Live Tank Circuit Breakers

Buyer´s Guide

Contents

Table of Contents
Chapter-Page

Products

Introduction Explanations Puffer, Auto-PufferTM Design Features and Advantages: LTB Circuit Breaker Family HPL Circuit Breaker Family BLK Operating Mechanism BLG Operating Mechanism FSA1 Operating Mechanism MD Motor Drive Operating Mechanism

A-2 B-1 C-1 D-1 E-1 F-1 G-1 H-1 I-1

Technical Information

Technical Catalogues: LTB Circuit Breaker Family HPL Circuit Breaker Family BLK Operating Mechanism BLG Operating Mechanism FSA1 Operating Mechanism MD Motor Drive Operating Mechanism Optional for Special Applications: Composite Insulators Controlled Switching Monitoring Seismic Withstand Capability Quality Control and Testing Inquiry Data P-1 Q-1 R-1 S-1 T-1 U-1 J-1 K-1 L-1 M-1 N-1 O-1

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Edition 4, 2008-05

Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide

Introduction

Exceeding Customer Expectations — ABB Live Tank Circuit Breakers
ABB has over a century of experience in developing, testing and manufacturing high voltage circuit breakers. Through the years, our circuit breakers have acquired a reputation for high reliability and long life in all climates and in all parts of the world. ABB is currently introducing the future technology for high voltage circuit breakers. Our design work with constant improvements and simplifiProduct range Type

cation of our products have resulted in; 550 kV circuit breakers without grading capacitors; the Motor Drive with a servo motor system that accurately controls and monitors the contact operation and the LTB D circuit breakers with FSA1 that provide fast and simple installation at site. Our development program is strongly focused on providing added value for our customers
Maximum rated voltage (kV) Maximum rated current (A) 3150 4000 4000 4000 4000 4000 4000 Maximum rated breaking current (kA) 40 50 50 50 63 63 63

Circuit Breaker type LTB SF6 Auto-Puffer™ interrupter design Spring or Motor Drive operating mechanism(s) Circuit Breaker type HPL SF6 puffer interrupter design Spring operating mechanism(s) Controlled Switching Condition Monitoring

LTB D1/B LTB E1 LTB E2 LTB E4 HPL B1 HPL B2 HPL B4 Switchsync™ OLM2

170 245 550 800 300 550 800

Other data and/or special applications not covered in this Buyer’s Guide will be quoted on request. For information on Configurable Switchgear Solutions with LTB and HPL SF6 Circuit Breakers – (i.e. Withdrawable Circuit Breakers, Disconnecting Circuit Breakers and Line Entrance Modules), please see separate brochures. See specially Buyer’s and Application Guide, Compact air insulated HV switchgear solutions with Disconnecting Circuit Breaker. Catalogue publication 1HSM 9543 23-03en. Further information about controlled switching applications and Switchsync™ controllers is found in Controlled Switching, Buyer’s Guide/Application Guide. Catalogue publication 1HSM 9543 22-01en.

Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide

Edition 4, 2008-05

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expressed in kV rms. The rated Switching Impulse Withstand Level (SIWL) indicates the required withstand level phase-to-earth (phase-to-ground).Explanations Explanations General Standard/Customer specification There are international and national standards. The lightning impulse test is performed with a standardized wave shape 1. The value is expressed in kV as a peak value. Routine tests Routine tests are performed on each circuit breaker before delivery in accordance with applicable standards. IEC or ANSI (ANSI/IEEE) are the most common standards. It is also known as maximum system voltage. Two values are stated by IEC. Type tests Type tests are performed only once on one representative test object in accordance with applicable standards and are not repeated without extra charge. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Tests Rated insulation level Rated LIWL Rated SIWL . Quality Control and Testing. The switching impulse is required only for voltages ≥300 kV. A correction factor is introduced for higher altitudes. Alternatively a LIWL pulse with the sum of the two voltages (1665 kV) can be applied on one terminal. Rated voltage The rated voltage is the maximum voltage (phase-phase). between phases and across open contacts. Example 420 kV: 1425 (+240) kV. For voltages ≥300 kV two values are stated by IEC. Type tests (design tests) and routine tests (production tests) are required by standards. The combination of voltage values which characterizes the insulation of a circuit breaker with regard to its capability to withstand dielectric stresses. Please see special chapter page T-1. The Rated Power Frequency Withstand voltage indicates the required withstand voltage phase-to-earth (phase-to-ground). while the other is grounded. while the other is grounded.2/50 µs for simulation of lightning over-voltage. B-1 Edition 4. The rated Lightning Impulse Withstand Level (LIWL) indicates the required withstand level phase-to-earth (phase-to-ground). as well as customer specifications. as long as we are aware of them. Extended routine tests exceeding requirements by standards will be charged extra. The wave shape 250/2500 µs simulates switching over-voltage. of the system for which the equipment is intended. Rated Full Wave is often used in older ANSI/IEEE standards but means the same as LIWL. Example 420 kV: 900 (+345) kV. Rated Power Frequency Withstand Voltage This test is to show that the apparatus can withstand the power frequency over-voltages that can occur. a LIWL voltage on one of the main terminals and power frequency voltage on the other. The purpose of the type tests is to verify the ratings of the design. Alternatively a SIWL pulse with the sum of the two voltages (1245 kV) can be applied on one terminal. Routine test certificates are sent to the user with each delivery. BIL (Basic Insulating Level) is an old expression but means the same as LIWL. In case of doubt. a SIWL voltage on one of the main terminals and power frequency voltage on the other. For voltages ≥300 kV the power-frequency voltage test is partly replaced by the switching impulse test. ABB can meet most requirements. please enclose a copy of specification with the enquiry. The value is expressed in kV rms. The purpose of the routine tests is to verify the assembly and the function on every individual circuit breaker. between phases and across open contacts. The rated value given is valid for altitudes ≤1000 m above sea level. The value is expressed in kV as a peak value. between phases and across open contacts. The definition “Across isolating distance” is only applicable for disconnectors and disconnecting circuit breakers.

The rated normal current is based on a maximum ambient temperature of +40 °C. The peak value is related to the rms value of the rated short-circuit breaking current. indicates the required withstand level phase-to-earth (phase-to-ground) and Impulse Withstand voltage Phase-to-earth across open contacts. which the circuit breaker is designed to operate in. Two values are related to the rated short-circuit current: .the percentage DC component (depending on the minimum opening time of the circuit breaker and the time constant τ) Rated short-circuit making current The rated short-circuit making current is the maximum peak current the circuit breaker shall be able to close and latch against.2. The rated short-time withstand current is equal to the rated short-circuit breaking current.6 x rated short-time withstand current at 60 Hz at τ = 45 ms .5 x rated short-time withstand current at 50 Hz at τ = 45 ms .7 x rated short-time withstand current at 50/60 Hz at τ > 45 ms Rated short-circuit breaking current Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. 2008-05 B-2 . not applicable for IEC. such as 16 2/3 Hz and 25 Hz might be applicable for some railway applications. This is also referred to in ANSI/IEEE as closing and latching capability. Standard values for duration are 1 or 3 s. The current is expressed in A rms.6 x rated short-time withstand current at 60 Hz at τ = 45 ms . The peak value is related to the rms value.7 x rated short-time withstand current at 50/60 Hz at τ > 45 ms The rated short-circuit (breaking) current is the maximum symmetrical shortcircuit current in kA rms. Specified values are: . Rated short-circuit making current is equal to Rated peak withstand current. Other frequencies. frequency and time constant (τ). frequency and time constant (τ). Rated short-time withstand current The rated short-time withstand current is the maximum current (expressed in kA rms) which the equipment shall be able to carry in closed position for a specified time duration. nominal current or rated continuous current) is the maximum continuous current the equipment is allowed to carry.2. and Across open gap The chopped wave impulse is only referred to in ANSI/IEEE standards and hence.Explanations General Rated Chopped Wave The rated chopped wave impulse withstand level at 2 µs and 3 µs respectively.2. Rated frequency The rated (power) frequency is the nominal frequency of the system expressed in Hz.2. which a circuit breaker shall be capable of breaking. Rated normal current The rated normal current (sometimes referred to as rated current. At higher temperatures derating of the normal current might be necessary.2. Rated peak withstand current The peak withstand current is the peak value of the first major loop (expressed in kA) during a short-time withstand current that the equipment shall be able to carry. Standard frequencies are 50 Hz and 60 Hz.the rms value of the AC component .2. Specified values are: .5 x rated short-time withstand current at 50 Hz at τ = 45 ms .

The first-pole-to-clear-factor is used for calculating the transient recovery voltage for threephase faults. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . In general the following cases apply: . networks tend to have effectively earthed neutral.5 for systems with non-effectively earthed neutral The applied voltage before making is not affected by the earthing of the system.kpp = 1. A special case is when there is a three-phase fault without involving earth.2. networks usually have non-effectively earthed neutral (isolated or resonant earthed).0.25) Example: At 245 kV with kpp = 2. B-3 Edition 4.4 at 100% short-circuit current) Example: At 145 kV with kpp = 1.0 for systems with effectively earthed neutral .2. Rated Transient Recovery Voltage The rated transient recovery voltage (TRV) is the peak transient voltage (expressed in kV) that corresponds to the first-pole-to-clear when interrupting a three-phase fault at rated short-circuit current. . two-phase railway systems.5. . The rated transient recovery voltage (uc) is calculated as follows (based on IEC): Where: Ur = Rated voltage (kV) kpp = first-pole-to-clear-factor kaf = Amplitude factor (According to IEC: 1.0 times the single-phase voltage.5 corresponds to three-phase faults in isolated systems or resonant earthed systems. the out-of-phase transient recovery voltage will be 500 kV Standardized values for the out-of-phase voltage factors are: .g. The maximum applied voltage during out-of-phase conditions is always 2. The type of earthing is an important parameter for defining the transient recovery voltage. For higher rated voltages.5 the rated transient recovery voltage will be 249 kV Rated out-of-phase making and breaking current Out-of-phase The rated out-of-phase breaking current is the maximum out-of-phase breaking current the circuit breaker shall be capable of breaking.kpp = 1.kpp = 1. e. The standard value of the rated out-of-phase breaking current is 25% of the rated short-circuit breaking current.0 corresponds to special cases. For lower rated voltages. The power frequency recovery voltage (rms) for out-of-phase conditions can be calculated as: The corresponding transient recovery voltage (uc) can be calculated as: Where: Ur = Rated voltage (kV) kpp = first-pole-to-clear-factor (out-of-phase) or out-of-phase voltage factor kaf = Amplitude factor (According to IEC: 1. This case corresponds to kpp = 1. This case is covered by the ANSI/IEEE standards.3 corresponds to three-phase faults in systems with an effectively earthed neutral. First-pole-to-clearfactor The first-pole-to-clear-factor (kpp) is depending on the earthing of the network.Explanations Explanations System and Switching Conditions Earthing of the network The earthing of the network may vary with region and rated voltage.

the highest value should be referred to.0 (capacitor bank with earthed neutral in systems with solidly earthed neutral) . the surge impedance has been standardized to a value of 450 Ω.earthed neutral .non-effectively earthed neutral (isolated or resonant earthed) Standard values for capacitive voltage factors for normal service conditions are as follows: No-load line switching: .2 (kV/µs)/kA for 50 Hz 0.1.4 (capacitor bank with isolated neutral) When different capacitive voltage factors apply from different applications.1. type of conductors.2 due to earthed neutral system. In standards (IEC and ANSI/IEEE). traveling waves will generate a very steep first part of the transient recovery voltage. The Rate of Rise of Recovery Voltage. RRRV is depending on the short-circuit current and the surge impedance. The factor is depending on the following: Application . Other characteristics for the short-line fault are the peak factor and the RRRV factor.g.2 (effectively earthed neutral) .1.Explanations System and Switching Conditions Rated surge impedance and other short-line fault characteristics When a short-circuit occurs on an overhead line not far from a circuit breaker. The surge impedance may vary depending on e. The peak recovery voltage is: Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. 2008-05 B-4 .no-load cable switching .6 RRRV factor: 0.1.1.1. These have been standardized to the following values: Peak factor: 1.capacitor bank switching Earthing of the network .no-load line switching .4 (non-effectively earthed neutral) No-load cable switching: .4 (in systems with non-effectively earthed neutral) Capacitor bank switching: .24 (kV/µs)/kA for 60 Hz Capacitive voltage factor The capacitive voltage factor is used for defining the single-phase recovery voltage for different capacitive switching applications.2 (belted cables in systems with effectively earthed neutral) . The voltage factor can be used to calculate the single-phase recovery voltage peak: Where: Ur = Rated voltage kc = capacitive voltage factor Example: What is the peak recovery voltage for a 245 kV breaker when switching a no-load line with earthed neutral? The voltage factor is 1.1.0 (screened cables in systems with solidly earthed neutral) .

There is a relationship between the time constant and the X/R-ratio. current limiting inductance etc. Time constant The time constant of the system is equal to the ratio between inductance and resistance in the network (L/R) and is expressed in ms. Rated capacitive inrush current and inrush frequency The rated capacitive inrush current (peak value) is only applicable for circuit breakers intended for switching of (mainly back-to-back) capacitor banks.Explanations Explanations System and Switching Conditions Capacitive switching class There are two different capacitive switching classes: Class C1: Circuit breaker with low probability of restrike during capacitive switching. Standard value is 45 ms. The time constant will affect the required DC component. If a required X/R-ratio has been given. where f is the rated frequency. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .25 kHz. Class C2: Circuit breaker with very low probability of restrike during capacitive switching. Standardized value of inrush current is 20 kA (peak value) and with an inrush current frequency of 4. Values may vary due to different configurations of capacitor banks. The inrush current is characterized by a very high inrush current and inrush frequency. Example: X/R = 14 corresponds to a time constant of 45 ms at 50 Hz X/R = 17 corresponds to a time constant of 45 ms at 60 Hz B-5 Edition 4. A circuit breaker intended for Class C2 can of course also be used for Class C1. the time constant in ms can easily be calculated by dividing the X/R-ratio with (2 x π x f).

Phase voltage mm/kV (16) (20) (25) (31) If applicable. As a reference the old values are also given below.Ground voltage mm/kV a .phase voltage as in the old versions of the standard.mm (total creepage distance) . Important standard values are -30 °C and -40 °C The minimum ambient temperature affects the choice of gas pressure and/or gas mixture.1 mm of ice coating . c. Creepage distance NOTE! Creepage distance voltage used to be phase to phase voltage.Light c . outdoor switchgear may be assigned to withstand a specified ice coating. d. Maximum ambient temperature The maximum ambient (air) temperature specifies the highest temperature at which the circuit breaker shall be able to operate. b. 2008-05 B-6 . III and IV was replaced with the five levels a. The pollution levels are described in IEC 60815. Pollution level Environmental conditions.20 mm of ice coating Wind load The specified wind loads for circuit breakers intended for outdoor normal conditions are based on a wind speed of 34 m/s.Very light b . The required creepage distance is specified by the user in: . To avoid confusion check which voltage reference that is used.mm/kV (creepage distance in relation to the phase to ground voltage). The maximum ambient temperature can affect the continuous current carrying capability. at specified ratings.Medium d . Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. Standard value is +40 °C. II.s. Pollution level Creepage distance Phase . (IEC 62271-1) The creepage distance is defined as the shortest distance along the surface of an insulator between two conductive parts.l.) >1000 m the external dielectric strength is reduced due to lower density of air.Very Heavy Ice class 22 28 35 44 55 Creepage distance (Old) Phase . Altitude If height above sea level (a. at specified ratings.ground voltage shall be used for description of creepage distances instead of phase . are sometimes categorized in pollution levels. (IEC). Three classes exist in IEC: . and e. with respect to pollution.10 mm of ice coating .Heavy e . Correction factor according to standard has to be used for external insulation. Since 2008 IEC 60815 states that the phase .Explanations Ambient Conditions Minimum ambient temperature The minimum ambient (air) temperature specifies the lowest temperature at which the circuit breaker shall be able to operate. During 2008 the former levels I. There is a relation between each pollution level and a corresponding minimum nominal specific creepage distance.

t . Terminal load The conductors connected to the circuit breaker terminals.e.000 operations). Rated operating sequence The rated operating sequence (also known as standard operating duty or standard duty cycle) is the specified operating sequence. Pre-Insertion Resistors Pre-insertion resistors (closing resistors) are used to limit over-voltages in the network during switching operations. which the circuit breaker shall be able to perform at specified ratings. This makes singlephase as well as three-phase auto-reclosing possible. air-blast circuit breakers. Class M2: Frequently operated circuit-breaker for special service requirements (10. For three-pole operation. The resistor blocks will close the circuit approximately 8-12 ms before the arcing contacts. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . Opening resistors are mainly used on older types of circuit breakers. each individual pole of the circuit breaker is operated by its own operating mechanism. There are two main alternatives: a) O .) Trip-free circuit breaker A circuit breaker which can perform a complete opening operation.000 operations). The rated static terminal loads of the equipment are normally verified by load calculations. cause the resultant static terminal loads. it may be necessary that the contacts momentarily reach the closed position. (ganged operation) all three poles are operated by a common operating mechanism. The three poles are mechanically linked together for three-phase auto-reclosing. NOTE! To ensure proper breaking of the current that may be established. i.Explanations Explanations Design Single. Pre-insertion resistors are mainly used at higher system voltages (≥362 kV). (Two-pole operation applies only for special applications.t’’ .t’ .or three-pole operation For single-pole operation (1-pole operation).CO . e. Fixed trip A circuit breaker that cannot be released except when it is in the closed position.3 s for circuit breakers intended for rapid auto-reclosing t = 3 min for circuit breakers not intended for rapid auto-reclosing t’ = 3 min b) CO . Standard values for static terminal loads are given by the standards. which are used for reducing (damping) the TRV during opening. B-7 Edition 4. even if the trip command is activated during a closing operation and with the closing command maintained.CO Where: t = 0. Pre-insertion resistors should not be mixed up with opening resistors.CO Where: t’’ = 15 s for circuit breakers not intended for rapid auto-reclosing Mechanical endurance There are two different mechanical endurance classes: class Class M1: Circuit breaker with normal mechanical endurance (2. as well as ice and wind loads. railway systems. A circuit breaker intended for Class M2 can of course also be used for Class M1. The pre-insertion resistors are only used (PIR) during closing and consist of resistor blocks that are connected in parallel with the breaking chamber.g.

i etc. Minimum pressure (Lock out. bar. The minimum pressure is the pressure at which the circuit breaker becomes interlocked for further operation and when replenishment is necessary. Maximum pressure The maximum pressure is given at the reference temperature of +20 °C and may be expressed in relative or absolute terms.s. Parallel capacitor Parallel capacitors are used to increase the short-circuit capability of circuit breakers.Cgr is the capacitance of each grading capacitor. The additional capacitance increases the time delay for the initial transient recovery voltage and has therefore an impact mainly on the short-line fault performance. . such as MPa. The rated filling pressure is the pressure to which the circuit breaker is filled before being put into service.Explanations Design Pressure Gas pressures can be expressed in several units. are performed at this pressure. except mechanical endurance test.n is the number of making/breaking units connected in series. P. 2008-05 B-8 . Grading capacitors Grading capacitors are sometimes used on circuit breakers of multi-break design (two or more identical making/breaking units connected in series) to obtain uniform distribution of the voltage stresses across the open gaps. The total capacitance across one open gap is calculated as follows: Ctot = Cgr/n Where: . Alarm pressure The alarm pressure is given at the reference temperature of +20 °C and may be expressed in relative or absolute terms. 1 MPa = 106 Pa = 10 bar = 145 P.i Rated filling pressure The rated filling pressure is given at the reference temperature of +20 °C and may be expressed in relative or absolute terms. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. The maximum pressure is the pressure at which the circuit breaker is carrying its normal current at maximum ambient temperature. All type tests. interlocking or blocking pressure) The minimum pressure is given at the reference temperature of +20 °C and may be expressed in relative or absolute terms. NOTE: Line-to-ground capacitors have a similar effect as parallel capacitors but are mainly used on dead tank circuit breakers.s. The grading capacitor is connected in parallel with each and every making/ breaking unit and has a standard value of 1600 pF/capacitor. The alarm pressure is the pressure at which a monitoring (alarm) signal indicates that replenishment is necessary in a relatively short time.

