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Storage Tank Design Calculations Seismic Design Overturning Moment by Abdel Halim Galala

# Storage Tank Design Calculations Seismic Design Overturning Moment by Abdel Halim Galala

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# DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS

According to API 650 Code, Edition Sept. 2003 Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager Project Job Name Service Capacity : Design & procurement of storage tanks : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities : Crude Oil Storage Tank : 5000 M3
Page : 23 of 34 REV. : 0

Date : 26.9.2008 Location : Port Said Client : PETROBEL Item : TK-01A

A. Cylindrical Tank, Fixed-Roof with Rafter & Column (cont.) 9. Seismic Design. [APPENDIX E, API 650] 9.1. Overturning Moment due to Seismic forces applied to bottom of tank shell, M = Z I (C1 Ws Xs + C1 Wr Ht + C1 W1 X1 + C2 W2 X2) 10488643 Ft-lb where, Z = Seismic force factor, depends on seismic zone [Table E-2] Seismic zone of site I = Importance factor C1 = Lateral earthquake force coefficient C2 = Lateral earthquake force coefficient = 0.75 S / T when T <= 4.5 = 3.375 S / T2 when T > 4.5
[Para. E.3.3.3] [Para. E.3.3.3]

Kg-M

0.15 2A 1 0.6 0.203019 0.164867 1.5 5.541355 Sec. 0.625 78.60892 Ft 40.28858 Ft 1.951147 0.164867

S = Site coefficient [Table E-3] T = Natural period of the 1st sloshing mode = k (D0.5) k = Factor depends on ratio D/H [Figure E-4] D = Nominal tank dia. H = Max. design liquid level Ratio D/H Since T > 4.5 seconds, Use C2

23.96 12.28

M M

Ws = Total weight of tank shell Xs = Height from bottom of tank shell to shell's center of gravity Wr = Total weight of tank roof (fixed or floating) + portion of the snow load, if any, specified by the purchaser Ht = Total height of tank shell

180760.5 lb 15.6939 Ft 106077.9 lb 40.28858 Ft

81.9917 Ton 4.7835 M 48.1162 Ton 12.28 M

W1 & W2 = Weight of effective mass of tank contents that move in unison with tank shell [Para. E.3.2.1 & Figure E-2] D/H - Find ratio W 1 / W T by knowing D/H [Figure E-2] - Find ratio W 2 / W T by knowing D/H
[Figure E-2]

1.951147 0.38 0.52

W T = Total weight of tank contents = Tank volume x specific gr.
(specific gravity of the product to be specified by the purchaser)

12206584 lb
3 5.99E+12 Ft 4638502 lb

5536.82 Ton
3 5536.82 M Kg

Tank volume W 1 = Ratio ( W 1 / W T ) . W T W 2 = Ratio ( W 2 / W T ) . W T

6347424

lb

Kg

WL Resistance to the overturning moment at the bottom of the shell may be provided by the weight of the tank shell and by the anchorage of the tank shell.56 15. Seismic Design.5616 Ft 4.2.2 & Figure E-3] Ft Ft X2 = Height from bottom of tank shell to the centroid of lateral [E.5 However. the weight of a portion of the tank contents adjacent to the shell. specified yield strength of the bottom plate under the shell G = Design specific gravity of the liquid to be stored . 2003 Designed by : Eng.2008 Location : Port Said Client : PETROBEL Item : TK-01A 9.Find ratio X2 / H by knowing D/H X1 = Ratio ( X1 / H ) . H [E.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS According to API 650 Code.802 lb/Ft 3958.629921 INCH 30000 1 PSI MM tb = Thickness of the bottom plate under the shell Fby = Min. (cont. Edition Sept.87678 M 9.9 tb ( Fby G H )0.978 lb/Ft 3958.375 0.3. wL2 ) [Para. : 0 Date : 26.3. for unanchored tanks.802 lb/Ft 0.3.25 G H D Where.3. weight of the tank contents that may be used to resist the shell overturning moment. Design General Manager Project Job Name Service Capacity : Design & procurement of storage tanks : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities : Crude Oil Storage Tank : 5000 M3 Page : 24 of 34 REV.Find ratio X1 / H by knowing D/H . the portion of the contents that may be used to resist overturning depends on the width of the bottom plate under the shell that lifts off the foundation and may be determined as follows : wL = 7. Resistance to Overturning Moment at bottom of tank shell.9. wL shall not exceed 1. For unanchored tanks.5 wL2 = 1.10822 Ft 22. API 650] X1 = Height from bottom of tank shell to the centroid of lateral seismic force applied to W 1 seismic force applied to W 2 D/H . wL1 = 7.9 tb ( Fby G H )0. H X2 = Ratio ( X2 / H ) .60498 M 6.25 G H D Use wL = Min ( wL1 .951147 0. wL = max. Abdel Halim Galala. E-4] lb/Ft lb/Ft 5470.) [APPENDIX E.2 & Figure E-3] [Figure E-3] [Figure E-3] 1. or.

