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:

API/WPS 0805

rawad@idsc.net.eg:

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107.5 2006 65.4

14.2 30.3 .

39.8 )( 34.4 )( .

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) (

) (
) (

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75.4

30.5

5.6

10.1

107.5

57.3

14.2

30.3

1614.6

1348.6

1940.1

2336.5

7.0

7.0

6.0

5.0

19.0

26.0

26.0

24.0

31.0

38.0

51.0

54.0

34.0

44.0

95.0

54.0

7.6

3.3

6.3

4.5

34.4

39.5

38.8

39.8

1.5

2.5

2.3

**

11

***

10.8

****

13.2

14.3

**

*Data on table 2006 except total debt year 2005. ** year 2003 ***year 2004 **** year 2000
Sources: World Bank, Country at a glance2007; World development indicator, 2006.

) (2

19.036

2006 30.653 .

%35.9
%35.6 .2006

) :(2 : )(2006

) (

19.036

2.549

13.4

0.442

17.4

30.653

3.099

10.1

0.102

3.3

11.913

0.449

3.8

0.150

33.5

23.534

2.754

11.7

0.347

12.6

4.911

1.761

35.9

0.059

3.4

11.641

4.147

35.6

0.512

12.3

11.488

1.111

9.7

0.17

15.0

14.299

1.409

9.9

0.19

13.5

Sources: World Bank, Country at a glance2007. Arab Logue, Unified Arab Economic Report 2007.

) (2


%33.5

%12.6

. ) (3

- -


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) :(3 : )(2006
8

101.5

22.9

298.3

67.4

11.0

10.8

66.9

65.8

23.7

37.5

25.0

23.7

15.8

89.1

59.3

208.6

60.0

5.0

1.4

133.8

38.5

347.4

47.3

79.6

3.9

6.6

8.2

13.8

59.4

100

488.6

95.5

18.5

3.6

4.6

0.9

511.7

100

51.0

30.6

110.0

65.9

5.9

3.5

166.9

100

108.7

57.2

72.6

38.2

8.9

4.7

190.2

100

) (
%

422.4

100

42.6

9.6

100

23.3

101.6
105.3

100
100

Source: Arab Logue, Unified Arab Economic Report 2007.

2 .2
"

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12 .

- - ) (7 -1
) (7 . 2007
) (4

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/

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3.96

4.08

4.32

4.59

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4.6

4.4

4.7

5.3

4.2

3.9

4.6

5.1

3.7

3.6

3.9

4.4

3.7

4.2

3.8

4.9

6.5

6.1

6.4

6.7

3.6

3.6

3.9

4.3

3.7

3.5

4.2

4.7

4.1

4.1

4.3

4.6

3.0

3.3

3.3

3.7

3.6

3.5

3.6

4.4

4.2

3.8

4.0

4.8

3.0

3.3

3.3

4.0

4.6

4.4

4.7

5.3

4.2

3.9

4.6

5.1

3.7

3.6

3.9

4.4

Source: World Economic Forum, World Competitiveness Report 2007-2008.

32 131

4.59 . 49 4.32 64 4.08


77 3.96 .

- -

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) (1
0.45

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.
10

)(1

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6
5

= 0.45

(2007

Competitiveness

Index

Sources: World Economic Forum, World Competitiveness Report 2007-2008; World Bank. The
Economist Intelligence Unit, World investment prospects to 2011.

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38.9
62.1
56.4
70.6
66.4
80.6
70.1
45.0
82.9

35.1
62.9
47.8
58.0
71.7
69.8
64.9
23.7
70.7

53.8
62.4
53.3
60.5
66.7
65.7
81.4
57.6
72.9

42.2
67.5
56.8
62.2
71.4
68.0
78.6
61.7
64.6

44.5

49.7

51.1

54.9

45.6
89.4
42.0

17.8
28.8
28.4
13.9
27.4
38.0
31.7
9.1
70.7

20.2
27.9
34.6
53.8
32.2
58.7
77.9
26.0
60.1

26.2

34.8

46.5

49.4

60.4

47.1

47.2

89.8

77.8

87.7

89.4

88.3

51.6

37.7

43.2

45.4

35.4

* ) 100( )(.

: http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi2007/home.htm 2007

4 .2

180 .

2007 ) (

2006 2005 .
) ( 10

) ( . ) (6
4.7 53 .

.
12

):(6 : )(2006

)(10-1

) 180(

2.9

3.5

4.7

4.2

105

72

53

61

The Score ranges from 10 (the Best) and 0 (the Worst). The Report included 180 Countries
Source: Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index 2007.

2006

) .(2 0.87

.
.


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.

