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Form A

Chem 1073 Exam III Fall 11

Name________________

1. Which of the following solutions would you expect the solute to be soluble in the solvent? Anthracene (C14H10) a) b) c) d) Water and benzene Anthracene and water Na2SO4 and benzene Anthracene and benzene

2. Which of the following is not true about solubility? a) b) c) d) As temperature increases so does solubility of solids in liquids. As pressure decreases so does the solubility of gases in liquids. Liquids are completely soluble in other liquids. Polar compounds dissolve into polar solvents

3. 259 g of ammonium chloride was dissolved in 321 mL of water. The mixture is: (solubility of ammonium nitrate: 150 g/100 mL) a) b) c) d) Homogeneous and saturated Homogeneous and unsaturated Heterogeneous and saturated Heterogeneous and unsaturated

4. The visible spectrum consists of electromagnetic radiation that we can see. These colors have the following wavelengths: red light 750 nm, yellow 560 nm, green 540 nm, and violet 400 nm. What is true about their energies? a) b) c) d) Red ≈ yellow ≈ green ≈ violet Red < yellow < green < violet Red > yellow > green > violet There is no energy associated with visible light

5. How much Na2SO4 is needed to make a 250 mL of a 1.75 M solution? (MW: 142.04 g/mol) a) b) c) d) 3.08 g 62.14 g 437.5 g 22.5 g

6. What volume of a 2.00 M solution of sulfuric acid is needed to react completely with 35.0 mL of a 3.00 M solution of NaOH? You must balance the equation!

H 2 SO4
a) b) c) d) 26.3 mL 11.7 mL 52.5 mL 23.3 mL

NaOH

Na2 SO4

H 2O

7. What is the Lewis dot structure for phosphorous? (b)

8. What is the most likely molecular formula for a compound that contains nitrogen and bromine? a) b) c) d) N2Br NBr2 N3Br NBr3

9. What volume of 6.00 M HCl is needed to react with 0.350 mol of CaCO3? CaCO3 2 HCl CaCl2 H 2O CO2 a) b) c) d) 177 mL 88.3 mL 117 mL 58.3 mL

10. What is the molarity if 42.0 g of KNO3 is dissolved in 750. mL of water? (MW: 101.10 g/mol) a) b) c) d) 1.81 M 0.554 M 0.494 M 2.02 M

11. Which of the following is correct? a) b) c) d) The larger the wavelength, the greater the energy. The smaller the wavelength, the greater the energy. The smaller the wavelength, the smaller the energy. It depends on the source of the electromagnetic radiation.

12. What is the electron configuration for F– ? (c) a) b) c) d)
1s 2 2 s 2 2 p 4 1s 2 2 s 2 2 p 5 1s 2 2 s 2 2 p 6
1s 2 2 s 2 2 p 6 3s1

13. If 250. mL of an 18.0 M sol of H2SO4 was diluted to 1.00 L, what is the new molarity? a) b) c) d) 0.222 M 4.50 M 26.7 M 9.00M

14. What volume of a 5 M solution of CH3COOH would contain 1.30 moles of CH3COOH? a) b) c) d) 1.67 L 0.260 L 2.86 L 0.340 L

15. Of the four elements listed below, which would have the greatest ionization energy? a) b) c) d) Cs Li F I

16. How many electrons can the p orbital hold? a) b) c) d) 2 6 10 14

17. What kind of bond is likely to form between iodine (EN = 2.6) and lithium (EN = 0.98)? a) ionic b) covalent

c) polar covalent d) pseudocovalent 18. What kind of bond is likely to form between carbon (EN = 2.5) and hydrogen (EN = 2.1)? a) b) c) d) ionic non-polar covalent polar covalent pseudocovalent

19. When polar covalent bonds are formed, and dipole exist between the adjacent atoms. A dipole is: a) b) c) d) electrostatic interactions between ions equal sharing of electron distribution electrostatic interactions between neighboring molecules an unequal sharing of electron distribution

20. Which of the following is incorrect about electrons? a) Only two electrons make up a covalent bond. b) The energy between the atomic orbitals the electron can occupy is measured by electromagnetic radiation. c) We know exactly where the electrons are at any given time. d) The location and number of electron in an atom define its chemical properties.

21. What volume of a 3 M solution of phosphoric acid is needed to react completely with 35 mL of a 2 M solution of lithium hydroxide? You must balance the equation first
H 3 PO4 LiOH Li3 PO4 H 2O

a) b) c) d)

17.5 mL 7.78 mL 23.3 mL 52.5 mL

22. What is the correct molecular geometry for ammonia? (NH3) a) b) c) d) Trigonal planar Bent Trigonal pyramidal Tetrahedral

23. Why do we do reactions in solutions? a) b) c) d) Most compounds are liquid at room temperature To increase the likelihood that compounds will collide Bonds can only be broken in solutions Very few reactions take place in solution

24. What is the electron configuration for copper? a) b) c) d) Cu: [Ar] 4s2 3d9 Cu: [Ar] 4s1 3d10 Cu: [Kr] 4s1 4d10 Cu: [Ar] 4s2 4d9

25. What is the correct Lewis structure for CO2? (a)

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