06.

April 2006

Introduction to UMTS Radio KPI
3G network planning introduce
www.huawei www.huawei.com .com
Huawei Northwest Africa Region RNP Solution Manage: William.chen William.chen@huawei.com
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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Agenda
n n n

UMTS Radio KPI overview 3G Network Optimization Case Study of KPI Optimization

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3G KPIs Principle: S.M.A.R.T
Specific
the KPI has clear and complete definition and formula, include check point and procedure.

Measurable

KPIs are measurable by given condition, measurement equipment and procedure.

Attainable Relevant Time-bound

all the KPIs should be reachable, it is refer to the commercial network. the KPI can show the subscriber experience the KPI target should be on the base of time-bound

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3G KPIs : Specific Complete KPI definition include the formula combine with the check point or procedure. The example: RRC Connection Successful Rate n formula RRCS_SRService = RRCConnectionSuccessservice ×100% RRCConnectionAttempt service n Check point The number of “RRC Connection Attempt” is A1 or A2? A2 represent the effective number of “RRC Connection Attempt”.. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. LTD. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory.com Page 4 .

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.3G KPIs : Measurable – Drive Test n Field Test -> Drive Test Evaluate the overall network performance.com Page 5 . usually on the network pre-launch phase and initial stage of commercial launch.pdffactory.. Data analysis Probe & Assistant is used for analyzing test data HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Test platform Multiple test model UEs can perform different tests. LTD. it is involved about 20 sites in one cluster usually. Driver test route is based on cluster.

pdffactory. and usually used in indoor test scenario.. System KPI is suggested to be test by stationary: n Throughput KPI n Delay KPI n Quality KPI Core Network NodeB Stationary test condition is fixed. LTD. Radio Network performance nRadio network planning nSpecial environment condition HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Radio Network KPI test is suggested to be test by drive test n Call drop rate n Handover successful rate RNC NodeB System performance nEquipment ability nTransmission nNetwork construct n….3G KPIs : Measurable – Stationary test n Field Test ->stationary Test Evaluate the system / equipment performance. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com Page 6 .

Any corresponding dept. that enough no distance Terminal: ordinary mean network traffic should be reach high limitation level.pdffactory.. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.3G KPIs : Measurable – Statistic test n Statistic Test Nastar server Monitoring & analysis center Recommended for security Essential Optimization team OM system Pre-Condition for Statistic Test Subscriber care center Local networks There must bePC or laptop. statistic sample.com Page 7 . LTD.

LTD.Huawei KPI test platform comprehensive analysis of the performance.. configuration.com Page 8 .pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. alarm GENEX Nastar 3G iManagerTM M2000 obtaining test data op para tim me iza tion ter fil au es to de matic live sharing of ry Node B analysis results RNC v GENEX Probe v AGILENT v QUALCOMM v HUAWEI RNC multiple test data GENEX Assistant 3G Node B HLR/AC Node B RNS GENEX Probe WCDMA R NC te d a ta s t Node B wireless test data MSC/SSP/ VLR RNC PSTN PLMN ISDN GMSC/SSP CN GENEX UNet Node B Node B RNS network pre-planning/planning HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Email. HTTP… Service Performance Radio Network KPI AMR12. HSDPA/HSUPA Accessibility Retainability Integrity Mobility Utilization Availability Statistic / Measurement data HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.3G KPIs: Relevant Examples of User Experience (QoE) completion of a download file End-to-end response is fast The voice and video is Clare Voice.. Video Phone. LTD.2.com Page 9 . CS64k. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. WAP. FTP.pdffactory. MMS.PS64k/128k/384k.

.pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.Huawei 3G KPIs Architecture 3G KPIs Accessability Retainability Service Integrity Mobility Delay/Latency Availability • Call Setup Success Rate (Voice/VP) • PDP Context Activation Success Rate • SMS/MMS Success Rate • Call Drop Rate (Voice/VP) • PDP Context Drop Rate • PS Throughput • SHO Success Rate • Hard Handover Success Rate • Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate • Call Setup Delay (Voice/VP) • PDP Context Activation Time • RTT • Worst Cell Rate HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 10 . LTD.

