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1) 2) 3) 4) 5) To believe that Qur’aan is an oration of Allah (swt) To regularly recite Qur’aan (with slow thoughtful & correct pronunciation) To understand the Qur’aan To act upon the Guidance of Qur’aan To convey the Message of Qur’aan
Importance of the Subject
“Indeed! This (the Qur’aan) is the decisive Word and it is not something purposeless.” (At’taariq-86: 13, 14)
For Muslims to stand high in this world and be successful in hereafter is dependent upon fulfilling the obligation to Qur’aan. Glory in this World:
Saying of the Prophet (saw) : “Verily! Allah (swt) will glorify nations if they abided by the Book and disgrace them on account of avoiding it.” (Muslim)
Success in hereafter:
Saying of the Prophet (saw) “Qur’aan will be an argument in your favor or plead against you in hereafter.” (Muslim)
To believe that Qur’aan is an oration of Allah (swt)
There are two aspects of belief:
Verbal Affirmation: This is a word of God, descended on the last of the prophets (saw) through Hazrat Jibraeel (as). Heart felt Testification: Testification with the heart that Qur’aan is an
oration of Allah (swt), (the King of the kings) and he brought it down on the Prophet (saw). Instead of taking Qur’aan as a sacred book or an ancestral dogma, we should have firm conviction that Qur’aan is a divine book of guidance which relates to all spheres of daily life. The Practical portrayal of Heart felt belief: The Prophet (saw) and his companions had deep love with Qur’aan. The Holy Prophet (saw) used to recite lengthy Surahs of Qur’aan during the midnight prayers. His companions would try to complete the recitation of whole Qur’aan within three days, so that Prophet (saw) had to stop them from doing so. He (saw) advised them to complete the recitation of Qur’aan in a week.
Glimpse of our situation:
1. A big majority of us, does not even read Qur’aan. 2. Most of the readers just read it with the intention to seek benevolence or reward, without exactly paying attention to its message. 3. Guidance cannot be obtained without understanding the Qur’aan.
“Be notified! Hearts attain contentment only through the remembrance of Allah (swt)” (ArRaad: 13: 28) The biggest mode of remembrance of Allah is Qur’aan. following something out of reverence.. We are ready to invest our time and money in acquiring other sciences. Company of believers. and to initiate recitation with: • Ta’awwuz: “I seek refuge of Allah (swt) from the Satan. hence it means to read with the same intention. teaching. The extract of heartfelt conviction: The sign of heartfelt conviction is. ii. sitting at a clean spot. uttering them properly and to be aware of the basic rules of recitation. dressed in clean & ‘Pak’ clothes. the most benevolent and merciful. facing towards Qibla. when we begin to have the notion that nothing is more valuable than Qur’aan between earth and the sky. his reverence. Daily Routine: . one starts valuing the Qur’aan in its utmost. the rejected and stoned one. fear of his accountability. • Tilaawat of Qur’aan leans on during hard times and is effective for the contentment of heart.” • Tasmea: “In the name of Allah.e. Qur’aan. and intention of acting on the requisites of the Qur’aan. conveying its message and acting upon its guidance will become the greatest honor for us. about which Qur’aan says: “Those to whom we have delivered the book. All the needs of earthly body are fulfilled from earth. iv. Some important considerations for ‘Tilaawat’ of Qur’aan: i. intent to seek his guidance. This belief forms the basis of fulfilling other obligations to Qur’aan. Now the process of regular reading and recitation is initiated. 2nd Obligation: To regularly recite Qur’aan When heartfelt conviction permeates deeply. A regular ‘tilaawat’ of Qur’aan is necessary because: • It nurtures our ‘Eemaan’ (heartfelt conviction) • It satisfies the need of our soul. Now learning. Apparent Etiquettes: iii. Pondering over the Qur’aan as a seeker of guidance. Our soul needs nourishment just like our earthly body. How to attain heartfelt conviction: 1. A prior ablution. recite it as it ought to be recited.” (Albaqarah: 121) For reciting the holy book term ‘Tilaawat’ is used. when it comes to Qur’aan our unwillingness is very obvious. They are those who believe in the Book. 2.4. Correct Pronunciation (Tajweed): It means knowing the Arabic words with their actual phonetic sounds.” Implied Etiquettes: Realization of supremacy of Allah (swt) and of His Divine revelation. Soul is the spirit of Allah and satisfaction of its need comes from Allah i. Tilaawat refers to.
