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by Daniel Bukszpan Friday, October 21, 2011
Employees who call in sick normally get most of the blame for lost productivity, but a phenomenon known as "presenteeism" has been gaining notice, as well. Defined as the act of coming in to work when you're sick and doing a third-rate job as a result, presenteeism costs businesses billions of dollars a year in lost productivity. If presenteeism is damaging to businesses, then it would stand to reason that the workplace would be better off if sick workers stayed home until they got better. When the illness is a byproduct of the workplace itself, however, that worker will just get sick again and keep doing a listless and unproductive job. Whether environmental or psychological, many workplaces have conditions that can make employees sick. These factors have a domino effect that ultimately is as bad for the business as it is for the employee. What are 10 ways that your work may be killing you and your employer?
Insufficient Sleep Doctors recommend getting eight hours of sleep per night, but one look around the average office reveals that, for many, it just isn't happening. The bags under everyone's eyes and the drained coffee cups tell the tale, along with a recent survey of more than 7,000 people, 23 percent of whom reported experiencing insomnia. What's causing the sleeplessness? One of the primary causes of insomnia is stress, particularly stress encountered in the workplace, according to the Mayo Clinic. The sleep-deprived often don't view their fatigue as a reason to call in sick, however, so they go to work and turn in lethargic, sluggish performances that cost employers $63 billion a year in lost productivity, according to a Harvard Medical School study. Lack of Exercise A factor frequently implicated in the current obesity epidemic is the sedentary nature of many jobs. The unanimous consensus of the medical community is that a 40-hour-a-week stint at an office desk is a primary contributor to weight gain. As the American job market has shifted from manufacturing work to desk jobs, the problem has only gotten worse. A 2010 study in The Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine found that the obese were less productive in the workplace than their counterparts of average weight. The study found that rates of presenteeism went up as body mass index (BMI) did, so female employees with a BMI between 30 and 34.9 lost 6.3 days' worth of productivity per year, while males with BMIs
the average commute from home to work is 23 minutes. while 3 percent reported commutes of more than an hour. Hours upon hours spent at a desk can often lead to chronic back pain.over 40 lost over three weeks' worth of productivity. in workers. the study estimated that obesity among full-time employees in the U. but there are always going to be employees who see no reason to hold back — sometimes leading to hostile. and obesity. Commuting According to the Gallup organization. Taken together. there will almost always be one person in your office who gets on your nerves. as well as for the coworkers who have to witness them. Indoor Air Quality In 1984. The study found that 19 percent of respondents traveled more than 30 minutes to get to work. Those with longer commutes were more likely to report neck and back pain. Most people are able to put those feelings aside. Public confrontations are awkward and stressful for those directly involved. among others. and prolonged computer use has been linked to such painful ailments as carpal tunnel syndrome. cost employers more than $73 billion per year. These defects affected indoor air quality so severely that they caused conditions such as headaches. open confrontations in the workplace. Predictably. and fatigue. 40 percent spent most of the day worrying. The study found that the greater an employee's commute. Among those with commutes of more than 90 minutes. Chronic Pain What was formerly the domain of manual laborers now afflicts office workers in various sectors. nausea.S. According to the book. Many of the office buildings in the study still stand. and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. and cause other employees' stress levels to rise. Workplace Incivility No matter who you are or where you work." job stress caused by workplace incivility costs employers $300 billion a year in lost productivity. these health issues worsened as the length of the commute increased. with the same ventilation problems they had 30 years ago. Newer buildings are being designed with better ventilation. high cholesterol. but workers with longer commutes reported a larger range of negative physical and emotional conditions. hurt morale. They impact productivity. . the more likely it was that productivity would be compromised. if only for the sake of civility. but until their designs become the norm it's probable that health issues related to indoor air quality will continue. the World Health Organization released a report finding that many newly constructed office buildings had flaws in their heating. "Banishing Burnout: Six Strategies for Improving Your Relationship with Work. ventilation. The anxiety interfered with their ability to feel well-rested and experience enjoyment during their waking hours.
following a layoff many surviving workers live in constant fear that the next round is right around the corner — and this time they won't be so lucky. repetitive stress disorders such as carpal tunnel result in absences from work averaging 23 days — a full 11 days longer than injuries related to explosions and fires.S. Lack of Job Security During a prolonged recession.m. The irregular hours associated with shift work interfere with circadian rhythm — physical. . As if that weren't bad enough. so logically it would follow that they would return to work relieved. to 5 p. Monday through Friday. In such cases. This includes night shifts. the Center for Work-Life Policy conducted a study called "Sustaining High Performance in Difficult Times. Long Hours Just because an employee is putting in long hours. Paranoia was rampant. mental. rotating shifts.m. This interference can cause fatigue and insomnia. don't assume that those are hours full of quality work. In fact. In 2008. according to the National Institute of General Medical Sciences." It found that layoffs and firings are traumatic for the employees left behind. right up there with engine exhaust. lucky are those who have survived layoffs. They've outlasted the bloodletting. Shift work has been linked to changes in metabolism that elevate risk for diabetes. and obesity. The study claimed that employees who put in work weeks longer than 48 hours did so out of compulsion. and behavioral changes that follow a roughly 24-hour cycle. but rather than scare the employees into going the extra mile for their jobs' sake. whose physical ailments significantly slow their work. as their levels of trust and loyalty to their employers plummets. the International Agency for Research on Cancer in 2007 took the step of classifying shift work as a probable carcinogen. not because there was a lot of work that was being diligently powered through. A study conducted in 2009 found that workaholics who are the first to show up and the last to leave are frequently given to high levels of burnout and low levels of happiness. This can lead to a bad attitude that can easily go viral and infect the entire office. Obesity in particular has been shown to decrease productivity in the workplace. the layoffs caused employees to do only the minimum amount of work necessary to not get fired. work schedule of 9 a. such as chairs with adequate lumbar support. or any other non-traditional shift. Shift Work Hours Shift work is any work performed outside the boundaries of the standard U. heart disease. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.Offices that don't invest in ergonomic workspace equipment. risk facing a workforce composed of ibuprofen-popping employees. Many don't.. these employees demonstrated high levels of presenteeism.
Successfully deploying these strategies can help make an employee's day-to-day life more pleasant and. ranging from overperforming to direct confrontation. but how can you tune out a toxic person when he or she is your boss? The toxic boss lowers morale." This person can be so unpleasant that his or her mere presence in the office can cause it to become a stressful environment that stifles productivity. causes a high rate of turnover.com/career-work/article/113685/ways-your-job-is-killing-you. Normally.Toxic Boss In many workplaces. Career coach Nicole Williams says there are several strategies for dealing with such an individual. provided by CNBC (Consumer News and Business Channel) . there are managers whose effect on others is best described as "toxic. and makes the workplace a generally oppressive place — none of which boosts productivity.yahoo. Source: http://finance. yes. less toxic. a co-worker fitting this description is a nuisance that can generally be ignored.
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