-dui - a

READING

Help Yourself

in

QUR'AN

Help Yourself in

READING

Compiled by

Qari Abdussalam

In tne Name of Allan the Most Beneficent the Most Merciful

PUBLISHER'S NOTE
The reading of Quran is ofprirne importance to a Muslim. QUI'an was revealed in Arabic language and it should also be read in Arabic only, because the actual meaning of Quran in Arabic can not be expressed in the translation of any language. That is why, it is an established fact that the reading of any translation of'Qur' an does not mean thatthe actual Quran has been read. It is the basic teaching of Islam to read Qur'an as many times as one can. The reward of the recitation of Qur'fin and remembrance of Allah is very great, and we can get that reward only if we are able to read the Quran in its original language Arabic. But the Muslims, who can not read Arabic, are unable to get benefited by reading the Quran in its language. To ease them from this difficulty we expressed our desire to Qari Abdu Salam to prepare some kind of helping guide, we are happy to express that Qari Abdus Salam prepared this book taking keen intere t and using all his expertise of teach ing Arabic language and Qur' an. May Allah favour him with His Mercy. In this book, through transliteration, an easy approach has been offered to learn reading Arabic in a simple way. Through step by step lessons, all the necessary points are such explained that one can easily understand and read Arabic to earn the ability of reciting Quran with its correct pronunciation. Hence this book is as useful for children as it is for elder people. As no such attempt was made before, which can help people learning to read Arabic and recite QUI' an, we hope that all persons, who were unable to read Arabic, will appreciate OUI efforts and get the advantage. We hope that Allah will make our efforts successful and bless all of us abundantly- Amin. Abdul Malik Mujahid General Manager

5

(

Lesson 1 ]

The Arabic Alphabet
Qaaf Kaaf Laam Meem Noon Waaw Baa

.. '-'

Zaa Seen Sheen Saad • Daad .
~ ~

J

Alif Baa Taa Thaa Jeem Haa . Khaa Daal Dhaal Raa
~

t

!l

.r
· d
~

'-'" •
~

J
~ ~

vP

~

:.

JI'
..b
1;

[_

J
..Jb
~

Taa .

c.

L L
s
~

~

Zaa •

Hamzab
Yaa Yaa

iieen
t. Ghaieen Faa

~

..

t t

L

,J

J

6

[ Exercise 1 ]
-A

..
~ ~

J

J

~

· C
:J

rj;
~ ~

r

4..1'

4.S

..
.

~

t
:J
~

~

~

· J
.k
~

J
\

..s ..

z.

.

u

t

7

[

Lesson 2 ]

Vowels
There are six vowels in Arabic Alphabet, three of them are short and the other three are long.

Sbort Vowels
(i) Vowel "a" (a= '::::_Fathah) (Ja= [._) (Ba= ~ )
,/ ,/

This mark (_:::.) written on the top of the Arabic letter is called F 'athah and stands for short ( a ) this vowel is pronounced as "a" in the "apple".
(1) (Fatbah .:::_)

Sha -

Jl
,/

""•

Kha Da Dba
~

• ""
~

Aa Ba Ta Tha
Ja
(_

~

""
,/

t

· JP Da .
Ta •
J;

Sa

uP

~

""

~

~

~

""•
,/

~

~

""

.b

..b
"" £,

,/

Ra Za

)
,/

~

""

Za Aa

· t.

)

,/

~

t

,/

Sa
8

.f

""

~a

""
~

Ha Aa Ya Ya Note:
iii.

",-

",-

~ =.A
",-

La Ma
Na Wa

J
",-

Gha Fa Qa Ka
~

",-

t
",-

",-

~

~
",-

'-.S ..
",-

~

.. '-'
",-

L

",-

J

",-

!l

",-

The Arabic letters with vowels may be learnt by spellings as: (Ba (Ja (Da
=

y)
...-

Baa F 'athah Ba Jeem Fathah Ja Daal F 'athah Da

= ~) = ~.)

Until you do not learn the previous lesson do not begin the next one.

9

(ii) Vowel

"i"
(Ji
-"

(i -:;- asrah) K

= ~) (Bi = ~ )
,/

This mark (-:;-)written below the Arabic letter is called Kasrah which stands for short "i". This "i" is pronounced as the vowel in "tin". (2) (Kasrah
JP
J,
"7 )

Di •

JP
-"

Di Dhi Ri Z·
Si
~

s
/

" Ie

/

t
,/

Ti •
j;

..b
/

~ ,/

Hi Ti Thi -

'--' •
~ ,/

,

Zi • Ie
Ghi

.&
,,-

J
,/

t

t
,/

J
/

:. 4,;""J
,/

t
/

d
/

Fi
Qi

4..J ,,~
,/

..

Shi

Ji c.

~,/

~

,/

Hi • Khi

~,/

Si
10

~


~
,/

~

,/

Ie Ye Ye

s.

>
",

Ni Wi Hi
'"

~

",

Ki Li

!l

t.S ..
",

J

'"
",

J

'"

L
'"

o =...Jb

Mi

r '"

'"

Note:
These alphabets may be pronounced in this way:
(Bi = y) Baa Kasrah Bi
",

(Ji = [..) Jeem Kasrah Ji (Di = ~) Daal Kasrah Di

'"

11

(iii) Vowel

"u"
(Ju =~)
J.

