# Geometry Problems

Amir Hossein Parvardi∗ January 9, 2011

Edited by: Sayan Mukherjee. Note. Most of problems have solutions. Just click on the number beside the problem to open its page and see the solution! Problems posted by diﬀerent authors, but all of them are nice! Happy Problem Solving!

1. Circles W1 , W2 intersect at P, K. XY is common tangent of two circles which is nearer to P and X is on W1 and Y is on W2 . XP intersects W2 for the second time in C and Y P intersects W1 in B. Let A be intersection point of BX and CY . Prove that if Q is the second intersection point of circumcircles of ABC and AXY ∠QXA = ∠QKP

2. Let M be an arbitrary point on side BC of triangle ABC. W is a circle which is tangent to AB and BM at T and K and is tangent to circumcircle of AM C at P . Prove that if T K||AM , circumcircles of AP T and KP C are tangent together.

3. Let ABC an isosceles triangle and BC > AB = AC. D, M are respectively midpoints of BC, AB. X is a point such that BX ⊥ AC and XD||AB. BX and AD meet at H. If P is intersection point of DX and circumcircle of AHX (other than X), prove that tangent from A to circumcircle of triangle AM P is parallel to BC.

4. Let O, H be the circumcenter and the orthogonal center of triangle ABC, respectively. Let M and N be the midpoints of BH and CH. Deﬁne
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ABC, such that B and B are diametrically opposed. 1 If HON M is a cyclic quadrilateral, prove that B N = AC. 2

B on the circumcenter of

5. OX, OY are perpendicular. Assume that on OX we have wo ﬁxed points P, P on the same side of O. I is a variable point that IP = IP . P I, P I intersect OY at A, A . a) If C, C Prove that I, A, A , M are on a circle which is tangent to a ﬁxed line and is tangent to a ﬁxed circle. b) Prove that IM passes through a ﬁxed point.

6. Let A, B, C, Q be ﬁxed points on plane. M, N, P are intersection points of AQ, BQ, CQ with BC, CA, AB. D , E , F are tangency points of incircle of ABC with BC, CA, AB. Tangents drawn from M, N, P (not triangle sides) to incircle of ABC make triangle DEF . Prove that DD , EE , F F intersect at Q.

7. Let ABC be a triangle. Wa is a circle with center on BC passing through A and perpendicular to circumcircle of ABC. Wb , Wc are deﬁned similarly. Prove that center of Wa , Wb , Wc are collinear.

8. In tetrahedron ABCD, radius four circumcircles of four faces are equal. Prove that AB = CD, AC = BD and AD = BC.

9. Suppose that M is an arbitrary point on side BC of triangle ABC. B1 , C1 are points on AB, AC such that M B = M B1 and M C = M C1 . Suppose that H, I are orthocenter of triangle ABC and incenter of triangle M B1 C1 . Prove that A, B1 , H, I, C1 lie on a circle.

10. Incircle of triangle ABC touches AB, AC at P, Q. BI, CI intersect with P Q at K, L. Prove that circumcircle of ILK is tangent to incircle of ABC if and only if AB + AC = 3BC.

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H. From A. Now we have two new angles: E (this is the angle ∠AED) and F (this is the angle ∠BF A). In triangle ABC. Square Bc Bc Ba Ba with center P is outside square ABc Ba C. Prove that the points P . Ib . P is the intersection of diagonals. S is point that O is midpoint of HS. I. incenter. CAb Ac B and BCa Cb A are outside the triangle. M is midpoint of AC. 17. Prove that BP. π M. Squares ABc Ba C.11. N are orthogonal center. 14.DC = AC 2 . We also consider a point R of intersection of the external bisectors of these angles. we draw a line parallel to BC. We draw its diagonals to divide the quadrilateral to four triangles. Ca Ba and Ac Bc are concurrent. Let M and N be two points inside triangle ABC such that ∠M AB = ∠N AC Prove that and ∠M BA = ∠N BC. B. Q and R are collinear. I3 .AB 2(AB + AC) 16. the bisectors of external angles B and D intersect at Q. I4 are 3 . and the lines BC and DA intersect at F . The lines AB and CD intersect at E.AC. AB · AC BA · BC CA · CB 12. Let ABC be a triangle. Let ABCD be an arbitrary quadrilateral. O. N are points on such that angles ∠AP M and ∠AQN are . The bisectors of external angles A and C of the quadrilateral intersect at P . Triangle ABC is isosceles (AB = AC). Prove that centroid of triangles Ia Ib Ic and SIN concide. Prove that 2 1 1 2 + ≤ AM AN AB 15. We know that 2BC 2 − AC 2 = AB. and Nagelian point of triangle ABC. I2 . C. 13. AM · AN BM · BN CM · CN + + = 1. Ic are excenters of ABC corresponding vertices A. AC such that P Q ⊥ BC. and D is a point on BC such that DB = DM . ABCD is a convex quadrilateral. Q are on perpendicular bisectors of AB. P. Ia . circumcenter. Prove that BD. I1 .