68% 3% 2.28% Others 59.94% Call drop cause HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.3G KPIs: It is not only a value 3G KPI is not only a value. for example of CDR (Call Drop Rate) Network Planning Network Construct Transmission optimization Coverage Root cause drop-call Hand over Pilot pollution Neighbor cell 2G Transport problem Interference Scramble congestionresource 4. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com Page 11 . but a system..68% 0. LTD.29% 11.02% 7.pdffactory.45% 10.56% 0.

Competition n Huawei will be responsibility for every complied KPI. Attainable Common target for Mobilis and Huawei Technical HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.3G KPIs: Attainable 3G KPI is output of combination with investment include technology. LTD.pdffactory. Cost Huawei KPI comply principle: Reasonable n Cooperate with Mobilis to work out a Competitive KPI. cost. KPI target n Use the experience from other commercial network. HR. competition strategy etc.com Page 12 ..

3G KPIs: Time-bound nMature Network ü Drive Test KPIs ü Stationary test KPIs ü Network Statistics nOngoing Optimization 100 100 90 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 nCommercial Launch Nastar Probe & Assistant n Pre-Launch KPI Acceptance Probe & Assistant Ea lif c h K ed P ur I h at a s io n ü Drive Test KPIs ü Stationary test KPIs nNetwork construct HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www..com Page 13 0 0 3 3 6 6 9 9 12 12 15 15 18 18 21 21 24 24 27 27 30 30 33 33 36 36 39 39 42 42 45 45 48 48 Number of Sites Number of Sites ü Network Statistics ü Benchmark test Probe & Assistant ü Site verification . LTD.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.. LTD.Recommend test methodology Test Methodology RRC connection success rate Call setup success rate PDP activation success rate CS Call drop rate PS Call drop rate CS Call complete rate PS Call Complete rate HSPA Call drop rate R99 PS Throughput HSPA Throughput Soft handover success rate Inter-RAT handover success rate Pre-launch Acceptance Drive Test Drive Test Drive Test Drive Test Drive Test Stationary Stationary Stationary Drive Test Drive Test On-going Optimization Statistic Test Statistic Test Statistic Test Statistic Test Statistic Test Statistic Test Stationary Stationary Stationary Statistic Test Statistic Test HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 14 .

LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www..com Page 15 .Contents • UMTS Radio KPI overview • 3G Radio Network Optimization • Case Study of KPI Optimization HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory.

LTD..com . adjustment • Maintenance and upgrade • Contingency planning • Network expansion • ……. Pr ob an lem dr a es nal y olu s tio is n Customized and differentiated services Billing strategies Investment RF plan review DT & CQT KPI analysis Complaints Return Construction phase Troubleshooting Commercia l launch Booming phase Optimizing Page 16 Mature phase Balancing Time HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. Number Pre-launch optimization Single site verification Drop call Congestion Poor quality Access failure …… • RF adjustment • Para.Optimization throughout Life Cycle Subs.pdffactory.

.pdffactory. LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.Network Optimization Phases Optimization preparation RF optimization New site integrated Service test and parameter optimization Routine drive test and stats.com . analysis Single site verification N 80% sites in the cluster ready? Y N Acceptance criteria satisfied? Y Acceptance Page 17 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

LTD..pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com Page 18 .RF Optimization Target n To optimize coverage n To minimize pilot pollution n To optimize cell dominance n To optimize neighbor cell list n To resolve RF-related drop calls HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

. LTD.com Page 19 .pdffactory.RF Parameters Optimization n Engineering parameters adjustment To adjust antenna down tilt To adjust antenna azimuth To adjust antenna location To adjust antenna height To replace antenna To replace site To add new cell n Radio part parameters adjustment To optimize neighbor cell list HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.

LTD.com . pilot pollution exists -60 -65 RSCP (dBm) -70 -75 -80 -85 -90 SC1 SC2 SC3 SC4 SC5 SC6 Not Pilot Pollution Page 20 Pilot pollution will result in: (1) low signal quality (2) decreased system capacity (3) Call drops easier Margin -62 -64 -66 -68 -69 -81 Ways to optimize: (1) Antenna adjustment (e. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www..pdffactory.Pilot Pollution Minimization Pilot pollution definition: n SHO candidates (A) n Active set size (B) n If A>B. azimuth or down tilt) (2) Pilot power optimization Active Set Pilot Pollution HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.g.

pdffactory. LTD.. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.Pilot Pollution: Example HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 21 .

