RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Topic 7:
Experimental Research Design

hmn.oum2011

hmn. 3.Learning Outcomes 1. 2. Define what is research design. and 4. Discuss the ethics of experimental research.oum2011 . Explain the differences between a true experimental design and a quasi-experimental design. Distinguish the ways in which good research designs differ from weak research designs.

plan or strategy specifying the procedure to be used in seeking an answer to the research question. hmn.oum2011 . • Choose a design that will give you maximum control over variables or factors that explain the results obtained. • It specifies such things as how to collect and analyse the data. • The design of an experiment will show how extraneous variables are controlled.Introduction • Research design refers to the outline.

X = Treatment which may be a teaching method.g. O3 On = more than one observation or measurement. weight of subjects. counselling techniques.Symbols Used in Experimental Research Design • • Research design can be thought of as the structure of research i. hmn. reading strategy. In experimental research. frequency of questioning and so forth. etc.). mathematics score. a few selected symbols are used to show the design of a study. O2. R = Random assignment: subjects are randomly assigned to the various groups.oum2011 . score on an attitude scale.e. O = Observation or Measurement (e. O1. it is the “glue” that holds all of the elements in a research project together.

oum2011 .110 hmn.Selection Bias: 2.Weak Designs A) One-shot Design •This is a simple design where the researcher makes a single observation without any follow-up measure or comparison with another homogenous group. •This design is weak for the following reasons: 1.History B)One-group Pre-test and Post-test Design C) Non-equivalent Post-test Only Design Refer to page 108 .

in terms of who gets the treatment condition.True Experimental Design • • What is a ”true experimental design?” According to Christensen.114 hmn.oum2011 .” Two major types of true designs: • 1) after-only design 2) before-after design Refer to page 112 . and in terms of the amount of treatment condition that subjects receive. “to be a true experimental design. a research design must enable the researcher to maintain control over the situation in terms of assignment of subjects to groups.

the primary reason that full control is not achieved is because participants cannot be randomly assigned”.Quasi-Experimental Design • According to Christensen and Johnson. In most instances. a quasi-experimental design is “an experimental research design that does not provide for full control of potential confounding variables.118 . A) Non-equivalent Control-group Design B) Interrupted Time Series Design Refer to page 115 .

Topic 8 – Qualitative Research Methods .THE END Please read Ethics in Experimental Research. Next is…..

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