The make-break time is based on an operation where the opening release (e. The open-close time (during auto-reclosing) is the interval of time between the instant of contact separation in all poles and the instant when the contacts touch in the first pole in the subsequent closing operation. opening coil) shall have been energized at the instant when the contacts touch during closing (COoperation without any intentional time delay a. pre-tripped CO-operation). The rated (maximum) break time (interrupting time) is the time interval between energizing the trip circuit and when the arc is extinguished in all poles. IEC and ANSI/IEEE specify a dead time of 300 ms. the following approximative formula can be applied: Open-Close time = Arcing time + Dead time + Pre-arcing time Interval of time between energizing the closing circuit.g. closing coil) for a circuit breaker being in open position and the instant when the (arcing) contacts touch in all poles.g. In IEC. The opening release (e.g.g. the following approximative formula can be applied: Reclosing time = Opening time + Arcing time + Dead time + Pre-arcing time The close-open time is the interval of time between the instant of contact touch in the first pole during a closing operation and the instant when the (arcing) contacts have separated in all poles during the following opening operation. the circuit breaker being in the open position.g.a pre-tripped CO-operation). If the differences in operating times (closing and opening time respectively) between poles are small and can be neglected. The break time is expressed in ms or cycles (20 ms = 1 cycle at 50 Hz). NOTE: The close-open time is not equal to Closing time + Opening time. opening coil) for a circuit breaker being in closed position and the instant when the (arcing) contacts have separated in all poles. opening coil) shall have been energized at the instant when the contacts touch during closing (CO-operation without any intentional time delay. The make-break time is the interval of time between the initiation of current flow in the first pole during a closing operation an the end of the arcing time during the subsequent opening operation. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . the break-time is based on the results of the terminal fault test duties with symmetrical current. Interval of time between the instant of the first initiation of an arc and the instant of final arc extinction in all poles. If the differences in operating times (closing and opening time respectively) between poles are small and can be neglected.Explanations Explanations Time Quantities Opening time The opening time is the interval of time from energizing of the opening release (e. and the instant when the current begins to flow in the first pole. Interval of time between the initiation of current flow in the first pole during a closing operation and the instant when the contacts touch in all poles for three-phase conditions and the instant when the contacts touch in the arcing pole for single-phase conditions. The closing time is the interval of time from energizing of the closing release (e. Compensation is made for single-phase testing and for reduced control voltages. The reclosing time is the interval of time between the energizing of the opening release (e. The dead time (during auto-reclosing) is the interval of time between final arc extinction in all poles in the opening operation and the first re-establishment of current in any pole in the subsequent closing operation. opening coil) and the instant when the contacts touch in all poles during a reclosing cycle.k. the following approximative formula can be applied: Make-break time = Pre-arcing time + Close-open time + Arcing time Closing time Rated break time Dead time Arcing time Pre-arcing time Reclosing time Close-Open time Open-Close time Make time Make-Break time B-9 Edition 4. If the differences in operating times (closing and opening time respectively) between poles are small and can be neglected.

Explanations Time definitions according to IEC Closed position Contact movement Open position Current flow Opening time Arcing time Break time Final arc extinction in all poles Separation arcing contacts in all poles Energizing of opening release Separation arcing contacts in first pole Opening operation Time Closed position Contact movement Open position Current flow Make time Closing operation Pre-arcing time Time Closing time Contact touch in all poles Start of current flow in first pole Energizing of closing circuit Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. 2008-05 B-10 .

Common rated motor voltages: 110. Normal values: 110 .127 V AC 220 . For operating mechanism BLG only mechanical type. for FSA operating mechanism) The limit switch is monitoring the closing spring charging status. 60 or 48 V DC) The operating mechanism.Explanations Explanations Operation and Control Operating Mechanism . Socket outlet and Lighting etc. 220 and 240 V DC 115. 127. The following required voltage range is required according to IEC: Minimum voltage for motor circuit: 85% of rated voltage Maximum voltage for motor circuit: 110% of rated voltage Closing spring charge motor Motor contactor Limit switch The closing spring charging motor charges the closing spring after every closing operation. 120. when used. 230 and 240 V AC The motor and the motor circuit are designed for a rated voltage but must additionally have operational capability throughout a specific voltage range to accommodate variations in supply voltage. Normal total quantities: 12 NO + 12 NC. (7 NO + 7 NC free for customer use) Impulse contact Wiping contact A contact that gives an short impulse during contact movement. At least one contact is used in each control circuit (trip / close) to control the coil supply. (15 NO + 15 NC free for customer use) FSA is limited to 10 NO + 10 NC. Contacts not used in control circuits. including the control circuit. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . is designed for a rated control voltage but must additionally have operational capability throughout a specific voltage range to accommodate variations in supply voltage.254 V AC Motor voltage is a DC supply or an AC single-phase (phase – neutral) supply for the spring charging motor.A.Control Cubicle Control voltage Control voltage is a DC supply used for the control circuits such as: Close circuit and trip circuits etc. The following required voltage ranges are required according to IEC: Minimum voltage (auxiliary equipment): 85% of rated voltage Maximum voltage (auxiliary equipment): 110% of rated voltage Minimum voltage (close circuit): 85% of rated voltage Maximum voltage (close circuit): 110% of rated voltage Minimum voltage (trip circuit): 70% of rated voltage Maximum voltage (trip circuit): 110% of rated voltage Heating voltage / AC Auxiliary voltage AC Auxiliary voltage is an AC single-phase (phase – neutral) supply used for Heaters. Motor voltage Auxiliary contacts B-11 Edition 4. (N. 220 or 240 V DC (Less common rated control voltages: 250. are normally connected to terminals for customer use. Common rated control voltages: 110. Motor contactor is controlled by the limit switch and starts / stops the closing spring charging motor. 125. Auxiliary contacts are contacts that show the circuit breaker position. For operating mechanism BLK and FSA it can be of inductive or mechanical type. (9 NO + 9 NC free for customer use) 18 NO + 18 NC. 125.

In addition to that. Counter Anti-pumping relay MCB – Miniature Circuit Breaker The counter is a non-resettable electro-mechanical counter that counts every close operation. Additional close coils can be supplied as option. The over-current is either thermal (type K) or peak value (type B). one contact indicating the alarm pressure and two contacts controlling the gas-supervision interlocking relays at the blocking level. normally 200 W.Hand position. The MCB is normally used for AC auxiliary circuit (and motor circuit for operating mechanism type BLK) Direct On Line Motor Starter is a motor protection and manual control unit.A.Control Cubicle NC-contact NC-contact (normally closed contact) is a closed contact when device is not energized or in the drawn situation. Hand / Motor switch The hand / motor switch disconnects the motor circuit during hand cranking.Motor position. ambient temperature compensated. The density switch is a device that measures the gas pressure. As an alternative a Local / Remote switch without disconnecting possibility can be provided. for FSA operating mechanism) Heaters Thermostat Humidity controller Density switch Every operating mechanism has a continuous connected anti-condensation heater of 70 W. It also has a disconnected position where operation is not possible. Also the second trip coil can be of the double type and additional trip circuit can be used. Could also be called: Break contact or b-contact. a humidity controller (a moisture detector controller). that shows MCB position. The hand / motor switch. This unit trips the motor supply when motor overload occurs or when the Direct On Line Motor Starter is manually operated. has the following functions: . The local / remote / disconnected selector switch is used to switch between remote operating and local operating (via the open / close switch). or as an option. according to circuit diagram. (N. Close and trip coils in operating mechanisms BLK and BLG have relatively low power consumption. The density switch includes normally: a scale display. 1NO + 1NC auxiliary contacts. However a protection trip by-pass can be supplied that makes it possible to trip the circuit breaker remotely even in disconnected position. The MCB (Miniature Circuit Breaker) is a small automatic breaker that can be manually controlled or automatically tripped due to over-current. Trip / Close switch Local / Remote / Disconnected selector switch The trip / close switch is used for control operations. depending on ambient temperature or humidity. either manual or automatic. connects the motor-to-motor supply. inside the circuit breaker. 2008-05 B-12 . when the local / remote (/ disconnected) switch is in local position. These are controlled by a thermostat. One close and two trip coils are supplied as standard. . NO-contact Direct On Line Motor Starter Operating coils Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. short-circuit the motor to be used as a generator brake. NOC-contact (normally open-closed contact) is a closed contact that opens and an open contact that closes with a common backside when changing position. can be included. This could also be an MCB (thermal controlled type). Could also be called: Change-over contact. (FSA has a mechanical counter) The anti-pumping relay is a device that makes sure that there can be only one closing operation for each closing order. due to a very good latch design. NO-contact (normally open contact) is an open contact in the same situation. one or more controlled heaters are fitted.Explanations Operation and Control Operating mechanism . Could also be called: Make contact or a-contact.

A resistor in parallel with this contact.6 kΩ 48 V dc. Normal designs are: Schucko – Commonly used in Northern Europe (CEE 7/7) Round 2-pole socket with earth-bars on side. Resistor values for SPER. with Round 2-pole plug with inverted earth-pole.supervision interlocking relays at the same time blocking occurs. The panel lamp is automatically switched on when the panel door is opened. Panel light can as an option be fitted on the control panel. An example of TCS device is SPER from ABB ATCF. 2.Explanations Explanations Operation and Control – ABB Options Gas supervision Fail-safe Normally a switch with contacts closing at low gas-pressure is used. Hubbel – American standard. Another option is trip at low SF6-pressure. by-passing the Local / Remote selector switch.2 kΩ Protective trip The protective trip in the trip circuits is a direct line. To be able to monitor the trip circuits when the circuit breaker is in open position (when the auxiliary contact in the trip circuit is open). There are two normal ways to do this: 1. Crabtree – British standard. Note! Used only when protective tripping should override the selector switch. 22 kΩ 60 V dc. 5. so the gas supervision interlocking relays are energized until the blocking occurs. above: 220 V dc. are carried out at this blocking pressure. Position indicating lamps As an option we can supply green/red-indicating LED-lamps connected to the auxiliary switch for circuit breaker position indication inside the cubicle. This option gives a trip order via the gas. The TCS is a device that can be fitted in parallel with the protection trip relay(s) and sends a low (< 50 mA) testing current through the trip circuit(s). according to 1. This requires either 2 outputs from the TCS-device or two parallel TCS-devices. All type tests. Socket outlet can be fitted inside the cubicle. except the mechanical tests. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . with resistance value given by the supplier of the TCS device. 33 kΩ 110 V dc. CEE 7/4 – French/Belgium std. A NC-contact of the auxiliary contact in parallel with the original NOcontact. A fail-safe option can be supplied where contacts are opening at low gaspressure. there is a parallel wiring to this contact. GPO – Australia TCS – Trip Circuit Supervision TCS – Trip Circuit Supervision is mainly used to check the connection between the protection trip relay (control room) and the operating mechanism and secondly the trip coil(s) inside the operating mechanism(s). 1. Trip at low SF6 Panel light Socket outlet B-13 Edition 4.

with a bracket suitable for installing the following brands: Castell. It is used to automatically trip the circuit breaker at loss of. (N. normally 15 s. (Only inside for FSA) Note! Mechanical trip overrides SF6-blocking An interlocking device. a trip order and alarm signal is normally initiated. Phase discrepancy Phase discrepancy (Pole discordance) is a device that could be used on single pole operated circuit breakers. An electrical error prevents spring charging. or low operating voltage. 3. for FSA operating mechanism) 0-voltage trip coil The BLK operating mechanism can be equipped with 0-voltage Trip coil.3-HESI – Fuses (Links) Note! The trip circuits should preferably not include fuses. When the poles are in different positions a time delay starts. for FSA operating mechanism) Fuses can be fitted in every circuit on request.A. Voltage supervision The circuits can be equipped with voltage supervision relay(s).Explanations Operation and Control – ABB Options Key-interlock Provision for key-interlock is mechanical (and electrical) interlocking device. for FSA operating mechanism) Manual mechanical trip push-button can on request be fitted on the inside or the outside of the operating mechanism. (N. (N. that requires a resetting after each manual tripping before closing of the circuit breaker can be done.A. Trip circuits can be equipped with capacitor tripping devices. The capacitor tripping device is always used together with a voltage supervision relay (adjustable setting for voltage and hysteresis) that controls the tripping voltage level (one capacitor device / trip coil is required). 5. that uses auxiliary contacts to indicate that all phases are in the same position. The direct on line motor starter is tripped due to over-current. The direct on line motor starter is tripped manually. The heating circuit can be equipped with a current supervision relay (with adjustable setting for current and hysteresis) or an indicating lamp in series with the continuously connected heater. manual trip pushbutton 69-device Spring charge supervision Heater supervision Capacitor tripping Fuses Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. The relay can be an auxiliary relay or with a time delay relay depending on alarm delaying possibility in the bay control unit. or at low operating voltage. for FSA operating mechanism) As an option a relay can be fitted to give an alarm when one or more of the errors / events below occurs: 1. A mechanical error prevents spring charging. according to device No. Kirk and Fortress. 2. The alarm delay must be at least as long as the spring charging time. which interlocks the closing function. Normal types: MCB – Miniature Circuit Breaker Red spot – Fuses (Links) UK 10. and after a pre-set time. 69 in the ANSI standard.A. Emergency trip. Used to automatically trip the circuit breaker at loss of.A. The 0-voltage Trip coil is always used together with a voltage supervision relay (adjustable setting for voltage and hysteresis) that controls the tripping voltage level. 2008-05 B-14 . This could be a zero-voltage relay (a standard auxiliary relay -not adjustable) or voltage supervision relays (with adjustable setting for voltage and hysteresis). (N. Loss of motor voltage. 4.

IEEE. and may be deduced from response spectra. the acceleration and amplitude of the motion of the ground will vary in a statistical manner. In this test a force is applied on the top of the circuit breaker pole.2. The mechanical stress will normally be most severe at the lower end of the support column. and the maximum mechanical stress on the circuit breaker significantly reduced.g. where the predominant one is typically a few Hz. where a complete circuit breaker. When the force is suddenly released the pole will oscillate and the eigenfrequencies and the damping can be measured. The most reliable calculations are based on a snap-back test. In this way the amplification of earthquake stresses due to resonance is significantly decreased. The circuit breaker will have one or more natural oscillation frequencies. etc) has a strong influence on the actual local severity of an earthquake and the damage it may inflict. Resulting stress on circuit breakers When a HV circuit breaker is subjected to an earthquake.3. the actual stress on the breaker may be is amplified due to mechanical resonance. and where circuit breakers should be designed to withstand the corresponding stresses. the motion of the ground will induce oscillations in the circuit breaker with corresponding mechanical stress. and 5 m/s2. The stress conditions are normally most severe in the horizontal direction. 0. by IEC.25 g and 0. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . clay. The degree of amplification depends on the eigenfrequency (natural oscillation frequency) and damping of the circuit breaker. which is more relevant (more severe) has corresponding standardized values. published e.5 g. Earthquake dampers An earthquake damper will increase the damping of the natural oscillation of the circuit breaker. 3. Verification of seismic capability B-15 Edition 4. IEC has standardized three values of maximum horizontal acceleration 2. corresponding to 0. When an earthquake occurs. or pole.Explanations Seismic Conditions Seismic stress There are many zones in the world where earthquakes may occur. Alternatively. 0.5 g respectively for moderate and heavy seismic action. Since the frequency of typical earthquake oscillations is also of the order of a few Hz. eigenfrequencies. the mechanical stresses can be determined by calculations. rock. and 0. The seismic capability of a circuit breaker may be verified by a direct test. The type of soil (sand. For technical purposes earthquake stresses are normally defined by the maximum value of the horizontal acceleration. is subjected to simulated earthquake stress on a shaker table.

Explanations Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. 2008-05 B-16 .

Puffer cylinder | 10. there is sufficient distance between the stationary and moving contacts to withstand rated dielectric levels. as well as the puffer cylinder and nozzle. Moving main contact | 9. Thus. it to some degree blocks the flow of SF6 gas through the nozzle. The first contacts to part are the main contacts. are pulled toward the open position. Stationary piston In its normal position. As the arc flows. It is important to note that the moving contacts. nozzle and puffer cylinder form one moving assembly. Moving arcing contact | 4. the circuit breaker contacts are closed and current is conducted from the upper current carrier to the lower current carrier via the main contacts and the puffer cylinder. circuit breakers using puffer interrupters require operating mechanisms with sufficient energy to overcome the pressure build up in the puffer volume required to interrupt rated short circuit current while at the same time maintaining the contact speed required to withstand recovery voltage. Stationary main contact | 8. Lower current carrier | 6. On opening.Puffer Products Design Features Puffer Interrupters Closed position Contact Parting Main Arcing Arc Extinction Open position Closing 1 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 10 11 5 1. Refill valve | 11. Upper current carrier | 2. the moving part of the main and arcing contacts. the gas pressure in the puffer volume continues to increase. When the arcing contacts part. Stationary arcing contact | 3. C-1 Edition 4. the refill valve opens so that SF6 gas can be drawn into the puffer volume. When the current waveform crosses zero. Note that the SF6 gas pressure required for interruption is built up by mechanical means. the arc becomes relatively weak. On closing. Puffer volume | 5. Parting the main contacts well before the arcing contacts ensures that any arc drawn will be between the arcing contacts and contained by the nozzle. As the moving assembly is drawn toward the open position. an arc is drawn between the moving and stationary arcing contacts. the refill valve is forced closed and SF6 gas begins to be compressed between the moving puffer cylinder and the stationary piston. Nozzle | 7. Thus. In the open position. the pressurized SF6 gas flows from the puffer volume through the nozzle extinguishing the arc. At this point. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .

All SF6 gas required for interruption is now trapped in the fixed AutoPuffer™ volume and any further increase in gas pressure in that volume is due solely to heating from the arc. Puffer volume | 6. Edition 4. Stationary main contact | 10. Puffer cylinder | 13. Stationary piston | 8. the operation of an AutoPuffer™ interrupter at high current begins the same way as a puffer interrupter. it to some degree blocks the flow of SF6 gas through the nozzle. the gas pressure in the puffer volume reaches a level sufficient to push the overpressure relief valve open. At closing. Auto-puffer™ valve | 12. As the arc flows. Since the gas in the puffer volume escapes through the overpressure valve. The arc drawn is extremely hot and radiates a lot of heat and begins to heat the SF6 gas in the interrupting gas volume. Auto-Puffer™ volume | 5. the refill valve opens so that gas can be drawn into the puffer and AutoPuffer™ volumes. the pressure inside the Auto-Puffer™ and puffer volumes increases due to the rise in temperature as well as due to the compression of gas between the puffer cylinder and stationary piston. Refill valve | 7. Over-pressure relief valve | 14. At this point. an arc is drawn between the moving and stationary arcing contacts. the pressurized SF6 gas flows from the AutoPuffer™ volume through the nozzle extinguishing the arc. At opening. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide C-2 . At about the same time. Auto-Puffer™ interrupters show the advantage they were designed to provide. rated short-circuit current). Moving main contact | 11. When the arcing contacts part. Gas pressure inside the Auto-Puffer™ volume continues to increase until it is high enough to force the Auto-Puffer™ valve to the closed position. It is not until after arcing begins that a difference in the operation principle is seen between the high and low current interrupting cases. there is no need for a high operating energy to overcome the compression of SF6 gas while at the same time maintaining the contact speed necessary to withstand recovery voltage. Upper current carrier | 2. Thus. Nozzle | 9. Moving arcing contact | 4. When the current waveform crosses zero. the arc becomes relatively weak.g. Lower current carrier When interrupting high currents (e. Stationary arcing contact | 3.Products Auto-Puffer Design Features Auto-PufferTM Interrupters Closed position Main Contact Parting Arcing Arc Extinction Open position Closing 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 6 7 13 1.

That is. On closing.e.Auto-Puffer Products Design Features Auto-PufferTM Interrupters When interrupting low currents. AutoPuffer™ interrupters act in much the same way as puffer interrupters. however. Auto-Puffer™ interrupters require far less operating energy than puffer interrupters (i. Auto-Puffers™ need only mechanically generate sufficient gas pressure to interrupt a portion of the rated short-circuit current (i. the fixed Auto-Puffer™ volume and puffer volume form one large puffer volume. there is not sufficient gas pressure generated to force the Auto-Puffer™ valve closed. about 50% less). 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . Because interruption of low currents requires only moderate build up of SF6 gas pressure by mechanical means and since high current interruption uses heating from the arc to generate necessary gas pressure in a fixed volume. In such a case. Unlike a puffer interrupter.e. Thus. there is sufficient distance between the stationary and moving contacts to withstand rated dielectric levels. the refill valve opens so that SF6 gas can be drawn into the Auto-Puffer™ and puffer volumes. C-3 Edition 4. the SF6 gas pressure required for interruption is built up by mechanical means as in a puffer interrupter. 20% to 30%) In the open position.

2008-05 D-1 . satisfies the highest demands. The energy required for interrupting short circuit currents is partly taken from the arc itself.5 . The design of the LTB is a well-proven technology (over 25.800 kV and breaking current up to 50 kA. BLG and FSA1 are described in separate chapters in this Buyers Guide.000 units are in service). It is based on latest developments in dielectric dimensioning and arc physics research.800 kV single-pole operation Motor Drive™ is used for: LTB D 72. which includes the breaking unit. the circuit breaker poles and the operating mechanism are linked together with pull rods. both modes of operation are possible.5 .or four-chamber circuit breakers only single-pole operation applies.or three-pole operation. with rated voltage 72 . ABB has used operating mechanisms with energy mechanically stored in springs. In the LTB D three-pole operation case there is only one opening spring controlling all three poles and it is mounted on the pole furthest away from the operating mechanism Each circuit breaker pole constitutes a sealed SF6 filled unit. For three-pole operation.5 .170 kV LTB E 72. significantly reducing the energy required from the operating mechanism. The Auto-Puffer™ principle is described in chapter C-1.170 kV Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. and increases circuit breaker reliability. on the circuit breaker itself as well as on the foundation.170 kV BLG is used for: LTB E 72. Our spring operating mechanisms BLK. The Motor Drive is described in separate chapters in this Buyers Guide. ABB produced the world’s first SF6 circuit breakers with arc-assisted interrupters in the mid-1980’s . of directly driving the circuit breaker contacts with high precision and reliability. The number of moving parts in the drive is reduced to only one – the rotating motor shaft. For circuit breakers with one breaking element per pole. In the year 2001 ABB introduced Motor Drive. Operating mechanism BLK is used for: LTB D 72. For many years.Auto-Puffer™.Products LTB Circuit Breaker Family LTB Design Features and Advantages Introduction ABB:s LTB circuit breaker family. For two. the hollow post insulator and the mechanism housing.245 kV three-pole operation LTB E 362 . There is however one exception. This solution offers considerable advantages in that the energy in the tensioned springs is always available.5 . On every pole there is an individual opening spring controlled by the pull rod. Lower operating energy inherently reduces mechanical stresses. Design features LTB is available for single. a digital servomotor system capable The three poles of the circuit breaker can be mounted on individual pole supports or in the case of LTB D on a common support frame (pole beam).245 kV singe-pole operation FSA1 is used for: LTB D 72.5 .

2. 10.LTB Circuit Breaker Family Products LTB Design Features and Advantages The operational reliability and the service life of an SF6 circuit breaker is very much dependent on the ability to ensure sealing of the SF6 gas volume and to neutralize the effects of moisture and decomposition products in the gas. 5. 6. double nitrile rubber O-rings and X-rings are used with excellent result. 4. 8. The design corresponds with the demands in the standards IEC and ANSI. the LTB circuit breaker is provided with a density monitor. • The risk for gas leakage is negligible. which absorbs the moisture and the decomposition products from the interruption process. Special design solutions to meet other standards and/or specifications are also available. alarm signal and blocking function are activated only if the pressure drops due to leakage. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . 9. • Each breaking unit is provided with a desiccant. Therefore. • Since the interrupting capability is dependent on the density of the SF6 gas. 3. 7. The density monitor consists of a temperature compensated pressure switch. Circuit breaker type LTB D 1. Breaking chamber Support insulator Support structure Operating mechanism type BLK Trip spring with housing Gas tube with protective beam Gas supervision (On opposite side) Drilled holes for connection to ground Pullrod with protective tube Position indicator D-2 Edition 4.

HV-terminals. due to optimized contact gap. For use in extreme trying environments LTB can be delivered with a protective painting.3 g) without extra precautions. However. We can also guarantee restrike free interruption of capacitive currents due to optimized contact design and movement. The support structure and protective tubes for the pull rods are made of hot-dipped galvanized steel. and are installed in. For circuit breakers installed in areas with extreme low temperatures there is a risk of condensation of the SF6 gas. widely shifting conditions from polar to desert climate throughout the world. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. All LTB circuit breakers have a mechanically robust construction due to optimized pole and support structure. For inductive current switching the overvoltages are low as a result of optimum quenching at current zero. (0.000 mechanical (no load) operations. Controlled switching As option LTB circuit breakers can be used for controlled switching by applying our controlling device type Switchsync™. one of the following gas-mixtures is used: • SF6 and N2 • SF6 and CF4 Low maintenance requirements Resistance to corrosion Condition monitoring The selected components of aluminum (mechanism housings. (0. For further information please see chapter Q-1 “Controlled Switching”. The circuit breakers can easily be installed and put into service in 1-4 days depending on type and size. insulators or earthquake dampers or combinations thereof. sion. without the need of extra protection. Stable operating times Simple erection For controlled switching it is of the utmost importance that the functional times for closing and tripping operations are constant. The LTB circuit breakers are designed for. Seismic strength Dielectric strength LTB has high dielectric strength even at atmospheric SF6 pressure. The operational reliability and the service life of a SF6 circuit breaker is very much dependent on the ability to ensure sealing of the SF6 gas volume and to neutralize the effects of moisture and decomposition products in the gas. This is described in chapter “Monitoring” R-1. For the LTB D with FSA1 the maximum break time is 60 ms. cubicles) give a high degree of resistance to corro- As an option we can offer supervisory control by means of our condition monitoring system. LTB is designed for a service life of more than 30 years or 10. We can guarantee ±1 ms between consecutive operations for all LTB circuit breakers. 2008-05 D-3 . Read more about “Seismic Withstand Capability” in chapter S-1. With reinforced support structure.5 g). For current switching the number of operations before service is dependent on the interrupted current. the circuit breakers can withstand seismic accelerations considerably higher than 5 m/s2 .Products LTB Circuit Breaker Family Current switching capability All LTB circuit breakers are capable of interrupting short-circuit currents in a maximum of 40 ms. In order to avoid condensation consequences. designed to withstand seismic accelerations up to 3 m/s2 . Climatic withstand Each LTB is pre-tested in our factory and transported to site as a few pre-assembled units.

Therefore.or three-pole operated. The density monitor consists of a temperature compensated pressure switch. the HPL circuit breaker pole is provided with a density monitor. • Since the interrupting capability is dependent on the density of the SF6 gas. 2008-05 All HPL circuit breakers are capable of interrupting short-circuit currents in a maximum of 40 ms. alarm signal and blocking function are activated only if the pressure drops due to leakage. the hollow post insulator and the mechanism housing. The operational reliability and the service life of a SF6 circuit breaker is very much dependent on the ability to ensure sealing of the SF6 gas volume and to neutralize the effects of moisture and decomposition products in the gas.HPL Circuit Breaker Family Products HPL Design Features and Advantages Introduction ABB:s HPL circuit breaker family with rated voltage 72 . Each circuit breaker pole constitutes a sealed SF6 filled unit. The HPL circuit breaker is operated by the motor charged spring operating mechanism type BLG which is described in separate chapters in this Buyer’s Guide. Current switching capability Design features HPL can be single. We can also guarantee interruption of capacitive currents with very low probability of restrike due to optimized contact design and movement. satisfies the highest demands. due to optimized contact gap. which absorbs the moisture and the decomposition products from the interruption process. HPL 420 .800 kV and breaking current up to 63 (80) kA. For circuit breakers with one breaking element per pole. • Each breaking unit is provided with a desiccant. which includes the breaking unit. the breaker poles and the operating mechanism are linked together with pull rods. The Puffer principle is described in chapter C-1. • The risk for gas leakage is negligible. It is based on latest developments in dielectric dimensioning and arc physics research. Special design solutions to meet other standards and/or specifications are also available.550 can handle 63 kA without the need of grading capacitors. For three-pole operation. For inductive current switching the overvoltages are low as a result of optimum quenching at current zero.500 units are in service) The design corresponds with the demands in the standards IEC and ANSI. ABB has produced SF6 circuit breakers with Puffer interrupters since 1981. The three poles of the circuit breaker are mounted on individual pole supports. For multi chamber circuit breakers only one-pole operation applies. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . The design of the HPL is a well-proven technology (over 14. both modes of operation are possible. E-1 Edition 4. double nitrile rubber O-rings and X-rings are used with excellent result. Dielectric strength HPL has high dielectric strength even at atmospheric SF6 pressure. Each circuit breaker pole has its own individual opening spring.

and are installed in. In order to avoid condensation consequences. Stable operating times For controlled switching it is of the utmost importance that the functional times for closing and tripping operations are constant. The support structure and protective tubes for the pull rods are made of hot-dipped galvanized steel. without the need of extra protection. We can guarantee ±1 ms between consecutive operations for all HPL circuit breakers. widely shifting conditions from polar to desert climate throughout the world. For further information please see chapter Q-1 “Controlled Switching”.Products HPL Circuit Breaker Family Circuit breaker type HPL B2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Breaking chamber Support insulator Support structure Operating mechanism type BLG Trip spring with protective housing Gas supervision (On opposite side) Position indicator Controlled switching As option HPL circuit breakers can be used for controlled switching by applying our controlling device type Switchsync™. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. For use in extreme trying environments HPL can be delivered with a protective painting. For circuit breakers installed in areas with extreme low temperatures there is a risk of condensation of the SF6 gas. The selected components of aluminum (mechanism housings. cubicles) give a high degree of resistance to corrosion. HV-terminals. 2008-05 E-2 . one of the following gas-mixtures is used: • SF6 and N2 • SF6 and CF4 Resistance to corrosion Climatic withstand The HPL circuit breakers are designed for.

Each HPL is pre-tested in our factory and transported to site as a few pre-assembled units. (0.3 g) without extra precautions.HPL Circuit Breaker Family Products HPL Design Features and Advantages Seismic strength All HPL circuit breakers have a mechanically robust construction due to optimized pole and structure. With reinforced support structure. E-3 Edition 4. (0. However. For current switching the number of operations before service is dependent on the interrupted current. designed to withstand seismic accelerations up to 3 m/s2. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . Condition monitoring As option we can offer supervisory control by means of our condition monitoring system. The circuit breakers can easily be installed and put into service in 1-4 days depending on type and size. insulators or earthquake dampers or combinations thereof. Low maintenance requirements Simple erection The operational reliability and the service life of an SF6 circuit breaker is very much dependent on the ability to ensure sealing of the SF6 gas volume and to neutralize the effects of moisture and decomposition products in the gas. the circuit breakers can withstand seismic accelerations considerably higher than 5 m/s2. HPL is designed for a service life of more than 30 years or 10.000 mechanical (no load) operations. This is described in chapter “Monitoring” R-1.5 g) Read more about “Seismic Withstand Capability” in chapter S-1.

capacitor bank and reactor switching applications. In an international investigation it was shown that eighty percent (80%) of all failures Design features Perhaps the most important feature of the BLK operating mechanism is its operating principle.Products BLK Operating Mechanism BLK Design Features and Advantages Introduction Demands on the reliability of power transmission networks are increasing continuously. In the light of the above. which impose added requirements on operational endurance. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. The closing spring in the operating mechanism generates the required driving force to close the circuit breaker and charge the opening spring.000 BLK operating mechanisms delivered. A failure in the operating mechanism often means a failure in the total breaking operation. Therefore. circuit breakers should be equipped with highly reliable operating mechanisms. In the ABB design. are becoming more common. thus. of the total power supply system. Thus. The BLK spring operating mechanism is designed with a minimum of components. in high voltage circuit breakers originated in the operating mechanism. In other words. the opening spring is part of the circuit breaker’s link system and placed near the mechanism housing. As such. Applications BLK spring operating mechanisms are used for the following types of ABB live tank circuit breakers: LTB D LTB E1 (single-pole operated) Circuit breakers are the last link in a chain of apparatus that form the protection equipment for a power supply system. operating mechanisms play a major role of the reliability of the circuit breaker and. a closed breaker is always prepared for immediate opening. Such a design ensures a high degree of total reliability and minimal need for maintenance for the operating mechanism and. 2008-05 F-1 . the BLK mo tor charged spring operating mechanism was developed. In addition. the mechanical energy needed for the vital opening operation is always stored in the opening spring when the circuit breaker is in the closed position. Within a few milliseconds an operating mechanism must supply the energy needed to transform the circuit breaker from a perfect conductor to a perfect insulator. With over 35. ABB is confident that the design is one of the most reliable on the market. thereby. As such. to achieve highest operational reliability. the circuit breaker as a whole. today many customers strongly focus on the reliability and maintenance requirements of system equipment.

• Insulated doors and walls for low energy consumption and low noise level. • Good accessibility through large housing and a hinged control panel. • All electrical wiring used for external connections is brought to terminal blocks.Visible with housing doors closed • Front and back doors equipped with doorstops and provisions for padlock on door handles. • A damping device to retard the motion of the contact system at the end of an opening operation.Operates only after closing operation . Interlocking against unintentional operation Interlocking is achieved partly electrically and partly mechanically. partly charged or discharged closing spring. making the circuit breaker very suitable for controlled switching. The auxiliary equipment is characterized by the following: • Robust auxiliary contacts and limit switches. After recharging the closing spring.Located on the side of the housing . a “blind” stroke) • Closing operation during an opening operation BLK housing • Corrosion resistant housing of painted aluminum of 2 mm thickness. Based on the above interlocking design. the circuit breaker is capable of a rapid reclosing with a dead time interval of 0. universal charging motor . • Mechanical spring charge indicator . • Robust. F-2 Edition 4.e. the following operations are not possible when in service: • Closing operation when the breaker is already closed (i. the closing coil is connected through a limit switch that is controlled by the position of the spring drum. oil-filled worm drive for a minimum of maintenance.3 s. fast acting and vibration proof. which drives the operating lever of the circuit breaker. a motor drives the spring charging gear to automatically charge the closing spring. In this way the closing circuit is only closed when the breaker is in the open position and the closing springs are fully charged. • A closed. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . • Mechanical indication of charged. The power unit is characterized by the following robust main components: • A spiral closing spring. In addition.Charges closing springs in ≤15 seconds • Trip and close latches that are identical. Consistent operating times for all environmental conditions. Electrical interlocking is achieved by having the circuits of the operation coils connected through the auxiliary contacts of the operating mechanism.BLK Operating Mechanism Products BLK Design Features and Advantages Immediately after each closing operation. Both open and close springs are kept in the charged state by very reliable tripleaction latches.

Master-slave means that the function and the components in the CCC have instead been incorporated in one of the three operating mechanisms. Tools A compartment for tools is located on the backside of the rear door. Behind the rear door of the operating mechanism housing there is an interface panel containing all necessary terminal blocks for customer connections. Central Control Cubicle (CCC) or Master-slave For local three-pole operation of a single-pole operated circuit breaker a Central Control Cubicle (CCC) can be used. 2008-05 F-3 . which are placed on the rear side of the hinged control panel. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. which eliminates the need for the CCC. the following equipment is included on the control panel: • Casing with instruction manual and final drawings • Local open / close switch • Local / remote / disconnect selector switch • Electro-mechanical operations counter – non-resettable • MCB (Miniature Circuit Breaker) for motor- and AC auxiliary circuits There is easy access to relays and contactors.Products BLK Operating Mechanism Panels Behind the front door there is a panel that may be equipped differently. Standard terminal blocks are compression type in which a bare wire is compressed between two metallic plates in the terminal. The CCC can be delivered by ABB or arranged by the customer. We are open for discussions how to arrange the two alternatives. As a standard. As an alternative to the CCC we can also provide a “Master-slave” solution. This saves time for installation and cabling work. depending on customer specific requirements.

the opening latch (1) is released by the tripping coil. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . and the opening spring*) (A) of the circuit breaker carries out the operation. F-4 Edition 4. The motion of the contact system is retarded by a damping device (2). 1 2 A *) The opening spring is illustrated as a “clock”-type spring. In this position the circuit breaker is always ready to perform an opening operation or a complete autoreclosing O .BLK Operating Mechanism Products BLK — Operating principles Closed position In the normal service position of the circuit breaker the contacts are closed and the opening and closing springs are charged.3s .CO. Nowadays helical wounded springs are normally used for tripping operation. With a spring operated circuit breaker the opening operation is extremely reliable as the operation is only dependent on the functioning of the opening latch and the opening spring. Opening operation To open the circuit breaker.0.

