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McGraw-Hill’s CONQUERING THE NEW GRE Verbal and Writing (2011) 에 나오는 단어
1. abjure 주의, 의견을 버리다. He never did adjure his belief in the big bang theory. 2. abnegate (권리등을) 버리다. 자제하다. The king will abnegate power to his son, the prince. 3. accede 취임하다, 동의하다. Will the boss accede to her worker's demands? 4. accolade 칭찬, 명예 My father won an accolade for bravery in wartime. 5. acrimonious (말, 태도가) 매서운, 격렬한 Their divorce was acrimonious; only the lawyers won. 6. adroitly 교묘하게, Our waiter adroitly balanced several trays at once. 7. aegis 보호, 옹호 He negotiated under the aegis of the prime minister. 8. altruistic 애타주의 Giving away her favorite coat was an altruistic act. 9. ambience 환경, (장소의)분위기 I like the ambience at that tiny corner cafe. 10. anodyne 진통의, 진통제 The singsong music had an anodyne effect. 11. apostate 배신 Having left the church, he was called an apostate. 12. asperity 꺼칠꺼칠함 She spoke with asperity, but her eyes were twinkling. 13. assiduous 근면한 The carpenter was assiduous in lining up the .... 14. auspices 후원, 찬조 The club functions under the auspices of the college. 15. avarice 탐욕 Midas lost his only daughter to his avarice for gold. 16. bacchanal 큰술잔치, 야단법석 Chaperones kept the prom from being a bacchanal. 17. bastion 요새 The D.A.'s office is our bastion against crime. 18. beatific 축복을 주는 Accepting her award, she gave a beatific smile. 19. behemoth 거대기업 The elephant is the behemoth of the Indian forest.
20. bellicose 호전적인 Separating the twins kept them from being bellicose. 21. bellwether (전조의) 기준이 되는 Housing foreclosures(담보권행사, 압류) were a bellwether of recession (경기의 후퇴, 불경기). 22. benighted 무지한, 미개의 (=unenlightened) The benighted peasants through the Earth stood still. 23. bevy 무리, 떼 (esp. of girls) A bevy of young girls flowed through the mall. 24. bifurcate 두갈래진, 두갈래로 가르다. The bifurcate stream flowed east and southeast. 25. blandishment 비위를 맞추다, 아첨하다. She persuaded us both with blandishment and bribe. 26. boisterous 소란스러운, 난폭한 The merry, boisterous crowd cheered on the team. 27. brigand 산적, 도둑 That brigand was captured with the other pirates. 28. cajole 그럴듯한 말로 속이다. You cannot cajole me to try that new restaurant. 29. canard 허보(잘못된 정보) The suggestion that the senator is ill is just a canard . 30. celerity 속도, 신속 With great celerity, the rumor raced around town. 31. censure 비난, 혹평 The committee urged censure for his misconduct. 32. choleric 울화, 노여움, 성마름 (=bad-tempered) Her choleric nature kept the whole office on edge. 33. clemency 관대함, 인정많음, 자비로운 행위 The judgment was harsh, but clemency was possible. 34. contumely 모욕 Their contumely at his mistake was unbearable. 35. convivial 연회를 좋아하는, 명랑한 A convivial person makes friends wherever she goes. 36. coporeal 형체를 가진, 물질적인 Your corporeal assets may include houses or cars. 37. coterie 한패, 동아리, 동지 My coterie loves to celebrate birthdays as a group. 38. crux (문제나 쟁점의) 가장 중요한 부분 The crux of the matter seems to be affordability (감당할 수 있는, 알맞은..). 39. culpable 비난할만한 Insurance companies were held culpable in his death.
40. cupidity 탐욕, 굴욕 Isn't cupidity one of the seven deadly (치명적인, 생명을 앗아가는) sins? 41. deft 솜씨좋은 His deft fingers on the keyboard left us in awe. 42. deleterious 해로운 Chemical additives may be deleterious to our health. 43. demagogue 선동가 A demagogue wins power by stirring up the people. 44. deprecate 비난하다, 얕보다, 헐뜯다 Do not deprecate my small attempts at humor. 45. derision 비웃음, 조롱, 경멸 Dr. Ding's peculiar(기이한, 독특한) theory was met with derision. 46. diaphanous 투명한, 비치는 The dancers wore diaphanous skirts over leotards. 47. diffidence 자신이 없음, 수줍음 People often mistook her diffidence for rudeness. 48. dissipate 흩뜨리다. The crowd will dissipate after the concert ends. 49. dolorous 슬픈 That dolorous music brought tears to my eyes. 50. dotage 노망, 익애 In his dotage, he became more and more forgetful. 51. draconian 매우 엄격한 Trespassing laws in this country are draconian. 52. dulcet (음색이) 아름다운 We could hear the dulcet tones of her flute. 53. ebullience 열광적인 The children's ebullience was delightful to see. 54. edict (옛날의) 칙령, 법령, 포고, 명령 The king issued an edict demanding new taxes. 55. egregious 극악하게, 눈꼴사납게 Your rudeness toward the principal was egregious. 56. egress 떠남, 나감 The nearest egress led through a door to the patio. 57. elan 열의 Her joyful élan is her most charming feature. 58. elegiac 애가의 His reading at the funeral was lovely and elegiac. 59. epicure 미식가 I'm no epicure, but I do like visiting fine restaurants. 60. epitome 대표적인 것 Their ranch(농장) is the epitome of country living. 61. equivocal 모호한, 두가지 뜻으로 해석 될 수 있는 The evidence was equivocal and led nowhere.
