slow down bacterial growth

b

kill bacteria into organic fertilisers

a

produce antibiotics Yeast

Very tiny living things

b
bacteria and fungi break down plants / animals remains

Medicine manufacture Fertilisers manufacture

In form of plants and animals

shapes
1

sizes
2 3

colours

air
1 2

water soil
3 4

1 2 3

Not seen by naked eye

a

3 2

singular = bacterium

Different

Habitat

other organisms

+ dough

bread / buns

Food manufacture
5 4

1

USES

UNSEEN LIVING THINGS

4 5

seen through microscopes breathe
a

a

b

c
plural = viruses Tiniest microorganism

s

Bacteria

+ tapioca / glutinous rice

tapai

b
Yeast

Undergo life processes

b c

move grow

a

b c

Seen through electron microscope
bacteria

+ soya bean + wheat + water

tempe

3 2 1

a

1

Virus

A
1

2

d
Infect other organisms

1 2 3 4 6 5

fungi protazoa plants animals humans

+ soya bean + salt + water  soya sauce vinegar + juices  alcoholic drinks

Bacteria
4 3 2

cheese

D
TYPES

soy sauce

yogurt

YEAR 5 UNIT 1

B
bread rice

fully grown

white patch black patch

mouldy orange
2

MICROORGANISMS (1/2)
Protozoa
e
Euglena
3 2

4

3
a

singular = fungus

oranges

rotten food
papaya 1

rotten fruits

mouldy bread seen as white or black patches Food turns bad warm moist
2 1

1

Examples

c
2 1

C
Examples
1

Fungi
a
singular = protozoan

b

Habitat

2 3

5

4

trees

On food

b a

d

G r ow

c

b

human skin

c
largest microorganisms Examples

forest floors

3

Conditions

CHARACTERISTICS
2

Paramecium Ameoba Lives by
2 1 1

Habitat
5 4 3 2 1

3

2

moulds

mushrooms ponds yeast

Move
c
By
2 balloon inflated by carbon dioxide

1

eating other microorganisms

b

making own food

human body

swamps rivers lakes

a

hair like /whip-like structure

1

changing body shape

away from enemies

Yeast / ballon experiment

d c

Breathe
a b
Yeast flour water yeast Dough = mixture of


yeast cells Eating a bacteria

towards food sources and water

sugar solution + yeast

dough rises

before

after

gives out carbon dioxide and fill in spaces in dough

takes in oxygen

direct contact microscopic mi te fever sore throat sneezing muscle pain cough runny nose headache

skin rash itchy rash

Spread by
b a

Symptoms
c

Caused by

eye pain swollen eye red eye Symptoms eye itch sticky eye discharge c b a

Scabies

Conjuctivitis

Spread by Caused by

direct contact neck swelling headache fever appetite loss ai r virus itchy rashes fever cough headache appetite loss air direct contact virus rashes fever

Symptoms Spread by Flu Caused by
3 4

virus Symptoms c

conjunctivitis

to prevent chicken pox contact with mumps microorganism
towel toothbrush comb b

To isolate people with disease for certain time period

For contageous disease
a

b c

to prevent direct contact with other people

Examples
a

sore throat runny nose cough muscle pain fever rashes rash itch direct contact virus

direct contact air virus

5

Mumps
a

b

Spread by Caused by

6 c

Symptoms
c

Symptoms Spread by

Do not share personal items to prevent flies bring in microorganisms

Qurantine patients

Spread by Caused by

b a

Measles

2

Disease Types and Characteristics
8 1

7

Chicken pox
a

b

Caused by Rubella
a c b

a

Cover foods

stomach pain nausea/vomiting

Symptoms Spread by
virus

9
to prevent infection Cover wounds

10
direct

Symptoms
c

9

diarrhoea contact bacteria

8 7
YEAR 5 UNIT 1

Spread by Caused by

b a

Stomach upset

air

Caused by

b

AIDS
c a b

virus

Symptoms Spread by

bacteria virus fungus infections by fever, sweating weight loss direct contact of blood to virus

to prevent micoorganism entering air

Cover mouth/ nose when sneezing

6

PREVENTION OF DISEASES
5

F

MICROORGANISMS (2/2)
E
HARMFUL EFFECTS

Illness / Disease

Caused by
virus

from body fluid containing virus

1

a
a b food drink air

Cook raw food before eating to kill germs

4

3

2

1

Bacteria / virus enters body
4

1

through
d di re ct c o nt a c t with

c

sick person p er s o na l ite ms

Boil water before drinking to kill germs
c

Prevent tooth decay Wash hands Store food in freezer
a c

a b

avoid sugary food brush teeth after meals

contageous if spread easily

3

2

4

3

2

produce toxins that cause illness

grow / reproduce inside body

floss teeth after meals Prevent microorganisms growing
cavity

use soap

b

After using toilet

Before handling food

Tooth decay

Food poisoning
Food Spoilage

a b

Forms cavity in teeth

c b a
Food turns bad
2 smelly 1 rotten

c b

a
Bacteria / fungi enters food Symptoms
4 3 1 2

food Bacteria ai r drink contaminated / virus enters 1 2 3 ha nd s body d through 5 4 contaminated u t e ns i l s

Acid produced dissolves teeth's surface

Bacteria in mouth react with sugar

grow / repoduce in food

houseflies /coackroaches stomach upset

diarrhoea vomitting

nausea