BYLAWS OF ATHEISTS OF FLORIDA, INC. ARTICLE I NAME The name of this organization The specific purposes is: ATHEISTS OF FLORIDA, INC. II PURPOSES is organized are:

for which the corporation

1. To promote freedom of thought and expression. 2. To advocate, promote and defend in all lawful ways the complete and absolute separation of state and church as the First Amendment to the united states Constitution mandates. 3. To protect the constitutional members of a free and democratic and civil rights of Atheists society. as

4. To promote the following concepts: A. Because human beings, along with all other species of animal and plants, evolved from a primordial cell, Homo sapien is only a link in the chain of living matter . B. Because Homo Sapiens is the species with the most advanced brain and the most manipulative hands, and because we have developed excessively destructive weapons (nuclear and others), we are solely responsible for the well-being of our own species and to a great extent the rest of the life on planet Earth. C. Global population control is vital, and the extinction living animal and plant species must be avoided. D. cooperation and equality--not encouraged an~ promoted.
E. Because


of other

conflict -- among all peoples must be

all hUmans have a common origin, and because the classification of peoples by races and ethnic groups is divisive and detrimental to our species and to life itself, all inhabitants on planet Earth be called 11 Homo sapiens ", and the current national names to denote the geographical origin of peoples and their distinctive cultures. 5. To perceive the believers of any faith, as the product of unfounded dogmas toward whom sympathy and understanding must be extended. 6. To educate the general public on Atheist goals and objectives. 7. To promote Atheism as the philosophy which accepts only what can be verified by the scientific method and rejects supernatural entities, acceptable only as articles of faith.
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ARTICLE The organization's


motto shall be: " E PLURIBUS UNUM "

Our logo ( symbol)

shall be:




The manner in which the directors are elected is as follows: ultimate authority resides in the Members. The Members elect the Directors~ The D1rectors elect the Officers. The officers manage prudential affairs of the organization according with the articles incorporation and these bylaws. ARTICLE

the of



section 1. General. Membership in the organization shall be open to all persons and organizations adherent to the purposes of Article II of these Bylaws. Types of membership shall be: Individual, couple, student, Limited income, Life, Organization and Honorary. Dues shall be set by the Board of Directors, and are to be paid annually. Life members shall pay dues only once in an amount set by the Board. Honorary members pay no dues. Life and Honorary members are for 11fe unless terminated for cause, as specified hereafter. Section 2. Individual Membership. Individual m~mbership shall be available to all persons adherent to Article II, and entitled to one vote. Section 3. Couple Membership. Couple membership shall be available to - two persons sharing the same mail address. Each person shall have one vote; two (2) mail ballots shall be sent, but only one copy of other organization mailings. Section 4. Student Membership. Student membership shall be open to any student enrolled in an institution, is less than 25 years old and is adherent to the purposes of Article II of this organization. Section 5. Limited income Membership. Limited income membership shall be available to a person who is living on a limited income. Section 6. Life Membership. Life membership can be conferred on any person who meets the dues set by the Board for life membership, and is adherent to the purposes of Article II of these Bylaws. - 2-





Honorary membership may be conferred on a person who has been nominated by a member and approved by two-thirds of the Directors voting, after having met one or more of the following conditions: a. openly declared his/her Atheism through the media. b. Has made a distinctive contribution to Atheism. c. Has acted in support of one or more of the purposes of Article of these Bylaws. Honorary members have the same rights and responsibilities as indivIdual members, but they pay no dues. Section 8. Organization Membership.


Membership of organizations such as Libraries, Associations, corporations, shall be available upon paymen~of dues and approval by the Board. Dues shall be higher than a couple and set by the Board. Organizations may not vote 6r be on the Board. Only one copi of the organizations malling shall be sent. section 9" Conditions of Membership.

Application for membership shall be made in writing, submitting name, address, and correct amount of dues. The Board may refuse an application, in which case the President must notify the applicant within 30 days, stating why the application was turned down. Membership terminates when a member fails to pay dues, resigns, dies, or is expelled. . Any member - including Life or Honorary- may be expelled for seriously obstructing the organization's business, misappropriating the organization's name or funds or acting ina way that discredits the organization. The expulsion procedure consists of 5 steps: step 1. A formal expulsion proposal shall be presented in writing to the Board by any member. step 2. The Board shall examine the evidence. if a majority of the Board Members- voting decides, either by mail ballot or at a meeting, that the expulsion may be appropriate, the matter will be submitted to, and decided by, the members. This shall be done by mail, or at an Annual Meeting if one is scheduled within 2 months. If it is to be done by Mail: step 3. The case against the member shall be presented in the next newsletter or by a special mailing. Step 4. in the following newsletter, or in a second special mailing, the accused member shall present a defense against the charge. A ballot shall be included in the second newsletter or second special mailing, so that members can vote on whether to expel. If the expulsion process takes place at an Annual Meeting: step 5. The equivalent of steps 3 & 4 shall be followed, that is, the case against the member shall be presented, after which the accused shall present his defence: and then the members present shall vote on whether to expel. The president shall notify the accused member as soon as the result of the vote is known.