The motor circuit is closed by the limit switch (8). Due to the eccentric guided lever (3) the driver lever (2) is declutched and continues to the resting position. A 1 2 3 4 Charging of the closing spring The circuit breaker has been closed. the spring can be charged by means of the hand crank enclosed in the cubicle. At the end of the stroke the closing lever (3) connected to the circuit breaker is hooked up by the opening latch (1) in the closed position. In case of emergency. The motor (7) starts and charges the closing spring (6) as the main shaft (5) and the driver (2) are hooked up by the closing latch (4). At the same time the opening spring (A) is charged. 7 6 2 5 8 4 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. 2008-05 F-5 .Products BLK Operating Mechanism BLK — Operating principles Closing operation Releasing of the closing latch (4) means an immediate response to close the circuit breaker. The driver lever (2) brings the eccentric guided closing lever (3) to the closed position. When the closing spring is fully charged the limit switch will open the motor circuit.

In an international investigation it was shown that eighty percent (80%) of all failures in high voltage circuit breakers originated in the operating mechanism. the circuit breaker as a whole. The chain. As such. today many customers strongly focus on the reliability and maintenance requirements of system equipment. This means that the mechanical energy needed for the vital opening operation is always stored in the opening spring when the circuit breaker is in closed position. In other words.000 BLG operating mechanisms delivered. to achieve highest operational reliability. The principle of the operating mechanism can be briefly described as follows: an endless chain links a cam disc and a set of springs. Within a few milliseconds an operating mechanism must supply the energy needed to transform the circuit breaker from a perfect conductor to a perfect insulator. a closed breaker is always prepared for immediate opening. A universal motor(s) drive(s) the spring charging gear.3 s. Circuit breakers are the last link in a chain of apparatus that form the protection equipment for a power supply system. circuit breakers should be equipped with highly reliable operating mechanisms. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . The opening springs are part of the circuit breaker’s link system and placed underneath the mechanism housing. of the total power supply system. This enables rapid reclosing of the breaker after a dead time interval of 0. capacitor bank and reactor switching applications. which automatically charges the closing springs immediately after each closing operation. thereby. design is one of the most reliable on the market. which impose added requirements on operational endurance. The springs are kept in the charged state by a latch that is released when the breaker is being closed. thus. The trip and closing latches are identical. transmits energy when the springs are being charged and drives the cam disc around when the circuit breaker is to be closed.BLG Operating Mechanism Products BLG Design Features and Advantages Introduction Demands on the reliability of power transmission networks are increasing continuously. Applications The BLG spring operating mechanisms are used for the following types of circuit breaker: HPL B LTB E1 (three-pole operated) LTB E2 LTB E4 Design features The closing springs in the mechanism generate the required driving force to close the breaker and charge the opening spring. In addition. With over 50. operating mechanisms play a major role of the reliability of the circuit breaker and. which is in two loops and runs over a motor-driven sprocket. fast acting and vibration proof. The design ensures a high degree of total reliability and minimal need for maintenance for the operating mechanism and. ABB is confident that the G-1 Edition 4. Thus. Therefore. are becoming more common. A failure in the operating mechanism often means a failure in the total breaking operation. During its rotation the cam disc actuates a link that converts the rotating motion into a linear motion.

from case to case. the following equipment is included: • Standard terminal blocks of compression type (in which a bare wire is compressed between two metallic plates in the terminal) • Interlocking for hand spring charging • Control equipment – such as relays. • All electrical wiring used for external connections is brought to terminal blocks. a “blind” stroke) • Closing operation during an opening operation BLG housing • Corrosion resistant housing of painted aluminum of 2 mm thickness. • Local open / close switch • Local / remote / disconnect selector switch • Electro-mechanical operations counter – non-resettable • Mechanical spring charge indicator – visible through the transparent shutter Behind the rear door of the operating mechanism housing there is an interface panel containing all necessary terminal blocks for customer connections. In addition. Interlocking against unintentional operation Interlocking is achieved partly electrically and partly mechanically.Products BLG Operating Mechanism A damping device is included to retard the motion of the contact system in the end positions. In this way the closing circuit is only closed when the breaker is in the open position and the closing springs are fully charged. Central Control Cubicle (CCC) Panels Below the front door there is a panel. A hand crank is also attached. • Insulated doors and walls for low energy consumption and low noise level. that may be equipped differently. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. As a standard. with a transparent shutter. MCB’s. the following operations are not possible when in service: • Closing operation when the breaker is already closed (i. Consistent operating times for all environmental conditions which make the circuit breaker suitable for controlled switching. depending on customer specific requirements. the closing coil is connected through a limit switch that is controlled by the position of the spring bridge. 2008-05 G-2 . partly charged or discharged closing spring. The auxiliary equipment is characterized by the following: • Robust auxiliary contacts and limit switches • Mechanical indication of charged. • Auxiliary contacts On the backside of the rear door there is a compartment for documents with instruction manual and final drawings. • Front and back doors equipped with doorstops and provisions for padlock on door handles. contactors etc. We are open for discussions how to arrange the solution. As a standard. The CCC will be delivered by ABB or arranged by the customer. Based on the above interlocking design. the following equipment is included on the control panel: When the circuit breaker is single-pole operated a Central Control Cubicle (CCC) is used when the circuit breaker is locally three-pole operated.e. Electrical interlocking is achieved by having the circuits of the operation coils connected through the auxiliary contacts of the operating mechanism.

0.3 s . G-3 Edition 4.BLG Operating Mechanism Products BLG — Operating principles Closed position In the normal service position of the circuit breaker (B). The breaker is kept in the closed position by the opening latch (1). with closing. The motion of the contact system is damped towards the end of the stroke by an oil-filled damping device (4). 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . The mechanism is now ready to open upon an opening command and can carry out a complete fast auto re-closing (O . Opening operation When the breaker is being opened. The opening spring (A) pulls the breaker (B) towards the open position.CO) cycle. the contacts are in closed position.(5) and opening spring (A) charged. the latch (1) is released by the tripping coil. which takes up the force from the charged opening spring. The operating lever (2) moves to the right and finally rests against the cam disc (3).

Charging of the closing springs The breaker has closed.Products BLG Operating Mechanism Closing operation When the breaker is being closed. 2008-05 G-4 . The last part of the rotation of the cam disc is damped by the damping device (9) and a locking latch on the sprocket (11) again takes up the initial position against the closing latch (6). has its catch locked against the closing latch (6). The cam disc then pushes the operating lever (2) towards the left where it is locked in its end position by the tripping latch (1). The sprocket (7) is locked to prevent rotation where upon the operating energy in the closing springs is transferred via section (8) of the endless chain to the sprocket (11) belonging to the cam disc (3). the closing latch (6) is released by the closing coil. The sprocket (11) belonging to the cam disc (3). Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. the motor starts and drives the sprocket (7). The closing springs (5) are thereby charged and the mechanism again takes up its normal operating position. whereupon the sections of the chain (8) raise the spring bridge (10).

Thus. of the total power supply system. A failure in the operating mechanism often means a failure in the total breaking operation. This means that the cam disc rotates via the closing lever. the closing latch is released from the main shaft and the closing spring trips.FSA1 Operating Mechanism Products FSA1 Design Features and Advantages Introduction Demands on the reliability of power transmission networks are increasing continuously. Within a few milliseconds an operating mechanism must supply the energy needed to transform the circuit breaker from a perfect conductor to a perfect insulator. are becoming more common. capacitor bank and reactor switching applications. With thousands of FSA operating mechanisms in service. As such. Therefore. a closed circuit breaker is always prepared for immediate opening. In other words.3 s. H-1 Edition 4. A universal motor drives the spring charging gear. ABB is confident that the design is one of the most reliable on the market. The opening spring is directly connected to the circuit breakers link system. which automatically charges the closing spring immediately after each closing operation. today many customers strongly focus on the reliability and maintenance requirements of system equipment. This enables rapid reclosing of the circuit breaker after a dead time interval of 0. In an international investigation it was shown that eighty percent (80%) of all failures in high voltage circuit breakers originated in the operating mechanism. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . to achieve highest operational reliability. The principle of the operating mechanism can be briefly described as follows: Closing operation: When the circuit breaker is being closed. which impose added requirements on operational endurance. at the same time as Circuit breakers are the last link in a chain of apparatus that form the protection equipment for a power supply system. In addition. Applications The FSA1 spring operating mechanisms are used for the following types of circuit breaker: ED LTB D1 Design features The operating mechanism consists primary of two tension springs. thereby. The switching shaft is put in motion and the circuit breaker closes. The design ensures a high degree of total reliability and minimal need for maintenance for the operating mechanism and. This means that the mechanical energy needed for the vital opening operation is always stored in the opening spring when the circuit breaker is in closed position. operating mechanisms play a major role of the reliability of the circuit breaker and. thus. the circuit breaker as a whole. circuit breakers should be equipped with highly reliable operating mechanisms. The springs are kept in charged state by a latch that is released when the circuit breaker is being closed. The closing spring generate the required driving force to close the circuit breaker and charge the opening spring.

) • Mechanical spring charge indicator (Visible through an indication window in the cubicle door.) Relays. a “blind” stroke) • Closing operation during an opening operation Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. On the backside of the front door there is a compartment for documents with instruction manual and final drawings.e. In addition. the circuit is interrupted by the limit switch. the following operations are not possible when in service: • Closing operation when the breaker is already closed (i. Based on the above interlocking design. The auxiliary equipment is characterized by the following: • Robust auxiliary contacts and limit switches • Mechanical indication of charged or discharged closing spring. • All electrical wiring used for external connections is brought to terminal blocks. A damping device is included to retard the motion of the contact system in the end position at opening. limit switches and auxiliary contacts are accessibly behind covers or by removing the casing. Standard terminal blocks of compression type (in which a bare wire is compressed between two metallic plates in the terminal). the following equipment is included on the control panel: • Local open / close switch • Local / remote / disconnect selector switch • Pole selector switch (only for SPO) • MCB for motor • MCB for heater • Thermostat • Mechanical operations counter (Visible through an indication window in the cubicle door. FSA1 housing • Corrosion resistant housing of painted aluminum • Front door equipped with doorstops and provisions for padlock on door handles. Opening operation: When the signal indicating that the circuit breaker shall open is received. A hand crank. In this way the closing circuit is only closed when the breaker is in the open position and the closing springs are fully charged. Terminal blocks of the SPO version are located behind a cover of the backside of master cubicle. When the spring is then charged. 2008-05 H-2 . Electrical interlocking is achieved by having the circuits of the operation coils connected through the auxiliary contacts of the operating mechanism. Interlocking against unintentional operation Interlocking is achieved partly electrically and partly mechanically. The motor then charges the closing spring following each closing operation. the closing coil is connected through a limit switch that is controlled by the position of the spring.Products FSA1 Operating Mechanism the trip spring in turn is charged and locked. is also attached. via the main shaft and worm gear. for manual charging of the springs. As a standard. For TPO direct behind the front door. the tripping latch device releases from the switching shaft and the trip spring hereby opens the circuit breaker. Panels Behind front door (master for single-pole operation SPO) and three-pole operation (TPO) there is a panel that may be equipped differently depending on customer specific requirements.

2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .FSA1 Operating Mechanism Products FSA1 Design 3 1 4 5 7 2 6 Operating mechanism type FSA1 1 Main shaft 2 Closing spring 3 Cam disc 4 Closing lever 5 Switching shaft 6 Trip spring 7 Motor H-3 Edition 4.

2008-05 H-4 .Products FSA1 Operating Mechanism 1 1 2 9 10 11 12 13 14 4 7 6 17 5 16 8 3 15 A B Operating mechanism type FSA1 A View from behind B View from the front 1 Main shaft 2 Worm gear 3 Operating mechanism’s opening lever 4 Motor 5 Auxiliary contacts 6 Closing spring 7 Hydraulic damper 8 Switching shaft 9 Counter for circuit breaker operations 10 Position indicator 11 Spring charge indicator 12 Manual closing operation lever 13 Closing coil 14 Manual opening operation lever 15 Operating mechanism’s closing lever 16 Trip coil 1 and 2 17 Trip spring Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.

MD Motor Drive Operating Mechanism Products Motor Drive™ Design Features and Advantages A revolutionary concept for the operation of high voltage circuit breakers What is a Motor Drive™? A Motor Drive is a digitally controlled motor directly moving the circuit breaker contacts. release and transmission are essentially electrical and as such the mechanical system is reduced to a minimum of moving parts. the required operations are executed according to the stored contact travel program and the motor is controlled to move the circuit breaker primary contacts accordingly. The number of moving parts in the drive is reduced to just one – the rotating motor shaft. Energy charging. There is an increasing focus by power network operators to increase their operational returns on invested capital equipment. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . ABB has developed a digital controlled servomotor system capable of direct driving circuit breaker contacts with high precision and reliability. References So far approximately 200 LTB D with Motor Drive has been installed in more than twenty countries all over the world. The development has consequently focused on systems which predict a fault before it occurs and a warning is sent out. Applications At present available for: LTB D (single. The inherent mechanical simplicity of Motor Drive provides major advantages: • Elimination of wearing components • Reduction in operating forces • Substantial reduction of the noise level during operation • Inherent increased reliability by elimination of multiple-interacting mechanical components LTB Circuit Breaker with ABB’s motor operated mechanism Motor Drive. The warning can be used to avoid unplanned service interruptions and maintenance jobs can be carried out according to the planned schedule. high-voltage equipment that requires minimum of maintenance. An important step in this direction is the shift towards condition-based maintenance in conjunction with utilizing a plant that has inherently low maintenance requirements. The critical parts in the electrical operational chain are multiplied so that a redundant system is achieved. I-1 Edition 4.and three-pole operated) Design features Motor Drive is essentially a digital system. ABB has concentrated its development on designing high performance. buffering. The required operating motions (trip & close) are programmed into a Control unit. On command. Reference list can be presented on request.

detailed information can also be downloaded and sent to ABB for detailed analysis and failure diagnostics. depending on customer specific requirements. MD Service installed on a laptop. doors and walls. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. Installation and commissioning is easy. • Inherent self-monitoring capability. • Insulated roof. Condition monitoring During normal operation of the circuit breaker the Motor Drive continuously runs diagnostic algorithms to check both the electrical and mechanical system. • Redundant critical systems. Simple erection Motor Drive™ control cubicle • Corrosion resistant housing of painted aluminum. the following equipment is included on the control panel: • Casing with instruction manual and final drawings • Local open / close control • Local / remote / discharge selector control • Electro-mechanical operations counter – non-resettable • Indicators for charged/discharged capacitors • Warning and alarm indicators • Contact position indicator • MCBs for voltage supplies. This is further improved by: • Eliminated multiple-interacting mechanical components.Products MD Motor Drive Operating Mechanism The Motor Drive platform offers many advantages and new capabilities: • Direct. Two independent voltage supplies. the status of the circuit breaker can be further investigated. active feedback control of contact motion • Flexible permissive logic control of the circuit breaker • Dramatic reduction of transients in substation auxiliary supply • Increased operational security and improved asset management through advanced on-line monitoring Control panel Robust modular design The Motor Drive is designed for widely shifting conditions from polar to desert climate. 2008-05 I-2 . • Front and back doors equipped with doorstops and provisions for locking of door handles. For service purposes the Motor Drive collects and stores a wide array of data that can be retrieved either locally or from the control board or remotely through a modem. Each motor drive is pre-tested together with the circuit breaker poles and shipped to installation site in the form of a few preassembled units. heaters and socket outlet Behind the rear door of the control cubicle housing there is an cable interface panel containing all necessary terminal blocks for customer connections. Reliability A circuit breaker must operate safely and reliably at all times. In event of problem a warning or fail signal will indicate to the substation control that service is needed. As a standard. Automatic switching to back-up supply. Behind the front door is a panel that may be equipped differently. With the service software. No adjustments necessary on site.

MD Motor Drive Operating Mechanism Products Motor Drive™ Design Features and Advantages The silent Circuit Breaker During operation the control system feeds the motor with precise amount of energy needed to obtain the desired speed of the contacts. no transient loads • Low mechanical stress and low noise levels • Redundant power supply • Optical serial communication port for external connection • Micro-motion – functional test • Can be used in combination with Switchsync™ applications (single-pole operation). If a trip command is initiated at the instant when a Micromotion is performed the normal operation will override and an unaffected open operation will be executed. The Micro-motion operates under service of the circuit breaker and does not interfere with the normal operation. Sound levels of 87 (dBA) has been measured and can be compared to sound levels up to 100 (dBA) that have been registered for circuit breaker with spring drives. simple and reliable • Optimal pre-programmed travel curve • Contact travel is compensated against ageing and changes in ambient temperature by the adaptive control system • Condition monitoring is inherently possible without need for additional sensors • Low power requirement. Contact position Approx.5 mm Closed Contact separation Open Time (ms) I-3 Edition 4. This can be executed automatically at programmed time intervals or by command via the MD Service serial communication interface. the main contacts can be moved a short distance without separation. This smooth control together with the minimized mechanical system gives very low sound level of the circuit breaker operation. 0. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . Advantages • Only one moving part. In service diagnostic test Micro-motion To obtain information about the condition of all the electrical and mechanical components in the system.

I/O and Control Units. The Control Unit verifies the measured position. The Control Unit contains and executes the programmed travel curve for the circuit breaker. The unit is monitored to ensure that operations are only permitted when sufficient energy is available.The I/O unit receives all operating commands to the breaker and provides signaling indication back to the substation control system. compares it to the position required at that instant by the pre-programmed travel curve. Control & signaling (3) . Energy release & transmission Energy buffering (2) .Charger/Supply unit accepts redundant AC and DC supply inputs and provides internal power supply to Capacitor. the Converter Unit will then send digitally controlled AC voltage and current to the Motor Stator (6) to drive the Motor with the required motion. Permissive logic control of operating commands is regulated in the Control Unit. This information is fed directly back to the Control Unit.Operating energy for the drive is buffered in a Capacitor Unit. The rotor of the Motor is directly connected to the operating drive shaft of the circuit breaker. 2008-05 I-4 . The integrated Position Sensor in the Motor continuously monitors the Rotor position. Supply load demands are very low (less than 1 A at normal operation) and with very low transient loads. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. The unit is dimensioned to accommodate standard IEC and ANSI circuit breaker auto-reclosing demands. Taking DC supply from the Capacitor Unit (2). Thus the circuit breaker motion is precisely controlled by the feedback according to the preprogrammed travel curve stored in the Control Unit memory. The unit stores and provides the power needed for the motor during operation. Once an operation command (Trip or Close) is validated through the I/O Unit (3) it passes to the Control Unit (4). The I/O unit contains bistable relays. It sends further control signals to the Converter Unit to continue the motion of the breaker.Products MD Motor Drive Operating Mechanism Operating principle 5 2 1 6 4 3 Energy charging (1) . which replaces the traditional mechanical auxiliary contacts. The Control Unit will access the relevant curve program (Trip or Close) and sends internal commands to the Converter Unit (5).

