YEAR 5 UNIT 2

illegal hunting

c
deforestation

b a

Factors of Species Extinction

3

Importance of Plants/Animals Survival

D

natural disasters

SURVIVAL OF THE SPECIES (2/2)
scattering seeds / fruits

2

1
Plants / animals are the resources of food and raw materials

C
Dispersal

away from parent plants Near seas
a

If plants / animals become extinct, there will be resources shortage balsam ladies finger (okra) tamarind
d c b a

rivers
b

marshes
c

flame of the forest
e

PLANTS SURVIVAL
3

Fruits / seeds have special characteristics to help agents to disperse them

Plants Habitat
1 2 3

fruits/seeds carried away by water seed germinates into plant

seed carried by water

waxy skin

Examples

Explosive mechanism
2

Water
4

light Fruits' / seeds' Characteristics
c a a b

rubber mimosa Fruit split / curl, throw seeds

1
1

5

waxy skin, makes it waterproof so that water cannot enter Fruit contains air spaces enable it to float
husk contains air spaces waxy outer skin hard shell

d

a
d

Examples
b

When fruit mature, it becomes dry and hard urena hooks / prickles have spines (needle - like)
2

Not edible
4 3

METHODS OF DISPERSAL OF SEEDS AND FRUITS
b
c

pinang fruit (betel nut)

c

Coconut

Lotus seed pingpong fruit

love grass dry, light
1

Seeds' Characteristics

c
Seeds that stick to animals's body

spongy receptacle contains air spaces

detached, germinate, grow
seeds clinging

b a

seeds carried away by wind

carried far away from parent pants

3

1

Wind Animals
oranges tomato
seeds bright colour 3

2

seed germinates into plant when conditions are conducive

edible fragrant
e d f 2

2
Eat fruit and seed + pass out seeds in faeces
1

1
Eat fruit + discard seeds
b

Seeds' Characteristics
a c a b

fleshy

brightly coloured papaya

small, light, dry wing like structure orchid seed
1 2

fleshy fruit

c b

Fruits' / seeds' Characteristics
1 a

Discarded seeds germinate and grow
1

fine hairs

Fine hairs kapok
e d 2 1

hard seeds

hard seeds guava many small seeds

undigested seeds in faeces germinate and grow fragrant, pleasant durian smelling

Fruits' / seeds' Characteristics
5 4 3 2

flown easily

edible, can be eaten
c b

a

bat

Examples
b a

float in air
Examples
b a

c cotton seed dandelion

brightly coloured

squirrel fleshy fruits big seeds bird

lallang

oleander seed

shorea (meranti) seed

angsana seed
wing like structure

water melon cempedak strawberry, oranges mango rambutan mango seed

fine hairs wing like structure

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