Assuming that AE + BD = AB. then the Simson lines of A. B. Q. ABC is a triangle. Show that if the Simson lines of P . P AB. as A1 and B1 vary. 22. B. I2 . then prove that LH 2 + M H 2 + N H 2 ≤ 1 (AB 2 + AC 2 + BC 2 ) 4 19. I3 . 4 . the circumcentres of triangles A1 A2 C all lie on one ﬁxed circle. if L. Prove that triangle F EG is similar to triangle ABC. Distinct points A1 and B1 (not at P or Q) are selected on S1 . M. I4 lie on a circle iﬀ ABCD is a tangential quadrilateral. and R with respect to triangle ABC are concurrent. Let C be a point not on S1 such that the line segment AC meets S1 at two distinct points. such that + = 1 and ∠CEF = ∠CAB. Circles S1 and S2 intersect at points P and Q. P CD(excenters corresponding vertex P ). determine the angle C. In triangle ABC. 20. Let B be a point on a circle S1 . P . Suppose that CB CA M is the midpoint of EF and G is the point of intersection between CM and AB. 21. and R be six concyclic points. and let A be a point distinct from B on the tangent at B to S1 . and C with respect to triangle P QR are concurrent. Prove that I1 . C. Q. Furthermore. The bisectors of the angles A and B of the triangle ABC meet the sides BC and CA at the points D and E. Let A. Let S2 be the circle touching AC at C and touching S1 at a point D on the opposite side of AC from B. respectively. and the lines A1 B1 and A2 B2 meet at C. And H is orthogonal center of triangle ABC. P BC. show that the points of concurrence are the same. BC. Prove that the circumcentre of triangle BCD lies on the circumcircle of triangle ABC. 18. N are midpoints of AB. The lines A1 P and B1 P meet S2 again at A2 and B2 respectively. 23. Prove that.excenters of P AD. and E and F are points on the segments BC and CE CF CA respectively. AC.

Prove that the line AC bisects the angle BLD.X. AB. and circumcircle of ABC at M and N . Points D i E are on line AB such that D − A − B − E. 27. Let C be on the circle so that AC bisects OB. Prove that CX ⊥ P Q. 32. Prove that in any triangle ABC. Let CH be an altitude and CL be an interior angle bisector. Let AB and OC intersect at D. 0 < cot A 4 − tan B 4 − tan C 4 − 1 < 2 cot A . and let L and N be the midpoints of its diagonals AC and BD. AC at P and Q. Given four points A. Consider a circle with center O and points A. Bisector of internal angles at A and B intersect BC. Let ABC be a triangle with ∠C = 90◦ and CA = CB. 30. BHXC is a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle. BC and AO intersect at F. D on a circle such that AB is a diameter and CD is not a diameter. 31. ∠DBC = 5X and ∠BCA = 3X prove that X = 10. respectively. B on it such that AB is not a diameter. Let ABC be a triangle. Also show that for Y = C on the line CH we have ∠Y AC = ∠Y BC. we have ∠XAC = ∠XBC. Suppose that the line BD bisects the angle AN C.respectively. 28. C. B. AD = AC and BE = BC. Show that for X = C on the line CL. ∠BAC = 60 − 2X . Show that the line joining the point of intersection of the tangents to the circle at the points C and D with the point of intersection of the lines AC and BD is perpendicular to the line AB. Prove that XB = XC. 2 29. 5 . Let ABCD be a cyclic quadrilatedral.24. Given a triangle ABC and D be point on side AC such that AB = DC . Triangle ABC is given. Y are two points on AC. Prove that AF = CD. Line which connects A with center of circumcircle of BM E and line which connects B and center of circumcircle of AN D intersect at X.CY cuts BX at Z and AZ cut XY at H (AZ ⊥ XY ). 25.

36.33. D lie in this order on a circle o. so that X. A triangle ABC is given. Let ABC be a triangle. The two tangents from this point A to the circle intersect the line l at B and C. The point S lies inside o and has properties ∠SAD = ∠SCB and ∠SDA = ∠SBC. I. the intersection E ∈ AC ∩BP and the projection R of the point A on the line M N . 39. Given a triangle ABC. O ∈ M N NC MB + is minimum. C. the middlepoints M. 6 . CD. Line which in which angle bisector of ∠ASB in included cut the circle in points P and Q. Let m be the line through the point A and the midpoint of the segment BC. B. Consider a variable point A on the line k. Find Y on one circle and Z on the other. respectively. [AM ] respectively. P of the segments [BC]. AO are concurrent. N. 37. Two circles intersect at two points. and a circle not intersecting k. Y and Z are collinear and XY · XZ is as large as possible. Prove that P S = QS. The points A. respectively. the incenter and the orthocenter of triangle ABC. Prove that all the lines m (as A varies) have a common point. [CA]. Denote O ∈ AC ∩ BD. Let be given two parallel lines k and l. 34. and let the external angle bisector of the angle ∠A intersect the lines perpendicular to BC and passing through B and C at the points D and E. Ascertain and construct the positions of the points M ∈ (AB) and N ∈ (CD). Prove that ∠GIH > 90◦ . H be the centroid. where O is the circumcenter of ABC. Prove that ERN ≡ CRN . one of them X. Let ABCD be a convex quadrilateral. so that the sum MA ND 35. Let G. 38. Prove that the line segments BE.

