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S IS ION COMM
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director
1. 2. Introduction…………………………………………7 Frame Work for B.E/B.Sc for Mechanical Engineering…………………………11 Scheme of studies for B.E/B.Sc Mechanical Engineering…………………………14 Detail of courses for B.E/B.Sc Mechanical Engineering…………………………18 Scheme of Studies for ME/M.Sc Mechanical Engineering ………………………..49 Detail of Courses for ME/M.Sc…………………52 Recommendation for BE/B.Sc programme .….73 Recommendation for Post-graduate Programme ………………………………………75 Annexures A,B,C & D………………………….77
5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socio-economics setup in which it is to be introduced. Hence, unlike a machine, it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976, the Federal Government vide notification No. D773/76-JEA (cur.), dated December 4th 1976, appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees, certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges, universities and other institutions of higher education.
In pursuance of the above decisions and directives, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities. According to the decision of the special meeting of Vice-Chancellor’s Committee, the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years.
A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic, Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards, and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. It also aimed to give a basic, broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration, and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. The engineering degree will devote 65-70% of the curriculum towards engineering courses, and 35--30% to non Engineering courses.
For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level, comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities, degree awarding institutions, R&D organizations and
respective accreditation councils. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Mechanical Engineering in a meeting held on January 31, 2008 at the HEC Head Office, Islamabad revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Committee, duly approved by the competent authority, is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions.
Member Academics December 2008
STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV
CURRICULUM UNDER CONSIDERATION
CURRICULUM IN DRAFT STAGE
COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI, R&D, INDUSTRY & COUNCILS
APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP
PREPARATION OF FINAL CURRICULUM
CONS. OF NCRC.
FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC
COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRICULUM
REVIEW PREPARARTION OF DRAFT BY NCRC IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM
ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI, HEC
BACK TO STAGE-I
Abbreviations Used: NCRC. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. Vice-Chancellor’s Committee EXP. Experts COL. Colleges UNI. Universities PREP. Preparation REC. Recommendations LI Learning Innovation R&D Research & Development Organization HEC Higher Education Commission
A special meeting of National Curriculum Revision Committee (NCRC) in Mechanical Engineering was held on January 31, 2008 at HEC, Islamabad to finalize the draft curriculum prepared during previous meetings. The committee greatly appreciated the excellent work done by NCRC members during their meeting held on June 12-13, 2007 at HEC Regional Center, Lahore to adjust the mechanical engineering curriculum as per standardized template which required very minor changes to finalize the draft. Following attended the meeting: Sr. 1. Name Dr. Ijaz Ahmad Malik, Convener, Head, Department of Mechanical Engineering College of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering, National University of Sciences & Technology, Rawalpindi. Prof. Dr. Younis Jamal, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore Prof. Dr. Abdul Hameed Memon, Chairman, Department of Mechanical Engg. Quaid-i-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah, Sindh. Dr. Khan Muhammad Brohi, Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro Dr. Afzal Ahmed, Professor, Engineering Sciences Department, Pakistan Naval Engineering College, National University of Sciences & Technology, Karachi Prof. Adnan Tariq, Dean, Faculty of Engg, Balochistan University of Engg. & Tech., Khuzdar Engr. Hafiz Muhammad Nadeem Sharif, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore Engr. Dr. Mohammad Javed Hyder, Dean Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Name Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad. Dr. Syed Muhammad Fakhir Hasani, Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NED University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi. Dr. Shahab Khushnood, Secretary Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Taxila.
NATIONAL CURRICULUM REVISION COMMITTEE SPECIAL MEETING FOR MECHANICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM FROM 12-13 JUNE, 2007 AT HEC REGIONAL CENTRE, LAHORE A special two day meeting of National Curriculum Revision Committee (NCRC) in Mechanical Engineering was held on June 12-13, 2007 at HEC Regional Center, Lahore. The meeting started with the recitation from the Holy Quran. Mr. Arshad Kamran Director HEC Regional Center Lahore welcomed the participants of the meeting. Mr. Shafiullah Khan Assistant Director HEC Islamabad briefed the participants that the said meeting was convened with the objectives to make necessary changes in the curriculum of Mechanical Engineering finalized during August 2006 in the light of standardized template / framework developed by the joint meeting of conveners of NCRCs for under graduate studies in Engineering disciplines on April 21, 2007 at HEC Islamabad to bring at par the curricula of Engineering disciplines with international standard. The members unanimously selected Prof. Dr. Javed A. Chattha as Convener and Dr. Mohammad Sultan Khan as Secretary for the meeting. During the two day meeting, the committee worked to adjust the mechanical engineering curriculum as per the standardized template. The semester wise curriculum has been modified to the best possible extent. However to implement the semester system more effectively the universities should be provided the required facilities.
Mechanical engineering is one of the most important engineering deciplines that may be supported by HEC for Faculty Development. In this regard the Mechanical Engineering Departments of all the Universities should be granted at least five scholarships per year for Ph.D studies abroad over a period of five year. It is also emphasized that implementation of the recommendations made in the previous meetings may be facilitated by HEC. The following attended the meeting: 1. Prof. Dr. Javed A. Chattha, Dean, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, GIKI Engg. Sciences & Tech., Topi Distt. Swabi Prof. Dr. Younis Jamal, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore Prof. Dr. Abdul Hameed Memon, Chairman, Department of Mechanical Engg. Quaid-i-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah, Sindh. Dr. Khan Muhammad Brohi, Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro Dr. Afzal Ahmed, Professor, Engineering Sciences Department, Pakistan Naval Engineering College, National University of Sciences & Technology, Karachi Prof. Fazli Rahman, Chairman, Mechanical Engineering Department, Balochistan University of Engg. & Tech., Khuzdar Engr. Hafiz Muhammad Nadeem Sharif, Department of Mechanical Engineering, UET, Lahore Convener
Dr. Mohammad Sultan Khan, Member/Secretary, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, GIKI Engg. Sciences & Tech., Topi Distt. Swabi
The following members could not attend the meeting 1. Dr Ijaz Ahmad Malik Convener Head, Department of Mechanical Engineering College of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering National University of Sciences & Technology Rawalpindi Dr. Khalil Ahmad Khan Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NED University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi. Member
Prof. Iftikhar Ahmed Member Department of Mechanical Engineering, NWFP, University of Engg. & Technology, Peshawar Commander Dr. S.S.I. Rizvi Dean Engineering Sciences, Pakistan Navy Engineering College, National University of Sciences & Technology Karachi Member
Engr. Saghir Mehdi Rizvi Member Industrial Engineering & Management Department, Dawood College of Engineering & Technology, M.A. Jinnah Road, Karachi Engr. Kashif Javed Department of Mechanical Engineering UET, Lahore Member
BS ENGINEERING PROGRAMME IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Duration: Number of Semesters Number of weeks per semester: Total number of credit hours: Engineering Course (Minimum) Non-Engineering Course (Maximum)
4 years 8 18 (16 for teaching and 2 for examinations) 133 - 136 70 per cent 30 per cent
Know ledge Area Subje ct Area Name of Course
English I English II (Communicatio n Skills) English III (Technical Writing) Pakistan Studies Islamic Studies/Ethics Social ScienceI Social ScienceII Management Elective-1 Engineering Management & Economics Physics Mathematics-1 Mathematics-2 Mathematics-3 Chemistry Mathematics-4 TOTAL
Le c CH
Tota l Cou rses
Tot al Cr edi ts
% Are a
% ove rall
3 3 3 9 22.5 6.8
3 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 3 3 2 3
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
3 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 15 40 100 30 1 3 3 9 7.5 22.5 2.3 6.8 5 12.5 3.8 4 10 3.0 4 10 3.0
Humani ties Culture
Social Science s Manage ment science s Physics Natural Science s Mathe matics Elective s
Know ledge Area Subj ect Area
Funda Mentals Comput Ing Progra mming Design CAD/CAM Engineering Drawing and Graphics Engineering Statistics Engineering Dynamics Mechanics of Materials-I Thermodynamics -I Workshop Practice Mechanics of Machines Measurement & Instrumentation Engineering Statistics Machine Design Manufacturing Process-I Fluid MechanicsII Heat and Mass Transfer Control Engineering Fluid MechanicsII Mechanics of Materials-II Thermodynamics -II Mechanical Vibrations Manufacturing Proc.-II Technical Elective-I Technical Elective-II Technical Elective-III Technical Elective-IV (Opt) 2 2 3 3 3 3 0 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 8 3 3 3 3 21 21.9 15.8 6 18 18.8 13.5 9 26 27.1 19.5
Name of Course
Computers Systems and Programming
Tot al Cou rses
Total Cre dits
% ove rall
Enginee ring Founda tion
Major Based Core (Breadt h)
Major Based Core (Depth)
Interdiscipli nary Enginee ring Breadth (Electiv es) Senior Design Project
3 2 6 6.3 4.5
Design Project Design Project Mechanical Engineering Lab (I – VII)
0 0 0
3 3 9
3 3 9
Industri al Trainin g TOTAL Grand Total
0 29 43
0 93 133
BE/BSc (Mechanical Engineering) Sample Scheme of Studies
A sample for distribution of courses in different semesters is provided, however universities may make changes according to their available faculty and schedule.
Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 2 3 3 2 2 0 12 Lab 1 0 0 2 2 1 6 Credit Hours 3 3 3 4 4 1 18
1 2 3 4 5 6
GS-101 GS-102 HS-102 GS-103 ME-111 ML-101
Applied Physics Applied Math-I English Computer System & Programming Engineering Drawing & Graphics Mechanical Engg. LabI Total:
Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 3 2 3 3 0 2 2 15 Lab 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 3 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 18
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
GS-104 GS-105 ME-131 ME-112 ME-121 HS-101 HS-103
Applied Math-II Applied Chemistry Thermodynamics-I Engineering Statics Workshop Practice Islamic Studies/Ethics Pak Studies Total:
Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 3 3 3 3 3 3 17 Lab 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 3 3 18
1 2 3 4 5 6
GS-201 ME-221 ME-231 ME-211 ME-212 HS-104
Applied Math-III Engineering Materials Fluid Mechanics-I Engineering Dynamics Mechanics of Materials – I English-II (Communication Skills) Total:
Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 3 2 3 3 3 0 0 14 Lab 0 1 0 0 0 2 1 4 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 3 2 1 18
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
GS-202 EE-201 ME-213 ME-232 ME-233 ML-202 ML-201
Applied Math-IV / Physics II Electrical Engineering Mechanics of Materials – II Fluid Mechanics-II Thermodynamics-II Mechanical Engg. Lab-III Mechanical Engg. Lab-II Total:
Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 3 2 3 3 3 0 2 16 Lab 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 3 1 2 18
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
GS-301 EE-301 ME-321 ME-311 ME-312 ML-301 ME-214
Engineering Statistics Electronics Manufacturing Process-I Machine Design Mechanics of Machines Mechanical Engg. Lab-IV Measurement & Instrumentation Total:
Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 3 3 3 3 2 Lab 0 0 0 0 0 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 2
1 2 3 4 5
HS-105 ME-313 ME-322 ME-331 ME-323
English-III Control Engineering Manufacturing Processes II Heat & Mass Transfer Engineering Management & Economics Mechanical Engg. Lab-V Social Sciences-II Total
0 2 15
2 0 2
2 2 17
Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 2 3 3 0 0 2 10 Lab 1 0 0 3 1 0 5 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 1 2 15
1 2 3 4 5 6
ME-411 ME-401 ME-4xx ME-499 ML-401 GS-xyz
CAD / CAM Management Elective Course Technical Elective Course-I Design Project Mechanical Engg. Lab-VI Social Sciences Total:
Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 3 3 3 3 0 0 9 107 Lab 0 0 0 0 3 1 4 26 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 3 1 13 133
1 2 3 4 5 6
ME-412 ME-4yz ME-4xy ME-4xy ME-499 ML-402
Mechanical Vibrations Technical Elective Course-II Technical Elective Course-III Technical Elective Course-IV (Optional) Design Project Mechanical Engineering Lab-VII Total: Grand Total:
Course Code Legend Alphabets
ME: EE: GS: HS: ML: Mechanical Engineering Electrical Engineering General Sciences Humanities/Social Sciences Mechanical Engineering Laboratories
DETAIL OF COURSES FOR B.E./B.SC. IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Design Engineering 1. Engineering Drawing & Graphics
Introduction. Types of lines, lettering, dimensioning, use of pencil and drawing instruments, planning of drawing sheet. Projections. Types of projections, orthographic projections, plane of projections, four quadrants, projection of points, projection of straight lines, examples with different quadrants, traces of a line, true length of a line, inclination to both the planes, projection of oblique and auxiliary planes. Loci of Points and Generated Curves. Loci of points and straight lines. Cycloid, epicycloid, involute, archemedian spiral. Development of Solids. Types of solids, polyhedra, solids of revolution, prism, pyramid, cylinder, cone, sphere. Intersection of Surfaces. Intersection of cylinder and cylinder, cone and cylinder, cone and cone, cone and prism. Projection of Solids. Projection of various solids in simple position and inclined positions. Section of Solids. True shape of section on auxiliary plane of various solids.
Isometric and pictorial projections of solids/machine parts, making of freehand sketches from solid objects and from orthographic projections. Sections of joints, screw thread systems, nuts and bolts, keys and cotter, coupling and simple bearings, pipe connections and engine details, preparation of assembly drawings. Introduction to computer aided engineering drawing and use of software/package.
1. Technical Graphics Communication By Bertoline Wiebe, Miller. Mohler, Irwin McGraw-Hill 1997 2. Practical Geometry & Engineering Graphics By Abbot. 3. Engineering Graphics By Craft, Meyers & Boyer 4. Technical Graphics Communication, 3rd Edition By Gary R. Bertoline and Eric N. Wiebe; McGraw-Hill
5 . Mathematical Elements for Computer Graphics By D.F. Rogers and J.A. Adams; McGraw-Hill 1976
2. Engineering Statics
Force System. Force, rectangular components, moment, couples, resultant of forces, moments and couples (two and three dimensional systems). Equilibrium. Mechanical systems, isolation and equilibrium equations for two and three dimensional systems. Free body diagram, two force and three force members. Structures. Plane trusses, method of joints, method of sections, frames and machine analysis. Forces in beams and cables Friction. Types of friction, dry friction, application of friction.
