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Feed Mechanisms Workaids

Feed Mechanisms Workaids

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Published by Gaurav Shakya

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Published by: Gaurav Shakya on Dec 08, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Objectives: Examine the basic components of sewing machines and work aids Discuss the effect of equipment on product quality and performance

Feed mechanisms control the direction of fabric movement and the amount of fabric movement for each stitch. There are continuous feeds, intermittent feeds, top feeds, bottom feeds, and simultaneous feeds. Feed mechanisms affect stitch length and the rate of travel. Many feed mechanisms are specific to the type of machine, while others are specific to the operation. Most machines have bottom-drop oscillation feeds called feed dogs that rotate in an elliptical pattern below openings in the throat plate. Feed dogs (feed teeth) rise above the throat plate and carry the fabric toward and away from the needle and drop down and away from the fabric as the needle descends into the fabric to form a stitch. Feed mechanisms must be synchronized with needle motion so fabric is moved only when the needle is rising and completely out of the fabric. Feed dogs can be changed to suit a specific operation, type of seam, and type of fabric. Fine feeds (20 or more teeth per inch) will cause less damage than larger teeth that are more widely spaced. Rubber feed dogs may minimize damage on delicate fabrics, while larger metal teeth are suitable for more rugged materials. Performance of feed dogs is also dependent on the amount of pressure from the presser foot. Feed dogs and presser feet should be selected to complement each other. The wrong combination of feed dogs, presser foot, and amount of pressure can cause skipped stitches, uneven stitching, and damaged fabric. WORK AIDS Work aids are labor-saving devices used to simplify an operation, reduce handling, increase productivity, improve work quality, and reduce operator fatigue. Many work aids have been developed to facilitate the use of basic equipment and make it more adaptable to specific operations. Carefully selected work aids can often produce significant savings. Work aids can be purchased, created by research and development departments, or developed by engineers, mechanics, and technicians on the production floor. Work aids may be used in all types of operations including cutting, sewing, and finishing, but they are most widely used in the sewing room because of the accuracy and labor intensity required. The possibilities are endless and here we can cover only a few of the more common aids in this text. Some work aids depend on manual involvement by an operator. Others may operate

mechanically or by pneumatics or electronics. These include separate devices, attachments, and machine options. Separate Devices Separate devices positioned in the workstation are frequently used to facilitate operations and for materials handling. These may include bundle trucks or carts, stands for positioning bundles so they are easily accessible to the operator's grasp, bins or racks for easy disposal of parts when sewing is completed, or snips for cutting thread. Clamps are helpful in maintaining orderly stacks of parts. Attachments Attachments are primarily mechanical work aids that can easily be added or removed from the machine or work station according to the requirements of a particular sewing operation. Attachments may be stationary, swivel, slide, or pivotal in order to be engaged and disengaged from the area of operation. Attachments often assist an operator in guiding, positioning, folding, and regulating the materials during the sewing operation. Guides Guides are designed to facilitate alignment, accuracy, and consistency in positioning and stitching the fabric. They may provide both a tactile and visual focal point for an operator. The principle of tactile response can be compared to driving on a curbed road. The driver becomes sensitive to the position of the wheels relative to the curb. Contact with the curb is a sure indicator of being too close. For manual operations, using both tactile and visual senses is preferred. Use of tactile guides may increase the rate of production, but visual alignment is needed to develop accuracy. Folding devices Folding devices are used to position trim just in front of the needle. For example, bias strips can be applied by drawing the binding off a roll above or to the side of the machine and through a folder and tensioning device before reaching the needle. The folder, which is an open-ended funnel, causes the edges to turn to the underside as it passes through to the needle. The exact position of the attachment on the cloth plate may be a factor in how bias strips or other trims are applied. Attachments may also be used to fold various types of edge finishes and trims, including hems.

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