Set the time intervals of the Micro-motion operations . . Example of MD Service view I-5 Edition 4.MD Motor Drive Operating Mechanism Products Motor Drive™ Diagnostics MD Service MD Service is a User interface program. The MD Service also includes a help function. low gas levels. which provides data from the Motor Drive to check the status of the circuit breaker. MD Service can also be used to customize the function of the circuit breaker according to the customer needs. The following figure is an example of a MD Service view. detailed data can also be downloaded and send to ABB for further analyzis and remote failure diagnostic.Change/upgrade of the drive software The MD Service can also be used to gater and browse documents relevant for the application such as: Schematics. For example the Software can be used to: . phase discrepancies and loss off supplies.Configure automatic operations that can be performed in the event of low energy. In the event of a warning or fail signal from the system the MD Service can be used to analyze the problem. At installation and commissioning the software is used for local operation and verification of the system function. Operation logs and product manuals. which describes the different functions more in detail. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .

2008-05 I-6 .Products MD Motor Drive Operating Mechanism Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.

This solution offers considerable advantages in that the energy in the tensioned springs is always available. (Higher altitudes on request) Single.or Three-pole Insulation Rated voltage Rated current Breaking current Short-time current Insulators Creepage distance Service conditions: Ambient temperature Design altitude Type of operation J-1 Edition 4. phase phase voltage (Longer on request) -30 to +40 °C (Operation in temperatures down to -60 or up to +70 °C on request) 1. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .LTB Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Circuit Breakers type LTB D and LTB E ABB produced the world’s first SF6 circuit breakers with arc-assisted interrupters in the mid-1980’s.l. We have also introduced the latest technology for circuit breaker operation – Motor Drive Brief performance data: Installation Design Outdoor / Indoor SF6 Auto-Puffer™ interrupter Spring operating mechanisms or Motor Drive SF6 Up to 800 kV Up to 4. ABB has used operating mechanisms with energy mechanically stored in springs.s.000 m. The energy required for interrupting short circuit currents is partly taken from the arc itself. For many years.000 A Up to 50 kA Up to 50 kA/3 s Composite or porcelain 25 mm/kV. Lower operating energy inherently reduces mechanical stresses and increases circuit breaker reliability.a. significantly reducing the energy required from the operating mechanism.

All LTB E circuit breakers have one density monitor per pole. HV-terminals.5 m/s2 (0. cubicles) give a high degree of resistance to corrosion.3 g) in accordance with IEC 62271-300. L-1. For higher acceleration see chapter S-1 “Seismic Withstand Capability” Rating plates A rating plate. withstand seismic accelerations below 3 m/s2 (0.5% per year. except LTB E4 which has two density monitors per pole. Seismic withstand strength SF6 density monitoring All LTB circuit breakers can. and below 2. Since the interrupting capability is dependent on the density of the SF6 gas. I-1. This type of sealings has been used in our circuit breakers for more than 30 years with excellent service record at varying climatic conditions. LTB with light gray porcelain can be delivered on request. More information can be found in chapter B-1 “Explanations”.5 . is placed on the operating mechanism cubicle. Operating mechanism The circuit breaker is operated by motor charged spring operating mechanism(s). The sealing system consists of double nitrile rubber O-rings in all static seals and double X-rings in all dynamic seals. without the need of extra protection. M-1. The support structure and protective tubes for the pull rods are made of hot-dipped galvanized steel. N-1 and O-1. alarm signal and blocking function are activated only if the pressure drops due to leakage. G-1. which is installed in a compact splash proof and corrosion resistant housing. LTB circuit breaker type Operating mechanism BLK BLG FSA1 X (max 145 kV) X X X X MD X X LTB D 72.5 170 kV has one common density monitor for all three poles. in their standard versions. The rating plate is made of stainless steel with engraved text.5 .800 kV single-pole operation X X Insulators LTB circuit breaker is as standard delivered with insulators that consist of high-grade brown-glazed porcelain or composite insulators (light gray). For use in extreme trying environments LTB can be delivered with a protective painting.5 . which includes data for the circuit breaker.Technical Information LTB Circuit Breaker Family Material The selected components of aluminum (mechanism housings.245 kV single-pole operation LTB E 420 .245 kV three-pole operation LTB E 72. the LTB circuit breaker is provided with density monitor(s). Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. Longer creepage distances can be quoted on request. Alternatively LTB D can be provided with one density monitor per pole. The SF6 gas leakage is less than 0. H-1. The standard version of LTB D for 72. LTB is available as standard with long creepage distances. attached to the structure.170 kV three-pole operation LTB D 72. Therefore.25 g) in accordance with IEEE 693. The density monitor consists of a temperature compensated pressure switch.5 .170 kV single-pole operation LTB E 72. More detailed information about the operating mechanisms can be found in chapters F-1. 2008-05 J-2 . Sealing systems for SF6 volume Mechanical strength The mechanical durability gives a sufficient safety margin for normal wind loads and static and dynamic forces from conductors. More information about our composite insulators can be found in chapter P-1.

Condition monitoring As option we can offer supervisory control by means of our condition monitoring system. The drilling pattern is in accordance with IEC and NEMA standards. widely shifting conditions from polar to desert climate throughout the world. Controlled Switching Devices The goal for controlled switching is to increase power quality in the network systems by reducing switching transients. Since 1984 more than 2. (Up to 550 kV) Two support columns for LTB 800 E4 • For detailed information see ”Dimensions” The support structures are prepared for connection to ground by means of drilled holes on each leg. are available on request. DIN) by means of adapters. one of the following gas-mixtures is used: • SF6 and N2 • SF6 and CF4 Circuit breakers with vertically mounted breaking elements have terminals on both sides for connection in either direction. • LTB E One support column per pole for LTB E1 and LTB E2. 40 D=14.5 44.5 23 125 40 40 Support structure Support structures are included in the standard versions of the LTB circuit breakers.5(13x) 40 22. This is described in chapter R-1 J-3 Edition 4. For circuit breakers installed in areas with extreme low temperatures there is a risk of condensation of the SF6 gas. The standard versions for structures are: • LTB D 72. “Controlled Switching”. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .LTB Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Circuit Breakers type LTB D and LTB E Climatic withstand The LTB circuit breakers are designed for.5 . In order to avoid condensation consequences. Other dimensions (e.g. High voltage terminals Example: LTB E2 The LTB circuit breakers are as standard equipped with flat aluminum terminals with thickness 20 mm for LTB D and 28 mm for LTB E. All LTB circuit breakers are suitable for controlled switching with ABB:s Switchsync™ device. and are installed in. For three-pole operated circuit breakers this is achieved with mechanically staggered poles.170 kV One support column per pole.5 44.300 Switchsync™ devices have been delivered. or one common pole beam with two support columns. The support structures are made of hot-dipped galvanized steel. In order to obtain optimum result the switching instants should be different for the three phases. Circuit breakers with horizontal breaking elements have one terminal per breaking element. For further information see chapter Q-1. The terminals are directed upwards.25 28.

the breaking elements and the support insulators are transported in two separate cases. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. Inspection. contact ABB for advice. and a 20 m gas-filled hose with connectors. Transport The LTB circuit breakers are normally packed and transported in seaworthy wooden crates. For detailed information regarding weights and dimensions see “Shipping data”. which can be delivered on request: • One special control valve. In the event of damage to the goods. 2008-05 J-4 . Filling of SF6 gas to specified rated pressure is done by using the following pressurizing equipment. Any damage ought to be documented (photographed). Our test program complies with IEC and ANSI standards. The circuit breaker poles with one breaking element per pole are transported as complete units. For circuit breakers with two breaking elements per pole. maintenance and overhaul should be carried out at regular intervals depending on the ambient conditions and the number of operations. When using above equipment gas filling can be carried out without gas being released into the atmosphere. before further handling of the goods takes place. Erection work at site can be done in 1-4 days depending on LTB type and size.000 mechanical operations. Breaking elements as well as support insulators are filled with SF6 gas at a slight overpressure. for connection to the gas bottle. Type test reports can be presented on request.000 mechanical operations: Preventive maintenance including general inspection of the circuit breaker and operating mechanism. Arrival inspection On arrival the packaging and contents should be checked against packing list. Erection and commissioning Assembly instructions are provided with each delivery.Technical Information LTB Circuit Breaker Family Type tests The LTB circuit breakers have been type tested in accordance with IEC and/or ANSI standards. The general actions are described below: • 1-2 years: Ocular inspection • After 15 years or 5. Operation test including measurement of operating times and possible adjustments. For detailed information please see special chapter T-1 regarding “Quality Control and Testing”. Maintenance LTB is designed for a service life of more than 30 years or 10. Routine tests All LTB circuit breakers are routine tested before delivery. • A complementary control valve for connection to CF4 or N2 gas bottle (for mixed gas filling). For current switching the number of operations before service is dependent on the interrupted current and type of application. For illustration of gas filling equipment see page J-6.

be used as fill. LTB 72.LTB Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Circuit Breakers type LTB D and LTB E • 30 years or 10. and is described under “Erection and Commissioning”. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . circuit breakers for reactor or capacitor switching) and/ or large quantities of circuit breakers: • Complete poles • Complete operating mechanisms • Sets of contacts • Sets of gaskets • Density switches • SF6 gas Spare parts for the operating mechanisms BLK and BLG. ABB is available for discussions and advice. The porcelain can. Recommended spare parts High operation frequency (e. This information is given in the tender. after it has been crushed. For circuit breakers for special switching duties such as switching of reactor banks overhaul of the breaking chamber should be carried out more frequently. J-5 Edition 4. each containing 40 kg gas. and primary connections between the circuit breaker and the current transformers mounted on the brackets.170 D1/B can be delivered with cantilever support brackets for current transformer IMB. see chapter L-1 and M-1 SF6 gas Gas for filling up to rated pressure can be delivered in bottles. The SF6 gas should not be released into the athmosphere when the circuit breaker is disposed. Disposal Brackets and primary connections As optional equipment. The metals used in the circuit breaker can be recycled.000 mechanical operations: A comprehensive inspection is recommended to give increased safety and continued problem-free operation. The SF6 gas can be recycled.g.5 . Overhaul and repair work must be performed by authorized personnel only. The pressurizing equipment can be delivered on request. The instructions in the manual for operation and maintenance should be observed. The disposal of wasted parts should be carried out in accordance with local legal provisions. The inspection methods and scope depend very much on the local conditions. The quantity required for each type of LTB varies from one circuit breaker type to another.

Deflector cap 7. Protective rubber plug 5. Nipple 13. Plug in nipple 3. O-ring 15. Ball plug valve 12. Regulator for SF6 gas 2. Relief valve 8. T-union 10. Equal union cross Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. Socket 9.Technical Information LTB Circuit Breaker Family Gas Filling Equipment SF6 1. Protective rubber sleeve 4. Cover nut 14. Connection nut 18. Coupling body 6. O-ring 17. 2008-05 J-6 . Hydraulic hose 11. Nipple 16.

c current First-pole-to-clear factor Rated closing and latching current Duration of short.To earth (Dry/Wet) .Across open pole (Dry/Wet) Lightning Impulse Withstand Voltage .Across open pole Rated continuous current Rated s.To earth .5 104 3 < 40 2) 22 2) 40 2) 300 4000 40 1.5E1 LTB 170E1 LTB 245E1 LTB 420E2 LTB 550E2 2 550 60 860/860/1800 1800 2320 2320 1175 1300 4000 40 1.5D1/B LTB 145D1/B LTB 170D1/B LTB 72.5 60 1 170 60 1 245 60 2 362 60 kV kV 160/140 160/140 310/275 310/275 365/315 365/315 160/140 160/140 365/315 365/315 425/350 425/350 555/555/- kV kV 350 350 650 650 750 750 350 350 750 750 900 900 1300 1300 kV kV 452 452 838 838 968 968 452 452 968 968 1160 1160 1680 1680 kV kV A kA 3000 40 1.5 60 1 145 60 1 170 60 1 72. power frequency withstand voltage ratings apply for both wet and dry conditions With BLK operating mechanism 2) J-7 Edition 4.LTB Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Technical Data according to ANSI/IEEE (General data.To earth .3 104 3 < 70 18 40 300 kA s ms ms ms ms - 104 3 < 40 2) 22 2) 40 2) 300 O-0.3s-CO-3min-CO or CO-15s-CO Up to and including 245 kV.5 104 3 < 55 17 40 300 4000 40 1.Across open pole Chopped Wave Impulse Withstand Voltage .3 104 3 < 70 18 40 300 Number of breaks per pole Rated voltage Rated frequency Power frequency withstand voltage 1) . 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .5 104 3 < 55 17 40 300 825 900 4000 40 1. deviations may occur) LTB 72.time withstand current Closing time Opening time Interrupting time Dead time Rated standard operating duty 1) 1 kV Hz 72.5 3000 40 1.To earth (2 µs) .Across open pole (2 µs) Switching Impulse Withstand Voltage .5 104 3 < 40 2) 22 2) 40 2) 300 3000 40 1.5 104 3 < 55 17 40 300 4000 40 1.

power frequency withstand voltage ratings apply for both wet and dry conditions With BLK operating mechanism 2) Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.To earth and between kV kV 140 140 275 275 325 325 140 140 325 325 460 460 520 610 620 800 phases .5 104 3 < 55 17 40 300 40 4000 50 1.5E1 LTB 170E1 LTB 245E1 LTB 420E2 LTB 550E2 LTB 800E4 4 800 50 60 830 1150 2100 2100 (+455) 1550/2480 4000 50 1. 2008-05 J-8 .5 3150 40 1. deviations may occur) LTB 72.5 3150 40 1.c breaking current First-pole-to-clear factor Making current peak Duration of short circuit Closing time Opening time Break time Dead time Rated operating sequence 1) kV kV A kA 3150 40 1.3s-CO-3min-CO or CO-15s-CO Up to and including 245 kV.To earth and between 1 kV Hz 72.3 125 3 < 65 20 40 300 40 1.5 4000 50 1.Across open pole Lightning Impulse Withstand Level (LIWL) .Technical Information LTB Circuit Breaker Family Technical Data according to IEC (General data.5D1/B LTB 145D1/B LTB 170D1/B LTB 72.Across open pole Switching Impulse Withstand Level (SIWL) .5 125 3 < 55 17 40 300 104 40 4000 50 1.To earth / Between kV kV 325 325 650 650 750 750 325 325 750 750 1050 1050 1425 1425 (+240) 1550 1550 (+315) phases .5 50 60 50 1 170 60 50 1 245 60 50 2 420 60 50 2 550 phases .5 50/60 1 145 50/60 1 170 50/60 1 72.Across open pole Rated normal current Rated s.5 125 3 < 55 17 40 300 104 40 1050/1575 1175/1760 900 (+345) 900 (+450) 1175 (+650) 4000 50 1.3 125 3 < 70 18 40 300 104 40 4000 50 kA s ms ms ms ms - 100/104 100/104 100/104 125 3 < 40 2) 22 2) 40 2) 300 3 < 40 2) 22 2) 40 2) 300 3 < 40 2) 22 2) 40 2) 300 O-0.3 125 3 < 70 18 40 300 104 Number of breaks per pole Rated voltage Rated frequency Power frequency withstand level 1) .

5 kV 145 kV 170 kV C D A 1500 1500** - 1750* 1750* 1750* 2000 2000 2000 2500 2500 2500 2503 755 783 921 1790 *) Standard **) BIL 550 kV Rated voltage 72.170 kV Dimensions (mm) Rated voltage 72.LTB Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Dimensions — LTB D LTB D1/B Two-column stand.5 kV 145 kV 170 kV A 4647 5197 5808 B 1164 1164 1475 C 670 1220 1520 D 3283 3833 4133 E 1750 1750 1750 F 4380 4380 4380 B E F E 267 Available dimensions for phase distances and heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 72.5-170 kV Height to lowest part of insulator *** 1123** 2503* 2945 3528 *) Standard **) Central control cabinet must be mounted separately ***) Other dimensions can be provided J-9 Edition 4. Three-pole operation Rated voltage: 72. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .170 kV Dimensions (mm) Rated voltage 72.5 kV 145 kV 170 kV A 4647 5197 5808 B 1164 1164 1475 C 670 1220 1520 D 3283 3833 4133 E 1050 1750 1750 F 3230 4630 4630 B F E E 267 Available dimensions for phase distances and heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 72.5-170 kV Height to lowest part of insulator ** 1123 2503* 2945 3528 *) Standard **) Other dimensions can be provided LTB D1/B Two-column stand. Single-pole operation Rated voltage: 72.5 .5 kV 145 kV 170 kV Phase distance 1050* 1500 1500 1750* 1750* 1750* 2000 2000 2000 2500 2500 2500 1750 2503 C A D *) Standard **) BIL 550 kV Rated voltage 72.5 .

5 kV 145 kV A 4647 5197 B 1164 1164 C 670 1220 D 3280 3830 E 1750 1750 F 4174 4174 F E E 267 B C A D 2205 2487 1218 692 2530 563 Available dimensions for phase distances and heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 72.5 kV 145 kV 170 kV A 4647 5197 5808 B 1164 1164 1475 C 670 1220 1520 D 3280 3830 4130 E 1750 1750 1750 F 4189 4189 4189 C A D 2140 2000 E F E 267 B Available dimensions for phase distances and heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 72.5 .170 kV Dimensions (mm) Rated voltage 72.5 . Centre to centre (mm) Rated voltage 72.5-145 kV Height to lowest part of insulator ** 2501* 2946 3529 Phase distance 1500 1750 2000 2500 Stand distance 2530 2530 2530 2530 *) Standard **) Other dimensions can be provided Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.5 kV 145 kV 170 kV *) Standard Phase distance 1500 1750* 1750* 1750* 2000 2000 2000 2500 707 2501 580 574 2500 2500 1162 756 Dimensions between stands. Three-pole operation (FSA mechanism) Rated Voltage: 72.Technical Information LTB Circuit Breaker Family Dimensions — LTB D LTB D1/B Two-column stand.5-170 kV ) Height to lowest part of insulator ** 2501* 2946 3529 Phase distance 1500 1750 2000 2500 Stand distance 1500 2000 2530 2530 * Standard **) Other dimensions can be provided LTB D1/B Two-column stand. Centre to centre (mm) Rated voltage 72.5 kV 145 kV * Standard ) Phase distance 1500 1750* 1750* 2000 2000 2500 2500 300 Dimensions between stands. Single-pole operation (FSA mechanism) Rated voltage: 72. 2008-05 J-10 .145 kV Dimensions (mm) Rated voltage 72.

