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The OSI model also known as Open System Interconnection is a network structure with 7 different layers. They are: The Physical layer This is the first layer of the OSI model. This layer consists of sending and receiving data through cables, network cards (NIC) and other things you can physically touch. The Data link layer In this second layer, the data from the physical layer is turned into bits. This layer is split into two smaller ones, MAC (Media Access Control) and LLC (Logical Link Control) layers. The MAC layer is for data management on a computer on the network. The LLC layer does error checking, flow control and frame synchronising.
It interacts with the operating system whenever a user transfers data or other network-related activities. The Presentation Layer This layer allows data to be changed into a different form to solve compatibility on a network. The Session layer This layer establishes and terminates connections for data transferring between two nodes. The Application layer This is the last layer of the OSI model. .The Network layer This layer makes a virtual path for data to be transferred between nodes The Transport layer This layer makes sure there is a complete data transfer and fixes up end to end error recovery.