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Englres Final Paper

Englres Final Paper

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Published by: Paul Eivanhoe Alejandro on Dec 13, 2011
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01/15/2013

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Paul Eivanhoe Alejandro Paulo Nicole Dones

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Convergence Journalism It was during amid the 1990s that people tried to explore the internet and the technologies behind it. The World Wide Web seized the hearts of America‟s vision and anxiety (Boczkowski, 2005). As the Internet spreads rapidly around the globe, most maneuver of creating different news article are proceeding via Internet; gathering information and evidence, interviewing, editing, publishing, and even exchanging public issue. In other words, our world is leaning towards the Online-Journalism era. In just a period of one decade, online journalism became the central to peoples‟ lives and as a result, some have abandoned the print news. It was immediately recognized by Americans who began to retrieve the news online, enhancing the concept of the first nonprint newspaper (Boczkowski, 2005). According to Foust (2005) “The internet has been called the greatest advance for communication since the invention of the printing press.” (p.1). The capability of the Internet depends on its adjacency, the authority to give utterance to those who have no access with it (Chopman and Nuttall, 2011). The Internet was basically made in order for the masses to grasp more information in a quick and precise manner. When people talk about online journalism, it defines like a hypersonic wave version of the normal journalism. It all comes down on how flashy different information travels without losing its‟ reliability and content.

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Quinn and Filak (2005) stated that “Online journalism offers the immediacy of TV and radio ad the space to bring people the same amount of detail as in print publication. It‟s easy to use, and it‟s interactive. You can choose how much information you want and how you use it.” (p. 7) Journalism is the art of telling a story in a concise and simple manner. It is therefore a form of writing branded by direct presentation of concepts or picture of event and is designed for publication (Malinao, 2008). The traditional journalism has many forms such as newspaper and magazine articles. The invention of televisions and radios was also used as a form of journalism which also became a part of the next generation of traditional journalism. The online journalism that captured the hearts of different nations can also be expressed in different forms. The web can basically manage a broad range of forms which are versatile enough than the traditional ones (Stovall, 2004). Online news portrays almost the same thing we see and hear on televisions and radios respectively. The only difference is that online news can be viewed by the people as many times they want which means that information provided can be verified making it precise and accurate. Some online news has features such as online chats, polls and e-mail. Online chats create an interactive network that allows other participants and the reporters itself engage in conferences regarding the news events. Online polls create a quick survey which produces results bases on population that can distinguish the readers‟ opinion about the news. Email can be used to ask questions and suggestions

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Weblogs are very expressive that authors can post every detail they have to convey. The primary reason for that is because most weblogs are different opinions and from real life experiences from the authors. Weblogs are very powerful because most articles over the internet are taking this form. It is used to enhance the readers‟ minds on how 3 .” (p. It literally means blogging on the web. Most photojournalism shown is part of online news that indicates a scene of the related matter. One of the famous forms of online journalism is known as the weblog. It is basically information without words. And most of all.to authors.30). 2004). Photojournalism involves basically on sceneries and visionaries of photographs. Stovall (2007) mentions that “The Weblog is a powerful manifestation of the interactive qualities of the Web. and functions as a share button at the same time. and viewers can access it easily through the use of search engines. making the reader and editor and distributor at the same time (Stovall. it is very easy to use just like notepad or Microsoft Word. Many professional journalists nowadays take photojournalism to a higher level proving that the Web can also be a factor that leads to creativity (Stovall. It was indeed true and proven that weblogs are becoming more efficient factor to online journalism. They look organized and neat. Most website designers appreciate this form as it can create a very interactive place for people who visit the website. and many people believe that this interactivity will spark a dramatic change in journalism itself. 2004). One of the major examples is that most users prefer to read weblog posts than other forms of online journalism.

“This congruence of pressure to exploit the print business and pressure to innovate in the nonprint domain makes online papers a decisive case of how established media deal with new technologies. people are more eager to learn the information through videos and audios. 4) 4 . making it easier for us to understand. Pictures can also serve as real time proofs for viewers in order to access the information being delivered. videos and audios allow viewers to manifest the information that is being delivered. newspapers. It is the foundation of everything that man has invented and thus it is a very important part in journalism. Boczkowski (2005) mentions that. YouTube is one of the famous video websites that contains clips that can provide information to viewers. Both are interactive and can also serve as an entertainment as well. Furthermore. Compared to reading articles and news. Naturally. Since the web became acknowledged as the next stage of journalism. Printing newspapers and magazines can also be a part of historical documents.” (p. and the online journalism. man creates records and historical documents using pen and paper. Some journalists try to render their message through the form of videos and audios. Newspapers and magazines undergo the process known as the print in which creates hundreds and thousands of copy which will be distributed to readers. Videos and audios make it easier for viewers to understand the matter that is being discussed. televisions and radios. During ancient times.they picture the actual scene itself. there has been many comparisons and arguments regarding the traditional journalism which involves magazines.

