Mosquitoes Bees

pu pa cat erpil lar (larva) 1 2 3

gr as sh op pe r

YEAR 4 UNIT 2

Flies
a e gg s nymph

Has larva and pupa stage
b

Other examples
c

LIFE PROCESSES
(2/3)
Breathe in oxygen
a b

mammals

birds

whale dolphin

Most Land animals

egg

butterfly fr og

a

Grasshopper
4 3 c

b

Butterfly
Other examples
3

Has NO larva and pupa stage
1 2

Breathe out carbon dioxide and water

a

b

Some aquatic animals

turtle

Lungs

Cockroach Praying Mantis

ta d po l e with l eg s

e gg s

Frog

B
BREATHING
c
Oxygen is absorbed and carbon dioxide is get rid off at the gills.
c b

2

t ad p ol e

Animals That Lay Eggs
1

1

Moist skin

l ay
Adult

Egg grows into rat

hatches Stages Young

Dragonfly

d

1
LIFE-CYCLE

Breathing Structures
5 4 3

2 b a

Other mammals
give birth

5

2

grow rat pup

Animals That Give Birth
1

c a

IN ANIMALS

Water that contains oxygen enters the mouth of fish and flows out through gills.

In frogs, salamanders worms

Oxygen from air enters the body directly through the moist skin.

Gills
a

b Shapes Sizes Weights
3 2 1

Stages

In fish, tadpoles
b

Tracheal structure
a

Lu ng books
b

a

give birth
Adult Young

Animals Change

Stages of growth in animals

In crabs, spiders and scorpions

4

grows into

3

2

Then enters air tubes and to body cells

2

air tubes

In insects

Lungs look like book pages Lung books

Cats Dogs
b c

Milk from mothers' mammary glands Platypus Spiny anteater
1 spiracles Air enters spiracles at sides of insect's body

Rats

a

Many Offsprings at One time
4

Offsprings’ Fo od
5 6

Carbon dioxide
1 2

Mammals That Lay Eggs b

Water Mammals
1 2

EXCRETION
REPRODUCTION DEFECATION
a b a To stay healthy a To get rid undigested materials
1

Excrete
a b

Birds

Whale
d c b a

Rhinocerous Elephant

One Offspring at One time

3 2

Giving Birth
1

Animals with lungs
4

3

Reptiles

Lungs

Organs

Amphibians
2 1 2 3 b

Human

Offsprings grow in mothers' womb before birth

urea mineral salts

Mammals only Eggs

3 4

Skin

a

Excrete (in sweat)

water
1

Baby turtles find their own food after hatching Turtles

b a

DO NOT Take Care Eggs and Youngs Take Care Eggs, NOT Youngs
Snakes
a

6

Laying Eggs
5 4 3

1

 Chicks Youngs
Gills
a b c d

Kidney
a b

Animals with thick skin Excrete (in urine)
4 3 1 2

Mammals

2

Egg Laying Animals
e

Amphibians Birds Reptiles
4 3 b a

urea uric acid

Few Eggs At One Time
c b a

Many Eggs At One Time
a b

Fish Insects Frogs

Fish T adpole

Aquatic animals
2 1

Excrete
2 1

Animals with kidneys
1 2

mineral salts water

Water

Prawn

Crab

Carbon dioxide

Mammals Birds

Take care eggs and youngs

Fish

Ducks

Hens

Frog eggs

Fish eggs