Reverend Collins Church

Matt Kauzlaric I-Wei Kuo Kyle Maier Samar Omari Dillan Powell Jackie Rutter Liz Treutel We are creating a brief to inform design and building of an economical and sustainable church for Reverend Collins congregation. The goal for this project is to revive the community in the Lower Ninth Ward that has been devastated by Hurricane Katrina. How this will be achieved: Financial Plan Political Process Plan Construction Documents Policy and Code Review Professional Contacts

Action Plan
Rebuild a community to bring people back to the Lower Ninth Ward Bible Study Sunday School Choir/ Music Church Picnics Rebuild to Sustain Create an affordable solution Reclaimed Materials Non-Profit Construction organizations Habitat for Humanity Architecture for Humanity Make it Right Global Green Steel Frame Construction Creating a sustainable building that will adapt to changing environments Elevating the Structure Hurricane Proof Construction Flexible structural design

Evaluation, Weaknesses and Alternatives:
Funding/Fundraising Bake Sale Business Sponsors Car Wash

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Zoning Reliable Professional Resources Multi-use space Worship space with flexible uses Choir Room/ Music space Class Room/ Sunday school

Political Process:
Zoning Code Research Planning Commission

Financial Plan:
Working with local organizations NENA Holy Cross Neighborhood Association CSED (Center for Sustainable Engagement and Development) Lower Ninth Ward Homeowners Association Lower Ninth Ward Neighborhood Council, Inc Find partner to write grant proposal (Local Organization) Use small initial grants to attempt to bring in larger grants Construction Material and Labor Costs Steel Structure Cost Foundation/ Site Analysis Exterior Materials

Spatial Analysis Plan:
Create an Architectural plan to discuss the dimensional organizational strategies Building Use Plans

Report Introduction
This report is a collection of research, resources, and suggestions to help Reverend Collins and his church rebuild their worship space and congregation, which will help revive the community around it and help create a sustainable church. Reverend Collins’s church located on the corner of Caffin Avenue and Galvez Street was destroyed by the flooding sustained in the Lower Ninth Ward during Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Due to lack of funding, the congregation is still unable to rebuild six years later and is currently holding services in other church buildings around the New Orleans area. This report details the steps that can be taken to rebuild and revive the church and community by reviewing similar projects that have been successful, mapping out the stakeholders involved in the process, and targeting the main road blocks in the rebuilding process and suggesting strategies to overcome them.
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Review of Literature
Resources: Churches Supporting Churches http://www.cscneworleans.org/giving.html Churches Supporting Churches is an organization that is committed to bringing churches together in order to help restore churches that have become destroyed during Hurricane Katrina. The organization helps strengthen the congregation, physically rebuild the church, and help the church strengthen the community. Through this program, churches are paired up with partnering or adoptive churches from across the country. NENA: Neighborhood Empowerment Network Association http://www.9thwardnena.org/ NENA is an organization that is focused on revitalizing the Lower Ninth Ward by offering profession support and guidance to individuals or groups looking to rebuild. They help with steps from planning to financing to picking reliable contractors. The Greater New Orleans Foundation http://www.gnof.org/ The GNOF is an organization whose goal “is to create a resilient, sustainable, vibrant community in which individuals and families flourish and in which the special character of the New Orleans region and its people is preserved, celebrated, and given the means to develop.” They provide various workshops on receiving grants, how to create fundraising plans and provide professional advisers as well as help connect donors to those in the community who need aid. LISC: Local Initiatives Support Corporation http://www.lisc.org/section/aboutus This organization is looking to help revive devastated neighborhoods into sustainable communities, by providing technical and management assistance as well as helping individuals and groups find the resources they need to rebuild. Holy Cross Neighborhood Association http://www.npnnola.com/associations/neighborhoods/view/173/holy-cross-neighborhoodassociation Mission-Established in 1981, the mission of the Holy Cross Neighborhood Association is to make our community the best place in the city to live and raise a family. Current issues Holy Cross Neighborhood Association is addressing and may help with the Church: Blight and Code Enforcement Community Health Cultural and Community Facilities Economic Development Housing Infrastructure and Public Transportation Law Enforcement Public Education Quality of Life, Preservation, and Zoning Re-population and Membership 3 
 