and let a. Ascertain the geometrical locus of the intersection L ∈ AN ∩ BM . 7 . Consider a right-angled triangle ABC with the hypothenuse AB = 1. C E ∈ AB). Given a triangle with the area S. Prove that the triangles EDC and IAB have the same centroid if and only if AB CD and IC 2 = IA · AC. Let ABC be a triangle whit AH⊥ BC and BE the interior bisector of the angle ABC. Prove that a2 + 4b2 + 12c2 ≥ 32 · S. Deﬁne the points E = AD ∩ BC and I = AC ∩ BD. Let H be the orthocenter of the acute triangle ABC. DL ⊥ AB . ﬁnd m(∠EHC). Lines BK. 43. Exists a positive number k so that for any point M ∈ [OC] there is a point N ∈ [OD] so that AM · BN = k 2 . The bisector of ∠ACB cuts the medians BE and AF at P and M . 42. 44. In a right triangle ABC with ∠A = 90 we draw the bisector AD .If m(∠BEA) = 45. Let ABCD be a convex quadrilateral with AD BC. 41. determine the maximum value of the area of M N P . A variable line passing through H intersects the segments [BC ] and [CB ] in M and N . Denote the intersection O ∈ AC ∩ BD. Let BB and CC be altitudes of the triangle (B E ∈ AC. respectively. CL meet each other at point H . b. The perpendicular lines of from M and N intersect BB and CC in P and Q. Let triangle ABC be an isosceles triangle with AB = AC. 47.40. Let DK ⊥ AC. If AF ∩ BE = {P }. 45. c be the sidelengths of the triangle. Determine ∠A. 46. Determine the locus of the midpoint of the segment [P Q]. Prove that AH ⊥ BC. Suppose that the angle bisector of its angle ∠B meets the side AC at a point D and that BC = BD + AD. Let ABCD be a square.

Let X be the intersection between DG and AB and Y the intersection between DF and AC. the circumcenter of triangle ABC. and M be the midpoint of AD. we are given that 2 · AB = AC + BC. Let D be inside the ABC and E on AD diﬀerent of D. K. E are on the same line. CDE. G. b. Let 8 . Let ABC be a traingle with sides a. 50. The line BM intersects the side AC on the point N . H. parallel to BC. Let the lines passing through K and L. and M the midpoint of its side BC. Given a triangle ABC satisfying AC + BC = 3 · AB. Prove that the line HM is perpendicular to the common chord of the circumscribed circles of triangle ABC and triangle ADE. B. Show that AB is tangent to the circuncircle to the triangle N BC if and only if the following equality is true: (BC)2 BM . intersect the incircle γ again in two points X and Y . Show that XY is to BC. 53. 49. In an acute-angled triangle ABC. Show that the incenter of triangle ABC. The incircle of triangle ABC has center I and touches the sides BC and CA at the points D and E. respectively. Let ω1 and ω2 be the circumscribed circles of BDE resp. Let H be the orthocenter of triangle ABC. and let M be the midpoint of the side BC. The median AM of triangle ABC intersects the incircle γ at two points K and L. Let ABC be a triangle. Prove that 27(b2 + c2 − a2 )2 (c2 + a2 − b2 )2 (a2 + b2 − c2 )2 ≤ (4K)6 52. Let γ be the incircle of triangle ABC. ω1 and ω2 intersect BC in the interior points F resp.48. Let D be a point on the side AB and E a point on the side AC such that AE = AD and the points D. Let ABC be a triangle. the midpoint of AC and the midpoint of BC are concyclic. D the midpoint of BC. Let ABC be an acute-angled triangle with AB = AC. 54. c. Prove that the points A. = MN (BN )2 51. and area K. Let K and L be the reﬂections of the points D and E with respect to I. L lie on one circle.

and M an interior point such that ∠M AB = 10◦ . Deﬁne the middlepoint M of the side [BC] and the point D ∈ (BC). 56. Consider a convex pentagon ABCDE such that ∠BAC = ∠CAD = ∠DAE ∠ABC = ∠ACD = ∠ADE Let P be the point of intersection of the lines BD and CE. Prove that the line AP passes through the midpoint of the side CD. ∠M AC = 40◦ and ∠M CA = 30◦ . and in this case PD 5 57. M . |OK| |OM | |OL| |ON | 9 . Let ABC be a triangle. Prove that exists a point P ∈ (AD) so that P B ⊥ P M and P B = P M if and only if AC = 2 · AB 3 PA = .the lines AX and AY intersect BC again at the points P and Q. 61. Let ABC be a right-angle triangle (AB ⊥ AC). BC. In the coordinate plane. 59. CD. and let P be a point in the interior of triangle ABC. and let K. BAD ≡ CAD. 55. Prove that the triangle is isosceles. Let ABC be a triangle inscribed in a circle of radius R. L. Let ABCD be a circumscriptible quadrilateral. and N be the feet of the perpendiculars from the point O to 1 1 1 1 the sides AB. The perimeter of triangle ABC is equal to 3 + 2 3. and DA. any triangle congruent to triangle ABC has at least one lattice point in its interior or on its sides. Prove that triangle ABC is equilateral. Show that the plane cannot be represented as the union of the inner regions of a ﬁnite number of parabolas. Prove that BP = CQ. Prove that: + = + . Prove that PA PB PC 1 + + ≥ . √ 58. let {O} = AC ∩ BD. BC 2 CA2 AB 2 R 60. ∠M BA = 20◦ .

