Starling Hunter © 2011

1

Leo 13 An old sea captain rocking
T h e w o r l d o l d d e s c e n d s f r o m t h e r o o t a l -3 w h i c h m e a n s “ t o g r o w , n o u r i s h. ” 1 I t s d e r i v a t i ve s include

a l de rm an ,

the

name

E l dre d ,

alto,

a b o l i s h, a do l e s c en t , a du l t , a l i me nt , a l i m o ny, a l m a m a t e r, a l u m n u s , a l ti t u de, c o a le s c e, e l de r, e x a l t, h a u gh t y, p rol e t a ria n, a n d p ro l i fi c .
T h e w o r d s e a d e s ce n d s f r o m t h e O l d E n g l i sh

sae, “sheet of water, sea, lake”, by way of the
P r e - G e r m a n i c sa i wa z .
2

T h e w o r d c a pt ai n d e s c e n d s f r o m t h e r o ot k ap ut - ( he a d ) , a s d o t h e w o r d s c a p ri c e , a c h ie ve,

b i c ep s, c a ddi e, ca de t , c a pi t a l, ca pi t o l, c a p it u l a te, c a t t l e, c ha pt e r, c h ef , c h ie f , c o rp o ra l, he a d, ke rc hi e f , a n d m i s c h i e f. 3
T h e v e r b r oc k h a s t w o d i s t i n ct d e f i n i t i o n s —“ t o s w a y ” a n d “ t o d a n c e t o p o p u l a r m u s i c wi t h a st r o n g b e a t . ” T h e f o r m e r d e s ce n d s f r o m t h e O l d E n g l i s h ro c c ia n a n d i s r e l a t e d t o t h e O l d N o r s e ryk kj a ( t o p u l l , t e a r, m o v e ) , t h e S w e d i sh ryc ka ( t o p u l l, p lu c k ) , T h e M i d d l e Du t c h ru c ke n , t h e O l d H i g h G e r m a n ru c c h a n , a n d t he G e r m a n ru c ke n ( t o mo v e j e r k i l y) . 4 TH EMES : T h e f i r s t t h e m e c on c e r n s MOT ION . C l e a r l y t he w o r d r ocki ng a n d s w a y i n g i s a ch a r a c t e r i s t i c f o r m o f m o t i o n f o r w a t e r c r a f t t r a v e r s i n g t h e o c e a n s, s eas , a n d o t h e r b o d i e s o f w a t e r . A s e c o n d t he m e c on c e r n s L EADERSH IP o r RA NK . T he k e yw o r d c a pt ai n , a s w e l l a s s e v e r a l o f i t s p a r o n y m s, e . g . c h i e f, h ea d, ca pit a l , a n d c o rpo ra l , s u g g e s t s t he s e n o t i o n s . S i mi l a r l y , t h e k e y w o r d o l d a n d s e v e r a l o f i t s p a r o n y m s - - w o r d s li k e e l de r, h a u gh t y, a l t i t u de, e x a l t e d , a n d a du l t — c a r r y s i m i l a r c on n o t a t i on s w i t h i n t he c o n t e x t s o f t h e i r u s e .

1 2 3 4

Watkins, c. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo -European Roots, p. 3 http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=sea Watkins, c. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo -European Roots, p. 37 http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=rock Starling Hunter © 2011 2

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