1. Engineering Mechanics (Vol. 1)8th Edition By R.C. Hibbler, Prentice Hall 2. Engineering Mechanics 6th Edition By Meriam & L.G.Kraige John Wiley & Sons 3. Vector Mechanics for Engineers (Statics) 4th Edition By Ferdinand P. Beer & E. Russel Johnston Jr. McGraw-Hill Science 4. Engineering Mechanics-Statistics,4th Edition By A. Bedford and W. Fowler; Addison Wesley McGraw-Hill Science
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3. Engineering Dynamics
Kinematics of Particles. Rectilinear motion, plane curvilinear motion, rectangular coordinates, normal and tangential coordinates, polar coordinates. Kinetics of Particles. Force, mass, and acceleration, Newton’s second law of motion, equations of motion, kinetic diagrams, rectilinear motion, curvilinear motion. Work and energy, potential energy. Impulse and momentum, conservation of momentum. Plane Kinematics of Rigid Bodies. Angular motion relations, absolute motion, relative velocity, instantaneous centre of zero velocity, relative acceleration. Plane Kinetics of Rigid Bodies: Force, mass, and acceleration, equation of motion, translation, fixed axis rotation, general plane motion, work and energy relationship, impulse and momentum equation.
1. Engineering Mechanics (Vol. 1)8th Edition By R.C. Hibbler, Prentice Hall 2. Engineering Mechanics 6th Edition By Meriam & L.G.Kraige John Wiley & Sons 3. Vector Mechanics for Engineers (Statics) 4th Edition By Ferdinand P. Beer & E. Russel Johnston Jr. McGraw-Hill Science 4. Engineering Mechanics-Statistics,4th Edition By A. Bedford and W. Fowler; Addison Wesley McGraw-Hill Science
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4. Mechanics of Materials-I
Mechanical properties of materials, tensile, compressive and shear stress & strain, Hooke’s law, stress strain relationship, thermal stresses. Moments of inertia, shearing force and bending moment, pure bending of beams, shear stresses in beams, deflection of beams. Torsion of circular bars, hollow and compound shafts. Strain energy, theory of columns. Plane stress and strain, principal stresses and strains, Mohr’s circle for stress and strain, theories of failure. Yield, fatigue and creep. Hardness, stress concentration. Deflection and stresses, thin and thick curved bars, thin walled pressure vessels, thick cylinders. Photoelasticity. Strain gauges. Castigliano’s theorem, Analysis of statically indeterminate beams, double integration method, superposition method, virtual work and it’s application.
1. Mechanics of Materials 4th Edition By Ferdinand P. Beer & Russel Johnston Jr. McGraw-Hill 2. Mechanics of Engineering Materials By P.P. Benham & R.J. Crawford Longman Sc & Tech (Jul 1987) 3. Mechanics of Solids & Strength of Materials By F.V. Warnock Pitman (Aug 1970)
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5. Mechanics of Machines
Friction between unlubricated surfaces, screw threads and efficiency, friction of pivot, collar and conical bearing, cone, plate and centrifugal clutch, belts and rope drives, chains and sprockets, bands and shoe brakes. Governors, effort and power, sensitivity, controlling force and stability. Gyroscope, geometry of gears, simple and compound gear trains, epicyclic trains, compound epicyclic trains, troque on gear trains,
dynamometers. Linkages: synthesis and analysis, position, velocity and acceleration analysis, turning moment diagram, flywheels, valve diagrams and valve gears, steering gears, balancing, engine balancing,
1. Mechanism Design Vol. 7th Edition By Erdman and Sanders. McGraw-Hill 1992. 2. Principles of Mechanisms By F. Dyson Oxford University Press,1928 3. Theory of Machines By W.G. Green Blackie & Son Ltd, 1955 4. Theory of Machines 3rd Edition By J.E. Shigley Mcgraw-Hill
6. Mechanics of Materials-II
Analysis of stress and strain in two and three dimensions. Equilibrium, Compatibility and strain relations, Analysis of torsion. Saint Venant’s theory. Thick walled cylinders. Thin shells. Rotating disks and flat plates. Symmetrical and asymmetrical loading, Secondary stresses, Energy theorems, Statically indeterminate problems. Photoelasticity. Strain gauges. Castiglione’s theorem. Introduction to fracture mechanics. Toughness, critical stress intensity factor. Impact and shock load, energy stored in body under impact loading stress due to impact loading.
7. Machine Design
Basic criteria of design of machine parts, determination of permissible and actual stresses, factor of safety, design of simple elements, design of keys, cotters, and couplings. Design of welded, riveted and bolted joints. Design of translation screws. Metal fits, tolerances, standards of fits & tolerances, surface finish. Design of spur, helical, bevel & worm gears, design of rolling contact bearings, design of journal bearings, design of mechanical springs, design of shafts. Design standards BS, ANSI, JIS, DIN, ISO. Design for assembly and dimensioning.
1. Mechanical Engineering Design 8th Edition By J.E. Shigley McGraw Hill 2. Machine Design, An Integrated Approach 3rd Edition By R L Norton McGraw Hill, 1986. 3. Design of Machine Elements 7th Edition By M.F. Spotts Prentice Hall
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CAD: Fundamentals of CAD, Hardware in CAD, Computer Graphics software and data base, Mathematical elements of CAD, Finite Element analysis. CAM: Conventional Numerical Control, NC part programming, Computer controls in NC
1. Automation, Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing By M.P. Groover, Prentice Hall1987 2. Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing, By M.P. Groover & E.W. Zimmers, Prentice Hall. 1986 3. Computer Integrated Design and Manufacturing By David D. B. Edworth. 1997 4. Mastering CAD/CAM 1st Edition By Ibrahim Zeid McGraw-Hill
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9. Measurement and Instrumentation
Significance of measurement, planning of experiments, general measurement system, calibration, static and dynamic measurement sensitivity, range, accuracy precision, repeatability, and uncertainty of instruments, measurement errors. Instruments for measurement of length, force, torque, frequency, pressure, flow and temperature. Introduction to data acquisition through computers. A/D and D/A converters.
1. Measurement Systems Applications and Design 1st Edition, By E. Doeblin, McGraw Hill 2. Theory and Design for Mechanical Measurements, By R. Figliola, And D. Beasley, John Wiley. April 30, 1991
10. Control Engineering
Basic Concepts. System, control system, input, output, open-loop and closedloop control systems, elements of a general control system, examples of control system. Mathematical Modeling of Physical System. Operational notation, grounded chair representation, seriesparallel, laws, equations of motion
for spring mass damper systems, levered system, rotational system, geared system, electrical components and R.L.C circuits, electrical analogies for mechanical systems, scale factors, thermal systems and fluid system. Transfer Functions and Systems Response. Review of Laplace transform, impulse, step and ramp functions, concept of transfer functions of common components, block diagram algebra, signal flow graphs, impulse, step, and ramp response of first and second order systems, characterization of response (time constant, gain, overshoot, rise time, setting time, steady state error, etc.) relation of system response to location of system poles and zeros. Stability of Control System. Concept of stability, Routh Hurwitz criterion. Root locus Methods and its Use in Control System Design Introduction to Digital Control
1. Automatic Control Systems, 8th Edition ByB. C. Kuo, F. Golnaraghi John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2. Modern Control System 10th Edition, By Richard C. Dorf Prentice Hall 3. Automatic Control, By J.J Distofano et al. 1981 4. Automatic Control, By Francis H. Raven 1968
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11. Mechanical Vibrations
Oscillatory motion. Elements of vibrating system, Harmonic motion, periodic motion, vibration terminology. Single degree of freedom systems. Equation of motion: Newton’s method, energy method, undamped free vibration, viscously damped free vibration, logarithmic decrement, harmonically excited vibration, vibration isolation, vibration measuring instruments. Two degree of freedom systems. Normal modes of vibration, coordinate coupling, forced harmonic vibration, vibration absorber, vibration damper. Orthogonality conditions. Vibration of Elastic Bodies. Free and forced vibration of cables and uniform bars, free and forced lateral vibrations of simply supported thin beams, torsional vibration of circular shafts with single rotor and two rotors, critical speed of rotating shafts. Finding natural frequencies: Rayliegh method and Holzer method. Electrical and Mechanical analogies
1. Mechanical Vibrations : Theory & Applications 5th Edition By W.T. Thompson Prentice Hall 2. Mechanical Vibrations 3rd Edition By S. S. Rao. McGraw 3. Elements Of Vibration Analysis By L. Meirovitch, McGraw Hill 2001 4. Vibration for Engineers By Endrew Dimargonas, Prentice Hall1996
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12. Engineering Materials
Structure of Metals Crystalline structure of metals, allotropy. Crystallographic planes, mechanisms in metals, slip and slip systems, dislocation, twinning, yield phenomenon and strain aging, Bauchinger effect. Metals and Alloy Systems. Production of iron, wrought iron, cast iron. Production of steel and its classification, ferrite, austenite, S-iron, cementite, pearlite, martensite, bainite, etc. Iron-carbon phase diagram, alloying elements and their effect on the properties of alloy steel. Refining of copper, aluminum and zinc. Aluminum alloys, zinc alloys, copper alloys, brass and bronzes. Metals and alloys for special application. Corrosion of metals anti-corrosive coatings and paints. Material Forms and Designation. Heat treatment critical temp, transformation on heating/cooling, annealing, normalizing, tempering, quenching, austempering, hardening, rolling processes and production of various steel sections such a billet, bar, rod, channel, Roll load calculation, British standards and ASTM standard specification on iron/steel.
Composition, properties and users of plastics, rubber, ceramics, fiberglass, composite materials and polymers. Polymers. Molecular structure, bonding & classification of polymer compounding, forming operations etc, plastics. Ceramics and refractories. Ceramic bonding, properties, ceramics material, crystalline and amorphous, silica, glass etc, refractory materials and their types. Introduction to Composite Materials.
Material failure analysis
1. Materials and Processes in Manufacturing, 8th Edition By E.P Degarmo Prentice Hall 2. Process and Materials of Manufacturing By Lindberg, 1977. 3. Ceramic Science for Materials Technologist By T.J McCalm 4. Engineering with polymers 1st Edition By P.C. Powell Springer (December 31, 1993) 5. Introduction to Engineering Materials 2nd Edition, By William F. Smith McGraw-Hill Science 6. Material Science By David Collister
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13. Workshop Practice
Fitter Shop. Assembly/disassembly of basic mechanical components, e.g. bearings, keys, belts, etc. Basic Processes in Wood Work Shop. Timber, its defects and preservation methods, different types of wood joints, making a small wooden model. Basics of Electric Shop. Types and uses of cables. Study of household electrical appliances. Functions of Forge & Foundry Shop. Brief introduction, tools and accessories, furnace types, heat treatment furnaces. Carbon dioxide casting. Machine Shop. Introduction to machine tools, basic lathe operations including turning, facing, screw cutting. Welding. Introduction to soldering, brazing and welding, brief details of gas, and electric arc welding. Students will be assigned practical jobs in machine shop, electrical shop, fitting shop, carpentry shop and smithy shop.
1. Workshop Technology, 4th Edition By W. A. J Chapman Butterworth-Heinemann 2. Electrical Wiring 14th Edition By Richter and Schwan McGraw-Hill Education 3. Wiring Manual By Pak Cables Limited.
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14. Manufacturing Processes-I
Forming & Shaping Processes and Equipment. Rolling. Flat rolling, rolling mills, shapes rolling, production of seam less tubing and piping. Extrusion and Drawing. Hot and cold extrusion, Extrusion and drawing equipment, Hydrostatic extrusion. Sheet Metal Forming. Sheet metal characteristics, formability of sheet metals, bending sheet and plate, tube bending & forming, deep drawing, supper plastic forming, explosive forming, equipment for sheet metal forming. Forming & Shaping Plastics & Composite Materials. Extrusion, injection molding, blow molding, thermo-forming, processing elastomers, processing reinforced plastics, manufacturing honeycomb material, processing metal matrix and ceramic matrix composites. Joining Process & Equipment. Fusion welding process: Oxy-fuel gas welding, arc welding, electrodes, thermit welding, electron beam welding. Solid State welding process: Cold welding, ultrasonic welding, friction welding, resistance welding. Weld quality weldability, weld design and process selection, brazing, soldering, adhesive bonding, joining plastics. Metal Casting Process & Equipment. Molding and molding sands, classification of foundry process, casting and its types, pattern and pattern making, core and core making, furnaces, crucibles, molding tools and foundry equipment. Powder Metallurgy. Production of metal powders, compaction, sintering, design considerations. Surface Treatment, Coating and Cleaning. Mechanical surface treatment and coating, painting and its testing, thermal spraying, vapor deposition, electroplating and electro forming, anodizing, hot dipping, surface texturing and cleaning.
1. Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing, 2nd Edition By M.P.
Groover John Wiley & Sons 2. Manufacturing Engineering and Technology 5th Edition By Kalpakjian Prentice Hall 3. Materials and Processes in Manufacturing 8th Edition By E.P Degarmo Prentice Hall 4. Process and Materials of manufacture By F.A Lindberg. 5. Introduction to Manufacturing Process By John Aschey. 6. Manufacturing Process By B.H Amstead, P.F Ostwald. 7. Manufacturing Technology By M.L Begeman, Hazel Hurst.
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15. Manufacturing Processes-II
Material Removal. Machines of chips formation, types of chips produced, forces and pressures involved, surface finishing and integrity, machinability. Calculation of material removal rate. Cutting Tools. Single point tool geometry, mill cutters, factors which affect tool life, tool life relationships, tool materials, types and properties of cutting fluids. Machine Processes for Producing Various Shapes. Milling operation, milling machines, planning and shaping, broaching and broaching machines, gear manufacturing by machining. Abrasive Machining & Finishing Operations. Abrasive, bonded abrasives (grinding wheels), grinding process, grinding fluids, design considerations for grinding, ultrasonic machining. Non Conventional Machining Process. Machining, electrochemical, electrical – discharge machining, wire E D M Control of Machine Tools. Machine tools control, numerical control system, sequence control, PLC, servo copying, Computerized Numerical Control.(CNC), adaptive control, programming for numerical control Jigs & Fixtures. General design principle, elements of jig, locating devices and clamping devices. Computer Integrated Manufacturing System. Manufacturing system, Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM), Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM), computer simulation of manufacturing process and system, group technology, Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS), Artificial Intelligence (AI), Cellular manufacturing. Metrology Specification and standardization, limit and fits tolerances and allowances. Precision measurements: Standards; sources of errors, angular measurement, measuring microscope, optical projection straightness and flatness testing, surface finish measurement. Introduction to Process Planning
1. Manufacturing Engineering and Technology 5th Edition By Kalpakjian Prentice Hall 2. Process and materials of manufacture By R.A Lindberg 3. Principle of Engineering Production 2nd Edition By AJ Lissaman & SJ Martin 4. Manufacturing Technology By Hazel Hurst. 5. Engineering Metallurgy By R.A Higgins 6. Manufacturing Science By Gosh and Malik
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16. Engineering Management & Economics
Plant Management Management systems Role & functions of management. Productivity, basic concepts, classification, measurement and improvement. Role of work study, work measurement and work sampling. Plant location criteria, equipment and utilities layout, types of layout. Material handling systems. Material requirement planning, Inventory models and Just in time (JIT) technique, production planning, scheduling problems & models, project management PERT-CPM, network scheduling, activity crashing and resource leveling. Engineering Economics Types of Costs. Direct, Indirect, Overheads, Fixed, Variable, Opportunity, Sunk. Cash flow diagrams, time value of money, discounted cash flows. Equivalence. Present worth, annual equivalent costs, internal rate of return. Payback period. Project feasibility analysis. Types of investments. Equity vs. debt financing. Depreciation accounting. Straight line, declining balance and sum of year digits. Plant replacement analysis. Types of taxes. After tax economic analysis. Inflation and Economic Considerations. Cost estimating methods. Project cost control. Financial management and accounting methods. Case studies in process industries.