62. eschew 피하다, 삼가다. Please eschew the passive voice in your writing. 63. euphonious 듣기좋은 The chirping of the birds made a euphonious sound. 64. exalt (신분, 관직, 품위, 명예 등) 높이다. That song was written to exalt the queen. 65. exhort ...에게 열심히 권하다, 훈계, 권고하다. Our professors exhort us to continue our studies. 66. expiate 속죄하다, 보상하다, 배상하다. He worked in s soup kitchen to expiate his misdeeds. 67. expunge 지우다, 말살하다. Can we expunge the record and start over again? 68. facile 피상적인, 천박한, 쉬운 His answer was too facile for so complex a problem. 69. fallible 틀리기 쉬운 To be human is to be fallible; we all err at times. 70. fealty 충성 (allegiance, loyalty) Knights pledged an oath(맹세) of fealty to their rulers. 71. fecund 다산의, 비옥한 Rabbits are quite fecund and produce many litters. 72. feign 겉으로 꾸미다. (구실따위를) 만들어내다. She may feign illness to avoid taking the test. 73. fervent 열렬한 It is my fervent hope that you will visit soon. 74. fetid 악취를 풍기는 (foul-smelling) After three days in the heat, the garbage was fetid. 75. fidelity 충실 This tape has great fidelity to the original recording. 76. filch 좀도둑하다. Did you filch my yogurt from the refrigerator shelf? 77. foist (가짜를) 안기다. He tried to foist his merchandise on innocent tourists. 78. fortuitous 우연의 Our meeting in the park was entirely fortuitous. 79. fulminate 호통치다, 맹렬한 비난을 받다. His anger may fulminate if you continue to tease him. 80. fulsome 몹시 역겨운, 억척스런 Her fulsome praise only made us mistrust her more. 81. gaffe 실수, 실책 Joe's worst gaffe came when he called Lisa "Lucy." 82. galvanize 활기띠게 하다. His brave speeches always galvanize his listeners.
83. gargantuan 엄청난 Three gargantuan derricks stood in the oil field. 84. genteel 품위있는, 지체높은 As one time, a genteel woman always wore gloves. 85. germane 밀접한 관계가 있는, 적절한 Your opinion is not germane to this discussion. 86. gibe 조롱하다. The continued to gibe at the speaker until he quit. 87. glib 유창한, 입담좋은 Glib responses are inappropriate in serious times. 88. grandiloquence 호화로운, 과장된 I prefer plain speaking to grandiloquence. 89. gratuitous 무료의, 까닭없는 Don’t put up with that woman’s gratuitous insults. 90. gustatory 맛의, 미각의 Sweet things appeal to my gustatory senses. 91. hackneyed 진부한, 상투적인 To use a hackneyed phrase, it’ll knock your socks off! 92. halcyon 평온한 The day was halcyon; not a cloud was in the sky. 93. hector 약한자를 괴롭히다, 허세를 부리다. Please don’t hector your teammates unnecessarily. 94. heinous 가증스런, 극악무도한 Superglueing his gloves was a heinous act. 95. hermetic 밀폐된 If the flask is hermetic, no air will escape or enter. 96. heterodoxy 이단, 이설 Her heterodoxy upset the elders of the church. 97. hiatus 중절, 틈 My favorite TV show is on hiatus for the summer. 98. hirsute 털이 많은 Will the boy grow to be as hirsute as his father? 99. histrionic 배우의, 연극의 With a histrionic gesture, she sent us on our way. 100. homily 설교, 훈계 In his homily, the pastor urged us to show respect. 101. humbug 속임수, 사기꾼 The wizard of Oz was something of a humbug. 102. idyll 목가시, 전원시 My professor read aloud an idyll by Tennyson. 103. ignominy 불명예, 수치 The captured criminals will now live in ignominy. 104. ilk 종류, 동류 People of that ilk rarely become managers. 105. impecunious 동전한푼없는, 무일푼의 Back then, most mine workers were impecunious.
106. imprecation 저주, 욕설 The witch’s imprecation doomed the princess. 107. incorrigible (나쁜 습관이) 고질적인, 구제 불능의 The distressed counselor called the boy incorrigible. 108. ingratiate 환심을 사다. You might ingratiate yourself by praising her work. 109. inimitable 흉내낼 수 없는, 비길데 없는, 독특한 The inimitable style of his poetry cannot be copied. 110. iniquity 부정, 죄악 A “den of iniquity” is a place where evil is done. 111. insouciant 태평한, 무심한 We could hear her insouciant whistling from indoors. 112. intrinsic 본질적인, 실제의, 내재하는 Jose seemed to have an intrinsic ear for music. 113. inveigh 통렬하게 비난하다, 독설을 퍼붓다. Customers inveigh about the company’s return policy. 114. irk 지치게하다, 지루하게만들다, 난처하게만들다. If you irk him, he will toss you out of his office. 115. itinerant 순회하는 The itinerant laborer moved from town to town. 116. jejune 무미건조한, 땅이 메마른 A jejune drama will not entertain this audience. 117. jeremiad 비탄, 한탄, 하소연 The speech was a jeremiad about the evils of slavery. 118. jibe 회전하다, (풍향에 따라) 돛이 회전하다. Our sailboat will jibe as it comes close to shore. 119. jocular 우스운, 익살맞은 A jocular actor is best for the job of store Santa. 220. judicious 사려(분별)있는, 현명한 His judicious plan appeased accused(피고인) and accuser(고소인). 221. juggernaut 불가항력 The storm was a juggernaut that crushed the town. 222. juxtapose 운동의, 활동력이 있는 The kinetic sculpture turns slowly on its base. 223. kismet 운명 Running into each other at the mall was kismet. 224. kudos 영예, 명성 We offered kudos for her fine dance performance. 225. lachrymose 눈물을 잘 흘리는, 슬픈, 슬픔을 자아내는 Although her tale was lachrymose, it made us giggle.
