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L s Alamitos, VIEW FROM THE TOP
B Maj. n Bragg quadr n mmander
/ gt hris Vartanian has stepped forward to open the quadron door to a new world of opp rtunit . He i putting the quadr n onto the Intern 1 (hltp:/Ih me.earthlink.netl vartanian/ q I 53.htrnl . urrently th de elopment is being d ne on Vartanian" ersonal computer in hi h me. H has opened up a W B PAG under hi pe onal member hip to the N T and he i displaying authorized inti rrnation and adverti in about the quadr n. surve f quadr n equipment i being c nducted to ee just, hat is needed to upgrade and pia e a omputer LfNE in quadron headquarters. When the capability i ill place the quadr n ill pur iha i n membership and the connecii n will b m ed int the quadr n. ntr I of the nev capability v ill e lind r the juri diction of th mmuni at ion fficer. W rking \ ith both Leadership and Recruiting /l Lt Ro ert uaife and / gt Vartanian will de elop a training pr gram that will be available to all members. id r m the ob ious opp rtunity to be pro ided for members who do n t have the personal capa ility this pr ~e t will pro id an opp nuniry for the quadron I increase i publicity and re ruiting mes age.
Cadet Squad/on 153
harter No. 04345
OPENING THE DOOR
uadr n 153 is TRAIN D LEAD. In rder to keep th quadron m u alid, training must e constant and consistent, and it mu t hange with the changes which ccur with t hn I gy and our 0 iety. Tb qu dr n i n w making one of tho e hanges t enter a new pportunity of learning. It is going LIN. omputers are very amazing machine, and th ar bee ming s c mrn nplace that the amazement is b ming 10 L The first c mput r that 1 used was large that it cited 0 man di fferent machin each doing pe ific p the j b. The computer was hued in tw ther larg r oms hi h had to h v ery ntr 11d climate ( ir conditi Ding). AI the heart I' Ihe mputer was the pr gramming page, a 3 p g b ard on which wires were c nne ted tw en the hi. Th pr gram functi n wer ntrolled by the arious c nnecti n made n the bard. Data were entered ont unch card, and the cards were used by the machin ry under the ntr I of the program panel. The program resul uld either be printed like n a typ writ r without any fane stuff) r punched on rnor punch cards to e used by another c mputer. B ntrast I have ju typed th e two paragrapb n a machin which has consid rabl mor capa ility, and it is sitting entirely n Ole La Ie in fr nt f
ADRO 153 GIVE OMERE PO
preparedness from scho I businesses, hospitals and the general public. Squadron 153 was asked to take the duty watch for the day. Responding personnel reported for an 0800 briefing at OES Southern Region Headquarters Los Alamitos. Personnel who responded to the call were: Major Don Bragg Commander' CICpt Theresa Irving, Cadet Commander' Captain Rick Evans' CII Lt Robert Quaife; Anthony Reovan: C/Sgt Willi~ Tucker' C/Sgt Charles Vartanian' and CIA Ian LeWIS. In addition Major James Crum Group 7 Commander and 2Lt Rita Harrigan, Squadron 150, also responded.
I hope you take advantage of the many opportunities coming up. ee you there!
CADET PROGRAMS CONFERENCE
By CIM gt Ryan Clock This year s Cadet Programs Conference and annual ball and banquet was held on 16-19 February at MCAS El Toro. The purpose of the event was to inform the cadets in California Wing about the activities and programs available to them in the wing, region and the nation. Seminars were held and included topics such as: How to Run a uccessful Model Rocketry Program; Wing Activities Staff Selection Preparation; Presentation Skills: Radio Procedures; Image and Responsibility· Advanced Drill' Aerospace' and much, much more. Overall the conference was a relaxed environment' but customs and courtesies still were important. The weekend s billeting was satisfactory. The food was okay for the most part; however the best entree of the weekend was served on Sunday night at the banquet. It was Chicken Cordon Bleu served with vegetables. Dessert was cake and ice cream. The weekend s highlight was definitely the banquet and ball which consisted of busting the move to the latest music. There were a few slow songs too. Group 7 won the wing's most outstanding group participation in activities. The activity was also a time for cadets to find out what other cadets are doing and how they are doing it. OveralJ I enjoyed the weekend. My favorite part was taking part in Captain Wright s Aerospace Education Seminar. Captain Wright is the Wing's Aerospace Education Officer. I also enjoyed the banquet and ball. Unfortunately the evening ended too soon. Other cadets I have talked to said This activity is one of the best activities in California Wing. ' I too recommend this activity to others especially cadet Basics and cadet Airmen.