(u~4ammah)
(Bu =

y)

s

This mark ( ~ ) on the Arabic letter stands for short "u". This "u" is pronounced like the vowel in "pull". This mark (~) is called in Arabic dammah, (3) i dammah L )
J;

Zu .

j;

J

Dbu Ru
ZU

.)

J

~ J

Un Bn
To

~

J ~

\

t

Uo Ghu
Fu

t t
J,

J

J
J

'-" •
.::.J
J ~ J

J

J
~ J ~

0

4...J

J,

SU

Thu

Qu Ku Lu Mu

'-'

J..

Shu Su .
Du .
.k
...f'

!l

JP
J ~

Ju c

;.
~

Hu .
Khu

C C
J
~

J

J
J
~

JI'

J.

To •
12

,l,

J

Du

Yu

.s ..
~

Hu

..A
J.

J

Nu
Wu

J. ~

Yu

L

Uu

~

So

J

J

Note:
You may spell these letters in this way:
(B u = 1o..J) Baa Dammah Bu
J.

(Ju = (Du
=

r.)
~)

.

Jeem Dammah Ju Daall)ammah Du

[[ Exercise 2 ]
(Read and Spell)
J

~

r

!l
/

J ~ ~
,;

/

~

J
)1:-

J
,;

.s
,;

J

>

,;

~

,;

..r
C 1,
)1

~

/

...A
,; /

t
i./' ,;

~

..
,;

~
/ ,;

~ J. ~

=J
/ ,;

..

~

f

~

~

,;

r
,;

JP

t
13

C
/

J

J

[
(Jab = y [.)
_0_

Lesson 3 ]
.s,
0

Absence of <Vowel(Sukoon
o ,.,

y\)

,.,

(Min
)

= W~ ) ,.,

This circle ( above the letter is called Sukoon, It indicates that such a letter is not followed by any vowel sound, but the alphabet with Sukoon is joined with the former alphabet. (4) (Sukoon
~J:,

_E_)
1

At•
~J:,

0

o

,1,' ,1,\ ,1,'
I) ,.,

-t

Ad

~

0

~,
o~

,.,

Ab Ib
Ub
~ 0

~

0

~,

0

It .
~J:,

f;,

Id
~

~

0

~~
0
I)

o\

~o

,.,

~\

o~

Ut Agb
19b
J:.

Ud

J
~

~

~

Ugh
-

t' tl { t'
• J:. 0

As Is Us
14
J:. 0 J:.o

~

~\ ,.,

~, .
f;,

~

d\

I)

~

Aj
~o

~0

I)

,.,
J:.

~\
0

~1 Ii
I)

~,
f;, o {

~

d'

-I-

Uj
'" I)

[..\

Din
Dur

a

~~
o

/

lID Un
0 ;.

;.

j~
0

J.

~,
o{

~l
/'

a

M
Iq
;.

;.

J'
0

0/ ;.

..

~5

,

QuI

JJ'" Jan
0

w~
0

UK
AI
;. 0

;.

!}1

o~

J.

Hum
Note:

~...A

JiD.

~~

/'

J'
;.0

o ;.

/

You may spell this lesson in this way: (Ab
;.
$!
0

=

(It) =

Y') Hamzah Y J.) Hamzah
"

Fathat: Baa Sdkin Ab Kasrah Baa Sakin Ib
Ub
$! 0

;. a

(Ub (Jin

;.

=

y \) Hamzah Dammah Baa Sakin
Jeem Kasrah Noon Sakin Jin

--!

= ~~)

15

[ Exercise 3 ]
I) ~

)\
I)

""

cl C'
)\
I)

I)

. ~\
I) I)

J ~

J\

I)

~

~\ •

""
¢

)\
I)

I)

-{

1-

!;

~\
I)

..b\
I) "" I)

yl
~\ •
I)

J J:,

I)

""

)\

:.
~fo
I)

\
J
J:,

..b' 5 ,.b\
I) I)

{ 1-

~\ ~\
I)

I)

1-

)1
j\
I) -{

~\

0

~, . ~,
ft{ I) ""

J\
I) I)

1-

~

~\
~

5

~, ~, .. ~, ~,
o "'I)

"J

.

, ~,
I) J:, ""

t' t1 " t'
0

I)

--;

..

~~
I)

,
,

, C,
.
o

_g

[.\
I)

[,1
[.\
.!)\
"

i"

;...{

ill
~l
~1
,/
I)

"{

J'
) \
I) JJ:, I) --;

""
J:,

{

I)

~1
,/
I)~

i"

~\
o

l

:.

) \

o{

0

I)

-{

.. ?

C'
16

I)

i

, 4..J~
"

J\

1-

.

~,
.!)\ 1-

,/

JNl

[

Lesson 4 ]

Long Vowels
(i) Vowel
(3

=

I-

(J3

=

I

t)

Alif Maddah)
(Ba

=

I y)

If the letter Alif ( I ) comes after an alphabet with Fathah ( .: ), then this Alif will be pronounced like double Fatbah and this "a' is pronounced like "a" of"fatber". Joint / unjoint

Aa Ta

t

,.,

~

=
,/

1

\J
,.,

Fa Ka La
MS Na Qa

=, ,., \j = ,
=,
,/

t ,.,
~

,.,

Joint / unjoint

Da Ra Ba

,

,.,
,/

~

=\~

,/

,/

,., •
,.,

\J
,.,

=')
,.,

~

lS'
,/

~

~ =, J
\...0 = \

,.,

Ja
Sa
vP ..b

\.1 =, '-'" • • ,.,
~

=, ~

,.,
~

\~

='d
,/

,.,

U=\
\j =\
,/

,.,

,., ,., ..