CC1 be the altitudes in acute triangle ABC. Ib . 69. In a convex quadrilateral ABCD. CA. C prove that two triangle ABC.CA (to A) . CP meet the lines BC. BB1 . Let AA1 . AB. N. C . [CA] and [AB]. 66. 63. the line AX is the A-symmedian of triangle ABC. S be the feet of the perpendiculars from X to the lines AA1 . Ic . RS are concurrent. incircle of triangle IBC touch IB. respectively. Given triangle ABC. Prove that triangle ABC is equilateral. Let ABC be a triangle and let X. P. CA. BP . 67. incenter I. 65. AB (to B) we take points D. Let the lines AP. 68. At the extension of the sides BC (to C) . Prove that ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral if and only if AP = CP . Let the tangents to the circumcircle of a triangle ABC at the vertices B and C intersect each other at a point X. BP. the diagonal BD bisects neither the angle ABC nor the angle CDA. A B concur. Q. Let the tangents to the circumcircle of a triangle ABC at the vertices B and C intersect each other at a point X. Prove that M N. C A . and let X be an arbitrary point. Prove that if the triangle DEF is equilateral then ABC is also equilateral. BC. 64. respectively. B . IC at Ia . Prove that the reﬂections of the lines AP . F such that CD = AE = BF . Then. Y and Z be points on the sides [BC]. Ic the lines Ib Ib ∩ Ic Ic = {A } similarly we have B . Then. P Q. E. AM = AX · |cos A| (we don’t use directed angles here). AB at the points A . CP in the lines B C . Let M. such that AX = BY = CZ and BX = CY = AZ. CC1 .62. Ia resp similar we have Ib . R. Let a triangle ABC . BB1 . A B C are perspective. Let P and P be two isogonal conjugate points with respect to triangle ABC. The point P lies inside ABCD and satisﬁes angleP BC = ∠DBA and ∠P DC = ∠BDA. 10 . and let M be the midpoint of the side BC of triangle ABC.

B2 . The circle with diameter XH again meets lines AH. 75. C1 C2 meet at same point. Determine the nature of a triangle ABC such that the incenter lies on HG where H is the orthocenter and G is the centroid of the triangle ABC. CH at a points A1 . B1 and C1 . respectively (apart from A. B1 . and intersects the line BC at a point E such that C lies between B and E. B. Let ABC be an equilateral triangle (i. respectively. The parallel lines from the points A. S and T are collinear. 11 ..excenters of the triangles ABX and ADY . BH. C1 . Let ABC be a triangle and m a line which intersects the sides AB and AC at interior points D and F . 72. Triangle QAP has the right angle at A. A variable line g through the vertex A intersects the rays BC and DC at the points X and Y . where S (XY Z) denotes the area of a triangle XY Z. Prove that the lines A1 E . Prove that AN P ∼ BP M ∼ CM N . = = 71. Let M be a point on the side BC. Points B and R are chosen on the segments P A and P Q respectively so that BR is parallel to AQ. Let H is the orthocentre of triangle ABC. B1 B2 . B. BX. such that S (AN P ) = S (BP M ) = S (CM N ).70. B1 F and C1 D pass through the same point. Points S and T are on AQ and BR respectively and AR is perpendicular to BS. The intersection of AR and BS is U. C2 . Prove that (i) the points P. C to the line m intersect the circumcircle of triangle ABC at the points A1 . e. C). X is an arbitrary point in the plane. The intersection of AT and BQ is V. Prove that the lines A1 A2 . 73. and lines AX. a triangle which satisﬁes BC = CA = AB). U and V are collinear. and AT is perpendicular to BQ. respectively. Let ABCD be a parallelogram. and let P be a point on the side AB. 74. Let K and L be the A. let N be a point on the side CA. (ii) the points P. Show that the angle KCL is independent of the line g. respectively. CX at a points A2 .