AU of the OES field offices were closed and had their telephone calls forwarded to Los Alamitos for the day. Fortunately and thankfully Southern California rested calmly and quietly that day and the phone calls were for routine matters. If there had been an earthquake flood riot or some other nasty event, it would have been a very busy moment while OES personnel returned to their desks.
TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THESE OPPORTUNITIES
By CICpt Theresa Irving Cadet Commander As we near the end of the school year I have some general announcements that 1 would like to make. First of all we have many emergency services activities that are coming up. Those of you who want to become ground team members radio operators or administrators have many opportunities in the corning months to become qualified. TIle Hemet sarex (search and rescue exercise) will provide great traini~~ for tho.s~ who need it; ground team trauung Will be accomplished at this activity. Also w~ are planning a First Aid class and a CPR class in the future. If you want to be ground team qualified you need to be certified in these. Another activity is the Group FTX field training exercise) on 10-12 May 1996. If you want to go you need to fill out a form 31 an~ hand ~ 1.5 to CITSgt Valdez, our C C reprc::se~1B:hve. ~s IS a great opportunity to meet other individuals ill the group and to get training in navigation compass teamwork exercises, etc. The change-of-command ceremony i~ also coming up in Mayas well. We are planmng 0flights for June to . Watsonville wiJI be 24-27 May 1996. If you want to apply as taff you need to get your application in as s on as possible. I encourage you to go to Watsonville if you can. It s a great opportunity to see older aircraft and make. ne~ friends. Also you get free entrance to their au show.
CADET PROGRAMS CONFERENCE
By CIA Reuben Herrera P was the fifth Wing activity but the second best. I think Watsonville was the best Wing activity. CP was fun, and we learned a lot. The class I liked the best was Pre entation and Opportunities in AP. 1t was the be t class because they knew what they were doing and kept me interested. Rocketry class was great because it taught you how and where people can get a model rocketry team together.
I was on road guard duty and kept my flight safe. I had a gr at tim during e enings. 1met a lot of friend and did a lot. The banquet wa :fun becaus w had a cerem ny in whi h ladi went first, then had dinner and awards. I' m proud to ay roup 7 won Best roup Award. quadr n 153 bad the m st p opl th re which made gr up 7 look larger. At first wh D th dane started I was uncomfortabl until II gt kullr helped me cope with the dancing.
from the National Headquarters of the iiI Air Patrol. te recipien of this pre tigiou scholar hip are judged based on a combination of academic, AP participation, and character. I pt Irving plan to attend Duke ni ersity in North arolina.
IA hri tina H rrera
When I first am ed at the I Toro Marin P 1 thought "What d T do no ? P as m first Wing a ti ity. it was awesome! n the first night we got to unpa k, talk, and g t Ie p. h w re pr tty trict about it. In the m ming we had breakfast at th dinning hajj. It wr n t the be t but it as K. We had to take certain clas es on aturday and unda which were kind of long, but ou learned from them. On unda night e had a banquet It was reall fun! I didn't realize how man cadet there were in AP e en th ugh all of lh cadet weren t there. PC was fun. I can t \ ait until the next Wing activity.
TWO CADET FROM QUADRO 153 WIN CHOLARSHIP
Two luck and well-d erving cad fr m our quadron have ju t earned cholarship to attend a colJege or uni ersity. he tirst i CI pt Th re a Irving, who i the adet ommander of quadron 153. hi one of only tv 0 cade from alifornia to receive a 750 scholarship
A I Julie Barry who has recei ed a three-year ir oree R T h larship to attend the Uni ersity of lifornia at an Diego. If he maintains the ba ie qualification in term of ph ical fitne • acad mi tanding and R TC participati n. C/AIC Barry will recei e up to 80% of the cost of att nding UC D during her sophomore junior and senior ears. ongratulations to ou both!