mastery in high-tech worldly skills. • Regarding Tadabbur. and feel its effects on heart and soul. We should try to learn Arabic so that we can directly understand the Qur’aan. Two levels of understanding Qur’aan i. A whole lifespan and very high scholastic aptitude is required of a person to be indulging in such an activity. Qur’aan is read the most but is understood the little. guidance will take effect when the manual is understood properly. 32. v. Direct understanding of Qur’aan creates more impact on the hearts as compared to reading translations. Harmonic Accent: Recite Qur’aan in an attractive accent. There is no other book. for not learning Arabic language to directly understand the Qur’aan. For those of us who have acquired fluency in foreign languages.We should include recitation of Qur’aan in our daily routine. Tazakkur Tazakkur is to know the central idea of guidance from a section of Qur’aan through a quick overview. In spite of this Qur’aan emphasizes on Tadabbur by saying: “So why don’t they ponder over the Qur’aan or if their hearts are sealed” (Mohammad: 47: 24) • The real essence of Tadabbur is: i) To dig out pearls of knowledge and wisdom of Qur’aan . 3rd Obligation: To Understand the Qur’aan Qur’aan is a guiding manual for humans. In prayers Qur’aan should be read with thoughtfulness. in order to comprehend the meanings. vii. Qur’aan is very vast and profound. As far as we do not learn Arabic. Allah says: “Hence we have made Qur’aan an easy to understand book: Is there some one who gets admonished?” (Alqamar: 17. we should recite Qur’aan with translation. just a little effort to learn only that much of Arabic so that we can get the meanings of Qur’aan without looking at its translation. which is read without understanding. which is pleasing to the ear. A saying of Prophet (saw) is: “Ornate Qur’aan with your beautiful voices” (Abu Dawood) Memorization (Hifz): Slow & Thoughtful Reading (Tarteel): All of us should try to memorize most of the Qur’aan so that we could recite most of it during discretionary (‘Nafil’) prayers. Tadabbur Tadabbur refers to deeply pondering over a section of Qur’aan to understand the underlying wisdom or philosophy of the subject. vi. will have no excuse in front of Almighty Allah on the Day of Judgment. stopping at each ayah. This injustice is done only with the Book of Allah. 22. • Regarding Tazakkur Allah (swt) has made Qur’aan a clear book which is very easy to understand. ii. 40) For ‘Tazakkur’ all we need is.
pertain to the individual affairs of a person. Carrying the message of Allah (swt) to the rest of the mankind is obligatory on all Muslims. performing Hajj.(Al-Baqarah:85) 5th Obligation: To Convey the Message to Others Mohammad (saw) is the last of the prophets. 4th Obligation: To act upon the Guidance of Qur’aan Reading and understanding Qur’aan can only be of some use and its benefits of a guiding manual can only be reaped when the objective is to act upon the guidance of Qur’aan. and fulfilling what has been committed. These commandments can only be enforced when Deen of Allah is empowered by a government established on Islamic principles. giving regular charity. Otherwise observing all of the commandments of Qur’aan will remain an illusion. and making sure that interest. “O you who believe! Why must you say. beheading a killer. Acting upon Qur’aan in Individual Affairs: Certain Qur’aanic commandments such as observing prayers.” (As’Saff: 2-3) ii. “You are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind. A faith without practice of Qur’aanic principles is not trustworthy. institution of prophethood ended with him and he has brought the Message in its entirety. gambling are not in practice. you enjoin what is right and forbid the wrong and believe in Allah. “Whosoever makes legal what is forbidden in Qur’aan does not believe in Qur’aan. usury. Hence it is incumbent upon Muslims to strive for empowerment of Allah’s Deen and establish an Islamic government.ii) iii) iv) Through this process one acquires such a conviction that the greatness of Qur’aan gets deeply embedded in his heart. they have to be observed regardlessly. for instance. speaking the truth. that does not relate to your actions? This is of great annoyance to Allah (swt) that you say something and do not act upon.” (Tirmizi) i. To deduce the solutions of various problems from Qur’aan One can easily sort out right from wrong when faced with the modern doctrines. “And whoever does not make decisions by (the book) what Allah has revealed then surely those are non-believers” (Al-Maidah: 44) Practicing a division in Qur’aanic commandments regarding the affairs of life will result in condemnation in this world and severe punishment in hereafter. recovery of the regular charity. Acting upon Qur’aan in Collective Affairs: Commandments which are mainly for the affairs of the public or society as a whole.” (Ale-Imran: 110) . instituting Baitul Maal to provide a just social system. chopping off limbs of a thief.
who are not here. Over a continuous period of 23 years Mohammed (saw) carried out the task of calling towards and spreading the message of same Qur’aan. In his last sermon during Hajjatul Widda he asked Sahaba and all who were present at the time to be witness of the fact that he has conveyed the Message of Allah and he (saw) said: “Now for those of you. Mohammad (saw) at the time had included every individual of his Ummah in this assignment. He (saw) said: “Convey from me even if it be a single Ayah” (Bukhari) . who are present here should carry the message to those.” (Musnad Ahmad) The individuals of Muslim Ummah are duty bound to this responsibility according to their respective skills.
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