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PAPER 1 SECTION A : DIRECTED WRITING
SECTION B : CONTINUOUS WRITING PAPER 2 SECTION A : SHORT TEXTS & GRAPHICS
SECTION B : STRUCTURED RESPONSE
SECTION C : READING COMPREHENSION & SUMMARY
SECTION D : LITERATURE
Paper 1 Section A
BACK TO MAIN MENU
ANALYSIS OF PAST YEAR EXAM PAPERS (2001 – 2010)
Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Topics An article for school newsletter A talk on road safety A formal letter to a class teacher A report to principal An informal letter (to a friend) An informal letter (to a friend) A talk on a reference book An article for the school magazine A report to the principal An informal letter (to a cousin)
PAST YEAR QUESTIONS SPM 2010
Section A : Directed Writing (35 minutes)
Your cousin has been chosen to take part in the National Service Programme and is worried about going. You have decided to write a letter to tell him/her about the benefits of the programme and encourage your cousin to go. Use the notes given below to write your letter.
develop good habits make new friends learn leadership skills / responsibility exciting activities see different parts of Malaysia be independent gain new experiences teamwork strengthen love of country keep fit and healthy learn survival skills discipline
When writing the letter, you must : lay out your letter correctly ( address, greeting, closure ) use all the notes given remember that your letter is to your cousin
Allocation of marks : Content Language Total 15 marks 20 marks 35 marks
Marks for content are awarded as follows : Format: F1 F2 F3 Address Greeting Closure 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark
Content: C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 C10 C11 C12 develop good habits make new friends learn leadership skills / responsibility exciting activities see different parts of Malaysia be independent gain new experiences teamwork strengthen love of country keep fit and healthy learn survival skills discipline 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark
CONTENT POINT Address of receiver (your cousin‟s house address) Address of sender
MARK 1 mark 0 mark (not a formal letter) 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (not a formal letter) 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (irrelevant) 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (meaning distorted) 1 mark 0 mark (meaning distorted) 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (meaning distorted) 1 mark
To: Name of your cousin (Rosli) Your cousin,
Name mentioned + signature (Aireen) Yours faithfully…Aireen
The first benefit of NS programme is to develop good habits Another reason is to make new friends
Students do not mix around with others but keep to themselves Has the opportunity to learn leadership skills or responsibility Can participate in exciting activities Can see different parts of Malaysia
C5 Can visit different parts of Malaysia Learn to be independent C6 Can rely on others in teamwork C7 C8 Able to gain new experiences The spirit of teamwork in carrying out activities as a group Able to strengthen love for our country C9 Able to strengthen love for one another after the NS programmme Able to keep fit & healthy
CONTENT POINT Able to learn survival skills Able to help each other to survive during the NS programme Able to discipline oneself during & after the NS programme
MARK 1 mark 0 mark (meaning distorted) 1 mark
No 16, Jalan Seroja, Taman Emas, 28200 Kuantan 10.11.2010 Dear Rosli,
How are you? I hope you are in the pink of health. I was delighted to receive your letter last week. In your letter you expressed your worry as you are chosen to take part in the National Service Programme This is avery interesting news. Congratulations! I guess your fear is understandable as there are a lot of reports lately about the NS trainees encountering mishaps that are sometimes fatal at their camps. But you know some things are just unavoidable. You have to think positive about the programme. NS is actually fun. You can learn all sorts of new things there such as learning the survival skills(C11) and also the leadership skills(C3) which are essential in building a healthy soul. Don‟t you worry. There will be a lot of exciting activities.(C4) One thing that I know you are looking forward to ismaking new friends. (C2) You are a happy go lucky type of person and I believe that you will get along well with the others. You will be meeting teenagers from all over the country and you can take this opportunity to see the different parts of Malaysia.(C5) You will certainly enjoy yourself during the programme. Apart from gaining new experience (C7)and knowledge you will also be able to develop good habits(C1)as well as some survival skillswhich is important in our life. It might be as simple as how to build a raft or how to cook simple dishes as I know you really hate cooking. Am I right? All the exciting activities that come hand-in-hand will
keep you fresh and strong. Being a scout, I don‟t see you will have problem with the activities. Cousin Rosli, a soul is like a seed. It needs to be taken care of to make it grow healthy. The NS programme is the perfect recipe to feed the teenagers like us to be confident in our life. Therefore the NS programme will definitely teach us to be independent (C6) apart from involving you in teamwork(C8) activities as well as to make you become more disciplined(C12). Last but not least, this NS programme will surely make you fit and healthy(C10) as long as you join the activities. You can also strengthen your love for our country(C9)because by joining the camp you will be determined to contribute something for our country. I have to pen-off now. Don‟t worry too much about the NS programme. It is worth giving it a shot. I guarantee you will enjoy yourself for the next three months during the camp. Who knows…at the end of the day you might feel that the duration of the camp should be extended…. Send my regards to your parents. See you someday.
Your cousin, Aireen
Format Content Language Total
3 12 20 35
Complete Correct Format Sender Address (F!) Receiver – with the name (Rosli) – mandatory (F2) Close – Your cousin (F 3) All content points included Refer to the letter The content points do not have to be written in sequence.
Accurate language Varied sentence structures Simple sentences How are you? This is interesting news Compound sentences You will learn survival and leadership skills Apart from gaining new experience and knowledge…… You are a happy-go-lucky person and I believe you will get along well with others. Complex sentencesBeing a scout, I don‟t think you will have problems with the activities. Addressed with consistent relevance Appropriate and very informal
Topic The style and tone
SPM 2009 Section A : Directed Writing
Many of your schoolmates are not interested in sports. You have carried out a survey on the reasons for their lack of interest. Based on your findings, write a report to the Principal regarding the matter. In your report, give reasons for the lack of interest in sports and provide suggestions to overcome the problem Use the following notes to write your report
Students attitude lack of time
Parents emphasis on academic performance tuition classes
Facilities insufficient sports equipment poor conditionfield, courts
Stress importance of sports Dialogue with parents
Organise more competitions Employ qualified trainers Offer attractive prizes
When writing the report, you must : Address your report to the principal Provide a title Include your name Use all the notes given
Allocation of marks :
Content Language Total
15 marks 20 marks 35 marks
Marks for content are awarded as follows :
Format: F1 F2 F3 Addressed to the principal Title of the report Name 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark
Content: C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 C10 C11 C12 student‟s attitude lack of time parents‟ emphasis on academic performance tuition classes insufficient sports equipment poor condition of field and courts stress importance of sports dialogue with parents improve facilities employ qualified trainers organise competitions offer attractive prizes 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark
CONTENT POINT To: Principal of Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Bahagia Address of sender and receiver
MARK 1 mark 0 mark (not a letter format) 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (not a letter format) 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (contradicting)
A report on the Lack of Interest in Sports Among the Students of SMK Bahagia Written by,..Khatijah Bt. Rosli Name mentioned in the body Yours sincerely…Khatijah Bt. Rosli The reason why students did not choose sports as their preferred leisure activity is their own attitude towards it Another reason is their lack of time Students do not have much time to spend in sports because they think sports does give them benefit Has become an obsession with parents to make their children excellent in academics Parents sending them for tuition classes, workshops and seminars at every possible opportunity There is insufficient sports equipment to cater for students‟ need Facilities have insufficient sports equipment The poor condition of the school field and the badminton courts have drawn anger of students The poor condition of the school field
1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (meaning distorted) 1 mark 0 mark (court not mentioned) 1 mark
The school authorities should stress the importance of sports to the students The school authorities could hold a dialogue with the parents during the next Parent Teacher Association meeting
CONTENT POINT On top of that, the school authorities could improve the sporting facilities for the students The principal must be improve facilities very good for student Qualified trainers should be employed to teach and guide the students The school authorities could organise more competitions related to sports After that, many more organise competition Attractive prizes should be offered to winners to recognize their efforts and to motivate other students to participate in sports
MARK 1 mark 0 mark (meaning distorted) 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (subject not stated) 1 mark
To : The Principal of Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Bahagia A report on the Lack of Interest in Sports Among the Students of Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Bahagia I have recently conducted a survey among the students of SMK Bahagia . The results of the survey show that among 2,000 students from form one to form five, only 200 would choose sports as their preferred leisure activity during their spare time. That number is only 10% of the student population. Among the reasons cited by the 1,800 students who did not choose sports as their preferred activity is their own attitude towards sports. Many of them assume playing sports involves getting hot, dirty and sweaty as well as being occasionally sunburned. Also the students complained about their lack of time. Many of them commented that this was caused by the longer school hours and also because many co-curricular societies, such as uniformed bodies, hold extra meetings on weekends. Not only that, many of the students complained about parental factors. According to them, their parents place an excessive amount of attention on academic work. Many of them have stated that it has become an obsession with their parents to make them excellent in academics. With their parents sending them for tuition classes, workshops and seminars at every possible opportunity, it has become very difficult for them to make time for leisure, let alone sports.
Other students complained that the school field and sports equipment are not at a reasonable level. Since the school field is fully utilised, the students expect it to be at its level best. However, they have said that the opposite is often true. There is insufficient sports equipment in the school storage room with only two soccer balls. The school‟s hockey equipment is also in very bad condition with several broken hockey sticks that have not been replaced. The poor condition of the school field and the badminton courts have also drawn the anger of the students. Many students submitted complaints that the school field is very wet and muddy after it rains while the badminton courts‟ floor is heavily damaged. Due to the overwhelming lack of interest in sports among the students‟ I have formulated a few suggestions for consideration. Among my suggestions is that the school authorities, such as the Head of Student Affairs, should stress the importance of sports to the students. The message would have a much greater impact on the students if delivered by a person in authority. Moreover, the school authorities could hold a dialogue with the parents during the next Parent Teacher Association meeting. During the dialogue, the school authorities could explain to the parents about the importance of a balanced life for the students through sports. On top of that, the school could improve he sporting facilities for the students and employ qualified trainers. Both steps would go a long way towards attracting the interest of the students to get involved in sports. The presence of the trainers would be an added bonus for the students because they could receive proper training on the rules and regulations in sports. Lastly but not least, the school authorities could organise more competitions related to sports and offer attractive prizes to the winners. This would act as an incentive for students who have talent in sports to come forth and compete.
Written by, …………….. (Khatijah Bt. Rosli) Secretary, Sports Club, SMK Bahagia
SPM 2008 Section A : Directed Writing
You recently attended a leadership camp organized by your school. At the camp, one of your friends was chosen as the best group leader. You have been asked to write an article about your friend for your school magazine. Write your article based on the information below.
BEST GROUP LEADER
Reasons why he/she was chosen responsible caring best speaker for camp debate voted the most cooperative
name age family background school attended
certificate of achievement RM500
When writing the article, you should remember:
to give a suitable title to give your name as the writer to use all the information given to provide an ending to add two other reasons why your friend was chosen that your readers are students of your school
Allocation of marks :
Content Language Total
15 marks 20 marks 35 marks
2. Marks for content are awarded as follows : a. Format: F1 F2 F3 title name of the writer ending 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark
b. Content: C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 C10 C11 C12 name age family background school attended responsible caring best speaker for camp debate voted the most co-operative certificate of achievement RM500 one reason why your friend was chosen one reason why your friend was chosen 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark
CONTENT POINT The Making of a Future World-Class Leader Best Group Leader at Leadership Camp Camping By Zulkfli Bin Hassan
MARK 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (article is about a person not an activity) 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (name is too informal for an article) 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (not a correct ending format) 1 mark 0 mark (name is too general) 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (cannot determine the age) 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (not relating to family background) 1 mark 0 mark (no mention of school)
Written by Zulkifli Hassan By Zee Boy Amir‟s positive traits makes him an ideal choice as the best group leader Bravo to Amir and I wish him good luck for all his future undertakings Thanks for the article Amir Zulhaqeem Zakaria
C1 Mee 17 years old Seventeen years old C2 23rd of July 1992 23rd of July Both his parents are teachers C3 He is the eldest among his 5 siblings Amir likes to go fishing SK Bandar Jerantut (C4 Jerantut
CONTENT POINT Was a responsible leader
MARK 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (copying rubrics) 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (should be at the camp) 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (too general) 1 mark 0 mark (meaning is distorted) 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (meaning is distorted) 1 mark
Made sure his group members were safe all the time Reasons why he was chosen as a responsible leader
He cared for the members of his group Hel is also a caring person Chosen as the best speaker for the camp debate
C7 Was the best school debater Was voted the most cooperative student C8 Always the first person to volunteer for any task Always cooperated with the teachers Was given a certificate of appreciation C9 He gave a certificate of appreciation to his team members Was awarded RM500 C10 Received a whooping sum of RM500 Awards received RM500 C11 He instilled confidence among his group members which led to victory in the camp debate He did not let achievements get to his head and earned the respects of all the participants
SAMPLE ANSWER The Making of A Future World-Class Leader By : Zulkifli Bin Hassan On the 15thof May 2008, SMK Darul Ehsan organised a leadership camp at Hutan Lipur Pandan, Kuantan. The camp was attended by all the form five students. Its objective was to enable students to get along well with each other and help them to develop their self-esteem. At the camp, the most anticipated time by all was when the best group leader was announced. And as predicted by most, Amir Zulhaqeem Zakaria, a tall dark,looking guy, managed to get the prestigious award.His positive traits made him an ideal choice. Amir Zulhaqeem Zakaria, popularly known as Ca‟em, is a seventeen-year old guy who comes from Jerantut. His father‟s name is Zakaria Adul Hamid while his mother‟s name is Halina Hamid @ Md Noor.Both his parents are teachers. He is the eldest among his five siblings. He is now studying in SMK Darul Ehsan and is thehead prefect of the school. During his primary school time, he had studied in four different schools which were situated at four different states respectively. He had been schooling at SK Gua Batu, Sarawak, SK Kangar Perlis, SK Ulam Batu, Terengganu and SK Bandar Jerantut, Pahang. There were so many reasons on why he was chosen as the best group leader and one of them is that he was responsible. He is also a caring person who always made sure his group members were safe all the time. He instilled confidence among his group members which led to victory in the camp debate. As such, it was not surprising that he managed to get the best speaker award for the camp debate. And from the 253 students who had attended the camp, Amir Zulhaqeem was voted the most cooperative student. He was always the first to volunteer for any task. During the final day of the leadership camp,he received awards from our school principal, Madam Hajjah Norlia Bt. Mohd Shuhaili. He was given a certificate of achievement as the best group leader and even went home with a whooping RM 500, a very handsome sum of money. People also admired him because of his amazing achievement in his studies. He did not let achievements get to his head and earned the respects of all the participants. Furthermore, he is among the top ten students of the school and is the head of the students‟ facilitators. Amir Zulhaqeem loves to play basketball. Together with his team he represented the school in the state basketball tournament, “The Flyerz”, they managed to win second place for the event. The students of SMK Darul Ehsan should try to follow Amir Zulhaqeem‟s footsteps. We knowthat if this country is to produce more future leaders that will soon help in developing thiscountry to another level and probably, Amir Zulhaqem will be one of them. This year, he and hisbatch members will sit for the SPM examination. Let us pray together so that all of them can succeed and make SMK Darul Ehsan as one of the best school in this country. Bravo to Amir Zulhaqem and I wish him good luck for all his future undertakings.
SPM 2007 Section A : Directed Writing
You have been asked by your teacher to give a talk on a reference book that is so useful for secondary students. You have decided to talk about a science book. Use the following notes about the book to write your talk
Details of the book
Reasons why the book is useful
Title : Science Made Simple Author : Sharifah Shazana Publisher: Bunga Publication
attractive presentation clear explanations helpful diagrams variety of exercises sample answers practice question papers useful tips
When writing the talk, you should remember :
to use an appropriate greeting and closing to state the purpose of the talk to use all the notes given to give two other reasons of your own that the talk is for school students
Allocation of marks
Content Language Total
15 marks 20 marks 35 marks
2. Marks for content are awarded as follows : a. Format: F1 F2 F3 - greeting - purpose of talk - closing 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark
Content: C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 C10 C11 C12 - Title: Science Made Simple - Author: Sharifah Shazana - Publisher: Bunga Publications - attractive presentation - clear explanation - helpful diagrams - variety of exercises - sample answers - practice question papers - useful tips - own reason - own reason 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark
CONTENT POINT Good morning teachers and students Good morning dear students Good morning everybody Good morning Assalamualaikum I would like to give a talk on a reference book…
MARK 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (not a standard English greeting) 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark – (not the purpose of the talk) 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (not anappropriate expression to end a speech) 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (title not mentioned) 0 mark (title not mentioned) 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (name is not mentioned) 1 mark 1 mark
I am standing here to talk about…… This book is about…… Thank you ( mandatory) Thank you for listening
Thank you for your attention I would like to thank all of you for listening….Good bye…. The title of the book is Science Made Simple This book, Science Made Simple……
Science Made Simple…… This book is very useful…… This is a science reference book The author is Sharifah Shazana
Written by Sharifah Shazana, this book….. The book is written by a famous writer. This book is published by Bunga Publications The publisher is Bunga Publications
C3 Published by Sharifah Shazana this book….. 0 mark (wrong idea)
CONTENT POINT This book has attractive presentation
MARK 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (idea of the book‟s attractive presentation does not come through) 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 0 marks (point not mentioned) 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (does not refer to the book)
The book is presented in a very attractive manner This book is interesting and attractive Apart from that this book has clear explanations on every sub topic. We can easily understand as the notes are explained clearly The explanations are simplified and clear…. This book is useful for many students This book has many helpful diagrams… This book is filled with colourful diagrams There are variety of exercises in this book The author provides the students with many exercises…….
C7 Every sub-topic is followed by many exercises This book has sample exercises Sample answers are also provided to guide the students……. This book provides sample answers … C8 We can refer to the sample answers provided…. Every reference book has sample answer
CONTENT POINT Another excellent point about this book is it has practice questions papers The practice questions papers provided will….
MARK 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (not relevant to the point) 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark
Students can do their revision by answering the practice question paper…. We can get practice question paper from the science teacher…. There are many useful tips in this books
Students can always refer to the useful tips found in this book… This book is affordable This book is cheap This book can be reviewed at the library This book can be bought from the local book store near the school…
A very good morning to En .Kama bin Hasan, principal of Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Dinding, dearest teachers and my fellow friends. I Mohd Hafiz the president of the Science Club stand before you today to deliver a talk regarding a Science reference book that I have found very useful and may come in handy to all form five students of this school. I hope I can have your undivided attention for the next half hour as I proceed to explain how and why this book can benefit us as well as the teachers. I came across „Science Made Simple‟ authored by Sharifah Shazana as I was browsing my local bookstore for a text guide to help me understand science better. This book caught my attention as its front cover delivered an attractive presentation of a microscope and a colourful display of many unicellular organisms. Many of you would undoubtedly find Science as a difficult subject to master due to the amount of facts students are required to digest before examinations. However, this book which is published by BungaPublications has clear explanation so that students have better understanding. This book is also filled with many colourful diagrams to instill a sense of eagerness in students to make them interested in the subject. Apart from that this book has a variety of exercises throughout the chapters and at the end of each subtopic. These exercises are very useful because it tests students thoroughly on the contents of that particular subtopic. In addition to that, sample answers are also provided at the end of each chapter provide easy reference when answering the questions. The suggested answers are concise, straight to the point are exact replicas of answer expected during the real examination what is required in the real exam. In short, this reference guide can serve as a useful resource for other topics under the science subject. Another good point about this book is that it has practice questionpapers which would be very useful for our preparation for the coming examination.. Besides that there are many useful tips under the summary section which will give you a list of important details and cuts short long study before the exam. This book is affordable to most at only RM 12.00 and can also be reviewed at the school library. I hope my talk has been worth your patience and I can guarantee that “Science Made Simple” is an excellent science guide that many of you will find helpful. Thank you for your attention.
SPM 2006 Section A : Directed Writing
Your friend, who lives in another town, wants to know whether he/she should run for the post of Head Prefect. Write a letter to your friend giving reasons why he/she would make a good Head Prefect. Use the notes given below to write your letter. Personal Qualities: friendly responsible helpful Academic performance: intelligent student hardworking problem solver Co-curricular Involvement: Blue House Captain secretary of English Language Society school debater Other points: lives near school – able to sacrifice time good study habits – academic performance will not be affected popular with students and teachers
When writing your letter, you should remember to include the following: address salutation/greeting close all the notes given
Allocation of marks
Content Language Total
15 marks 20 marks 35 marks
2. Marks for content are awarded as follows :
Format: F1 F2 F3 - address - salutation - closing 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark
Content: C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 C10 C11 – friendly – responsible – helpful – intelligent – hardworking – problem solver – Blue House captain – secretary of English Language Society – school debater – lives near school – able to sacrifice time – good study habits – academic performance – popular with students and teachers 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark
will not be affected C12 1 mark
F/C F1 F2
CONTENT POINT Students‟ address Dear Ali…. My friend… Hi…...