ARTICLE VI section 1. Responsibilities


The Board of Directors shall be responsible for the organization1 affairs and policy, and shall elect the officers. The Board shall be subject to the Articles of incorporation, to these Bylaws and to the Bylaws of the Board of Directors of Atheists of Florida, Inc. section 2. Constitution. The Board shall consist of not less than six (6) nor more than 24 members. The officers are ex-officio Members of the Board. Elected and ex-officio Board Members shall have the same rights and sesponsibilities. Members may nominate candidates for the Board, or volunteer to be nominated as candidates. Directors are elected to 3-year term. Directors .may be reelected. ARTICLE VII. OFFICERS section 1. General The organization shall have the following officers: President, VicePresident, Treasurer, and Secretary. There may also be other VicePresidents whose "du t i.e shall be specified by the Board. officers s shall be at least 18 years old and shall have been members for at least one year. They shall be elected by a majority of the Directors present and voting at the Board1s Annual Meeting. An officer1s term of office last until the next election of officers, the following year. No one shall hold more than one Office at a time, except that the same person shall be Secretary of the Organization and Secretary of the Board. An Officer may be removed or suspended by a majority of the Board members voting. An Officer may resign by notifying the Chairperson of the Board in writing. if an Office becomes vacant, the Board shall elect a successor to fill the unexpired term. Section 2. The President. The President shall be the Chief Executive Officer, coordinating the work of other officers and committees. other officers and Committee chairpersons shall consult the President about their activities, and submit a written report on their activities to him/her one month before the annual Meeting, with a copy to the chairperson. The President shall promptly inform the Chairperson of any major decisions. After the Board has selected the site and time of the next Annual Meeting, or of a special Meeting, the President shall be responsible for making all meeting arrangements, including compiling the Meeting's agenda. The President shall chair the Meeting. The President shall report regularly, through the organization's newsletter. -4-


Stction 3. The Vice-President. _ e vice -President becomes President if the President's office becomes vacant; and assumes the office temporarily if the vacancy temporary. The Vice-President shall assist the President as requested. section 4. The Secretary The Secretary shall: (I) record the minutes of the Organization and Board meetings; (2) handle the organization and Board correspondence; (3) maintain a permanent file of the Organization and Board Bylaws and other corporate documents, including minutes of the organization and Board meetings, Officers and Committee Chairperson's reports, newsletters, correspondence; (4) maintain a permanent record of the Organization and Board decision, rules, motions made and carried; (5) have custody of the Organization's corporate seal. section 5. The Treasurer. The Treasurer safeguard the approval; (4) quarterly and newsletter. shall: (1) Keep records of money received and spent; (2) Organization's funds; (3) invest funds, with Board submit an annual budget to the Board; ~5) submit annual reports, for publication in the Organization's


section 6. Other Vice-Presidents. The office of uVice-presideritj .... " may be created and filled by the Board. There is no connection between this Office and that of the Vice-President. ARTICLE VIII. LOCAL COMMITTEESsection 1. General. CHAPTERS

Local committees, hereinafter be referred as "Chapter" can be formed by at least Ten (10) members of the organization in good standing, before chapter status can be granted. Each chapter shall operate under the provisions of these Bylaws. Should any question of interpretation arise as to any chapter officer or any chapter 3xecutive Board action or program, a final decision as to the validity the proposal or act shall be determined by the organization's Board Birectors.

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2. Name. by its geographical location and shall local governmental offices as required


~ apter shall be identified e ~eqistered with applicable
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3. Chapter executive


~ ~~pter shall have an Executive Board composed of the officers of apter: Chapter-Director, Vice-Director, S~cretary, and ~~~2surer. The Chapter Board shall be subject to the Articles of _-_=~=poration of Atheists of Florida, and to these Bylaws. The er Director shall consult with the President about their ~=~~-?ities, and describe them in a written report to the President one ~--~h before the Annual Meeting, with a copy to the Chairperson.

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ARTICLE ~=ction 1. Annual Meeting.


~·e Organization shall hold an Annual Meeting, at a time and site ~etermined by the Board and in time to give the members at least two ) months's notice of meeting. Any member may propose agenda items, writing, to the president, in advance of the Meeting. At Meetings, ~Lems may be added to the agenda with approval of the majority of the embers present.


2. Special Meetings.


Any member may write to the chairperson requesting a special meeting, claiming that an emergency exists requiring immediate action. The Chairperson shall present the request to the Board. If the request merits con s i de r'at.Lon the Board shall decide, within three (3) weeks, , by mail ballot, whether, when and where to'hold a special meeting. The special meeting shall be held no later than six (6) weeks after the Chairperson's inatial receipt of the request. the Chairperson shall announce the special meeting to all members by letter, as soon as possible. A quorum shall consist of the members present. Section 3. Board of Directors Meeting.