This makes online journalism a way lot better than the traditional way.” The harder to define means that the web is gradually growing (p. Some might expect that the features of technology. 89). although online journalism created a better progress for information. The famous weblogs can be packaged as an overall for all the forms of online journalism. 2004). are becoming more complicated that people might not be able to handle it anymore. many journalists still prefer to do weblogs. The Web is continually flourishing with more information and more users which will eventually become an important factor in the advancement of the web in the future (Stovall. But still. the same also goes for modern journalism. Nonetheless. TVs and radios are a very important part of the progression of journalism as they provide the same information as online journalism. as it grows. providing information and having a good interface design are both necessary in order to attract viewers. Accessing weblogs is always a few clicks away from one‟s computer while acquiring newspapers and magazines requires a lot of effort and money. As much as how technology grows significantly. The generations nowadays prefer information that can be acquired in a fast way while being entertained at the same time. 2005).People feel like they witness the whole scene in TVs and radios. This is why most people spend kachings for designers and developers. news websites have become more difficult to define or even categorize. however they are very passive because information can be missed easily when people get distracted (Quinn and Filak. Stovall (2004) states that “As the Web travels through its second decade and develops in new and sometimes unexpected ways. Although it requires a lot of work. Online journalism is always equipped with advanced tools and materials. But the 5 .

The Filipinos experienced this during Marcos‟ reign during 1980‟s. Although. but he/she should also consider on how the audience will react to it. So online journalism doesn‟t only take account on what the author feels. For a democratic country like the Philippines. now it is up to us to handle the information properly. We are provided with innovated technology. 2008). People can react through comments and post replies. The Philippine masses are very glad on how the country approaches the use of information. especially the younger ones.good thing is that people still try their best to maximize its capabilities and implement it well. This is a symbol that Filipinos are being interactive and they care for the welfare of their surroundings. The society became very expressive of ideas and thoughts. Another is that it literally creates a “New Public Sphere” that leans toward democracy (Sungwoo. and it continues to be delivered throughout the present generation. Freedom is a very valuable word from the previous generation. 6 . A good example is that many are posting about their insights through the twitter account of local media channels. but also for mobile devices. The Philippines already know what it feels like to be under such great power that hinders their rights. Just imagine how many archives we can make for only a single day. Information travels like a speed of light nowadays and can be accessed not only through desktops and laptops. Filipinos are very expressive when it comes to freedom and democracy. it is always important on what the society thinks and feels. there are times that the media content is explicit and not healthy for readers and viewers.

This primarily creates a bigger variety of information. they could meet in offline world.One of the major advantages of online journalism is. although it can cause information overload. we are no longer limited in a newspaper page. In addition. Some may not realize. there is a variety of sources to read and can be further proven by journalists. It means readers can choose whatever they are interested in and read only that. which invisibly creates a relationship between the author and the reader. which can be seen in what we call websites. But still. and feel sympathy toward each other more strongly and finally. Furthermore. Information is quite fragile and journalists should know how to handle it properly. so called reality. As Stovall (2004) stated that “The 7 . As mentioned earlier. unlike newspapers. This means that journalists have all the freedom to encode all the necessary information they need to share without worrying about the space limit. Acquiring information is just like a cycle in which they search for reliable sources in order to improve and integrate the information. Journalists must view information carefully because they are more precious than diamonds and pearls. The greatest opportunity that online journalism brings is the possibility of direct interactivity. Another form of interactive communication is between reader and information. there are different forms such as polls. but reading articles online can create a bond that shares different views and opinions with each other. There was certain information that cannot be proven in the past but can be proven today. forums and chats that can create conversations within the readers. We always look back in the past in order to create a better future. the reader can become a more active being. they could make public opinion and express it. Journalists use different sources in order to share what they have learned.

and what our relationship with the audience is. widely known as the College of Computer Studies was the controlled variable in this experimental study in order for consistency of perspectives to take place. There is a boost of how we can accept much information in such a small period of time without exerting any effort. Gender which is taking the place of being male or female is also kept controlled. analyze it. 34-35). process and distribute information. if not force. The viewers should know how to recognize the author of articles and news. Google is one of the most famous search engines out there.” (p. Hall (2001) mentions that “As the web‟s audiences increase and broaden so its coverage becomes general. we come across different articles that catch our attentions. This is to show respect to the one who put through a lot of hard work with it. CCS.12) Most viewers/masses find different articles and posts by using different search engines. especially to students of this generation. and apply it to school. Our job now is to understand the information and put it in good use. Online journalism has become a part of our everyday life. It is good to see that most students are aware on how to access information. A survey regarding online journalism had been conducted by the researchers for the students of De La Salle University – College of Computer Studies. (pp. It has become a mass medium drawing the content that we have come to expect of a mass medium”. 8 .development of web journalism will allow. journalists to examine some basic questions about how we gather. Through search engines.