MARK 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (name of receiver must be mentioned) 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (formal letter) 1 mark 1 mark 0 mark (no mark is awarded for mere mention of content point) 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark 1 mark
Yours sincerely… Your friend… Yours faithfully You have good personalities. You are friendly to everybody in school You are responsible and friendly You are friendly, responsible,helpful, Intelligent, hardworking……
C4 & C5
C7 & C8 C9
C 10 C 11 & C12
You are also a responsible students Your responsible nature will be a welladded advantage Besides you‟re very helpful. You are always fond of helping others. You always help your friends ….. Apart from that you are also intelligent and a hard working student Your excellent academic performance proves that you are intelligent and Besides that you are also a problem solver. You always manage to find ways to solve problems faced by your friends. You are good in solving problems Another good point is that you‟re active in the co-curricular activity. As the Blue House captain you….. Being elected as the secretary of the ELS….you are capable of….. As a school debater you always…….. Since you live near school you are able….. Your house is near the school and….. You have a good study habit You are popular among teachers and students
.You are famous in school. SAMPLE ANSWER
G9-1-7, Desa Perwira Jalan Anggerik 55100 Kuala Lumpur 16 March 2010 Dear Samsung, How are you? Judging from the letter you sent me last week, you seem to be doing just fine. I would like to apologize for not writing sooner; the ton of holiday homework I received from school made it virtually impossible for me to pen a reply any sooner than today. My answer to your question would definitely be a yes. I think that you would make an excellent Head Prefect. Your out-going and down-to-earth personality should be enough to convince you of your undoubted capability to take on this task. Your friendlyand helpful nature would make it easy for you to get along with the students and reprimand them in a tactful way. I am also sure that you would take your responsibilities seriously as you are one of the most responsible people with whom I have made my acquaintance. Furthermore, your academic performance outshines your peers making it clear that you are an intelligent and hardworking student. This in itself proves that you are capable of dealing with heavy workloads. Goodness knows, with the subject combination that you are taking, your workload is anything but light. Plus, I know that you especially have a knack for solving problems. Though being a Head Prefect is without doubt a tiring job, the experience you have gained from being actively involved in co-curricular activities should help you to pull through. Being the Captain of the Blue House should give you a vague idea of what it is like to lead the school, while as the secretary of the English Language Society, you should be an expert at handling paperwork and organizing events. Besides that, by virtue of you being a school debater, your speeches would surely be outstanding. The strategic location of your house should also give an extra shove towards running for the past. As it is within walking distance from the school, you would be able to sacrifice time and effort in carrying out your duties as Head Prefect. Your academic performance would also be unaffected as you are a consistent student with good study habits. In addition to that, you have a further advantage of being popular among the students as well as the teachers. Having read of all your good qualities should make it an easy choice for you now, don‟t you think? I hope I have helped you to make up your mind, but remember that no matter what choice you make, I will be rooting for you. Let me know of your decision. Till next time, bye! Your friend, Hisham
ENRICHMENT EXERCISES EXERCISE 1 Section A : Directed Writing (35 marks) Obesity has been on the rise with more and more young people becoming obese. Your school has decided to launch a “Health Week” to raise awareness among students about the need to be more health conscious. As Chairperson of the organizing committee, you have been asked to give a talk on health consciousness. Use the notes below to write the talk. Reasons
Improper eating habits Eating too much junk food Too many calories Lack of exercise Hectic lifestyle Late night supper
Exercise 3 times a week Reduce food Intake Reduce sugar and fat intake Change eating habits Have fixed time for eating Eat small meals
When writing the talk, you should remember : To use the appropriate greeting and closing To use all the notes given That the talk is for school students
Sample Answer A A very good morning(F1) to Puan Normah Nordin, Headmistress of SMK Taman Indah, teachers and fellow students. As you are aware, our school is organizing a “Health Week” to raise awareness among students about the need to be more health conscious. Obesity has been on the rise among young people. As the Chairperson of the organizing committee, I would like to give a talk on health consciousness.(F2) Teachers and fellow friends, There are many reasons contributing to obesity. Firstly, the continuous improper eating (C1)is the main factor for one to be obese. Eating too much junk food (C2)and fast food such as potato chips, fries and crackers in between meals is a reason why youngsters are putting on weight nowadays. All this food items contain extra calories(C3) that are not needed by our body and thus are stored as fat. In addition most young people dread about exercising(C4). They prefer to hang out at shopping complexes or internet cafes rather than exercise. Without proper exercise they do not work off the extra fat thus become overweight. Another reason is their hectic lifestyle.(C5) In most homes, there are maids to do the house chores. Young people tend to be lazy and less active. They will loose their extra weight slower or not at all. The worst part is that having late night supper (C6) is a very common habit among teenagers nowadays. This is not healthy at all as after supper they will go to bed thus making them overweight. However there are many ways for a person to lose weight. Here are some suggestions on how you can throw away those extra unwanted kilos. Exercise is the key to loosing weight. You should exercise at least threetimes a week(C7) in order to burn the extra fat that is stored in the body. The easiest exercise you can do is jogging or brisk walking as it is simple, easy and cheap. All you need to do is to take a brisk walk around the neighbourhood to lose some weight. You will also have to reduce the intake of food(C8) If you eat two bowls of rice for lunch and dinner, reduce the amount of rice to one bowl. In addition,lowering the intake of food that is high in sugar and fat(C9) such as sweets, cakes, chocolates and carbonated drinks will help you lose weight. Lastly,changing eating habits (C10) will help you control your weight. You have to adopt proper eating habits in order to lose weight. Eating a lot of vegetables and fruits instead of junk food helps to reduce your weight. Eating three meals a day at a fixed time(C11) will also help to reduce weight and to stay healthy. Alternatively, instead of having three meals a day you can have five small meals (C12) a day so as not to feel hungry. Before I conclude, I hope my talk has been helpful. I hope you have gained some insight about the problem of obesity among young people and learnt ways to control your weight. Thank you(F3)for your attention.
Section A : Directed Writing (35 minutes) Nowadays, many students are under a lot of stress and they are suffering from it. They are expected to perform excellently by their teachers and their parents and they are also burdened with a lot of extra homework to be completed as scheduled. As the President of the Counseling Club, you are asked to give a speech on the ways of controlling stress. Used the note below to write your speech Stress management Learn to manage your time Set realistic goals Do regular exercise Express your feeling Get enough sleep Develop good study skills Make a checklist Seek help Avoid self-medication Talk to your family Listen to music Trust yourself
When writing the speech, you should remember to :Address your audience Introduce the topic of your talk Use all the notes given End the talk appropriately
Sample Answer A very good morning toEn.Khalid b.Ishak, the Principal of SMK Putra, Assistant teachers, teachers and fellow friends. I am very grateful to all of you for giving me the opportunity to give a speech on this lovely morning. I am Krisna, the President of the Counseling Club in this school, will enlighten everyone here especially my fellow friends on ways to overcome stress. Teachers and fellow friends, Stress is a common experience among the young and old especially among the students. Everyone of us, I believe experience some degree of stress. Too much stress can lead to other serious problems or even death. Working people have a mountain of stress everyday and some of them almost come to a mental breakdown. Some people even sacrifice their social life to achieve their social status. As for students, some would burn the midnight oil just to ensure they do well in their studies ignoring the fact that they will have less sleeping time which is not good for health. However, there are many possible ways for us to handle the stress and to avoid other serious health consequences. As I mentioned earlier stress is also a part of every student‟s life. As students, the greatest source of stress are relationship, keeping up with their studies, homework and examinations A little stress is sometimes good for us especially when we need the push ourselves to work harder. However, if we allow stress to get out of hand, it can harm us. One of the greatest sources of stress is poor time management. Therefore, learn to manage your time(C1) properly. We should make a list of tasks that should be done first and we should arrange time for them. Give priority to the most important tasks and do them first. The important thing is to set realistic goals(C2). Do not overwork and overload ourselves. Too much studying at any single time can cause unnecessary stress and lead to burnout. Allow yourself occasional breaks. Exercise regularly.(C3) When you sit down and study, life can become sedentary. Sitting around can cause stress to mount and make you feel nervous and upset. Therefore we need to exercise as it help to release the pressure. Learn to express your feelings(C4). Get someone to share your feeling with. The best and easiest way is to talk toyour family(C10) or someone you trust. Another important solution is to get enough sleep (C5)Lack of sleep will make us more stressful as we will feel sleepy in class and could not catch up with what the teachers are teaching. Remember, our bodies always get better after a good rest. Make learning fun by developing good study skills.(C6) Working or studying in group will help us to understand better and thus help us to reduce stress. Learn to do mind maps and make a check list(C7)to monitor your progress in your study. If you are still unable to handle stress seek help(C8) andavoid self medication(C9). Another easy option that can be done is bylistening to soft music.(C11) This will help to relax our mind and body .Last but not least the best way is tobelieve in yourself (C12). Don‟t do something to convince others but do something that you are really capable off. Work smart and stay focus. In conclusion, I hope the advice will enlighten all of you on how to handle stress. Thank you for your attention.
Paper 1 Section B
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TYPES OF WRITING NARRATIVE ARGUMENTATIVE DESCRIPTIVE FACTUAL
WRITE A STORY
DESCRIBE A SCENE/EVENT, PLACE, PERSON
BASED ON FACTS
2 i) -
COMPONENTS IN CONTINUOUS WRITING Mind maps and outline (table) help to stimulate the mind to think deeper by using the “5W1H” formula : Who is it? (Person/People) What is it? (Objects/Things) Where is it? (Place) When is it? (Time) Why is it? (Reason) How is it? (Method) Mind maps are simple graphic organizers created to help the students to identify some ideas related to the topic that they are writing using the “5W1H” formula.
HOW TITLE WHY
iii) Table of contents (outline) will be able to guide the students to write the essay according to the required words (350) needed for this question correctly. This guideline will help the students to estimatethe required number of words for each paragraph accurately. INTRODUCTION: When writing your introductory paragraph, always remember “what, how & why” questions. You must be able to lead your reader into defining the purpose of your piece of writing. CONTENTS: You must be able to define your main ideas relevant to the topic clearly and accurately. Your supporting idea must be stated clearly which must be relevant to the main idea. This should be followed by further elaboration and examples which are relevant to the main idea. CONCLUSION: You should be able to end your writing effectively and give your readers a sense of completion or satisfaction. You may like to highlight the issues discussed and suggest possible solutions to the issues highlighted.
TABLE OF CONTENTS (OUTLINE) INTRODUCTION (25 words) A brief, relevant and interesting introduction to attract readers‟ attention
a) Main Idea
CONTENTS (MAIN POINT 1) (100 words)
b) Supporting Idea c)Elaboration/Explanation d) Relevant examples
a) Main Idea
CONTENTS (MAIN POINT 2) (100 words)
b) Supporting Idea c)Elaboration/Explanation d) Relevant examples
a) Main Idea
CONTENTS (MAIN POINT 3) (100 words)
b) Supporting Idea c)Elaboration/Explanation d) Relevant examples
Paragraph 5 3
CONCLUSION (25 words)
A convincing and satisfactory conclusionwith suggestions & possible solutions
Definition of narrative
A narrative tells or narrates a story or a sequence of events. It may be about something common or uncommon, for example, a strange encounter or events, a sudden catastrophe, a crisis, a conflict, a victory, an exciting adventure or discovery. However, it may be also be about an ordinary experience or the daily routines that can occur in our daily life. b) Tips on writing a narrative Sense of sight – colourful lights, wide variety of food, lushgreeneries, dark stormy, tall, dark and beautiful lady Sense of smell– smell of coffee brewing, aroma of crisp fried chicken, pungent smell of rotten eggs Sense of touch– soft silky material, rough surface, warm pot, hot iron, slimy dirty plates Sense of taste– bitter coffee, sweet and savoury puff, hot and spicy chicken, sour grapes Sense of hearing– blaring of horns, the sound of footsteps, doors creaking, brakes screeching c)Features of a narrative When you write a narrative, it is important for you to pay attention to the following: i) ii) iii) iv) i) Tense Cohesiveness Plot Characterization Tense A narrative usually describes events or happenings in the past. Thus, the Past Tense forms are usually used in narrative writing. Other tenses are also used but not as frequently.
ii) Cohesiveness Theflow of the story is important as it sets the mood of the storyline. Events should be arranged logically and systematically. This can be done by using connectors and suitable linkers.
Connectors / Conjunctions a) Nevertheless, However, b) On the other hand a) As well as, Besides, Both…and, Not only…but also a) In addition, Furthermore, Moreover a) In conclusion, In short, To summarize
Functions To show contrast of ideas To join two opposing ideas To combine two ideas that are similar or related To introduce new ideas or add extra information To conclude the story or the ideas presented
Plot The plot is the story‟s framework. It is the storyline of, for example, how a character changes or how a mystery is solved or how an enemy is defeated. To be interesting, a story must have a good plot.
Characterization The events in the story usually happens to the main character and how he/she solves a problem or overcomes challenges thrown towards him. Thus, characterization should include the description , the characteristics as well as clear incidents that show his utmost outstanding personality.
A SAMPLE OF A NARRATIVE ESSAY Write a story ending with: “We had never laughed so much in our lives”
We were just coming back from the railway station after picking up my brother who had arrived from Kuala Lumpur. As we arrived at our house, my brother who has not been around for three years jumped out and said happily, “Home sweet home at last”. Our father quickly stopped him and said, “You might get lost in the house because we have given the house a new facelift.” Danny quickly said, “Dad, it is my house and how can I get lost in my own house even though you have renovated it.” Father quickly took out the keys and offered to show my brother around the newly renovated house. My brother was impatient and he dashed in when dad had opened the door. He tried to open the door of his room but it turned out to be a new toilet. That was the first surprise that he had when stepped into the house. Soon he tiptoed back, he looked shocked. Our father was surprised and asked him what the matterwas. He told us that there was a burglar in the toilet. We were all frightened. Our mother reminded us of the many break-ins that were happening in the neighbourhood. Father went first and all of us tiptoed carefully following father to investigate brother„s claim. Sure enough there was movement in the toilet. My brother suggested that we take a stick each and attack the intruder. So we got ready. Father took a hammer to break open the door. He said that there was no other way the intruder could come in. Father gave the door a hard blow. It flew wide open. With all our might, we swung at the supposedly present intruder. But we were merely swinging at the wind. There was no one. We were astonished and wondered who could it be. My younger sister screamed, “I thought there was a ghost in the bathroom.” Suddenly, from the toilet bowl came a small head. We peeped into the bowl; it was our pet dog Skippy. All of us had completely forgotten about him. It had gone into the toilet and the door was shut. Skippy couldn‟t get out. We looked at the poor shivering Skippy, and we all burst out laughing. We had never laughed so much in our lives.
PAST YEAR QUESTIONS The following writing activities can be carried by the students under the guidance of the teachers to make them better writers. 1) Write a story ending with: “We had never laughed so much in our lives.” 2) Write a story with the title: An Unexpected Visitor 3) Write a story ending with: “If only I had been more careful, that wouldn‟t have happened.” 4) Write a story beginning with: Kim was nervous when the door opened….. 5) Write a story ending with: “…..Now I realize the value of a true friend.” 6) Write a story ending with: “…..We said our goodbyes and went our separate ways.” 7) Write a story beginning with: “It had been raining all day …..”
a) Introduction In an argumentative essay, students are required to state their views on an issue. These views can be in favour or against the issue. Students may be required to make a stand or present a balanced view of the issue and state their stand or recommendation in the conclusion. Whatever the format required, all views, for and against, must be supported by examples and facts. b) Tips on the format in writing an argumentative essay Introduction Look at the issues or topic concern Explain the issue or topic given Express stand, if required
Body Arguments for Give supporting statement Compare& contrast Justify with examples - Arguments against - Give evidence - Justify argument
Conclusion or recommendation Restate your stand
c) Some useful expressions in an argumentative essay I agree…/I disagree…/I believe…/I don‟t believe… It cannot be denied…/There is no doubt… I am sure that… My intention is… I am of the opinion… d) How to write a “thesis statement” WHY ? (To identify the problems/ideas related to the topic) HOW ? (To come up with solutions/recommendation) Using the brainstorming techniques (5W1H) will enable the students to generate ideas & details related to the topic concern.
TABLE OF CONTENTS (OUTLINE)
PART OF ESSAY Introduction (Paragraph 1)
AGREE Thesis statement of agreement Topic sentence 1 (first reason) Supporting ideas to support the topic sentence
DISAGREE Thesis statement of disagreement Topic sentence 1 (first reason) Supporting ideas to support the topic sentence
NEUTRAL Thesis statement of neutrality Topic sentence 1 (Reason (s) for agreement) Supporting ideas to support the topic sentence Topic sentence 2 (Reason (s) for disagreement) Supporting ideas to support the topic sentence Topic sentence 3 (Reason (s) for dis/agreement) Supporting ideas to support the topic sentence
Body (Paragraph 2)
Body (Paragraph 3)
Topic sentence 2 (second reason) Supporting ideas to support the topic sentence
Topic sentence 2 (second reason) Supporting ideas to support the topic sentence
Body (Paragraph 4)
Topic sentence 3 (third reason) Supporting ideas to support the topic sentence Restatement of opinion Summary of main points
Topic sentence 3 (third reason) Supporting ideas to support the topic sentence Restatement of opinion Summary of main points
Conclusion (Paragraph 5)
Restatement of opinion Summary of main points
A SAMPLE OF AN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY Examinations – good or bad? Examinations are good. They are a means to evaluate the performance and assess the academic achievements of students. They aim at testing the students‟ grasp and understanding of the subjects taught to them. Obviously examinations have come to play an important part in one‟s educational career. In fact most students are afraid of examinations. No examinations may lead students to nowhere. Studies will no more be an orchard of knowledge. The ability to pass an examination is indeed a valuable quality. It shows that the student is able to express his thoughts and ideas in a manner others can understand. It also shows that the student has acquired a certain amount of knowledge in some branches of study. Besides, the mind of a student, even if he is dull, receives good exercise when he prepares for an examination. A student‟s success in an examination therefore helps employers and others to assess his mental or general ability. One may doubt about the existence of educational institutions, especially colleges, if there are no examinations. Some may disappear. Others would remain but known only for fun and frolic. College unions would be more important than the classes. The classes may run. But the teachers will have to arrange programmes in the classes to attract the students. As such students will only go for selective studies done through selective books, guides and notes. Even the strenuous two months before the examinations will be left for relaxation. Examinations pave the route to students to portray their excellence in studies. They are able to compete with each other in order to prove their mental powers. Students will be able to show their intelligence and power of reasoning especially if they are sitting for higher examinations. There are so many subjects taught in schools and a student can indicate his grasp of the subjects that he has studied. Without examinations, institutions of education will face difficulties in assessing the mental capabilities of the students. Selections of candidates for careers will also become a problem as paper qualifications play a vital role in the career arena. Examinations enable students to qualify for scholarship apart from gaining entry into institutions of higher learning. The excellence of examinations consists of its objectives and the goal of evaluating the quantum of knowledge acquired by students and of grading them. As such, the world of academicians will be filled with poor souls without examinations.
PAST YEAR QUESTIONS The following writing activities can be carried by the students under the guidance of the teachers to make them better writers.
1) 2) 3) 4)
How can we help promote tourism in Malaysia? (2004) How to keep oneself healthy. (2005) How can television help students in their studies? (2006) “Teenagers today are only interested in entertainment.” (2007) Do you agree? Support your opinion. Examinations – good or bad? (2008) School children should not have long holidays. Do you agree? (2009) “The Internet is mostly a good thing”. Do you agree? Support your opinion. (2010)
5) 6) 7) 8)
They are three (3) types of descriptive essays. They are : a) Describing a scene/event b) Describing a place c) Describing a person a) Describing a scene/event When describing a scene or event, you are required to write in some details about the people and activities going on. Guidelines in writing descriptions of scenes/events Be clear about what scene/event you are describing Description must be lively and interesting Describe activities in details Activities are arranged in order Highlight person involved & what are they doing Capture the mood of the scene (noise, lights & colours) b) Describing a place When describing a place, you are required to describe the place in detail. In your description, include the people and activities going on. Guidelines in writing descriptions of places Give an introduction to the place Give a physical description of the place (from outside moving to inside) Describe what you see and hear Describe in details the activities and attractions Can include your personal feelings about the place
DO‟S Have a good grasp of the topic Write about the place/scene only if you have the knowledge about it Describe the activities of the people in it Write about your feelings / impressions of the place or scene Write concluding lines about your description
DON‟TS Choose a topic if you don‟t understand Try to describe a place/scene if you are not sure about it Leave out the activities of the people in it Leave out your feelings about the place/ scene End your description without a conclusion
c) Describing a person When describing a person/a group of people, you should give enough details about the person/people. Include their lifestyle, contributions if any and daily activities. Guidelines in writing descriptions of people Be clear about who you are describing If he/she is a famous person, mention why is he/she famous If it is about a group, some knowledge about them is vital Your description must be interesting Mention the special features why that person is outstanding Use present tense if the person is still alive
DO‟S Write a clear description about the person or group of people Highlight his/her/their qualities Describe his/her/their interests clearly Describe the lifestyle of that person/group correctly Conclude the description orderly
DON‟TS Give a poor description of the person or group of people Leave out his/her/their qualities Leave out his/her/their interests Forget to mention about the lifestyle of the person/group End the description abruptly
USEFUL WORDS & PHRASES TO DESCRIBE FEELINGS AND REACTIONS
REACTIONS face went as white as a sheet my heart missed a beat or two screamed at the top of my voice nearly jumped out of my skin
eyes nearly popped out I stood dumbfounded I almost choked on my food seethed with anger went mad with rage
started calling names my parents went mad with rage he hit the roof went as red as a beetroot was blushing from head to toe
had guilt written all over his face I did not know where to conceal myself burst out laughing
he had everyone in stitches my friend became hysterical she smiled from ear to ear
I danced in to the room
USEFUL VOCABULARY & SENTENCE PATTERNS
THE SKY The blazing sun was shining through the cloudless sky ( a hot mid-day) The sun rose, slowly and majestically, over mountains (early morning) The sun appeared over the horizon, giving out rays of faint yellow light. (dawn/sunrise) Everything looked radiant in the early morning sun.