1. Production & Operations Management By Evert E.Adam Jr and Ronald. Prentice Hall 2. Analysis & Control of Production Systems 2nd Edition By Elsayed & Boucher. Prentice Hall 3. Production Management By Kieth & Loekyer. Company Ordinance, 1984 4. Engineering Economy 7th Edition By G.J Thuesen & W.J. Fabrycky Prentice Hall 5. Engineering Economy By DeGarmo. 6. Engineering Economy By White National Book Foundation
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Basic Concepts. The system, control volume, working substance, heat and work, state and properties, thermodynamic process and cycle. First law of thermodynamics, first law of thermodynamics for a cycle, first law of thermodynamics for state change, Internal energy, enthalpy, specific heats. Ideal gas laws, equations of state. Properties of pure substances. Phase diagram, use of steam tables. Thermodynamic processes relationship. Constant volume, constant pressure, constant temperature, constant enthalpy and general law processes. Steady state and steady flow process, uniform state and uniform flow processes. Steady flow energy equation and steady flow devices. Second law of thermodynamics, definitions, its applications. Reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot cycle and thermodynamic temperature scale, Concept of entropy and its application to flow and non-flow processes. Enthalpy-entropy diagrams of working fluids. Thermodynamic cycles, efficiencies, and their applications. Idealized P-V and T – S diagrams of cycles. Rankine cycle and its application. Difference between direct and reversed cycles. Concept of open and closed cycles.
1. Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics,5th Edition By M.J. Moran and H.O. Shapiro, John Wiley & Sons 2. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics,6th Edition By Sonntang,Borgnakke,Van Wylen John Wiley & Sons 3. Thermodynamics, An Engineering Approach, 6th Edition By Yunus A. Cengel,Michael A. Boles McGraw-Hill 4. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics 5th Edition By Moran Michael
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18. Thermodynamics –II
Non reacting Gas mixtures. Dalton’s law and the Gibb’s Dalton law, volumetric analysis of gas mixtures, gas mixture constants and specific heats. Adiabatic mixture of perfect gases. Psychrometry and use of psychrometric chart for air-conditioning processes. Mixture with chemical reaction, simple reaction equation, stoichiometric chemical reaction, rich and lean air-fuel ratio mixture, enthalpy of formation and reaction. Adiabatic flame temperature.
Compressors, Classification and working principles, single stage and multistage compressors, inter-cooling, efficiencies and P-V diagrams of reciprocating compressors. Velocity diagrams of centrifugal compressors. Performance characteristics and working regimes. Boilers, generation of steam through boilers. Classification and configurations of boilers and their applications. Boiler efficiencies and heat balance sheet. Steam Nozzles, flow through steam nozzle and its efficiencies. Steam engine and steam turbine, their classification working principles, efficiency and heat balance sheet. Introduction to air/gas nozzles Introduction to Refrigeration and air-conditioning.
1. Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics,5th Edition By M.J. Moran and H.O. Shapiro, John Wiley & Sons 2. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics,6th Edition By Sonntang,Borgnakke,Van Wylen John Wiley & Sons 3. Thermodynamics, An Engineering Approach, 6th Edition By Yunus A. Cengel,Michael A. Boles McGraw-Hill 4. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics 5th Edition By Moran Michael 5. Basic Engineering Thermodynamic 5th Edition By Rayner Joel Prentice Hall
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19. Fluid Mechanics-I
Fluid Statics. Absolute, gauge and vacuum pressures, difference between static and dynamic pressure. Pressure gradient, manometery and Bourdon gauge, hydrostatic pressure, forces on plane and curved surfaces, buoyancy and stability. Integral Relations for a Control Volume and incompressible flow. Reynold’s transport theorem. Bernoulli’s theorem, Integral conservation equations of mass, linear momentum, angular momentum and energy and their applications. Total and static pressure. Impact of jets on curved surfaces. Differential Relations for a Fluid Particle. Differential equations of mass, linear momentum, angular momentum and energy conservation. Introduction to Navier Stokes equations, Potential flow theory, stream function, stream lines and stream tube. Dimensional Analysis, Similitude and its Applications Viscous flow in ducts. Steady, quasi-steady and unsteady flow, underdeveloped and fully developed, laminar and turbulent flow, flow between parallel plates, flow in tubes, losses in pipes, Moody’s chart and pumping power.
1. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 5th Edition By Munson, Young and Okiishi John Wiley & Sons 2. Fluid Mechanics, 5th Edition By Frank M. White McGraw Hill 3. Fluid Mechanics by Shames McGraw Hill. McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math; 4 edition (August 20, 2002) 4. Engineering Fluid Mechanics,7th Edition By Clayton T. Crowe, Donald F. Elger, John A. Roberson John Wiley & Sons
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20. Fluid Mechanics-II
Incompressible flow machines, hydraulic turbines Introduction to hydraulic system, hydraulic fluids, hydraulic circuits, actuators. Hydraulic pumps and motors, their performance characteristics, efficiency and similarity laws. Hydraulic presses, lifts and jacks. Hydraulic cranes, accumulators, and intensifiers. Hydraulic couplings, rams and hydraulic systems of earth-moving machinery. Compressible Flow, mass, momentum and energy conservation equations of compressible flow. Adiabatic, isentropic flow, converging and diverging nozzles and diffusers. Boundary Layer Flow. Boundary layer equations, flat plate boundary layer, effect of pressure gradient, separation and wake, lift and drag of immersed bodies. Airfoil theory; numerical analysis. Introduction to CFD
1. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 5th Edition By Munson, Young and Okiishi John Wiley & Sons 2. Fluid Mechanics,5th Edition By Frank M. White McGraw Hill 3. Fluid Mechanics by Shames McGraw Hill. McGraw-Hill
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4. Engineering Fluid Mechanics,7th Edition By Clayton T. Crowe, Donald F. Elger, John A. Roberson John Wiley & Sons
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Science/Engineering/Math; 4 edition (August 20, 2002)
21. Heat & Mass Transfer.
Conduction, Heat equation, Fourier’s law, one dimensional steady state heat conduction through plane and composite walls, cylinders and spheres with and without heat generating sources. Conduction heat transfer through extended surfaces, transient conduction, heat transfer by lumped capacitance method. Convection, Newton’s law of cooling, boundary layer, Natural (free) and forced convection heat transfer. Coefficient of heat transfer for free and forced convection, Effect of laminar transition and turbulent flow on
coefficient of heat transfer, flow over flat plates. Heat transfer through pipes and ducts flows. Critical thickness of insulation, Non-dimensional parameters related to heat transfer and their applications.shear stress, friction coefficient for fully developed flow. Reynolds analogy. Radiation, Stefan Boltzmann’s law, black body radiation, absorbtivity, reflectivity, transmissivity. Wien’s law, Kirchoff’s law, grey body radiation. Radiation shape factor and its applications. Mass Transfer. Ficks law and its application, Analogy between momentum, heat and mass transfer; f-factors. Heat Exchangers. Classification, overall heat transfer co-efficient. LMTD and NTU methods.
1. Fundamentals of Heat Transfer 6th Edition By Incropera & DeWitt John Wiley & Sons 2. Heat Transfer, A Practical Approach By Y.A. Cengel McGraw-Hill 2002 3. Heat Transfer 8th Edition By J. P. Holman McGraw Hill Higher Education
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Physical Chemistry: Properties of various groups and periods of periodic table. Sources, production and uses of the major chemicals with relevance to Pakistan. Thermo-chemistry: Chemical Thermodynamics, Hess’s Law, heat of formation and reaction, relation between H and U, measurement of heat reaction, Bomb calorimeter Electrochemistry: Laws of electrolysis, E.M.F. Series, corrosion (Theories, inhibition & protection), batteries. Industrial Chemistry: Industrial chemistry introduction, Manufacture and uses of various hydrocarbons. Lubricants and oils. Production and application of paints, rubbers and fuels. Environmental pollution and control. Water Treatment Methods: Water softening, treatment of water for industrial purposes.
Introduction: Scientific notation and significant figures. Unit in different systems. Vectors: Review of vectors, Vector derivatives, Line and surface integrals, Gradient of scalar.
Mechanics: Coordinate systems. Motion under constant acceleration, Newton laws and their applications, Uniform circular motion. Vortex Motion, Frictional forces. Work and energy. Potential energy, energy conservation, energy and our environment. Electrostatic and magnetism: Coulombs law. Gauss’s law. Electric field around conductors. Dielectrics. Magnetic fields. Magnetic force on current. Semiconductor Physics: Energy levels in a semiconductor. Hole concept. Intrinsic and extrinsic regions. Law of mass action. P-N junction. Transistor. Waves and Oscillation: Free oscillation of systems with one degree of freedom. Classical wave equation. Transverse modes for continuous string. Standing waves. Dispersion relation for waves. Optics and Laser: Basic introduction to Optics and Laser. Diffraction grating. Lasers, population inversion. Resonant cavities. Quantum efficiency. He-Ne, Ruby and CO2 lasers. Doppler effect and sonic boom. Modern Physics: Photoelectric effect, Compton effect. Bohr theory of hydrogen atom, atomic spectra, reduce mass, De-broglie hypothesis braggs law, electron microscope, zeeman effect, atomic nucleus, mass energy relation, binding energy, nuclear forces and fundamental forces. Exponential decay and half life.
24. Applied Mathematics-I
Complex numbers, Argand diagram, De Moivre’s theorem, hyperbolic and inverse hyperbolic functions. Algebra of vectors and matrices, systems of linear equations. Derivative as slope, as rate of change (graphical representation). Extreme values, tangents and normals, curvature and radius of curvature. Differentiation as approximation. Partial derivatives and their application to extreme values and approximation. Integration by substitution and by parts, integration and definite integration as area under curve (graphical representation). Reduction formulae. Double integration and its applications. Polar and Cartesian coordinates, polar curves, radius of curvature, cycloid, hypocycloid, epicycloid and involute of a circle.
1. Calculus and analytical Geometry, 11th Edition By Thomas Finney John Wiley & Sons 2. Advanced Engineering Mathematics 5th Edition By C. R. Wylie McGraw-Hill Education 3. Advanced Engineering Mathematics,8th Edition By Erwin Kreyszig John Wiley & Sons
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25. Applied Mathematics –II
Differential equation; basic concepts and ideas; geometrical interpretation of first and second order differential equations; separable equations, equations reducible to separable form, exact differential equations, integrated factors. Linear first order differential equations, Bernoulli’s differential equation. Families of curves, orthogonal trajectories and applications of differential equations of first order to relevant engineering systems. Homogeneous linear differential equations of second order, homogeneous equations with constant coefficients, the general solutions, initial and boundary value problems, D-operator, complementary functions and particular integrals. Real, complex and repeated roots of characteristics equations. Cauchy equation, nonhomogeneous linear equations. Applications of higher order linear differential equations. Ordinary and regular points and corresponding series solutions; Legendre’s equations and Legendre’s polynomial, Bessel equations and Bessel function of first kind.
1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics 5th Edition By C.R. Wylie McGraw-Hill Education 2. Advanced Engineering Mathematics,8th Edition By Erwin Kreyszig John Wiley & Sons
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26. Applied Mathematics - III
Laplace Transform : Laplace transform of elementary functions; Laplace transform theorems, inverse Laplace transform, applications to the solutions of ordinary differential equations. Partial differential equations : introduction, types, boundary conditions, solution by separation of variables. Applications. Solution by similarity parameters, applications. Differentiation and integration of vectors, curl, gradient and divergence; Green’s and Stoke’s theorem. Fourier Series. Fourier theorem and coefficients in Fourier series, even and odd functions, complex form of Fourier series. Fourier Transform.
1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics 5th Edition By C.R. Wylie McGraw-Hill Education 2. Advanced Engineering Mathematics,8th Edition By Erwin Kreyszig John Wiley & Sons
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27. Applied Mathematics – IV
Interpolation and extrapolations; Linear and higher order interpolating polynomials, Newton’s Gregory forward & backward difference interpolation formulas and their utilizations as extrapolation, Lagrange’s interpolations, numerical differentiation Numerical integration; Trapezoidal and Simpson’s approximations, Romberg integration Rout Finding: Bracketing methods and iteration methods and their applications as multiple root methods Solution of the system of Linear Equations (Direct Methods) Gauseelimination, Direct and indirect factorizations, symmetric factorization tridiagonal factorization, Iterative methods like Jocobi and Gauss-Seidel methods, LU Decomposition, Runge-Kutta methods Error Analysis : Absolute, relative, round-off, truncation, overflow and underflow errors Finite Differences: Forward backward and central difference formulations
1. Numerical Methods for Engineers 5th Edition By Steven C. Chapra & Raymond P. Canale McGraw-Hill Science; 2. Numerical Methods for Engineers & Scientists, By J.D.Hoffmann Prantice Hall, 1994 3. Numerical Analysis, 5th Edition By Burden, R.L PWS-Cantt Publication
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28. Engineering Statistics
Treatment of Data. Frequency distributions and graphs. Measures of central tendency. Variance, standard deviation. Probability. Samples spaces and events, counting probability. Elementary theorems,. Conditional probability. Bay’s theorem. Mathematical expectation and decision making. Probability Distribution. Random variables. Binomials Distribution. Poisson processes. Probability densities. Normal distribution, Students tDistribution. Chi-square Distribution. Sampling Distribution. Populations and samples. The sampling distribution of the mean (known and unknown). The sampling distribution of the variance. Curve Fitting. Regression analysis by least square methods. Correlation linear, polynomial, power, Regression analysis by least square methods
incorporating linear, polynomial, exponential Correlation coefficient determination. Design of experiments. Taguchi method. Control Charts
1. Probability for Engineers 2nd Edition, By Irwin Miller, John E Freund Prentice Hall 2. Statistical methods for Engineering & Scientists, By Walpol & Meyers Prentice Hall, 2002 3. Introduction to statistics, By Iqbal Bhatti 4. Introduction to statistics Theory-I, By Sher Mohammad 5. Modern Probability By Parezen E.