(C) is the in circle of triangle BDC. D is a point on line AB. 12 . N and Q on AB. V ∈ N E ∩ B I. 80. N be the midpoints of the sides BC and AC of ABC. B = CE ∩ DA. And goes through I. Points D. B . respectively which satisfy EF ||BC. 77. perpendicular to the bisector of 1 ∠HM N . The line through M . Prove that E. Let ABCDE be a convex pentagon. Let ABC be a triangle. C = DA ∩ EB. and BH be its altitude. respectively. CA and AB. R). E1 F1 . C = CC ∩ BD. the abbreviation g∩h will mean the point of intersection of two lines g and h. We choose four points P. P of the lines AI. Make D1 E1 ||DE . CI respectively with the its circumcircle e = C(O. intersects the line AC at point P such that HP = (AB + BC) and 2 ∠HM N = 45. 79. Prove that AD = BD. N. Draw a line which is parallel to the bisector of angle ADC. N E. B = BB ∩ AC. Prove that: EA AB BC CD DE · · · · = 1. D = EB ∩ AC and E = AC ∩ BD. r) touches the its sides in the points D ∈ (BC). M. BC. V ∈ P F ∩ C I belong to the circumcircle w. If the points A . F ∈ (AB) respectively. CD and DA respectively. Remark. Prove that the lines M D. In the following. D1 is a point on BC. F are on the sides BC. C are the second intersections of the lines AO. Prove that the perimeter of P M N Q is at least two times the diameter of ABCD. Make P BC ∼ DEF such that P and A are on the same side of BC. I note the second intersections M. Let A = BD ∩ CE. the incenter of ABC and this line is tangent to circle (C). BI. The its incircle i = C(I. BO. P D1 are concurrent. Furthermore. Let M. D = DD ∩ CE and E = EE ∩ DA. Prove that ABC is isosceles. AB BC CD DE EA 81. CO respectively with the circumcircle e then the points U ∈ M D ∩ A I. let A = AA ∩ EB.76. E ∈ (CA). D1 F1 ||DF which intersect AC and AB at E1 and F1 . ABC is a triangle. E. Let ABCD be a rectangle. P F are concurrently. 78.

In an acute-angled triangle ABC. 85. 83. incenter I and centroid S.82. 84. respectively. and determine when equality holds. Prove the inequality 9 · HS 2 + 4 (AH · AI + BH · BI + CH · CI) ≥ 3d2 . we consider the feet Ha and Hb of the altitudes from A and B. Let ABC be a triangle and O a point in its plane. and let the parallels to the lines CN and BM through the points B and C intersect each other at F. ABC inscribed triangle in circle (O. 88. Prove that when the point A moves on the arc BAC the AM pass from a standard point. A circle passing through A and B intersects segments AC and BC at D and E. At AB we take point C such that AC = AC and at AC we take point B such that AB = AB. Show that the centre of the incircle I of triangle ABC lies on the segment Ha Hb if and only if the centre of the circumcircle O of triangle ABC lies on the segment Wa Wb . R). Let the parallels to the lines CN and BM through the points M and N intersect each other at E. Let ABC be a triangle with orthocenter H. respectively. and the intersections Wa and Wb of the angle bisectors from A and B with the opposite sides BC and CA respectively. and given a point D such that the line CD is perpendicular to the plane 13 . Prove that M F = M C if and only if M B · M D = M C 2 . Prove that line F B is perpendicular to side AC. Let the lines BO and CO intersect the lines CA and AB at the points M and N. 87. given a right-angled triangle ABC with the right angle at A. Lines AB and DE intersect at F . Furthermore. let F be a point on the circumcircle of triangle ABC such that line F D is perpendicular to side BC and points F. B lie on diﬀerent sides of line AC. and let d be the diameter of the circumcircle of triangle ABC. and let D be a point on side AC such that |AB| = |BD|. The segment B C intersects the circle at E. while lines BD and CF intersect at M . let ABC be an acute triangle with ∠BAC > ∠BCA. In space. D respectively and and it intersects BC at M . 86. Let ABC be a triangle.

We also consider a point R of intersection of the external bisectors of these angles. CA and AB respectively. AC tangents C(O1 ) at A. Let P be the point of intersection of the angle bisector of the angle A with the line B C . let A1 . where a lies opposite to A. C1 be the points where the excircles touch the sides BC. AB at A . CA. 92. the bisectors of external angles B and D intersect at Q. 91. The bisectors of external angles A and C of the quadrilateral intersect at P . Construct a point C1 in such a way that the convex quadrilateral AP BC1 is cyclic. C . c and the angles A. 93. The lines AB and CD intersect at E. Q and R are collinear. Prove that 2 · M N = BM + CN . and the lines BC and DA intersect at F . C. Now we have two new angles: E (this is the angle ∠AED) and F (this is the angle ∠BF A). CD passing through point O1 intersects C(O1 ) at point D and tangents C(O2 ) at point C. B . QC1 CA. Denote d = AB. 94. C1 . B. Let ABCD be an arbitrary quadrilateral. The internal angle bisectors of the angles A. A triangle ABC is given in a plane. h = CD. 90. Prove that 89. The parallel to the side BC through the point P intersects the sides ABand AC in the points M and N. and AE intersects C(O1 ) at E. and the points C1 and Q lie on opposite sides of the line AB. and c lies opposite to C. Draw AF ⊥DE. In a triangle ABC. Circles C(O1 ) and C(O2 ) intersect at points A. then prove that the triangle ABC is equilateral. 14 . where b lies opposite to B. Prove that BD bisects AF . BB1 and CC1 are the sidelenghts of a triangle. If a (1 − 2 cos A) + b (1 − 2 cos B) + c (1 − 2 cos C) = 0. Draw AE⊥CD. B. Prove that AA1 . and AF intersects DE at F .ABC. Construct a point B1 in such a way that the convex quadrilateral AP CB1 is cyclic. tan2 α − tan2 β DAC and β = DBC. and Q lie on a circle. α = d tan α tan β h= . and the points B1 and Q lie on opposite sides of the line AC. QB1 BA. C of this triangle ABC intersect the sides BC. b. Prove that the points P . Let ABC be an acute-angled triangle. A triangle ABC has the sidelengths a. B1 . and let P and Q be two points on its side BC. B. Prove that the points B1 . P .