B. THE BEACH/SEA - Tall coconut palms swayed gracefully to the sounds of the sea waves (beach) - The gentle waves rolled endlessly towards the white sparkling beach (b each) - The whispering breeze and splashing waves gently rocks me to sleep. - The winds caresses my cheeks and ruffles your hair as I relish the tickling sensation of the waves crashing at my feet. C. A STORM The sky darkened and it threatened to rain but the weather held (gloomy with no rain) Lightning streaked across the sky There was a flash of lightning followed by a rumble of thunder. The wind shrieked. The wind howled A peal of thunder boomed in the distance.
D. A VILLAGE - The village houses were hurdled together ,surrounded by lush green shrubs and trees - As it was a fruit season, the wind carried the strong fruity aroma, tantalizing all who came across it. - Behind the quaint little huts, thick green forests and hills lends a majestic surrounding to the village. - The garden was a kaleidoscope of colour as red, pink and orange flowers danced gracefully in the gentle breeze E. DAY/NIGHT - The dark night was slowly crawling by and the dawn was approaching As the moon makes a retreat, the sun rises in all its radiance and splendor. - A new day is born. - The night crawled by slowly. - The stars twinkled in the black sky like thousands of fireflies - The cry of million cicadas broke the silence of the night - In the dead of the night, came the sound of the banging of a door.
A SAMPLE OF A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY Describe the biggest challenge in your life The biggest challenge in my life is to get through my SPM examination with good grades. Little did I know that the form five Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia or SPM examination is so important to me. Ever since I have entered secondary school, I have been repeatedly told and reminded by my teachers and my family that SPM exam is very important because it is the stepping stone into my career and my future. But as usual, students like me have taken this matter lightly because we cannot see the future yet. Many students can fairly get through the SPM exam, but how many of us will be able to get through with flying colours is another question. Why is it so important to do well at SPM level? It is simply because it is a gateway to further education and higher education. Strange enough SPM qualification itself does carry weight. A person with SPM qualification only get to be employed as a clerk and may be paid a salary of RM500.00 at the most. But having a good SPM certificate can ensure many other perks. Students with good grades are often offered scholarships to further studies in local or foreign institutions of higher learning. This incentive will be a great motivation to me as I do not have to burden my parents unnecessarily. Moreover, those with good grades are also exempted from sitting for foundation courses in some programmes. This is good because I can save cost and time in pursuing my ambition that is to be a biotechnologist. Those students who do well in SPM are also given priority to get into Form Six or the pre-university classes which are conducted in some schools. The cost is low and affordable for students and parents. Those who want to do their pre-university in a private college because their SPM results are not good enough to be absorbed into government schools, have to pay higher fees. With an excellent SPM result, students can also opt to do their A levels which could take them for an oversea education in countries like the United Kingdom, Australia or even in the United States of America. These countries have excellent tertiary educational programmes which uses the SPM results as their yardstick to take in Malaysian students. Therefore I think the biggest hurdle in my life is the SPM. It is the deciding factor that makes or breaks my future and career. So my advice to all my comrades out there, take the challenge and excel in your studies.
PAST YEAR QUESTIONS
The following writing activities can be carried by the students under the guidance of the teachers to make them better writers.
1) Describe a festival celebrated in your area. (2004) 2) Describe the biggest challenge in your life. (2005) 3) Describe an enjoyable weekend you have experienced. (2006) 4) Describe an embarrassing experience in your life. (2007) 5) Write about a person who has worked hard to succeed in life. (2008) 6) Describe an unforgettable incident that you saw on your way home from school. (2009) 7) Describe the most popular student in your school. (2010)
FACTUAL / EXPOSITORY WRITING
a) Introduction You are required to write a composition which demands some knowledge of the topic. This topic requires the students to investigate an idea, evaluate evidence, expound on the idea and present in a clear and concise manner. It is based on facts such as real events or happenings, real examples and real figures if any. If it is on a current issue, you need to have read about it.
Guidelines in writing factual / expository essay Understand what you should write Have a good knowledge on the topic Jot down relevant point using mind map Arrange the points in sequence / orderly Try to elaborate with real figures, examples, names Points must be well explained or illustrated
DO‟S Have a good knowledge of the topic Jot down the points Define the topic & give relevant examples Arrange points according to importance Give relevant examples & figures Present points clearly Sum up points accurately
DON‟TS Choose a topic if you are not sure about the facts Start writing immediately Start writing without giving any clear definition Jumble up your points Forget to give relevant examples & illustrations Present points poorly End without a conclusion
A SAMPLE OF A FACTUAL / EXPOSITORY ESSAY FOOD „You are digging your grave with your teeth!‟ was the doctor‟s cry to his patient. It is just as true today that people damage their health by eating badly. This is because food nowadays can be obtained in different varieties. Food can become either too much or too little of a good thing to people as well as animals. Of course it is not only the type of food eaten that affects people‟s health but also the amount and how they are cooked. Food holds a special meaning in many people‟s lives. It is not a mere substance to keep one alive, instead there is so much more to it. Some people eat food because they are hungry. However, some may find solace in food especially when people are under constant pressure, anger or solitude. They usually vent their frustrations by eating. They will find anything from the refrigerator to fill their poor stomachs. Stuffs such as sweets, candies, chocolates and junk food become the victims. Food is a passion for people when there is a family gathering or during festive seasons. So food, as a matter of fact, binds the ties among family members because it is during this time that laughter, joy and sorrows are shared over the dining table. In our country, food seems to portray itself with utmost importance. We can find a variety of food among the multiracial people of Malaysia. During festive seasons, we enjoy ourselves with mouth watering food. In fact, we are able to discover the customs of people by means of food. All kinds of traditional delicacies can be savoured by the people of Malaysia. Food can be prepared in many ways. Some of them, especially vegetables can be eaten raw. Food can be steamed, roasted, stewed or fried. Each method of cooking gives food a distinctive taste. Different people prepare food in different ways too. Food is important not only to humans but to animals as well. No living things can survive in this world without eating food. However, food can also be harmful to us if taken too much. We should know the right amount of food to consume, as well as the type of food in order to maintain a healthy life.
PAST YEAR QUESTIONS The following writing activities can be carried by the students under the guidance of the teachers to make them better writers. 1) Clothes (2004) 2) Music (2005) 3) Food (2006) 4) Tomorrow (2007) 5) Stars (2008) 6) Beauty (2009) 7) Home (2010)
TYPES OF SENTENCES FOR WRITING PURPOSES 1) 2) 3) SIMPLE SENTENCES COMPOUND SENTENCES COMPLEX SENTENCES
SIMPLE SENTENCES A simple sentence contains a subject and a predicate, and it expresses a complete thought. In the following simple sentences, subjects are in RED, and predicate are in BLUE. Examples: A) Some pupilslike to eat chicken rice. B) Epin and Upinplay volleyball every evening. C) Zackgoes to the school and studies every day. The three examples above are all simple sentences. Note that sentence B contains a compound subject (Epin and Upin), and sentence C contains a compound verb (goes to the school and studies) in the predicate. Simple sentences, therefore, contain a subject and verb and express a complete thought, but they can also contain compound subjects or verbs.
COMPOUND SENTENCES We may form Compound Sentences by joining two (2) simple sentences with a punctuation mark and a linker. 1. Using a comma and a linker (For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So, etc) Examples: a) The manager tried to help his employees, but they do not listen to him. b) The players played well, forthey feared they might lose thegame. c) She plans to get a scholarship to further her studies, soshe will study very hard to get an excellent result in her exam.
Subject + Predicate,joining word Subject + Predicate. 2. Using a Semicolon ( ; ) Examples: a) The manager tried to help his employees;they do not listen to him. b) The players played well;they feared they might loose the game. c) She plans to get a scholarship to further her studies; she will study very hard to get an excellent result in her exam.
Subject + Predicate;Subject + Predicate. 3. Using a Semicolon (;), a linker (however, therefore, in fact, on the other hand, nonetheless, besides, instead, then, moreover, similarly, nevertheless, etc.) and a Comma(,) Examples: a) The car is sporty ; however, it‟s price is expensive. b) Salina brushes her teeth ; before,she goes to sleep. c) Mohan is hardworking ; so,he can finished all his work on time. Subject + Predicate; transition word ,Subject + Predicate.
COMPLEX SENTENCES We may form Complex Sentences by using one of the two patterns below: Duringrecess time, I go to the canteen. I go to the canteenduringrecess time. Beforethe bell rings, everyone is still in class. Everyone is still in class beforethe bell rings. Linkers/joining words (subordinating conjunctions): As, As if, Because, Since, Although, Even though, When, While, Until, Unless, Where, etc.
Pattern 1 Pattern 2
Linkers,Subject + Predicate, Subject + Predicate. Subject + Predicate , Linkers, Subject + Predicate.
It is important to know that sentences containing adjective clauses are also complex: The man whom my dad talked tois my uncle. The birdthat Ali foundwas alive. The citywhere I grew upis in Malaysia. Subject +Adjective Clause+ Predicate
8 TIPS FOR SPM CONTINUOUS WRITING 1. Write a story because your errors (grammar, spelling, sentence structures and so on) will not be so glaring in a story compared to a factual/argumentative essay. 2. Always write about something real and close to you. It is easier than writing about something fictional, which you have to create and imagine. 3. Combinedescription with narration and you will get a wonderful story (see the sample of a narrative story ending with "We had never laughed so much in our lives"). 4. Prepare a story in advance. Write a story about two pages length; do not write too long because it will make the examiner spend longer time to read and mark your essay, which is quite annoying. Ask your teacher to check the grammar and the sentence structure. Then, memorize everything. Make sure that when you enter the exam hall, you have a story in your mind.Do not go there empty-headed; you will waste a lot of your precious timethinking ofwhat to write on the spot. When you get the question paper, what you have to do is to adjust andadapt the story in your head to the question. Usually the question will ask you to write "a story beginning with..." or "a story ending with...". So, be smart and creative. 5. Be positive (think positively) about yourself because self- confidence is important in writing a creative & interesting story. 6. Be bold to create a story based on personal experience or extensive reading (story books, etc) as it allows your brain to flow freely as ideas can pop up now& then (feel free to express yourself or your thought). Jot it down quickly as the ideas pop up because our minds can play tricks on us. 7. Be smart to evaluate the ideas that pop up in your brain & only choose those are relevant to your story. 8. Be cautious about your sentences (simple, compound & complex) & to be safe, always use simple sentence (weak), simple & compound (average), compound & complex(good). 9. Be adventurous in creating your story either a real life story based on your personal experience or a fictional story with some adjustments based on your extensive reading. 10. A good writerkeeps the examiner guessing whether the story is real or just fiction.
9 SAMPLE EXERCISES FOR THE AVERAGE & WEAK STUDENTS DESCRIPTIVE WRITING/ESSAY My Ideal School (2004) Though I have spent eleven years of my life in schools, I have my own dream of an ideal school. I would want my __(1)__ school to be built __(2)__humanistic values. Since I __(3)__ a naturalist and an __(4)__ ; I would like my __(5)__ to be built surrounded __(6)__ trees, plants and animals. __(7)__ may sound weird, but __(8)__ is definitely better than __(9)__ a school in the __(10)__ jungle. Schools currently are __(11)__ in the middle of __(12)__ , cities and houses. Students __(13)__ to rush everyday through __(14)__ traffic jam, which tires __(15)__ distracts them. These cause __(16)__ stress which in turn __(17)__ them to concentrate on __(18)__ studies. The ideal school __(19)__ I propose is a __(20)__ school with green plants, __(21)__ and petting animals. Students __(22)__ adopt every tree in __(23)__ vicinity and care for __(24)__. They should monitor the __(25)__ of the tree . Since __(26)__ tree is taken as __(27)__ case study, they should __(28)__ their reports periodically. With __(29)__ results they have, they __(30)__ compare and analyze in __(31)__ to improve the __(32)__ of the trees and __(33)__. By doing this, they __(34)__ know it is not __(35)__ for a tree to __(36)__ and how other elements __(37)__ pollution can destroy the __(38)__. In a residential school __(39)__ students take responsibilities in __(40)__ the school and their __(41)__ areas. Living skills like __(42)__, housekeeping, gardening, laundry and __(43)__ daily chores carried out __(44)__ the students. These may __(45)__ sound academic but they __(46)__ part and parcel of __(47)__ and help you to __(48)__ your time and chores. At the end of __(49)__ day when they finish __(50)__ , the students are not __(51)__ academically inclined but also __(52)__ developed.
ANSWER KEY: 1. ideal 2. on 3. am 4. environmentalist 5. to 6. by 7. this 8. it 9. building 10. concrete 11. built 12. towns 13. have 14. the 15. and 16. them 17. unable 18. their 19. that 20. tropical 21. gardens 22. should 23. the 24. it 25. growth 26. the 27. a 28. present 29. the 30. should 31. order 32. growth 33. plants 34. would 35. easy 36. grow 37. like 38. tree 39. where 40. running 41. residential 42. cooking 43. other 44. by 45. not 46. are 47. life 48. manage 49. the 50. schooling 51. only 52. holistically
SAMPLE EXERCISES FOR THE AVERAGE & WEAK STUDENTS NARRATIVE WRITING/ESSAY Write a story ending with: (2008) “…..Now I realize the value of a true friend”. There is hardly any living being who has not gone through the ups and downs of life. Actually life is full of bad as __(1)__ as good incidents. Some of them may __(2)__ forgotten with the passage of time, whereas __(3)__ leave an everlasting imprint on the mind. __(4)__ feels delighted when one is favoured with __(5)__ but plunges into despair during misfortunes. In __(6)__, the wise is he who is neither __(7)__ in prosperity nor takes adversity to heart. Last year, I passed the SPM. Although __(8)__ had fared well in the examination yet I __(9)__ not hopeful of getting first grade. I was very __(10)__ because the question of __(11)__ future career depended on it. The day __(12)__ , when the result was expected to appear __(13)__ the newspaper, I spent a restless night. __(14)__ with my friends, I got up early __(15)__ the morning and wanted to catch the __(16)__ vendor on his way. Soon he appeared __(17)__ about the SPM results and I hurriedly __(18)__ the paper and started searching for my __(19)__. It was a matter of immense surprise __(20)__ pleasure to find that I stood second __(21)__ my school securing first grade. My other __(22)__ also passed securing good marks. In order __(23)__ celebrate our happiness, we chalked out a __(24)__ to go to some picnic sport at __(25)__ Dickson. We reached Port Dickson at twelve o‟clock __(26)__ headed straight to the Glory Beach resort __(27)__ was a lovely picnic resort. The white __(28)__ beach was occupied by the visitors. We __(29)__ a place under a coconut tree __(30)__ sat there. I immediately rushed towards the sea and __(31)__ my shock and surprise that a boy __(32)__ drowning. He was crying for help. I immediately __(33)__ into the water and swarm towards the __(34)__ boy. I caught hold of the boy __(35)__ a great struggle and dragged him towards __(36)__ bank. He was in a semi-conscious __(37)__.When I looked at him closely, I __(38)__ surprised to know that he was at __(39)__ time my classmate. We were good friends __(40)__ later on we drifted apart. He was __(41)__ medical aid and after some time, he __(42)__ consciousness. I was delighted to see him__(43)__. My joy knew no bounds because I __(44)__saved the life of a boy who __(45)__ had been my friend. He looked at __(46)__ and recognized me as well. He hugged me __(47)__ whispered, “Now I realize the __(48)__ of a true friend.”
ANSWER KEY :
1. well 2. be 3. others 4. one 5. fortune 6. fact 7. overjoyed 8. I 9. was 10. anxious 11. my 12. earlier 13. in 14. along 15. in 16. newspaper 17. shouting 18. took 19. result 20. and 21. in 22. friends 23. to 24. programme
25. Port 26. and 27. which 28. sandy 29. picked 30. and 31. to 32. was 33. jumped 34. drowning 35. after 36. the 37. state 38. was 39. one 40. but 41. given 42. regained 43. recovering 44. had 45. once 46. me 47. and 48. value
SAMPLES OF INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPHS NARRATIVE WRITING TOPIC : DESCRIBE AN OCCASION WHEN YOU WERE VERYFRIGHTENED SAMPLE : The bus was travelling at high speed. I have been used to several trips like this before but this time I felt frightened. The driver was a new face, the weather was bad and the traffic was heavy. The passengers were unusually quiet and had looks of anxiety, just as I had. DESCRIPTIVE WRITING TOPIC : My Neighbour SAMPLE : The moment Mr Seng is up and about, you cannot miss his cherry “Good morning, Alice”. Practically everyone gets a personalized greeting. Even if you get out on the wrong side of the bed, you are “right” again, with Mr Seng‟s cheerful and pleasant disposition. What would people like me do without Mr Seng? ARGUMENTATIVE WRITING TOPIC : Should co-curicular activities be made compulsory in schools? SAMPLE : Co-curricular activities involve students‟ participation in clubs or societies and sporting activities outside school hours. In my opinion, I strongly believe that co-curricular activities is important for overall self- development and should be made compulsory in schools.
GRAPHIC MATERIALS & SHORT TEXTS
Paper 2 Section A
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1. Study the advertisement below.
Get designer handbags and shoes at giveaway prices. The sale is on from 15th – 16th November, 9 a.m. – 10 p.m. All items must go. Cash only, credit cards will not be accepted. Lot 32, Jalan Pahang, 55000 Kuala Lumpur.
What is this advertisement about? A. B. C. D. 2. A one-month warehouse sale in Jalan Pahang. A two-day sale for handbags and shoes. The sale of unusual handbags and shoes. The sales of a warehouse on the 15th and 16th of November.
NATURAL COOL HERBAL PRODUCT Miracle face creams that keep your skin young and smooth. The perfect choice for young and modern people.
The advertisement claims that the product makes the skin A. B. C. young and modern youthful rosy
Read the pamphlet below and answer the question that follows. INTENSIVE ENGLISH CLASSES • • These classes are designed for students, working adults and housewives. Results guaranteed- can speak and write good English after six months.
Topics: Conversational English, Listening Comprehension, Grammar and Writing
3. The statement that best describes the pamphlet is A. B. C. D. The classes teach design for working adults and housewives. Only students can attend the courses on grammar. The courses enable the students to master English in six months. The classes are specially designed for students only.
Read the label below and answer the question that follows.
LULU SPICY NOODLES
1. Directions for preparation: 1. Put the noodles into a bowl. 2. Fill the bowl with boiling water. 3. Cover the bowl and leave for 3 minutes. 4. Add the seasoning. 5. Stir well and serve hot. Ingredients: Flour, palm oil, chilli, salt, dried chives Manufactured by: GoodOne Noodle Factory 4. Lulu Spicy Noodles need to be A. boiled in water B. served with chives C. eaten when hot D. seasoned with salt 5. Many people like to eat the noodle because it is A. hot B. easy to prepare C. seasoned with salt
Read the job advertisement below and answer the question that follows. A WELL-KNOWN RESTAURANT IN SINGAPORE requires
Specialising in Thai and Western cuisine. Salary depends on your ability and skill ( range of S$1500 – S$2000 ) Accommodation will be provided. Please call +65-9030 5674 for interview 6. Which of the following is not required for the job? A. ability B. skill C. accommodation 7. Those interested in the job should A. wait for a letter for an interview B. made an appointment for an interview C. prepare Thai and Western dish Read the coupon below and answer the questions that follow. GET A FREE COPY OF „PASS WITH DISTINCTIONS‟ Name Sex IC Tel(H) Tel(O) Address Postcode : : : : : : : Send your coupon to: Star Publisher P.O. Box 65, Jalan Raja Siong Post Office 37900 KUALA LUMPUR 8. The coupon enables one to A. get a free cinema pass B. enter a book exhibition free of charge C. buy a book at a good discount D. get a complimentary copy of a book 9. Which of the following is incorrect about the coupon? A. The publisher uses a post-office address. B. We have to promote „Pass With Distinctions‟. C. We can get a free copy by posting the coupon. D. We have to complete the coupon before posting it.
