then the fabric is dried using one of several processes. It also stretches out and presses out the dyed fabric. with removable nozzles. 2. The machines used for dyeing are State of the art Thies high temperature high pressure soft flow dyeing machine model ECO-MASTER. RELEX DRYER This is employed to completely dry the tubular fabric. Nishant Kumar . 4. Vessel Capacity varies from 40kgs to 1080kgs. circulated with the help of specially positioned well designed jets. Fabric is padded and taken out wet.Textile Internship . A large volume of air.
Textile Internship . STENTER 1. or any wet process. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . the cloth will get wrinkled or creased. Padding of finishing chemical 2. Nishant Kumar . Fabric width controlling 4.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Bow-bias correction i. Stentering (done by "stenterers") removes these bumps. Ltd. Drying This is basically a smoothing out of the cloth.e. Because after bleaching. weft straightening 3.
Textile Internship . Cutter to remove the curls at the ends g. The steps involved are: a.) heated by steam to provide backside and front side compaction h. maintained at 300C. Nishant Kumar . Over feed rollers d. A roller for centering unit b. Weft straightener device for skew(2 rollers) or bowing(2 rollers) adjustments c. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . COMPACTION Compaction is similar to calendaring in wovens. 2 Teflon shoes to give desired pressure in percentage as per the requirement of the fabric quality.Ginni Filaments Pvt. 2 woollen felts heated through cylinders(135C. Ltd. IR heater to dry the gum (temp.) f. Gumming by Poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) e.
Harness Misdraw (reed Misdraw ) Knot Mispick Mis register ( out register ) Open read ( reed mark ) Sanforising mark Set mark ( stop mark) Skew Slub Snag Stain Temple mark Tight end/pick Uneven dyeing Warp streak Wrinkle Scalloped selvage Shuttle shuttle ) Slack end/pick Slug Soiled end/filling/yarn Thick /thin place Thin filing/end Tight (slack/wavy) selvage Uneven weaving mark ( trapped or NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Textile Internship . INSPECTION DEFECTS PRESENT IN THE FABRIC Abrasion mark Barre Bow Coarse end/pick Color fly (fly waste) Coarse end/ pick Dead cotton (trash) Double end/pick End out Fine end Hole Jerk-in Loose/tight course Needle line Pills Alien (foreign) fiber Bird’s eye Color bleeding/ staining Broken end/pick Color smear Crease mark Doctor streak Dropper stitch Filing bar Fuzzy Weavy cloth. Ltd.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Nishant Kumar .
15 points per 100 linear yard o Synthetic Woven . ACCEPTABILITY OF ROLL Fabric shipments exceeding the following points totals are considered to be second quality and are not acceptable o Warp knits – avg.avg.avg. INSPECTION EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS o Flat surface/viewing area o Variable speed drive and yardage or meter counter o Under carriage light o Overhead light o Clean inspection frame free of any sharp edges that would damage fabric o Tension free positive driven machines for knitted fabrics Inspection speed not to exceed 20 yards per min.avg. 15 points per 100 linear yard o Twills.avg. Inspection Lighting o Examination and grading is performed with overhead direct light o Overhead direct lighting mounted parallel to the viewing surface o Inspection frame tilted to left fabric pass at an angle of 40-60 to the horizontal NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .avg. linens . 0 points per 100 linear yard o Flat Knit Rib . 20 points per 100 linear yard o Body mapping .avg. 15 points per 100 linear yard o Blends weft knit yarns . Nishant Kumar . Ltd. cotton.Textile Internship . 0 points per 100 linear yard Defect calculation = Total defects/Total linear yards x 100 No individual roll is considered of first quality if the point is greater than 20per 100 linear yard. 0 points per 100 linear yard o Engineering prints .Ginni Filaments Pvt.
Nishant Kumar . Ltd.Textile Internship . Up to date 418.Ginni Filaments Pvt. The inspection is also performed depending on the urgencies of the orders NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . o In no case fabric should be rejected for faults only visible with the backlight if The fabric is not visible in garment form as would normally be worn The fault will not cost the fabric or garment to fail in its use 550 tonnes of monthly inspection is projected Around 18 tonnes of fabric is daily received out of which 17 tonnes are inspected and 13 tonnes are packed. o Overhead CWF lighting should be provided for an illumination level of a minimum of 100 foot candels (1075 LUX) on the surface of fabric o Backlight only should be used on an exception basis for specific fabric types and faults.3 tonnes of fabric has been packaged in the month The major defects that occur are rope marks and patchy.
