Surrounded by 3 wide rings Most beautiful

Saturn
3 2 1

Surrounded by narrow rings Lies on its side Greenish blue colour
3 2 1

Uranus

Covered with blue methane liquid
1 2

9

Pluto

Has a faint ring system The only star in solar system Pluto Biggest body in solar system suitable atmosphere
3

Neptune

At centre of solar system 9 planets move around it Source of life on earth (light and heat energy)

4

Mars
6

Second biggest planet Made up of gases and ice Biggest planet Surface covered with red dust; called red planet
1 2 1

SUN
2

Neptune 8 7 Uranus 7
8

Saturn

Venus
3

Earth

5

Jupiter

f
Jupiter

g
The only planet with living things

air
1

water
2

e d

Mercury
1

Very cold; all water frozen
2 3

Has 1. air 2. water 3. suitable temperature

THE OUTER PLANETS
c

h
Very cold Smallest Very far and dark planet from sun

b a

c

d e

No life forms

a b

SUPPORTS LIFE
4 6 5

9 planets

Mars
2

Earth

Only planet that 1 supports life Hottest planet
3

g f
Venus

Made of b mainly a gases Also called giant gases 5 last planets

THE SUN
suitable distance from sun

a

b c

The 10th (named Sedna) and 11th planets were discovered in 2004 and 2005 respectively
orbit

3 4

THE EARTH'S PERFECT PLACEMENT

Not too hot receive enough or too cold light and heat
a If too hot, earth becomes dry. b c Not conducive to life

PLANETS

d

Atmosphere traps heat 2
1

e d
Mercury

THE INNER PLANETS
a c b

2

PLANETS IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM

If too cold, all water will freeze

1

2

Move around the sun in their own orbits

Nearest to earth

4 nearest planet to sun

C
1

YEAR 4 UNIT 6

a

Satellites : bodies that orbit a planet or other larger bodies

Made of Has rocks atmophere
2 1

Has very high temperature

Nearest to the sun

PLANET'S TEMPERATURE
c a b
Venus Very near to sun Average temperature: 420oC

THE EARTH AND THE UNIVERSE (1/1)
Planet nearer to sun is hotter and dryer; getting more light and more heat

A

CONSTITUENTS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM

3

NATURAL SATELITES
c

b

All planets have natural satelites except Mercury and Venus Earth's natural satelite Does not give light Reflects light from the sun Takes 28 days to orbit around the earth

1

*Subject to change due to new discoveries *Pluto : 1
10 9

THE MOON
3 4

2

Mars Far from sun Average temperature: - 50oC

B

Earth Near to sun Average temperature: 15oC

Planet farther from sun is colder; getting less light and less heat

Example: Halley's comet passes near earth every 72 years The sun's heat melts the ice and makes it glow. Seen as long trail

5 4 COMET
a

*Neptune : 8 8

3

*Uranus : 15 *Saturn : 21

7 6 5

Number of Satellites of Planet
1 2 4 3

d c b

Mercury : 0 Venus : 0

*Jupiter : 16 Mars : 2 Earth : 1

earth - sun : 150 000 000 km earth - moon : 382 500 km

DISTANCE
distance ratio earth-sun : earth-moon 400 : 1

2

SIZE AND DISTANCE

Moves around the sun in a long orbit

1

Objects smaller than planets that moves around the sun
2

A lump of ice that contains frozen gases and dust

METEOROID and METEOR
b a

ASTEROIDS
3 4

Made of metals and rocks Have different shapes and sizes (up to hundreds of kilometres)

1
382 500 km
  

150 000 000 km

earth sun

moon Earth: 4 x bigger than moon Sun: 100 x bigger than earth

It lands on earth, form a crater and becomes a meteorite.

3 2

METEOR
1

METEOROIDS
1 2

Found in asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter
Asteroid belt

DIAMETER
Sun's : 1 400 000 km
A meteorite

3

Looks like a streak of bright light (also called shooting star)

Is a meteoroid that enters the earth's atmosphere

Sun: 400 x bigger than moon

Size Ratio Earth's : 12 756 km

Moon's : 3 480 km

Objects that float in space that broken off Have different from asteroids shapes and sizes Made of metals (smaller than and rocks asteroids)

sun

earth

moon

basketball : marble : sago grain

sun : earth : moon 400 : 4 : 1