226. lambaste 몹시 꾸짖다. I will lambaste Carl for his unacceptable behavior. 227. lambent 부드럽게 빛나는, 가볍게 흔들리는 Lambent candles decorated each square window. 228. largesse (푸짐한) 부조, 선물 Our boss’s largesse extended to extra vacation days. 229. laudable 칭찬의 Her focus on protecting our wetlands was laudable. 330. libation 음주, 술 He poured a libation and toasted the New Year. 331. licentious 방탕한 Licentious material is banned from school computers. 332. limpid 맑은, 투명한 You could see to the bottom of the limpid stream. 333. lissome 재빠른, 기민한 The dancer’s lissome movements were soothing. 334. litany 용장한 말 His litany of complaints did nothing to persuade us. 335. lithe 유연한, 나긋나긋한 With a lithe leap, the gymnast landed on the beam. 336. lugubrious 애처로운, 슬픈듯한, 가엽은 We nearly laughed at the dean’s lugubrious tone. 337. luminary 지도자, 명사 / 발광체(태양, 달) We were joined by a luminary from the art world. 338. macerate (음식을) 연하게하다. (소화기관에서) 소화하다. The digestive system serves to macerate food. 339. mainstay 대들보 Reading instruction is the mainstay of education. 340. martinet 엄격한 교관, 규율관 My middle school principal was a stern martinet. 341. maudlin 감상적인, 걸핏하면 우는 Our great aunt sends us maudlin greeting cards. 342. meander 구부리다. 꼬부랑길 Three slow streams meander through the property (소유지, 대지). 343. mellifluous 꿀같이 감미로운, 유창한 The meadowlark has a pleasant, mellifluous song. 344. mendacity 허위, 거짓말하는 버릇 The man’s mendacity will lead others to mistrust him. 345. mendicant 구걸하는 A mendicant tugged at my coat and asked for help. 346. mercurial 마음이 변하기 쉬운 Her mercurial moods confused her roommates.
347. miasma (늪에서 나오는) 독기, 말라리아병독 A dank (=damp) miasma rose from the flooded swamp. 348. mien 풍채, 태도 At an interview, your mien should be professional. 349. misanthrope 인간을 혐오하는 사람 No misanthrope should ever run for public office. 350. miscreant 고약한, 비열한 Will the miscreant receive appropriate punishment? 351. modulate (목소리의 음조)를 바꾸다. Please modulate your voice in the library. 352. moribund 죽어가는, 절멸직전의 Onondaga may be considered a moribund language. 353. munificent 인심좋은, 후한 The munificent gift will build a new hospital wing. 354. mutable 변하기쉬운 Our opinions on the subject seem to be mutable. 355. nadir (역경, 절망 따위의) 밑바닥 The nadir of my career came when he fired me. 356. nebulous 희미한, 안개낀 His explanation was nebulous and left us baffled. 357. nefarious 악독한, 사악한 The convict’s nefarious crimes led to a life sentence. 358. nether 아래의, 지하의 Colonial women wore layers of nether garments. 359. nexus 연쇄적계열, 연접, 연쇄 Drugs may be a nexus between terrorism and crime. 360. niggardly 인색한 The broker left a niggardly tip of only fifty cents. 361. nihilism 니히리즘(기성, 도덕, 법질서, 제도에 관한 전면적 부정), 허무주의 Jude’s nihilism contrasts with his priestly (성직자의) garments. 362. noisome 해로운, 악취나는 A noisome stench arose where we were digging. 363. nonplus 난처하게하다. Their carefree attitude might nonplus their elders. 364. nostrum 묘약 The poet found love to be a nostrum for melancholy. 365. noxious 유해 Keep noxious chemicals out of the water supply. 366. nuance (어조, 어미, 감정 등의) 미묘한 차이 Notice the nuance in color between the two scarves. 367. nugatory 하찮은, 무가치한 His opinion was nugatory to the group’s decision. 368. obeisance 존경, 복종 The knight made humble obeisance before the duke.
369. obloquy 욕, 비난, 오명 Their obloquy seemed cruel and almost slanderous. 370. odious 밉살스러운, 싫은 His behavior is odious, and his speech is rude. 371. offal 부스러기 Dress the deer and throw the offal into the woods. 372. onus 책임 Her grandfather’s care is an onus she gladly bears. 373. ossify 냉혹하게하다. The dried gourds seemed to ossify in the hot sun. 374. ostracize 추방하다, 배척하다. Do not ostracize him because he disagrees with you. 375. ouster 추방 After her ouster from the club, she considered suing (sue: 고소하다). 376. overweening 뽐내는, 교만한 His overweening ambition nearly took over his life. 377. panache 당당한 태도, 겉치레, 허세 Aunt Ida wore her purple feather boa with panache. 378. parity 동등, 동격, 일치 Have women achieved parity in intramural (대학내의, 교내의) sports? 379. patois 방언 Many folks along the river speak a Creole patois. 380. peccadillo 가벼운죄, 사소한 잘못 (trifling) It was easy to forgive him for that mild peccadillo. 381. pedant 규정만 따지는 사람 I prefer a know-it-all to a rules-obsessed (..들다, 달라붙다, ..에 붙어괴롭히다.) pedant. 382. penumbra 명암, (두가지가 섞인 모호한 경계부) We saw the moon’s penumbra during the eclipse. 383. peregrination 편력, 여행 His peregrination took him many hundreds of miles. 384. perfidy 불신, 배신 Benedict Arnold is now famous mostly for his perfidy. 385. phalanx 밀집, 결사 The phalanx of horsemen closed in on the fortress. 386. picayune 하찮은 사람(것) Don’t trouble me with those picayune details. 387. piquant 짜릿한, 톡쏘는, 자극적인 The sauce was smooth, with a piquant aftertaste. 388. plait 주름, (머리카락, 밀집) 땋은것, 엮은것 Sarah Jane wrapped her long plait around her head. 389. platitude 평범, 진부 No platitude is likely to engage the audience.