2.5 < M / [ D (wt + wL )] <= 1.5 for shell courses).DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS According to API 650 Code.361854 478. and reduce the height.57 2 2 5422. When 1.785 b = wt + 1. Shell Compression .3.1 and E. Unanchored Tanks [Para. Edition Sept. 2003 Designed by : Eng. Change the proportions of the tank to increase the dia. API 650] 9.4.57 0. to increase wL without exceeding the limitations of E.3498 PSI 6410.5. Abdel Halim Galala.637 M 1 − 2 D (w t + w L    ) 0 .684 PSI < Fa OK or when b / 12 t > Fa Value b / 12 t Value Fa In case b/12 t > Fa. For M / [ D2 (wt + wL )] > 1.9506 lb/Ft wt = weight of tank shell and the portion of the fixed roof supported by the shell (lb/Ft of shell circumference) = wt / 3. Design General Manager Project Job Name Service Capacity : Design & procurement of storage tanks : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities : Crude Oil Storage Tank : 5000 M3 Page : 25 of 34 REV.273 M / D2 II. When 0.3. It is necessary to take one of the following measures : a.a.1] Value of M / [ D2 (wt + wL)] where. t (see Item 9.698 lb/Ft 0. (cont. When M / [ D2 (wt + wL )] <= 0.) [APPENDIX E.361854 2892. tb.wL III. E. Value from Figure E-5 . d.14 D I.9.5 − wL 6415.2008 Location : Port Said Client : PETROBEL Item : TK-01A 9. : 0 Date : 26. b = max.361854 b may be computed from the value of (b + wL )/ (wt + wL ) obtained from Figure E-5.053 lb/Ft VI. Seismic Design. b. the tank is structurally unstable. . Increase the thickness of the bottom plate under the shell.361854 b= 1490 ( w t + w L ) . c.703 lb/Ft 0. E-5] 9. [Para. longitudinal compressive force at the bottom of the shell (lb/Ft of shell circumference) lb/Ft 731.4. Value obtained from Figure E-5 b = ( wt + wL ) . Increase the shell thickness.785 < M / [ D2 (wt + wL )] <= 1.  0.5 0. Anchor the tank in accordance with E.6.