On the other hand. with the information gathered through this said survey. online news as second.. etc. which is composed of the books. conversely. However. forums. videos and/or audios ranked first. etc. It was found that different online information gathering. because it is fast. they believed that majority of population doesn‟t have knowledge with computers. and weblogs and online forums ranked fourth and fifth respectively. 69% [18] of those who prefer modern manner of information gathering does not completely believe that the notions and concepts provided in the Internet or the World Wide Web is reliable. 87% [26] agrees that the existence of webloging (blogging). photojournalism and videos/audios. Most of them believed that it is because online journalism provides faster and easier access to information and updates. precise and accurate. convenient. online news and other forms of online journalism is relevant for the Philippine masses. it was also figured out that 86% [26] prefer the modern way of gathering information whereas only 13% [4] prefer the traditional way. third as photojournalism. forums. online news. In this survey. accurate to have security of published sources than having abstract (intangible) online sources. believes that it is more trustworthy. is a big factor to Philippine online journalism. online news.In the survey that the researchers conducted. which is composed of weblogs. 50% [2] of those who select 9 . the modern way. it was found out that out of 30 respondents. By doing some statistical methods with the surveys on hand. According to the survey conducted. and basically have all of the information necessary for them to search on. the standing of those who prefer the traditional way. However. namely weblogs. is preferred by the respondents more. newspapers. 13% [4] of the respondents believed otherwise. magazines. but 35% [9] does.

This took hand in hand with the researchers‟ stand as well. Nevertheless. The respondents who perceive that the information fed over the Internet are unreliable consider so. unreliable – over some cases. because they perceive that these materials are changeable and may contain fallacy for all those who can access the Internet can show and write up an article claiming it to be true. Google. it is seen that nowadays. The researchers‟ stand is that the preferences of the masses concerning online journalism is a real deal. easy to explore. and uncertain. but 50% [2] otherwise. it is also said that this type of journalism is not perfect.traditional system of information gathering believes that the information showed over the Internet are reliable. 10 . With these results from the survey performed.). online journalism is more preferable by CCS students than the traditional and hard-to-search books and papers.e. availability. etc. While those who see it reliable enough believe that these are trustworthy enough because they know how to choose the facts and the sources over the Internet which are dependable and are from well-known sources (i. MSN. precise and accurate due to the freedom of the masses and/or journalists to express their thoughts as to what they may claim as true. precise and accurate. modern online journalism is still not completely believed as reliable. These findings from the surveys do not shoulder the totality of the stand and perception of all the students of De La Salle University for the sample size was much smaller than the actual population of the said university. However. this so-called. with these notions on hand. etc. big explosion for this type of journalism possesses the properties like accessibility. Yahoo!. fast.

it is not impossible to have the death of newspapers to come near. With the progress of the Internet. Also. And with these obvious evidences. it is safe to state that people are indeed part of the gradual development of life and technology. Outcomes are uncertain. and experimenting. It really verifies that life is messy and disorganized. as once said by Mackay. there is a possibility for the death of the newspapers and/or the books. relationships between different aspects are complicated. a lot of our things and materials are currently associated with the computer. Life is messy. In time. In the current standing of this digital age. journalism grew from simple piece of paper. to intangible displays on LCDs. As journalism grows.). predictions pertaining to such for the future have risen from the abstract of thoughts of the researchers as well. Over the years. results and products are unsure and uncertain. the journalism itself. Relationships are complex. nothing is perfect. True enough. As the process of perfection with regards to journalism.d.“Nothing is perfect. specifically. People are irrational” (Mackay. because people are indeed irrational. or simply the traditional way. as the people go along the information or digital age. inventions will keep on going 11 . especially regarding aspects of one‟s life. The people today evidently are part of the foundation of making this Digital Age solid – through continual information gathering. n. magazines. where a person could have any information he wished to as long as he provide the data necessary for the search to be done or have any information he wanted to share with everybody online. it can be clearly distinguished that this piece of paper is holding up to the paving way of a concrete „Information Age‟ or more characterized as the „Digital Age‟.