30. Islamic Studies/Ethics
31. Pakistan Studies
32. Social Sciences
34. Computer Systems and Programming
Introduction to Computers. Computer components and systems, Networks, Operating Systems. Word Processing, Spreadsheets, Presentation software, Internet Browsers & E-mail. Programming in C or Visual Basic. Introduction to MATLAB
35. Electrical Engineering
Introduction to DC Circuits: Series and parallel circuits, DC circuit analysis. Theory of Alternating Current. Series and parallel circuits, resistance, inductance and capacitance of AC circuits, power factor, resonance in RLC circuits, single phase and poly-phase circuits. Power and power factor measurement, current and voltage relationship in phase and line circuits. Types, characteristics and testing of AC motors, motor starters and switch gears, electric traction and braking, solenoids. Transformers. Voltage and current relationship of primary and secondary types of transformers, losses and efficiency. Generators and motors. Types, construction and characteristics. Motor starters. Testing and efficiency of machines.
1. Electrical Power Technology 6th Edition By Theodore Wildi Prentice Hall 2. Electric Machinery Fundamentals 4th Edition By S. Chapman McGraw 3. Electric Circuits, Basic Electricity By Schaum’s Series
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Part-1 (25%). Semiconductors, rectifiers, transistors, relays, Operational Amplifiers. Part-2 (75%) Number systems, Boolean Algebra, gates. Combinational logic (adders, comparators, decoders, multiplexers, etc.) Sequential logic (flip-flops, registers, counters, ROM, PROM, EPROM). Microprocessors (registers; ALU; CU; memory, address, data and control buses). ADC and DAC. Micro-controllers.
1. Electronic Devices 6th Edition, By Floyd, Prentice Hall 2. Electronic Principles By Malvino, A.Paul, McGraw Hill 3. Digital Computer Electronics 2nd Edition , By Malvino , McGraw Hill.
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Project (Final Year)
Technical Electives 1. Renewable Energy Technology
Introduction to types of renewable energy, solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, ocean thermal energy, tidal wave and geothermal energy, biomass energy. Fuel cell and heat pump systems, energy efficiency issues and energy storage. Potential of using renewable energy resources as supplement of conventional energy resources. Renewable and non-renewable energies used as hybrid energy systems, Modern renewable energy plants. Wind energy, wind turbine design specifications, compatible electric generators and major operational issues of the wind mill for electric power generation. Wind mills design usage for pumping water. Biomass energy conversion methods, detailed description of biomass energy conversion plant, operational and maintenance problems and their remedies.
1. Renewable Energy,2nd Edition By Godfrey Boyle. Oxford University Press, 2. Renewable Energy Resources, By john Twidell, Tony Weir. Spon Press;
2. Heating Ventilation Systems (HVAC)
Introduction, definition and basic terminology. Refrigeration cycles: vapor compression cycle, COP, pressureenthalpy chart, types of refrigerants, air cycle refrigeration, vapor absorption system. Air conditioning: Indoor and outdoor air conditions, comfort conditions and comfort zone, indoor air quality. psychrometry, Central air-conditioning system, essential components of central airconditioning plant, water chiller and water heater, air handling unit, chilled water and hot water recirculation system, return air supply system, fresh air supply system air mixture chamber, supply fan. Air dust
cleaning and bacteria removal, air supply and air return terminals, diffusers and grilles, CFM rating and tons of air-conditioning of a central air-conditioning plant. Cooling load and heating load calculation procedures, duct sizing and piping design, pumps and fans selection. Air ventilation: calculation of fresh air supply of a multi story building, air handling unit for untreated fresh air, dust and bacteria removal systems, forced convection based air ventilator design.
1. Heat, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning Analysis and Design, 6th Edition By McQuiston, Parker and Spitler John Wiley & Sons 2. Heating and Cooling of Buildings, 2nd Edition By Ed. Kreider, Curtiss & Rabl McGraw-Hill 3. HVAC Systems Design Handbook 3rd Edition By Haines, Roger W. Wilson, Lewis McGraw-Hill Companies; 4. ASHRAE Handbook
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3. Gas Dynamics
Basic governing laws of conservation of mass, momentum and energy, limitations. Sub-sonic and supersonic gas flow. Mach number and Mach angle. Isentropic Flow and Applications; Operation of nozzles under varying pressure ratios. Normal and oblique shocks, Prandtl-Meyer compression and expansion with applications. Rayleigh flow and Fanno flow, Busemann’s shock polar diagram.
1. Gas Dynamics, By M.J. Zucrow and J.D. Hoffman, Wiley. John Wiley & Sons, 1976 2. The Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Compressible Fluid Flow (Volume 1), 1st Edition By A.H. Shapiro, Ronald Wiley 3. Gas Dynamics, 2nd Edition By J.E. John, Allyn and Bacon. 4. Compressible Flow By B.W. Imrie
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Introduction, aerodynamics of incompressible flow, compressible and ideal fluid flow, airfoils theory, finite wing aerodynamics, blade element theory and aircraft propellers, Cascade aerodynamics, jet propulsion, intake and nozzle performance, aircraft performance measurement.
1. Aerodynamics for Engineering Students, By El. Houghton & A. E. Brock St Mortin Cambridge University Press, 2003 2. Aerodynamics, By L. J. Clancy, Hallstead Pr.
5. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)
Types of ordinary and partial differential equations, solution of equation sets, boundary value and initial value problems, control volume approach, time stepping, accuracy, stability, consistency, linearization, diffusion, dispersion, vorticity stream function and primitive variable formulations. Turbulence modeling. Examples of external flow across various configuration, internal flows through pipes, ducts and valves.
1. Computational Fluid Dynamics,1st Edition By John D. Anderson Jr. McGraw-Hill Science
6. Finite Element Method
Introduction: stress analysis by FEM; energy, variational principles and Ritz’s methods; co-ordinate transformation; isoparametric formulation, solution of engine value, boundary value, discretized time dependant problems.
1. The Finite Element Method: Principles and Applications By P.E.Lewis, J.P. Ward. Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. 1991 2. Advanced Strength and Applied Stress Analysis 2nd Edition By Richard G. Budynass, McGraw Hill 3. Finite Element Analysis-Theory and Application 2nd Edition By Saeed Moaveni, Prentice Hall
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7. Maintenance Engineering
Introduction and types: Preventive maintenance, its objectives, benefits and economics, inspection and implementation. Routine maintenance and monitoring of fault indicators, main concepts and implementation. Proper assembly/disassembly, alignment aspects, machine handling. Record keeping and maintenance scheduling, stocking spares and cost effectiveness, safety in maintenance. Basic
repairs of electro-mechanical equipment, fault diagnosis and assessment. Introduction to predictive maintenance. Condition base monitoring. Basic Repairs. Replacement/refurbishment of defectiveness parts e.g. bearings, brakes, shafts.
1. Maintenance Engineering Handbook 3rd Edition By L.R. Higgins, L.C. Morrow, McGraw-Hill 2. Management Handbook for Plant Engineers 2nd Edition By B.J. Lewis, McGraw-Hill.
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8. Introduction to Mechatronics
Introduction to Mechatronics. Sensors and transducers, transducer characteristics, sensors for measuring displacement, strain, force, pressure, temperature and motion. Encoders. Motors and their types. Stepper motors. Permanent magnet DC motors. Servo Systems. Interfacing. Ports, Input/Output, Analog to Digital converter, sampling theory, Digital to Analog converter. Sample and hold, multiplexer. Interfacing switches, LEDs, stepper motors and DC motors to microcontrollers.
1. Design with Microprocessors for Mechanical Engineers, By A. K. Stiffler, McGraw Hill 1992 2. Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Applications 5th Edition By Goankr, Prentice Hall
9. Automation and Robotics
Robotics: Basic concepts in robotics, classification and structure of robotic system, drive and control system, coordinate transformation, kinematics dynamic analysis and trajectory interpolation, interfacing with micro controllers and PLCs, applications of robots. Robotics and Automated Guided Vehicles. Basic robot motion, path control, robot drive system sensors, robot-computer interface, robot programming, Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV) types. Programmeable logic controller (PLC). Basics components and terminologies, ladder diagram elements, relay sequencing, processor
input and output modules, programming unit and programming procedures with machines or assembly language. Microcontroller. Basic elements of microcontroller, types of microcontroller, micro processor and PLC, overview of architecture and principles of operations, assembly, machine and high level programming languages for microcontroller, input and out put peripherals for specific application in mechanical engineering with interfacing techniques. Actuators, sensor, input signals, output signals, signal conditioning. Automations: Introduction to automations, automation strategies, economics of automations, partial automations, group technology and flexible manufacturing. Use of sensors and actuators in automations.
1. Robotics for Engineers By Yorem Korem 1985 2. Introduction to Robotics 3rd Edition By John Craig, Prentice Hall 3. Introduction to Mechatronics & Measurement Systems 2nd Edition By David, G. Alciatore and Michael B. Histand McGraw-Hill 4. Process Control Instrumentation Technology 7th Edition By Curtis D. Johnson Prentice Hall 5. Robotics and Manufacturing Automation By C. R. Asfahd John Wiley & Sons 6. Automation Production Systems By M. P. Groover 1987
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Friction, wear mechanism, wear debris classification, surface roughness, friction and wear measurement techniques, lubrication of sliding and rolling parts. Types of lubricants, grades and their properties; theories of lubrication, oil whirl, Hydrodynamic and elastohydrodynamics lubrication of journal bearing. Solid lubricants, self lubricating fuel, tribology in manufacturing, tribology in automobiles.
1. Basic Lubrication Theory , By A Cameron 2. Theory and Practice of Lubrication for Engineers By D.D. Fuller John Wiley & Sons Inc 1956 3. Modern Tribology Handbook, Vol-I, By Bharat Bhushan CRC Press, 2001
11. Nuclear Engineering
Review of nuclear physics, reactor physics, reactor heat transport. Types of nuclear reactors, and power plants. Reactor material . Nuclear fuels, enrichment and reprocessing; handling of fuels . Safety aspects.
1. Introduction to Nuclear Engineering By J.P. Lamarsh. Prentice Hall 2001 2. Nuclear Power Engineering By M. M. El Wakil McGraw-Hill 1962
12. Power Plants
Conventional Power Plants: Thermodynamics review, fossil fuel steam generator, Brayton cycle, Open and closed cycle power plants, combined cycle power plants, Combustion chamber configuration, Fuel injection system, combustion, flame stabilization. Gas turbine and jet engine power plants, Diesel engine power plant Combined heat and power plants (CHP), Hydroelectric power plants. Renewable Energy Power Plants: Power plants using Renewable energy, Wind mills power plants, Renewable and non-renewable energies used as hybrid energy systems, Wind energy, wind turbine design specifications, Geo-thermal, Biomass energy conversion methods, Solar Thermal power plant. Other and Emerging Power Plants: Nuclear energy power plants, Fuel cells technology. Environmental impacts of power plants
1. Power Plant Technology By M. M. El Wakil McGraw-Hill 1985 2. Power plant 2nd Edition By F.T. Morse 3. Applied Thermodynamics for Engineering Technologist by T. D. Eastop & J McConkey
13. Mechanical engineering design analysis
Philosophy and concept of engineering design. Engineering creativity, phases and procedure in design. Management of engineering project. Computer aided design. Modeling and similitude, optimization and reliability. Application of industrial design codes.
14. I.C. Engines
Engine classification, Combustion reaction of engine fuels, real engine cycle. Working principles of SI and CI engines, Ignition delay and combustion phases of SI and CI engines. Testing and performance characteristics of petrol and diesel engines under variable condition of load and speed. Knocking characteristics, Octane and Cetane numbers, engine valve timing and ignition advance and retard, Pressure-crank angle diagram. Working principle of turbo- charged engine, its performance characteristics and comparison with naturally aspirated engine of equal power. Engine emissions and their control through incylinder and out-cylinder techniques. Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system. Thermal reactor and catalytic converters. Trade off of NOx and HC emissions. Fuel injected petrol engine and its performance, advantages over conventional petrol engine. Engine performance under part cut-out conditions and fuel savings Introduction to duel fuel / multi fuel engines, CNG engines. Engine lubrication and lubricants, fuel additives.
1. Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals 2nd Edition By J.B. Heywood McGraw Hill 2. Introduction to I. C. Engines 3rd Edition By Richard Stone Palgrave Macmillan 3. Internal combustion engines By C-F Taylor. MIT Press
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1. Operations Management
Basics of managing manufacturing and service organizations; strategic decision making; facility location and layout; job design and work compensation; demand forecasting; capacity and material planning; scheduling in various environments; emerging trends in managing operations. Focus on selection and use of quantitative management tools after introducing fundamental concepts.
2. Total Quality Management
Fundamental principles; Standards; Techniques for quality analysis and improvements; statistical methods and SPC. Acceptance sampling; QFD;
Value engineering; Cross-functional management and benchmarking; ISO-9000 application, clauses, and implementation issues
3. Project Management
Fundamental principles; Project life cycle; Project organization and human resource management; PM planning; Work breakdown structure; Estimating time and cost; Precedence relationships; Project scheduling and control techniques; Project risk analysis; Time compression and resource leveling; Computerized project management; special software packages
4. Operations Research
O.R. Techniques and basics, Linear programming, graphical method, simplex method, geometric programming, dynamic programming, sensitivity and post-optimal analysis, transportation models, Queuing theory (weighting live models). Replacement Models. Simulation. basic principles, discrete models vs. continuous system simulation, applications, use of digital computer for simulation, languages of simulation, introduction to GPSS (General Purpose System Simulation) language, practical applications of GPSS.
1. Operations Research7th Edition By H.A. Taha. Maxwell Macmillan International 2. Introduction To Simulation Modeling Using GPSS/PC By J.A. Chisman. Prentice-Hall, 1992 3. Quantitative Management: An Introduction By Michael Anderson, Lievano, R.J. Kent Publishing Co.