671 PSI 15000 PSI OK 0.9 > 106 6410.6] When anchorage is provided. b / 12 t. excl. longitudinal compressive force at 2 the bottom of shell. specified yield strength of the bottom shell course 980331. then the calculated thickness of each upper shell course for hydrostatic pressure shall be increased in the same proportion. API 650] [Para.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS According to API 650 Code. 9.3.797 lb/Ft . t = thickness of the bottom shell course.5 . : 0 Date : 26.684 PSI 30000 PSI 9. Anchorage of Tanks [Para. anchorage resistance in lb/Ft of shell circumference : Min. the max. Fa = 10 t / 2. G H D2 / t2 2 2 6 6 .5. both excluding any corrosion allowance. Anchored Tanks [APPENDIX E. allowable longit. Fa = Max.5. (cont. it shall be designed to provide the following min.5 Fty where.When G H D / t >= 10 .5 D + 600 (G H ) However.b. b = wt + 1. Max. Upper Shell Course [Para.273 M / D 2892.6.2] For anchored tanks. Design General Manager Project Job Name Service Capacity : Design & procurement of storage tanks : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities : Crude Oil Storage Tank : 5000 M3 Page : 26 of 34 REV. E. E.When G H D / t < 10 . longitudinal compressive stress in the shell.4.wt 1428. Edition Sept. any corr. anchorage resistance = 1. E. Abdel Halim Galala. Fa shall not be greater than 0. Seismic Design. Allowable Shell Compression [Para.698 lb/Ft 9. allow. unless a special analysis is made to determine the seismic overturning moment and corresponding stresses at the bottom of each upper shell course. Fa = 10 t / D 2 2 6 6 0.3] The max. which take into account the effect of internal pressure due to the liquid contents.4] If the thickness of the lower shell course calculated to resist the seismic overturning moment is greater than the thickness required for hydrostatic pressure.503937 INCH 6410.273 M / D2 .2008 Location : Port Said Client : PETROBEL Item : TK-01A 9.684 PSI 6372. 2003 Designed by : Eng. Fa determined by the following formulas for Fa. shall not exceed the max.5 Fty 0.5.) 9. E.5.9. compressive stress in the shell Fty = Min. allowable stress.

) [APPENDIX E. : 0 0 Date : 26. Edition Sept.9. 2003 Designed by : Eng.2008 Location : Port Said Client : PETROBEL Item : TK-01A 9. Abdel Halim Galala. Seismic Design. Design General Manager Project Job Name Service Capacity : Design & procurement of storage tanks : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities : Crude Oil Storage Tank : 5000 M3 Page : 27 of 34 REV. (cont.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS According to API 650 Code. API 650] .

Mw2) lb 10311.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS According to API 650 Code.2. Overturning Moment due to Wind.lift for wind ) = 4 Mw / 3.H) As = Projected area of shell = Do H Xs = Height from bottom of tank shell to shell's center of gravity = (H1+H2)/2 + (H2+H3)/2 + x where x (see next page) Do = D + 2 t1 ( Up.080417 < 1 Not necessary of Anchor Bolts.14 D2 Total load. Edition Sept. Pw = 0. Anti-Overturning Moment.7835 M 113. 11. .2 lb-ft PSI INCH2 Ft INCH2 Ft 76089. W (operating: full liq. Fixed-Roof with Rafter & Column (cont. Wind Load. Xs Overturning moment.992 12. 11.3247 lb/ft -0.2 lb-ft 49326.7 50 23.621 M 4. D/2 10957504 lb-ft 1515925 Kg-M Ratio of Mw / Rw Since Mw < Rw 0. allow.994 12.53 Kg/M 157.992 M 168.5 lb-ft 549994.) Design pressure 11. Mw = Max. weight of floating roof & bottom Ratio of Up-lift load / Dead load Since Up-lift (128 Kg/M) < Dead load (2838 Kg/M) lb/ft 549994. P = Wind pressure Ar = Projected area over roof = 0.9.) 10.5049 Kg-M 2 Kg/M 2 M M 2 294. P = Wind Pressure Do = Tank diameter H = Tank Height Wt = Total Tank Weight (excluding corrosion allowance) Wt' = Tank Weight except Bottom Plate (excl.5 Do (Ht . Design General Manager Project Job Name Service Capacity : Design & procurement of storage tanks : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities : Crude Oil Storage Tank : 5000 M3 Page : 28 of 34 REV.0165 M 23.14 D where W = weight of tank exc.7 x P x Do x H Where.050193 < 1 Anchor Bolts are not required. Overturning Moment.2008 Location : Port Said Client : PETROBEL Item : TK-01A A. Rw = Wt' .2 Kg-M 76089. (Mw1 .3 (Ht . Mw1 = P (Ar Xr + As Xs) Where.672 Ton 2098.H) Xr = Height from bottom of tank shell to center of gravity of roof = H + 0.4 Kg-M 11. corr.28 151746 126369 Kg Kg/M2 M M Kg Kg atmospheric 356542. 2003 Designed by : Eng. p = 1+ wind) ( Dead Load ) = W / 3. Mw2 = Pw . Cylindrical Tank.962 Ton 0.757 Kg/M 116. Abdel Halim Galala.1.4 50 8. : 0 Date : 26. Anchor Bolt Strength. Mw.3.