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.g. e. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.RF-related Drop Calls Problems n Poor coverage n High interference n Poor UL coverage n Poor dominance n Pilot pollution n Missing neighbors Appearance Poor RSCP & Ec/Io Poor Ec/Io or RTWP UE max Tx power many SHO events many cells present Fast change of RF conditions usually causes drop calls..pdffactory.com Page 22 . LTD. turning a corner.

optimization is an important step after RF optimization Service quality and network resources utilization will be improved after para. LTD.com Page 23 . Optimization Target n To reduce access failures n To reduce drop calls n To enhance service quality Para.Para.pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.. optimization HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

The influence caused by the cell parameters adjustment should be analyzed carefully. LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. n Intra-freq. n RL maximum power para. handover para. n Access power para. n Inter-RAT handover para..Parameters to be Optimized n CCCH power allocation para. An effective way to reduce drop calls Seldom adjusted HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 24 . n Cell re-selection para. n Power control para.pdffactory. n Other related para.

Optimize Treselection. Qhyst2 Qhyst2 Qhyst2 CPICH_Ec/Io Qhyst2 Qhyst2 CPICH_Ec/Io UE doesn’t camp onto the best cells. Qhyst2.Intra-freq. Sintrasearch UE doesn’t camp onto the best cells. Re-selection Para.com Page 25 . Sintrasearch != 0 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..pdffactory. LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. Qqualmin The black dotted line is the serving cells. Qqualmin Treselection Treselection Treselection Treselection Treselection Treselection Time Treselection. Sintrasearch = 0 Treselection. Qhyst2. Qhysts and Sintrasearch so as to have minimum ping-pong and minimum camped onto wrong cell The black dotted line is the serving cells.

.pdffactory.Contents • UMTS Radio KPI overview • 3G Radio Network Optimization • Case Study of KPI Optimization HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com Page 26 .

pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. LTD..com Page 27 .Case study from commercial projects • Example of Accessibility KPI analysis • Example of Call Drop KPI issue & solution • Example of Throughput KPI issue analysis HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

Rej. • VS.RAB.FailEstCS.RAB.Example of accessibility KPIs issue Trouble-shooting of RRC setup and RAB assignment problems: • STEP1: Identify the counter with the highest number • STEP2: Identify the Top 10 cells with the same problem VS.UL.RRC.Cell VS.R Breakdown of CS RAB failure (Counters) VS. LTD.I UB.com Page 28 .Fail e. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.FailEstPs. • VS.FailEstabCS.RAB.UL.RRC.Cong RRC.C E.CE.Cod VS.RAB.RAB. Other.Cong: RRC setup failure due to lack of UL CE resources HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Cell: Pre-admission control module reports a resource congestion.Rej.Rej.pdffactory.IUB.Rej.Band: The number of RABs unsuccessfully established in a cell due to IUB resource congestion causes.Other.FailEstPS.Band VS.RRC. RIPFail Breakdown of CS RRC failure (Counters) VS.Cong l VS.FailConnEstab.. NoReply Definition of Counters L.RRC.FailEstabCS.

88% 180.83% 142.00% 132.Analysis The “worst” sites (cells) that have been found to have both IUB and CE congestion issues: n0109TO (cell id 578/579/580) n0111TO (3882/3883/3884) n0070TO (18641/18642/18643) NodeB Name 2007-02-19 2007-02-20 132.29% 175.71% 158..00% 132.pdffactory.29% 2007-02-22 171.29% 2007-02-21 132. LTD.21% 148.33% HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 29 .29% 175.96% UL CE Occupation Rate 0070TO 0109TO 0111TO 120. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.