n ·ebruary 5 1 vi ited the miths nian exhibit at the L s Ang 1 s n ention enter. It was d:i ided into 3 group or ections. Th y were: Rem mb ring Discovering and Imagining, I waited in line from 9 M. - 4 PM .. b aus they were giving only 25 tickets every half hour and there were lik 500 p ple. Remembering had more of the things of movies and history such as braham incoln t p hat and D rothy s sLipp rs in th Wizard of z. They even had e rge Washington word when h crossed the Delaware . . Disc v ring al 0 bad me historical things, but for exploration. Th y had the c mpass us d by wi & lark Fre dom 7 Ap lJo 12 Neil Armstr ng uit and th Yin Fizz which
made the first transcontinental flight (on pg. 5-2 in your aerospace book). "Imagining' had the art and jewel displays; there were Indian carvings, jewelry worn by the Queens of England. and modem artwork. The display was great, except for the lines, and I hope all of you can get the chance to go to Washington DC to see the Smithsonian itself. People told me that this exhibit, compared to the one in DC, is like a seed to a watermelon.
EMERGENCY SERVICES: WHAT'S IT ALL ABOUT?
By C/Capt. Steven Skullr, Cadet ES Officer
With the large number of new cadets that are entering our squadron each month it is hard to schedule time to inform them of what Emergency Services is all about. It is my responsibility as your Cadet ES Officer to keep cadets informed of the happenings with ES. Emergency Services is one of the three missions of CAP. It is one of the most vital missions we have because of the increasing responsibility that is put on us by the Air Force and our communities during a major disaster. Our responsibilities range from simple food transport to emergency medical care when an ambulance is not available during a crisis. It's not only our abilities that make us effective, it's the fact that it costs close to nothing to use our services. That reason alone is by far the reason the Air Force delegates much of its responsibilities for disaster relief and search and rescue to CAP. There are many opportunities in CAP for those interested in Emergency Services. Whether you would rather sit at a desk and fiji out important paper work or transfer vital information on the airwaves or be out on the field searching for possible survivors, ES is for you. If anyone has any interest in ES at all please see me at any time to find out more specific opportunities in ES. I hope this article has given you a better understanding of what ES is about and I look forward to helping everyone reach their goals.
should write a letter to our congressman and senators. In the letter we should highlight CAP's major accomplishments and purpose from our point of view. We should discuss what CAP has done for us individually. And almost most importantly tell them how much money we save them with our volunteer work and that losing CAP means that they lose money. r suggest everyone write a letter pleading for the continuation of the CAP budget under the Air Force. This is our program and we must save it. I know that I would not be where I am today without CAP and I am going to fight for our program with all that] have. I believe that there is no better program that exists for teenagers and adults of all ages. KEEP CAP ALIVE!
THE LONG JOURNEY
By C/Sgt. Mark Wong
During World War IT many planes became flying legends. The B-17, B-24, P-47, P-38 are all wellknown and modeled aircraft. But perhaps the one plane that became the most legendary was the North American P-5ID Mustang. The strategy of the Allied Bomber Command during the early years of World War IT was to build "flying fortresses:" long-range bombers that were capable of defending themselves from hordes of enemy fighters, and deliver a heavy load of ordnance on target Because of this strategy, aircraft such as the 8-17 Flying Fortress and the 8-24 Liberator were designed and built in mass quantities. As missions ranged further into German held territory, however, losses became increasingJy unbearable. On many deep penetration missions there was a 50% chance of a bomber crew not returning home. Families, aircrew and Bomber Command became increasingly concerned with the ever-increasing loss rate. But what about the fighters? What were they doing while bombers were flying missions? Before the mass production of the Mustang, Allied fighters could escort the bombers only several hundred miles, while the missions could sometimes range from one to two thousand miles. It became clear to the U.S. Army Air Force that a long-range fighter was needed that could escort the bombers all the way into Germany, and all the way out. Thus was born the idea for the design of the P-51 Mustang. When the final version of the P-51 Mustang came out, the "0" version, in November of 1943, two things became quite apparent. First, that the strategic bombing campaign in Europe could continue in force. Second, that the death blow to the Luftwaffe (the German Air Force) was soon in coming. The P-51 D Mustang had several features that allowed it to be one of (if not the most) outstanding aircraft of the war. It had a range of 950 miles, which
By C/Capt Steven Skullr TIle Civil Air Patrol has given every cadet a great deal of training and experience that can be used for the rest of their lives. Now it is time to give back. Once again, this fiscal year Congress is proposing to divert the CAP budget from the Air Force to the Department of Transportation. If this happens it could mean an end to CAP as we know it. I received a letter from NationaJ Headquarters that asks for everyone's help. The letter suggested that we
could be extended to 2 080 miles with the use of drop tanks. (In comparison the Supennarine Spitfire had a range of 460 miles, or 850 miles with drop tanks.) The Mustang could tum in ide Germany's main fighter and could climb with them as well. Being armed with six .sO-caliber machine guns ensured an effective punch to anything that got into its sights. With a top speed of 437 mph the P-51 0 could keep up with all of Germany s aircraft (with the exceptions of the Arado 234 and the Me-262) and could outrun all of Germany s older model aircraft. With this new fighter the Allied Air Forces were quite capable of dealing an incredibly devastating blow to the Luftwaffe the German ground forces, and German industry.