W7 x + W8 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2 + (H7+H8)/2] .0165 M .x] + W5 [(H3+H4)/2 .W8 x x (W1 + W2 + W3) + W1 [(H1+H2)/2 + (H2+H3)/2] = W4 [(H3+H4)/2] + W5 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2] + W6 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2] + W7 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2] + W8 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2 + (H7+H8)/2] .W5 x + W6 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2] .9.x + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2] + W8 [(H3+H4)/2 .W6 x + W7 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2] . Cylindrical Tank. : 0 Date : 26. Edition Sept.W1 [(H1+H2)/2 + (H2+H3)/2] .DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS According to API 650 Code.054127 Ft -0.2008 Location : Port Said Client : PETROBEL Item : TK-01A A.W2 [(H2+H3)/2]] / (W1+W2+W3+W4+W5+W6+W7+W8) -0.x + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2 + (H7+H8)/2] W1 [(H1+H2)/2 + (H2+H3)/2] + W1 x + W2 [(H2+H3)/2] + W2 x + W3 x = W4 [(H3+H4)/2] .W4 x + W5 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2] . Fixed-Roof with Rafter & Column (cont.) To find tank shell's CG : Take Moment about CG : W1 [(H1+H2)/2 + (H2+H3)/2 + x] + W2 [(H2+H3)/2 + x] + W3 [x] = W4 [(H3+H4)/2 . Abdel Halim Galala.x + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2] + W7 [(H3+H4)/2 .x (W4 + W5 + W6 + W7 + W8) Figure (13) x (W1 + W2 + W3) + x (W4 + W5 + W6 + W7 + W8) + W1 [(H1+H2)/2 + (H2+H3)/2] + W2 [(H2+H3)/2] = W4 [(H3+H4)/2] + W5 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2] + W6 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2] + W7 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2] + W8 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2 + (H7+H8)/2] x =[W4 [(H3+H4)/2] + W5 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2] + W6 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2] + W7 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2] + W8 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2 + (H7+H8)/2] .x + (H4+H5)/2] + W6 [(H3+H4)/2 . 2003 Designed by : Eng. Design General Manager Project Job Name Service Capacity : Design & procurement of storage tanks : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities : Crude Oil Storage Tank : 5000 M3 Page : 29 of 34 REV.

11.5. of inspection hatches Actual spacing of inspection hatches 75 4 Ft Ft 22. Ft Calculated No.35 Kg/Bolt The anchor bolt is sufficient 12. fas 12 0.86 1. . Fixed-Roof Inspection Hatches. Fixed-Roof with Rafter & Column (cont.) 11. Anchor Bolt Load.45 Kg/Bolt The anchor bolt is sufficient -2934. n Size of anchor bolts (UNC) Anchor bolt sectional area. fs = (Ps . Rs = 0. A Allowable load (for 3/4" bolt) : .Min. Cylindrical Tank.36 MM CM2 Kg Kg 4299.01794 Ft < 75 Ft OK > 4 Ft OK 22. Ps = 0. Anchor Bolts Provided.5879 M .Rs)/n Since fs < fas -9845.Shearing.9. Number of anchor bolts.Wt' / n Since ft < fat Shearing load per each bolt.75 INCH 2. Tensile load per each bolt. spacing of inspection hatches per code .2008 Location : Port Said Client : PETROBEL Item : TK-01A A. : 0 Date : 26. Abdel Halim Galala.1312 M 11.Tensile. of inspection hatches = D .14(D-6)/75 Assume actual No. Design General Manager Project Job Name Service Capacity : Design & procurement of storage tanks : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities : Crude Oil Storage Tank : 5000 M3 Page : 30 of 34 REV. Edition Sept. 2003 Designed by : Eng.7 x P x D x H Frictional Resistance Force by wind.Max.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS According to API 650 Code. fat .3 Wt Ratio Ps / Rs Since Ps < Rs lb lb 10311. Sliding. of inspection hatches = 3. ft = (4 Mw / n D) .7 Kg 45523. Sliding force by wind.4.226512 < 1 Anchor bolts are not required.009 lb 2976.6. spacing of inspection hatches per code Circle dia.6.3] Inspection hatches shall be located on tank fixed roof to permit visual inspection of the seal region.65.041435 6 38.237 lb 1950 1350 11.60892 Ft 3. Appendix H. [API-650.9 Kg 0.2192 M M 72.

