Experimental Chemistry

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Hazard Warning Labels

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Measurement: Mass, Volume, Time and Temperature

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Collection of Gases

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Identification of Gases

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The Particulate Nature of Matter
In this topic, you will learn:

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States of Matter

Kinetic Theory

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Changes of State

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Diffusion

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Methods of Purification
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Pure substances and mixtures

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Methods of Purification

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=

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Purity of a Substance

=

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The Structure of the Atom
In this topic, you will learn:

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1 1840

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Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
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+

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Bonding and Structure
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Bonding

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Chemical Formulae and Equations
In this topic, you will learn:

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Chemical Reaction

Chemical Symbols

Chemical Formulae

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X

X

Y

Y

→ X Y → XY

X Y

Relative Molecular Mass
(

Ba

)

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The Percentage Composition of Elements in a Compound.
( )

Mass of an Element in a Compound
= =% × × ( × 10 = 1.61 . 10 )

=

=

=

× 100 = 65.31%

× 100 = 32.64%

× 100 = 2.04%

Empirical Formula

. 10

. 10

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Chemical equation

11.11 = 11.11 1 11.11 =2 5.55

88.89 = 5.55 16 5.55 =1 5.55

+ 2 + +

Ionic Equation

2

( )+

( )→2

→2

()

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[ [

( (

(

)] + [ )] + [

)+

(

( (

)→

)] → [ )] → [ )→

(

)+ ( (

)] + )] +

()

() ()

Naming chemical Compounds

(

)+

(

()

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In this topic, you will learn:

The Mole

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=

=

=

=

×

×

×

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In this topic, you will learn:

Electrochemistry

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2

→2

+

2

+2

4

→2

+

+4

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2

+2

+2

+2 →

+2

+2 →

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Chemical Reactions
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Exothermic Reactions
(∆ =− )

Endothermic Reaction
(∆ =+ )

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Rate of Reactions

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Redox Reactions

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( )+2

( )→

( )+2

( )

( )+

( )→

( )+

()

(

)+

( )→

(

)+

( )

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Reversible reactions

+3

2

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The Chemistry and uses of Acids, Bases and Salts
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Acids

( )+2

( )+2 (

( )+

)+ (

(

( (

)→

)→

)→

)→

(

(

)+

(

) (

(

)+

)+

)+

( )

( )+

()

() ( )

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Bases

(

)+

(

)→

(

)+

()

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Neutral Substances

Indicators and pH scale.

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Neutralization

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Different types Oxides

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Salts

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Ammonia and its Uses
+3

2

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Sulphuric Acid

( ) +

2( )

( )

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2

( ) +

2( ) ⇄ 2

( ) SO2(g)

2

S(s) + O2(g) 2( ) +

2( ) ⇄ 2 ()→

3( ) ()

( )+

( )+

()→2

()

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The Periodic Table of Elements
In this topic, you will learn:

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Good conductors of heat and electricity Usually solids at room temperature (except Hg) High melting and boiling points (except Group I) Often shiny, ductile, malleable and possess great tensile strength Mostly compounds are ionic Oxides are usually basic or amphoteric

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Often form hydrogen gas with dilute acids Always form positive ions (cations)

4 4 Lithium Sodium Potassium Rubidium Caesium +2

+

→2 →2 → +

+

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+2

→2

+

Fluorine Iodine

Chlorine

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Helium Neon Argon Krypton Xenon Radon

Copper(II) compounds Iron(II) compounds Iron(III) compounds Lead(II) compounds Zinc(II) compounds

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In this topic, you will learn:

Metals

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Metals in Periodic Table Properties of Metals

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Alloy and it’s Properties

The Reactivity Series of Metals

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2

+

+2

→2

+

+

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Stability of Metal Compounds

2 +2 +2

→ →

+

+

The Displacement Power of Metals
( ) + +2 → → +2 +

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Organic Chemistry
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Glossary

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