The steps involved in the packaging are as follows: i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) Loading of the roll Scanning of the label Wrapping with plastic and cutting Sealing of the package through heated coils Roll is rotated and hot air is blown so that the plastic sticks together Label sticking Dispatching NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Ltd. Nishant Kumar . PACKAGING Packaging is carried out in the ground floor using an automatic packaging machine from Testa.Ginni Filaments Pvt.Textile Internship .
Eight different types of fabric can be packed at a time as the unloading is spread across 4 trolleys in either side of the conveyor belt. Nishant Kumar . Ltd.Stretch Ballon Padding Machine Drying (Tubular) Hiper . Capacity 1080Kgs ECO MASTER HT/HP Dyeing Machine. Capacity 360Kgs Padding Hiper .Shrink Relax Dryer Drying (Open Width) Carriers Compaction StenMech STENTER SINTEX FAB . Process Heat Setting Interlocking Dyeing Machine Juki M8o-665 Flatlock ECO MASTER HT/HP Dyeing Machine.CON Shoe type Compacting Machine NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .Ginni Filaments Pvt.Textile Internship .
Learning Experience Interning at the Textile manufacturing giant organization like GINNI FILAMENTS for two weeks is good platform for any internee who is pursuing a career in the field of garment and textiles. We also had a nice experience to see and understand the concepts and working of automated spinning unit . Nishant Kumar .Ginni Filaments Pvt. It was the first time we had an opportunity to get exposed to such a vast Textile Industry where the latest technology and the latest machines are being used. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . it was really a matter of surprise to acknowledge the well managed system of the huge infrastructure of Ginni Filaments. machine and the material in abundance and round the clock in a year to produce world class cotton fabrics.Textile Internship . Indeed. it was an amazing learning experience which we will be cherishing forever including the time spent at the canteen of the Ginni Filaments which served us with delicious food and will never forget the freezing cold days spent there making it a learning aspect overall . We had an opportunity to see the Ginni Filaments laboratory where world standard testing is done. As an internee. which is responsible for handling human resource. Ltd. It was really a nice and informative learning experience.
Anil Sharma . Arvind Singh . we had learnt different stages involved in the manufacture of a fabric and then to garments in theoretical manner.N. A. Ltd. Mr. It was a great experience working as a group and interacting with different people and getting the useful information on various departments and their functions & systems. Pankaj Dalal . This two weeks internship though was not our first visit to any textile industry but was very useful since information of every process involved starting from cotton in bales form to the finished fabric in dyed form were gathered in practical manner which has helped us to understand the processes more clearly . We are thankful to Mr. Mr. NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Sorabh Kohli . Mr. Mr. Mr. Mr.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Nishant Kumar .Mr. Acknowledgement As a student of Apparel Manufacturing and Information Technology.Sharma (General Manager[P&A]) . Aswani Kamra (AGM Production) . Puneet Arora and Mr. Nitin Saraswat (Welfare Officer) who guided us every second towards the work and gave their support and knowledge from the grass root level of the industry . Tapan Biswal . Mr.S. Through this textile internship we could co-relate the things and understood the practical implications of all the processes involved in a textile industry.Textile Internship .Ramakrishnan (DGM) .
Technology of Dyeing By Dr. Fabric Science By. Mechanism of Spinning Machines By-R.Vidyasagar 4.W S Murphy 8.Arthur Price.V.Textile Internship .Bernard P. Textiles Terms and Definitions Compiled by: The Textile Institute Textile Terms and Definitions Committee 3. Textile Weaving and Design By. Encyclopedia of Textiles By-P V Vidyasagar 7. Handbook of Textiles By-P. Bibliography 1.Ginni Filaments Pvt. Ltd. Ingrid Johnson 6.Paul V Seydal 5.A. Textiles-Fiber to fabric By. Textile Warp Sizing By-Dr. Allen C Cohen.Shenai 9.Corbman 2.S. V.Rengasamy NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek . Nishant Kumar .
www.ginnifilaments.Textile Internship .Ginni Filaments Pvt. II. Ltd. Nishant Kumar . Internet: 1.com NIFT Bangalore / DFT 2008-12 /Abhishek .
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