390. plebeian 서민의, 평민의, 보통의, 진부한, 평범한 She thought bowling was too plebeian sport. 391. prosaic 평범한, 단조로운, 산문의, 산문체의 He described his vacation in flat, prosaic terms. 392. provenance 기원, 출처 What is the provenance of this oil painting? 393. puissance 권력, 세력 The puissance of the unions led to that new law. 394. pulchritude (여성의) 육체미, 아름다움 Are models supposed to be the height of pulchritude? 395. putative 추정되는, 상상의 The putative author was later shown to be illiterate. 396. quaff 단숨에 마시다. (술따위를) 벌컥벌컥마시다. We merrily quaff the punch at the office party. 397. quagmire 습지, 수렁 The quagmire of Vietnam sank several careers. 398. qualms 불안감, 염려, 걱정 She had some qualms about hiring the whistle-blower. 399. quandary 당혹, 곤혹, 궁지, 곤경 He was in a quandary about which job to take. 400. quay 부두, 선창, 방파제 Sailors docked the ships at the quay for unloading. 401. quell 진정시키다, 진압하다, 억누르다. Crackers may quell our hunger for a while. 402. queue 대기행렬 The queue at the ticket booth was long and restless. 403. quiescence 고요한, 움직이지않음, 정지 The deer’s quiescence ends with cooler weather. 404. quixotic 비현실적인 He has a quixotic belief in the goodness of humanity. 405. quotidian 매일의, 흔히있는, 일상의 My quotidian routine has become deadly dull. 406. raffish 저속한, 값싼, 평판이 나쁜, 방탕한 He looked confident in his raffish scarf and cap. 407. rapacious 욕심사나운, 탐욕스러운 The young lioness(암사자) has quite a rapacious appetite. 408. raucous 거슬리는, 시끄러운, 소란스러운 Their raucous laughter kept the rest of us awake. 409. regale 매우기쁘게하다, 만족시키다, 대접하다. Our host will regale us with food and
conversation. 410. repast 식사량, 식사시간 A long walk will help us to digest that ground repast. 411. replete 배가부른, 포식한, 가득한 Everyone was replete following the wedding feast. 412. respite 일시적중단 The long weekend was a welcome respite for all. 413. retinue (집합적)수행원, 시중 Rapper D never travels without a retinue of friends. 414. ribald 야비한, 상스러운 The comedian’s Jokes were ribald and shocking. 415. rife 유행하고 있는, 만연하는, 퍼져있는 Disease was rife in Europe during the middle ages. 416. rift 끊어진곳 After the earthquake, a rift appeared in the field. 417. riposte 재치있는 (예리한) 응수, 민첩한되찌르기, 재빨리 되찌르다. Her clever riposte stopped his argument in its tracks. 418. rostrum 연단, 강단, 설교단 The speaker stood behind a rostrum on the stage. 419. rue 후회하다, ..를 뉘우치다. You will rue the day that you angered my friend. 420. ruminate 깊이 생각하다. 숙고하다. In class, we will ruminate on the theme of madness. 421. sagacious 빈틈없는, 영리한 One hopes that one’s professors will be sagacious. 422. salutary 유익한, 건전한 Drinking water seems to be salutary to everyone. 423. sanguine 쾌활한, 낙천적인 He seemed oddly sanguine about the recession. 434. sardonic 냉소적인, 비웃는 In a sardonic tone, she suggested we look elsewhere. 435. saturnine 무뚝뚝한, 까다로운, 비뚤어진 Joe was saturnine, but his wife was always cheerful. 436. schism 분열, 불화 When did the schism in the catholic church occur? 437. sinecure (명목뿐이며 책무가 별로없는)한직 His sinecure with the governor’s office was a gift. 438. slake (욕망)을 채우다. The hikers can slake their thirst at the ranger station. 439. sobriquet 별명 The sobriquet “Lumpy” does not describe her figure.
440. sophomoric 자만하지만 미숙한, 아는체하는 They regretted playing such a sophomoric prank (농담). 441. sordid 더러운, 불결한 I quickly returned the sordid magazine to the shelf. 442. spate 격발, 말을 쏟아붓기 After a spate of e-mails, I heard nothing for weeks. 443. spurious 가짜의, 위조의 Your argument is spurious, it lacks sense and logic. 444. stalwart 강하고 용기있는, 착실한, 충실한 Big Ben is a stalwart, obedient hunting dog. 445. steadfast 확고한 A steadfast employee is likely to be rewarded. 446. stoic 금욕주의자, 스토아파 철학자 The young boy was stoic as he received his flu shot. 447. stymie 방해하다, 좌절시키다. One move helped the class master stymie his rival. 448. succinct 간단한, 간단명료한 Writing that is succinct is easier to understand. 449. supplicant 탄원하는, 간청하는 A supplicant stood palm upward beside the cathedral (대성당). 450. surmise 추측, 억측, 짐작 You might surmise that he is not a native speaker. 451. sycophant 아첨꾼, 추종자, 아부꾼 The king laughed at the sycophant behind his back. 452. tactile 촉각의, 촉감의 Reading Braille is tactile rather than visual. 453. taint 더럼, 얼룩, 흠집 /..를 더럽히다, 오염시키다. Don’t let prejudice taint your opinions and beliefs. 454. tautology 동의어중복, 중복어 It’s a tautology to say “This may be true or untrue.” 455. tawdry 값싸고 번지르르한 Her tawdry outfit was better suited to a saloon. 456. temerity 무모, 저돌, 뻔뻔스러움 It took temerity to question his captain’s orders. 457. terse 간결한, 야무진 He gave a terse reply to our lengthy question. 458. timorous 무서워하는 A mouse is timorous by nature, but a fox is sly (교활한, 음흉한). 459. toady 알랑거리는 사람, 아첨꾼 The toady was always ready with an oily compliment. 460. tome 큰책, 학술서적 She lugged the weighty tome from the library. 461. torrid 찌는듯이 무더운, 열정적인 They carried on a torrid correspondence for years.