W8 Sub-Total (a) b.7632 9.89 lb 4.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS According to API 650 Code. n Total bottom Plate Weight.8539 15. Weight of Annular Bottom Plate d. W3 4th Course. R1 = D/2 . 2003 Designed by : Eng. W7 8th Course. h = Ht . p Sub-Total (b) 180760. Rw L1 = 2 R1 Sin (O/2) h1 = L1 / 2 R1 Tan (O/2) Total Bottom plate Area. : 0 Date : 26.9.3291 404. W5 6th Course.6902 19.2008 Location : Port Said Client : PETROBEL Item : TK-01A A.7216 Ton Ton Ton Ton Ton Ton Ton Ton Ton M M M M2 Ton 69933. Weight of Roof Plate = Roof area * t p Roof conical area = 3. ta .14 D t H p 2nd Course. Fixed-Roof with Rafter & Column (cont. Design General Manager Project Job Name Service Capacity : Design & procurement of storage tanks : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities : Crude Oil Storage Tank : 5000 M3 Page : 31 of 34 REV.92695 1.74975 M 01:30 .H = Cone height = Rafter Slope * Do/2 Rafter slope = 1/16 [see Figure (2)] 9593. Total Weight of Tank.5 lb 22.82917 11.5 L1 .15797 0 0 81. W = A.98 lb Figure (14) c. A = 0.765 M 0. Weight of Bottom Plate.14 * (D/2) * sq. Cylindrical Tank.096 31. a.35147 Ton 28. h1 . W4 5th Course.) 13. Abdel Halim Galala. W2 3rd Course. Edition Sept.366 1. W1 = 3.3708 Ton 2 451. Weight of Shell 1st Course. root ((D/2)2 + h2) 'where.336 lb 62546.Annular width.9917 11.5995 12. W6 7th Course.

) e. No. Cylindrical Tank. 24" NPS Weight of nozzle Weight of flange 13. : 0 Date : 26.3577 Ton 467. 40 g.46457 Ton 3. Weight of Column.2008 Location : Port Said Client : PETROBEL Item : TK-01A A. Weight of Top Wind Girder Circumferential length of 2 angles 6x4x3/8" (160x100x10mm) Weight of one meter of angle Total area of top wind girder.5. Sch. At least one manhole. Weight of Inspection Hatches. Weight of Intermediate Wind Girder Wind Girder ID Wind Girder OD i. Design General Manager Project Job Name Service Capacity : Design & procurement of storage tanks : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities : Crude Oil Storage Tank : 5000 M3 Page : 32 of 34 REV.5897 Kg 4. Fixed-Roof with Rafter & Column (cont. A Weight of top wind girder. Weight of Manholes. Pipe 20" NPS. Nih Weight of nozzle Weight of flange (or loose cover) m.6.564 Kg Ton 6 Ton 2 Total Tank Weight 189.22 M 28.02929 5 Ton M Kg M2 Ton Ton M M Ton Ton 6 5 3.14 D / 4000 Total brackets for two levels of cooling system + level for foam Bracket dimensions 400x850x100x8 Weight of one bracket l. W = A * P * t h. Weight of Manways (for fixed-roof tanks).41 60.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS According to API 650 Code. Appendix H.683 Ton . Weight of Rafters Total length of rafters (H beam 250x125x6/9) Weight of one meter of beam f.9. min 24" ID shall be provided for access to the tank interior. of manholes located at fixed roof. of inspection hatches. [API-650.1] No.32338 Ton 20 Support 84 Support 600x850x8 39.7712 3. 2003 Designed by : Eng.07263 150. Cleanout Doors & Nozzles j.545 20. Weight of Ladders & Platforms k. Edition Sept. of brackets per level = 3. Abdel Halim Galala. Weight of brackets (cooling system supports) No.

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