81%(48854/49946) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.79% to 98.53%(58114/59584) 97.80%(13638/13803) 97.09%(241127/245815) Suggested action plan: • CE/IUB expansion • Perform regular neighbour list check to further tune the performance 98.31%(3314/3371) 98.35%(256449/258126) 97.79%(294499/301169) 98.67%(2891/2930) 84. LTD. the KPI would improve substantially. if excluding the problematic sites.pdffactory. AMR RAB assignment success rate from 97.. say.17%(313992/316615) KPIs (without IUB Congestion sites) 99.com Page 30 . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.48%(16674/16932) 98.Suggested solution A comparative analysis shows that.09%: KPIs (including IUB Congestion sites) RRC Connection Setup Success Rate (CS)(>98%) AMR RAB Assignment Success Rate(>98%) Video Call RAB Assignment Success Rate(>98%) PS64 RAB Assignment Success Rate(>97%) PS128 RAB Assignment Success Rate(>97%) PS384 RAB Assignment Success Rate(>97%) 99.10%(1981/2384) 98.93%(2462/2899) 83.

pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com Page 31 ..Case study from commercial projects • Example of Accessibility KPI analysis • Example of Call Drop KPI issue & solution • Example of Throughput KPI issue analysis HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.0% 1.0% 2.2 Call Drop Rate 3. LTD.5% 2..0% 0.Example of Call drop rate issues AMR12.pdffactory.5% 3.0% 2006-01-16 2006-01-18 2006-01-20 2006-01-22 2006-01-24 2006-01-26 2006-01-28 2006-01-30 2006-02-01 2006-02-03 2006-02-05 2006-02-07 2006-02-09 2006-02-11 2006-02-13 2006-02-15 2006-02-17 2006-02-19 2006-02-21 2006-02-23 2006-02-25 2006-02-27 2006-03-01 2006-03-03 2006-03-05 2006-03-07 2006-03-09 2006-03-11 2006-03-13 2006-03-15 2006-03-17 2006-03-19 Drop Call Rate Voice(3G) Drop Call Rate Video(3G) Drop Call Rate (2G) Voice call drop rate changes over a threemonth optimization period Zone1 Solving Voice call drop rate problems in Top 3 zones Zone2 Zone3 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.5% 1.com Page 32 .5% 0.

etc. Zone 3 Mar.2-6 1.21% Optimization measures ü Scrambling code planning adjustment ü System/handover parameter tuning ü Neighbour list optimization ü RF optimization. LTD. 14-17 Feb..34%->1. 23-25 Call drop rate reduction 1.pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.38%->1.10% HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 33 .What measures were taken to solve the call drop problems? Zone Zone 1 Zone 2 Action time Feb.27% 1.57%->1.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. LTD.pdffactory.Case study from commercial projects • Example of Accessibility KPI analysis • Example of Call Drop KPI issue & solution • Example of Throughput issue analysis HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 34 ..

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. LTD..Example of throughput KPI issues 45 Huawei sites provide coverage for DT route (Madrid South East) Group FTP application throughput Minimum application throughput DL Service I/B PS UL:384 DL:384 HSDPA Target UL > 300 kbps DL > 361 kbps > 384 Kbit/s Valid calls 118 (UL) 87 (DL) 87 Successful 118 (UL) 87 (DL) 87 KPI 319 (UL) 293 (DL) 280 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory.com Page 35 .

. LTD.Analysis: coverage problems RNC 123 RNC 122 Areas that lack dominant pilot Drive test route involves 3 Huawei RNCs and 1 Nortel RNC RNC 121 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 36 .pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.

. mostly concerning the new sites that had been recently put on air • Areas with low throughput corresponds to bad Ec/Io figures and HHO to 2G Low throughput UE handover to GSM HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory.The impact of missing neighbours • DL R99 throughput has been impacted by the interference generated by missing neighbors. LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com Page 37 .

pdffactory.com Page 38 . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. the HSDPA minimum throughput problem is due to: • • DT route crosses the IUR area where HSDPA calls are reconfigured to DCH (H2D) UE moves from a non-hotspot to a hotspot site in HSDPA connected mode RNC 122 RNC 123 RNC 123 RNC 122 RNC 121 RNC 121 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Other causes In addition to coverage and missing neighbour causes.. LTD.

LTD.com .huawei .pdffactory.huawei.com HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com www..06.April 2006 Thank You www.

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