462. tout 성가시게 권유하다. I always tout her books to all of my friends. 463. traverse 가로지르다. Are you allowed to traverse the bridge on foot? 464. travesty 익살스럽게 고쳐놓은것 The trial was a travesty; the judge was half asleep. 465. trenchant 날카로운, 예리한, 명확한 Oscar Wilde was known for his trenchant wit. 466. truculent (말투가)신랄한, 날카로운, 공격적인 싸움투의 His truculent speech won him new enemies. 467. turbid 흐린, 탁한 The turbid water may hide many sharp rocks. 468. turpitude 비열함, 야비, 수치스러운성격 Crimes of moral turpitude may lead to deportation (추방). 469. ubiquitous 도처에 존재하는, 편재하는 Cell phones seem to be ubiquitous in high schools. 470. umbrage 불쾌, 노여움, 분개 She took umbrage when I laughed at her dog. 471. unctuous 간살부리는, 말주변이좋은 His unctuous smile was obviously insincere. 472. undulate 물결치는, 파도처럼 움직이는 The rattlesnake seemed to undulate over the sand. 473. unkempt 흐트러진 Please comb your unkempt hair before going out. 474. unsung 세상에 알려지지 않은 The soldier’s bravery was unsung; he won no medal. 475. urbane 합법화하다. Clyde seemed rather urbane after his tour abroad. 476. usurp …를 빼앗다, 강탈하다. They cannot usurp power without support from us. 477. usury 고리, 고리대금, 이자 Some credit card companies seem to practice usury. 478. vacuous 빈, 공허한 Her vacuous stare made her appear bored and silly. 479. vagary 변덕, 일시적인기분 A vagary in the weather dumped six inches of snow. 480. vainglorious 자만심이 강한, 허영심을 나타내는 She has no cause to act in such a vainglorious way. 481. valor 용기, 대담, 용맹 Valor on the field of battle was crucial for a knight. 482. vanquish 정복하다, 억제하다. Our debating team will vanquish all rival teams.
483. venal 매수되기쉬운, 돈으로 움직이는, 돈에 좌우되는 A venal player might throw a game for money. 484. venerable 존경할만한, 공경할만한 The venerable chief had ruled for nearly fifty years. 485. vicissitude 변화, 변동 A vicissitude in fortune enabled him to go to college. 486. vilify 비방하다, 욕하다. The columnist tried to vilify the author in print. 487. virago 악녀, 바가지긁는여자, 잔소리꾼 Katharina is a virago in the taming of the shrew. 488. virulent 극독의, 맹독의, 치명적인 Anthrax is a disease caused by a virulent bacterium. 489. vitiate …을더럽히다, 부패시키다, …을 손상시키다. Sudden wealth can vitiate a well-meaning person. 490. vitriol (비유적)신랄한 말, 통렬한 비꼼, 혹평 I will not listen to such vitriol about my friend. 491. vituperate …을 심하게 나무라다, 욕하다, 질책하다. No good coach should vituperate a losing them. 492. voluble 수다스러운, 유창한 Her voluble oration (연설) kept us from adding one word. 493. waft 가볍게날리다, 가볍게떠돌게하다. Dead leaves waft on the cool autumn breeze. 494. wanton 까닭없는, 악의가있는, 무자비한, 무정한 Wanton cruelty to animals is always appalling (간담을 서늘하게하는, 끔찍한). 495. waspish 화를잘내는, (말,태도따위가) 쏘는듯한, 비꼬는 Dinah’s waspish personality irritated (irritable: 성마른, 화를 잘내는) her sister. 496. wastrel 낭비자, 방탕자 The young wastrel soon squandered (낭비하다) his inheritance (상속, 계승, 상속권). 497. whet (칼)갈다, (식욕,흥미)를자극하다. Delicious kitchen odors may whet your appetite. 498. wily 교활한, 간교한 My wily puppy found a way to open the pantry door. 499. winnow 까부르다, 키질하여가르다. Wash the berries and winnow out any unripe ones. 500. wizened 시든 Her wizened face seemed both wise and kindly. 501. wraith 망령, 유령 The fog hung like a wraith over the churchyard. 502. xenophobia 외국인공포(혐오증) Severe xenophobia kept him from enjoying travel.
503. yammer 떠들어대다. Must you yammer on about your troubles? 504. yaw 침로를 벗어나 좌우로 흔들리면서 나아가다. The plane might yaw as it flies through the storm. 505. yurt 이동식원형텐트 My cousins lived in a yurt for the summer. 506. zealous 열심인, 열중한 Paul is a zealous fan of the Cleveland Browns.