~a
Ta •

\_;' =\ ~

~

\.b
\A
,/

,.,

= \ j,

,/

~

Ha

= , ./b
,/

17

(ii) Long Vowel (ii = j Waaw Maddah) ( Jii = j t) (B ii = j y) If the letter Waaw (_L_) with Sukooll(_o_) comes after an alphabet with Dammak (_}_), then this Waaw which is called Waaw Maddah will be pronounced
~'ii"s pronounced like the vowel of "food" . i

like double Dammah "ii" and this •

Joint / unjoint

Joint / unjoint
0 ~

Mu
Nu

y - J ~ Bu
J" Ju
o~

o~

J-! =J~ • ,Y:=Jr. ~
e ~
0

o~

0

~

o~

0

J

Hu
Yu

J-Iboj

o~

J-Ib Su .

o

~

...;P

- J~
o~

o

~

Til .
t

J:,

_,..., =J~
0

~ l

=JJP
Jl

~

Du
Zu

J~ - J ~ Uu

eJ

J) ~
oJ
0

)J
J

o-f

Fu

=)~
o

o

J.
~

Su
Tu

- JuM Ku
0 ~

=J~

o! y - J~

Lu

18

(iii) Long Vowel (1 = ~Yaa Maddah) (Ji ts [._)(Bl ~ '-') ... "" ,....

..

If the letter Yaa with Sukoon (_0_) comes after an alphabet with Kasrah (
=>: ),

then this Yao

Maddah will be pronounced the vowel of "deep". Joint / unjoint

like double vowel

Kasrah ( / ) = "I" and this "j" is pronounced like

Joint / unjoint
0 /

Li Mi

~

~

NT
Hi Yi Si
Di
"I

~

~

.. .. =4..£ J .. .. =t,.S :; =4..£ .. .. .. .. t,.S ...Ib .. =t,.S t,.S ..
0

Bi

~

~

Ji
Shi Ti '. t_ Ei Fi
.10-

0

0

"
,/

/

:s; =t,.S .. .. :A =:S~ ... ... :}? =~..b .. ..
0 /

,""

--

=~y..

0

/

~

/

/

0

,;

0;..

~

..

M ,; M

=f.S
0

..

0

/

t

,/

I

~
0

..
M __

'~~d
M ,/

~

=...;...J .. =~

4..£~
0
M

=4..£
M

0

~
/

Ki
~-

~

.. .:J
0 / 0 /

Zi

..so =4.S • J .. J
0
,;

/

Si
'.

:r? ..

=~~ ..

19

[ Exercise 4 ]
Mixed Yaa Maddah Waaw Maddah

(Revision)
ALif Maddah

.r=

o~ 4..J:}

~~-ft.:?~

,0 _.::,._

10~

~

y.-=J~
0

o~

s
~

J*P=J~
o J

o

J

0

J-"

oJ ~

~~

, o~.~

..

'->-,0 ~

..

= -e #t '~ \
'"

o

.r:

LA -

~.

"A --- J \ W· =.....,
0 ~

#t

'"

"'.

20

[

Lesson 5 ]
Words.
1
2

(i) Different joint shapes of Compounds

Baa Baa Raa t t Aieen Aieen

~

Laam Alif Laam Jeem
~ ~ ~•

~

~

t Aieen Noon Baa 4..:S- KaafLaam

LaamHaa Laam YaaHaa
j

W W ..

Baa Laam Baa Kaaf Alif

~ ~

Khaa Dhaal Taa OJ_,;. Taa Kaaf Thaa TaaMeem Taa Yaa Haa •
C.

..

~

Thaa Meem Yaa 4,$" Qaaf Daad Yaa
J'
~

~

Seen Hamzah Laam
TaaHaa Taa . Baa Aieen Daal Yaa Seen
j

c.

? Yaa Thaa Noon ..
CS
I

.. .. ..
t

:.

Thaa Baa Laam

y
LL•

~

~

t.

J,-, • Baa Laam Daal .-..
~

Yaa Faa Raa

..;P j ... Noon Saad Taa Gheen Dhal -'-' . --


~

21

(ii) Compound

Words with Short Vowel
.: = a)

(FatlJah 2

(Read the syllables and then the word)

Sa La Ma RaZaQa BaDaNa Da Ra Sa WaRaTha Aa Ma La Da Ra Ba • MaRaDa . Ha La Ka DhaKaRa Ra Fa Aa SaLaMa
,)

~J~
4JJJ
'" '"

AaBa DaMa

~

~,
1
'"

...........

~

~s
..jJj JJ
"'.
.;

'"

".Lt • RaSa
.;

~J~ ~JJ
~

'"

.;

.;

WaLa
i.JP

'" '"
.;

'"

'"

.;

SaFa • BaSa YaDa JaRa KaTa

~...t'
'" '"
.;

t

~

JP

yfp

~

JP~
~)h
.;

r:
'"
.; .;

.Lt ..

'" "'"

.;

L._"

._

~
.;

J5~ Mala
'"
.;

'"
~

t

r-L
22

~J

'" '"

.

