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Broadband Wireless Access

Broadband Wireless Access

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Published by djosua

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Published by: djosua on Oct 25, 2008
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11/30/2012

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The operation of the minislotted protocol [KLEI80] is similar to implicit
tokenpassing. In this case, an idle time slot is treated as a permission to

transmit. The broadcast channel is divided into minislots interleaved with

data slots. Each slot is preceded by N minislots, where N is the size of the

user population.

The minislotted protocol is useful only for networks that are geographically

limited since each minislot has a duration equal or greater than the

maximum propagation delay. Suppose v is the ratio of the minislot to data
slot duration. Since there are N minislots associated with every data slot, the
maximum channel throughput is:

Clearly, the performance of the minislottedprotocol is acceptable only if

To overcome this limitation, the assigned-slot listen-before-
transmission protocol allows a group of users to share a common pool of
minislots. There is a tradeoff between the time wasted in collisions and the
amount of control overhead required. Channel time is divided into frames,

each containing an equal number of minislots, M. Each minislot is assigned

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Chapter 7

a subset of N/M users whereN is the total number of users. A ready user

senses the channel in its assigned minislot. If the channel is sensed idle,

transmission takes place. Otherwise, the packet is rescheduled for
transmission in a future frame. The parameter N/M is adjusted according
to the load placed on the network. Clearly, for heavy loads, N/M should be
unity and the schemebecomesconflict-free.

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