507. zenith 정점, 절정 At the zenith of their climb, they saw the sea below. 508. zephyr 미풍, 산들바람 A constant zephyr warms their island home. 509. ziggurat 지구라트 (고대 바빌로니아, 앗시리아의 피라미드형 사원) The Mayans built a ziggurat overlooking the ocean. (문장) 510. Orly’s directions to the soccer fields were completely ambiguous (애매모호한, 여러가지로 해석가능한); I could interpret them in so many different ways that they impeded (방해하다) my attempts to get there rather than helping me. 511. Orly admits that he is m aladroit (솜씨없는, 서투른) at giving directions under the best circumstances; however, that is exacerbated (약화시키다) by the fact that he is new to town and barely knows his own way around. 512. An atmosphere of antipathy (반감, 혐오) seemed to permeate (널리퍼지다) the campus on the weekend. We played against the Springfield state panthers our biggest rivals. 513. Whenever we play the Panthers (검은표범), even a tradition as innocuous (무해한) as a pep rally (생기있는 집회) can cause a conflagration (큰불, 대화제) of hostility among the students. 514. The prosecutor’s attempt to nonplus (혼란스럽게하다) the defendant were ultimately abortive (무산된, 수포로 돌아간); either he had been coached extremely well to be on the witness stand or he was simply confident in his innocence. 515. Finally the prosecutor became so desperate that he resorted to blatant (야단법석의) harassment (harass: 괴롭히다), and the attorney (대리인, 변호사) for the defense loudly lodged an ardent (열정적인) objection. 516. The credit card company has draconian (아주엄격한) policies by most standards; even one delinquent (체납되어있는, 의무를 게을리하는) payment can double a cardholder’s
interest rate and result in huge fees. 517. Now the company has been ordered by a court to remunerate (보답하다, 보수를 지불하다) some cardholders who paid late once but were by no means lackadaisical (부주의한, 태만한) customers. 518. Diana’s lack of confidence in her supervisory skills causes her to reply in an astringent way to those who seem to gainsay (반박하다, 부인하다) her directives. 519. Her moratorium (일시적 정지) on laughter during staff meetings, though, was what caused her staff to start calling her pejorative (경멸, 비난적인) names, such as Dictator (독재자) Diana, behind her back. 520. The normally lethargic (무기력) city council is finally taking action in response to the waxing (wax: 강해지다, 커지다) public anger about the number of accidents at Third and Oak Streets. 521. The public has made it clear that the ramifications (분파) for inaction on this issue will be dire (대단히심각한, 엄청난, 지독한). 522. Raul’s attempts to delve (탐구하다) into the case were futile (하찮은, 쓸데없는) as it was difficult to get a straight answer from the only eye witness. 523. The eye witness only gave enigmatic (수수께끼같은, 불가사의한) replies, flatly refusing to be concerned that his intractability (고집센, 다루기힘든) was preventing the case from ever coming to court. 524. After spending the day in crowded malls, Gayle found the sanctuary (안식처, 피난처) of a shaded park a welcome respite (곤경, 불쾌한일의 일시적중단, 한숨돌리기). 525. The subtle (은은한) fragrance of flowers and grass formed a gratifying (만족시키다) contrast to the overpowering (강력한) redolence (redolent: 향기로운) of the perfume counter at which she worked. 526. After much debate, the senator was forced to admit that his plan was simply chimerical (현실과 동떨어진), devoid (…이 빠진, …이 전혀 없는 [of]) of any real basis in solid public policy. 527. Once the bill had been withdrawn, time pressures made it necessary to draft (초안) a replacement with a greater sense of exigency (긴급, 위급, 절박한사정, 급선무) than before. 528. The coming of spring seems to infuse (고취하다 [with], (신념, 용기)불어넣다) everyone with a sense of joviality (즐거움), particularly after a long or harsh winter.
529. Vernal (봄에생기는, 봄의) delights such as blossoming plants and longer days with more sunshine can make even the most dedicated stoic (금욕주의) more cheerful. 530. The climactic (절정) moment of the play isn’t until the penultimate (어미에서 두번째의) scène, so the audience gets only one short scene of wrap-up after the main action. 531. Under close scrutiny (정밀검사), though, the playwright (극작가)’s intentions become clear: she doesn’t tie up loose ends very well because she wants the audience to leave with a sense of disquiet (불안, 안정을 어지럽히다). 532. The menu was clearly drawn from a mélange (혼합물) of disparate (본질적으로 다른) sources, as Indian, Mediterranean (지중해인종의), and American Southwest dishes were all represented. 533. It would have been easy for the selections to seem like a scattered assortment, but under the chef’s savvy (상식, 이해) direction, the dishes chosen appeared perfectly attuned (맞추다, 조절하다, 조화시키다) to each other. 534. The soft music programmed on the concert would have had a somnolent (졸린) effect were it not for a single aleatory (우연에 의한) element: occasionally the piano seemed out of tune. 535. To demystify (명확하게 설명하다) the cause, the composer indicated in the program notes that a softball should be placed in the strings of the piano to produce discordant (불협화음) sounds. 536. Sara’s brief visit to a smelly pig farm, though cursory (조잡한, 엉성한), convinced her that she could never live in such a noisome (불쾌한) environment. 537. Having grown up around horses, she found that she far preferred equine (말의, 말과같은) smells to the porcine (돼지의, 돼지와같은) ones at the pig farm. 538. The putative (추정되는) cause of Marco’s dismissal was the prank he had played on his boss the week before, for which he naively (타고난, 자연그대로의, 소박한) believed he would not be punished. 539. Most of his coworkers, however, were unaware that he had been found guilty of a far more grievous (통탄할, 극심한) infraction: he had filched (좀도둑하다) over a thousand dollars out of various cash registers. 540. Carmen’s frustration with her husband’s frugality (frugal: 검소한, 절약하는) finally came to a head when he refused to spend five more dollars for a nonstop flight, and she called him a
parsimonious (인색한) miser (구두쇠). 541. His response was that they wouldn’t have to worry so much about money if Carmen were not such an edacious (탐식하는, 대식의) spendthrift (돈을 헤프게 쓰는). 542. Ari was known as a m ugwump (당의 정책에 협력하지 않는 정치가) to his friends who liked to discuss politics: however, this senatorial race is so heated that even he will opine (의견을 밝히다) that the incumbent (재임자) must go. 543. He tells anyone who will listen that the current senator is jingoist (강경외교론자, 맹목적 이기주의자), and the time has come for politicians who have the sense to be pacifists (평화주의자) and diplomats. 544. Shahira enjoys spending summers on the lake, where she may placidly (잔잔하게) enjoy the scenery and silence, away from the constant clamor (시끄러운외침) of the city. 545. Her children, however, have more urbane (세련된, 예의바른, 점잖은/urban 도시에 사는) tastes: they think that life away from the comforts of the city is a little too rustic (시골풍의, 전원의) 546. Josh seems distant, but those close to him know that his aloofness (무관심) is just a facade (외관, 정면). 547. Clearly Josh’s insecurities m anifest (명백한, 명시하다) themselves in ways that make him seem cold and dispassionate (냉정한, 공평한 =impartial). 548. The normally brusque (무뚝뚝한) critic for the local paper is profuse (다량의, 많은) with admiration for the sculptor’s new exhibit. 549. Frankly though, I don’t think it deserves that much adulation (adulate: 아첨하다); while technically stunning, it is not at all as artistically nuanced (미묘한 차이) as his previous work. 550. Clouds on the horizon may very well portend (전조가되다, 예고하다) rain, but rarely are they harbingers (예고되다) of tornadoes. 551. Should those clouds be coupled with a tornado siren, however, it is foolhardy (무모한) not to assume that you are in imminent (절박한) danger. 552. Rarely have I met such an egocentric (자기중심의) individual as Howard; any topic of conversation will induce (권유하다, 설득하다) him to start a story about one of his fabulous (믿기어려운, 우화적인) adventures. 553. As our friends will attest (증언), he once spent half an hour telling us how he was