CARTOONS / IDIOMS 10. Read the statement below and answer the question that follows.
The lady is telling the man that they A. can be heard by other staff B. are leaning against the wall C. are blocked by the wall D. should listen to the wall 11. Read the statement below and answer the question that follows.
The manager is telling his staff that the office has A. a lot of paper B. no order for paper C. no more paper 12. Read the statement below and answer the question that follows.
By saying these words, the man is A. asking the lady to drop him off. B. Inviting the lady to his house. C. Asking the lady when she is free.
13. Read the statement below and answer the question that follows:
The man means that while travelling, he A. has enjoyed travelling. B. feels tired and lonely C. has missed his home.
Read the statement below and answer the questions that follow. Don‟t judge the book by its cover 14. This statement warns us not to A. look at the book carefully B. buy a book without cover C. be misled by a person‟s appearance 15. The saying that is similar in meaning is A. Look before you leap B. New broom sweeps clean C. All that glitters is not gold D. Strike while the iron is hot 16. Read the statement below and answer the question that follows.
The man is advising his son to A. study properly and systematically B. do it the way he has been taught C. show him that he can do it D. be determined in what he does
17. Read the statement below and answer the question that follows.
The phrase passed with flying colours means that the boy has A. used many types of colours B. bought water colours C. passed with good results 18. Read the statement below and answer the question that follows.
The girl is accusing the boy of being A. brave B. timid C. clever 19. Read the statement below and answer the question that follows.
Linda is telling her mother that A. she knows Aunt Pauline B. she ran with Aunt Pauline C. she met Aunt Pauline at the bank
20. Read the statement below and answer the question that follows.
By saying red letter day, she means that A. she is very busy B. it is a working day C. it is an important day
transport 10% entertaiment 10% food 40%
transport 20% entertaiment 5% food 35% food rental entertaiment transport
21. The pie chart of 2009 shows that Sam‟s expenses on food and rental were A. the same B. different C. the least
22. The two pie charts show that Sam A. spent the most on rental for both years B. spent the same on food for both years C. spent more money on food in 2009 D. had higher transport expenses in 2009
Enrolment at Suria Tuition Centre
400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 BM English Maths Science Commerce
23. The enrolment figures show that the A. classes are very big B. tutors are not qualified C. commerce classes are popular D. English tuition is most sought-after NUMBER OF TOURISTS TO MALAYSIA Country 2008 2009 Japan 70 000 85 000 Middle East 50 000 45 000 Canada 35 000 26 000 Korea 19 000 20 000
2010 60 000 48 000 30 000 36 000
24. We can conclude from the table that A. most of the tourists who came to Malaysia are from Europe B. most of the tourists who came to Malaysia from 2008 to 2010 are from East Asia C. there is a steady increase of tourists from Canada
TEXTS/NEWS REPORT/MOVIE REVIEWS/LETTERS 25. Read the news report below and answer the question that follows. SENAWANG, Wed: A family of seven people were killed in a fire at a shop house. The bodies of the victims were all charred beyond recognition. A state Fire and Rescue Department Operations Officer said that the fire occurred at 3 a.m. The family were sleeping in three rooms on the upper floor of the shop house. From the news report, we know that A. not all in the family died in the fire B. the shop house was partially burnt C. the fire victims were badly burnt D. an explosion started the fire 26. Read the movie review below and answer the question that follows. KARATE MEN Two martial arts fighters have to overpower a terrorist and his bodyguards on a tropical island. Action-packed and keeps you on your edge. Ends with a twist.Starring: Bob Dylan and Jack Lyon
The word overpower can be replaced with A. overdo B. fight C. challenge D. subdue
27. Read the letter below and answer the question that follows. Dear Leela, I have to tell you about the flood. My village was flooded last Monday. The water level was so high that we had to evacuate. The police sent boats to my village and helped the victims to move. We moved to a school that is on higher ground. Fortunately, the water subsided the next day. Hani When the flood victims were forced to evacuate, they had to A. lock their houses B. drive their cars away C. move their furniture D. leave their houses 28. Read the text below and answer the question that follows. Exercising is a good way of reducing stress. This leads to mental health. People who are involved in sports are more likely to have good mental and physical health. Playing games improves the person‟s alertness. Besides, people who play games have better control of their emotion. The main idea in this text is that exercise develops the A. brains B. oral skill C. mental state D. person‟s intelligence 29. Read the text below and answer the question that follows. If live longer and lower the risk of heart disease, a move to the mountains may help. A research by scientists in Greece shows that mountain dwelling is good for the heart and longevity. People living at higher altitude have lower odds of dying from heart disease that those closer to sea level, even if they have factors that could increase their risk. What is the writer‟s message? A. One can live a healthier life in the mountains. B. Mountain dwellers do not die from heart diseases. C. Mountain dwelling is full of risks. D. One can be free of diseases at a high altitude.
Read the text below and answer the questions that follow. There was already a large crowd on the school field when I arrived. Here were tents for the athletes to get ready. When the Director of the School Board arrived, he was greeted by our school principal, Encik Adnan. Then, the National Anthem was sung, followed by the march past. The races took place between 10.00 a.m. and 11.30 a.m. There were the 100-metre, 200-metre and 300-metre races were the highlight of the sports events. 30. According to the passage, the march past took place A. before the National Anthem B. after the National Anthem C. after the arrival of the guest 31. The highlight of an event is usually A. the opening B. the closing ceremony C. the most exciting part D. the break between events E. SIGNS
1. The sign tells the car owners that the management A. forbids parking outside B. park their own cars inside C. is not responsible for any loss D. is a risky management
2. The sign is hung at the door by the hotel A. cleaners B. bell boy C. manager D. guests
3. Anyone who wants to enter the hall must A. dress fancifully for the function B. wear the latest fashion C. be in formal attire D. be ladies only
PLEASE TAKE ONE
4. If customers see this sign, they can A. take one copy B. take and read C. read only D. buy one copy
5. This sign is displayed on the A. door of an office B. gate of a house C. door of a building D. door in a house
6. The sign means that only those A. working in the company can enter B. wearing uniforms can enter C. living nearby can enter D. doing delivery
7. The sign tells customers that they have to A. use their credit cards B. withdraw cash from there C. show their cash at the counter D. pay for purchase in cash
8. This sign indicates that you can A. only for parking B. park pick-ups only C. only to load your car D. only drive-thru
9. This message is seen at A. the cinema ticket booth B. the bus lane by the road C. the check-in counter D. the automatic teller machine
10. This sign is usually seen at these places except the A. bank B. post office C. cinema D. market
11. This sign means that those who A. come first are served first B. come early are served C. are behind come first D. come late have to go 12. This sign is usually placed in front of the A. hotel lift B. motor workshop C. toll both D. restaurant
EXERCISE 1 Fill in the blanks with the correct answer. Many people know Pulau Gemia as one of the many beautiful islands off the coast of Terengganu. Just a fifteen-minute boat ride away from Marang town, the island is a privately-owned one with well-maintained villas and beaches. There is also a thriving turtle hatchery run and (9)………. by Encik Rani Awang, a recreational supervisor in charge of guiding resort guests of the best diving and snorkelling spots. (10) ……… he is not working, he turns his full attention to his „babies‟ or turtles – the greenbacks and leatherbacks which are fast diminishing (11) …….. number. “I was previously a boatman and know this area well. Turtles coming ashore to (12) ……… eggs were common. Sadly, times have changed. I was disturbed to see so many of the eggs (13) ……. collected and sold for consumption,“ he said. He made up his mind to do his part for conservation when he came (14) …….. a dead turtle on the beach one day. ”They are already battling for survival in (15) ……. waters that are full of predators. And this is what people are doing to them. Something must be done,” he added 9. a b c d a b c d a b c d a b c d maintain maintains maintained maintaining How When While Where by in on at lie lay laid lain 13. a b c be been being
a b c d a b c d
from onto away upon this that these those
EXERCISE 2 Like the pitahaya or dragon fruit, abiu, a close relative of sweet ciku, is not a local fruit. Both the dragon fruit and abiu contain healthy nutrients and are rich in vitamins. (9) ……. the dragon fruit is now widely sold in supermarkets and is widely (10) ……. abiu which comes from Amazon, is still unknown. Unknown (11) …… many, one thousand abiu trees were planted at the agricultural department station in Hulu Paka, Terengganu and now after three years, are (12) fruits with golden peels when ripe. Abiu is nutritious and bears fruits the whole year (130 ……. In South America, the sweet succulent pulp is normally eaten (14) …….. or chilled or used as a dressing on ice creams. In Brazil, it is eaten to relieve coughs and bronchitis. Besides, abiu is also valued for (15) ……… wood which is dense and heavy. The agricultural station has plans to popularise this species and make it a popular house plant. 9. a b c d a b c d a b c d a b c d as since when while cultivate cultivates cultivated cultivating by to for from bear bore bears bearing 13. a b c d a b c d a b c d after round around onward fresh freshly fresher freshen it its it‟s its‟
EXERCISE 3 Plants are a good source of food for people and animals. One such (9) ….. of plants is the one grown for its seeds. The seeds are (10) …. for their grains such as wheat, rice and corn. They make (11)…… food. Plants also provide us (12) …….. from seeds like coconuts, oil palm, groundnuts and sunflower seeds. Soya and pepper are the seeds of soya and pepper plants. Drinks made from soya bean (13) …… tasty and nutritious. Plant roots such as carrots, turnips and potatoes are also eaten. They contain vitamins. We also eat (14) …… leaves of plants like lettuce, spinach and cabbage as well as the stalks such as celery. Plants like beans and peas are rich in proteins. Plants also give us fruits supplying us with abundant vitamin C. 9. a b c d a b c d a b c d a b c type style stem method gather gathers gathering gathered nutrition nutrients nutritious nutritionist by with along 14. a b c d a b c were are was is a an the
a b c
come came comes
EXERCISE 4 With the functions available today, a mobile phone is not just a tool of communication. It is also a personal digital (9) ……. , an internet browser, a payment channel and a data transmitter. Mobile phones have become a (10) ……… .as well as a lifestyle convenience. While mobile phones are rapidly becoming more common around (11) …….. world, the mobile phones now are capable of accessing the Internet. (12) …….. includes sending and receiving e-mail. This has led to the creation of original Internet content for mobile-phone users. These sites (13) …….. towards mobile phones have been referred to as the „second Internet‟. Users of these services (14) ………. use their mobile phones to purchase concert and airline tickets (15) ……… also do their banking. Some phones also functions in place of a wallet. Mobile phones with digital cameras are an enormous hit among people in their teens and twenties. 9. a b c d a b c d a b c a b c assist assisting assisted assistant need necessary necessity necessarily the an a This That These 13. a b c d a b c d a b c D orients oriented orienting orient might must can may however although but and
EXERCISE 5 Klausner had invented a sound machine (9) …….. he believed would enable him to hear sounds that humans (10) ……….. not. While he was out in the garden testing (11) …….. machine, he heard strange sounds. He believed that the sounds (12) ……..from the roses his neighbour was cutting. Later, he twisted the daisy stem (13) ……… heard the same sound of pain. The next day, he heard strange sounds when he (14)…….. cutting a tree trunk. He summoned the doctor to the park. The doctor listened to the machine and the tree came crashing (15) …….. and crushed the machine. The doctor thought he was mad and took him home.
a c d
when which who what could must should your its his come came coming
a b c d a b c d a b c d
but and so over is was has had up over down upon
a b c a b c a b c
EXERCISE 6 To reduce acid rain, we need to (9) ……… the amount of acid pollutants in the air. We can (10) ………. by decreasing the number of motor vehicles on the road as they are the (11) ……… source of acid pollutants. We can carpool, use public transport, walk (12) …….. cycle to some of our destinations. We can fit (13)……. motor vehicles with catalytic converters to reduce the amount of pollutants they release (14) ………. the air by installing devices to remove (15) ……. of the pollutants from gases and smoke that come out of chimneys at power stations and factories. 9. a B C D a B C D a B C D a B C D reduce reduces reducing reduced began begin begins beginning bigger biggest most big most bigger and but or so 13. a b c his their our
a b c d a b c
in into by on any a lot some
EXERCISE 7 MELAKA, Fri.- Police seized 350 cartons of cigarettes and 400 cartons of expensive liquor in a pre-dawn raid at a house in Kampung Belukar yesterday. It is believed that Malaysian (1) …….. amounting to RM50 000 had not been paid on the items. Acting on a tip-off, a (2) …… of policemen led by Inspector Ali Hanafi, (3)……… the house and apprehend five men. It was (4) …… that two of them had entered the country illegally. The police also (5)……. 2000 CDs believed to be (6) …….. copies of popular Hindi films and computer software programmes. On (7)…….. , it was discovered that the goods had been smuggled in from a neighbouring country and were meant for (8)……… in Melaka, Negeri Sembilan and Johor. The five men are expected to be (9)…… in court tomorrow for evading duty on goods. Police spokesman ACP Glen Koding said, “We will (10)……. for a deterrent sentence to (11)…….. others from smuggling goods into our country.” 1. a b c d a B c d a b c d a b c d a b c d a b c d money funds loans duty gang team station division raided charged attacked investigated seen known assumed discovered hid took seized captured new old hidden pirated 7. a b c d a b c d a b c d a b c d a b c d question questions questioned questioning distribute distributed distribution distributing seen charged brought imprisoned wish hope press insist stop encourage discourage encouraging
ANSWER KEY A. ADVERTISMENT/LABEL/POSTER 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. B. A B C C B 6. 7. 8. 9. C B D B
CARTOON/IDIOM 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. A C B C C C 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. D C B C C
TABLE/CHART/DIAGRAM/MAP/PICTURE 12. 13. 14. 15. A C D B
TEXT/NEWS REPORT/MOVIE REVIEWS/LETTER 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. C D D C A B C
SIGNS 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. C D C A A A 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. D C A D A D
F. EX. 1 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
CLOZE TEXT EX. 2 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. EX. 3 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
B B B B C D C
D C B D B A B
A D C B B C C
EX. 4 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
D C A A B C D
EX. 5 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
B A C B B B C
EX. 6 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
A B B C C B C
EX. 7 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.
A B A D C D D C B C A
Paper 2 Section B
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SECTION B EXERCISE 1 Read the following descriptions on the different types of herbs and answer the questions that follow. Tumeric or kunyit grows in tufts, with leaves alternately arranged. They are light green and flaccid. There are no true stems. The rhizomes or roots are fleshy and branch off at right angles forming a dense clump. They are aromatic orange brown on the outside but bright orange inside. It has a variety of uses in cooking and cosmetics. It is used during traditional ceremonies and to treat bruises and wounds. The leaves are also used in cooking. Peppermint or pudina has attractive, lanceshaped aromatic leaves supported by thin square stems. A popular herb in many local dishes, it also replenishes us with minerals like zinc and magnesium. It is best known for its menthol which gives a cooling fragrance and taste.
olyganum minus or kesom is native to Southeast Asia. It has slightly dark green leaves that taper to a point. A sharp fragrance comes from the leaves that shoot out alternately from the stems. They contain certain minerals and are made into oils. It is an essential ingredient in many local dishes
Ginger flower or bunga kantan or siantan locally, is known as torch ginger. The flowers are showy pink and has a tall perennial look. It gives a special sharp fragrance to Asian soups and curries. The finely shredded ginger buds are sprinkled in laksa soups or eaten raw as garnishing.
Lemon grass or serai is aromatic Asian plant. It is a tall grass with sharp-edged leaves and grows in clumps. The whitish and slightly bulbous base gives the lemony flavour to curries. The fragrant variety gives a stronger scent to traditional cooking. It is also an ingredient in herbal baths.
Using information from the description, complete the following table. Herb Lemon grass Peppermint Ginger flower The part that is used 16. 17. 18. Uses Gives flavour to curries. 21. 22. Gives a sharp fragrance to soups. 23. Used in * Cooking * Cosmetic 24. 25.
The leaves Tumeric 20.
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4D/3N Hong Kong Shopping Tour from RM1519 per person based on twin sharing
5D/3N Tokyo –Mount Fuji-Hakone Tour from Rm3999 Pwr person based on twin sharing (travel period: 6-10 April 2011 7D/5N Turkey Delight Tour from RM4466 per person based on twin sharing (travel period: 19-24 Oct 2011)
Description 1. Suriana has RM1000. 2. Rohana wants to go shopping. 3. Zakri wants to bring his wife to Venice 4. Adlina and friends only have holidays in April 5. Caroline plans for vacation in October 6. Rosnah and husband can only go for a 6-day vacation 7. The booking period is for ........................................... days
8. One has to travel between ............................................................... 9. The travel packages are brought by ................................................. 10. The package that offers more than RM5000 is .................................
BANANA The banana "tree" is not really a tree, but a giant herb. The banana is the fruit of this herb. The cluster of bananas sold in supermarkets is a "hand" of bananas, while the individual bananas on the hand are called fingers. The strings that go up and down the length of bananas are called Phloem Bundles. They help distribute nutrients to every part of the growing bananas. The yellow bananas that are most often sold in supermarkets are sometimes called "dessert bananas" because they are soft and sweet. Plantains are a type of banana that are not as sweet and are usually cooked. While not as commonly eaten in North America, plantains are a dietary staple in many tropical regions. It is believed by many experts that bananas were the first fruit cultivated by humans. Alexander the Great first came across bananas in India in 327 B.C. Bananas were introduced to the United States at the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Celebration, where they were sold wrapped in foil for 10 cents each. Worldwide, bananas are the fourth largest fruit crop. The average American consumes 28 pounds of bananas per year. The banana peel is edible, though perhaps not very palatable unless cooked. About 50 percent of people who are allergic to latex are often also allergic to bananas. India is the number one banana producer in the world. The most popular banana cultivar in the world is the Cavendish. This is the banana most often seen in U.S. and European markets. In Uganda, bananas are such a big part of the diet that the same word,matooke, is used for both "food" and "banana." The banana split was invented in 1904 by 23year-old David Evans Strickler, an employee at the Tassel Pharmacy soda fountain in Latrobe, Pennsylvania.
1.Cluster of banana is called ...................
2. An individual banana is called ................................
3. Banana sold at supermarkets is known as ..............................
4. Banana that needs to be cooked is known as ..................................
5. Banana was first found in the year ........................
6. An average American consumption of banana in a year – ..................................
7. A person who is allergy to banana usually is also allergy to .............................................
8. World number one banana producer is ..................................
9. World most popular banana cultivar is .................................. 10. Banana split was introduced by .............................................
ANSWER KEY EXERCISE 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 the bulbous base the leaves the ginger buds the leaves the rhizomes/roots used in many local dishes used in soup and curries/eaten raw made into oil traditional ceremonies to treat bruises and wounds
EXERCISE 2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 3D/2N Bali Free & Easy 4D/3N Hong Kong Shopping Tour 7D/4N Rome-Florence-Venice Tour 5D/3N Tokyo-Mount Fuji-Hakone Tour 7D/5N Turkey Delight Tour 7D/5N Turkey Delight Tour/6D/4N Lovely Korea 7 days 21 March-31 December 2011 Malaysia Airlines 7D/4N Rome-Florence-Venice Tour
EXERCISE 3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. a hand finger dessert bananas plantain 327 B.C. 28 pounds per year latex India Cavendish David Evans Strickler
READING COMPREHENSION & SUMMARY
Paper 2 Section C
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EXERCISE 1 Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow. 1 Quiet and freedom from distraction are essential for private study. There is everything to be said for habitually studying in the same place. Books and materials are at hand, and do not have to be transported from one place to another. The familiar room provides the right atmosphere and stimulus for work. Unfortunately it is not always easy to find this desirable environment. If you have to live in lodgings, you may have to live with non-students who do not realize that quiet and privacy are necessary for study; and even if your privacy is respected, you may still be distracted by noise or music or by the mere awareness that others are “enjoying themselves” while you are working. Often friends are the worst enemies of study, if they keep dropping in on you for gossip or idle conservation, or try and tempt you away for a drink, a game of cards, etc. The only remedy against wasting your time away in this way is to be firm in keeping set hours for work, and in letting your friends know these hours are. All productive workers are forced to set aside certain hours for work, and to insist that they are not to be disturbed these hours by telephone calls or visitors. A study, then, is usually the best place for serious work. There are some students, however, who have a perfectly suitable study room, but still find it hard to work there. There may be a radio to turn on, a photograph of a sweetheart to gaze upon, food and drink temptingly available, etc. Also, it is easy to fall into the trap of daydreaming. Even Dr Johnson, who was a very scholarly writer of 19 th century England,admitted that he could not concentrate on difficult questions for long periods when he was alone in his study room. Only those who are strongly motivated are able to work for long in solitude. Others may find it easier to work in libraries. Research in fact shows that students who habitually work in libraries do better in their studies than those who do not. The sight of others working sometimes makes it easier to get down to work; behaviour is more disciplined as there are rules against talking. So if you are a person who is strongly affected by external stimulation you may find it easier to work in a library or classroom, where others are also working. Another factor that affects one‟s ability to study well is noise. Anyone who has had to do much intellectual work must at times have been distracted or even maddened by noise. A distinction has to be made between “meaningless” noise and more meaningful sounds such as music or conversation. Meaningful sounds, although of less intensity, can obviously be much more distracting than sheer noise.
