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Topic 7 - Experimental Research Design

Topic 7 - Experimental Research Design

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Published by: aru6374 on Dec 18, 2011
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Topic 7:
Experimental Research Design


Distinguish the ways in which good research designs differ from weak research designs. 3. Discuss the ethics of experimental research. Explain the differences between a true experimental design and a quasi-experimental design. Define what is research design. hmn.oum2011 .Learning Outcomes 1. 2. and 4.

Introduction • Research design refers to the outline. • It specifies such things as how to collect and analyse the data.oum2011 . • The design of an experiment will show how extraneous variables are controlled. hmn. • Choose a design that will give you maximum control over variables or factors that explain the results obtained. plan or strategy specifying the procedure to be used in seeking an answer to the research question.

counselling techniques. score on an attitude scale. reading strategy. In experimental research.g. O1. hmn.oum2011 .e. weight of subjects.Symbols Used in Experimental Research Design • • Research design can be thought of as the structure of research i.). O2. etc. O = Observation or Measurement (e. O3 On = more than one observation or measurement. it is the “glue” that holds all of the elements in a research project together. a few selected symbols are used to show the design of a study. X = Treatment which may be a teaching method. R = Random assignment: subjects are randomly assigned to the various groups. mathematics score. frequency of questioning and so forth.

Weak Designs A) One-shot Design •This is a simple design where the researcher makes a single observation without any follow-up measure or comparison with another homogenous group.History B)One-group Pre-test and Post-test Design C) Non-equivalent Post-test Only Design Refer to page 108 .oum2011 .110 hmn.Selection Bias: 2. •This design is weak for the following reasons: 1.

oum2011 . a research design must enable the researcher to maintain control over the situation in terms of assignment of subjects to groups. in terms of who gets the treatment condition. “to be a true experimental design.” Two major types of true designs: • 1) after-only design 2) before-after design Refer to page 112 . and in terms of the amount of treatment condition that subjects receive.True Experimental Design • • What is a ”true experimental design?” According to Christensen.114 hmn.

the primary reason that full control is not achieved is because participants cannot be randomly assigned”. In most instances. a quasi-experimental design is “an experimental research design that does not provide for full control of potential confounding variables.Quasi-Experimental Design • According to Christensen and Johnson.118 . A) Non-equivalent Control-group Design B) Interrupted Time Series Design Refer to page 115 .

Topic 8 – Qualitative Research Methods ..THE END Please read Ethics in Experimental Research. Next is….

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