considered the epitome (대표) of a model student and athlete in high school. 554. The collection of volumes in the library is so eclectic (취사선택적인) that I suspect one could find books on even the most arcane (신비로운) of topics. 555. However, gaining access the collection is hardly a nominal (명목상의) task; all but the most respected scholars typically have to grovel (굽신거리다) at the librarian’s feet to gain admission. 556. The small town on the edge of the woods attracts many tourists who brave losing themselves on Byzantine (비잔틴의, 복잡미묘한) trails to enjoy the sylvan (숲의) landscapes. 557. For visitors who love exotic (외국의, 이국적인) food, though, the town’s two restaurants, a diner and a steak house, seem rather pedestrian (보행자). 558. Harriet’s long-standing m elancholia (우울증) has isolated her, making her something of a social pariah (버림받은, 따돌림받는사람) among those who prefer cheerier companionship. 559. Though she has tried lately to be more cheerful, even the most altruistic (이타적인) of her acquaintances considers her a hopeless curmudgeon (괴팍한 사람). -Select two answer choices that (1)complete the sentence in a way that makes sense and (2) produce sentences that are similar in meaning. (아래의 문장들에서 괄호안에 있는 두 단어가 답이 되는 것) 560. The World Cup took place on the continent of Africa for the very first time in 2010; (expectations/prospects) were high for an exciting and well-attended. 561. Everyone had heard of the poet John Milton, but few realize that his father, also John Milton, was an (admired/esteemed) composer. 562. Unless you have traveled (extensively/widely) in Northumberland, England, you have probably never been to the tiny village of Swarland. 563. Although most land snails are (juvenile/diminutive), the giant African snail is a notable exception; it can be 15 inches long and weigh 2 pounds. 564. The Profile in Courage Award is given to individuals who risk their lives or (careers/livelihoods) in pursuit of the public good. 565. Beautified by the Catholic Church in 1765, Italian cleric Ludovico Sabbatini is (venerated/honored) each year on the day of his death, June 11.
566. Despite the fact that the Ozarks of Missouri and Arkansas are (labeled/dubbed) mountains, the region is in fact a high plateau. 567. The so-called Superfund (authorizes/sanctions) two kinds of actions: emergency removal of hazardous materials and long-term remediation of pollution and toxic substances. 568. Nanoscience is the study of very small things; the word nano (stems/derives) from the Greek word for “dwarf.” 569. After Charlie Ebbets (bankrolled/financed) its construction by selling his shares in the team, Ebbets Field formally opened in 1913. 570. Very little is known about the (dialect/language) known as Eskayan, and there are currently no native speakers of that unusual tongue. 571. In what was only Rafer Johnson’s fourth competition, he (surpassed/outstripped) the existing world record in the decathlon. 572. Following the Treaty of Rockilde in 1658, Kronoberg Castle in Sweden lost its importance as a military structure and fell into (disuse/neglect). 573. Although his original mission was a failure, Russian botanist Michael Friedrich Adams achieved an unexpected (triumph/success) when he found, by chance, the carcass of a woolly mammoth. 574. The Chicago journal known as Poetry has been the launching pad for many poets since its (foundation/inception) in 1913; among them, T.S.Eliot, Gwendolyn Brooks, and John Ashbery. 575. Because free hydrogen does not exist in nature, it cannot be (considered/thought of as) a primary energy source, as coal or oil can. 576. The phrase “bread and circuses” refers to early Roman politicians’ plans to (secure/earn) the votes of the poor by handing out cheap food and entertainment. 577. Pseudonyms are used for a variety of reasons, mostly (covert/clandestine); for example, to deny an actor’s ethnicity, to conceal an author’s gender, or to hide a revolutionary’s true identity. 578. After the Spanish conquest of South America, Catholic priests fought against “pagan” rituals, and as a result, the popular use of hallucinogenic plants was largely (suppressed/restricted). 579. Frederick Law Olmsted’s design of New York’s Central Park was (inspired/influenced) in part by the designer’s visit to England’s Derby Arboretum in 1859.
- Complete the text by picking the best entry for each blank from the corresponding column of choices. 580. Although people in the Middle Ages did wash from time, only the wealthy could (afford) to heat water for a bath. 581. Because his valise (작은여행가방) was so (cumbersome-다루기힘든,크고무거운), Jason found he had to stop at regular intervals to (relieve) his arms and back. 582. The proposal (enumerated) in great detail exactly which equipment would be purchased with the grant money and why each piece of equipment was (needed) to make the natural sciences department more (august-위엄있는). 583. (Analgesics) such as aspirin are available in most pharmacies. 584. He was considered a (tyro-초보자) because he’d never before attempted this particular craft. 585. Their (perambulation), or roundabout walk, took place daily at teatime. 586. The lecture was (riveting), not at all dull as we’d been warned. 589. Her speaking voice was as (mellifluous) as the swish of velvet drapes. 590. Although Hector was (affronted) by the cartoon, Louse found it inoffensive. 591. Just as cows look bemused (어리벙벙하게만들다) and detached as they chew their cuds(되새김질거리), so Luisa had an air of (distraction-집중을 방해하는것) as she chewed gum for hours in class. 592. The actor’s performance was so absurdly (우스꽝스러운, 터무니없는) (maudlin-넋두리를 하는, 감상적인) that Gwen felt a little ashamed to have to resort to (다른 대안이 없어서 특히 좋지못한것에 기대다, 의지하다) tissues in the final scene. 593. Although his friends insisted that his black garb (의복) was simply depressing, Peter felt just the opposite-that it gave him an air of upbeat, (urbane) maturity. 594. The gross (총체의) negligence (부주의, 태만, 과실) of the bank managers seemed so (odious-끔찍한, 혐오스러운) to the general population that the minor (peccadillos- 사소한잘못, 실수) of their underlings inspired little anger at all. 595. Your (blandishment-아첨, 감언이설) do not impress us; furthermore, such false flattery can only serve to (counteract-대응하다) the sincerity of your proposal.