let H be its orthocenter and O its circumcenter. etc. AIB lie on the angle bisectors of the medial triangle A1 B1 C1 . and let P be a point in the plane.). Show that M N passes through a ﬁxed point. 98. A triangle ABC is given. B. 2) Prove that the circumcircle of triangle ABC is congruent to the given circles G1 . Let L be its Lemoine point and F its Fermat (Torricelli) point. 97. G3 . We call C the midpoint of its side XY. A1 is the midpoint of BC. Also. Prove that the centers of Euler’s nine.e.95.t. G3 have a common point P . 96. C. Prove that the circumradius of triangle ABC is also R. Prove that angles ACB and GCE have either common or perpendicular bisectors. G2 . Let ABXY be a convex trapezoid such that BX AY. Let ABC be a triangle √ √ area S.point circles of triangle BIC. They intersect also two by two in three other points diﬀerent than H. 101. Let I be the incenter in triangle ABC and let triangle A1 B1 C1 be its medial triangle (i. let G be a point diﬀerent from H such that the pedal triangle of G is similar to the cevian triangle of G (with respect to triangle ABC). 1) Prove that the point P is the orthocenter of triangle ABC. P }. 100. Let P be a ﬁxed point on a conic. with Prove that AP + BP + CP ≥ 2 4 3 S. Consider three circles equal radii R that have a common point H. CIA. and we denote by P and Q the midpoints of the segments BC and CA. Let l be its Euler line and l be a reﬂection of l with respect to the line AB. G1 ∩G2 = {C. deﬁne G2 ∩G3 = {A. denoted A. Prove that the point N lies in the interior or on the boundary of BX 1 ≤ 3. respectively. and E the intersection of the line F L with OD. and let M. G2 . G3 ∩G1 = {B. Further. Now. triangle ABC if and only if ≤ 3 AY 99. P }. P }. Three congruent circles G1 . N be variable points on that same conic s. 15 . Call D the intersection of l with the circumcircle diﬀerent from H (where H is the reﬂection of H with respect to the line AB). Let the lines XP and Y Q intersect at a point N. P M ⊥ P N .

C0 F and OI are concurrent. B. It is known that the area of triangle ABC is six times the area of the quadrilateral P QO2 O1 . Let D be the midpoint of the side AB. from B and C and from C and A . CA. C0 the midpoints of these altitudes AH. BE. Let AB1 C1 . BK. we consider the line OI as an arbitrary line passing through O. C. and CF are concurrent at P. meet AB at P and Q respectively. The two circles. When M varies (M does not coincide with D). Denote by A0 . 107. . E. CL. . Justify your claim. AC + BC determine the possible value(s) of . Let Q be an arbitrary point on the segment CD. B0 . Suppose M is a point on the side AB of triangle ABC such that the incircles of triangle AM C and triangle BM C have the same radius. The incircle of triangle ABC has center I and touches the sides BC. Given a triangle ABC. respectively. Given an equilateral triangle ABC and a point M in the plane (ABC). Let A . Let ABCD be a square. Prove that there exists a unique point P equidistant from A and B . 104. L be the feet of the altitudes of triangle ABC from the vertices A. AB3 C3 be directly congruent equilateral triangles. respectively. I. AB 103. AB2 C3 . centered at O1 and O2 . Let O be the circumcenter of this triangle ABC. 16 . AB2 C2 . We know that QA meets C on E and QB meets it on F. B . Also CF and DE intersect in M. and C the circle whose diameter is AB.102. B0 E. prove that the circumcircle of triangle M N P (N is the intersection of the line DM and AP ) pass through a ﬁxed point. AB at the points D. F . (When the point O concides with I. C be respectively the symmetric through M of A. II. cevians AD.) 106. Let H. AB3 C1 form an equilateral triangle congruent to the ﬁrst three. Prove that the pairwise intersections of the circumcircles of triangles AB1 C2 . C. Prove that the four lines A0 D. K. respectively. B. Tried posting this in Pre-Olympiad but thought I’d get more feed back here: For acute triangle ABC. 1 1 1 1 1 1 + + + + and determine when equality ≤ Prove 2 AP BP CP PD PE PF holds 105. show that M belongs to C.

