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Tech Note

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Published by: freed1 on Dec 08, 2011
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RAR version 4.

01 - Technical information ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ THE ARCHIVE FORMAT DESCRIBED BELOW IS ONLY VALID FOR VERSIONS SINCE 1.50 ========================================================================== RAR archive file format ========================================================================== Archive file consists of variable length blocks. The order of these blocks may vary, but the first block must be a marker block followed by an archive header block. Each block begins with the following fields: HEAD_CRC HEAD_TYPE HEAD_FLAGS HEAD_SIZE ADD_SIZE 2 1 2 2 4 bytes byte bytes bytes bytes CRC of total block or block part Block type Block flags Block size Optional field - added block size

Field ADD_SIZE present only if (HEAD_FLAGS & 0x8000) != 0 Total block size is HEAD_SIZE if (HEAD_FLAGS & 0x8000) == 0 and HEAD_SIZE+ADD_SIZE if the field ADD_SIZE is present - when (HEAD_FLAGS & 0x8000) != 0. In each block the followings bits in HEAD_FLAGS have the same meaning: 0x4000 - if set, older and remove it if clear, the file when the RAR versions will ignore the block when the archive is updated. block is copied to the new archive archive is updated;

0x8000 - if set, ADD_SIZE field is present and the full block size is HEAD_SIZE+ADD_SIZE. Declared block types: HEAD_TYPE=0x72 HEAD_TYPE=0x73 HEAD_TYPE=0x74 HEAD_TYPE=0x75 HEAD_TYPE=0x76 HEAD_TYPE=0x77 HEAD_TYPE=0x78 HEAD_TYPE=0x79 HEAD_TYPE=0x7a marker block archive header file header old style comment header old style authenticity information old style subblock old style recovery record old style authenticity information subblock

Comment block is actually used only within other blocks and doesn't exist separately. Archive processing is made in the following manner: 1. 2. 3. 4. Read and check marker block Read archive header Read or skip HEAD_SIZE-sizeof(MAIN_HEAD) bytes If end of archive encountered then terminate archive processing, else read 7 bytes into fields HEAD_CRC, HEAD_TYPE, HEAD_FLAGS,

if HEAD_TYPE==0x74 read file header ( first 7 bytes already read ) read or skip HEAD_SIZE-sizeof(FILE_HEAD) bytes if (HEAD_FLAGS & 0x100) read or skip HIGH_PACK_SIZE*0x100000000+PACK_SIZE bytes else read or skip PACK_SIZE bytes else read corresponding HEAD_TYPE block: read HEAD_SIZE-7 bytes if (HEAD_FLAGS & 0x8000) read ADD_SIZE bytes 6. 0x0004 .x uses the separate comment block and does not set this flag. Check HEAD_TYPE.Solid attribute (solid archive) . ========================================================================== Block Formats ========================================================================== Marker block ( MARK_HEAD ) HEAD_CRC 2 bytes HEAD_TYPE 1 byte HEAD_FLAGS 2 bytes HEAD_SIZE 2 bytes Always 0x6152 Header type: 0x72 Always 0x1a21 Block size = 0x0007 The marker block is actually considered as a fixed byte sequence: 0x52 0x61 0x72 0x21 0x1a 0x07 0x00 Archive header ( MAIN_HEAD ) HEAD_CRC 2 bytes HEAD_TYPE 1 byte HEAD_FLAGS 2 bytes CRC of fields HEAD_TYPE to RESERVED2 Header type: 0x73 Bit flags: 0x0001 .Archive lock attribute 0x0008 .HEAD_SIZE.Archive comment present RAR 3. go to 4.Volume attribute (archive volume) 0x0002 . 5.

file continued in next volume 0x04 .file continued from previous volume 0x02 .partN.0 and later) 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 dictionary size 64 dictionary size 128 dictionary size 256 dictionary size 512 dictionary size 1024 dictionary size 2048 dictionary size 4096 file is directory KB KB KB KB KB KB KB 0x100 .New volume naming scheme ('volname.0 and later) other bits in HEAD_FLAGS are reserved for internal use HEAD_SIZE 2 bytes RESERVED1 2 bytes RESERVED2 4 bytes Archive header total size including archive comments Reserved Reserved File header (File in archive) HEAD_CRC 2 bytes HEAD_TYPE 1 byte HEAD_FLAGS 2 bytes CRC of fields from HEAD_TYPE to FILEATTR and file name Header type: 0x74 Bit flags: 0x01 .0 and later) bits 7 6 5 (for RAR 2.HIGH_PACK_SIZE and HIGH_UNP_SIZE fields are present. .Recovery record present 0x0080 .0x0010 .rar') 0x0020 . for smaller files these fields are absent.file comment present RAR 3.x does not set this flag. 0x10 .Authenticity information present RAR 3.First volume (set only by RAR 3.file encrypted with password 0x08 . These fields are used to archive only very large files (larger than 2Gb).information from previous files is used (solid flag) (for RAR 2. 0x0040 .Block headers are encrypted 0x0100 .x uses the separate comment block and does not set this flag.

MS DOS 1 . it means that file name is encoded using UTF-8.OS/2 2 . if bit 0x100 is set) HEAD_SIZE 2 bytes PACK_SIZE 4 bytes UNP_SIZE 4 bytes HOST_OS 1 byte File header full size including file name and comments Compressed file size Uncompressed file size Operating system used for archiving 0 .0x200 .Unix 4 .Mac OS 5 . so the complete block size is HEAD_SIZE + PACK_SIZE (and plus HIGH_PACK_SIZE.BeOS File CRC Date and time in standard MS DOS format RAR version needed to extract file Version number is encoded as 10 * Major version + minor version. It is an old file version. METHOD 1 byte Packing method 0x30 0x31 0x32 0x33 0x34 0x35 NAME_SIZE storing fastest compression fast compression normal compression good compression best compression FILE_CRC 4 bytes FTIME 4 bytes UNP_VER 1 byte File name size . which are required to increase encryption security (so called 'salt').Version flag. 0x400 .Windows 3 .n'.Extended time field present. but FILE_NAME does not contain zero bytes. 0x8000 . 0x1000 .FILE_NAME contains both usual and encoded Unicode name separated by zero. a version number is appended to file name as '.this bit always is set. If this flag is present. In this case NAME_SIZE field is equal to the length of usual name plus encoded Unicode name plus 1. 0x800 .the header contains additional 8 bytes after the file name.

string of NAME_SIZE bytes size present if (HEAD_FLAGS & 0x400) != 0 present if (HEAD_FLAGS & 0x1000) != 0 other new fields may appear here. There is no marker block sequence (0x52 0x61 0x72 0x21 0x1a 0x07 0x00) in the SFX module itself.2 bytes ATTR 4 bytes File attributes HIGH_PACK_SIZE High 4 bytes of 64 bit value of compressed file size. To process an SFX archive you need to skip the SFX module searching for the marker block in the archive. Optional value. presents only if bit 0x100 in HEAD_FLAGS is set. presents only if bit 0x100 in HEAD_FLAGS is set. In case the size of the CRC is less than 4 bytes. 2. The CRC is calculated using the standard polynomial 0xEDB88320. only the low order bytes are used. HIGH_UNP_SIZE 4 bytes FILE_NAME SALT 8 bytes EXT_TIME variable size High 4 bytes of 64 bit value of uncompressed file size. 4 bytes Optional value. ========================================================================== Application notes ========================================================================== 1. File name . .

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