Youth Engagement Meetings are every second and fourth Thursday from 5:30pm – 7:00pm @ The Greater Little Zion Missionary Baptist Church, 5130 Chartres Street (at Lizardi) Precedents: All Souls Episcopal Church “St. Walgreens” http://www.allsoulsnola.org/ All Souls Episcopal Church is located in the Lower Ninth Ward and is an example of a church that was devastated during Hurricane Katrina and has rebuilt with strength. The physical structure was destroyed and the church grew back, initially through meetings in garages and has grown to a permanent residence in a former Walgreens building. The Church has many support groups that have help revive the community such as, youth groups, counseling, family nights, a community orchestra, and tutoring programs. Besides this church’s success as a good example of how a church can help revive the community, it is an innovative use of an existing building to house a church.

Methodology

Stakeholders: There are many stakeholders at play in the rebuilding of the church. From a micro, there is the Congregation and Reverend Collins. These two groups want to see the church rebuilt; that is simple enough if it were not for the other stakeholders involved.
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City of New Orleans- Whatever decisions in the design and planning process, the city of New Orleans is involved. From codes and regulations, to zoning and transportation the city has an impact. Surrounding Business- The area where the site for the church is located was for the most part destroyed during Katrina. The lack of businesses that have rebuilt can play apart in the rebuilding of the church. Neighbors- The congregation for the most part were the people living in the Lower Ninth Ward. With many not coming back following Katrina, the question is what is left of the congregation? Surrounding Baptist Churches- Churches, like All Saints, provide information to us on how to rebuild this church. But the issue at hand is how many Baptist churches does an area need, with families not coming back to the Lower Ninth Ward? Other Community Groups- Community groups like NENA, provide some information on how to finance building homes in the area. They can help with steps from planning to financing to picking reliable contractors. They are stakeholders, in a sense, because they want people like Reverend Collins to come back and rebuilt what was lost. Financial Institution- Funding is important issue to address. Reverend Collins does not have the funds right now to rebuild. So having a financial plan is important. One place to get money is the bank. For the bank to provide funding, they have to see that they can get a return in their investment. Insurance Companies- The insurance companies have stake in the church as well. For them to insure again the building must meet code and also see that the structure is stable enough to sustain another disaster. Funding: An idea for funding can come from the All Souls Episcopal Church aka “St. Walgreens”, who created a wish list on their website, as an area for people to view items that are needed in their church. This allows possible donors or those who have access to these resources to be aware of the aid that they may be able to provide to the church. Many other options for funding are also available. The first step for subsidization of this new construction would be to contact the active community organizations and city governmental agencies. These groups have the experience and authority to connect this project with many grants, low or no interest loans, or fundraising aid. Some of these organizations, as listed above, include NENA, Habitat for Humanity, Make it Right, Holy Cross Neighborhood Association, CSED (Center for Sustainable Engagement and Development), Lower Ninth Ward Homeowners Association, Lower Ninth Ward Neighborhood Council and the City of New Orleans. Within the congregation, many creative fundraising ideas could be used. One example that is a popular way for churches to raise money is to have individuals, families, organizations or businesses sponsor a pew. This is a way for the community to have permanent recognition within the church and to give people the opportunity to help their community in a way which many could afford. Overall, the first steps to the funding processes are to work with major stakeholders such as the congregation, local businesses, the City of New Orleans, neighbors, surrounding churches, financial institutions, volunteer organizations and contractors to get all groups on board with the project so that they can have a chance to bring their assets and possible contributions to the table.