LaKa TaNa

'"
~

'"
.;

~

(iii) Compound

Words with Short Vowel
-;7

(Kasrah
2

= i)
1

YiHi Ie Bi Li FiLiMi Ri Zi Qi Si Ri Fi Ie Mi Di Mi Li Ki Fi Ie Li Qi Di Ri Dhi Hi Ni Ji Ri Bi
~
".,

So

~,
,,-

~

~

Ie Bi DiMi
Ri Si

s:.

~\ • ,,~ ,,~

&. ,,-

,,-

,,-"-

~

~ ,,-

.. . (,J))
"...

d)

_...,'

,..,

WiLi Ie
t

~r

,,"."., ".,

JJ
".,

'"

,,-

,,-

Ti

..b

~

,,-

".-

t

.Lo e MiLi

~,,~

~LLo
,,-

,,-

,,-

SiRi FiKi BiNi BiKi Ji Bi

t

'"
,,-

~

".,

)~
".-

..

".,

~ ,,~ ~
".,

".,

".,

~~
7

".,

4.-J_r • •
,,;.-""

'-- '=,,-" • ,,-

23

(IV) Compound

Words with Short Vowel

(Dammah = 1. = u)
2

DuRu Su MuRuDu Ju Ru Fu VuLuMu Su Bu Fu .. Ru Su Lu Shu KhuDhu Ku TuBu Uu Nu Qu MuRuDu. MuRu:pu SuRuRu
J'
}

4..fJ ~
), ), ),

~

), ),

UuBu DuMu RuSu WuLu
DuUu
t

f..

~i

), ),

1

~r
J

~~

e

4..J.r:
J. ),
;.

4..f)
),

JJ
),

1. Co ),
J

u"

C.

s.
~

1"J

JJ
J. J

.It
~

~J
J

JuFu
J

V~ . ~

t~
J JJ

KuLu Shu Khu NuSu

'--sf

J~

t.

1

S--

JS;.
~

.. · ~...,.._ e.

.J! J J J

~
)1 ),

JI')~
J
JJ

JJ

Hu Shu
C.
J'
~

JI'

.. Jl'r HuDu
;.

«»

~

.'. J
),

)~

UuQu

t

J-S'

J

24

[ Exercise 5 )

JJ
J

JJ
~
;' ;'

~...w•
;' ;'
;'

~,
'$.

~,...
J
~

t~
J

~
;'

..
;'

~j~

;'

~

;'

JJ ••

'--"' •
;'

":
;'

j.5
J. JJ
~

Y?
JP~
;'

~

~j
;' ;'

~1
;'

;';'

;.-

~

~)J ""
;'
;'

.. .
""

~,

;'

JJ
;'.
;'

~

~.~

41

~

J-S'
d)~
JJJ

J

J

1 '---~
i

""

J~
""

..
;'

d)
;'

""

~

""
~

;'

;'

""

~

JJ
"" ""
~

;'

::".5
,
~

;'

~.r:
.-!J.J J. J
~

'--',
~~

J {,

..b.s,
""

""
;'

J

• JJ

""
~

<'--", ....
J~

~)

~J

J. J

r ""
OJJ
25

""

~

wr

..e J J

"" "" ""

Y.r:
;'

,""

(

Lesson 6 ]

Revision

Ab Min Hud AaRaSha Lil Nu SiRa • IIMu LasTa KunTu NahNu . MulKi
C
d'
"..

~

~,
~

Miscellaneous AaNa HuWa
~

~

J-A
~

".. J.

,,'
"..

"..

s,.

t

:r:rs
Q

J

Q

t&

J.

Li Ya TaKu Uu Mi La La Tu Fa .
.b
~

..
"..

J.

~

J-!
J.

"..1
J.

";-1iIl:2 ,
"..

~ ".. J. ".. ~ ".. ~

t

J.

Q

\

..

1 c. Khu Li Qa
".. Q

~I"~
"..

J
".. /

QaLaMi RaBiHa.

\...,
J. ~

J.. .

~~
Q

....

Q

z
/

.n
"..

"..

~)
~

/
/

Sa Mi Aa

t

IV

~Ll..o Fi Ka Ri
/

J.

A
./

26

AUf (Hamzah) with Sukoon ( -" l)

Raa Sa KaaSa Faa Ti Shaa Nu
~ ~

~

o

Tali Raa
s-

s-

U
o

/

~

\)

/

~U
/

o
~.

/

Saa
/

So

"W

.J~

o

Maa

s-

Some more Words

Idha IJ:asada Lam Yalid
Wa Lam Yiilad f-t

$.

~

z

TaQi QiLa

..u~~J
0/ -' //

Fi Hi AaJab Ka Ram YuKaDh
~

AaBuDu
t

J •S\
ar_• ...JU

.'--'o~

t

Na Bu Du AnAmTa Anta
ss-

-',.J.
0

0 -;

t

C~\

/

/O~

.__,_
l .... '\

/

0~

/

La Hum

27

Words of "Leen" Waaw -. Yaa o '" • 0'" (Khay =~ r.) (Khaw JCJ AyNa Law J;li Kbay Ra KhawFu BayTi QawSu t AyNi YawMa
I;Iaw Du
L.
~

0;.,
~

Aw Ay Daw Day Jaw Jay Shaw Shay Law Lay Haw Hay
~ ~
$0-

$0-

~jJ
~
;. 0

'"

~, ..
J~
6.S~'" ..
0 0

j'
o ...-

'"

;.Jy
I."
--'

-;

'"
;

to, '" _tEal
0 ..

.. .
'" '"
...-

'"
...-

~j.J

..
0

? '"
'" 0

J -:.
~

-:

c

~.H
0 '"

J'

~.Y

J.

