HYPERNATREMIA

"You Are Fried" F - Fever (low), flushed skin R - Restless (irritable) I - Increased fluid retention & increased BP E - Edema (peripheral and pitting) D - Decreased urinary output, dry mouth
Can also use this one:

Hyperkalemia
Signs & Symptoms Increased Serum K+ MURDER M - Muscle weakness U - Urine, oliguria, anuria RRespiratory distress D - Decreased cardiac contractility E - ECG changes R - Reflexes, hyperreflexia, or areflexia (flaccid)

HYPERKALEMIA Causes
Increased Serum K+

of

“Machine" M - Medications - ACE inhibitors,
NSAIDS

A - Acidosis - Metabolic and respiratory C - Cellular destruction - Burns,
traumatic injury

SALT S = Skin flushed A = Agitation L = Low-grade fever T = Thirst

H – Hypoaldosteronism/ hemolysis I - Intake - Excessive N - Nephrons, renal failure E - Excretion - Impaired

HYPOCALCEMIA
“CATS” C - Convulsions A- Arrhythmias T - Tetany S - Spasms and stridor Cancer Assessment CAUTION C: Change in bowel/ bladder habits A: A sore that doesn’t heal U: Unusual bleeding or discharge T: Thickening or lump I: Indigestion or difficulty swallowing O: Obvious changes in a wart or mole N: Nagging cough or hoarseness.

Sx’s minor bleeding: BEEP B: Bleeding gums E: Ecchymoses (bruises) E: Epistaxis (nosebleed) P: Petechiae (tiny purplish spots) ABG's:

. "HOOK" for serum sickness: each letter stands for a key sign or symptom of serum sickness. F: Fever A: Arthralgias R: Rash M: Malaise Respiratory depression inducing drugs "STOP breathing": Sedatives and hypnotics Trimethoprim Opiates Polymyxins

ROME
Respiratory Opposite Metabolic Equal

COPD:
blue bloater vs. pink puffer diseases

Croup: symptoms 3 S's: Stridor Subglottic swelling Seal-bark cough

Neonatal resuscitation: successive steps
"Do What Pediatricians Say To, Or Be Inviting Costly Malpractice"

emPhysema has letter P (and not B) so Pink Puffer. chronic Bronchitis has letter B (and not P) so Blue Bloater.

Drying Warming Positioning Suctioning Tactile stimulation Oxygen Bagging Intubate endotracheally Chest compressions Medications Asthma: management of acute severe “O-SHIT” O- oxygen (high dose: >60%) S- salbutamol (5mg via oxygen-driven
nebuliser)

Asthma acute attack: Pneumonia: risk factors 5 life threatening signs SHOCK: INSPIRATION: Immunosuppression Silent chest Neoplasia Hypotension Secretion retention One third of best/predicted PFR Pulmonary oedema Cyanosis Impaired alveolar Konfusion macrophages RTI (prior) Antibiotics & cytotoxics Tracheal instrumentation IV dug abuse Other (general debility, immobility) Neurologic impairment of cough reflex, (eg NMJ disorders) RDS -Respiratory distress syndrome in Lung cancer: main sites for distant infants: major risk factors PCD metastases BLAB: (Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia, a Bone cause of Respiratory distress Liver syndrome): Adrenals Prematurity Brain Cesarean section Diabetic mother

H- Hydrocortisone (or prednisolone) I - Ipratropium bromide (if life
threatening)

T- theophylline (or preferably
aminophylline-if life threatening

Pneumothorax: sx P-THORAX: Pleuretic pain Trachea deviation Hyperresonance Onset sudden Reduced breath sounds (& dypsnea) Absent fremitus X-ray shows collapse

Bronchi: which one is more vertical "Inhale a bite, goes down the right" Inhaled objects more likely to lodge in right bronchus, since it is the one that is more vertical. Shortness of breath: short differential AAAA PPPP: Airway obstruction Angina Anxiety Asthma Pneumonia Pneumothorax Pulmonary Edema Pulmonary Embolus TB: antibiotics used STRIPE: STreptomycin Rifampicin Isoniazid Pyrizinamide Ethambutol Pulmonary edema: tx MAD DOG Morphine Aminophylline Digitalis Diuretics Oxygen GGases in blood (ABG's)

Beta-1 vs Beta-2 receptor location "You have 1 heart and 2 lungs": Beta-1 are therefore primarily on heart. Beta-2 primarily on lungs. Respiratory co anaesthesia: patients at risk COUPLES: COPD Obese Upper abdominal surgery Prolonged bed rest Long surgery Elderly Smokers Ascultation: crackles (rales) "PEBbles": Pneumonia Edema of lung Bronchiti

Wheezing: causes ASTHMA: Asthma Small airways disease Tracheal obstruction Heart failure Mastocytosis or carcinoid Anaphylaxis or allergy
Dyspnea: differential 3A's: Three Airways: Airway obstruction, Anaphylaxis, Asthma 3P's: Three Pulmonary's: Pneumothorax, PE, Pulmonary edema 3C's: Three Cardiacs: Cardiogenic pulmonary edema, Cardiac ischemia, Cardiac tamponade 3M's: Three Metabolics: (DOC) DKA, Organophosphates, Carbon monoxide poisoning

treat viral respiratory infections "You'd get a respiratory
drugs to

infection if you shoot an ARO (arrow) laced with viruses into the lungs":

ARO: Amantadine Rimantadine Oseltamivir

Kubler-Ross dying process: stages "Death Always Brings Great
Acceptance":

Denial Anger Bargaining Grieving Acceptance

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