5. Engineering Law
Introduction to legal studies, concepts and sources of law, basic principles of the law contract as it relates to engineers. The duty of care for engineers and the concept of negligence. Aspects of employment law. Intellectual property. Designs, patents, copyright in engineering. Enforcing rights to intellectual property.
1. Engineering Law and I.C.E. Contracts 4th Edition By Abrahamson Taylor & Francis
2. Legal and Ethical Phases of Engineering By C. Francis Harding McGraw Hill 1936 3. Business Law for Engineers By Frank Allen 4. Engineering Law 5th Edition By A.R.Dick University Press
6. Business and Entrepreneurship
Evolution of the concept of entrepreneur, Characteristics of an entrepreneur, Distinction between an entrepreneur and a Manager, in Economic Development, Factors affecting entrepreneurial growth (economic, Non-Economic and Government factors) Critical factors for stalling a new enterprise. Ingredients for a successful new business. Self-assessment and feedback, Personal entrepreneurial competencies. Goal setting. Creativity and sources of new business ideas, the difference the difference between ideas and opportunity and creativity. Assessing business opportunities in Pakistan. Screening and evaluating opportunities Product planning and development process. Creating parallel competition by developing a similar product or service, Product life cycle, Finding sponsorship. Acquiring a going concern, E-Commerce and business start-up and growth. Marketing as a philosophy, marketing management: Creating a marketing plan, Analyzing the environmental situation and the market opportunity, Setting marketing objective, Formulating a marketing strategy. The business plan as selling document, reasons for writing a business plan your company: What’s your identity, Field work started, Marketing issues: Who are your buyers?., Product issues: What are you selling?, Production exercise, Sales and Promotion: Financial issues: Targeting and writing the plan: Business Plan compilation exercise. What is franchising? Becoming a franchisees versus starting a standalone business, The franchisee contract, Non-contractual considerations of buying a franchise, Limitations of franchising, Conclusion, Course evaluation.
1. Rober D. Hisrich and Michael P. Peter, Entrepreneurs/lip,5th Edition, McGraw Hill 2. S.S. Khanka, Entrepreneurial Development
3. Irving Burstiner, The small Businesses Handbook 4. Bruce A. Kirchhoff, Entrepreneurship and Dynamic Capitalism 5. Modern Business Management, A System & Environment Approach by McGraw Hill 6. William D. Bygrave, The Portable MBA in Entreprenurs/lip Entrepreneurship CEFE, Germany, Development Manual
7. Safety Health and Environment
Introduction of Health and Safety, Industrial Safety: introduction objectives of Safety, Importance of Safety in an industry, Industrial accidents, Effects of accidents, Types of accidents incidence of fire. Fire prevention and control.
Techniques of Safety Management:
Principles of accident prevention, hazard analysis. Legal, humanitarian and economic reason for action. Safety inspection procedures. Safety training, First aid and emergency procedures,.
8. Environment and Health:
Introduction: importance of clean environment, Scale of Environmental Pollution. Environmental Act. Health and Safety Act. Atmospheric Pollution: Types of Atmospheric pollution, Their Causes and Effects on Human Health, Available Technologies for Controlling Pollution. Industrial Waste: Solid Waste, Industrial Effluents and Waste Gases, waste treatment plants. Noise Pollution: Measurement of Noise level, Effect of excessive noise on human health. Remedial Measures. ISO Standards for Safety and Health and Environment
1. Safety at Works 4th Edition By John Ridley Butter Worths Publishers 2. Factory & Production Management By K.G. Lockyer Pitman Publishing
Mechanical Engineering Laboratory I
Practical in the subjects: Thermodynamics I, Engineering Statics
Mechanical Engineering Laboratory II
Practical in the subjects: Fluid Mechanics I, Engineering Dynamics, Mechanics of Materials-I
Mechanical Engineering Laboratory III
Practical in subjects: Mechanics of Materials-II, Fluid Mechanics II, Thermodynamics II, Measurements and Instrumentation
Mechanical Engineering Laboratory IV
Practical in Subjects: Manufacturing process I, Mechanics of Machines
Mechanical Engineering Laboratory V
Practical in Subjects: Control Engineering, Manufacturing Process II, Heat & Mass transfer
Mechanical Engineering Laboratory VI
Practical in Subjects: Technical Elective I, Technical Elective II
Mechanical Engineering Laboratory VII
Practical in Subjects:
Mechanical Vibrations, Technical Elective III, Technical Elective IV
SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR
M.E/M.Sc (1½ - 2 year) MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Require ment Math. Course Core courses
No. of Cours es I 3
Cre dits 03 09 Manufactu ring Engineer ing Advanced Engineerin g Materials Advanced CAD/CAM
Advanced Numerical Analysis Select any 3 courses Design Engineer ing Theory of Elasticity Experime ntal Stress Analysis Product Design & Develop ment Finite Element Analysis Dynamics and Control Power Engineer ing Advanced Thermodyn amics Advanced Fluid Mechanics Conduction and Radiation Experiment al Methods
Advanced Mechanical Vibration Advanced Mechanism Design Engineering Design Optimization Advanced Automatic Control Systems Robotics
Finite Element Analysis Computer Integrated Manufacturi ng Manufacturi ng Systems
Elective Courses Research Thesis
Advanced Computatio Engg. nal Fluid Materials Dynamics Select any four additional courses from the list provided below
List of Courses:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
Advanced Numerical Analysis Advanced Engineering Materials Advanced CAD/CAM Finite Element Analysis Computer Integrated Manufacturing Manufacturing Systems Theory of Elasticity
8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52.
Experimental Stress Analysis Product Design & Development Advanced Mechanical Vibration Advanced Mechanism Design Engineering Design Optimization Advanced Automatic Control Systems Robotics Advanced Thermodynamics Advanced Fluid Mechanics Conduction and Radiation Experimental Methods Computational Fluid Dynamics Convection Heat Transfer Theory of Metal Cutting Operation Research Advanced Metal Forming Human Factor Engineering Advanced Stress Analysis Modal Analysis Total Quality Management Continuum Mechanics Advanced Dynamics Advanced Solid Mechanics Theory of Plates and Shells Viscous Flow Fluid Mixing and Separation Boiling and Condensation Heat Transfer Industrial Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Internal Combustion Engines Fluidized Bed Combustion Design of Machine Tools Artificial Intelligence in Design and Manufacturing Joining of Advanced Materials Mechanism Design Automation and Control Tribology Pressurized Systems Solar Energy Utilization Energy Management Industrial Management Fracture Mechanics Boundary Layer Theory Two Phase Flow Manufacturing Design and Cost Analysis Production Management & Control
53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70.
Advanced Mechanical Design Fuel Cell Technology Engineering Plasticity Fatigue of Metals and Structures Deformation and Failure of Materials Mechanics of Composite Materials Behavior of Materials under Impact Loading Computer Application in Mechanical Engineering Condition Monitoring of Rotating Machinery Mechanics of Micro Structure Financial Analysis Human Resource Management Optimization of Engineering Systems Modeling and Automation Air Pollution Non Metalic and Composit Materials Combustion Aerodynamics
Detail of Course for M.E/M.Sc Advanced Numerical Analysis
Introduction: basic ideas, concepts, terminology, elements of a numerical method: differential formulation, solution domain and mesh, discretization, set of algebraic equations, solution algorithm. Preview: choice of numerical mesh, Cartesian, polar-cylindrical, general orthogonal, regular non-orthogonal, arbitrary triangular meshes, discretization, truncation and discretization errors, Newton’s method of solving algebraic equation of single variable, Crammer’s rule for solving set of equations, round off errors and their estimation. Polynomials and Finite differences: collocation-type polynomials, finitedifference-operator algebra, forms of polynomials, relationship to Taylor series. Finite differences: differences and Differential operators, basic operator relations, relations of first, second and higher order derivatives to difference series, solutions errors. Solution of equation sets: Ill-conditioning, iterative solution methods, Decomposition, Eigen-value problem, system stability, characteristic polynomial, roots, Eigen-values, convergence of solution scheme. Ordinary differential equations: order, methods of solving first order ordinary differential equations, higher order differential equations and their conversion into set of first order ordinary equations. Partial differential equations: variants of partial differential equation, choice of finite-difference formulation and solution algorithm, elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic equations. Discretization and solution of second order 2-D steady diffusion equation, first order 1-D transient diffusion equation, first order 1-D convection equation, Finite volume approach.
Advanced Engineering Materials
Polymeric Material: High performance fiber, high performance elastomers, high performance coatings, special polymers, moderately high polymers, engineering polymers. Materials development and modification, multilayer and adhesive technology will also be part of this course. Physical and chemical testing of polymers. Fundamentals of polymers: Molecular structure, polymerization processes, morphology of polymer molecules, plasticizers and fillers. Composition and characteristics of principal types of polymers, convention constant rate of elongation test, creep tests, isochronous
curves and other forms of data presentation, strain recovery and stress relaxation, anisotropy of properties time-dependence of strength and creep rupture, durability under cyclic loading BS impact tests. Fracture of polymers: Fundamentals of fracture mechanics, application of fracture mechanics to polymers, Kc determinations Kc crack speed curves instability, environmental effects impact testing, application to practical problems. Composites: Composite materials compared with conventional materials, fiber and matrices, composite mechanics, elastic properties, failure processes, failure at notches, notch sensitivity and fracture energy. Fatigue and failure of composite materials. Deterioration of properties owing to environmental conditions, hybrid composite materials, manufacturing the by hand lay-up, preparing specimen for mechanical testing, burn off tests to determine fibre volume fracture. Categories of composites. Properties of glass and other fibers. Matrix materials composites as monotropic membranes. Mathematical models of stiffness of composites based on mechanics of materials and energy considerations. Elasticity of anisotropic materials. Strength of composites. Outline of methods of manufacturing composites and of their application.
Overview of existing CAE systems. Fundamental of CAD: Introduction, Design Process, Creating manufacturing database. CAD/CAM System Hardware Structure, Configuration, Mini, Micro, Interactive display devices, Peripherals, Storage, Display and operating system. Geometric Modal and Technique, Solid Modeling, Graphics in CAD. Conventional numerical control, NC part programming, computer numerical control, NC programming with interactive graphics, The role of group technology in CAD/CAM, The role of process planning in CAD/CAM, Process planning system.
Finite Element Analysis
The stiffness method and the plane truss, Integral formulations and variational methods, week boundary value problem, Rayleigh – Ritz method, error analysis, Eigen value problem, Two and three Dimensional problems, Plane Elasticity, Bending of plates, beams, use of
commercial FEA codes. Applications of FEA in the relevant fields of study.
Computer Integrated Manufacturing
Fundamental of operations and automation strategies, High volume production systems, computer aided manufacturing n, numerical Control of Production Systems, Industrial Robots, Material Handling and Storage, Group Technology, Flexible Manufacturing Systems, Quality Control and Automated Inspection, Expert Systems.
Introduction, Overview of manufacturing processes, Machine tool and manufacturing equipment, process planning, design of manufacturing system, operation of manufacturing systems.
Theory of Elasticity
Cartesian Tensor Analysis, 3D state of stress and stress transformation, Principal stresses and planes. Mohr’s Representation, Stress small deformation theory, Strain displacement relations, Strain compatibility equations. Stress-Strain relation, Lame’s and engineering constants. Formulating of problem in elasticity, Biharmonic equation, Stress function. Plain stress and plain strain problem in Cartesian and polar coordinates. Principal of superposition, Uniqueness of elasticity solution, Axisymmertic plane problems. Semi inverse method. General solution of torsion problem. Solution derived from equations of boundaries. Approximate solution of torsion of cell sections.
Experimental Stress Analysis
Revision of Fundamental concepts of stress and strain in two and tree dimensional. Mechanical and electrical gauges. Electrical resistance strain gage material, Foil and wire gages, Two and three elements rosette, Cross sensitivity factor, Potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge circuit, Full-half and quarter bridge circuit, Strain indicators, Data acquisition systems, Transducers. Optics description of light as an electro magnetic wave. Maxwell’s equations. Design of optical elements. Wave plates. Theory of diffraction of light, Stress optic law, Photoelasticity. Caustics. Stress Freezing, Scattered ray and brittle coating techniques. Grid methods. Brittle coatings. Laser interferometry. Moire
interferometry. Normal and transverse displacement interferometers. Mechanical testing of ductile and brittle materials. Quasi-static loading, Dynamic loading.
Product Design and Development
Design process, advanced technology for design process, idea generation and creative problem solving, Project-centered subject addressing transformation of new ideas into technology based products, attaining a proper match between product and marketplace. Product design specification, Product design issues: evaluation, market perception, aesthetics and human interfacing, Design for manufacturability, reliability, and repair ability, pricing and legal implications.
Advanced Mechanical Vibration
Properties of vibrating system, Lagrange’s equation. Continuous systems: Transverse vibration of string of cable, longitudinal. Use of computers for solution of vibration problems. Orthogonality of Eigen vectors, modal matrix, normal mode summation, computational methods, Gauss elimination, matrix iteration to the Finite Element Method, mode summation procedures for continuous systems, random vibrations, nonlinear vibrations, perturbation method, phase plan, modal analysis.
Advanced Mechanism Design
Mechanisms and machines. Links, Joints and kinematics chains. Degrees of freedom. Types of mechanisms. Inversion. Grashof’s condition. Position, Velocity and acceleration analysis of mechanisms using vector algebra. Synthesis of mechanisms for motion, Path and function generation. Dynamics of mechanisms.
Engineering Design Optimization
Modeling. Mathematical modal. Nature of design process. Analysis and design models. Optimal design. Formal optimization model. Bounded ness, Feasibility and constraint activity. Topography of the design space. Mathematical review. Notation. Multi-variable functions. Continuity gradient and definite matrices. Convergence of algorithms. Conditions of optimality: necessary and sufficient conditions for unconstrained and constrained optima. Meeting of LaGrange multipliers. Methods of
unconstrained optima. One dimensional minimization. Bisection and golden section initial bracketing, Polynomial interpolation. Multidimensional minimization. Steepest descent. Conjugate direction & conjugate gradient methods. Newton’s method and its modifications. Quasi-Newton methods. Scaling. Stopping criteria. Methods for constrained optima. Interior and exterior penalty method. Augmented lagrangian method. Direct methods.