5 . Single-pole operation Rated voltage: 72.5-170 kV Height to lowest part of insulator *** 800** 2503* 2950 3203 *) Standard **) Central control cabinet must be mounted separately ***) Other dimensions can be provided J-11 Edition 4. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .170 kV Dimensions (mm) Rated voltage 72.5 kV 145 kV 170 kV A 4647 5197 5808 B 1164 1164 1475 C 670 1220 1520 D 3283 3833 4133 E 1750 1750 1750 F 4380 4380 4380 Available dimensions for phase distances and heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 72.5 .5 kV 145 kV 170 kV 1500 1500** - 1750* 1750* 1750* 2000 2000 2000 2500 2500 2500 3000 3000 3000 *) Standard **) BIL 550 kV Rated voltage 72.5 kV 1050 145 kV 170 kV Phase distance 1500 1500 1750* 2000 1750* 2000 1750* 2000 2500 2500 2500 3000 3000 3000 1750 2503 A C D *) Standard **) BIL 550 kV Rated Height to lowest part of insulator ** voltage 72.170 kV Dimensions (mm) Rated voltage 72.LTB Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Dimensions — LTB D LTB D1/B Three-column stand. Three-pole operation Rated voltage: 72.5 kV 145 kV 170 kV A 4647 5197 5808 B 1164 1164 1475 C 670 1220 1520 D 3283 3833 4133 E 1050 1750 1750 F 3266 4666 4666 F E E 267 B Available dimensions for phase distances and heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 72.5-170 kV 800 2503* 2950 3203 *) Standard **) Other dimensions can be provided LTB D1/B Three-column stand.

2008-05 J-12 .5 .Technical Information LTB Circuit Breaker Family Dimensions — LTB E LTB E1 Three-pole operation Dimensions (mm) Rated voltage 72.5 kV 1100* 170 kV 245 kV *) Standard Phase distance 1500 2500 2500* 2500 3000 3000 3000 3500 3500 3500* 4000 4000 4000 - Rated voltage 72.245 kV C 655 1265 1955 D 3244 3854 4544 E* 2500 2500 3500 F 6298 6298 8298 *) Recommended phase distances Available dimensions for phase distances and heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 72.5 kV 170 kV 245 kV A 4790 5400 6703 B 1292 1292 1914 C 655 1265 1955 D 3244 3854 4544 E 1100 2500 3500 F 3590 6390 8390 Rated voltage: 72.245 kV Available dimensions for phase distances and heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 72.5-245 kV *) Standard Height to lowest part of insulator 1950 2508* 2992 3642 4142 LTB E1 Single-pole operation Dimensions (mm) Rated voltage 72.5-245 kV *) Standard Height to lowest part of insulator 1442 2508* 2992 3642 4142 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.5 .5 kV 170 kV 245 kV A 4790 5400 6703 B 1292 1292 1914 Rated voltage: 72.

2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .420 kV Available dimensions of heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 420 kV *) Standard Height to lowest part of insulator 1950 2508* 2992 3642 4142 LTB 550E2 Single-pole operation Rated voltage: 550 kV All dimensions in mm Available dimensions of heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 550 kV * Standard ) Height to lowest part of insulator 1950 2508* 2992 3642 4142 J-13 Edition 4.LTB Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Dimensions — LTB E LTB 420E2 Single-pole operation All dimensions in mm Rated voltage: 362 .

2008-05 J-14 .Technical Information LTB Circuit Breaker Family Dimensions — LTB E LTB 800E4 Single-pole operation Rated voltage: 800 kV All dimensions in mm Available dimensions of heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 800 kV Height to lowest part of insulator 3847 10860 10398 2393 1914 795 795 1600 pF 5870 6070 11001 10642 3847 2086 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.

2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .42 x 0.32 x 1.60 x 0.75 1.60 x 0.4 m3 LTB 72.17 x 1.44 6.22 x 1.3 m3 J-15 Edition 4. Three-pole operated.LTB Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Typical Shipping Data for Standard LTB D LTB 72.75 1.13 2.17 x 1.60 x 0.17 x 1.22 x 1. Pole beam Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker poles Operating mechanism Pole beam Support structure Total 1 1 1 1 4 Gross weight kg 1200 345 115 220 1880 3.75 1.78 x 0.17 x 1.46 x 0.22 x 1.60 x 0.78 x 0.60 x 0.44 7.42 x 0.22 x 1.5D1/B. Three-pole operated.75 1.7 m3 LTB 145D1/B. Three-column stand Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker poles Operating mechanism Support structure Total 1 1 1 3 Gross weight kg 1150 345 330 1825 3.46 2.7 m3 LTB 170D1/B.42 x 0. Three-column stand Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker poles Operating mechanism Support structure Total 1 1 1 3 Gross weight kg 1270 345 330 1945 3.44 7.78 x 0.13 2.13 2.44 6.32 x 1. Three-pole operated. Three-column stand Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker poles Operating mechanism Support structure Total 1 1 1 3 Gross weight kg 1050 345 330 1725 3.32 x 1.5D1/B.44 x 0. Three-pole operated.87 x 1.13 2.78 x 0.

00 x 0.00 x 0.10 x 0. 2008-05 J-16 . Three-pole operated.33 2.13 4. Three-column stand Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker poles Operating mechanism Total 1 1 2 Gross weight kg 1850 950 2800 3.14 11. Pole beam Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker poles Operating mechanism Pole beam Support structure Total 1 1 1 1 4 Gross weight kg 1350 345 220 200 2115 3.33 2.13 4.46 2.87 x 1.14 12.75 1.76 x 1.60 x 0.84 x 1.5D1/B.89 x 1. Single-pole operated.17 x 1.84 x 1.6 m3 LTB 170D1/B.60 x 0. Single-pole operated. Single-pole operated.22 x 1.76 x 1.46 x 0.33 2. Three-column stand Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker poles Operating mechanism Total 1 1 2 Gross weight kg 1700 950 2650 3.78 x 0. Three-column stand Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker poles Operating mechanism Total 1 1 2 Gross weight kg 1800 950 2750 3.17 x 1.33 7.Technical Information LTB Circuit Breaker Family Typical Shipping Data for Standard LTB D LTB 145D1/B.46 x 0.32 x 1.10 x 0.14 11.18 x 1.3 m3 LTB 170D1/B.1 m3 LTB 72.78 x 0.46 2.18 x 1.84 x 1.30 x 1.9 m3 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. Pole beam Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker poles Operating mechanism Pole beam Support structure Total 1 1 1 1 4 Gross weight kg 1270 345 220 200 2035 3.30 x 1.6 m3 LTB 145D1/B.76 x 1.33 8.75 1.22 x 1.18 x 1. Three-pole operated.

90 x 0.53 2.5 D1/B LTB 145 D1/B LTB 170 D1/B 3. Three-pole operated (FSA).77 x 0.78 x 0.25 4. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .41 x 1.26 x 1.53 m 4.72 3.170D1/B.53 m 4.78 x 0.26 x 1.26 J-17 Edition 4.78 x 0.26 x 1. Two-column stand Type Circuit breaker poles Dimension Gross weight Porcelaine / Composite kg 1130 / 710 1250 / 740 1500 / 840 Support structure Dimension Gross weight kg 370 370 370 Pole-beam with operating mechanism Dimension Gross weight kg 1100 1100 1100 m LTB 72.LTB Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Typical Shipping Data for Standard LTB D LTB 72.5 D1/B LTB 145 D1/B 3.55 x 1.78 x 0.17 x 0.09 x 0.41 x 1.57 x 1.11 x 2.53 2.0 / 0.09 x 0.0 / 0.17 x 0.11 x 2.25 4.11 x 2.26 4.78 x 0.17 x 0.90 x 0.72 m 2.41 x 1.53 2. Single-pole operated (FSA).25 LTB 72.17 x 0.90 x 0.90 x 1.72 3.5 .55 x 1.57 x 1.72 3.170D1/B.5 .77 x 0.90 x 0.26 x 1.72 m 2.90 x 0.17 x 0. Two-column stand (Four packages per circuit breaker) Type Circuit breaker poles Dimension Gross weight Porcelaine / Composite kg 1130 / 710 1250 / 740 Support structure Dimension Gross weight kg 370 370 Pole-beam / Operating mechanism Dimension Gross weight kg 150 / 170 150 / 170 m LTB 72.

Technical Information LTB Circuit Breaker Family Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. 2008-05 J-18 .

Three-column stand Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH 72.89 x 1.84 x 1.1 m3 Gross weight 170 kg On request 1000 280 On request 3600 950 280 4 830 LTB 245E1 .36 On request 11. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .36 14.5 Breaker poles LTB 170 Breaker poles Operating mechanism Support structure Total LTB 72.05 x 1.5 and 170E1.97 1.97 2.5 Breaker poles LTB 170 Breaker poles Operating mechanism Support structure Total LTB 72.97 1.05 x 1.5 Total LTB 170 1 1 1 1 3 3 On request 4.5 m LTB 72.90 x 0.54 x 1.12 2.14 2.5 and 170E1.18 x 1.90 x 0.36 14.97 2. Single-pole operated.0 m3 Gross weight kg 3600 680 280 4 560 Breaker poles Operating mechanism Support structure Total LTB 245E1 .LTB Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Typical Shipping Data for Standard LTB E LTB 72.38 x 1.84 x 1.10 x 0.5 m3 Gross weight 170 kg On request 680 280 On request 3600 680 280 4 560 LTB 72.12 2.38 x 1.38 x 1.38 x 1.90 x 0.10 x 0.36 On request 13.Three-pole operated Equipment Number of cases 1 1 1 3 Dimensions LxWxH m 5.5 Total LTB 170 1 1 1 1 3 3 On request 4.18 x 1.5 m LTB 72. Three-column stand Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH 72.7 m3 Gross weight kg 3600 950 280 4 830 Breaker poles Operating mechanism Support structure Total J-19 Edition 4.90 x 1.90 x 0.14 2.10 x 0.54 x 1.89 x 1.Single-pole operated Equipment Number of cases 1 1 1 3 Dimensions LxWxH m 5.10 x 0. Three-pole operated.90 x 1.

03) 28. (25 mm/kV phase-phase voltage).30 x 1.28 x 1.12 5.21 x 1. 2008-05 J-20 .22 x 1.07 x 1.10 x 0.4 m3 LTB 800E4 .5 (32.40 (2.99 x 1.90) 3 x (1.89 x 1. (without PIR) Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaking units Support column Operating mechanism Support structure Corona rings Corona rings Capacitors Total 2 2 3 6 2 2 2 19 Gross weight kg 2 x (3600) 2 x (3500) 3 x (550) 6 x (420) 2 x (325) 2 x (170) 2 x (1060) 21 805 2 x (5.33 x 1.99 x 1.14 x 1.80 x 0.90 x 0.10 x 0.34) 2 x (2.07 x 1.03 32.21 x 1.90 x 0.12) 2.71 x 0.12 6.10 x 0. Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker units Support column Operating mechanism Support structure (Capacitors if included) Total 1 1 3 1 (1) 6 (7) Gross weight kg 3600 2400 3 x (680) 480 (1112) 8520 (9632) 5.90 3 x (1.99 x 1.05 x 1.40 x 1.33 x 1.6 m3 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.Single-pole operated.90 x 0.96 x 1.14 x 1.03) 29.12 6.40 x 1.97 x 1.12) 2.80 x 0.79 x 1.9) m3 LTB 420E2 .40) 2 x (1.33 x 1.21 x 1.14 x 1.07) 6 x (3.Single-pole operated 44 mm/kV.Technical Information LTB Circuit Breaker Family Typical Shipping Data for Standard LTB E LTB 420E2 .12) 2.40 x 1.Single-pole operated 55 mm/kV.12 x 1.90 3 x (1.Single-pole operated 44 mm/kV.4) m3 LTB 550E2 .40 (2.33 x 1.05 x 1.89 x 1.40 2.0 (30.18 x 1.03) 87.90 x 0.30 x 1. Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker units Support column Operating mechanism Support structure (Capacitors if included) Total 1 1 3 1 (1) 6 (7) Gross weight kg 3600 2800 3 x (680) 480 (1112) 8 920 (10 032) 5.05 x 1. (25 mm/kV phase-phase voltage). Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker units Support column Operating mechanism Support structure Capacitors Total 1 1 3 1 1 7 Gross weight kg 3600 2800 3 x (680) 480 1112 10 032 5.20) 2 x (7. (31 mm/kV phase-phase voltage).90 3 x (1.21 x 1.89 x 1.84) 2 x (2.

Brief performance data: Installation Design Outdoor / (Indoor) SF6 Puffer interrupter Spring operating mechanisms SF6 Up to 800 kV Up to 5. (Higher altitudes on request) Single.HPL Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Circuit Breakers type HPL B Single pressure puffer interrupters fully utilize mechanical energy for both contact movement and generation of SF6 gas flow to cool and interrupt the arc. the HPL B.s.a. For many years.000 A Up to 80 kA Up to 63 kA/3 s 80 kA/1 s Composite or porcelain 25 mm/kV. This solution offers considerable advantages in that the energy in the tensioned springs is always available.000 m. providing unmatched switching security under all system conditions from small reactive currents up to 80 kA full short-circuits. Deliveries of our pure puffer SF6 interrupter date back to 1970’s. ABB has used operating mechanisms with energy mechanically stored in springs. phase phase voltage (Longer on request) -30 to +40 °C (Operation in temperatures down to -60 or up to +70 °C on request) 1.or Three-pole Insulation Rated voltage Rated current Breaking current Short-time current Insulators Creepage distance Service conditions: Ambient temperature Design altitude Type of operation K-1 Edition 4.l. ABB refined this technology to produce the world’s highest performance interrupter. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .

The bennefit is a reliable circuit breaker with less components and less required maintenance. Insulators HPL circuit breaker is as standard delivered with insulators that consist of high-grade brown-glazed porcelain or composite insulators (light gray). which includes data for the circuit breaker. is placed on the side of the operating mechanism cubicle. More information can be found in chapter B-1 “Explanations” SF6 density monitoring Mechanical strength The mechanical durability gives a sufficient safety margin for normal wind loads and static and dynamic forces from conductors. The selected components of aluminum (mechanism housings. the HPL circuit breaker is provided with density monitor(s).5 . The density monitor consists of a temperature compensated pressure switch. withstand seismic accelerations below 3 m/s2 (0. by type tests. alarm signal and blocking function are activated only if the pressure drops due to leakage. and below 2.3 g) in accordance with IEC 62271-300. Therefore. Seismic withstand strength All HPL circuit breakers can. to handle 420 and 550 kV without grading capacitors. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. HPL is available as standard with long or extra long creepage distances. The HPL has recently been verified. type BLG. The rating plate is made of stainless steel with engraved text. • One operating mechanism is used for three-pole operation for HPL 72. More information about our composite insulators can be found in chapter P-1. without the need of extra protection. 2008-05 K-2 . For use in extreme trying environments HPL can be delivered with a protective painting.300 kV. Rating plates A rating plate.5 m/s2 (0. attached to the structure.The circuit breakers can handle high breaking currents and are dielectrically tested for levels exceeding IEC and ANSI requirements.Technical Information HPL Circuit Breaker Family Circuit Breakers type HPL B Performance The well proven HPL designs provide unmatched switching performance. The SF6 gas leakage is less than 0. cubicles) give a high degree of resistance to corrosion. • Three operating mechanisms are used for single-pole operation for HPL 72. which is installed in a compact splash proof and corrosion resistant housing. This type of sealings has been used in our circuit breakers for more than 30 years with excellent service record at varying climatic conditions. The support structure and protective tubes for the pull rods are made of hot-dipped galvanized steel.550 kV. Sealing systems for SF6 volume The sealing system consists of double nitrile rubber O-rings in all static seals and double X-rings in all dynamic seals. • Six operating mechanisms (two per pole) for single-pole operation for HPL 800 kV. Since the interrupting capability is dependent on the density of the SF6 gas. HPL with light gray porcelain can be delivered on request. For higher acceleration see chapter S-1 “Seismic Withstand Capability”. HV-terminals.5% per year. Longer creepage distances can be quoted on request.25 g) in accordance with IEEE 693. in their standard versions. More detailed information about the operating mechanism type BLG can be found in chapters G-1 and M-1 in this Buyer’s Guide. All HPL circuit breakers have one density monitor per pole.5 . Operating mechanism Material The circuit breaker is operated by motor charged spring operating mechanism(s).

This is described in chapter R-1 44. For circuit breakers installed in areas with extreme low temperatures there is a risk of condensation of the SF6 gas.5 23 125 40 40 K-3 Edition 4. High voltage terminals The HPL circuit breakers are as standard equipped with flat aluminum terminals with thickness 28 mm and drilling pattern in accordance with IEC and NEMA standards. For HPL 800 kV two support columns per pole are necessary. Up to 550 kV the HPL circuit breakers are mounted on one support column per pole.g. Preinsertion Resistors (PIR) HPL circuit breakers with more than one breaking element per pole can be provided with preinsertion resistors for switching of no-load lines. one of the following gas-mixtures is used: • SF6 and N2 • SF6 and CF4 Circuit breakers with vertically mounted breaking elements have terminals on both sides for connection in either direction. “Controlled Switching”.5 44. The support structure(s) is made of hotdipped galvanized steel. Other dimensions (e. Since 1984 more than 2. DIN) by means of adapters are available on request. For further information see chapter Q-1. widely shifting conditions from polar to desert climate throughout the world.5(13x) 40 22.HPL Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Circuit Breakers type HPL B Climatic withstand The HPL circuit breakers are designed for. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . 40 D=14.25 28. Support structure Controlled switching devices Support structures are included in the standard versions of the HPL circuit breakers. Circuit breakers with horizontal breaking elements have one terminal per breaking element. All HPL circuit breakers are suitable for controlled switching with ABB:s Switchsync™ device. For three-pole operated circuit breakers this achieved with mechanically staggered poles.300 Switchsync™ devices have been delivered. The terminals are directed upwards. and are installed in. In order to avoid condensation consequences.5 Condition monitoring As an option we can offer supervisory control by means of our condition monitoring system. The goal for controlled switching is to increase power quality in the network systems by reducing switching transients. For detailed information see “Dimensions” The support structures are prepared for connection to ground by means of drilled holes on each leg. In order to obtain optimum result the switching instants should be different for the three phases.

The general actions are described below: • 1-2 years: Ocular inspection • After 15 years or 5. Maintenance Arrival inspection On arrival the packaging and contents should be checked against packing list. 2008-05 K-4 . Erection and commissioning Assembly instructions are provided with each delivery. Inspection.000 mechanical (no load) operations. HPL is designed for a service life of more than 30 years or 10. Routine tests All HPL circuit breakers are routine tested before delivery. Breaking elements as well as support insulators are filled with SF6 gas at a slight overpressure. For detailed information please see special chapter T-1 regarding “Quality Control and Testing”. contact ABB for advice. before further handling of the goods takes place. • A complementary control valve for connection to CF4 or N2 gas bottle (for mixed gas filling). Our test program complies with IEC and ANSI standards. Operation test including measurement of operating times and possible adjustments. which can be delivered on request: • One special control valve. maintenance and overhaul should be carried out at regular intervals depending on the ambient conditions and the number of operations. The circuit breaker poles with one breaking element per pole are transported as complete units. Filling of SF6 gas to specified rated pressure is done by using the following pressurizing equipment. for connection to the gas bottle.000 mechanical operations: Preventive maintenance including general inspection of the circuit breaker and operating mechanism. For current switching the number of operations before service is dependent on the interrupted current. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. Transport The HPL circuit breakers are normally packed and transported in seaworthy wooden crates. Any damage ought to be documented (photographed). and a 20 m gas-filled hose with connectors. the number of cases depends on the circuit breaker type. For detailed information regarding weights and dimensions see “Shipping data”. Erection work at site can be done in 1-7 days depending on HPL type and size. For illustration of gas filling equipment see page J-6. In the event of damage to the goods.Technical Information HPL Circuit Breaker Family Circuit Breakers type HPL B Type tests The HPL circuit breakers have been type tested in accordance with IEC and/or ANSI standards. filling can be done without gas being released into the atmosphere. Type test reports can be presented on request. For circuit breakers with two or more breaking elements per pole. When using the above gas equipment.