..

Kay Fa Khay La Lay Li

~°t V .. ..

~

j-J
~

.,-

'"
...-

j..JJ
;;;-

J
~

0

:b
...-

..

28

[ Exercise 6 ]

Gt •
'" ..r
$

'"

J
""
Q ~
t

""

J

lb

Jo

,tt

:. ""

29

[

Lesson 7 ]

Compound Words with four alphabets

YaKba fu Ma aakum Uskun Ra bee mi .
~

t

~

~ ~~ t ~

Aadili Akh raja
~

c.

Aa bu du
c....;:J

~ t

...-

. Qu rr aa
~

...- .a I~~..____t
J""
...e

J.....s.\ •

""

o~

Kaw tha ra

Yal aa bu Aa ri d

t

4-_.

" .

-..u

...-,...-

..

Yur si la
4..5-...-

~t

JP

Alam nash rah. '-'" Laka sad ra ka • Wa idha qeeia Ia hum Wa rna ka sa ba
~ .!l

~

c

.. ..
o

oj •~

30

[ Exercise 7 ]

'--.-1 .. •
o.~\
~>'

J.

..... 0,...

~

e~

,...

~
0

~J@ ..
,...

o

..
t>.~ ,...
--

,
J.

)j5
,... ~~ J.

~\.i, . --

J~LS,
,... ,...

.....

..

,

~j

~~

..

e

0

.....

..

'-S .......

o

..

• "JU

0;'

t~t
J.J.O-;:

.....

--

..J~

J..

--

,...

..

J_..$-\ •

31

(

Lesson 8

J

(Tanween ~ ~ . ~ :,r..yJ) Tanween means two times short vowels on the alphabet which sounds likeN oon ".Jj" withSukoon

---------~------~--------~-----~=9 An=An Tin = Tin
o~ ~ ~ ~

Tun = Tun

::; = Q
j.
,sI

Ban

= Ban

Man = Man MiD
= Min

~=(.

Jan = Jan In =In Bin = Bin
Jin =Jin
~ s.

~1 = ! '"
o
;;:

Mun=Mun

Ran = Ran Wan = Wan Dhan Kan Ran
~ .)

,,_,
o~

o

,...

= '-' Un = Un
~

s.

s.

= Dhan ,,~=~_:,

~

Bun = Bun
Jun = Jun

L.S-'
~J
~

Tan = Tan

32

Qad Rin NafSin
~
~

)JJ Fan
~

o

0:;

~

~

•• Q'

o ...

Bad RiD

).L! ~

o

...

Some more Words Aa lee mun
t

Baa din .

t.JP

" Amaran
Ina ban Riz qan Dhar an
t Us ran t

" Shay in

~\) .J \J~

~

t

'"

Na ~i rin

!oJ"

,~

~

0

J.

Darun para bun

Yadan Hudan Qud ra tan
,J'

~ ,;::::,J'

~

{,.$J..A
~
,/

;:::: J.

.. Qa rna run ~J...u
0 -

Sh am sun

J.

Sa da qa tan

Umyun

t

33

t

II min

Ba si tun . Sa mee un Nu su kin Jab ra tan
Ra uoo fun
~

...b

Sha ku run Qu ray Shin
...r'

t

Sin wa nun •

Bun ya nun

Miscellaneous Bayna kum Tab ta gbi
Ghi sha wa tun

An ta An aam ta t '"/. · . Min bum OJ\...._~ ~
{ 0 -:"~

~

L_ ..

'"
1

0-;'
.,

..-:

~t

\• @
,:.:~,,~

o

;.

0

:,0 -/
~

c. Al ham du

Min Aaja lin

..,.,. v-'"
1f'

Nu lJee hi
Faw qa ha Aa laybim
t

c

In da An sha ra
~

t

34

Tal} yaw na Taa wee III Bia run Yusran
l Ii na ban
~

c.

.

~Jt5

e

J.
/
J ;.

r
••

) o~

.,
(

An fu sa Ya tee man Yanqa Ii bu Fa raq na

...r "
r

o~

h

~

Min khaw fin Ru
UOO
~

su ka
/

~l
)
~

/

.J.

"~J~)

0).)

Ma tub doo na

J0

1

0

1G

)

Aay nun ja riya tun Dba maq ra ba tin
Na run I}a miya tun
~

l

..
o

._s.

/

c.

""i_... !_~,\J. jW

~

35

[ Exercise 8

J

~\)

o

-\

$

o '"

••
t

~"

""


$

e...J

o

'"

t,J.

""

"

~=Y

oJ

.pi

\:L;..

36

=0 ~

..

,_ .. =0

'..,5;
\

.u::4:1 "I.,'

~

..
0

"'"

"","

"" J

e

7 "'•" •

.. .. "' ·..$: "" "'" \...":. . OJ

o ..

:; •0" ...J

.

J. '-=*, 1-:' Q

.

0/

"'"

!•

-..

IJ..~ ..

,:::

/ /

.

\

r"V - .. '

,::: 0

J.