Noise, especially man-made noise, is a problem because little control over it is possible, short of wearing earplugs. Much depends on your attitude to the source of noise. I work a few hundred yards from a factory plant which is seldom silent, and whose loud discontinuous clanging appalls most visitors. But it is possible to get used to it, and even to feel happy about it, by regarding it as a symbol of industry and national prosperity. The noises made by neighbours tend to be more upsetting, because they often seem to arise from lack of consideration and ignorance on the part of the neighbours.
Answer all the questions. 1. “There is everything to be said for habitually studying in the same place” (line 2-3). Explain the meaning of this statement. ………………………………………………………………………………….. (1 mark) 2. What are two advantages of having a special room to study in? ….…………………………………………………………………………………………. ….………….………………………………………………………………….. (2 marks) 3. Why it is not good for a student to share his lodgings with tenants whoare not students? Give two reasons. ….…………………………………………………………………………………………. …..…………………………………………………………………………….. (2 marks) (a) How may our friends cause us to do badly in our studies? ………………………………………………………………………………….. (1 mark) (b) What should a person do if he realizes that his friends are causinghim to neglect his studies? ….…………………………………………………………………………………………. ….………….………………………………………………………………….. (2 marks) 5. Give two reasons why some people find it easier to study in the library than in a personal study. ….…………………………………………………………………………………………. ….………….………………………………………………………………….. (2 marks)
Summary When choosing a place to study, many factors need to be considered. Write a summary about favourable conditions for effective studying and things that distract students from studying and what to do about them. Your summary must be in continuous writing not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below use material from lines 1 to 49 Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning. Begin your summary as follows: To study effectively, one should be free from distractions such ………………………... ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………………………..
EXERCISE 2 Questions 26 - 30 are based on the following passage. The following passage is about a woman Patricia Zahara Arffin, 7I , who lives her life to the fullest, unlike most senior citizens. 1 Patricia Zahara Ariffin, 71, is a body painter. She paints pictures on people's faces and hands at the National Zoo. Visitors will definitely notice her while waiting to take the train ride at the starting point. She will be there, with her forearm stretched out to show off the various animals she has painted on her skin. "Get your face painted," this sprightly lady will say 5 to persuade the 5 children. "Won't it be cute to have a little dolphin on your hand?" she will suggest to them. Sometimes, she would be mobbed, surrounded by those eager children to have her "masterpiece" on their skins. Sometimes, she sits alone under her large umbrella with her tubes of water-based paints and brushes. 10 Patricia is not a professional artist. Art critics describe her paintings of owls, eagles, tigers and fishes as "cute". Nothing more. This is not a big deal to the English native who came here after her marriage to a Malaysian in the 1950s. After all, she only started face-and-hand painting in March when theMalaysian Nature Society needed something novel to attract the 15 crowd to come to their Floral Exhibition in Tanjung Tuan, Melaka. Patricia can always be seen at the train ride station, come rain or shine, on most Saturdays, because painting has always been her passion. Besides that it gives her happiness to see that the fruits of her labour help the animals in the zoo. "It's not so much the trouble," insisted the former 20 headmistress who revealed that all proceeds are given to the zoo for the animals' upkeep. “I have seen some of the children jumping up and down after getting their faces painted and that gives her the most satisfaction. Some people have slippery skin which makes it very hard for the paint to stick so you have to apply thicker layers. Another problem is hairiness 25 which makes it impossible for any work to be done," she said." Unless they shave, there is no way the paint would stick. One guy proposed that I do a painting on his neck which was about the only spot that didn't have hair," she laughed. Listening to her stories, one may think Patricia has never experienced 30 any sad moment. On the contrary, she spent the last three years of her life grieving. That was when her husband, the late Jamil Ariffin, passed away due to bonecancer. She refused to meet people or take part in social activities. Later, she came to her senses and realised that this was not the way to live .Being old does not mean that you should give up an active life. 35 Many old people lose their flexibility when they are not active for a long period of time." she added .She later joined the Malaysian Nature Society.
As a member of the Malaysian Nature Society, Patricia tries to take part in as many activities as she can. She goes bird-watching, looks out for frogs, snakes and other reptiles and follows the marine group for snorkeling 40 trips in Pulau Tioman. She also supports the World Wildlife Fund For Nature. Recently, she went to Terengganu and Melaka to patrol parts of the beaches which have been declared turtle sanctuaries. Patricia is asthmatic and uses an artificial hip. Despite that, she is an active volunteer with the National Association of Stroke of Malaysia. 45 According to her, "being old helps" as the stroke patients at the physiotherapy class she attends, feel encouraged with her around. This golden girl who goes line dancing to keep fit has visited many countries. In the near future she plans to visit lndia to see the Taj Mahal. "l want to see the monument of love before it crumbles." she said. 50 (Adapted from Sunday Metro. December 2008)
26. From paragraph 1, what does Patricia Zahara Ariffin do at the National Zoo? ………………………………………………………………………………….(1 mark) 27. Fromparagraph3, (a) WhatdoesPatriciado with all themoney she getsfromherpaintings? ………………………………………………………………………………….(1 mark) (b) Which word has the same meaning as‟ a strong feeling to do something‟? ………………………………………………………………………………….(1 mark) 28. From paragraph 4, describe two challenges that Patricia faces as a body painter. i. ..………………………………………………………………………………(1 mark) ii. ..……………..………………………………………………………………(1 mark) 29. From paragraph 6, (a) State two activities that Patricia does with the Malaysian Nature Society members. (i)......................................................................................................(1 mark) (ii)......................................................................................................(1 mark) (b) Why is it necessary to guard parts of the beaches of Terengganu and Melaka? ………………………………………………………………………………….(1 mark)
30. In your own words, give two reasons why Patricia is considered active. (i).............................................................................................................(1 mark) (ii)............................................................................................................(1 mark)
Question 31 Basedon the passagegiven write a summary on why Patriciaenjoys face-andhandpainting andher other activities after her husband's death. Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the originalmeaning. Your summary must
. be in continuous writing (not in note form) . use material from lines 21 - 61 . not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below
Begin your summary as follows: Patricia enjoys doing face-and-hand painting at the zoo because painting .................. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. (15 marks)
EXERCISE 3 1 “Bye, Aunt Iva,” Audrey said, pulling, on fluffy mittens. “It‟s getting late and I have to go home before dark.” Standing on her aunt‟s porch, she breathed in the crisp, late autumn air. Aunt Iva shivered in her thin sweater as she hugged Audrey. Stuffing a package of homemade chocolate chip cookies in Aubrey‟s pocket, she added. “I enjoy your 5 visits, dear. How would I manage doing my mopping and laundry without your help? We lost track of time! Will you be all right going home?” she asked, draping a wool scarf around Audrey‟s neck. Audrey was accustomed to her aunt‟s nervous nature. “I‟ll be fine! Don‟t worry!” Waving to Aunt Iva, she sprinted towards home. Giggling 10 silently to herself, she thought of the possibility of no school tomorrow. Snow days were fun! “Henson, where are you?” She called hurrying through the yard. “Time to go home!” The sun slowly disappeared behind the hills. Audrey shivered in her 15 coat. The cold air chilled her bones. The one-mile hike leading to home through the woods was familiar, but she had never walked the hike late in the evening. Reaching the opening that led deep into the forest, she paused. A lump formed in her throat. In the fading light, the path was darker than ever. The snow began to fall heavily and she calmly took a 20 deep breath. In order to reach home before dark, she had to hurry. Entering the woods, her footsteps crushed the dead leaves carpeting the ground. The inviting sounds of crunching leaves were usually calming but as the evening progressed, the bare tree branches seemed to reach out and try to snag her coat as she passed. A tapping sound startled 25 Audrey and she looked up at the tall trees casting twisted shadows everywhere. A woodpecker was pecking the bark of a rotting tree, busily hunting for insects. Breathing deeply, she continued to walk. The snow plummeted suddenly, blinding her vision more than a few feet in front of her. Increasing her pace, she ripped over a hidden log in the path and fell 30 to the ground. Breathless and a bit shaken, she reached down and rubbed a sore spot on her leg. A pointy branch had ripped her pants and scraped her exposed skin. Grabbing onto a nearby tree, she pulled herself up. Luckily, she was not hurt too badly. The thought of being trapped in the cold, dark woods gave her goose bumps. 35 Unfamiliar sounds echoed behind her and she glanced back on the forest path that faded in the dark. Shrugging off her wild imagination, she turned and continued home. A flock of birds shooting out of a thicket of bushes stunned her and she darted and scampered over limbs and rocks. No sound escaped as she tried to scream, her dry throat was 40 frozen. Panting heavily, Audrey stopped to catch her breath. Glancing around, she realized she was off the path. The landscape looked unfamiliar. She must be lost! Puffs of her breath surrounded her in cloud
of fog. Collapsing on a nearby log, she controlled her shaking legs. As she 45 thought about who or what was following her, her breathing returned to a normal rhythm. “That‟s it!” she shouted and leapt up from the log. Henson was following her! Cupping her hands around her mouth, Audrey yelled. “Henson!” Her voice echoed throughout the woods. Crunching sounds in the distance came toward her and Audrey 50 clenched her fists at her sides. Was she mistaken? Was she in danger? Within moments, Henson appeared. Dashing over a log, he barked and leaped into her arms, covering her face with wet, slobbery kisses. Henson bounded out of her arms. Audrey followed the dog and hoped he would lead her home and not toward a fidgety rabbit. 55 Within moments Audrey heard a distant hum of a tractor. Her face lit up. Audrey ran towards the welcoming noise with Henson at her heels. The last light of day beamed through a forest clearing. Bursting through the clearing, and into the pasture, she spotted the tractor chugging in the distance. 60 Dad‟s familiar straw hat dotted the horizon as he drove the tractor, pulling a hay wagon behind it. Elmer, his cowhand, tossed bails of hay off the wagon for the cows to eat. Waving wildly at her dad, she smiled as he tipped his straw hat in greeting. “Henson, you did it. You helped lead me home!” Audrey danced in 65 circles laughing. “Let‟s go home and drink hot chocolate and eat chocolate chip cookies.” Henson barked at her.
Answer all questions. You are advised to answer them in the order set. 1. From paragraph 2, why was Audrey giggling? …………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. From paragraph 4, give two reasons why she was feeling uneasy as she entered the forest. i. ………………………………………………………………………………………… ii. ………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. From paragraph 4, give two reasons why she was feeling uneasy as she From paragraph 7, why did she leap up from the log? …………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. From paragraph 8, what was Audrey still worried about as she followed the dog? ……………………………………………………………………………………………
From paragraph 9 and 10, what two things made Audrey convinced that she had reached home? i ………………………………………………………………………………………… ii. …………………………………………………………………………………………
Summary Based on the passage given, write a summary about Audrey‟s experience in the forest up to the time she reached home. Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning. Your summary must be in continuous writing form use materials from 16 to 72 not longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below. Begin your summary as follows: Her shiver was caused by the cold air and the …………………………………………... ………………………………………………………………………………………….………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….………. ………………………………………………………………………………………….………. (15 marks)
PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS PROBLEM Problem 1 Candidates tend to start their summary at the wrong paragraph. Problem 2 Candidates tend to start summarizing by picking out any sentences. Problem 3 There will be too many sentences and words. SOLUTION Candidates have to study the question closely, know where to start from the instruction given. For example, from lines 5 to 45 Read the passage carefully, and try to look for what you are supposed to summarise; action, feeling, ideas, steps, etc. Then, underline those sentences. After that, transfer the underlined sentences onto another piece of paper. Eliminate any examples by looking at the key words; for example, for instance, such as, like or the use of colon to indicate proceeding list. Look at the sentences. Then identify words that you know. Replace them with other words without distorting the meaning. For example: The word assistance can be replaced with the word help or badlooking can be replaced by the word ugly. Use linkers such as but, therefore, so, however, next, finally, etc. to link the sentences. Study it again and try to cross out words that are unnecessary. Should there be no possible way of doing it, resort to crossing out non content words such as „be’ verbs or articles. In one paragraph. Count the number of words and write it on the right hand side a few lines after the paragraph Draw grids. For example 10 x 13 = 130 words. It will be easy for you to count and the examiners to recount.
Problem 4 There will be a limited number of own words.
Problem 5 There is no cohesiveness. Problem 6 It is still exceeding the number of words allowed. Problem 7 How should it be written? Problem 8 How to make it easy to count?
ANSWER KEY EXERCISE 1 1. There are many advantages of habitually studying in the same place. 2. Firstly, our books and other material will be at hand. Secondly, the familiar room provides the right atmosphere for studying. 3. Firstly, they may not realize that you need quiet and privacy for studying. Secondly, you may be distracted by the mere knowledge that other people are enjoying themselves. 4. (a) They waste our time by dropping in for idle conversation or tempt us to go out for a drink or other activities. (b) He should be firm about keeping set hours for work and making sure that his friends know what these hours are. 5. Firstly, the sight of others studying makes it easier to do the same. Secondly, there are library rules which ensure behaviour is disciplined. 6. To study effectively, one should be free from distractions like noise or music. Students living in the lodgings, may be distracted by the noise of other lodgers. To combat these distractions, students must set specific study times and keep them strictly. It is advantageous to study in the same place as the familiarity of the environment will create a good atmosphere and stimulus for studying. Furthermore, one‟s books and materials can be kept here. Thus, a personal study is usually the best place for serious students. However, some students find it hard to concentrate when studying alone. They may find it more conducive to study in a library where they are encouraged by the sight of others studying.
EXERCISE 2 26. She is a body painter./She paints picture on people‟s faces and hands. 27. (a) All proceeds are given to the zoo for the animals‟ upkeep (b) passion 28. i. (Some people have) slippery skin ii. (Some people have) hairy skin/hairiness 29 (a)i. ii. bird-watching
look out for frogs/snakes/reptiles
iii. snorkelling (b) They have been declared turtle sanctuaries.
30. Examples She stills paints on people‟s bodies. She watches birds. She studies frogs/snakes. She snorkels. Any possible answer. 31. Content points 1. is her love 2. all the proceeds are for the zoo animals‟ upkeep 3. is satisfied/enjoy seeing children jumping up and down after getting the faces painted 4. the challenges she faces as a hand-and –face artist trill her 5. she is/became a member of the Malaysian Wildlife Society 6. goes bird-watching 7. look out for frogs/snakes/(other) reptiles 8. goes snorkelling/snorkels 9. support the World Wildlife Fund for Nature 10. patrolled the beaches of Terengganu/Melaka 11. which have been declared turtle sanctuaries 12. is a volunteer with the National Association of Stroke of Malaysia 13. goes line dancing 14. travelling EXERCISE 3 1. She was giggling when she thought of the next day in which she did not have to go to school. 2. i. ii. It was late in the evening Due to the weather, the path through the forest was very dark.
3. She did this for it suddenly occurred to her that her dog was following her and not a stranger. 4. She was worried that the dog might just lead her to a rabbit it was chasing and not home. 5. i. ii. The distant hum of a tractor. The sight of her father‟s straw hat.
Summary Her shiver was caused by the cold air and the fear that was creeping over her. She had never walked through the forest that late in the evening. The path looked darker than ever. The heavy snow blinded her vision and she tripped. The thought of being trapped in the cold, dark woods made her more scared. When she thought she heard unfamiliar sounds, she wanted to scream but her dry throat was frozen. In her fear, she had gone off the path. She must have got lost. However, when she realized that Henson was following her, she was relieved. Henson appeared and Audrey happily followed it. On hearing the distant hum of a tractor and seeing her father‟s straw hat, she knew that she had reached home.
Paper 2 Section D
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POEMS IN THE MIDST OF HARDSHIP HE HAD SUCH QUIET EYES NATURE
IN THE MIDST OF HARDSHIP
STANZA POEM MEANINGS
At dawn they returned home their soaky clothes torn and approached the stove their limbs marked by scratches their legs full of wounds but on their brows there was not a sign of despair
It had been raining the whole day and the couple had been out the whole night, searching for their son‟s albino buffalo. They returned home soaked and bruised. The couple headed straight to the stove for warmth and some food. Although the search was unsuccessful, they never felt sad or dejected.
The whole day and night justpassed They had to brave the horrendous flood In the water all the time Between bloated carcasses And tiny chips of tree barks Desperately looking for their son‟s Albino buffalo that was never found
The couple braved the fierce flood and searched through the dead animals and floating debris. Unfortunately, the buffalo was not found although they tried their best.
They were born amidst hardship And grew up without a sigh or a complaint Now they are in the kitchen, making Jokes while rolling their cigarette leaves
The couple accepted difficulties as part of their lives. They had grown up in poverty and had learnt to accept the challenges in life. At the end of the day, they enjoy each other‟s company, feeling neither sad nor sorry for the lost. It was part and parcel of life. That is what their lives are all about, with its up and downs.
QUESTIONS 01. What was happening to the village?
02. Why were the couple‟s clothes wet? 03. Where were they the whole night? 04. Describe the condition the couple were in when they returned home after the search. 05. Why were their limbs “marked with scratches” and their legs “full of wounds” 06. Which line shows that they have accepted difficulties as part of their lives? 07. What does the line “born in hardship” tell you? 08. Why were the couple out in the heavy rain? 09. If you were the couple, would you have gone out searching for the buffalo? Give a reason for your reply. 10. Why do you think they took a long time searching for the buffalo? 11. Why do you think “there was not a sign of despair”? Give a reason for your reply. 12. In your own words, describe the flood experienced by the villagers. 13. “they are in the kitchen, making jokes while rolling their cigarette leaves.” Why are they doing that? Give reasons for your answer. 14. What is the message found in the poem? 15. In your own words, describe the attitude of the villagers portrayed in the poem. 16. What does the phrase “bloated carcasses” refer to? What probably happened during the flood? 17. Do you think the setting for this poem is a village or a town? Give two reasons to support your answer. 18. Mention one hardship that is probably faced by the couple in the poem. 19. Why is the flood described as “horrendous”? 20. Would you be able to accept the difficulties in life like the villagers? Give a reason for your answer.
HE HAD SUCH QUIET EYES STANZA 1 POEM He had such quiet eyes She did not realise They were two pools of lies Layered with thinnest ice To her, those quiet eyes Were breathing desolate sighs Imploring her to be nice And to render him paradise If only she‟d been wise And had listened to the advice Never to compromise with pleasure-seeking guys She‟d be free from “the hows and whys” MEANINGS The persona is taken up by the man‟s quiet eyes which seems lonely and miserable. She feels sorry and is made to believe that she can offer him happiness that his eyes lack. Unfortunately, she is not aware that she is being cheated.
Now, she regrets not following the advices given by other who have warned her not to get involved with men who are smooth talkers and seductive. Then, she would not have to experience the heartache of breaking up
Now here‟s a bit of advice Be sure that nice really means nice Then you‟ll never be losing at dice Though you may lose your heart once or twice
The poet gives a strong advice to all the ladies. She asks them to be sure that whoever they meet is really and truly a gentleman. In the process of finding a life partner, one may face some failures but in the end, you will be a winner in the game of life
QUESTIONS 01. “two pools of lies” refers to ………..
02. Why are the eyes described as layered with thinnest ice? 03. What were the eyes asking of the lady? 04. Do you think the lady will make the same mistake again? Why? 05. What was the advice given by others? 06. In the last stanza, the persona advices one to be sure that nice really means nice. What does the persona mean and why? 07. In your opinion, why did the lady fall for the man? 08. Explain the phrase “pleasure-seeking guys” 09. In your own words, explain the last two lines of stanza 3. 10. What would have happened if she had listened to the advice? 11. To render him paradise means………….. 12. In your opinion, how did lady feel after she realized her mistake? 13. Why do you think the eyes are described as „quiet‟? 14. What would you do if you meet a person with such quiet eyes? Why? 15. If you were the lady in the poem, what would you do when you realized the mistake? Why? 16. Give two messages found in the poem. 17. What did the man do to deceive the lady? 18. Do you think the lady was foolish for not realizing the deception? Give a reason for your answer.
NATURE STANZA POEM MEANINGS
We have neither Summer nor Winter According to the poet, Jamaica‟s Neither Autumn nor Spring weather cannot be categorized in We have instead the days to four seasons.
When the gold sun shines on the lush green canefields Magnificently.
There are days of glorious sunshine which helps the canes in the field to grow tall and luxuriant.