Advanced Automatic Control Systems
Mechanical Systems, representation of Control Systems, z-Transform, State-Space response, Digital Control System, Frequency Response Methods, Controllability and absorbability, Design of observers, Stochastic Analysis of Control System, error Analysis, stability, Lyapunov’s stability criterion, Modeling of Control using MATLIB
An overview of Robotics, Drive methods, Sensors for robots. Spatial description and transformation, Forward kinematics Inverse Kinematics Jacobean, Denavit-Hartenherg coordinate transformations, Force/Torque relations, Trajectory planning, Dynamics, Lagrange equations, Position control, PID control, Inverse dynamics feed forward control, Nonlinear and two parts control. open-Loop Manipulators, Closed Loop Linkages, Epicyclical Gear Drives, Wrist Mechanisms, Tendon Driven Robotics Hands. Robotics application growth and cost.
Equilibrium of thermodynamics systems: concept of equilibrium, spontaneous change, criterion of stability, equilibrium of system, Van der Waals’ equation. Systems of constant chemical composition: thermodynamic properties, equation of state, law of corresponding states, relations for pure substance, applications, specific heats, Clausius –Clapeyron equation, liquefaction of gases. Ideal gases and ideal gas mixtures of constant composition: state of all ideal gases, internal energy and enthalpy of an ideal gas, entropy of an ideal gas-the third law of thermodynamics, Gibbs free energy equation, heats of reaction or calorific values, adiabatic combustion, heats of formation and Hess’s law, entropy of ideal gas mixtures.
Gas mixtures of variable composition: chemical potential, stoichiometry and dissociation, chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant and heat of reaction, Van’t Hoff’s equation, calculations, temperature rise due combustion reaction, Lighthill ideal dissociating gas, ionization of monatomic gases, non-equilibrium processes, equilibrium and frozen flows. Special systems: application of thermodynamics to elastic systems, systems with surface tension, reversible cell, fuel cell, magnetic systems, steady state or irreversible thermodynamics, thermo-electricity.
Advanced Fluid Mechanics
Continuum properties. Control volume formulation of the conservation laws including deformable Control Volume Field equations: Euler equation, Navier Stokes and thermal equations, some exact solutions. Vorticity and circulation. Inviscid flow considerations. Boundary layers. Measurement techniques in fluid mechanics.
Conduction and Radiation
Formulation of steady and unsteady, multi-dimensional conduction in different geometries. Heat transfer through extended surfaces, analytical and numerical methods of solutions. Electromagnetic background and definitions. Interaction of radiation with homogenous matter and with interfaces. Black body radiation. Radiation from real surfaces. Radiative energy transfer between surfaces and enclosures.
Instruments for measurement in fluid flow: monitoring and controlling processes, engineering analysis, categories of flow, instrumentation in thermo-fluids, planning, designing and carrying out experiments, stages of an experimental investigation. Pressure differential devices: incompressible and compressible flow cases, idealized analysis of flow meters, practical flowmeters, Rota meter, idealized analysis, use with gases, calibration. Turbulence and Reynolds number: 2-D nozzle jet flow, time-dependent flow, coordinates and notation of the actual, mean and fluctuating components of flow velocity, time-averaged quantities, case studies. Pressure measurements: measurement at wall, manometers and instruments, pressure transducers, Pitot tubes (probes) performance, error sources, Pitot-static tubes performance.
Flow system: open and closed circuit wind tunnels, high-pressure and /high-temperature closed circuit wind tunnels, working section, use of screens, meshes, gauzes, course meshes, honeycombs, nozzles, diffusers, contractions, bell-mouth contractions, refracting meshes, splitter plates, guide vans, blowing (Coanda effect), boundary layer suction, corners, corner vanes. Hot wire anemometry (HWA): measurement of mean and fluctuating components of velocity, HW response, King’s law, Constant current (CCA) and constant temperature anemometers (CTA), calibration procedures, directional characteristics, normal yawed and crossed wires, processing the hotwire signals. Hot film anemometry, HWA versus HFA. Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA): basic Doppler effect, laser light properties, components of LDA system, general schematic of an LDA system, 2-beam LDA system, signal processing, counters and trackers, Bragg cell, forward and backward LDA, choice between LDA, HWA and HFA. Transducers: strain gauge, Piezo-electric, diaphragm pressure transducers, measurement of mechanical displacement, velocity, acceleration, rotational speed. Combustion flow measurements: measurement of temperature, pressure, velocity, density, pollutants, NO x , SO x ,HO x ,HC, and fuel concentrations, Particle sizing: mean droplet size, size distribution of droplets, droplet velocities, and trajectories, mean droplet diameters, non-intrusive techniques, spark photography, light scattering- laser diffraction, single particle counting, soot particles High-speed cine film photography, holography, use of digital camera for experimentation and flow visualization in thermo-fluids.
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Computational Fluid Dynamics
Introduction; partial differential equation; Basics of finite-difference methods; Concepts of error, consistency and stability; Momentum and energy equations; Diffusion equations; Turbulence modeling; Boundary layer computational methods; Hyperbolic equations; Grid systems.
Convection Heat Transfer
Equation of motion, Formulation of laminar, free and forced convection including integral techniques, Methods of solution: Similarity, perturbation, turbulent diffusivities. Prandtl and Karman's theories, Analogy between heat and momentum transfer, Reynolds, Taylor, Prandtl and Martinelli analogies. Combined heat transfer.
Theory of Metal Cutting
Mechanics of cutting, Chip formulation, Cutting Forces acting on the cutting tools, Heat Generation during Metal Removal , Wear Consideration of the cutting tools, stress and strain analysis of cutting process, Yielding criteria slip-line field theory, Upper-bound theory, Finite element analysis of metal cutting complex tools, Micromachinability, Surface integrities, Applications.
Linear Programming: Formulation, Graphic solution, Assumptions of LP, the simplex method, Equality constraints, Inequality constraints, Negative RHS, Duality theory, Primal and dual problem. Special types of LP problems: The transportation problem, Production scheduling, North-west corner rule, Vogel’s approximation method, Russell’s method, Transshipment problem, Assignment problem, Goal programming, Sensitivity analysis, Parametric programming, Dynamic programming, integer Programming. Queuing Theory: Basic queuing process, The birth and death process, Basic model with infinite and finite queue, Limited input source, Priority Queuing model. Inventory Control Theory: Deterministic Model: Continuous review uniform demand, shortages permitted, quantity discount – shortages not permitted. Stochastic Model: Single – period model with no setup cost, Model with initial stock level, Single – period model with setup cost, Two – period inventory model with no setup cost.
Advanced Metal Forming
Macroscopic Plasticity & Yield Criteria: Tresca, & Von Mises criterion; Plastic work, Effective stress; Effective strain; Flow rules for plastic stress – strain relations; Principle of normality. Work hardening & Plastic instability: Tensile test; Mechanical properties; Nominal and true stress-strain curves; work hardening expression; Behavior after necking; Direct compression; Bulge test; Plane-strain compression test. General approach to instability; Balanced biaxial tensin; Thin-walled sphere internal pressure; significance of instability. Strain Rae and Temperature: Strain rate; Super plasticity; combined stress and strain-rate effects; Strain rate dependence; Temperature dependence of flow stress; Hot working; temperature rise during deformation.
Ideal Work: Ideal Work or uniform energy; Extrusion & rod drawing; Friction ; Redundant work, and mechanical efficiency; Maximum drawing reduction. Slab analysis: Sheet drawing; Comparison of slab method & ideal work method; wire drawing; Direct compression in plane strain; Average pressure during plane-strain compression; Sticking friction; Axisymmetric compression; Flat rolling. Bending: Spring back in sheet bending; Bending with superimposed tension; Sheet bend ability; Bending of sheets & tubes; Forming limits in shape bending. Cupping, Redrawing, and Ironing Cup drawing; Effects of work hardening; Deformation efficiency; Effects of tooling; Redrawing; Ironing. Complex Stamping: Localized necking in biaxial stretching; Formability; Formain limit diagrams; Cupping test; Edge cracking; Bulk forming tests.
Human Factor Engineering
Introduction: Scope of Ergonomics, Human operator as system components; physical size and shape dynamics, anthropometry, sources and application of energy input sensitivity, central processing capacity, input characteristics, environmental effects, heat and vibration, lightning and noise. Techniques in human factor studies; the assessment of physical activity, subjective assessment technique, methods of work analysis. Design Requirements: Interface design; space requirements and layout visual presentation of information, auditing presentation of information, machine dynamics, control design, environmental factors, jobs aids, System evaluation.
Advanced Stress Analysis
Introduction: Analysis of stress and strain, Review of relation for various type of stresses, Equations of equilibrium, Boundary conditions and principal stresses. Generalized Hook’s law, boundary value problems of linear elasticity. Elasticity applications: Thick tube, Stress concentration due to a Circular hole in a stress plate, concentrated load acting on the vortex of a Wedge and Concentrated force acting on the free surface of a plate. Elastic-plastic Structures: The occurrence of fracture and the inadequacies of conventional design concepts. Type of fractures that occur under uni-axial tensile loading. The physical significance of
fracture toughness. The role of dislocations in plastic deformation of single and polycrystalline materials. Contact ‘ Thermal Stresses: Application of Contact Stresses to mating of gear teeth, shaft in a bearing and ball and rollers in bearings. Thermal stresses and thermal strains; applications to turbines and pipes carrying hot fluids. Viscoelasticity Analysis: Type of time dependence superposition, Boltzmann’s integral, Differential form, in phase and out of phase components. Laplace transforms and relationship between viscoelastic parameters. Model materials, Maxwell Voigt and standard linear solid. Photo elasticity. Plasticity: Plane strain deformation and slip line field. Stress distribution from the slip line field. Upper bound and lower bound theorem.
Introduction, Application and philosophy of modal testing, Summary of theory, Measurement methods, Analysis and test procedures, Introduction to mobility measurement techniques, Basis measurement system structure preparation, Excitation of structure, Transducer and amplifiers, Analyzers, Digital signal processing, Use of different excitation types, Calibration, Mass cancellation, Rotational mobility measurement, Measurement on non-linear structure, Multi excitation methods, Introduction to model parameters extraction methods, Preliminary checks of PRF data, SDOF modal analysis, I peak amplitude, SDOF modal analysis-II, Circle fit method, SDOF Modal analysis-III inverse method, MDOF curve-fitting procedures, MDOF curve –fitting in the same domain, Global or multi curve-fitting, Non-linear systems. Introduction to derivation mathematical models, modal models, Display of modal model, Response models, Spatial models, Mobility skeletons and system models. Applications, comparison of experiment and prediction, correction of adjustment of models, Structure modifications; Coupled structure analysis, Response prediction modifications, Coupled structure analysis, Response prediction and force determination.
Total Quality Management
Introduction to TQM, ISO-9000 Quality Model, Quality in manufacturing and service, Principles of total quality management, Leadership and Strategic planning, A focus on the customer, Quality measurement, Method for continuous improvement, Participation and teamwork, Implementation issue and strategies, inspection & quality control. Control
Charts and their applications. Economics & quality control, Life testing, reliability, reliability prediction and calculations, reliability enhancing techniques.
General aspects, basic assumptions, development of mathematical tools, Kinematics of a continuum stresses general principles. Theory of constitutive equations. Basic material laws. Curvilinear coordinate systems in tensors.
Hamilton's Principle, generalized variables, Language’s equation, Rigid body dynamics and systems with gyroscopic effects on spinning shafts and critical speeds, Gyro -compass, Inertial navigation, Vibration of systems with time varying and non-linear characteristics, Hamilton's principle applied to distributed systems and to systems with electromechanical transducer components.
Advanced Solid Mechanics
Physical elements of deformation and fracture, Elements of continuum mechanics and thermodynamics, Identification and rheological classification of real solids. Linear elasticity, thermoplasticity, viscoelaticity, Plasticity, viscoplasticity, damage mechanics, crack mechanics.
Theory of Plates and Shells
Torsion, pure bending, transverse loading, transformation of stress and strain, singularity function, deflection by integration, deflection by moment area method, Castigliano's theorem, Euler's formula for columns, Secant formula for columns, theory of plates and shells.
Introduction, properties of fluids, boundary conditions. Fundamental equations of compressible viscous flow, Dimensionless parameters, solutions to Newtonian viscous flow equations. Laminar boundary layers, stability of laminar flows, Incompressible turbulent flows, Compressible
boundary layer flows. Finite difference analysis and digital computer solutions of various problems.
Fluid Mixing and Separation
Introduction to fluid mixing technology. Equipment and Correlation. Mechanical design of fluid mixers. Heat transfer in agitated vessels. Solid-Liquid and Liquid-Liquid Separation: Principles, methodologies and equipment. Cyclone Separators.
Boiling and Condensation Heat Transfer
Thermodynamics of vapor/liquid systems; basic processes of boiling; pool boiling, convective boiling; single phase heat transfer; onset of sub cooled boiling; saturated boiling heat transfer; critical heat flux in forced convective flows; condensation and evaporation at a liquid-vapor interface; film and drop wise condensation; augmentation techniques.
Industrial Air Conditioning and Refrigeration
Summer and winter air conditioning load calculations, air conveying and distribution, fans, duct design, and diffusion apparatus for producing comfort in summer. All year air conditioning methods and equipment, automatic control for air conditioning systems. Refrigeration load, selection of all units and writing specifications for all equipment for the design work, methods of development for the design work, methods of development studies in air conditioning industries. Mechanical Engineering
Internal Combustion Engines
Thermodynamic analysis of engine process. Thermodynamic simulation methods. Theory of two-stroke cycle operation and super-charging. Manifold turning. Characteristics of engine performance.
Fluidized Bed Combustion
Fundamentals of fluidization. Heat transfer .in fluidized beds. Combustion in fluidized beds. Materials handling. Thermodynamic cycles with fluidized bed boiler. Recent developments in fluidized bed technology. Specific problems of fluidized bed combustor.
Design of Machine Tools
Types of machine tools, General requirement sin the design of machine tools, Geometry and performance of cutting tools, Basic theories of metal cutting, Actuators and drive systems, Slide ways, Spindle and spindle bearings, Control and operating devices, Cooling systems, Work holding devices, Machine tool structures, Machine tool dynamics.
Artificial Intelligence Manufacturing
Applications of artificial intelligence to design and manufacturing, Principles, strengths, and limitations of existing techniques, Knowledge representation issues and techniques, Prolong, expert systems, machine learning.
Joining of Advanced Materials
Introduction to joining, mechanical fastening. Mechanical fastener and joining methods. Adhesive bonding, Adhesives and their bonding processes, welding, joining advanced metals, alloys, and inter-metallics, joining of ceramics and of glasses, polymers, composite materials, dissimilar material combination.
Kinematics and dynamic characteristics of planar and spatial mechanisms, Vector and graphical methods for kinematics analysis, Introduction to graphical and computer methods for kinematics synthesis of mechanisms, Methods for dynamic analysis of mechanisms, Applications from industrial machine systems and robotics manipulators.