and it was located in a Polish vicinity known as swiecim. It was Hitler himself who came up with the idea of using gas to kill the imperfect Aryans. Hitler ordered Nazi doctors to experiment with gas for more efficient killing. A race was on in the Third Reich among the pesticide companies to develop the gas for Hitler. The company's gas that was selected would bring in a tremendous amount of money. FinaJly a gas was chosen to try at Auschwitz--hydrogen cyanide, also called Zyklon B. The company that made the gas specialized in pe t control of mice and lice etc. The company also went into the additional business of supplying the Nazi government with gas chambers. All that remained now was to get the Jews to the camps. 111e camps were a concentration point for the Jews and others who were going to be killed. The camps were et up next to railroads, so when the prisoners got off they would not have far to go until their doom. The Jews were rounded up in ghettos and told that they were being sent to work in "the east' . 'The concentration camps were more horrible than the ghettos had been. But the Jews were always told to have hope--it was Eichman s promise to them, a lie repeated to each one of the millions who died" (Rossel). It was all a lie everything the Germans told the Jews. The prisoner were transported in makeshift cattle cars for three to ten days. When inside the cars the passengers were given tv 0 buckets one for water and the other for urine. Once the long train ride from the ghettos was over the inmates were lined up single-file in front of an SS doctor. If the doctor threw his thumb to the left, it meant that the inmate was going to be killed within the hour on the other hand if the thumb went to the right, it meant that the prisoner went to the camp and a possible chance at life. If the prisoner was given the left thumb they were killed in two basic ways: shot or gassed. Before the prisoners were gassed they were commanded to take ff all of their clothes and jewelry which included wedding rings and bracelets. Once the gas was mixed it entered the gas chamber in one of tw v ays: through a shower head or through vent hafts. The gas ing was told by the S Capt. Kurt Gerstein. Gerstein was so ashamed of the mass murder that he took part in that he killed himself after the war. He describes the procedure Mothers with babies at their brea lS naked' lots of children of all ages naked too' they hesitate, but they enter the gas chamber most of them \ ithout a word ...chased by the whips of the men .... Many of them said their prayers; others ask, Who \ ill give us water before our death?' Within the chambers the press the people closely together.... even to eight hundred crushed together on 25 square meters ...tbe doors are closed.... After twenty-eight minutes only a few are alive. After thirtytwo minute all were dead. From the other side
BEING A LEADER By c/rse. Laura Skullr
Not many people understand what it takes to be a leader. Being a leader is not about bossing people around or having others do your dirty work. To become a leader you must be willing to accept responsibility for your cadets actions. You mu t be willing to do anything that you ask your cadets to do. You need to have a certain amount of respect, but you cannot win or bu respect· it doesn t ju t come with the job respect is earned. 0 earn respect you must be trustworthy know your job and maintain a certain amount of professionalism, but the cadets should al 0 be able to talk to you when they need to. Leaders weren't always leaders. Everyone starts out as a follower, and those who are willing to put forth time and effort will eventually become leaders. You must be fair and honest, showing no favoritism. You must always know not to put your cadets into dangerous or a potentially dangerous situation because safety is the number 1 priority. You must adhere to high moral standards. When you are a leader you must realize that you are the cadets example. Whether you realize it or not someone is always watching you. One mor very important thing to remember when you become a leader is not to let it all go to your head because when you get cocky there is no respect.