37

[

Lesson 9 Jl

Erect FatlJah (.J..=a. ) pronounces like AUf Maddah, Erect Kasrah ( \=i) pronounces like Yaa Maddah. -.~. And Inverted Dammak • (.i..=u)pronounces like Waaw Maddah. Na

u~, = ..
~

Ya Ie
BI
J[
~

W 4.S Ba I ..= ..
~
I

"

\

,

Aa

~

\=~
, G- =[. .
-

W•

=t",,;.,) •

,

Ja Da
vP

~=~ .. '"
~~~

'" \~ -

\

~

..

Dl

, :s~- s, .. '"

~a Ta •
1-

W' 4.f' U, ~~~

ST
JP_ Di
o

~~~

.. ;rl=..if ..
~=Ja, ..
I

Fa
Aa La
t

U=.J

~= t\

Zi .

.,l;

~=

J

38

Gl!i Zu Ru Shu -

~= t .. , , • JJ =J

o~

Ma
Qi Ki
~

u=
..

I

.. ..... ..
~

~

JJJ
o ~

o .10

,

.s ,
I

:s-f= ..
...;

J. J.

=~

'. Wi
'.

~)=J
~

Fu
Lu Mu Wu Hu

j.J=~

Hi Uoo
~

.. =~
J\
~
0

;J=J
j-O=r ,
)J=J
0.10 e .10. ,

oJ

-

,

~

Bu Ju Khu

o J_~ J.

..

J-A= .A

o .10

,

y. =~
0

,

Y=(_

J.

,

39

Some more Words
Ma-ta
Ka-fa

,~ I...:>

A~-d a- a-rna Aa-rna-na
~

Yal}.-ya Sul-ta-nun . I-Ia-ha ;._ Ma-aa-rr-· b U Ha-wa-hu Ya-ra-bu
Ta-ra-ka
;.

c

~

,

0.'/

Qa-Ia Qa-la Ma-li-ki

J:,

~. ~ t!. l J.
"-J ;.
I

o

~ \t,
.;

jJ Ju

J )l •• ....,_, '" Ma-li-ki \-0

J 'W...H
I

'"

Dha-li-ka

~

~...r- l tJ Bi-hT "

H
/

".

Ta-Ia-ha Sa-ma-wa-tin Aa-ya-ti-na
~

,/,4
~~ ~

..

~

Ii ~
.;

Fi-hi

L~ e
/

..

\\

"'" Nu-ri-hT B~-di-hr

rL."...J\ ..
/

40

Ka-li-ma-ti-hi Sub-l}a-na-hu
C

""\
~~

/

lS'

Qab-li-hi Qi-li-hT Ru-su-li-hT Sifa-ti-hi La-hu Ya-ra-bu Ma-~a-hu Sa-mi-aa-hu Haw-Ia-hu • An-za-la-hu
j;.

~

.. "-'-~e '/ .. ,,1 e
/

,/ /

Il

"

1

/

Ib-ra-hT-ma Ie-Ia-fi-him Yuh-yi
Yas-ta-woo-na
j;.

j;.

~\J.4~
/

~, , .
0

L\ ,
/

JJ I.J)

d'

4..JL1 .,p \ '
/
/

..
/

J

/ ,~o /
"~ •• I~
/

~

U
/

~

/

~ ~

Nah-nu La-bu
M us-li-m u-na
~

C

J
~

0

It:

/

..-

0

~

U oJ 1 J

/

' a.....Q ...,
/
/

/

0 ..... ._4

C

Uy
W}\
-/

Is-ha-qa Is-ma-ie-Ia Da-wu-da
s

j;.

t

J

~;

-:".0\

0
$

\ tLQ.-e
/

0, .t
j!.
,/

...

In-da-hu Yan-su-ru-hu
• . -

t

0.,1

,

/

~c.
~

~JJ'~

wP

_
I

0r.a it.. I
'J J
0/

41

[ Exercise 9 ]
\

\= >

I

~=J ..
J-4' ~
o

,

,~ '-'=~

\

J

(,

t_;. - \

~=e , ..
(SJ=J , .."
,0...J =f..,..J ~;
o

G-=t
..

. -~

.,
\

'J =J

"

\

~=4..> -"
oJ"

\..

~"

,o~

-_

\....-

i-

JJ=J
oJ'

~=:? ..
\

~='-?
42

o J •....J. , .,..
0

&-0'
LU , ..
~

,

Jl=J\!
~~

.,..

"-t ,~

.,..

u.oi
\

.,..



.,..
,~

.,..

~

,
~

(.\$

I)

J.

~\
,:::

LJ

,

,

0

J.

r..;..... Q
,:::

.,..

:.s ..

HJ-1l
o.

.. , If .., '-=-, "_u
.,..
.\
,,;;

.,..

is'

o~ .,..)J-'
""

.,..

~~l

4..J\ tal:'
43

o

,

o J. \

• @i:~~
-

0

~j-,,~, u:.
, J.
0"" . i

..

44

[ Lesson 10 ]
(Jab-ba =
/.

y [.)(Dab-ba = y ~ )
/'

/.

".

This sign ( .z.: ) written above the Arabic alphabet is called "Shaddah", The alphabet with "Shaddah'" is joined with the former alphabet and will be pronounced twice like the letter "s" in 'dis-solve'.

Bus-su Saf-fa . Sif-fi
~
J'

J.

J.

~

Ab-ba

~

...r

An-na
Aj-ja

<-

..

Suf-fu
Ab-ban .. Ab-bin Ab-bun Ij-jan .. Ij-jin
~ ~

Bas-sa

Gf

Rub-ba

Uf-fin
1m-rna
<-

<-

Bas-sa
Bis-si

45

Thum-ma

Uj-jun Suf-fan
'-'"

~

Sakh-khara
Qud-dira

Tab-bat

.. 4:-"
o
,.,.