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Applying For Federal Grant: http://www.grants.gov/ A Grant is a sum of money awarded by a funder. In this case, it is the federal government. A Grant Application/Proposal is a request for monetary support, submitted in writing to a government agency, foundation or corporation. They may range from 2-40+ pages, depending on who you’re applying with. "The government gave more than $1 billion in 2003 to organizations it considers 'faith-based,' with some going to programs where prayer and spiritual guidance are central…" recently reported Laura Meckler, AP writer. It is called White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives, which is designed to help expand the role of churches and other community organizations in social problems across the nation. Applying for Free Grants: Long process that takes about 6 weeks. Go to http://www.grants.gov/ and follow the steps. How to Write Grant Proposals: Info and steps Found on: http://nonprofit.about.com/od/foundationfundinggrants/tp/grantproposalhub.htm 1. Cover Letter 2. Executive Summary The summary actually comes first and helps the grantor to understand at a glance what you are seeking. At the beginning of your proposal, write a short summary of your proposal. The summary can be as short as a couple of sentences, but no longer than one page. 3. Need Statement (problem Statement) This is the meat of grant proposals, and where you must convince the funder that what you propose to do is important and that your organization is the right one to do it. Assume that the reader of your proposal does not know much about the issue or subject. Explain why the issue is important, and what research you did to learn about possible solutions. 4. Goals and Objectives What does your organization plan to do about the problem? State what you ultimately hope to accomplish with the project (goal), and spell out the specific results or outcomes you expect to accomplish (objectives). 5. Methods, Strategies or Program Design This section is where you walk the grantor through HOW you will achieve the goals and objectives you've set out earlier. You may be required to provide a logic model in this section. 6. Evaluation Section How will you assess your program's accomplishments? Funders want to know that their dollars actually did some good. So decide now how you will evaluate the impact of your project. Include what records you will keep or data you will collect, and how you will use that data. If the data collection costs money, be sure to include that cost in your budget.
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7. Other Funding or Sustainability Have you gotten committed funds from other sources? Or have you asked other sources? Most funders do not wish to be the sole source of support for a project. Be sure to mention in-kind contributions you expect, such as meeting space or equipment. Is this a pilot project with a limited time-line? Or will it go into the future? If so, how do you plan to fund it? Is it sustainable over the long haul? 8. Organizational Information In a few paragraphs explain what your organization does, and why the funder can trust it to use the requested funds responsibly and effectively. Give a short history of your organization, state its mission, the population it serves, and an overview of its track record in achieving its mission. Describe or list your programs. Be complete in this part of your proposal even if you know the funder or have gotten grants from this grant maker before. 9. Budgets for Your Grant Proposals How much will your project cost? Attach a short budget showing expected expenses and income. The expenses portion should include personnel expenses, direct project expenses, and administrative or overhead expenses. Income should include earned income and contributed income. 10. Additional Materials That Might Be Required Funders are likely to want the following:
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IRS letter proving that your organization is tax-exempt. List of your board of directors and their affiliations. Financial statement from your last fiscal year. Budget for your current fiscal year. Budget for your next fiscal year if you are within a few months of that new year.

Outcomes and Suggestions (Design and Results)
When it came to designing Reverend Collin’s church, numerous steps were taken in finding an ideal outcome. Organization: Through studying other local parishes, we noticed a trend in the basic layout of Baptist church’s in the Orleans Parish. As with any church, the worship space is the largest space of the building. The project also called for office space for three people, along with an overflow space and public restrooms. Towards the front of the building, bathrooms and a moderately sized gathering space will be placed. The main worship space will be an open floor plan with the gathering space and the worship space in the same room. Located in the front and center of the space is the altar, and behind the altar is the elevated choir space. Two hallways will flank the choir space, one leading back to a storage/overflow area, and the other leading back to three offices for the parish leaders. Site Analysis: The predetermined site for the church was chosen by Reverend Collins to be in the location where his previous church once stood before Hurricane Katrina. On the corner of Caffin Ave 7 
 