AUSCHWITZ Bycrr gt Chris Valdez
During the Holocaust of W.W.IT there were many concentration camps; the most infamous is Auschwitz. During the war, the Nazis built concentration camps to exterminate the Jewi h population. and thi wa accomplished in three main ways: gassing shooting and cremation. Aloin the camps many others died a a result of disease or starvation. The Auschwitz concentration camp was also known as Death Camp
Jewish workers opened the wooden door . The dead were still standing like wooden statues, there having een no room for them to fall or bend over. Though dead, the families could sill be recognized their hands till clasped .... Their bodies were thrown out blue wet with sweat and urine, the leg covered with excrement and menstrual blood .... Dentists with chisels tore out gold teeth' (Resnik). No matter how you phrase what happened at Auschwitz, nothing can better describe it than saying that there was a boundary eros ed, a quadrant conquered. It gave a whole new meaning to genocide. The Nazi guards officers and physicians had a viciousness about them. But it was not emotional it became ureaucratic and facele s. A women asked a doctor how with his Hippocratic Oath he could justify killing people then burning them. Fritz Klein re ponded v ith, 'Of course J am a doctor and I want to preserve life. And out of respect for human Iife, I would remove a gangrenous appendix from a diseased body. The Jew is a gangrenous appendix in the body of mankind' (Berenbaum). The Nazis that ran the camps were monsters in every ense a human can think of. Beside being gassed other inmates were burned alive in buge furnace . he normal inmates were not burned alive' the were either ga ed or shot. TIle dead sick, or injured \l ere all burned. The reason the Nazi gave for doing this was t erase all evidence of what happened. When the huge 'furnaces were on line, the ashes that would come down from the furnaces would spread f r milaround. It was like a volcano erupted and was spewing ashes everywhere except that the ashe were human. The corp es were put on conveyer belts and r d into the furnace. There were also incineration pits. It 'was a huge hole in the ground and had wood and other dry material that would bum easily. It was a huge bonfire that could be seen for miles around. This fire produced a heat that no human could withstand, so the corpses rode up a huge twenty- to fifty foot conveyer belt and were simply dropped in to bum. TIle final way the Nazis exterminated the inmate at Au chwitz was by shooting them. This was for the most part not a planned exercise. If an inmate did not do what he was told then he or she was shot on the p t. Ir a person tried to escape then everyone in the barrack that the person belonged to would be shot. The following is an excerpt of testimony by T ia Blatt a former prisoner, who talks about puni hment after a pri ner escapes: "Each tenth prisoner in Ole row of roll call would be executed. He [the guard] is approaching my group. I was eized with fear He is in the row behind me. My God only not me The third fr rn me became the victim. After the selection the domed were taken to camp III and we went to work. Afterward we heard shots and later the clothes of tho e who had been killed were brought for rting.
In con lu ion, Au chwitz was no doubt the largest camp of the Hoi cau t. But aside from that, it was also the most destructive. More than 3.5 million Jews lost their lives in the instrument of de truction. Over\! helming evidence proves that it was the most destructive. Auschwitz accounted for two-thirds of all the Jew killed in the Holocaust.
Ryan lock promoted to Cadet Master Sergeant Aaron mith, promoted to Cadet Master Sergeant Anthony Reovan, promoted to adet Technical ergeant hris Valdez, promoted to Cadet Technical Sergeant Matthew Nethers promoted to Cadet Airman First lass James Hamner promoted to Cadet Airman Justin Holman, promoted to Cadet Airman Brian Meyer promoted to Cadet Airman
ON THE HORIZON
ApriJ 26-28 riday- unday Hemet sarex (search and re cue exercise) April 27-28 May 4 aturday-Sunday
EI Toro air show
foxhunt for Squadron 153
May 4 Saturday California Wing change of command ceremony May 10-12 Friday-Sunday Group FTX (field training exercise) at Joshua Tree May 18 aturday from 9am-5pm CPR class at Squadron 1 53
May 22 Wednesday change of command c rem ny for cadet conunander quadron Los Alamitos May 24-27 Friday-Monday June Watsonville
1, arurday foxhunt for quadron 153
June 28'riday 7:00 pm Angel game for AP members and family (see / gt Mark Wong)
Navigator Volume 3 Number 2, March-April 1996 CPT David Walters Public Affairs Officer 714) 821-8 14; 2LT Ron Martin, Edilor (714) 562-7860; fax: (714) 5216429; AP adeL quadron 153 Charter No. 04345
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