The days when the rain beats like bullets on the roofs And there is no sound but the swish of water in the gullies And trees struggling in the Jamaica winds
However, on wet days, the rain pours down heavily and in torrents. The streams and gullies are full of water. No other sounds are heard as everyone is indoors. Strong winds accompany the rain, beating and bending the sugar canes in the field.
Also there are the days when leaves fade from off guango trees And the reaped canefields lie bare and fallow to the sun
In between the hot and wet days, nature slows down. The canefields are harvested and wait for the next planting season. Even the leaves on the trees fall off.
But best of all there are the days when the mango and the logwood blossom When the bushes are full of the sound of bees and the scent of honey When the tall grass sways and shivers to the slightest breath of air When the buttercups have paved the earth with yellow stars
The best days are when flowers bloom, filling the air with fragrance and vibrant colours. The grass is green, luxuriant, covering the once bare ground.
And beauty comes suddenly and the Nature comes alive again after a rains have gone healthy downpour
QUESTIONS 01. What kind of weather does Jamaica experience? 02. Name four seasons that some countries have. 03. Why is the rain described as bullets? 04. What is magnificent in a hot day? 05. In your opinion, why is there no other sound except the sound of rain? 06. In your own words, explain the last line of the poem. 07. Describe a rainy day in Jamaica. 08. When is the most beautiful time in Jamaica? 09. What do you think is the main crop in Jamaica? Give reasons. 10. In your opinion, why does beauty come suddenly after the rain have gone? 11. What are the seasons experienced by people of Jamaica? 12. What is the meaning of „the gold sun shines‟? 13. When do the canefields lie bare? 14. The line‟….full of sound of bees and the scent of honey‟ means…… 15. What do the “the yellow stars” refer too? 16. Mention two words from the poem that describes the canefields? 17. What happens to the tall grass at the slightest breeze and why? 18. What are words used by the poet to describe the rain? 19. During the flowering season, what can you hear and smell? 20. What does the phrase “paved the earth” mean?
ARE YOU STILL PLAYING YOUR FLUTE STANZA POEM Are you still playing your flute? When there is hardly time for our love I am feeling guilty O be longing for your song The melody concealed in the slim hollow of bamboo Uncovered by the breath of an artist Composed by his fingers Blown by the wind To the depth of my heart MEANINGS The persona wonders if the person is still playing the flute. The persona misses and longs to hear the song which reminisces the peaceful, tranquil days of her childhood.
Are you still playing your flute? In the village so quiet and deserted Amidst the sick rice field While here it has become a luxury To spend time watching the rain Gazing at the evening rays Collecting dew drops Or enjoying the fragrance of flowers
The persona wonders if her beloved is still playing The flute when many have left the village which has become a polluted and lonely place there is no time to enjoy beauty of nature such as the sunset, the rain or the smell of blooming flowers from the place the persona is . For the third time, the persona wonders if the person is still playing the flute in these times of trouble. The persona feels guilty thinking of the flutist when there is much sadness around her like unemployment, political unrest and unnecessary killings
Are you still playing your flute? The more it disturbs my conscience To be thinking of you In the hazard of you My younger brothers unemployed and desperate My people disunited by politics My friend slaughtered mercilessly This world is too old and bleeding
QUESTIONS 01. What musical instrument is mentioned in the poem? 02. Who is the artist mentioned in stanza 1? 03. Why is the village quiet and deserted? 04. What has happened to the rice field? 05. What is the persona longing for? 06. How is the song played on the flute 07. Why do you think the rice fields are not healthy? 08. What are considered luxuries by the persona? 09. In stanza 3, why does the persona feel guilty when thinking about the flutist? 10. What does the line “this world is too old and bleeding” means? 11. Based on stanza 3, mention two problems faced by the country? 12. Name some of the activities that the persona is unable to do? 13. 14. Why do you think doing these activities is considered a „luxury‟? In stanza 3, why do you think the persona‟s conscience is disturbed when the flute is played? 15. What is the message found in this poem? 16. Why do you think the persona keeps repeating the same question in every stanza? 17. What was blown to the depth of the persona‟s heart? 18. Why is there hardly an time for their love?
SHORT STORIES QWERTYUIOP THE FRUITCAKE SPECIAL
QWERTYUIOP Lucy is a shy seventeen-year-old girl who had recently completed her secretarial course at the Balmont Secretarial College. However, Lucy had poor typing skills and was an underachiever. Even her principal, Mrs Price, was not sure if she could get a job with her poor skills. Lucy lived with her mum and her alcoholic Uncle Bert in a small flat. She was desperately looking for a job so that she could leave her home and have a better life. Lucy attended a job interview at Ross and Bannister‟s. She was interviewed by Mr. Ross himself who immediately offered her a secretarial job. Lucy was very excited and her mother was elated to hear the good news as their family really needed the money. Lucy went early on her first day since she wanted to impress her boss. She met the company‟s odd-job man who had been with the company for almost 30 years. Mr. Harry Drake showed Lucy around the office as well as her working station. He also gave Lucy a bottle of correcting fluid to correct any errors that might occur while typing. According to Mr. Harry, the electric typewriter in the office is not an ordinary one. So, he told her not to retype the errors but merely cover them with the correcting fluid. Lucy started her job eagerly by typing the letters assigned to her by Mr. Ross. As she was typing, she felt something was wrong. The typewriter was typing on its own – QWERTYUIOP. Every time she erased the error with correcting fluid, the typewriter printed those letters again. Lucy was confused and shocked. She wanted to run away but the thought of the possibility of living a poor life, changed her mind. Lucy decided not to give in and adamantly finished the letters by immediately correcting the messages that popped up. Finally, she completed all the letters. The next day, Mr. Ross was surprised to see her with the completed letters. Lucy also, decorated her office and made it clear she wanted to stay. When asked about the occurrence, Mr. Drake said that it was the ghost of Miss Broome who was Mr. Bannister‟s old secretary. She was asked to leave after working there for 43 years. She was upset and came back to haunt the secretaries who took her place as she was determined not to give up her position. Lucy felt sad and decided to contact Miss Broome. She informed her that old Mr Bannister had died three years ago at the age of eighty-six. He had missed his secretary, Miss Broome, very much. The only reason he had to stop Miss Broome was because of her poor health. Lucy suggested Miss Broome to help Mr. Bannister who would most probably be needing her. Finally, the spirit of Miss Broome accepted Lucy‟s suggestion and left the typewriter. Lucy became a good secretary, carrying out her duties diligently.
QUESTIONS 01. What does the word QWERTYUIOP refer to? 02. Why was the principal, Mrs Price, uncertain of Lucy‟s chances of getting a job? 03. Who interviewed Lucy for her job? 04. Who was Miss Broome? 05. How did Lucy send Miss Broome off? 06. What were Lucy‟s feelings when she heard about Miss Broome? 07. If you had a problem like Lucy‟s, what would you do? Why? 08. Who was Mr. Harry Drake? 09. Describe Lucy‟s mother. 10. Why was Lucy angry with her uncle? 11. Why was Lucy eager to search for work after her graduation? 12. What was Lucy‟s reaction towards Uncle Bert after Miss Broome‟s incident? 13. Why was Miss Broome sacked from her post as the secretary of Mr. Bannnister? 14. Why was Lucy nervous when she went for her first interview? 15. How did Lucy overcome the unwanted messages that were caused by Miss Broome? 16. In your opinion, why do you think the other secretaries before her did not stay on the job for long? 17. Give two messages found in the story. 18. What does Mr Ross‟s “enormous enthusiasm” tell you about the job offer? 19. Do you feel sorry for Miss Broome? Give reasons for your answer. 20. In your opinion, why did Miss Broome keep typing QWERTYUIOP on Lucy‟s letter? 21. Why was Lucy surprised to see her lunch prepared when she returned home from work? 22. How did Lucy convince Miss Broome to leave? 23. What did Miss Broome receive as retirement present? 24. Do you think Miss Broome‟s actions were right? Give a reason for your answer. 25. Do you think Lucy would be a good secretary in the future? Give reasons for your answer.
THE FRUITCAKE SPECIAL Anna is a chemist at Amos Cosmetics Factory and creates new perfumes for the company. One day, she was trying to mix a new perfume as usual when she decided to include a piece of fruitcake that her mother packed for her lunch. The fruitcake was bought by her Aunt Mimi. She tried some of it on herself and the rest she kept in her purse as she was afraid her boss would not accept perfumes made from fruitcakes. When her boss, David Amos walked by her room, he suddenly took notice of Anna and complimented her. He found himself attracted to her and asked her out for dinner. Anna was surprised as Mr Amos had always ignored her. She realized that it was because of the new perfume that she was wearing. When she returned home, she found Aunt Mimi and her mother discussing her marriage. They suggested Armstrong but Anna turned him down because he was just a pizza delivery man. However later, they were very pleased to see Anna getting ready for her date with Mr. David Amos and thought that he was good match Anna did not use her new perfume when she went out with him. At the restaurant, Mr Amos seemed to have changed his mind and told Anna that he would foot the bill as a reward for her hard work and the dinner was not a formal date. Anna was disappointed and embarrassed so she quickly ran to the ladies‟ room. Before leaving the ladies‟ room, she wanted to refresh herself with some perfume. Since there was only the new perfume in her purse she put some of it on herself. The effect was amazing. As she walked pass a waiter, he fell completely in love with Anna. Upon her return to her seat, Mr. Amos changed immediately and also professed his love for her. Now, Anna was very certain it was the perfume that was causing the change. At that moment, Sabina, David‟s girlfriend came to the restaurant and was very angry to see David‟s actions. She insulted Anna. Meanwhile, the waiter started to serenade a love song to Anna Finally, the two men were fighting over Anna and slowly Anna slipped out during the confusion. Anna wanted to find out more about the fruitcake and asked Aunt Mimi about it. She said the baker was an old woman who had used her secret ingredients to bake that special fruitcake. Unfortunately, the old woman had died. The next day, David was waiting at her office. He was not acting weird anymore as Anna was not wearing the perfume. Sabina told her that David would give her compensation for the misunderstanding last night. Anna felt hurt and insulted hearing that. She quit her job and in anger, threw the whole bottle of fruitcake perfume at Sabina. She joined another company. Much later, when Anna was at home, Armstrong dropped by. He declared his love for her and wanted to marry her. He said he was in love with Anna for a long time but wanted to own his own pizza company before he proposed to her. Now that he owned one, he was ready to ask her out for a date. Anna accepted as she realised that he was actually a handsome man.
QUESTIONS 01. Describe Anna in your own words. 02. What was the relationship between Anna and David Amos? 03. What were the special ingredients that Anna used in her special perfume? 04. What was Anna working as? 05. Why do you think Anna did not her boss to know about her new perfume? 06. Anna threw the remainder of the perfume at Sabina. Do you think she did the right thing? Give reasons for your answer. 07. In your own words, describe Sabina. 08. If you were Anna, would you have accepted Armstrong‟s proposal? 09. Based on the story, what do you think was the effect of the perfume? 10. Give a message found in the story. 11. Did Anna think that Armstrong would make a good husband? Why? 12. Based on the passage, what is your opinion of Mr. Amos? Give reasons for your answer. 13. What was Anna‟s reaction when Aunt Mimi tried to find her husband for her? 14. Why was the waiter singing a song for Anna? 15. Where did Aunt Mimi buy the cake? 16. Why was the fruitcake special? 17. If you were Anna, what would you do with the perfume? Give reasons for your answer. 18. Why was Sabina angry at Anna? 19. Who was Armstrong? 20. What was David Amos‟s reaction at the restaurant before Anna used her special perfume? 21. How did Anna feel when Sabina mentioned about the compensation? 22. If you were Anna, would you quit your job? Give reasons for your answer. 23. Why do you think Anna wanted to meet the old lady who sold the cake? 24. What was David‟s explanation about his behaviour in the restaurant? 25. Why were Aunt Mimi and Anna‟s mother excited about Anna‟s date with David?
NOVEL THE CURSE
THE CURSE CHAPTERS SYNOPSIS
CHAPTER 1 Azreen Salleh hurriedly left her studies in London, England to return home to Malaysia after receiving news about her sister’s death. She was reluctant to leave as there was an exam. She was hoping not to bump into her course mate, Julian Ng, but she did anyway. Julian Ng tries to offer his sympathy and condolence but she was not in the mood to talk about the matter. She left in a hurry.
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS :1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. What was Azreen Salleh doing in London? Why was she asked to go home? Who is Julian Ng? What kind of person was Julian Ng? Why did Azreen try to avoid Julian? How did Azreen feel about going home to Malaysia? How was Azreen going to the Heathrow Airport? The suitcase was described as dusty, zippers had caught tiny cobwebs and lint from the floor. What does this line tell you about Azreen‟s trips to Malaysia? 9. How was the morning breeze the day Azreen left for Malaysia? 10. What were Azreen‟s feelings as she was leaving her college?
CHAPTER 2 Azreen was on her flight back to Malaysia. She cringed at the thought of going back home. Flashbacks of her early days with her late sister, Madhuri, and how Madhuri was well-liked by people came back. She hated her sister because she was always compared to her. Everyone thought Madhuri was the better sister – prettier, polite and soft-spoken while she was obstinate, the total opposite of her. She especially hated the fact that she could never be like her. However, she was fond of her and there were happy memories with her sister like cycling together and picking fruits from the neighbours’ plantation. ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS :1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. “The stewardess gave her a plastic smile” Explain the underlined term. Why did the green terrain remind her of her home? What was the age difference between Azreen and Madhuri? In your own words, describe Azreen‟s sister? Give two differences between Azreen and Madhuri. Name some of the activities that both of them used to do together when they were young. 7. 8. Why did Azreen despise Madhuri? Describe those happy days that Azreen recalled?
CHAPTER 3 Back home, on an island south of Langkawi Island, there was a rumour spreading that Madhuri was dead by murder. This rumour was spread by Puan Normala and it caused unrest among the villagers.According to her, Madhuri was murdered and she bled white blood and she believed that the whole village was cursed. Meanwhile, Azreen arrived and was greeted by her aunt and uncle, Datin Sharifah and Datuk Zulkifli at the airport in Pulau Langkawi. They were trying their best not to talk about Madhuris death.
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS :1. 2. 3. Why was Pn. Kamisah irritated? What news was Noor spreading in class? Who is Siti? Who is Noor?
Why do you think Siti described Pn. Normala as a “slimy cobra with a three-forked tongue”
5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
What gossip was Pn. Normala passing around? Why did Pn. Normala say they were cursed? How long was the journey from London to Pulau Langkawi? Who are Datin Sharifah and Datuk Zulkifli? Why did Datin Sharifah warn Datuk Zulkifli not to talk about Madhuri‟s death?
10. “….a village that had its own secrets to keep” In your opinion what does the line imply.
CHAPTER 4 At her house, mourners gathered at Azreen‟ s house to pay their last respects to Madhuri before burial. The women folk gossiped among themselves that Madhuri was murdered and she had put a curse on everyone on the island. Azreen arrived late to pay her last respects to her late sister. However, she returned home, only to be gossiped and judged by her nosy neighbours. In her house with Datin Sharifah, she begged her to tell what actually happened to her sister. Datin Sharifah could only tell her that her sister was found at the rubber plantation. Azreen’s father kept her from the fact on how she died. Azreen believed her father did that to spite her. Azreen met her mother whose dementia worsened. She had no idea of Madhuri’s passing. Azreen was about to bring her mother to the funeral, but was ordered to go back home by her father, Saleh Abdullah. He didn’t want his wife to know about the death of Madhuri. Azreen was defiant of her father’s orders and a fight almost erupted. Luckily, Haji Ghani, Madhuri’s husband managed to keep the fight out.Azreen met with her ex-schoolmate, Mohd Asraf for a while. She played hockey with him when they were in school.Later that night when she was in her room, she caught sight of someone who looked like Madhuri. But it disappeared when she tried to look for it again.Meanwhile, Puan Fatihah, Haji Ghani’s first wife was feeling bitter about Madhuri’s existence in her life with her husband. Now that she’s dead, her husband would hardly talk to her.
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS :1. 2. 3. Did Siti know Madhuri? How? Why did Pn Normala consider Azreen as being rude? When did Azreen first meet datin Sharifah and Datuk Zulkifli? What was their relationship?
4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
Name two things that Azreen found in her room when she first entered? Where was Madhuri‟s body found? Give two reasons why Azreen was angry with her father. Why did Siti‟s parents forbid from being friends with Azreen? Did Azreen‟s mother recognise her when Azreen spoke to her? Why? What was Azreen‟s mother suffering from?
10. Was Azreen‟s mother informed of her daughter‟s death? 11. “I said, take her home. Now” Who spoke those words? a. b. To whom does the word sherefers to in the extract? What was the emotion of the speaker?
12. In your opinion, why was Azreen‟s father angry at her for bringing her mother to the graveyard? 13. Who is Haji Ghani? 14. Name two things about Madhuri that was remembered fondly by Haji Ghani? 15. Who is Asraf and what does he work as? 16. Where did Azreen first meet Asraf? 17. Describe Asraf during his school days? 18. During her school days, Azreen felt that everybody hated her? Why did she feel that way? 19. How did Azreen become Asraf‟s friend? 20. What does the phrase “he only had eyes for one” mean? 21. What did Azreen see from her room window? 22. Who is Haji Ghani‟s first wife? 23. Why did Pn. Fatihah hate Madhuri? 24. How did she show her hatred towards Madhuri? 25. Why did Siti feel that Madhuriwas lucky to have Haji Ghani as her husband?
CHAPTER 5 Azreen went to the market and bumped into Asraf. She enquired about Madhuri’s death but was only given vague details of the incident. Normala, the rumour monger, spread rumours about what had happened to Madhuri. Awang, the bomoh, made an appearance as he dreamt that a disaster was about to hit the village soon. Awang recalled the incident when he stole a chicken at Encik Mohan’s farm causing a bull to escape. Asraf was blamed for the fiasco but Azreen bravely took the blame on his behalf. Outside, Saleh was busy chopping wood when he heard something or someone crying in the bushes. He went to pounce on it but there was nothing.Azreen went to visit the Old Lady, a villager who was casted out from her village, to catch up on old times. The villagers thought her evil and a witch, but Azreen thought otherwise. In fact, she got along just fine with her. She also begged the Old Lady to tell her what exactly happened, and finally it was the Old Lady who revealed to her that Madhuri was actually murdered.
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS :1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Describe the house that she visited in the jungle. Where did she go after visiting the house in the jungle? Whom did she meet at the market? Was Asraf at the village the day Madhuri died? According to Asraf, what had happened to Madhuri? What dish did madhuri always make for her mother? Describe the recollection that Azreen‟s mother had when she saw Azreen cooking the meal According to Azreen‟s mother, who was in danger? Describe Awang, the village bomoh. Whom did Awang see on his way home? According to Awang, who actually left the gates of the farm open and who was blamed for it? Why do you think Azreen told the farm‟s owners that it was she who left the gate open? Why did Noor suspect Asraf was in love with Madhuri? Describe the Old Lady whom Azreen visited ? Why were the villagers afraid of the Old Lady? Based on Azreen‟s recollection, Describe Azreen‟s first meeting with the Old Lady? What did Azreen do to win the Old Lady‟s heart? What was Azreen‟s favourite dish cooked by the Old lady? How did Azreen describe London to the Old Lady? On page 72, what does the phrase “it‟s eating me up” mean? According to the Old Lady, what had happened to Madhuri?
CHAPTER 6 Awang the bomoh believed something terrible was going to fall upon his village. He had seen a Pontianak which looked like Madhuri. He suspected Madhuri had turned into one.The Old Lady related to Azreen that Madhuri was attacked with a knife. There was no investigation though, as she thought it would be better for the village since an investigation would reveal more secrets. Puan Fatihah reminisced about the time when Haji Ghani married Madhuri. He fell in love with her beautiful voice, and Puan Fatihah’s life changed ever since. She had lost everything. But now that Madhuri was no longer present, she wanted her old life back.Azreen found Madhuri’s photographs torn into pieces. Before she could think who would do it, her father chased her out of the room. Azreen started to reminisce on all the things that happened way back.Azreen reminisced during the time when she took the blame for Asraf’s carelessness while working at Encik Mohan’s. She claimed that she was the one who left the gate open, thus the missing bull. However, her parents were riding on a motorbike when they hit the bull. Her mother’s legs were paralysed since then. Still, she kept loyal to Asraf and took the blame, eventhough she was beaten to death by her father.Azreen went to seek comfort at the Old Lady’s, and she revealed to her why she was casted out. She murdered her husband because she was abused and unhappy in her marriage.A year later, Azreen received a scholarship to study in UK.
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS :1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Who found Madhuri‟s body first? Why did the Old Lady suspect Madhuri was murdered? Whom did the Old Lady accuse of covering up the Madhuri‟s death? Where did Haji Ghani first see Madhuri? What captivated him? When Azreen entered the room, she saw a picture of her sister and began to recall her childhood? 6. 7. 8. What was Azreen doing when her sister called her to play? Why was Azreen‟s father angry at her? Based on the above childhood incident, describe the a) b) c) Azreen‟s character Madhuri‟s character The father‟s character
Why did Madhuri‟s mother refuse to take her medication?
