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General measures technique

Fine air bubbles can cause high readings. Reduce or eliminate air bubbles.

Condensation on outer surface of sample cuvettes can cause erratic readings. Eliminate condensation.

Light absorbing materials such as activated carbon in significant concentrations can cause low readings.

The presence of true color, that is the color of water, which is due to, dissolved substances that absorb light, will cause turbidities to be low.

The presence of floating debris and coarse sediments, which settle out rapidly, will give low readings. Measure turbidity immediately after agitating sample to resuspend heavier particles

. Sample flows through a cell.

Near the midpoint of the cell, a light source sends a beam of light into the moving fluid.

Light receivers are located at various positions in the cell.

Measurement of turbidity

The receivers measure the amount of light scattered 90 from the incident light.

The amount of light scattered increases as the turbidity in the sample increases.

The instrument measures the scattered light and develops a signal that is related to nephelometer turbidity units (NTU). Method The most accurate technique to measure turbidity is with the nephelometric method. This method shines a concentrated beam of light through a water sample, and then measures the amount of scattered light at a 90 degree angle to the light source. The amount of scattered light is then reported in NTUs. The nephelometric method reflects a more precise measurement and is used by government agencies and in scientific research thats why it