)(2

)(2006

6
5

= 0.87
+

Competitiveness

Index

Sources: World Economic Forum, World Competitiveness Report 2007-2008; World Bank, Corruption
Perceptions Index 2007.
1

6
8
.3 10

0
4

Corruption Perceptions Index



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:(Stakeholders

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:
:

InWEnt Capacity Building International (2007), Capacity Building in a Learning Organization and Leadership for
Change, Supported by The Egyptian Cabinet Information and Decision Support Center, October, Egypt.

21


http://www.agadiragreement-

events.org/index.asp?pId=19

Agadir Agreement: Agreement for the Establishment of a Free Trade Zone between the
Arabic Mediterranean Nations (2004)
Arab Logue, Unified Arab Economic Report 2007.
InWEnt Capacity Building International (2007), Capacity Building in a Learning
Organization and Leadership for Change, Supported by The Egyptian Cabinet Information
and Decision Support Center, October, Egypt.
Tim Kane R. Holmes, and Mary Anastasia OGrady (2008), Index of Economic Freedom
(Washington. C.D: The Heritage Foundation and Dow Jones & company Inc., 2007),
www.heritage.org/index.
The Agadir Technical Unit (ATU)
The Economist Intelligence Unit, World investment prospects to 2011.
Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index 2007.
World Bank, Corruption Perceptions Index 2007.
--------, Country at a glance2007;
--------, World development indicator 2006.
World Bank, Global Governance Indictors 2007, http://info.worldbank.org/governance/
wgi2007/home.htm
World Economic Forum, World Competitiveness Report 2007-2008.

22

23


)-1(

: )(2007

85

98

58

84

59.2

56.4

63.0

59.3

59.7

75.8

55.4

79.2

66.0

62.6

74.8

71.8

90.8

65.4

83.7

76.4

73.0

73.2

53.2

77.1

69.9

79.8

80.4

77.6

50.0

60.0

50.0

30.0

40.0

40.0

60.0

30.0

40.0

35.0

55.0

50.0

33.0

32.0

53.0

46.0

69.1

40.2

64.8

55.3

Source: Tim KaneR. Holmes, and Mary Anastasia OGrady (2008), Index of Economic Freedom
(Washington. C.D: The Heritage Foundation and Dow Jones & company. Inc., 2007), at www.heritage.
org/index.

24

)-2(

: )(2007

22.5

19.96

13.8

13.5

15.0

5.7

13.7

9.9

11.1

6.1

9.5

5.4

9.6

13.0

6.0

4.2

8.2

1.8

6.2

2.6

7.3

11.8

15.2

11.8

6.5

9.7

4.9

5.4

6.2

2.3

5.5

5.5

4.6

5.2

6.6

7.7

3.4

14.0

10.0

12.2

2.7

3.5

4.4

8.5

1.5

4.4

1.3

7.0

1.4

1.5

2.7

2.4

0.0

1.4

0.3

2.2

Note: From a list of 14 factors, respondents were asked to select the five most problematic for doing
business in their country/economy and to rank them between 1 (most problematic) and 5. The bars in the
figure show the responses weighted according to their rankings.
Source: World Bank, Country at a glance2007.

25

)-3(

: )(2007

Note: From a list of 14 factors, respondents were asked to select the five most problematic for doing
business in their country/economy and to rank them between 1 (most problematic) and 5. The bars in the
figure show the responses weighted according to their rankings.
Source: World Bank, Country at a glance 2007.

26

Previous Publications
No

Author

API/WPS 9701

API/WPS 9702

Riad Dahel

Project Financing and Risk Analysis

API/WPS 9801

Imed Limam

A SOCIO-ECONOMIC TAXONOMY OF ARAB COUNTRIES

API/WPS 9802

API/WPS 9803

Adil Abdalla

API/WPS 9804

The Impact of Euro-Mediterranean Partnerships on Trade Interests of


the OIC Countries

API/WPS 9805
API/WPS 9806

Ujjayant Chakravorty
Fereidun Fesharaki
Shuoying Zhou
Imed Limam
Adil Abdalla

Title
:


DOMESTIC DEMAMD FOR PETROLEUM PRODUCTS IN OPEC
Inter-Arab Trade and the Potential Success of AFTA