BC = b) ﬁnd locus of points M . hc the altia b c tudes to the corresponding side. A point X is chosen on a side AC. respectively. Given the tetrahedron ABCD whose faces are all congruent. P are the midpoints of BC. Some circle passes through X. c denote the side lengths and ha . and z-axis. b) Prove that : KA KB KC 1 among the ratios : . touches the side AC and intersects the circumcircle of triangle ABC in points M and N such that the segment M N bisects BX and intersects sides AB and BC in points P and Q. P and dividing the perimeter of triangle ABC into halves . there exists at least one ratio ≥ √ . let a. . Let the volume of tetrahedron ABCD be V (l). What is the maximum value of |P A| + |P B| + |P C| + |P D|. so that reﬂections of M in the sides are concyclic. Given rectangle ABCD (AB = a. The vertices A. A) Show that ∠P AB + ∠P BC ≥ min(∠P CA. Prove that : d1 . Prove that ( )2 + ( )2 + ( )2 ≥ 4 ha hb hc 109. π 110.108. B. where l > 2. M . d2 . d3 are concurrent at K . C lie in the positive part of x-axis. . 17 . ∠P CB). N. BC = 2l. Let a triangle ABC . Given a regular tetrahedron ABCD with edge length 1 and a point P inside it. . Evaluate V (l) lim √ l→2 l−2 . 112. In a triangle. and let P be a 2 point inside it. CA = 2l + 1. 113. a) d1 . y-axis. . hb . Let ABC be an isosceles triangle with ∠ACB = . Prove that the circumcircle of triangle P BQ passes through a ﬁxed point diﬀerent from B. d2 . CA. B) When does equality take place in the inequality above? 111. BC AC AB 3 114. d3 are lines throughing M. and AB = 2l − 1. Given a triangle ABC. N . b. AB .

Let ABC be a triangle. and erect three rectangles ABB1 A2 . An incircle of a triangle ABC touches it’s sides AB. E. 118. B C respectively. · · · . AB = CD. 116. BC. CAA1 C2 externally on its sides AB. Y and B lie on the line.t. BCC1 B2 . B A. K. B2 . prove that the line P Q passes through a ﬁxed point. B2 . B1 B2 . QT are concurrent. C1 C2 are concurrent. Let M . The parallel to AB through E meets DF at Q. lines A B and M N intersect at P . Prove that the lines CF . CA. A C. EF and P Q have a common point. lines B C and KL intersect at Q. and the parallel to AB through D meets EF at T . Let the line M K cut the circle (O1 ) again at C. (a) Prove that the line KM bisects the segment P Q. Bn . Bn of radii R1 . · · · . a) Let l1 and l2 be common tangents of circles ΩA and ΩC . Can we ﬁnd the midpoint of BC using only a straightedge? 120. DE. Rn in space. N . Let the line AC cut the circle (O2 ) again at Q. and D. 119. Let the line M A cut the circle (O2 ) again at P . On a line points A. B. Denote by K the point of intersection of the two tangents to the circle (O1 ) at the points A and B. L be midpoints of C A. Let ABC be a triangle. Assume that there doesn’t exist any plane separating these n balls. · · · . C. R2 .115. AB. F the points where its incircle touches the sides BC. Prove that the perpendicular bisectors of the segments A1 A2 . Given n balls B1 . A and B respectively. Let ΩA and ΩC be outcircles of triangles EAP and F CQ respectively. respectively. Prove that the lines l1 . D are given in this order s. b) Let circles ΩA and ΩC intersect at X and Y . 18 . Prove that the points X. respectively. (b) When the point M moves on the circle (O1 ). BC and CA at C . Let two circles (O1 ) and (O2 ) cut each other at two points A and B. 117. The line A C intersects lines M N and KL at E and F respectively. Then prove that there exists a ball of radius R1 + R2 + · · · + Rn which covers all of our n balls B1 . l2 . CA. Let a point M move on the circle (O1 ).

B1 . then A1 . Given the triangle ABC. If P be any point on the circumcircle of a triangle ABC whose Lemoine point is K. The circle through A. 123. Given four distinct points A1 . B2 are either collinear or concyclic.t. then each permutation of this sextuple is Pascalian. AB and CD are not parallel. Prove that if a sextuple of points is Pascalian.121. B touches CD at X. 127. M X AM . show that the line P K will cut the sides BC. CZ concur. E. F ) in the plane a Pascalian sextuple if and only if the points of intersection AB ∩ DE. 124. and r is the in radius of ABC. Prove that the lines AX. show that if every circle through A1 . BC ∩ EF and CD ∩ F A are collinear. C. Y . and M and M two points in its plane. 126. Z so that 3 1 1 1 = + + PK PX PY PZ where the segments are directed. M Y BM . D. B. let Y and Y be two points on the line CA. B2 in the plane. Let ABC be a triangle. A2 . I and N are the incenter and the Nagel point of ABC. A2 . A2 meets every circle through B1 . M Y BM . Let X and X be two points on the line BC. M Z CM . Assume that MX AM . B1 . 125. M Z CM . ABCD is a convex quadrilateral s. BY. Prove that IN = r ⇐⇒ a + b = 3c or b + c = 3a or c + a = 3b 122. The centers of three circles isotomic with the Apollonian circles of triangle ABC located on a line perpendicular to the Euler line of ABC. and a circle through C. and let Z and Z be two points on the line AB. D touches 19 . Let’s call a sextuple of points (A. CA. B2 . CZ concur if and only if the lines AX . BY . AB of the triangle in points X.

