P. 1
Quantum Mechanics Review

Quantum Mechanics Review

4.0

|Views: 3,073|Likes:
Published by 005235

More info:

Published by: 005235 on Dec 08, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/21/2013

pdf

text

original

We can apply the above method to obtain the eigenfunctions in the position represen-

tation without solving the Schrodinger equation. We have

ˆa|0 = 0

which, in position representation, corresponds to

ˆaψ0

q +

d

dq

ψ0 = 0

dψ0

dq =

qψ0

dψ0
ψ0

=

qdq

ln(ψ0) =

2 q2

+C

ψ0 = Ae−mω

2 q2

where A is a normalization constant.

1 =

ψ∗0ψ0 = A2

e−mω

q2

dq = A2

2mωA =


π

1/4

Giving the ground state wave-function:

ψ0(q) =


π

1/4

e−mω

2 q2

The excited states can be obtained by repeatedly applying the creation operator:

|n = 1

n!

(ˆa†)n

|0

which, in the position representation, corresponds to:

ψn(q) =


π

1/4

1
n!

2

n/2

q

d

dq

n

e−mω

2 q2

This is equivalent to:

ψn(q) =


π

1/4

1
n!

1

2n/2e−mω

2 q2

Hn

q

where Hn is a Hermite polynomial.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->