Automation and Control
Theory and techniques of high-level control, strategies and decisions at symbolic level, Symbolic description of process behavior. Pattern classification and clustering, in process monitoring and sensor fusion, Supervised and unsupervised learning, Neural networks, Rule-based control, Fuzzy control, Case studies on robots, vehicles, and various physical plants, Emphasis on the bridge between physical and symbolic domains.
Theories of friction. Mechanism of wear, adhesive, abrasive, corrosive and other types of wear & measurement, lubricants, properties, hydrostatic & hydrodynamic lubrication, Elasto-hydro-dynamic lubrication,solid film lubrication, and boundary lubrication, Bearing types and selection, Design procedure and performance evaluation.
Background analysis and shell theory, plasticity, limit analysis and shakedown, design by rule, design by analysis, local loads, supports and mountings, nozzle design and branch connections, design rules for dished ends including buckling aspects, design of externally pressurized vessels, fatigue aspects of design, tube sheet design, flange design.
Solar Energy Utilization
Advanced topics including passive, active and hybrid heating techniques, thermal storage and solar ponds, equipment in solar systems, solar distillation and evaporation, solar cooling and refrigeration, solar pumping and irrigation, high temperature applications, photovoltaic, utilization of other renewable energy resources, biomass, wind energy etc.
Energy scene, Thermodynamics and energy, heat and mass transfer, waste heat recovery, vapor diffusion and condensation. Energy surveys and energy audits; laws of energy and materials flows, checklists for energy managers, case study generation, evaluation and optimization of options for energy conservation.
Production management and decision making. Analytical and quantitative methods of management. Planning organization and control of production systems. Plant layout. Work and method study.
Introduction to fracture mechanics. Types of cracks. Fracture toughness, stress intensity factors. Crack opening modes. Singular stress fields, Crack tip stress fields. Ductile to brittle transition. Linear elastic and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics, J-integral, Post yield fracture mechanics, Failure theories. Fracture mechanics in design, experimental and analytical procedure in fracture mechanics. Case studies: ships, aerospace, and nuclear reactors.
Boundary Layer Theory
Navier-stokes equations. Derivation of boundary layer equations for two dimensional flow. General properties of the boundary layer equations. Exact solutions of the steady – state two dimensional boundary layer equations. Boundary layer control. Thermal boundary layers. Fundamentals of turbulent flow. Turbulent flow thorough pipes and along a flat plate. Approximate methods for turbulent boundary layers. Turbulent jets.
Two Phase Flow
Liquid-Solid, Liquid-vapor, Solid-gas flows, Flow regimes of liquid-vapor flows, Pressure drop predictions, Strokes flow, Drag and lift, Flow regimes of Fluidized beds and relevant statistical analysis, Bingham flow, Dispersed phase flows, Energy and momentum coupling, Reynolds transport theorem, Combustion of droplets or particles, Numerical and experimental methods.
Manufacturing Design and Cost Analysis
Introduction to the subject, Manufacturing design paradox, the five key integration, Action, outcomes of successful manufacturing design. Structuring for design-manufacturing integration cost concepts and classifications, methods of costing, Product design and estimation of production cost and selling price, Element and nature of costs, control techniques, planning for profit, successful cost reduction process.
Production Management and Control
Production management: Production and its integration with other areas of firm, Types of production, Mass and flow production, continues/process production, Batch production, Job order, One time large projects. Production sale’s fore coasting and its techniques, Production Design and development, Computer’s role in (Production planning & control), Management concepts, Principles of management, Functions of management, Personnel management. Network techniques and their applications to simple engineering problems, Recent developments in plant maintenance, Replacement analysis, Reason for replacement and factor to be considered for replacing equipment. Material purchase, Material handling, stores management, Product sale and marketing management.
Advanced Mechanical Design
Techniques of the mechanical design, Describing mechanical design problems and process, the human element in design, finite element method of stress analysis, application of method to plane strain and axisymmetric problems, techniques foe non linear analysis , study of loads, life and reliability and reliability relationship for various mechanical components. Techniques of the mechanical design process, computer aided design methods, design for mass production and batch production.
Fuel Cell Technology
Introduction of fuel cell technology, principle, types and operation of fuel cells, alkaline, proton exchange membrane, phosphoric acid, molten carbonate, solid oxide, and direct methanol fuel cells), configuration of individual cells, stack and fuel cell system.. Thermodynamics of fuel cells. electrochemical kinetics, transport-related phenomena and conservation equations for reacting multi-component systems. Fuel cell system design, optimization and economics. Fuel cell performance modeling. Challenges of fuel cell commercialization
Introduction. Stress and strain analysis. True stress and true strain. Yield criteria for ductile metals. Stress-strain relations for elastic and plastic
ranges. Strain hardening hypothesis. Behavior after necking. Plastic instability. Strain rate and temperature. Elastoplastic bending and torsion. Ideal work for plastic deformation. Slab analysis. Upper bound analysis. Plane strain frictionless extrusion. Plane strain indentation. Slipline field theory and its application.
Fatigue of Metals and Structures
Nature of fatigue failure, crack nucleation and crack propagation. Fatigue testing machines. High cycle fatigue. The SNP curves and factors affecting SNP curves. The influence of non-zero mean stresses. Multiaxial fatigue stresses and fatigue failure theories. Commutative fat/gue damage and life prediction. Low cycle fatigue. The strain-life curve and low cycle fatigue relationships. Commutative damage in low cycle fatigue. Fatigue stress concentration factors for elastic and plastic ranges.
Deformation and Failure of Materials
Elastic and plastic deformation, yield, dislocation theory, Strengthening mechanism in steeel, environmental effects on material, Oxidation resistance in materials. Creep mechanism, creep resistant steel. Failure in structural materials, Failure at low temperature, tempered embitterment, failure at high temperature service.
Mechanics of Composite Materials
Introduction to composite materials, classification and characteristics of composite materials, mechanical behavior of composite materials, macro-mechanical behavior of a lamina, Stress Strain relation for anisotropic materials, Engineering constants for orthotropic materials, Stress strain relations for plane stress in orthotopics materials. Invariant properties of an orthotopics lamina, Strength of orthotopic lamins Biaxial strength theories for an orthotopics lamina, Biaxial strength theories for an orthotopics lamina. Micromechanical behavior of a lamina, Micromechanical behavior of a laminate. Classical lamination theory, special cases of laminate stiffness, strength of laminates. Entertainer stresses. Design of laminates. Bending, buckling and vibration of laminate plate.
Behavior of Materials under Impact Loading
Stress waves: Propagation of elastic waves in continuum. Wave Reflections and interaction. Solution of wave equation by method of characteristics. Experimental techniques, diagnostic tools: Laser interferometry, rotating cameras. Experimental techniques for impact loading hopkinsion bar, kolsky bar, fracture Bar, gas gun. Material behavior under high strain rates: Steel, Aluminum alloys, MMCs, Plastics. Dynamic Fracture: Fracture Mechanics, Limiting Crack Speed. Crack Branching. Stress wave loading of cracks. Spalling. Fragmentation. Dynamic fracture of steels, Aluminum alloys, Plastics. Applications: introduction. Shaped charges and projectiles. Penetration. Armor. Dynamic Effects in Geological Materials. Dynamic Events in Space.
3D modeling, Assembly and drawing, using Pro-E. Use of 3D models in conceptual Design & Iterations. Project based assignments. Modeling physical phenomenon and mathematical equations using MATLIB. Matrix analysis, Numerical visualization. Building of Graphical user interface. Data analysis.
Condition Monitoring of Rotating Machinery
Introduction to basic concepts of machine condition monitoring, conditions based maintenance techniques in industry, predictive analysis, diagnostic analysis, Major benefits of a conditions monitoring program. Practical machine condition monitoring systems in industry, vibration monitoring wear debris monitoring, temperature monitoring, noise monitoring, performance monitoring, data accusation methods, Data analysis techniques, Data interpretations and diagl1liStics, Instrumentation required. Computer aided machine condition monitoring, Use of rotor dynamic simulation as an aid to fault diagnostics, Intelligent knowledge based expert systems for continuous machine surveillance in advanced condition monitoring. Selection and installation of a Machine condition monitoring system, Analysis of the problem measurable parameters, System requirement, Economic considerations in the selection and installation of a machine condition monitoring system, case studies.
Mechanics of Micro Structure
Review of Fe-Fe3C and heat treatment. Processes. Isothermal transformation (II), Continuous cooling transformation diagram (CCT), Effect of allowing elements on the IT and CCT diagram. Nucleation and growth mechanism of pearlite. Nucleation of austenite. Bainite ferrite and martensite Grains. Grain Boundary carbides, Growth of dislocations. Principles of dispersion strengthening phase diagrams containing three phase Re- actors, Eutectic and hyper eutectic alloys. Strength of eutectic alloys. Ternary phase diagrams, isothermal plot isopleths plot. Effect of microstructure in controlling the mechanical prosperities of engineering materials. Case studies of various strengthening including grain boundary carbide thickness, solid solution.
Financial Statement analysis, funds analysis, Cash flow analysis, Cash budget, Working capital management, Cash & Marketable securities management, Accounts receivable and inventory management, Short term financing, Capital budging and estimation cash flows, Capital budgeting techniques, Risk and managerial option in capital budgeting, requirement return and cost of capital, Operating and financial leverage, Capital structure determination, Dividend policy, Intermediate and long term financing.
Human Resource Management
Human Resource in a globally competitive business environment, Human resource management (A field of Transitions), Diversity at work, Job analysis and human resource planning, Recruiting, Staffing, Orienting and Training, Appraising Employee performance, Managing careers, Pay system, Indirect compensation: Employee Benefit Plans, Motivational Strategies for improving performance and productivity, Union representation and collective bargaining.
Optimization of Engineering Systems
Introduction to optimization with reference to engineering design operation research and management problems. Optimization problem formulation. Including examples from engineering design, operation research and management. Standard from of optimization problems, identification of objective function, design variables and constant.
Introduction to classification of optimization problems, solution of problems. Introduction to economic analysis. Familiarization to mathematical / math packages. Graphical solutions of optimum problems. Unconstrained / Constrained optimum problems with analytical techniques. Kuh-Tucker Conditions. Linear programming applications for design. Sensitivity analysis with application to engineering design. Nonlinear design optimum problems and their solutions with numerical techniques. Case studies with application of optimum techniques to machine components. Driveshaft. Vehicle brakes. Heat exchanger and steam condensers. Design using experimental data.
Modeling and Automation
Basic concept of real time modeling and simulation of dynamic systems. Classification of dynamic systems. Element of Bond graph modeling and simulation. Multiport systems and bond graphs. Basic component models. System Models and Automated Computer Simulation. State space modeling and simulation.
Nature and sources of air pollution, chemical and biological aspects, effects on health and environment. Physical aspects of the atmosphere, thermodynamics, vertical variation of wind and temperature, stability, convection, atmospheric turbulence, diffusion equations, plumes, thermals, jets in stratified flow, radioactive plumes, micrometeorological instrumentation, air pollution control techniques and equipment monitoring instrumentation
Non Metallic and Composite Materials
This course is intended to provide an advanced treatment of the structure, properties and processing of non-metallic and composite materials based on polymers, metals and ceramics. The structure and properties of polymers and ceramics in bulk form and as matrices and reinforcements in composites will be covered. Processing methods for non-metallics and composites (example extrusion, injection molding etc.) will be considered. The geometrical arrangement of fibres within laminae and their influences on elastic and strength properties of composites will be described based on suitable micromechanical models. The role of the matrix and fibre/matrix interface in determining composite properties will be described
Combustion thermodynamics, introduction to chemical kinetics of combustion, combustion properties of fuels, flammability of combustible mixtures. Flame propagation mechanisms, pre-mixed and diffusional; stability of flames; introduction to combustion aerodynamics, jet flames; atomization; droplet and spray combustion. Elementary ignition concepts and theory. Basic detonation theory
Review of aerodynamics. Kinematics and dynamics of inviscid flow; airfoil dynamics including thin airfoil theory, finite wings, panel methods and airfoil parameters. Boundary layer theory and boundary layer control as applied in aerodynamics. Introduction to high speed aerodynamics. Introduction to dynamics of flight including stability and control
Recommendations for B.E / B.Sc Program in Mechanical Engineering
1. After going through an exhaustive three-day exercise, the National Curriculum Revision Committee (NCRC) has finalized a set of revised curriculum of Mechanical Engineering to help the various universities throughout the country in maintaining international level of standard. All the recommendations received by the committee were thoroughly discussed and incorporated accordingly. It is general consensus that in order to implement the newly finalized curricula effectively, the following requirements are mandatory: (i) The universities be properly equipped with adequate experimental facilities (ii) The status of faculty should also be assessed to maintain a reasonable teacher/ student ratio (iii) It is felt necessary to provide Teaching Assistants (TA) to the instructors. (iv) A system of teacher’s training should also be introduced into the system. (v) It is felt that a feedback of the universities be made available to the Curriculum Revision Committee at the time of next Revision to help it in assessing the effectiveness of its recommendation. 2. The Committee strongly feels that the matter of internship be taken up on top priority. A guided and controlled system of training is felt mandatory. A minimum of six-week training be administered during the vacations between third and fourth year of studies. A comprehensive report should be submitted after the completion of training for evaluation and the students are given credit accordingly. Moreover, a reasonable budgeted amount be paid to trainees to cover the traveling and other expenses through internship stipend (not less than Rs.6000/ month per student). 3. A sample semester/term wise distribution of courses is given in Annexure-A. Choice of distribution of the courses is left to individual institutions depending upon their local facilities. Some courses are split up and offered as part-I and part-II. The departments may, depending on their teaching methods merge/split them, provided all course contents are covered. The suggested titles of the courses can be changed provided the contents of the courses are the same.
The committee emphasized the use of computer software / programs, provided by HEC, in all the related courses. However it was felt that majority of the departments are not equipped with appropriate branded computers to run these computing intensive programs. The non-branded machines currently available are not reliable enough to be used for these programs. The departments of Mechanical Engineering require additional software over and above already provided. It is therefore strongly recommended that HEC should take a lead to facilitate mechanical engineering departments in acquiring the requisite brand of computer equipment. A computer Lab. of 40 such computers would cost approximately Rs. 3 million. The acquisition of up-to-date software is a continuous process and additionally required software should be procured in line with the exercise already carried out.