10. How did Madhuri‟s mother lose her leg? 11. Why did Azreen feel it was her fault that her mother had the accident 12. Where did Madhuri meet Asraf for the first time? 13. To whom did Azreen confide in about the accident? 14. What was the Old Lady‟s advice? 15. Why was the Old Lady treated as an outcast by the villagers? 16. Did the Old lady kill her husband? What happened? 17. What letter did Azreen receive? 18. Why was Pn.Minah at her house? 19. If you were Azreen, would you have done the same to Pn Minah‟s daughter? Why? 20. What programme did Azreen join? Where did she go and what was the effect on her? 21. What was the next offer that Azreen had received? 22. Who was helping her finance her studies in London. 23. Where did Azreen and the Old Lady go when Azreen visited her to bid goodbye?
CHAPTER 7 Asraf was worried about Nek, his grandmother. Her fever was getting worse.Haji Ghani was mourning for Madhuri at her tombstone. Suddenly, he saw a woman who looked like Madhuri in a flowing white dress but she ran away. Azreen was reprimanded by her father for being careless when latching up the chicken coop. There was a dead chicken with a broken neck right outside of the coop. Azreen was shocked and wondered how the chicken could break its neck. When she was about to clean up the mess, the carcass was gone.One day, when Azreen was checking her mail, she saw a letter from Julian. Enclosed in the letter was a letter from Madhuri which was sent before she died. According to her letter, there was secret that she wanted to share with Madhuri. Siti was stopped by Puan Normala with more gossips – on how the bad weather was one of the signs of the curse, the spotting of a Pontianak and the huge argument between Haji Ghani and Puan Fatihah. Then, Azreen reads Madhuri‟ s letter of her marriage and relationship with Kak Fatihah (Haji Ghani‟s first wife). The letter also hints that Madhuri has a secret to be revealed to Azreen when she returns home for her holidays. Azreen and Asraf had a chat. He was all bruised. He claimed that he was in a fight. They talked about their old school times and future plans. Out of theblue, Asraf jokingly asked Azreen to marry her and run away together. Azreen was hurt by that joke as she always had feelings for him. She took Madhuri‟s letter and crumpled and threw it away. When she went back to pick it up, it was already gone.
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS :1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Why was Asraf worried about about his grandmother? Describe Asraf‟s relationship with his grandmother. Where was Haji Ghani when he was informed of Madhuri‟s death? Whom did he see at his wife‟s grave? Describe Azreen‟s relationship with her father. What happened to the chickens in the coop? What did Azreen find in the chicken coop?
Why did Asraf feel that black magic was present in the village? What kind of changes did Asraf expect to seen in Azreen‟s personality when she returned from London?
10. Azreen received a letter from London. Who was it from? 11. What were the contents of Julian‟s letter? 12. Based on Madhuri‟s letter to Azreen, state two things that you learnt about Madhuri? 13. List the three reasons given by Pn Normala on why she believed the village was cursed? 14. What was Haji Ghani and his wife fighting about? 15. Who was Asraf fighting with? Why were they fighting? 16. What were Azreen‟s feelings towards Asraf? 17. Why did Azreen throw away her sister‟s letter?
CHAPTER 8 Azreen‟s mother passed away peacefully. She mourned her dead mother and sister in her sister‟s room. Suddenly, she saw someone outside the window. She went outside the house and called out to that person but it was in vain. At the same moment, she smelt smoke coming from Madhuri‟s room. Fortunately, her father appeared in time to put out the fire. Puan Fatihah was about to go see the village witchdoctor for a charm for Haji Ghani when suddenly she saw someone looking like Madhuri reaching out to her. She passed out as soon as the woman touched her. Saleh Abdullah found a yellow cord where part of the house was burned. He charged straightaway to Awang‟s house to have a word with him. Azreen went to the Old Lady‟s house for comfort. Asraf‟s grandmother‟s condition was getting worse. When he ran out of options, he sought out the Old Lady. He begged the Old Lady to go see his grandmother. The Old Lady hesitates at first but after much persuasion from Azreen and Mohd. Asraf, she finally agrees to go over to Mohd Asraf‟ s house to help his grandmother.
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS :1. 2. 3. Describe the weather at the beginning of the chapter. When did Azreen‟s mother pass away? Based on the basket incident, what can you conclude about Azreen‟s sister and her mother? 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Why did Azreen run out of the house? What happened to the house? How was the fire put out? In your opinion, why do you think Pn Fatihah wanted to visit the bomoh? At the jungle Pn Fatihah saw a shadow of a person. Describe what happened then? Asraf wanted to send his grandmother to the hospital in the mainland but he couldn‟t. Why? 10. Why did Asraf feel it was his responsibility to take care of his grandmother? 11. Who is saleh Abdullah and why was he angry at Bomoh Awang? 12. What did the Old Lady witness as she was in the jungle, collecting herbs and roots?
13. Give two reasons why Azreen wanted to stay overnight at the Old Lady‟s house? 14. Why did Asraf go to the market on that rainy day? 15. What happened to the crops in the village? 16. Where did Asraf decide to go to get the necessary herbs needed for his grandmother? 17. What did the Old Lady advise Azreen about life? 18. How did the Old Lady treat Asraf who came for her help? 19. After much persuasion, Azreen finally convinced the Old lady to go to Asraf‟s house. a. b. How did Azreen persuade her? Why was the Old Lady reluctant to go?
20. What did Asraf say to persuade the Old Lady?
CHAPTER 9 Siti keeps an eye on Mohd. Asraf‟ s grandmother (Nek) while he goes out to get her medicine. He finally came back with the Old Lady. The Old Lady examined Asraf‟s grandmother and went out to get herbs for her. Pn. Kamsiah and Normala are curious at the Old Lady‟ s presence at Mohd. Asraf‟ s house. They planned to get rid of her. She made a mixture of herbs and gave it to Asraf‟s grandmother. The condition of Asraf‟s grandmother improved, to the surprise of the Old Lady, in which she felt peculiar of. Azreen is puzzled to discover a university prospectus that reveals Mohd. Asraf‟ s intention to pursue his studies in Kuala Lumpur. When Azreen returns home, she sees the bomoh scampering behind the bushes. He came to tell her that there was a big crowd on the way to Asraf‟s house. Azreen hurriedly went to Asraf‟ s house and saw the angry crowd headed by Puan Normala. Normala blames Azreen for bringing the Old Lady to Mohd. Asraf‟ s house and causing heavy downpour to hit the village. An argument starts and Azreen‟s father intervenes to stop the commotion. Azreen then made her way to Asraf‟s house and was told that Nek is beginning to recover. They thank the Old Lady for bravely coming over to cure Nek and the rain finally stops.
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS :1. 2. 3. Who was left to take care of Nek? Describe the Old Lady from Siti‟s point of view. Why was Pn Kamsiah worried about Siti when she saw the Old Lady entering Asraf‟s house? 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. What were the reasons given by Pn Normala for chasing the Old Lady away? Describe what the Old Lady did to help Asraf‟s grandmother? How should Asraf give the medicine to his grandmother? What did Azreen do while waiting for the night to pass? In your opinion, why do you think Pn Fatihah cooked a delicious breakfast for her husband? 9. Did Haji Ghani enjoy the breakfast prepared by his wife? Give reasons for your answer? 10. How was Nek feeling the next morning? 11. Why did Azreen leave Asraf‟s house that morning?
12. Who did Azreen find loitering around her house? 13. What was happening in Asraf‟s house? 14. Why were the villagers gathering in front of Asraf‟s house? 15. Who started the riot? 16. Why were the villagers angry with Azreen? 17. Who broke up the crowd? 18. What Saleh Abdullah‟s opinion of his daughter? 19. Why did the Old Lady decide to leave Asraf‟s house?
“There’s a present for us already.” What was the present that Asraf was referring to?
CHAPTER Azreen awakes to a flurry of knocks on her door. She finds out that Nek has passed away suddenly. Asraf‟s neighbours convinced him that the Old Lady had poisoned her. Fuelled with anger and loss, Asraf and the mob of people went over to the Old Lady‟s with torches for revenge. Azreen tried to stop him and in a struggle, his torch fell and it set the house on fire. Azreen ran inside to try to save the Old Lady but found her trapped under a pillar. Barely alive, she advises Azreen to learn to forgive before it is too late. Azreen‟ s father saves her before the whole house collapsed. Asraf came to apologise to Azreen. He was distraught about his grandmother and Madhuri‟s death. He confesses to Azreen that he loves Madhuri and they were planning to run away together when he was offered a teaching course in Kuala Lumpur. Madhuri wanted to confess to her husband, parents and Azreen about her affair with Mohd. Asraf. However, Madhuri was found dead at a rubber plantation. Azreen couldn‟t stomach the revelation so she ran to a cliff. Then she decided to go to the rubber estate where her sister died.Azreen then meets Awang, the bomoh, who tells her that Madhuri was not her real sister. He told her that Madhuri‟s mother had gone mad when her husband left her. She was left in the paddy field for hours when her mother was looking for scraps. That‟s when Saleh found Madhuri, nursed her back to health and raised her as his own. Her mother left the village, but came back after Madhuri‟s death. Awang warned her that Madhuri‟s mother was dangerous. She was the one broke the chicken‟s neck and started the fire at her house. Awang also confesses that he was the one who left the gate open that led to the motorcycle accident that paralysed her mother. Awang also confirms that he had seen Madhuri and Mohd Asraf together several times in the rubber estate. The chapter ends with Haji Ghani, the headman thinking about Madhuri. He remembered the day he was told of Madhuri‟s death. He knew about her affair with Asraf and he would‟ve killed him if he caught them at the rubber estate. But all there was left was her slashed body. He decided to make the murder look like an accident to avoid more truth to be revealed that would bring shame to him and Madhuri‟s innocence. ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS :1. 2. What did Azreen do as soon as she returned home? It was a calm amiable silence between father and daughter. What does this sentence imply? 3. 4. 5. Why did Siti go to Azreen‟s house in the middle of the night? In your own words, describe what had taken place in Asraf‟s houe? Did the villagers enter the Old Lady‟s house? Give reasons for your answer.
6. 7. 8. 9.
Why do you think Asraf dared to go nearer, compared to the other villagers? Describe what Azreen did to stop Asraf from hurting the Old Lady. How did the Old Lady die? Who pulled Azreen out of the burning house?
10. Why do you think Asraf decided to attack the Old Lady? 11. Based on Asraf‟s confession, describe the relationship between Asraf and Madhuri. 12. Give two reasons why Asraf wanted to move to Kuala Lumpur. 13. What was Madhuri planning to do about their relationship? 14. Name two things Madhuri wanted to do before leaving the village. 15. When and where was the last time Madhuri and Asraf met? 16. Where did Azreen go to find peace and comfort? 17. Describe what Azreen saw at the plantation. 18. Whom did Azreen meet at the plantation? 19. What was the shocking news she heard from Awang? 20. Where did Saleh find the baby whom he named Madhuri? 21. What happened to Madhuri‟s birth parents/ 22. Who was the woman who was always following Azreen? 23. Why was Awang indebted to Azreen? 24. Name two things that Awang did to help and protect Azreen. 25. In Awang‟s opinion, why did Haji Ghani cover up his wife‟s death?
CHAPTER 11 Azreen was on her way back home when she heard footsteps following her behind. She saw a shadow of the woman whom Awang said was Madhuri‟s mother. She pointed at something near the woodpile. At the same moment, Saleh appeared. Azreen and her father walk towards the woodpile and see a “parang” that Saleh used to chop wood. Madhuri‟s mother was actually pointing at the parang There is white and sticky stain at the edge of the parang. Azreen immediately recalls Normala‟s words “She had white blood” and she stares at her father in disbelief. The white blood that the neighbours claimed to see was actually latex that spilt on her when she was killed. She then realised that it was her father who had killed her. Saleh recalls how fond he was with Madhuri and how he found her as a baby at the paddy field. He stumbles upon Madhuri and Mohd Asraf together at the rubber plantation. In his fury, he kills Madhuri and her body knocks over the latex-filled container. Upon hearing this revelation, Azreen runs away from her father. Saleh realised he had lost both his daughters. Suddenly, he saw Madhuri‟s mother coming towards him with the parang. She killed him in an instance. Saleh suffers a heart attack and dies. Meanwhile in the village, a rumour spreads like a wildfire that a woman who looks suspiciously like his dead daughter had been wandering about at the time of his death.
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS :1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. What was Azreen,s reaction when she learnt about Madhuri? Who did Azreen see standing outside her house? Where was the woman pointing to? What was Saleh‟s reaction when Azreen told him what she knew? What was behind the woodpile? Describe the parang found behind the woodpile. How do you think Saleh must have felt when threw the parang on the ground? In your opinion, what is the white substance found on the parang? What came to Azreen‟s mind when she saw the white sap?
10. What conclusion did she make after she saw the white sap? 11. Why was Madhuri so special to Saleh Abdullah? 12. Whom did he see when he entered the plantation? 13. “he saw red” Who does „he‟ refer to? What does the phrase mean? 14. Did Saleh kill his daughter on purpose? Give reasons for you answer. 15. What was Azreen‟s reaction after realising that her father was a murderer?
16. Who was watching Azreen and her father from the bushes? 17. In your opinion, who was the woman who was always watching them? 18. Describe what happened to Saleh after Azreen left the place? 19. What did the villagers say Saleh died of? 20. List two reasons given by the villagers for Saleh‟s heart attack?
CHAPTER 12 Azreen Azreen visits her family‟ s graves. She leaves a flower on each grave and leaves quietly. She leaves a flower at the hillside where the Old Lady was buried, too. As Azreen leaves, she sees a smiling figure which resembles Madhuri‟ s smiles.
ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS :1. 2. 3. What happened to Azreen after the death of her father? Why do you think the woman smiled at Azreen? What happened to Asraf at the end of the novel?
EXAM FORMAT QUESTIONS Using the details from the novel that you have studied answer the following questions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. Write about a character that you dislike. Give textual evidence to support your answer. Describe one event in the novel that you find interesting. Give reasons for your answer. What is the significance of the title to the novel? Explain some conflicts that the main character had to face. How did the character cope with it? Compare and contrast two different characters in the novel with reference to the text. Choose an incident in the novel which changes the lives of the characters. Elaborate with close reference to the text. Choose an event which is sad or happy. Explain how this event has affected a character in the story. Based on the novel you have read, describe one event that has touched your feelings. Give reasons for your choice. . Based on the novel above, write about an interesting relationship between two characters. Based on the novel, write the positive and negative qualities of a character found in the novel. Write about how the characters help each other in times of difficulties. Using the details from the novel, describe what happened at the end of the novel. Explain why you find the ending happy or sad. Write about one moral value that is portrayed in the novel you have read. Based on the novel write about some of the challenges faced by a character in that novel. Write about the superstitions found in the society and how it affected the villagers Write about any character that you admire Which character do you sympathize with in the novel you have studied? Give reasons for your answer. Describe the setting in the novel you have studied? Give reasons for your answer Write on one of the themes found in the novel you have written. “Learning to forgive is important in life”. Do you agree this is true in the novel you have read. Give textual evidence to support your answer. What important lesson did you get from the novel you have studied?
NOVEL MARKING SCHEME
MARKING METHOD 1. For this question, marks are awarded as follows ; Content 10 marks Language 5 marks Total 15 marks 2. Read the script and decide which band it fits well. If the script fits all ornearly all thedescriptors given in the band, the answer should be on the top of the band. 3. Next, evaluate the quality of writing using the Language band. 4. No answer will fit perfectly thus examiners must judge which fits the best.
Content and Language Descriptors MARK RANGE CONTENT a consistently relevant and convincing response to the task almost always provides textual evidence with details and welldeveloped a relevant response to the task usually provides textual evidence (some development) MARK RANGE LANGUAGE accurate very wellorganised
10 – 9
largely accurate wellorganised frequent errors but meaning is never in doubt fairly organized some blurring in meaning poorly organised makes little or no sense at all lacks organisation
an intermittently relevant response to the task provides some textual evidence
a response of very little relevance of task hardly any textual evidence
shows barely any understanding of the requirement(s) of the task response has no relevance to the task
ANSWER KEY IN THE MIDST OF HARDSHIP 1. 2. 3. 4. The village was experiencing a very bad flood due to the heavy rain. They were out in the heavy rain the whole night. They going around the village, searching for their son‟s buffalo. Their clothes were wet and torn. Their bodies were covered with scratches and wounds. 5. The wounds and scratches on their legs were caused by bits of wood and debris that were floating around in the water. 6. Line 2,stanza 3 („and grew up without a sigh or a complaint‟) 7. The couplehad faced hardships all their lives and had learnt to accept it as part and parcel of their lives. 8. They were out searching for their son‟s albino buffalo. 9. - Yes, I would. I do not want to disappoint my son. I would try my best fo find my son‟s buffalo as I love my son very much and do want to see him sad. - No, I would not. The rain was coming down heavily , so I would wait for the rain to stop and then ask someone to help search for the buffalo.. (accept any logical reason that is appropriate for the answer given) 10. The night was dark and it was raining heavily. They gave their best in searching for the buffalo. 11. The incident was just one of their hardships faced and for them, life went on. 12. It was a terrifying flood, which caused damage to properties and lifestock. 13. The couple had tried their best but the search was not successful. However, they were not affected by the lost. They went on through their daily routine, while enjoying each other‟s companies. 14. Life is full of challenges. One must try the best to overcome hurdles but do not be dampened by failure. 15. Resilient, tough with a care-free attitude towards life. 16. The phrase refers to the dead animals. The animals were probably swept away by the flood water and drowned. 17. It is a village because a. the couple went searching for a buffalo which is normally found in a village. b. “rolling cigarette leaves”…describes what people in villages do. 18. The flood resulted in loss of properties and lifestock.and most probably causing poverty and hunger among the villagers. 19. The rain was heavy and non-stop. The flood water was strong, washing away properties and other valuable things . 20. - Yes. Because as a villager, those difficulties would be a part of my life. - No, I do not think I can live a difficult live as I am used to living comfortably
HE HAD SUCH QUIET EYES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. The man‟s eyes which were deceiving. The eyes were deceiving as they looked reliable but actually dangerous just like stepping on thin ice. The eyes were asking her to be nice to him and to love him. No. she regretted not following the advice given by others regarding her relationship with the man. Not to fall for men who pretend to be nice and loving. The persona advices others to be sure that the one they love is truly a gentleman, because it would avoid future heartaches. I think, she was deceived by the man‟s behaviour and manners. Men who have relationships for fun without committing themselves. We may face many failures and uncertainties, but those experiences will eventually help us to choose the right one. She would not have to suffer the heartache and disappointment of failed relationship. To bring him happiness that can be equated with paradise. I think she was disappointed and regretted being so lovestruck until she could see the real situation. It probably means that the eyes did not reveal much. It was expressionless, hiding his real emotion. If I met a person like that, I would not trust him without finding out more about him. It is difficult to judge a person if he does not reveal his emotions. (accept any logical answer) I would break off our friendship as I would not want to waste my time being with a liar and a conman. (accept any logical answer) a. We should learn from our mistakes and do not repeat it. b. We should not trust anyone immediately before finding out first about him/her He pretended to love her by being a perfect gentleman, loving caring and pretending to be really dependant on her. - Yes. She should have been careful as there many cases of ladies being cheated by conman in the media. - No, maybe she thought he was a good man and was really in love with her.
1. 2. 3. 4.
Jamaica experiences hot as well as rainy weather. The other countries have summer, winter, autumn and spring. The rain comes down heavy and makes a lot of noise as it hits the roof. The sight of the sun shining on the lush green canefields.
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Most probably everyone is in their house as it is raining heavily, thus there is no other sound. After the rain, the plants and flowers bloom in vibrant colours, painting a beautiful picture of nature. On a rainy day, sheets of water come down hard everywhere, creating a lot of noise while the gullies are full of water. The best days are went the flowers and trees begin to blossom and the air is full of insects such as bees going for the honey. The main crop would be sugar cane as the poem talks about cane fields always Once the rain is gone, the earth is soft and rich in minerals so it is an ideal condition for plants to grow well Jamaicans only two distinctive seasons that is hot days and rainy days. The gold sun refers to the beautiful sun rays that shine brightly on the cane fields. The fields are bare after the crop has been harvested and waiting for clearing and replanting. The air is full of insects searching for honey as the place is full of flowers and young shoots. It refers to the buttercup. Lush and green The grass sways and shakes to the breeze. Beats like bullets on the roof. We can hear the bees buzzing around and we can smell the fresh honey present in the flowers. The petals have fallen down and covered the pavement.