Brackets and primary connections As optional equipment.HPL Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Circuit Breakers type HPL B • 30 years or 10.170B1 can be delivered with cantilever support brackets for current transformer IMB.5 . circuit breakers for reactor or capacitor switching) and/or large quantities of circuit breakers: • Complete poles • Complete operating mechanisms • Sets of contacts • Sets of gaskets • Density switches • SF6 gas Spare parts for the operating mechanisms BLG. be used as fill. and is described under “Erection and Commissioning”. The instructions in the manual for operation and maintenance should be observed.g. This information is given in the tender. Disposal Recommended spare parts High operation frequency (e. see chapter M-1 The disposal of wasted parts should be carried out in accordance with local legal provisions. The pressurizing equipment can be delivered on request. The porcelain can. The SF6 gas should not be released into the athmosphere when the circuit breaker is scrapped. Overhaul and repair work must be performed by authorized personnel only. ABB is available for discussions and advice. The SF6 gas can be recycled. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . The metals used in the circuit breaker can be recycled.000 mechanical operations: A comprehensive inspection is recommended to give increased safety and continued problem-free operation. The inspection methods and scope depend very much on the local conditions. HPL 72. K-5 Edition 4. SF6 gas Gas for filling up to rated pressure can be delivered in bottles. The quantity required for each type of HPL varies from one circuit breaker type to another. and primary connections between the circuit breaker and the current transformers mounted on the brackets. For circuit breakers for special switching duties such as switching of reactor banks overhaul of the breaking chamber should be carried out more frequently. after it has been crushed. each containing 40 kg gas.

2008-05 K-6 .Technical Information HPL Circuit Breaker Family Circuit Breakers type HPL B Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.

3s-CO-3min-CO or CO-15s-CO Up to and including 245 kV. power frequency withstand voltage ratings apply for both wet and dry conditions Short-circuit current ratings up to 80 kA available on request K-7 Edition 4.Across open pole (Dry/Wet) Lightning Impulse Withstand Level (LIWL) -To earth .HPL Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Technical Data according to ANSI/IEEE (General data.To earth (2µs) .5 158/164 3 <65 <22 33 300 825 900 4000 63 2) 1.3 158/164 3 <65 <22 33 300 kA s ms ms ms ms - 158/164 3 <65 <22 33 300 O-0.3 158/164 3 <65 <22 33 300 1175 1300 4000 63 2) 1.Across open pole (2 µs) Switching Impulse Withstand Level (SIWL) -To earth .c breaking current First-pole-to-clear factor Making current peak Duration of short circuit Closing time Opening time Break time Dead time Rated operating sequence 1) 2) 1 kV Hz 72.5 158/164 3 <65 <22 33 300 4000 63 2) 1.5 4000 63 2) 1.5 50/60 1 170 50/60 1 245 50/60 2 362 50/60 2 550 50/60 kV kV 160/140 160/140 365/315 365/315 425/350 425/350 555/555/- 860/860/- kV kV 350 350 750 750 900 900 1300 1300 1800 1800 kV kV 452 452 968 968 1160 1160 1680 1680 2320 2320 kV kV A kA 4000 63 2) 1.To earth (Dry/Wet) . deviations may occur) HPL 72.Across open pole Chopped Wave Impulse Withstand Voltage .5B1 HPL 170B1 HPL 245B1 HPL 420B2 HPL 550B2 HPL 800B4 4 800 50/60 960/960/2050 2050 2640 2640 1425 1550 4000 63 2) 1.3 158/164 3 <65 <22 33 300 Number of breaks per pole Rated voltage Rated frequency Power frequency withstand level 1) .Across open pole Rated normal current Rated s. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .

5 50/60 1 170 50/60 1 245 50/60 1 300 50/60 2 420 50/60 2 550 50/60 kV kV 140 140 325 325 460 460 380 435 520 610 620 800 kV kV 325 325 750 750 1050 1050 1050 1050 (+170) 1425 1425 (+240) 1550 1550 (+315) kV kV A kA 4000 63 2) 1.To earth and between phases .3 158/164 3 <65 <22 33 300 1175/1760 900 (+450) 4000 63 2) 1.5 158/164 3 <65 <22 33 300 4000 63 2) 1.Technical Information HPL Circuit Breaker Family Technical Data according to IEC (General data.5 4000 63 2) 1.5 158/164 3 <65 <22 33 300 850/1275 700 (+245) 4000 63 2) 1.c breaking current First-pole-to-clear factor Making current peak Duration of short circuit Closing time Opening time Break time Dead time Rated operating sequence 1) 2) 1 kV Hz 72.3 158/164 3 <65 <22 33 300 1050/1575 900 (+345) 4000 63 2) 1.3 158/164 3 <65 <22 33 300 kA s ms ms ms ms - 158/164 3 <65 <22 33 300 O-0.5B1 HPL 170B1 HPL 245B1 HPL 300B1 HPL 420B2 HPL 550B2 HPL 800B4 4 800 50/60 830 1150 2100 2100 (+455) 1550/2480 1175 (+650) 4000 63 2) 1. 2008-05 K-8 .Across open pole Switching Impulse Withstand Level (SIWL) -To earth/Between phases .Across open pole Lightning Impulse Withstand Level (LIWL) -To earth and between phases . power frequency withstand voltage ratings apply for both wet and dry conditions Short-circuit current ratings up to 80 kA available on request Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.3s-CO-3min-CO or CO-15s-CO Up to and including 245 kV.3 158/164 3 <65 <22 33 300 Number of breaks per pole Rated voltage Rated frequency Power frequency withstand level 1) . deviations may occur) HPL 72.Across open pole Rated normal current Rated s.

5-300 kV Height to lowest part of insulator 1950 2508* 2992 3642 4142 HPL B1 Single-pole operation Dimensions (mm) Rated voltage 72.5-300 kV *) Standard C D Height to lowest part of insulator 1950 2508* 2992 3642 4142 2508 752 K-9 Edition 4.HPL Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Dimensions — HPL B HPL B1 Three-pole operation Dimensions (mm) Rated voltage 72.5 .300 kV Available dimensions for phase distances and heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 72.5 kV 170 kV 245 kV *) Standard Phase distance 1100* 1500 2500 2500* 2500 3000 3000 3000 3000 3500 3500 3500* 3500* 4000 4000 4000 4000 300 kV *) Standard Rated voltage 72.5 kV 170 kV 245 kV 300 kV A 5213 6063 6703 7163 B 1724 1724 1914 2124 Rated voltage: 72.5 kV 170 kV 245 kV 300 kV A 5213 6063 6703 7163 B 1724 1724 1914 2124 C 655 1505 1955 2205 D 3270 4120 4570 4820 E 1100 2500 3500 3500 F 3600 6400 8400 8400 Rated voltage: 72. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .5 .300 kV F C 655 1505 1955 2205 D 3270 4120 4570 4820 E* 2500 2500 3500 3500 F 6400 6400 8400 8400 E E 420 B *) Recommended phase distances A Available dimensions (mm) Rated voltage 72.

Technical Information HPL Circuit Breaker Family Dimensions — HPL B HPL 420B2 Single-pole operation All dimensions in mm Rated voltage: 362 . 2008-05 K-10 .420 kV Available dimensions for heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 420 kV *) Standard Height to lowest part of insulator 1950 2508* 2992 3642 4142 HPL 550B2 Single-pole operation All dimensions in mm Rated voltage: 550 kV (Without grading capacitors) 5288 1914 680 Available dimensions for heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 550 kV *) Standard Height to lowest part of insulator 1950 2508* 2992 3642 4142 8043 7571 4135 2366 752 2508 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.

2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .HPL Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Dimensions — HPL B HPL 800B4 Single-pole operation Rated voltage: 800 kV All dimensions in mm Available dimensions for heights to lowest part of insulator (mm) Rated voltage 800 kV Height to lowest part of insulator 3847 10100 1724 795 795 11001 5870 10642 3847 2086 K-11 Edition 4.

90 1.90 x 0.89 x 1.05 x 1.38 x 1.05 x 1.12 2.12 3 x (1.05 x 1.7 m3 15.89 x 1. Three-pole operated and Single-pole operated Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker poles Operating mechanism Three-pole operated Operating mechanism Single-pole operated Support structure Total Three-pole operated Total Single-pole operated 1 1 3 1 3 5 Gross weight kg 2800 680 (3) x 680 280 3 760 5 120 4.5 m3 HPL 245B1.36 10.36 12.90 x 0.12) 2.92 x 1. Three-pole operated and Single-pole operated Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker Poles Operating mechanism Three-pole operated Operating mechanism Single-pole operated Support structure Total Three-pole operated Total Single-pole operated 1 1 3 1 3 5 Gross weight kg 2980 680 3 x (680) 280 3 940 5 300 5.90 1.Technical Information HPL Circuit Breaker Family Typical Shipping Data for Standard HPL B HPL 72.10 x 0.38 x 1.89 x 1.89 x 1.38 x 1.05 x 1.90 x 0.38 x 1.10 x 0.12) 2.05 x 1.23 x 1.1 m3 18.5B1.89 x 1. Three-pole operated and Single-pole operated Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker poles Operating mechanism Three-pole operated Operating mechanism Single-pole operated Support structure Total Three-pole operated Total Single-pole operated 1 1 3 1 3 5 Gross weight kg 3320 680 3 x (680) 280 4 280 5 640 5.5 m3 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.36 14.1 m3 16.10 x 0.97 1. 2008-05 K-12 .89 x 1.12 (3) x 1.1 m3 HPL 170B1.05 x 1.12 3 x (1.

72 x 1.89 x 0.91) 41 (43) m3 HPL 362-420TB2.89 x 1. Single-pole operated.98 x 1.89 x 1. (25 mm/kV phase-phase voltage).98 x 1. 44 mm/kV. (With PIR) Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaking elements incl.05 x 0.38 x 1.90 3 x (1. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .97 3 x (1.22 x 1.91) 49 (51) m3 K-13 Edition 4.90 x 0. 44 mm/kV.38 (1.07) 2.90 3 x (1.97 1. Three-pole operated and Single-pole operated Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaker poles Operating mechanism Three-pole operated Operating mechanism Single-pole operated Support structure Total Three-pole operated Total Single-pole operated 1 1 3 1 3 5 Gross weight kg 4300 680 3 x (680) 280 5 260 6 620 6.85 x 1.12) 2.99 x 1.22) 5. (25 mm/kV phase-phase voltage).89 x 1.40 x 1.22 x 1.38 x 1. PIR Support column Operating mechanism Support structure (Capacitors if included) Total PIR = PreInsertion Resistors 3 1 3 1 (1) 8 (9) Gross weight kg 3 x (2150) 2400 3 x (680) 480 (840) 11 370 (12 210) 3 x (4.21 x 0.36 15 m3 19 m3 HPL 362-420B2.05 x 1.12) 2.10 x 0.38 (1.74 x 1.05 x 1.10 x 0.10 x 0. Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaking elements Support column Operating mechanism Support structure (Capacitors if included) Total 1 1 3 1 (1) 6 (7) Gross weight kg 3500 2400 3 x (680) 480 (840) 8 420 (9 260) 4. Single-pole operated.20 5.90 x 0.90 x 0.21 x 0.40 x 1.97 x 1.HPL Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Typical Shipping Data for Standard HPL B HPL 300B1.

PIR Support column Operating mechanism Support structure (Capacitors if included) Total 3 1 3 1 (1) 8 (9) Gross weight kg 3 x (2600) 2800 3 x (680) 480 (840) 13 120 (13 960) 3 x (5.28 x 1.12) 2.4) m3 HPL 550B2.90 3 x (1.40 x 1.20 6.07 x 1.91) 48.12) 2.22) 6.22) 29.05 x 1. 55 mm/kV.5 (51.5 (35.85 x 1. (31 mm/kV phase-phase voltage). (With PIR) Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaking elements incl.38 (1. 2008-05 K-14 .91) 28.9) m3 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.90 x 0.91) (2. 55 mm/kV.05 x 1.89 x 1. (Without PIR) Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaking elements Support column Operating mechanism Support structure (Capacitors if included) (Corona rings if included) Total 1 1 3 1 (1) (1) 6 (8) Gross weight kg 3600 2800 3 x (680) 480 (1192) (320) 8 920 (10 432) 5.10 x 0.99 x 1.10 x 0.40 x 1.07 x 1. (Without PIR) Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaking elements Support column Operating mechanism Support structure (Capacitors if included) Total 1 1 3 1 (1) 6 (7) 4.38 (1.07 x 1.38 (1. (31 mm/kV phase-phase voltage). Single-pole operated.12) 2.3 (31.33 x 1.98 x 1.40 x 1.90 x 0.90 3 x (1.12 6.99 x 1. Single-pole operated.6 x 1.21 x 0.90 3 x (1.21 x 0.10 x 0.Technical Information HPL Circuit Breaker Family HPL 362-420B2.90 x 0.89 x 1.05 x 1.98 x 1. Single-pole operated.89 x 1.14 x 1.72 x 1.2) m3 Gross weight kg 3500 2800 3 x (680) 480 (840) 8 820 (9 660) HPL 362-420TB2.21 x 0.98 x 1.

05) 2 x (2.90 3 x (1.40) 2 x (1.2 m3 HPL 800B4. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .89 x 1.8 m3 HPL 800TB4.21 x 1. (With PIR) Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaking elements incl. PIR Support column Operating mechanism Support structure Corona rings Capacitors Total 6 2 6 3 2 2 21 Gross weight kg 6 x (2150) 2 x (3500) 6 x (680) 3 x (420) 2 x (230) 2 x (840) 27 380 6 x (4.85 x 1.36 x 1.74 x 1.38 2.21 x 0.22) 6.22) 2 x (7. (With PIR) Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaking elements incl.40) 2 x (1.98 x 1.28 x 1.10 x 0.90 x 0.90 x 0.98 x 1.72 x 1.12) 2.89 x 1.21 x 1.HPL Circuit Breaker Family Technical Information Typical Shipping Data for Standard HPL B HPL 550TB2.90) 6 x (1.21 x 0.05 x 1. Single-pole operated. Single-pole operated.16 m3 K-15 Edition 4.91 108.10 x 1.28 x 1.18 x 1.85 x 1.12) 3 x (4.12) 3 x (4.20) 2 x (7.05 x 1.81 x 1.29 x 1. PIR Support column Operating mechanism Support structure Capacitors Total 3 1 3 1 1 9 Gross weight kg 3 x (2600) 2800 3 x (680) 480 1192 14 312 3 x (5. Single-pole operated.05 x 1.99 x 1.07 x 1.90) 6 x (1. (Without PIR) Equipment Number of cases Dimensions LxWxH m Breaking elements Support column Operating mechanism Support structure Corona rings Corona rings Capacitors Total 2 2 6 3 2 2 2 19 Gross weight kg 2 x (3500) 2 x (3500) 6 x (680) 3 x (420) 2 x (230) 2 x (130) 2 x (840) 21 740 2 x (4.12 57.81 x 1.10 x 1.40 x 1.18 x 1.65 x 2.91 147.90 x 0.05) 2 x (2.13) 2 x (1.28 x 1.65 x 2.89 x 1.

Brief performance data Installation Design For circuit breaker Outdoor Spring operated LTB D1 LTB E1 (Single-pole operated) -55 °C to +40 °C (Other on request) Service conditions: Ambient temperature Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. BLK is designed for widely shifting conditions. This proven technology is efficiently combined with modern manufacturing methods and a low number of mechanical components. Mechanical life tests have been performed with 10. 2008-05 L-1 . from polar to desert climate.000 operations.Technical Information BLK Operating Mechanism Spring Operating Mechanism type BLK BLK is characterized by a well-proven technology (more than 35.000 units are in service). This ensures a high degree of total reliability for the circuit breaker and a minimal need of maintenance.

is placed on the front door. Overhaul and repair work must be performed by authorized personnel only. A more detailed check is recommended after 30 years of service or 10. Any damage should be documented (photographed). Rating plates A rating plate. The operating mechanism is easy to dismantle and the metal parts can be recycled. The operating mechanism must be lifted using the lifting eyes on top of the cabinet. Instructions. Transport The instructions in the manual for operation and maintenance should be observed. The maintenance requirements are small. L-2 Edition 4.unpacking The disposal should be carried out in accordance with local legal provisions. Tools Special tools for assembling and service are placed on the inner side of the rear door. contact ABB for advice. as BLK is designed for a service life of more than 30 years. When stored outdoors the internal heater should be used to prevent condensation.000 operations. which includes data for the circuit breaker. This ensures a continued problem-free operation. BLK for single. Please check the contents and packaging with regard to transport damage immediately on arrival. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . product manual. Slings must not be placed around the cabinet when lifting. before further handling of the goods takes place. Storage The operating mechanism shall preferably be stored indoors in a dry building. Maintenance Instructions With each delivery of circuit breakers. Disposal Arrival inspection .and three-pole operation is normally packed and transported in a separate seaworthy wooden crate. there is an extensive product manual that will guide the user how to assemble and handle the apparatus during its lifetime. circuit diagram and other documents are placed in a compartment inside the front door of the operating mechanism. All packing material can be recycled.BLK Operating Mechanism Technical Information Spring Operating Mechanism type BLK Material The housing is made of corrosion resistant. In the event of any material missing or damage to the goods. Normally it is sufficient with ocular inspection every 1-2 years and some lubrication after 15 years or 5. The doors and walls are insulated for low heat energy consumption and low noise level.000 operations. painted aluminum. The rating plate is made of stainless steel with engraved text. Front and back doors are equipped with doorstops and pad lock provisions on door handles.

(Entrelec M6/8) The signal circuits are connected to 4 mm2 through-terminals. Interlocks The contact on the density switch (BD) actuates the auxiliary relays (K9.Technical Information BLK Operating Mechanism Electrical Functions The principle function of the mechanism’s electrical components is shown in the elementary diagram on next page. halogen free cable can be provided. The antipumping relay (K3) blocks any remaining closing impulse after the breaker has completed a closing operation. The terminal blocks are the user’s interface to the control circuits and connect the internal wiring. Heater circuits Closing circuit The closing coil (Y3) can be activated electrically by means of local or remote control. (Entrelec M6/8. To ensure reliable operation at low temperatures the mechanism is provided with a thermostat-controlled heater unit (BT1. E2). As an option flameproof. Tripping circuits Terminal blocks The mechanism is provided with two independent trip coils (Y1 and Y2). given the following (remote) indications: • Topping up of SF6 gas is recommended (alarm level) • Density of the SF6 gas is too low (blocking level) • Indication of charged spring Internal wiring The cabling in the operating mechanism is normally carried out with PVC-insulated cables.5 mm2 for motor circuits. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. (Entrelec M4/6) As options the 6 mm2 terminals can be of the disconnectable type.5 mm2 for control and auxiliary circuits and 2. in climatic conditions with high humidity. Standard terminal blocks are compression type in which a bare wire end is compressed between two metallic plates in the terminal. which block the operating impulse if the density of the SF6 gas is too low. K10). When the circuit breaker is in closed position. the tripping circuits are interrupted by the auxiliary contact (BG). With the circuit breaker in the open position. 2008-05 L-3 . Alternatively. the mechanism can be provided with moisture detector. The mechanism can be operated electrically through local or remote control. The density of the SF6 gas and condition of the operating mechanism is monitored electrically.STA) All terminals can be protected with a transparent cover. Circuits for supply to motor and AC auxiliaries are normally connected to 6 mm2 through-terminals. The operating mechanism is provided with an anti-condensation heater. the closing circuit is interrupted by the auxiliary contact (BG). Dimensions are 1.