596. Due to the many (gaffes-공식적인자리나 사교모임에서 범하는 실수) in his committee presentation, Mark’s advisor suggested that he revise his work and practice in front of a mirror before presenting it to the entire department. 597. The wealthy donor was known for his annual acts of (largesse-관대한) throughout the community, but even more (laudable-칭찬할만한) was the fact that he was willing to get his hands dirty and serve the needy through hard physical labor as well as through (endowments-기부, 기증) and gift. 598. The children love to (regale-기쁘게하다,만족시키다) their parents with songs and dances from popular shows; their (raucous-시끄러운, 소란스러운) hilarity(흥겹게떠들기, 유쾌, 즐거움) may be heard throughout the neighborhood. 599. Although I consider myself moderately “green,” I am not nearly as (zealous-열광적인, 열심인) as my friend Simon, who refuse to eat anything grown more than 50 miles away. 600. Syria spent a good deal of money attempting to achieve a kind of military (parity-동등) with Israel. (As a result), its coffers were nearly empty by the mid-1980s, and the Syrian people faced a life of (privation-결핍,궁핍) and hardship. 601. As the release of the annual report drew near; it was clear that more than a few employees suspected the company was on the verge of bankruptcy; the belief was (pervasive=widespread) throughout the organization. 602. Gladys took a (pragmatic=practice) approach to problem solving, so when the committee needed ideas on how to create more how-cost public transportation, she suggested they study what worked well in other cities with similar needs. 603. The jury’s verdict (판단, 판정) was such a surprise that the populace (서민, 대중) rioted (riot: 소란, 폭동, 소동) in the streets; nothing less than a reversal of the verdict could (mollify=calm down) them. 604. Political comedy, largely viewed as (subversive: 전복시키는, 파괴적인) even in countries in which it is legal and part of the culture, may have an opposite effect on society from the one its creators (intend). 605. The councilman (지방의회의 의원, 고문관) was a highly respected, even (venerate: ..을 존경하다, 공경하다) member of society, so when he was accused (고발당한, 비난받는) of fraud (사기), people were stunned (stun: 어리벙벙하게하다, 깜짝 놀라게하다) 606. Most of the teachers considered the infraction (위반, 위배) minor; the head of the department, on the other hand, responded with such (reproof: 책망, 질책, 꾸지람) that it
caused the others to rethink their own classroom behavior. 607. While still a (nascent: 태어나려고하는, 발생기의, 초기의) technology, the Internet made dramatic shifts in the way individuals accessed information, communicated with others, and (traded) products on a scale that would have been (unfathomable: 너무깊어 측량할 수 없는) a decade earlier. 608. Some psychologists believe that parents who want to (encourage) intellectual curiosity in their children should try to answer even the silliest and most (inane: 얼빠진, 어리석은) questions the children ask. 609. Despite Nathan’s (antipathy: 반감) toward all things French he could not help being amused by Rita’s reinterpretation of the Moliere play. 610. No longer can the town (fund) expensive snow removal. (Starting) from the date of this new resolution, they will require the townspeople to be responsible for their individual sidewalk clearance. 611. ascetic = abstemious (strict, frugal) 612. preclude = obviate (prevent) 613. incriminate = inculpate (lay blame on) 614. sanction = condone (approve) 615. acerbic = sardonic (biting, sharp) 616. attenuate = assuage (satisfy) 617. calumny = denigration (slander) 618. ascertain = verify (make sure, prove) 619. quandary = dilemma (sticky situation) 620. spurn = eschew (reject) 621. clemency = leniency (mercy) 622. nugatory = trifling (unimportant) 623. fulsome = immoderate (excessive) 624. injurious = noxious (harmful)
625. unwarranted = gratuitous (unnecessary) 626. wraith = specter (ghost) 627. asperity = curtness (harshness) 628. jocose = facetious (joking) 629. neophyte = novice (beginner) 630. blameworthy = culpable (at fault) 631. inveigh = rail (complain bitterly) 632. abnegate = renounce (give up) 633. dissolute = debauched (having loose moral standards) 634. airtight = hermetic (sealed) 635. rancorous = acrimonious (full of resentment) 636. lugubrious = somber (gloomy) 637. bellicose = combative (eager to fight) 638. censure = rebuke (scold, reprimand) 639. circumvent = bypass (go around) 640. commendable = laudable (worth of praise) 641. egress = outlet (a way out) 642. voluble = garrulous (talkative) 643. archetype = paradigm (model) 644. lissome = lithe (agile, flexible) 645. fluctuating = mutable (changing) 646. schism = rupture (split) 647. trenchant = caustic (biting) 648. vacuous = inane (silly)
649. miscreant = malefactor (evildoer) 650. celerity = alacrity (speed) 651. succumb = capitulate (give in) 652. vilify = malign (badmouth) 653. cantankerous = choleric (irritable) 654. hackneyed = trite (clichéd) 655. regale = divert (entertain) 656. adhere = affix (stick) 657. obstreperous = truculent (disobedient) 658. nefarious = reprehensible (wicked) 659. annihilate = eradicate (get rid of) 660. quixotic = idealistic (unrealistically romantic) 661. avarice = greed, cupidity, materialism 662. cajole = coax, persuade, wheedle 663. edict = proclamation, announcement, decree 664. germane = relevant, pertinent, applicable 665. inimitable = unique, unmatched, incomparable 666. kismet = fate, luck, destiny 667. meander = wander, ramble, wind 668. odious = hateful, abhorrent, loathsome 669. ribald = coarse, vulgar, bawdy 670. turbid = cloudy, murky, muddy’
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