Suf-fin .
~".

d'

Suf-fun

Some more words Ay-yoo-ba
~

Y.J--!
0 ....

,~\

Rab-bi In-ni ,..
I.-

Kuw-wi-rat
Lis-sil-mi AI-Iii Wal-lii AI-hi-bu Wal-ia-hu
Ad-dun-ya

-

AI-la-rna
(

Hat-ta
Kal-Iii Rab-ba-na Iy-yiika
\ .:
,.,.

......

1)

..-

\"" ..j.l.h
J.

o

Ghaf-fa-ru

46

Wan-nas-Ia Al-Qur-ana Lidh-dhik-ri WaHi-kin-oa Akh-khar-ta-ni
&.

iJl,~,
}'~iU
~-/

~\j

Sij-jee-lin Fasab-bih •
:::

~

"

.-

p
,

~

~

Rab-bi-him

'" ~~

-'

))

..

~j
:;.
0

-"

;7~\

~

~/

Sar-raf-na .
Fa-iim-mu-hii Nab-bia-hum
;
<

.r

G

i~ J
J J <

ttl)
• "

....

,

"
W· J
..-

~w
A
0

_

,
..

oJ&.

(.

•@

III'

!

,

Yadh-dhak-kara Wa-Iaqal-yas-sar-na Ad-duu-ya

r5j,
~~

'-:0.

wtAJ

~"

..
.-

J

alj

\

..,·;W\

47

[ Exercise 10 ]

(_i = t t i

....

....

\

_.

.~)_.
1KJ

,J 9 ..;---

--

..

J

..

.. C,Q:>•

_.

..

J

48

. ._p~
'"

;.
}

'"

4...J\ •

J

~

o

'"

u

\

~ •

Q""
J

49

[ Lesson 11 ]
The Arabic alphabet with mark (Maddah ~ )

will be prolonged three or four times.
(Maaa

= L )(Maa = 'L )

Aalaa Maaa-aa
Dana-an
,_.. <

t

ss

,
~

Ma.0

\
~

_..

.0

--~ >\
~ ~~

--

Maa

\

.0

;J'~

Maaa
La Laa Laaa Fiii
~

,_..

\

.0

--

Saaa-in . Ba-laaa-un Inaa

~
-

.r

,_..

"

-~

~'Y4

,.....-

~

D~~ ooo-u
0

.....

>-J
J
0

U,•
;;:i

')l
~

,_..

-J

"~

4-

Wa-ri-tha-hii Aaal-aa-na
~.......... II:

'
U
... •

A_

/.t»
".,

...

J:

,

0h

50

Fil-aw-la-di-kum

U-Iaaa-ika-hurn
Blmaa-un-zl-Ia

~

-

<

~
;.
~ .,.. Q

~I
,...,

!JJ1
"4 •

I-'

,)

Jr' \
"

,

Banii- Is- raaa -ieela

-~

.........

Nas-rul-la-hi

o

....
i 'a'

il-Iaa-an- fu-sa -hurn Fa-man-~a3a j-j a-ka

J

0

~

__

.~~@I--"--Is"'\....,oH '

~l
~

""

i

51

[ Exercise 11 ]
~

W\
<

-'"

'"

~

t:-'"

~\

'1-""

_-'"

4

~

\
-

.;

.0

~J
,

J~

J.....
".
,
"

Y

~

~\~
~
-'"

~

\

~

"

'L_ljJ
o~

--


~

~

~\

"

A 4-

\

_4

"

.;

4,,)

~
I

J\
--,_..
0 • _,.

~-'"

-;,
~
-'"

, ~,J -•
~

~

~
J J __

t.;..
o~

. ,~,
~
_

~~

--

.;

~

~

~~'1'1 J-} --J
,_..
J

-'" ,

.....
'"

6." ru
•• ...y

~,

~
_,.
0

~

~l

/~J \ J
J.
\
_

,

J

~

$.~
\

4,,)

-- .! Q

J.~' --Ut\ ~
...

,_..

_.

.0

~,
~ ~

W, J. .. r
;

0;

0

0

0

,

--

~

..~T--'\"O ~ J'*"'~
o

-"',

52

[ Lesson 12 ]
The alphabet in "Muqat-tiaiit" Words are . pronounced separately.

.

.I. .I.

e

Ha-Meeem

....

-

,,_....

,.....
~

·

, ,. ,

Nooon Qaaaf Saaad •
<t-;.,_...
.r ,.....

,_...

,_...
~

Ya-Seeen Ta-Ha • Aeeen-Seeen
t,..... ,_...

-

,_...

cr

,_...

...
~

6

,_...

(j

""-:.

" Qaaaf
,.....

,

'-'"
,_...
~

,.....

"'trtAI~
,_...
~

Alif-Laaam-Ra Ta-Seeen Ta-Seeen - Meeem
~-,......
.1.,_...

j-J\
,_...
,......

,......

·

Ie;
,_...
WIt

..

·

tr,

~ ~ ~

Alif-Laaam-Meeem Alif-Laaam-Meeern Ra
J
,

\
,_...

..

,.....

Q

I,
,_...

Kaaaf-Ha- Ya-Aeeen-Saaad • Alif- L aaam- Meeem-Saaad .
,_.......

,_...

4,,)Q. 1 4,,)1'1

,.....

~:~ ..
,('
,.....

,_.........".

,_.......

