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Wedge Pulley Door stopper Nail Knife Axe To stop objects from moving

c b a

d

M ake work easier Use less force

M ake work faster

Lever

Gear

c b
Wheel and axle

d

e f

Inclined plane

2 1

3

a

EXAMPLES

SIMPLE MACHINES

g

Screw

Formed by combining two or more simple machines

a

To fasten objects

d c

3

DEVICES THAT ALLOW US TO....

1 2

COMPLEX MACHINES

To cut objects

b
FUNCTIONS

2 1

WEDGE

a
To split objects apart
L

A E B
YEAR 6 UNIT 7

MAIN TYPES
Bigger than axle
1

F E

E

Less force needed to move the axle
2

L

F

Arm
F c d

Broom / Mop
E

Has 2 planes that form a sharp edge (a type of inclined plane)

Wheel

MACHINES (1/3)
Load Effort

a

A lever that rotates at the centre of the wheel
1 2

Axle

Turns when wheel turns

L E

Ice tongs

b a

b
Examples
Fulcrum 2 1

L

F

Tweezers
E Effort is between fulcrum (F) and Load (L)

D

C

1
a

To carry or move heavy objects
W hee ls W hee l Axle

Third class lever
L F E L F

c
CLASSES Second class lever
1 a Load Fulcrum

Nutcracker
F L

Papercutter
d c

3

WHEEL AND AXLE LEVER
1
Load and effort move in opposite directions

2

FUNCTION Steering wheel

b

W hee l

3
EXAMPLES

a b
Ferris wheel

E

2

Axle

Examples
b

Bottle opener
L E

2

Axle Load (L) Object moved by lever Turning poi nt

W hee l

Wheelbarrow
F E L F L F E Scissors

f e d
Force to move obje ct

c

Effort Load is between fulcrum (F) and effort (E)

a
FUNCTIONS

Fulcrum (F) Effort (E)

Door knob Tap Screwdriver
W hee l Axle

Hammer
c b a 2

First class lever Examples
Effort 1 Load

b
To lift heavy objects

a
To carry heavy objects
L Less effort needed to move object 1

Cross spanar

a

Axle

b
More effort needed to move object 1 F E W hen fulcrum is 2 further from the load 3

W hee l

Metal attached to nut is the axle Rotated like wheel

L F E 3 When effort is further from the fulcrum

F L E

Pliers

See-saw
Fulcrum (F) is between load (L) and effort(E) W hen fulcrum is near the load

2

E

F

L

When effort is near the fulcrum