and Galvez Street, a lot size of 170’ x 160’ contains the previous church footprint as well as an existing extension of the previous church in good condition that is to be reattached to the new addition. Interviews: When we first met Collins, he was full of passion about what the new church would do to better the community and revive the spirits of his family and old members of the church that were forced to leave. He was kind enough to take us on a trip to the site. On the way he was explaining to us the importance of family, and how the community involved with the church acted like a family around one another and how that bond had been broken. In order to reintroduce that memory of family that was so important to him, Collins had a specific vision. While walking around the site, Collins would point out exactly where he wanted everything to go. He would say things like, “I want the entrance right here.” or “This is where a walkway to the extension should go.” Even when we met back at the church, he was eager to draw out where he thought the program should be laid out. Experience: A church is an ideal place for people to come together each week. Reverend Collins’ church offers two main experiential components: community and worship. For a church to be successful as a space, it must execute both of these equally. The buildings Reverend Collins currently occupies only focus on the worship space, and only serve a specific purpose; Sunday worship. The only other time the space is used is if the choir is practicing during the week. The opportunity, then, for the space to be utilized the other six days of the week is lost. Several design features were taken into account to create a more transformable space. Chairs, instead of permanent pews are used to allow movable seating so that a space can be reorganized for multiple uses. Additional room in the back of the worship space, which is meant for a gathering space on Sundays, can also act as a staging area or additional seating during a community event. An open floor plan allows for multiple configurations of seating or sectioning of space, keeping the area flexible. None of these features take away from the power of the worship space, however they allow for more use during the week. Design Vision In designing the new church, we took the vision that Reverend Collins had painted for us that day of the site visit and stayed as close to his plans as possible. We took into consideration how specific his organization of the church was laid out and redrew it in a formal plan. The height of the building was lifted in order to create a spiritual space within the church, and in compliance with local code we raised the building three feet from grade to help protect it from future flooding. Framing of the building was also to be constructed out of steel, from the same company that constructed the storage structure that remained standing after Katrina on the site. Codes and Policy Requirements There is a large list of requirements in order to obtain a building permit to begin new construction. Most steps will be taken care with the help of an architect, but the permit process begins with having official drawings of the building stamped by a Registered Architect from the State of Louisiana. Also needed is an official plot plan is also needed by a registered surveyor. A listing of the value of the proposed project and the contractor’s license are needed as well. There is also a permit fee that is based on the size of the project. A link to the detailed list of requirements can be found below as well as a link to the building permit application. Codes required by the State of Louisiana and the City of New Orleans are based on the International Building Code and it is a licensed architects job to make sure the building is built in accordance to the codes. From the Use and Occupancy Classifications in International Building Code Chapter 1, Reverend Collins, architect, and contractor can figure out that church is categorized as the “GROUP A-3”. Under this Classification, the reconstruction of church should follow all requirements to design and build a new church.
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Location of Site: Corner of Caffin Ave. and Galvez St. in Lower Ninth Ward

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Image of the current site:

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Floor Plan:

Front Elevation:

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Resources
Link to brochure with information on how to have plans reviewed: http://www.nola.gov/RESIDENTS/Safety-and-Permits/Brochures-and-Guidelines/ Link to a list of items required to gain a building permit: http://www.nola.gov/RESIDENTS/Safety-and-Permits/Office-of-Safety-and-Permits/BuildingPermit-Requirements/ Link to building permit application: http://www.nola.gov/RESIDENTS/Safety-and-Permits/Important-Documents/ Link New Orleans Amendments for International Building Code: http://www.nola.gov/RESIDENTS/Safety-and-Permits/Code-Amendments-Updated/ Link to City of New Orleans Codes: http://library.municode.com/index.aspx?clientId=16306&stateId=18&stateName=Louisiana Link to 2009 International Building Code Need to Know http://www.knovel.com/web/portal/basic_search/display?_EXT_KNOVEL_DISPLAY_bookid=332 1

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