Recommendations for Postgraduate Program in Mechanical Engineering
After sessions of in-depth discussions the National Curriculum Revision Committee (NCRC) has proposed syllabi of Master’s Program in Mechanical Engineering. It is highlighted that the Masters Program in Mechanical Engineering includes the curriculum of Master Program in Manufacturing Engineering which is being offered as a separate program by Mechanical Engineering department of various universities.
1. Salient features of the program:
a) The program is of minimum 30 credit hours with the following breakup: i. Eight courses of twenty four (24) credit hours ii. Thesis research of Six (6) credits b) Every subject course is of three credit hours c) Eight courses of 24 credits are split as i. One compulsory mathematics course 3 credits ii. Three core subjects, to be selected form core courses of sub-specialties – 9 credits iii. Four additional courses to be selected from the list of courses - 12 credits d) The Master’s Program is of minimum 18 months duration comprising 3 semesters e) The recommended Master’s Program contains sub-specialties of Mechanical Engineering currently offered by the universities. Any addition to the program by a university will be reviewed in next NCRC meeting. f) The suggested titles of the courses are not mandatory and can be changed provided the contents of the courses are the same. g) The committee recommended that the department may allow student to choose a relevant elective subject from another specialty / department subject to recommendation of the student advisor for M.Sc. Program. h) Individual university may add additional courses depending on its specific needs.
2. It is recommended that the HEC should provide exclusive funding for the development/updating of post graduate laboratories to encourage R&D activities at post graduate level. 3. The Committee strongly recommends that the Masters Program syllabus is the first draft prepared during this meeting and requires feed back from the universities and academic experts. It is therefore recommended that another meeting should be held to finalize the Masters Program after receiving feed back.
The representative of NED University could not participate in the discussions of Masters Curriculum as per directives from the university.
Annex "A" ENGLISH-I Functional English
To enhance language skills and develop critical thinking
Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure, Active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase, clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling
Answers to questions on a given text
General topics and every day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students)
To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers)
Urdu to English
Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher
Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building
Recommended books: 1.
Grammar 1. Practical English Grammar by A.J. Thomson and A.V. Martinet. Exercises 1. Third edition. Oxford University Press. 1997. ISBN 0194313492 2. Practical English Grammar by A.J. Thomson and A.V. Martinet. Exercises 2. Third edition. Oxford University Press. 1997. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. Writing. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin, Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Reading/Comprehension 1. Reading. Upper Intermediate. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Speaking
Technical writing and presentation skills
To enhance language skills and develop critical thinking
Presentation skills Essay writing
Descriptive, narrative, discursive, argumentative
How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style, content, language, form, clarity, consistency)
Technical Report writing Progress report writing
Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building
a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. Writing. Advanced by Ron White. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive, descriptive, argumentative and report writing). 2. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. 2004. 3. Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. Kirszner and Stephen R. Mandell. St. Martin’s Press.
Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader. A Custom Publication. Compiled by norther Illinois University. General Editiors: Janice Neulib; Kathleen Shine Cain; Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature, without taxing the taste of engineering students).
To enable the students to meet their real life communication needs
Practice in writing a good, unified and coherent paragraph
CV and job application Translation skills
Urdu to English
Skimming and scanning, intensive and extensive, and speed reading, summary and précis writing and comprehension
Letter / memo writing and minutes of the meeting, use of library and internet recourses
Personality development (emphasis on content, style and pronunciation) Note: Documentaries to be shown for discussion and review
Grammar 1. Practical English Grammar by A.J. Thomson and A.V. Martinet. Exercises 2. Third edition. Oxford University Press 1986. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Writing 1. Writing. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin, Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1993. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). 2. Writing. Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Fourth Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos, introduction to presentations, descriptive and argumentative writing). Reading 1. Reading. Advanced. Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1991. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. 2. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky.
Annexure-B ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory)
This course is aimed at: 1. To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2. To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3. To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4. To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.
Contents: INTRODUCTION TO QURANIC STUDIES
1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran
STUDY OF SELLECTED TEXT OF HOLLY QURAN
1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154)
STUDY OF SELLECTED TEXT OF HOLLY QURAN
1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.6,21,40,56,57,58.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18,19,20) Related to thinking, Day of Judgment
3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar,Tadabar (Verse No1,14)
SEERAT OF HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W) I
1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah
SEERAT OF HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W) II
1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina
INTRODUCTION TO SUNNAH
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom –ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah
SELLECTED STUDY FROM TEXT OF HADITH INTRODUCTION TO ISLAMIC LAW & JURISPRUDENCE
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism
ISLAMIC CULTURE & CIVILIZATION
1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues
ISLAM & SCIENCE
1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science
ISLAMIC ECONOMIC SYSTEM
1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce
POLITICAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM
1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. in Islam
1) Period of Khlaft-e-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids
SOCIAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM
1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 3) Ethical Values of Islam
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Emergence of Islam” , IRI, Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad, “Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad, ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi,” Hussain Hamid Hassan, “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad, Pakistan. Ahmad Hasan, “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research
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7) 8) 9)
Institute, International Islamic University, Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah, “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H.S. Bhatia, “Studies in Islamic Law, Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad (2001)
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Annexure-C PAKISTAN STUDIES Introduction / Objectives Objectives
• • To develop vision of Historical Perspective, Government, Politics, Contemporary Pakistan, ideological background of Pakistan. To study the process of governance, national development, issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan.
1. Historical Perspective
a. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. b. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. People and Land i. Indus Civilization ii. Muslim advent iii. Location and Geo-Physical features.
2. Government and Politics in Pakistan
Political and constitutional phases: a. 1947-58 b. 1958-71 c. 1971-77 d. 1977-88 e. 1988-99 f. 1999 onward
3. Contemporary Pakistan
a. b. c. d. Economic institutions and issues Society and social structure Ethnicity Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
Futuristic outlook of Pakistan
Burki, Shahid Javed. State & Society in Pakistan, The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Akbar, S. Zaidi. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2000. S.M. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1993. Mehmood, Safdar. Pakistan Political Roots & Development.Lahore, 1994. Wilcox, Wayne.The Emergence of Banglades., Washington: American Enterprise, Institute of Public Policy Research, 1972. Mehmood, Safdar. Pakistan Kayyun Toota, Lahore: Idara-eSaqafat-e-Islamia, Club Road, nd. Amin, Tahir. Ethno - National Movement in Pakistan, Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies, Islamabad. Ziring, Lawrence. Enigma of Political Development. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd, 1980. Zahid, Ansar. History & Culture of Sindh. Karachi: Royal Book Company, 1980. Afzal, M. Rafique. Political Parties in Pakistan, Vol. I, II & III. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research, 1998. Sayeed, Khalid Bin. The Political System of Pakistan. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1967. Aziz, K.K. Party, Politics in Pakistan, Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research, 1976. Muhammad Waseem, Pakistan Under Martial Law, Lahore: Vanguard, 1987. Haq, Noor ul. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research, 1993.
11. 12. 13. 14.
Annexure –D SOCIAL SCIENCES COURSES AND MANAGEMENT
Note: Universities may select courses from the following list according to their available faculty and facilities.
To introduce anthropological concepts and research techniques for promoting participation of major groups in environmental management
• • • • • • •
Introduction to cultural anthropology and its relationship with other social sciences Cultural and political organization and resolution of conflicts Anthropological research methods with special reference to participant observation Participatory management: a new paradigm, concepts and philosophy, historical perspectives; models of participatory management in South Asia; Participatory approaches to environment and development; A model for urban development “orangi pilot project”; a case study Participation of major groups: women, youth and others in the management of various types of ecosystems
1. Chambers R, 1997. Whose Reality Count Putting the First Last, I ntermediate Technology Publications. 2. Shepherd A, 1998. Sustainable Rural Development, St. Martin Press, Inc. 3. Adamson, Hoebel and Everett L., Frost, 1979, Cultural and Social Anthropology, McGraw Hill, 4. Burkey, S, 1993, People First, A guide to self-reliant participatory rural development, Zed Books, London & New York, 5. Dr. Khan M I, Tahir B A, Amir S, and Akhtar N, 2004. Towards Participatory Management, Allama Iqbal Open University.36 Curriculum Division .
SOCIOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT Objectives:
The main objective of this course is to apprise potential engineers about social factors that contribute towards enhancing their professional performance for the good of society and the country. This course is culture specific and has to be taught within the context of local and national socio-economic environment. The engineers are expected to supervise several people in different capacities and their understanding about human behaviour is critical for their optimum performance. Modification of human behaviour or getting work done from subordinates and seniors remain a major challenge for all the professional engineers. This course will enhance understanding about the determinants of human behaviour, which ultimately will result in improved individual efficiency.
1. Introduction to Sociology
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is sociology? Nature, Scope, and Importance of Sociology Social Interactions Social Groups Social Institutions
2. Culture and Related Concepts
2.1 Definition of Culture 2.2 Types of Culture 2.3 Elements of Culture 2.4 Role of Culture in Organization 2.5 Socialization and Personality
3. Interpersonal Relations
3.1 Interpersonal Behaviour 3.2 Formation of Personal Attitudes 3.3 Language and Communication 3.4 Motivations and Emotions 3.5 Public Opinion
4. Social Stratification
4.1 Factors of Social Stratification 4.2 Caste and class 4.3 Power, Prestige, and Authority 4.4 Social Mobility 4.5 Migration
5. Human Ecology
5.1 Ecological Processes 5.2 Ecosystem and energy 5.3 Ecosystem and Physical Environment 5.4 Solid Waste Disposal 5.5 Pollution
6. Population Dynamics
6.1 World Population Growth and Distribution 6.2 Population Dynamics in Pakistan 6.3 Causes and Consequences of Urbanization 6.4 Population Policy in Pakistan 6.5 Population and Development
7. Community Development
7.1 Meaning, Scope, and Subject Matter of Community Development 7.2 Processes of Community Development 7.3 Community Development Programs in Pakistan 7.4 Community Organization and Related Services 7.5 Cooperation and Conflict in Community Development
8. Deviance and Crime
8.1 Crime as a Social and Cultural Phenomenon 8.2 Crime and Social Organization 8.3 Organized Crime 8.4 Culture Based Crime 8.5 Economics of Crime
9. Sociology of Change and Development
9.1 What is Social Change and Development? 9.2 Dynamics of Social Change 9.3 Role of NGOs in Development 9.4 World System and Development 9.5 Gender and Development
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Allport, G. W. (1985). The Historical Background of Modern Social Psychology. New York, Random House. Bernard, A. and T. Burgess (2004). Sociology, Cambridge University Press. DuBrin, A. J. (2007). Human Relations: Interpersonal Job Oriented Skills. New York, Prentice Hall. Gardezi, H. N., Ed. (1991). Understanding Pakistan: The Colonial Factor in Societal Development. Lahore, Maktaba Fikr-o-Danish. Hafeez, S. (1991). Changing Pakistan Society. Karachi, Royal Book Company. Gardezi, H. N., Ed. (1991).
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6. 7. 8. 9.
11. 12. 13.
Jones, G. W. (2005). "Why are Population and Development Issues not Given Priority?" Asia-Pasific Population Journal 20(1). Macionis, J. J. (1999). Sociology 7th Edition, National Book Foundation, Islamabad Maser, C. (1997). Sustainable Community Development: Principles and Concepts. Plorida St. Lucie Press. Nelson, N. and S. Wright (1995). Power and Participatory Development: Theory and Practice. London, Intermediate Technology Publications. Syed, S. H. (2003). The State of Migration and Multiculturalism in Pakistan: The Need for Policy and Strategy. Islamabad, UNESCO: 1-30. Utton, A. E. (1976). Human Ecology, West View Press. Webster, A. (1990). Introduction to Sociology of Development. London, Nacmillan Education Ltd. Weiss, A. M. (2001). Power and civil society in Pakistan, Oxford University press.
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UNDERSTANDING PSYCHOLOGY AND HUMAN BEHAVIOUR Contents:
What is Psychology? Nature, Scope and Application with Special Reference to Pakistan Different Schools of Psychology Methods of Psychology Learning Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence Personality and its Assessment Understanding Maladjustive Behaviour Positive Emotional States and Processes Stress Management and Anger Management
1. Atkinson R.C., & Smith E.E. (2000), Introduction to Psychology (13th ed.), Harcourt Brace College Publishers. 2. Fernald, L.D., & Fernald, P.S. (2005), Introduction to Psychology, USA: WMC Brown Publishers. 3. Hergenhahn, B.R. (2001). An Introduction to the History of Psychology, New York: Wadsworth.
4. Goodwin, C.J, (2000) Research in Psychology: Methods and Design, (3rd ed.), New York: John Wiley & Sons. 5. Synder, C.R., & Lopez, S.J. (2007) Positive Psychology, USA, Sage Publications. 6. Allen, B.P. (1997), Personality Theories: Development, Growth and Diversity, (2nd Ed.), Boston: Allyn & Bacon. 7. Cohen, R.J., & Swerdlik, M.E. (2005) Psychological Testing & Assessment (6th ed.), New York: McGraw-Hill. 8. Corcini, R., (2000). Current Psychotherapies. London: Thompson & Co Publishers. 9. Comer, R.J. (2004). Abnormal Psychology, USA: Freeman & Company. 10. Schwartz, B., Wassernman, E., & Robbins, S. (2002), Psychology of Learning and Behaviour, 5th Ed. Norton and Company.
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PROJECT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objective:
To learn about importance of planning and management of projects and its applications in environmental engineering
Introduction to project planning & management. Relationship of development with environment. Project planning and cost estimation:
Preparation of feasibility reports. Rough cost and detailed estimates for environmental engineering projects including preparation of bill of quantities (B.O.Q). Scheduled and non-scheduled rates. Analysis of rates.
Project approval processes in Pakistan Introduction to contracting and tendering.
Critical path method (CPM). Principle and use of CPM in environmental projects. Manual versus computer analysis of critical path methods,
Project Planning, Scheduling and Controlling: Scheduling resources, Delivering Materials, Scheduling manpower; Financing the project, Job layout, Project control during construction, keeping equipment records, Project supervision. Construction Cost Control, Cost Control records. Use of computer software in project management. Introduction to claims and conflict resolution: escalation, indexation, arbitration and litigation.
Recommended Books: (Latest edition where possible)
1. A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, Third Edition (PMBOK Guides) by Project Management Institute. 2. Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling, and Controlling by Harold, Ph.D. Kerzner 3. Fundamentals of Technology Project Management by Colleen Garton 4. Project Management Case Studies by Harold, Ph.D. Kerzner 5. The Art of Project Management (Theory in Practice (O'Reilly)) by Scott Berkun.
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