ARE YOU PLAYING STILL PLAYING THE FLUTE? 1. 2. 3. A flute The person who plays the flute. All the younger generation have more to other places, most probably searching for job and better life. 4. It is left unattended and abandoned. 5. The persona longs to hear the songs played by the flutist. 6. The flutist plays the flute with his/her fingers and by blowing into the flute to produce beautiful songs. 7. There is no one to take care of it or to work on the land. It has been left to rot. 8. - watching the rain fall - gazing at the sunset - collecting the dew drops in the morning - smelling the fragrance of flowers 9. He/She feels guilty of thinking about something she enjoys when people around her/him are facing difficulties. 10. It describes the earth that is facing turmoil and bloodshed.
11. Unemployment, political unrest, killing/bloodshed 12. - unable to watch the rain coming down - unable to enjoy the sunset - unable to enjoy the fragrance of flowers. 13. Because according to the poet, these things are rarity and time is also limited. 14. The song most probably reminds the poet of life in the village which was the opposite of what the poet was experiencing now. 15. - Changes can be traumatic, affecting the person. - Be aware of the happenings around you and should take responsibility to overcome/solve them. 16. To show the poet different intentions. Initially, the poet missed the flutist and her village but in the last the poet was upset that the poet was ignorant of the serious situations their country was facing.. 17. The music of the flute went deep into her heart. 18. The poet is busy with her life and is engrossed with her surroundings so she had no time for other things. SHORT STORIES QWERTYUIOP 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. It refers to the alphabets on the first row of the typewriter. Lucy had poor typing skills and an equally poor qualifications Her boss, Mr. Ross of Ross and Bannister‟s A former secretary who used to work for Mr. Bannister. She managed to convince Mr. Broome that Mr. Bannister really missed her expertise and would most probably be needing her to organise his things in the other world. Initially, she was shocked but later felt sorry for Miss Broome. I would try my best to chase Miss Broome‟s ghost from the typewriter so that I could work without any disturbances. I would not quit as it was hard to get good jobs. Mr. Drake is an odd-job man who had been with the company for a long time She was a quiet man who does not throw tantrums. She loves her unemployed brother and took him in. He was always spending their hard-earned money on his drinks. She wanted to leave her home and stay on her own as she was fed up with her poor way of life. She understood what Uncle Bert was going through and felt sorry for him. She was getting old and of poor health. She was uncertain about the possibilities of getting her job because of her poor qualifications and skills. She immediately covered them with correcting fluid and continued to type. Most probably, they scared of Miss Broome who haunted the typewriter.
6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.
17. - We should have the courage and perseverance to accomplish what we started. - We should to empathise and understand the needs of others if we want to help them. 18. The job had been vacant for a long time and Mr. Ross was desperate to hire a secretary. 19. - Yes because she felt unwanted and unappreciated after devoting most of her life to the job - No. She was dead so she should let go of her job. She was being very selfish. 20. She was angry at Lucy for taking her place and wanted to cause trouble so that Lucy would quit the job. 21. Uncle Bert never did anything in the house except to drink. So, she was surprised that Uncle Bert had cooked for her. 22. Lucy informed Miss Broome that Mr. Bannister had died 3 years ago and would most probably be needing his old secretary to help organise things for him. 23. A brass clock 24. -Yes, she needed to understand why she was sacked suddenly so by haunting the typewriter, she could get answers for her uncertainties. - No. let bygones be bygones. She was dead so she should just accept the facts and have a peaceful afterlife. 25. Yes. She had shown courage and determination when handling Miss Broome‟s problems. So I think she would strive to be a good secretary in the future. THE FRUITCAKE SPECIAL 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Anna was a simple girl who did not attract much attention from the opposite sex. David Amos was her boss. She added a piece of fruitcake that was packed by her mother for her lunch. Anna was working as a chemist at the Amos Cosmetics factory. She thought that he would laugh at her if he found out about her secret ingredient. - Yes. Since Sabina was so rude to Anna, let her experience the headache of having all the men fall for her. - No. She should not have wasted the perfume on Sabina. She could have used again some other time. 7. Sabina is a rich girl who is used to getting what she wants. She is arrogant and snobbish. 8. - Yes. Obviously Armstrong loved Anna very much since he had waited until he had a stable job before proposing to her. - No. She should not have made the decision so fast. Maybe she can wait first before rushing into it. 9. The perfume was intoxicating and had a strong effect on men. 10. We should always look beyond the physical appearance when searching for a friend. 11. Yes. He had shown that he was a responsible, rational man.
12. Mr. Amos is a man who sees the status before befriending someone and not at the character. He turned down Anna just because she was only his employee and not rich enough for him. 13. She was upset and irritated at the thought of Aunt Mimi finding her a husband. 14. He was head over heels in love with Anna and was singing a love song for her. 15. She bought the fruitcake from a little place in the market. 16. It had the ability to change one‟s feelings towards others. 17. After knowing the secret behind the perfume, I would have kept the perfume carefully for future use. 18. She felt that Anna was trying to take David Amos away from her. 19. Armstrong was the pizza delivery boy who used to deliver pizza to Anna‟s house. 20. He was uncomfortable about the situation as he was not attracted to her anymore. He wanted to cancel the date. 21. She felt hurt and angry because Sabina had insulted her. It was as if she was not worthy of David and could be pacified with money. - Yes. I would work for a man like David who had no principles and looked down on his employees. - No. I would continue to work there so that David Amos would always be reminded of the blunder he made every time he saw Anna. 23. I think she wanted to find out the ingredients of the fruitcake that caused it to have such an effect on the men. 22. He couldn‟t understand how he became attracted to Anna who was a simple girl when he was in love with the rich Sabina. 25. They thought that David Amos was a good catch and would be a good husband for Anna NOVEL CHAPTER ONE 1. Continuing her studies. 2. Her sister had passed away 3. Her course mate. 4. Liked by all as he was friendly. 5. She felt obliged to tell him the reason for her leaving London. 6. Sad and unsure of what to expect in Malaysia. 7. By the tube. 8. She seldom made trips to Malaysia because the suitcase had noy been used for two years. 9. Cold morning breeze. CHAPTER 2 1. A regular smile without feelings. 2. The green terrain reminded her of the lush, green fields of her kampong. 3. Madhuri was 4 years older than Azreen.
A charming girl who is pretty and well-liked. She is a good daughter to her parents. a) Azreen - short and wears spectacles - fury-tempered, speaks her mind b) Madhuri- pretty, charming - well-liked by all a) Walking/cycling around the village. b) Pluck rambutans and durians from the fruit plantation. Madhuri is well- liked and her parents always compared her to her sister.
CHAPTER 3 1. Irritated because Pn. Normala was spreading untrue rumours about Madhuri to the villagers. 2. Noor said that Madhuri had been murdered. 3. Siti is Pn. Kamsiah‟s daughter while Noor is Pn. Normala‟s daughter. Siti and Noor are classmates. 4. Pn. Normala‟s words and actions are vicious and malicious. 5. According to Pn. Normala, Madhuri was murdered and her blood was white. 6. Pn. Normala thinks that they were cursed because Madhuri‟s blood was white just like the legend of Mahsuri. 7. 12 hours on the plane to KL and two hours to Langkawi. A total of 14 hours. 8. They are Azreen‟s sponsors and almost like 2nd parents. 9. She did not want to upset Azreen who would most probably be tired after her long journey. 10. A warning which implies that something mysterious had happened , unknown to most CHAPTER 4 1. Yes, Madhuri gave Quran lessons when Siti was six or seven years old. 2. Azreen entered the house and went straight to the back of the house without greeting anyone. 3. Azreen met Datin Sharifah and Datuk Zul in students‟ exchange programme when they became her adoptive parents. They were close almost a family. 4. A mattress/a chair / a few boxes of clothes. 5. In a rubber estate. 6. - Her father did not allow her to see Madhuri‟s body - Her father regarded Datuk Zul and Datin Sharifah as outsiders and ignored them. - Her father did not inform her mother about Madhuri‟s death. - Did not allow Madhuri‟s mother to attend the funeral. 7. According to them, Azreen was a troublemaker, spiteful and bad-tempered. 8. No, she suffers from memory lapse. 9. Alzheimer‟s disease (memory loss) 10. No , she was not. 11. Azreen‟s father/ En.Saleh Abdullah. a) Azreen‟s mother
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b) Angry He did not want his wife at the graveyard because of his wife‟s poor health and memory loss. She would not be aware of what was happening or it could be very hard on her. Madhuri‟s husband. - She loved to put flowers on her silky hair. - Her laughter as the flower gently falls on her lashes. Ashraf is a teacher in a nearby school. He was Azreen‟s schoolmate. In school while she was sitting in the empty school hall waiting for her friends. A smart and handsome prefect who was admired by girls in the school. She felt that others think she was weird, a bookish bespectacled girl who had a fury personality. She joined the hockey team and helped to win the games. He was in love with only one person. A dark shape/a movement that darted across the gate and disappeared down the pathway. Pn. Fatiha. She cut the curtains that Madhuri had bought with a keris belonging to her husband. Haji Ghani was very much in love with his second wife. Madhuri‟s presence dominated their home. Haji Ghani was a rich village headman who was respected by all. He dotes on his wife.
CHAPTER 5 1. The walls were dark brown covered by creepers. - A tiny stream flowed past the house - It smelt of flowers and herbs 2. She went to the market. 3. Mohd. Ashraf. 4. He was about to go to Kuala Kedah for some business when he heard about the news. 5. He said Madhuri was killed in an accident that was covered up by Madhuri‟s husband. 6. Chicken porridge. 7. She remembered when Azreen was eight. Madhuri‟s hand was burnt because Azreen could not keep quiet. Mother recalled how Madhuri defended Azreen from her father‟s beating too. 8. Madhuri. 9. Awang was the village bomoh. He was a stubby little man, his left leg was shorter than his right so he walked with an unsteady gait. 10. A woman, with a long thick hair and pale gaunt face. She looked like a Pontianak to him.
11. He left the gate open and Ashraf was blamed for it. 12. She wanted to protect Ashraf and keep him from trouble. 13. She saw how Ashraf was looking at Madhuri during her wedding. He looked dejected and sad. 14. A tall woman with greyish hair with deep wrinkles that spoke of strength and wisdom. 15. She had murdered her husband. They believed she had the power to turn anyone into a squirrel or a rat. 16. Azreen took up a dare to go to the house. She managed to talk to the Old Lady and she showed that she did not believe in the rumours. The next day, she repaired the damaged bed of vegetables and was able to win her heart. 17. Curry Kapitan 18. The weather was cold, a lot of places to visit, tasty food, can travel by doubledecker bus. 19. Azreen is curious and irritated that nobody explained to her about the accident. 20. She was murdered. CHAPTER 6 1. 2. A young Indian boy who works at the estate. She saw a gash across Madhuri‟s side which could only be made with a large blade. 3. Haji Ghani and a few of his relatives. 4. One of the kenduris held at the village. Her beautiful voice and rendition of syair which was flawless. 5. a) trying to bury a frog in the mud b) she was muddy and wiped all the dirt on herself. c) I. adventurous, playful II. caring, protective of Azreen III. gets angry very fast, jumps into conclusions without investigating 6. The medication made her sleepy. 7. In a motorcycle mishap. Her father had collided with a bull, causing the motorcycle to fall Azreen‟s mother‟s legs. She lost the use of her legs her because of that. 8. Azreen was loyal and protective of her friend. She accepted the blame bravely as she did not her friend to get into trouble. 9. Madhuri met Asraf for the first time at their house when Asraf came over to enquire about Azreen‟s mother‟s condition. 10. She confided to the Old Lady. 11. She advised Azreen to tell the truth. 12. The villagers isolated her because they accused her of killing her husband in cold blood
13. Yes. She murdered her husband who was abusive. She stabbed him with a knife, in self-defense as he was physically abusing her. 14. It was a letter from her school informing her that she had been chosen to participate in an exchange programme which required her to stay at mainland with a foster family. 15. To complain about Azreen who had slapped her daughter. 16. - Yes because her daughter had said nasty thing about Azreen‟s mother‟s physical disability. - No as slapping the girl would not solve any problem but instead would make matters worse 17. She joined a two-month student‟s exchange programme. She went to Georgetown to stay with Datuk Zulkifli and his wife Datin Sharifah. She had a wonderful time and she was more calm and composed at the end of her stay with them. 18. She received a scholarship offer to further her studies overseas. 19. Her foster parents, Datuk Zulkifli and Datin Sharifah. 20. They would go to a rocky limestone cliff overlooking the crystal clear sea. It was a beautiful and peaceful place. CHAPTER 7 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. His grandmother was not feeling well. She had fever and was coughing for a long time He was very close to his grandmother and loved her very much. He was at a meeting with his village committee members. Haji Ghani saw a woman in a flowing white dress, walking past the trees. He could not see the face clearly as it was hidden behind her long black hair. Her father rarely spoke to her since she came back from overseas. He always grumbled or scolded her even for the smallest mistake she made. The door of the coop was unlatched and one of the chickens were missing. She found a carcass of a chicken with its neck broken. Pn Normala had told him that she saw bomoh Awang burning something and that her cat fell sick immediately after it went near the ashes. He expected her to be proud and self-centered. He thought she would be speaking Malay with an English accent. It was from her friend, Julian. Julian had written about the things that was happening there. He had also enclosed a letter from Malaysia which was addressed to her but arrived only after she had left the place - Madhuri was concerned about her sister. - Madhuri respected and thought highly of Haji Ghani‟s first wife, Pn. Fatihah - It had been raining non-stop for two days. - She overheard Haji Ghani and his wife fighting and according to her, they had never fought before. - She had seen a banshee wondering around the graveyard.
14. Hj. Ghani accused his wife of stealing Madhuri‟s personal belongings and throwing them away. 15. Asraf fought with Haji Ghani because the latter had insulted his wife as well all the women in general. Hj Ghani was rude, loud and offensive 16. She had feelings for Asraf since her schooling days CHAPTER 8 1. 2. 3. It had been raining for 4 days and the rivers were almost over flowing. On the fifith day, Azreen‟s mother passed away. Madhuri was protective over her sister and always helped her sister solve her problems. Her mother was a loving and caring person who valued her children‟s efforts more than the monetary loss. She caught sight of a face at the window and wanted to find out who it was. Madhuri‟s house was on fire. Azreen‟s father came on time and tried to put out the fire by using wet soil. The heavy rain also helped to kill the fire. Most probably, Pn. Fatihah wanted the bomoh to give her a charm that would help her win back her husband. The shadow she saw was actually a lady with pale face and long black hair. Pn Fatihah was so scared and she fainted when she saw the lady walking towards her. The grandmother would not be able to ride the motorcycle to jetty in the heavy rain. Besides that, the sea was to choppy for any boats to cross over to the mainland. His grandmother had taken care of him since he was young. His parents died when he was still young. She had sent him to school, prepared food and lovingly took care of him when he was sick. Saleh Abdullah was Azreen‟s father and he accused the bomoh of starting the fire at his house. She saw Saleh Abdullah grabbing the bomoh angrily and pushing him into the bomoh‟s house. She also almost tripped over Pn Fatihah who was just regaining consciousness. She felt comfortable staying at the old lady‟s house. She had a lot of sad memories back home and she felt no one cared for her including her father. He went to the market to buy some herbs to make traditional medicine for his grandmother. The crops were destroyed by the flood which was caused by the heavy rain. He decided to go to the Old Lady‟s House which was on a hill so her plants would not be affected by the flood. She advised Azreen to learn to let go and forgive as forgiveness would set her free from all troubles. Initially, she tried to scare him off by pretending to be fierce.
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19. a. She reminded the Old Lady that it was she who said a good doctor would never give out medication without examining the patient.. The Old lady would never forgive herself if her herbs caused more harm than good to the patient. Furthermore, the grandmother‟s symptoms appeared to be more serious than a simple fever. b. The Old lady was reluctant to go for she feared the villagers would attack her or even burn her house down. 20. Asraf gave her the guarantee that he would handle any problems raised by the villagers. He just wanted the Old Lady to treat his grandmother. CHAPTER 9 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Siti was left to take care of Nek. To Siti, the Old Lady was old and had a stern look but her eyes was kind and gentle. Besides that, she handled Nek gently and with a lot of care. She was afraid the Old lady would harm her daughter. She said that evil was spreading causing floods, fires, sickness and deaths. With the presence of the Old Lady, they would be facing tragedy. She boiled some herbs, dried roots and leaves to make an infusion. She also pounded some nuts to be used as medication. She gently rubbed an ointment made from lemon grass and other oils, into Nek‟s knees, elbows and shoulders. She also gave Nek a herbal drink. He was instructed to give the medicine every hour until the tea finished. She wrote a letter to Julian, informing him of her sister‟s funeral, her mother‟s demise as well as the unceasing rain that was causing flood and lots of crops. She had stopped cooking since Madhuri took over the duty of preparing food. So, I think she was trying to win back her husband by serving him delicious food. No he did not. He felt it was unfair to have such a lavish breakfast when the other villagers were facing hardship and short supply of food. She was feeling much better and was able to sit up. She went home to fetch some eggs which were requested by the Old Lady. The eggs would be used for further treatment Azreen found Bomoh Awang moving around her house compound. All the villagers, led by Pn. Fatihah, had gathered in front of Asraf‟s house and threatened to break the door down. They wanted the Old Lady out of their village. Pn. Fatihah They accused Azreen of bringing the Old Lady into the village.They believe this had brought bad luck to the village and fear someone might die. Azreen‟s father, Saleh Abdullah. He knew that Azreen could take care of herself as she was independent and more like him. She wanted to leave because she wanted to avoid trouble especially when nek was getting better and needed the rest.
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20. He was referring to the rain which had finally stopped. CHAPTER 10 1. 2. 3. 4. After performing her prayers, she went to the kitchen to prepare dinner. There was a sense of peace between the two of them. No feeling of anger or hatred. She wanted to inform Azreen that the villagers were heading to the Old Lady‟s house because they blamed her for Nek‟s death. After Nek passed away, a few of the villagers managed to convince Asraf that his grandmother died because of the Old Lady. So, he gathered a few villagers and decided to seek revenge. No. they did not go near the house because they were afraid. They believed that she was a witch and would harm them if they go too near. Asraf was more daring because he had entered the house earlier when he was asking for the Old Lady‟s help. So, he was scared of her. She placed herself between the crowd and the house. She slow began to inch herself towards the house. She tried to stop Asraf but he was full of anger and wanted revenge. The Old Lady‟s house caught fire and she was not able to escape. She perished in the fire. Azreen‟s father, Saleh Abdullah. He was convinced that his grandmother died because of the Old Lady and he wanted revenge. They were in love. He was offered a teaching post in KL. He also wanted his grandmother to have better medical care which can be found in KL. She wanted to explain to her husband, Hj Ghani, and ask his permission to release her. She wanted to break the news gently to her parents and most of all, she wanted to meet Azreen first before leaving the place They met the same day that she died. They met at the rubber plantation. To the place she and the Old lady used to go, to the cliff that looked out to sea. She saw rows of rubber trees with cups of latex hanging at the side and a soy where the path has broadened with uneven spots She met Bomoh Awang wandering in the plantation. She found out that Madhuri was not her real sister but was adopted at a young age. He found the baby in a paddy field. Her father left her mother penniless with a child to care for. She went mad. She left the baby in the paddy field to search for food. She never did anything to get her baby back and just disappeared. The woman was Madhuri‟s birth mother. Azreen had helped him many years ago. It was Bomoh Awang who had left the gate open, causing the bull to escape. He would have been caught and punished if
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the owners knew. But lucky for him, Azreen had taken the blame and the issue was forgotten. 24. He had burnt same charms around her house to protect her. He had picked up the crumpled letter that Azreen had thrown, in order to give back to her. 25. According to him, Hj Ghani knew about Madhuri and Asraf‟s relationship and wanted to cover the death so that the villagers would know the truth. CHAPTER 11 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. She was shocked and speechless. The same lady who was always following her. The woman was pointing to something behind a pile of woods. He looked defeated and defenceless, unable to explain anything. It was a parang . It was the parang that Saleh uses to chop woods. At the edge of the parang there was a sticky substance that looked like tree sap. He was waiting to see Azreen‟s reaction. I think it was the rubber latex. She remembered what Pn Normala had said the day she came back from London …”She had white blood” She realised that it was her father who had killed her sister. She was a beautiful and good woman who carried out her duties as a wife and daughter perfectly. He saw Madhuri and Asraf. He refered to Saleh . he saw red means he was fuming mad. No, he only pushed her to the ground but unfortunately she fell on his parang as he was going towards Asraf. She was shocked and could not bring herself to look at him The same woman with her long flowing hair. Madhuri‟s birth mother. He was going towards the house when he saw Madhuri‟s birth mother coming towards him. To him, she looked like Madhuri. He was terrified when he realised the woman was holding his parang. He fell and had a heart attack due to the shock. They said he died of heart attack He already had a weak heart. The past few weeks, with the death of his wife and daughter, had brought a lot of stress on him
CHAPTER 12 1. 2. 3. She left the village and went back to London to continue her studies. She was happy that her daughter‟s murderer had died. Asraf left Langkawi and had taken a teaching post in KL
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