# 2.2.

2 PROBABILITY SAMPLING
Probability sampling is a sampling technique where in each member or element of the population ha s an equal chance of being selected as members of the sample. It is important that in this sampling, we need to have a complete list of the members of the population. In addition, probability sampling is sampling without bias because selection of members of the sample is not predetermined.

2.2.2.4 CLUSTER SAMPLING
There are instances that the population is so large that using simple random sampling will make it so difficult for us. So, we can use the cluster sampling. Cluster sampling is sampling wherein groups or clusters instead of individuals are randomly chosen. Cluster sampling is sometimes called area sampling because this is usually applied when the population is large. Example: Suppose we wanted to know the average grade of the students of the students in Capiz. Let us assume that there are 150 schools in Capiz. We can draw a random sample of 20 schools using simple random sampling, either by using Lottery Method or Table of Random Numbers. And then, a certain number of sections from each of the 20 schools may be chosen. Then we can randomly choose a number of students from each section.

2.2.2.5 MULTI-STAGE SAMPLING
Multi-stage sampling is a combination of several sampling techniques that was discussed earlier. Usually, this method is used by researchers who are interested in studying a very large population. This is done by starting the selection of the members of the sample using cluster sampling and then dividing each cluster into strata. And then, from each sratum, individuals are drawn randomly using sample random sampling. Example: Suppose a camp is to be held in Ilo-ilo City. The school will be giving a chance to 15 students to participate for free. First, we will use the cluster sampling to choose 15 sections. Then from each section, we can choose a student who will get a chance to join for free using the Lottery Method or Table of Random Numbers.

Reporter: Monica Marie B. Gallardo