The Board shall hold its Annual Meeting during the organization's Annual Meeting and at the same site. The Board may also hold special Meetings, in accordance with its own Bylaws. Board Meetings shall be open to the organization's members. ARTICLE Section 1. Newsletter. a newsletter at regular intervals. X. PUBLICATIONS

The organization shall publish section 2. other publications. The organization may authorize

other publications.


ARTICLE Section 1. General,


All members, other than organization Members, shall be entitled to vote. All votes s a: _ave equal value. Members may vote by proxy. In contests of re r.aan 2.candidates or choices, a plurality shall be sufficient. section

shall be sent to all eligible members The deadline for the ~B~ =: ~a:~ots shall be not less than three (3) weeks from the date ;:::__~ __ _Gl.iled by first class mail. Mail ballots shall be tallied ~_ ~~ =::--'ons Committee, and verified by the secretary. Ballots ardis voting by mail shall be tallied by the Chairman, and :--= - y the Secretary; the Chairman may designate a substitute secretary.




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b;l! Mail. ail. Ballots

-e' sletter or by special mailing.

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ARTICLE section 1. Voting




to Amend at a Meeting. Meeting by a majority

These Bylaws may be amended at an organization vote of those members present and voting. Section 2. ~oting to Amend by Mail.

These Bylaws may also be amended by mail ballot. The proposed changes, with supporting arguments, will appear in the newsletter or a special mailing. -in the following newsletter or second special mailing, other views, including opposing views, will appear, along with a mail ballot. To pass, the Amendment must be approved by a majority of the ballots cast.






-==e Board of Directors ( also referred to as "the Board") as these responsibilities: (1) to set policy for the organiZation's affairs, and (2) to elect Officers of the organization and of the Board. The Board shall be governed by the organization's Articles of Incorporation, th~se Bylaws, and the organization's Bylaws. ARTICLE II. MEMBERSHIP Membership shall be in pccord organization's Bylaws. ARTICLE Section 1. The Chairperson with Article V of the OFFICERS




of the Board

The chairperson shall be elected by a majority of the Directors present and voting at the Board's Annual Meeting. The Chairperson's term' of office shall start as soon as elected, and shall run till the next election, at the Ann~al Board Meeting the following year. The Chairperson may be reelected. The Chairperson presides at Board Meetings, and rules on procedure. , If the chairperson is absent, the Directors may elect an Acting Chairperson. If the office of the Chairperson is vacant the Directors shall elect a new Chairperson as soon as possible, at an Annual or special Meeting or by mail ballot. The votes shall be tallied by the Acting Chairperson and verified by the Secretary. The chairperson may be re oved from office by a majority of Directors present and voting at a meeting, with the secretary presiding. section 2. The Secretary.

The Secretary shall be elected by a majority of the Directors present and voting at the Board's Annual Meeting. The Secretary's term shall start as soon as elected, and shall run till the next election, at the Annual Board Meeting the following year. The Secretary may be reelected. the secretary of the Board and the secretary of the Organization shall be the same person. If the Secretary is absent from a Meeting, the Chairperson shall appoint an Acting Secretary.

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voting shall be in accord with Article XI of the organization's Bylaws, ,except as follows: The chairperson's vote counts as one except in a tie, when it counts as two. ARTICLE V. COMMITTEES committees functions, section may be created by the Board, to perform Board and shall follow Board instructions. ARTICLE VI. MEETINGS

1. Annual Board Meeting. annually, at some time during the Meeting, and at the same site. may attend Board Meetings if space is Board Meetings.

The Board shall meet organizationts Annual Organization Members available. section 2. special

A special Boar~ Meeting shall be called by the chairperson when at least three Directors request it, stating the purpose. In choosing the time and site, the chairperson shall aim to accommodate the largest possible attendance by Directors. Section 3. Agenda. The Agenda for the Board Meeting shall be prepared by the Chairperson. Additions to the Agenda may be made by any Director, ~ith the concurrence of the Chairperson. section 4. Quorum. The quorum for any Board Meeting is three (3) Directors. ARTICLE VII. AMENDMENTS TO BOARD BYLAWS. Any Director may propose an amendment. At an Annual or Special Meeting, a majority vote of the Directors present and voting shall carry the proposed amendment. When an amendment is proposed to the Chairperson, in writing, between Meetings, the Chairperson shall decide whether to hold the proposal for the next meeting or put it to an earlier vote by mail. For voting by mail, the Chaiperson shall promptly notify the Directors by a special mailing of the proposed amendment, with supporting arguments, requesting opposing arguments by 30 days after the date of mailing. Thereafter, the Chairperson shall mail the opposing arguments, and a ballot to the Directors, with a voting deadline of 30 days after the date of mailing. The votes shall be tallied by the Chairperson, and verified by the Secretary, who shall notify the Directors of the outcome.



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