,..... ,...... ...
Q

I,

53

[[ Exercise 12 Jl

,.......
...

~.~ (.-J' J-U' ""
~
y

~

j-J\ ~

,.......

~

.. (J
,.......

,....... ~
,.......

I

v: -.. ~

~

".

I

..,

a·'@
...

,.......

'('
,.......

w,aiQ

--

.........

~,

t;
y

tJ'...~

~

54

[ Lesson 13 ]
The alphabet with "Sukoon" (_0_ ) is omitted before the alphabet with "Shaddah" (.._.:_ )like. (Im-ma = t 0~)

Miw-wa Siw-wa Dbal-Ia In-nun •
Jum-mu
,

Lad-da Qat-ta

Luk-kn
AI-Ia Am-rna Daw-wa
~ t.

Bay-ya

An-da-daw-wa-an-tum
Miw-wa-raaa-i-bim

.

~ ~ J'jJ::r,
55

,._...

,

Zu -Iu- ma-til-la-yu b-si-roon .
4 • ••

.1

.

.1 e

~

J~~-1 ~ ... Q -""'
0

~

Lay-yaq -di- ra-alay- hi

~- ~?" J .. .... JJit- _Jar'e. _..~, ~~ l
_..
\

~

0

In -nal-la-ha-gha- fii-rur-ra-heem un .

~

56

[ Exercise 13 ]

~ ~- rt
J

~~ !'jJ 2J~
" A

'I-'

.-

\ '-.~~ 0 ~JO'
tsV_ ~

.

...

57

( Lesson 14 ]
(i) If Noon with Sukoon or Tanween comes

before "Baa" then it is pronounced "Meem". Ra-su-Ium-bima Am-ba-a-hum
Mim-baa-di-hi
..

LQ

trJ~j
~
.,;

(t---A\ . ' :J\ . QJ - ,... J , . 4.J
Go

'"

,.

• r.

.;"

Kha-bi-ram-ba-si-ran • Naf-sum-bi-ma Sum-bu-Ia -tin Raj-um-ba-iee-dun Alee-mum-bi-ma Fa-na-zl-ra-rum-bl-ma .
t

-

\~ J

',Q' .f

>.

,.

\". : _y.
...
"

l:
_,Q

t~

,..

•• I2t

0

.. ,-".
"
,. "1 • .JU •

,

1)
"

'. ..,, •
0 ,

",,,,

t

t_

"","

t...
i

~j

~

'"

t

..

,..

",

'

HJ ...

ra'l;

,..

,,

k!

.

58

(ii) The small alphabet "Noon" ( J) in between two alphabets is joint with the alphabet coming

next to Noon. It is called "Noon QlI!lti" and will be pronounced with "Kasrah " (-; ).

Nu-hu-nib-na-hu . Qa-di-ru-nil-la-dhee Ma-tha-la-nil-q aw-mi Khay-ra-nll-wa-siy-ya-tu . Yaw-ma-i-dhi-nil-masa-qu Shay-a-nit-ta-khadha
$

c

-

;

A:_~JJ\~:?
)

.

>

59

[ Exercise 14 ] t.Q _.
_..

•.. _

t

Uj
W
0

14)
.0

J

~

--t ~J. -. ,

-

_..

\" J

0

.. " • .J

..

,jQ,--

r\ '"

•• ...!J.. !-

~

""
o

.. 't

J

..

r'!
'

....
J
0

t \ ~ ...... _~".4.i ~.__. j
~ \",,":' __

\-..Q
0

• ~
'"

,,. , ,-",9•
,. 0

-• t
__

_.

~\

..

~ __

:,rtJ':1

J ....,. -., t-·) ~
r ~

60

[ Lesson 15
Pronounced like "Haa".

II
... ... ...

(i) When one stops at Round Taa (0), it will

,;

Quw-wa-tan Quw-wah Al-q a- ri-aa-tu
t.

>.~J
"

~

J

e

~J
__

-::;

J

e

oLG)t
--

,
"

atl

~

Alq a-ri -aah

"
.i

~

,)\
...
Q

~J'
--

..

Ka-li-ma-tan Ka-li-mah Shir-aa-tan Shir-aah Kha-lee-fa-tan Kha-lee-fah -

cd

'"

M'

15
__

--

"
" 0

M

"
-J

-iQ
..~ 0

--

15
..t
.-

:..

•1: ~" -.-~
... "
0

"

~J
__

-- •

r...t
-'

:.

• Q
__

...__

"
61

.~ " .......

(ii) The small alphabet "Seen" ( J' ) is written above" .r = ~a~d" as ( if ),this "~aad" can be read as Seen or Saad both . •
J oJ J

Yab-su-tu Bas-ta-tan Bi-mu-say-ii-rtn Hu-mul-mu-say-ti-roona . .J
'"
J,

J.

J

"6.
""..

.. ...b
?
0

b

J. .r
•I .:::::z

-"

I

, ..

la
;

.r

0

-- ..

•; .Q
0

--


<J"

J.

Q

,

;

bjJbo"Il=~ h ~ .. '
J

J

62

J
.9 ..

b -_. .._~1111~;"1iI' · L2
"'"

,.

"III" __

~IiII,:J,,~j
Q

"

'.'

(J.-

Lt'

i

,.eI'

....

,
'"

j$. J ''-!!IiiIIIIIIIih 0 4i~

.....

t:I

J

J'
""

$

""

~

~4.t
.,A'II,' __

'M'

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