Chapter

2

Nursing Education, Research, and Evidence-Based Practice
Kozier & Erb's Fundamentals of Nursing, 8e Berman, Snyder, Kozier, Erb Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 1
Which of the following is an example of continuing education for nurses? Attending the hospital’s orientation program. Talking with a company representative about a new piece of equipment. Completing a workshop on ethical aspects of nursing. Obtaining information about the facility’s new computer charting system.
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

2. 3. 4. 5.

Rationales 1
• Hospital orientation is an example of inservice education. Talking with a company representative is an example of in-service education. Correct. Continuing education refers to formalized experiences designed to enlarge the knowledge or skills of practitioners. Obtaining information about the facility’s new computer charting system is an example of in-service education.
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 2
2. 3. 4. 5. Which of the following is a nursing responsibility when critiquing published nursing research? Assuming that the research was properly conducted since it has been published. Evaluating whether the findings are applicable to the nurse’s own clients. Implementing the research findings if at least two studies have shown the same results. Requesting the raw data from the researchers so that the nurse can analyze the statistics again.
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Rationales 2
• • Published studies may have flawed designs, data collection, or analysis. Correct. Since the primary purpose of research is to improve the quality of client care, the nurse should determine if published research results are applicable to the specific client population. Although more than one well-conducted study with similar findings supports usefulness of the results, applicability must still be determined for the specific client population. It is not realistic for the nurse to rerun the data to check the results of the study.
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 5
An 85-year-old client in a nursing home tells a nurse, “I signed the papers for that research study because the doctor was so insistent and I want him to continue taking care of me.” Which client right is being violated? Right not to be harmed. Right to full disclosure. Right of privacy and confidentiality. Right of self-determination.
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

2. 3. 4. 5.

Rationales 5
• • • • There is not enough information to know if this right has been violated. There is not enough information to know if this right has been violated. There is not enough information to know if this right has been violated. Correct. The right of self-determination means that subjects feel free of constraints, coercion, or any undue influence to participate in a study.
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Types of Nursing Education
• Practical or vocational nursing • Registered nursing
– Diploma – Associate degree – Baccalaureate

• Graduate nursing
– Masters – Doctoral

• Continuing education and in-service education
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Continuing Education

What is the definition of continuing education What is the purpose of continuing education? What are the licensure requirements for continuing education in our area?

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Participation in Research
• Purpose
– ANA standards – Evidence-based practice (EBP)

• Degree of participation

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Types of Nursing Research
• Quantitative Progresses through systematic, logical steps Specific plan Controlled conditions Statistical analysis Qualitative • Naturalistic inquiry • Explores human experiences • Identifies themes and patterns

• • •

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Protection of Rights of Human Subjects
• Safeguard the following rights
– Right not to be harmed – Right to full disclosure – Right to selfdetermination – Right of privacy and confidentiality

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

The Quantitative Research Process
1. State a research question or problem 2. Define the purpose or rationale 3. Review the literature 4. Formulate a hypothesis and defining variables 5. Select a research design
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

The Qualitative Research Process
1. Collect narrative data through interviews or observations 2. Transcribe the data 3. Organize data around some type of categorization scheme to present a description or theory

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 1
Which of the following is an example of continuing education for nurses? Attending the hospital’s orientation program. Talking with a company representative about a new piece of equipment. Completing a workshop on ethical aspects of nursing. Obtaining information about the facility’s new computer charting system.
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

2. 3. 4. 5.

Rationales 1
• • • Hospital orientation is an example of inservice education. Talking with a company representative is an example of in-service education. Correct. Continuing education refers to formalized experiences designed to enlarge the knowledge or skills of practitioners. Obtaining information about the facility’s new computer charting system is an example of in-service education.
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 2
2. 3. 4. 5. Which of the following is a nursing responsibility when critiquing published nursing research? Assuming that the research was properly conducted since it has been published. Evaluating whether the findings are applicable to the nurse’s own clients. Implementing the research findings if at least two studies have shown the same results. Requesting the raw data from the researchers so that the nurse can analyze the statistics again.

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Rationales 2
• • Published studies may have flawed designs, data collection, or analysis. Correct. Since the primary purpose of research is to improve the quality of client care, the nurse should determine if published research results are applicable to the specific client population. Although more than one well-conducted study with similar findings supports usefulness of the results, applicability must still be determined for the specific client population. It is not realistic for the nurse to rerun the data to check the results of the study.
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 5
An 85-year-old client in a nursing home tells a nurse, “I signed the papers for that research study because the doctor was so insistent and I want him to continue taking care of me.” Which client right is being violated? Right not to be harmed. Right to full disclosure. Right of privacy and confidentiality. Right of self-determination.
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

2. 3. 4. 5.

Rationales 5
• • • • There is not enough information to know if this right has been violated. There is not enough information to know if this right has been violated. There is not enough information to know if this right has been violated. Correct. The right of self-determination means that subjects feel free of constraints, coercion, or any undue influence to participate in a study.
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Resources
• Audio Glossary • Nursing Net This is a comprehensive Web page dedicated to the profession of nursing. • Nursing Center This Web page offers on-line nursing resources. • National Institute of Nursing Research This site offers information on nursing research and is run by the National Institutes of Health.

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Resources
• AACN-CCNE-CCNE Accreditation American Association of Colleges of Nurses official site, with school accreditation information • National Council of State Boards of Nursing This site offers information on the NCLEX examination and on the state boards of nursing. • HealthWeb This site links to health information on the Internet. • National League for Nurses This site offers information on programs, workshops, conferences, and nursing legislation.
Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Resources

• Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HI

This site identifies the ramifications of HIPAA and its impact on the nursing profession. • Health Care Quality: Patient's Rights and Responsibiliti This site defines patient's rights as outlined in the Consumer Advisory Commission on Consumer Protection and Quality in the Health Care Industry.

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Resources
This page describes the rationale of the AACN's stance on the BSN as entry into the nursing profession.

• The Baccalaureate Degree in Nursing as Minimal Prepa

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

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