A Brief History of the Hotel Industry

400 A.1600) .Cyclical History of Early Hotel Industry Roman Empire (30 BC .D) Medieval (500 .1300) Dark Ages (400 .500 ) Renaissance (1300 .

and travelers First true commercial “hotel”  .1750 BC)   Hotel in Olympus for visitors to games (4th century BC) Caravanseri (Persia 200 BC)    Caravan “inn” or “Palace” Fortified area that housed animals.History of Early Hotel Industry  Sumerians (2500 BC) – “Houses of the go far people” Code of Hammurabi (1792 . goods.

000 miles  Monasteries (400 – 1300 AD) Henry VIII Act of Supremacy (1534)   Abolished monasteries.History of Early Hotel Industry  Roman Empire (265 BC – 400 AD)   Religious & Military Travel Market Segmentation: Mansio to Taberna  China (250 BC – 100 AD)  Post houses/hotels every 10 miles for nearly 300. Inn keeping flourishes .

History of Early Hotel Industry  _______________ (1353)   Guild of 235 Inn keepers Travelers met at city gate and escorted to appropriate inn Ye Olde Fighting Cocks in St. Albans – Oldest Inn (800 AD) London (1384) – Innkeepers were responsible for the behavior of their guests  England    Railway Hotels  Built at every major terminal during the 19th century .

1920) Motel Age Growth (1950’s) (1960 & 70) Recovery (1990’s) WW II (1940’s) Recession (1980’s) 9-11 Depression (1930’s) .Cyclical History of Hotels in America Golden Age (1920’s) WW I (1910’s) Early America (1600 .

“City Hotel” .Boston.Firsts in America  First Inn (1634) .“Coles Ordinary” .New York City  The Tremont House (1829) – First luxury class hotel  Private rooms with locks on the door  ___________________ (1908) – First modern hotel  Slogan: “A room and a bath for a dollar and a half”  Early taverns were unofficial City Halls  The Queens Head – Plotted the Boston Tea Party . MA  First Hotel (1794) .

Statler (1908) – Buffalo Statler Hotel • Father of American Hotel Industry Conrad Hilton (1919) • Banker’s Mentality Kemmons Wilson (1952) • Holiday Inns .Innovators & Leaders Fred Harvey (1876) • Harvey House Hotels Ellsworth M.

Golden Age of Hotels  Unprecedented Building and Occupancy 1930’s . 93% occupancy .World War II  No materials for expansion.Great Depression  85% of hotels in receivership or liquidation 1940’s .History of American Hotels 1920’s .

Howard Johnsons.History of American Hotels 1950’s .Growth of Motel Chains Reasons for increased travel after WW II: 1.Growth of Hotel Chains  Hyatt. Marriott . Pent-up Demand 2. Transportation Improvements  Interstate Highway Act of 1956 3. _______________ 1960’s . Desire to Travel 4.

2001 .Recovery • Product Segmentation & Over Expansion • Expanding Markets & Mergers Sept.Prosperity & Recession 1990’s . 11.Growth of Franchising • Market Segmentation 1980’s .History of American Hotels 1970’s .Major Decrease Recovery began in 2004 .

1946) Wide Open Gambling Act (1931) The Mob (1940’s .Cyclical History of Las Vegas Howard Hughes (1967) Mega-Resorts (1990’s) 9-11 Flamingo (1946) Glitter Gulch (1931 .1970’s) Corporate Control (1980’s) .

Slow ---.Boom .Las Vegas History 1931 . Mirage 1990-Present – Boom ---.Howard Hughes 1980’s .Wide Open Gambling Act 1941 .Fabulous Flamingo 1967 .Corporate Control & Mega Resorts • MGM.El Rancho Vegas • Jim Cashman & Tommy Hull • Bugsy Siegel 1946 . Hilton.

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