API/WPS 9901

Karima Aly Korayem

Priorities of Social Policy Measures and the Interset of Low-Income


People; the Egyptian Case

API/WPS 9902

Sami Bibi

A Welfare Analysis of the Price System Reforms Effects on Poverty in


Tunisia

API/WPS 9903

Samy Ben Naceur


Mohamed Goaied

API/WPS 9904

API/WPS 9905

Riad Dahel

API/WPS 9906

Yousef Al-Ebraheem
Bassim Shebeb

IMPORTED INTERMEDIATE INPUTS: IMPACT ON ECONOMIC


GROWTH

API/WPS 9907

Magda Kandil

Determinants and Implications of Asymmetric Fluctuations: Empirical


Evidence and Policy Implications Across MENA Countries

M. Nagy Eltony

Oil Price Fluctuations and their Impact on the Macroeconomic


Variables of Kuwait: A Case Study Using a VAR Model

API/WPS 9908
API/WPS 9909

The Value Creation Process in The Tunisia Stock Exchange

:
Volatility in Arab Stock Markets

1API/WPS 000

2API/WPS 000

API/WPS 0003

Riad Dahel

On the Predictability of Currency Crises: The Use of Indicators in the


Case of Arab Countries

API/WPS 0004

27

No

Author

Title

API/WPS 0101

Imed Limam

API/WPS 0102

Ali Abdel Gadir Ali

INTERNAL SUSTAINABILITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN


THE ARAB STATES

API/WPS 0103

Belkacem Laabas

POVERTY DYNAMICS IN ALGERIA

4API/WPS 010

API/WPS 0105

6API/WPS 010

API/WPS 0107

Riad Dahel

8API/WPS 010

API/WPS 0201

API/WPS 0202

API/WPS 0203

Belkacem Laabas and


Imed Limam

MEASURING TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF KUWAITI BANKS

:
Telecommunications Privatization in Arab Countries: An Overview




Are GCC Countries Ready for Currency Union?

API/WPS 0204

API/WPS 0205

Mustafa Babiker

Taxation and Labor Supply Decisions: The Implications of Human


Capital Accumulation

API/WPS 0206

Ibrahim A. Elbadawi

Reviving Growth in the Arab World

API/WPS 0207

M. Nagy Eltony

The Determinants of Tax Effort in Arab Countries

API/WPS 0208

API/WPS 0209

Mustafa Babiker

The Impact of Environmental Regulations on Exports: A Case Study


of Kuwait Chemical and Petrochemical Industry

API/WPS 0301

Samir Makdisi,
Zeki Fattah
and Imed Limam

DETERMINANTS OF GROWTH IN THE MENA COUNTRIES

API/WPS 0302

API/WPS 0303

M. Nagy Eltony

Quantitative Measures of Financial Sector Reform in the Arab


Countries

API/WPS 0304
API/WPS 0305

" "

Ali Abdel Gadir Ali

Can the Sudan Reduce Poverty by Half by the Year 2015?

Ali Abdel Gadir Ali

Conflict Resolution and Wealth Sharing in Sudan: Towards an


Allocation Formula
Environment and Development in Arab Countries: Economic Impacts
of Climate Change Policies in the GCC Region

API/WPS 0306

Mustafa Babiker

API/WPS 0307

Ali Abdel Gadir Ali

API/WPS 0308

Globalization and Inequality in the Arab Region


28

No

Author

Title

API/WPS 0401

Belkacem Laabas
and
Imed Limam

Impact of Public Policies on Poverty, Income Distribution and Growth

API/WPS 0402

Ali Abdel Gadir Ali

Poverty in the Arab Region: A Selective Review

API/WPS 0403

Mustafa Babiker

Impacts of Public Policy on Poverty in Arab Countries: Review of the


CGE Literature

API/WPS 0404

Ali Abdel Gadir Ali

On Financing Post-Conflict Development in Sudan

API/WPS 0501

Ali Abdel Gadir Ali

On the Challenges of Economic Development in Post-Conflict Sudan

API/WPS 0601

Ali Abdel Gadir Ali

Growth, Poverty and Institutions: Is there a Missing Link?

API/WPS 0602

Ali Abdel Gadir Ali

On Human Capital in Post-Conflict Sudan: Some Exploratory Results

API/WPS 0603

Ahmad Telfah

Optimal Asset Allocation in Stochastic Environment: Evidence on the


Horizon and Hedging Effects

API/WPS 0604

Ahmad Telfah

Do Financial Planners Take Financial Crashes In Their Advice:


Dynamic Asset Allocation under Thick Tails and Fast volatility
Updating

API/WPS 0701

Ali Abdel Gadir Ali

API/WPS 0702

API/WPS 0801

Weshah Razzak

API/WPS 0802

Rabie Nasser

In the Middle of the Heat The GCC Countries Between Rising Oil
Prices and the Sliding Greenback
Could New Growth Cross-Country Empirics Explain the Single
Country Growth of Syria During 1965-2004?

API/WPS 0803
API/WPS 0804

Sufian Eltayeb
Mohamed
Weshah Razzak

Child Poverty: Concept and Measurement

Finance-Growth Nexus in Sudan: Empirical Assessment Based on an


Application of the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Model
Self Selection versus Learning-by-Exporting Four Arab Economies

29