and let P be a 2 point inside it. ∠P CB). T respectively. S2 are disjoint. b) When does equality take place in the inequality above? 132. a) Show that ∠P AB + ∠P BC ≥ min(∠P CA. A BC . r s. Show that AD BC ⇐⇒ U V bisects XY . then f (S1 ∪ S2 ) = f (S1 ) + f (S2 ).t. A B C respectively. C in the sides BC. 128. B . C be the orthocenters of AB C . S2 . Show that A B C . CA. we draw another chord P Q of the ellipse. the midpoint N of AH (H is the orthocenter). (COC ) concur again in a point P . (BOB ). Let O be the midpoint of a chord AB of an ellipse. Show that AS = BT . B. S1 ∪ S2 ∈ S and the interiors of S1 . AB respectively. 1) such that. Let S be the set of all polygonal surfaces in the plane (a polygonal surface is the interior together with the boundary of a non-self-intersecting polygon. The tangents in P. construct circles with radi R.AB at Y . C be the reﬂections of the vertices A. V . the distance between their centers is equal to their common chord. 133. Given R. 134. Let O be the circumcenter of ABC. A B C are homothetic. Show that the circles (AOA ). if S1 . 129. 20 . given the midpoint M of BC. B . Show that we can ﬁnd a function f : S → (0. which is the inverse in the circumcircle of the isogonal conjugate of the nine-point center. These two circles intersect in U. 130. and let A . Let A B C be the orthic triangle of ABC. r. Let A . Construct triangle ABC. π 131. Q to the ellipse cut AB in S. the polygons do not have to be convex). Through O. and the point A where the incircle touches BC. Let ABC be an isosceles triangle with ∠ACB = .

and let r. F N are concurrent in a point P . 139. for each three there is a line intersecting them. AD ∩ BC. 142. Given four points A. Q = BB ∩ AD. Q move on the sides BC. and. . 140. An be an n-dimensional simplex. M (for ωb ). unless P is one of AB ∩ CD. AB in D. ωc . (O) be the incircle. and AA . tangent to (I). respectively. (I) touches BC. A point D is chosen on the arc ACB of the circumcircle of ABC. CP = CQ. If P = AA ∩ BD. then at least one of the diagonals A1 A4 . B. D in the plane and another point P . and F. 21 . the polars of P wrt the conics passing through A. in which case the polar is ﬁxed). CA. 136. . F respectively. Let A0 A1 . Find the largest k > 0 with the property that for any convex polygon of area S and any line in the plane. Let (I). E. BB are its altitudes. Prove that R ≥ nr. Given a ﬁnite number of parallel segments in the plane s. prove that there is a line intersecting all the segments. Prove that if the hexagon A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 has all sides of length ≤ 1. B. (O) in D. CD respectively s. D pass through a ﬁxed point (well. show that the midpoint of P Q lies on A B . a) Show that DK. respectiely. C. b) Show that the orthocenter of DEF lies on OP . EM. A3 A6 has length ≤ 2. AC ∩ BD. We are also given three circles ωa . ωb . 138. circumcircle of ABC. 141. We have an acute-angled triangle ABC. R be its inradius and circumradius. we can inscribe a triangle with area ≥ kS and a side parallel to in the polygon.t. C.t. A2 A5 . N (for ωc ). 137. show that the circumcircles of the triangles AP Q share a second common point (apart from A) as P. K (for ωa ).135. Given a parallelogram ABCD with AB < BC. E.

148. There is an odd number of soldiers. 2 2 2 BC CA AB R 147. . 144. n + 2 such that Pi Pj is not an edge of the convex hull of the points Pi . we can ﬁnd i = j ∈ 1. Prove that PB PC 1 PA + + ≥ . prove that the following two assertions are equivalent: (a) There is no hyperplane which meets all n + 1 polytopes. (b) Every polytope can be separated from the other n by a hyperplane. Find those convex polygons which can be covered by 3 strictly smaller homothetic images of themselves (i. Show that there is a soldier which nobody is looking at. Let ABC be a triangle inscribed in a circle of radius R. 149. The perpendicular lines of from M and N intersect BB and CC in P and Q. 146. 1)). images through homothecies with ratio in the interval (0. Let H be the orthocenter of the acute triangle ABC. the distances between all of them being all distinct. 145. C ∈ AB). Determine the locus of the midpoint of the segment [P Q]. Find those n ≥ 2 for which the following holds: For any n + 2 points P1 . no three on a line. .e. and let P be a point in the interior of triangle ABC. A variable line passing through H intersects the segments [BC ] and [CB ] in M and N . Let BB and CC be altitudes of the triangle (B ∈ AC. Pn+2 ∈ Rn . which are training as follows: each one of them is looking at the one closest to them.143. . Show that there are no regular polygons with more than 4 sides inscribed in an ellipse. . 22 . Given n + 1 convex polytopes in Rn .

t. show that the 2nth side also passes through a ﬁxed point on . Given a cyclic 2n-gon with a ﬁxed circumcircle s. 23 .150. 2n − 1 of its sides pass through 2n − 1 ﬁxed point lying on a line . END.