Online journalism will continue to grow as much as how people grow with it. One click is just the constraint to access and share information over the Internetwork. The possibility of death of the newspapers can be economically helpful by saving trees and protecting our mother earth. Journalism will fully adapt and depend on the Web further enhancing the technology of online journalism.and discoveries will keep on trend. Technology is gradually growing and it keeps improving from time to time. it is very difficult to distinguish if it is genuine or not. hence. Online journalism is not harmful as most people think. we will be throwing the foundation and fundamentals of journalism itself. However. It is true enough that with so much information. 12 . truth will prevail. We discover and search something interesting that can captivate our minds. With so much information around us. This is the reason why people should be wise enough on how to approach the information they obtain. everything hidden will surely exist as a piece of information over the Internet as a form of online journalism article. the unexpected growth of journalism can both potentially become important or harmful for the society. We all want to learn something new around us. Looking ahead can let you see what online journalism is really digging for. Whether the information is important or potentially harmful. Hence. in time. It is our own duty to maintain the originality and savor of the information. the existence of the traditional manner of journalism is really coming to an end. We cannot control anymore the flow and spread of information. There will always be a speculation or possibility that newspaper might someday be discarded. we cannot hide the truth of accessibility to online journalism comes with such power to disseminate information. Another thing is that in time.

Traditional manner of journalism 2. Journalism in the Digital Age B. Audio and Video II.Thesis Statement: The expeditious growth of online journalism allows the computerliterate masses to differentiate the difference between the traditional one. By journalists 13 . Definition B. Foundation of Online Journalism 1. Webloging 3. Impact on Society 1. Body A. The Old Way vs. Benefits of the Masses 2. Ease of Information Dissemination C. History 2. expand one‟s knowledge and apply its relevance to the society. Forms 1. Outline: I. Online News 2. Introduction A. How it‟s being used and viewed 1. Exercising Democracy 3. New Way 1. Photojournalism 4.

Progress of Information 1. Audience preferences 2. Relevance for the audience 2. Reliability for the audience IV.2. Efficiency of online journalism B. Modern way B. How Filipinos Accept Online Journalism 1. Preference for online information gathering 2. Access of the masses to important/potentially harmful information 14 . Death of newspapers 2. Survey A. Conclusion A. By the masses III. Survey Analysis 1. Traditional way Vs. Prediction for future of online journalism 1.

forums. Do you think the existence of webloging. Gender 1. 15-males) College of Computer Studies Students Variable: College. online news and other forms of online journalism is relevant for the Philippine masses to be updated on the happenings in the society? No Yes 0 2 2 13 13 5 10 15 Female Male Male 1 5 7 1 1 Accessibility Doesn't Involve News Doesn't Reach the Masses Fast Image of Country 15 .Appendix Topic: Online Journalism N: 30(15-females.

Rank the following according to your usage for online information gathering. Forums. Photojournalism. Videos/Audios) Male Weblogs 1 2 3 Videos/Audios 4 5 6 Online News 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Photojournalism Forums 16 . Online News. (Weblogs.Female 1 1 6 Accessibility Convenience 6 1 Fast Inaccessibility Society has no Knowledge 2.

Which do you prefer in gathering information? Modern Way Traditional Way 0 1 3 5 10 12 14 Female Male 15 Male 3 1 5 Accessibility Convenience Efficiency 6 Reliability & Accuracy 17 .Female Weblogs 1 2 3 Videos/Audios 4 5 6 Online News 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Photojournalism Forums 3.

Changeable 3 Reliable Enough 18 .Female 1 4 Accessibility Convenience 9 Reliability & Accuracy 4. are the information provided in the Internet (World Wide Web) is reliable. precise and accurate? No Yes 0 4 5 7 8 11 Female Male 10 15 Male 5 7 False Information Open to all. In your own perspective.

Female 2 1 Availability 5 7 False Information Open to all. Changeable Reliable Enough 19 .

Inc.C. G. Practice and Promise of a New Medium. (2008.html Malinao. 8 October 2011: www. C. N.com/files/arao-journalism. 3 November 2011: www. A critical planner. J. P. Nuttall. Hall. Digitizing the News. Journalism for Filipinos. & Chapman. J.dannyarao. BrainyQuote. Sungwoo. (n. J. (2008). A Themed History. Philippines: National Bookstore. Convergent Journalism. 8 October 2011: www. Online Journalism: Principles and Practices of News for the Web. (2005). (2005). Arizona: Holcomb Hathaway.com. Online Journalism. (2005). Journalism Today. Personal Observations. The Practice of Online Journalism in the Philippines. United States of America: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Foust. India: Ho Printing (M) Sdn Bhd Quinn.d. United States of America: Pearson Education.brainyquote. (2004). V. L.com/quotes/quotes/h/hughmackay231481. Impact of Online Journalism. A. London: Pluto Press Hugh Mackay.nopublic. (2001). Web Journalism. A. & Filak. J. J. P.References Arao. (2011).). Inc. Publishers.pdf Boczkwoski. (2006 September 25). Pondicherry.com/opinions/impact-online-journalism 20 . January 3). An Introduction Stovall.

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