BLK Operating Mechanism

Technical Information

Electrical functions
Control circuits BD BG BT1 BW E E1 E2 F1 F1.A-C F2 K3 K9, K10 K11
Signal contact of density switch Auxiliary contact Thermostat Limit switch Heater Heater Heater Direct-on-line motor starter (MCB) Direct-on-line motorstarter (MCB) Miniature circuit breaker, AC auxiliary circuit Anti-pumping relay Interlocking relay, trip Interlocking relay, close X X X X X X X X X X X

BLK
X X X X

CCC

Control circuits K12 K13 M Q1
Auxiliary relay (spring uncharged) Auxiliary relay (spring charged) Motor Contactor Contactor Control switch (trip/close) Selector switch (pole select) Selector switch (local/remote/disconn.) Tripping coil Closing coil Blocking contact (Hand crank adapted) Signal relay, low gas

BLK
X X X X

CCC

X

Q1.A-C S1 S3 S4 Y1, Y2 Y3 Y7 K25

X X X X X X X X X X

NOTE! CCC = Central Control Cubicle is only applicable on single-pole operated circuit breakers.
CLOSE TRIP 1 TRIP 2

S1 S4 BD K3 K3 K9 K13 BG Y3 BG Y1 BG Y7 Q1 BG Y2 K10 BG K12
BW2 BW1

BD

SIGNALS

MOTOR

HEATER

Circuit diagram shows operating mechanism when circuit breaker is in normal service condition, i.e. pressurized, closing spring charged, in closed position, in motor charging position, and with selector switch in remote position.

-/N BD K9 K10 F1 S4 S1 Q1
M

+/L F2

N

L

BT1

BG

K12 K13 K25

E1

E2

Y7

N = Neutral L = Live

BLK Circuit Diagram
L-4
Edition 4, 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide

Technical Information

BLK Operating Mechanism

CONTROL CIRCUITS

-

SIGNALS

MOTOR N = Neutral L = Live Fine line shows Central Control Cubicle

HEATER

Circuit diagram shows operating mechanism when circuit breaker is in normal service condition, i.e. pressurized, closing spring charged, in closed position, in motor charging position, and with selector switch in remote position.

Circuit diagram shows three operating mechanisms BLK with one control cubicle.

Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide

Edition 4, 2008-05

L-5

BLK Operating Mechanism

Technical Information

Technical Data
Motor
Universal motor*) for 110 - 125 or 220 - 250V, AC or DC
Rated voltage Starting current peak value (max) Normal Current at DC (approximately)

V 110 220

A 60 ** 30 **

A 16 8

*) Please note that the motor contactor is either AC or DC type. **) Depending on power source.

Power consumption (approximately) Spring charging time

900W ≤ 15 s

Operating coils
Operating coils Rated voltage V (DC) Closing Tripping 110 - 125 220 - 250 110 - 125 220 - 250 Power consumption (approximately) W 200 200

Auxiliary contacts
Rated voltage Rated current Making current Breaking current DC L/R = 40 ms V 110 220 A 25 25 A 20 10 A 4 2 AC Cos ϕ = 0.95 A 25 25

The operating mechanism normally includes 8 NO and 8 NC spare auxiliary contacts.

Heating elements
Rated voltage Power consumption Continuously connected BLK V 110 - 127 220 - 254 W 70 70 CCC W 140 140 Thermostatically controlled BLK/CCC W 140 140

The voltage range for motor, control and auxiliaries fulfills the requirements according to IEC and ANSI C37 standards. Other ratings for motor, coils, auxiliary contacts and heating elements can be provided.

L-6

Edition 4, 2008-05

Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide

Technical Information

BLK Operating Mechanism

Design Data
BLK Dimensions (mm) Weight (kg) Material of housing Thickness (mm) Color Temperature range (°C) Degree of protection Terminal blocks Cable entry flange (mm) Earthing clamp Internal cable 640 x 770 x 880 205 Aluminium 2 Grey, RAL 7032 -55 to +40 As per IEC 60529: IP55 Supply, control, motor and AC circuits through 6 mm2 block. Signal circuits through 4 mm2 block Size FL 33: 102 x 306 For conductors with maximum 13 mm diameter 1.5 mm2 PVC insulated cable CCC 850 x 1015 x 497 195

Fig. 1. BLK
Front View
Lifting Beams

Fig. 2. Earthing Clamp

Spring Indication

Fig. 3. Cable Entry Flange (FL 33)

See fig. 2

Counter

Bottom View

See fig. 2

Lifting Beams See fig. 3

Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide

Edition 4, 2008-05

L-7

Recommended spare parts for BLK Tests The BLK mechanism has together with the corresponding circuit breaker. switching capacitor. passed type tests in accordance with applicable IEC and ANSI standards. Applicable for circuit breakers for frequent switching duty.or reactor-banks. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .g. e. • Catchgear with closing coil (or separate coil) • Catchgear with tripping coils (or separate coil) • Heater • Motor contactor • Auxiliary relays L-8 Edition 4. Fortress or Kirk) • Extra closing coil • Lockable operating switches • Protective cover for terminal block Mechanical life tests have been performed with 10.BLK Operating Mechanism Technical Information Design Data Optional equipment • Manual mechanical trip push-button - Inside or outside cubicle • Additional auxiliary contacts - 6 NO + 6 NC • Trip circuit supervision • Internal light with door switch • Socket outlet • Position indicating lights • Extra heater with MCB - Moisture detector control • Provision for key interlock (Castell. Before delivery each operating mechanism together with the corresponding circuit breaker has to pass routine tests according to current standards. For each circuit breaker together with its operating mechanism a routine test report is issued showing the actual test result.000 operations.

Mechanical life tests have been performed with 10. from polar to desert climate.000 operations.Technical Information BLG Operating Mechanism Spring Operating Mechanism type BLG The design of BLG is a well-proven technology (Over 50.000 units are in service). Brief performance data Installation Design For circuit breaker Outdoor Spring operated LTB E1 (Three-pole operated) LTB E2 LTB E4 HPL B -55 °C to +40 °C (Other on request) Service conditions: Ambient temperature Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. 2008-05 M-1 . This ensures a high degree of total reliability for the circuit breaker and a minimal need of maintenance. This proven technology is efficiently combined with modern manufacturing methods. BLG is the answer to the demands of today and tomorrow and designed for widely shifting conditions.

Maintenance Rating plates The maintenance requirements are small. contact ABB for advice. This ensures a continued problem-free operation. as BLG is designed for a service life of more than 30 years. Overhaul and repair work must be performed by authorized personnel only. The disposal should be carried out in accordance with local legal provisions. Instructions.BLG Operating Mechanism Technical Information Spring Operating Mechanism type BLG Material The housing is made of corrosion resistant. Normally it is sufficient with ocular inspection every 1-2 years. the box should be opened to promote the exchange of air and the internal heater should be used to prevent condensation. Slings must not be placed around the cabinet when lifting. painted aluminum. In the event of any material missing or damage to the goods. Instructions With each delivery of circuit breakers. Tools Special tools for assembling and service are placed on the backside of the rear door.000 operations. The doors and walls are insulated for low heat energy consumption and low noise level. which includes data for the circuit breaker. Arrival inspection . The metals used in BLG can be recycled. is placed on the side of the cabinet. product manual. M-2 Edition 4. Any damage should be documented (photographed). A more detailed check is recommended after 30 years of service or 10. When stored outdoors. All packing material can be recycled. there is an extensive product manual that will guide the user how to handle the apparatus during its lifetime.Unpacking Please check the contents and packaging with regard to transport damage immediately on arrival. before further handling of the goods takes place.000 operations. Front and back doors are equipped with doorstops and pad lock provisions on door handles. Disposal Transport BLG is normally packed and transported in a separate seaworthy wooden box. A rating plate. The rating plate is made of stainless steel with engraved text. The instructions in the manual for operation and maintenance should be observed. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . The operating mechanism must be lifted using the lifting eyes on top of the cabinet. Preventive inspection is recommended after 15 years or 5. Storage The operating mechanism shall preferably be stored indoors in a dry building. circuit diagram and other documents are placed in a compartment inside the back door of the operating mechanism.

STA) The signal circuits are connected to 4 mm2 through-terminals. The mechanism can be operated electrically through local or remote control. the closing circuit is interrupted by the auxiliary contact (BG). motor and AC auxiliaries are normally connected to 6 mm2 disconnectable terminals. Interlocks The contact on the density switch (BD) actuates the auxiliary relays (K9. Alternatively. To ensure reliable operation at low temperatures the mechanism is provided with a thermostat-controlled heater unit (BT1. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. The terminal blocks are the user’s interface to the control circuits and connect the internal wiring. The density of the SF6 gas and condition of the operating mechanism is monitored electrically.Technical Information BLG Operating Mechanism Electrical Functions The principle function of the mechanism’s electrical components is shown in the elementary diagram on next page. in climatic conditions with high humidity. halogen free cable can be provided. 2008-05 M-3 . Heater circuits The operating mechanism is provided with an anti-condensation heater. As an option flameproof. When the circuit breaker is in closed position. Closing circuit The closing coil (Y3) can be activated electrically by means of local or remote control. the tripping circuits are interrupted by the auxiliary contact (BG).and auxiliary-circuits.5 mm2 for control.5 mm2 for motorcircuits and 1. given the following (remote) indications: • Topping up of SF6 gas is recommended (alarm level) • Density of the SF6 gas is too low (blocking level) • Direct-on-line motor starter switched off • Indication of charged springs Internal wiring The cabling in the operating mechanism is normally carried out with PVC-insulated cables. (Entrelec M4/6) All terminals can be protected with a transparent cover. (Entrelec M6/8. The antipumping relay (K3) blocks any remaining closing impulse after the breaker has completed a closing operation. With the circuit breaker in the open position. Terminal blocks Tripping circuits The mechanism is provided with two independent trip coils (Y1 and Y2). The dimensions are 2. Standard terminal blocks are compression type in which a bare wire end is compressed between two metallic plates in the terminal. E2). which block the operating impulse if the density of the SF6 gas is too low. K10). Circuits for supply to contol. the mechanism can be provided with moisture detector.

BLG Operating Mechanism Technical Information Electrical Functions Control circuits BD BG BT1 BW E1. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .1 Q1 M. and with selector switch in remote position. Y2 Y3 Y7 Signal relay. low gas Motor Switch.1 M K25 Y7 Y7 N = Neutral L = Live BLG circuit diagram M-4 Edition 4. close CLOSE TRIP 1 TRIP 2 Control circuits K25 M.1 F2 K3 K9. in closed position. in motor charging position. F1. BG BW Q1. trip. E2 F1. trip/close Selector switch (local/remote/disconn. K3 BG K9 K3 BW BG Y3 SIGNALS K10 BG Y1 MOTOR BG Y2 HEATER -/N BD K9 K10 F1. AC auxiliary circuit Anti-pumping relay Interlocking relay. M. closing spring charged.1 Contactor SPO = Single-pole operated TPO = Three-pole operated SPO S4 TPO BD BD S1 Two motors are used in the BLG when larger spring energy is required.1 +/L N F2 L S4 S1 BT1 Y7 BW E1 E2 Circuit diagram shows operating mechanism when circuit breaker is in normal service condition. pressurized. i.e.) Tripping coil Closing coil Blocking contact (Hand crank adapted) Q1. Q1.1 S1 S4 Y1. K10 Signal contact of density switch Auxiliary contact Thermostat Limit switch Heater Direct-on-line motor starter (MCB) Miniature circuit breaker.

30 ** Normal current at DC (approximately) A 12 .125 220 . Spring charging time ≤ 15 s Operating coils Operating coils Rated voltage V (DC) Closing Tripping 110 . 2008-05 M-5 .1 s is in general 3 times charge current. Peak value during first 0.250 Power consumption (approximately) W 200 200 Auxiliary contacts Rated voltage Rated current Making current Breaking current DC L/R = 40 ms V 110 220 A 25 25 A 20 10 A 4 2 AC Cos ϕ = 0. Depending on power source. control and auxiliaries fulfills the requirements according to IEC and ANSI C37 standards.250V.45 ** 10 . If TCS is provided the operating mechanism normally includes 9 NO and 9 NC spare auxiliary contacts.250 110 . Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. coils.15 *** * **) ) Please note that the motor contactor is either AC or DC type. Heating elements Rated voltage V (AC) 110 .125 or 220 .Technical Information BLG Operating Mechanism Technical Data Motor Universal motor*) for 110 . AC or DC Rated voltage V 110 220 Starting current peak value (max) A 20 .125 220 . auxiliary contacts and heating elements can be provided. Other ratings for motor.95 A 25 25 The operating mechanism normally includes 9 NO and 11 NC spare auxilliary contacts. ***) Depending on spring setup.254 Power consumption -40 °C Continuosly connected W 70 70 Thermostatically controlled W 140 * 140 * *) 2 x 140 W for -55 ºC The voltage range for motor.127 220 .30 *** 6 .

BLG Front View SIDE Side View VIEW 845 96 14x20 16. RAL 7032 -55 to +40 As per IEC 60529: IP55 Supply. Signal circuits through 4 mm2 block. motor and AC circuits.5 mm2 PVC-insulated cable.BLG Operating Mechanism Technical Information Design Data Dimensions (mm) Weight (kg) Material of housing Thickness (mm) Color Temperature range (°C) Degree of protection Terminal blocks Cable connection Earthing clamp Internal cable 682 x 760 x 1747 465 Aluminium 2 Grey.5x30 136 102. disconnectable 6 mm2 block.5 102 1522 450 28 231 353 Bottom View 59 760 Cable Entry Flange (FL 33) 760 80 D=9 80 100 295 R603 292 M-6 Edition 4. Size FL 33: 102 x 306 For conductors with maximum 13 mm diameter Motor circuits 2. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . Otherwise 1.5 mm2 PVC-insulated cable.

Applicable for circuit breakers for frequent switching duty. Recommended spare parts for BLG Tests The BLG mechanism has together with the corresponding circuit breaker.000 operations. passed type tests in accordance with applicable IEC and ANSI standards. • Catchgear with closing coil (or separate coil) • Catchgear with tripping coils (or separate coil) • Heater • Motor with driving unit • Motor contactor • Auxiliary relays Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.or reactor-banks.Technical Information BLG Operating Mechanism Design Data Optional equipment • Manual mechanical trip push-button - Inside or outside cubicle • Additional auxiliary contacts - 6 NO + 6 NC • Trip circuit supervision • Internal light with door switch • Socket outlet • Position indicating lights • Extra heater - Moisture detector control • Provision for key interlock (Castell. e. 2008-05 M-7 . Fortress or Kirk) • Extra closing coil • Lockable operating switches • Protective cover for terminal block Before delivery each operating mechanism together with the corresponding circuit breaker has to pass routine tests according to current standards. switching capacitor. Mechanical life tests have been performed with 10.g. For each circuit breaker together with its operating mechanism a routine test report is issued showing the actual test result.

2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .M-8 Edition 4.

Mechanical life tests have been performed with 10. Brief performance data Installation Design For circuit breaker Service conditions: Ambient temperature Outdoor Spring operated ED LTB D1 -55 °C to +40 °C (Other on request) Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. 2008-05 N-1 . from polar to desert climate. This ensures a high degree of total reliability for the circuit breaker and a minimal need of maintenance.000 operations.Technical Information FSA1 Operating Mechanism Spring Operating Mechanism type FSA1 The design of FSA1 is a well-proven technology (Thousands of units are in service). This proven technology is efficiently combined with modern manufacturing methods. FSA1 is the answer to the demands of today and tomorrow and designed for widely shifting conditions.

which includes data for the circuit breaker. Storage Rating plates The operating mechanism shall preferably be stored indoors in a dry building. A more detailed check is recommended after 30 years of service or 10. A rating plate. there is an extensive product manual that will guide the user how to handle the apparatus during its lifetime. painted aluminum.000 operations. Instructions With each delivery of circuit breakers. N-2 Edition 4. Normally it is sufficient with ocular inspection every 1-2 years. Any damage should be documented (photographed). Preventive inspection is recommended after 15 years or 5. Transport FSA1 is packed assembled on polebeam or in separate box. before further handling of the goods takes place. product manual. Instructions. The instructions in the manual for operation and maintenance should be observed. All packing material can be recycled.unpacking Please check the contents and packaging with regard to transport damage immediately on arrival. This ensures a continued problem-free operation. circuit diagram and other documents are placed in a compartment inside the front door of the operating mechanism. When stored outdoors the internal heater should be used to prevent condensation. Arrival inspection . If it is planned to store the unit. The doors are equipped with doorstops and pad lock provisions on door handles. Overhaul and repair work must be performed by authorized personnel only. In the event of any material missing or damage to the goods. is placed on the front door.000 operations. Tools Special tools for assembling and service are placed on the backside of the front door. The metals used in FSA1 can be recycled. Both alternatives in sea worthy wooden boxes for transport.FSA1 Operating Mechanism Technical Information Spring Operating Mechanism type FSA1 Material The housing is made of corrosion resistant. contact ABB for advice. Maintenance The maintenance requirements are small. as FSA1 is designed for a service life of more than 30 years. Disposal The disposal should be carried out in accordance with local legal provisions. If the FSA1 is packed separately the operating mechanism must be lifted using the lifting eyes on top of the cabinet. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . Slings must not be placed around the cabinet when lifting. The rating plate is made of stainless steel with engraved text. an external connection to the internal heater is provided.

Technical Information FSA1 Operating Mechanism Electrical Functions The principle function of the mechanism’s electrical components is shown in the elementary diagram on next page. With the circuit breaker in the open position. To ensure reliable operation at low temperatures the mechanism is provided with a thermostat-controlled heater unit (BT1. (Entrelec M4/6) All terminals can be protected with a transparent cover. The mechanism can be operated electrically through local or remote control. K11). The terminal blocks are the user’s interface to the control circuits and connect the internal wiring. Heater circuits The operating mechanism is provided with an anti-condensation heater. This solution is sometimes referred to as master-slave solution. which block the operating impulse if the density of the SF6 gas is too low. Interlocks The contact on the density switch (BD) actuates the auxiliary relays (K9. The cabling from the CCC out to the operating mechanisms are as standard assembled and tested together with the circuit breaker in the factory. The antipumping relay (K3) blocks any remaining closing impulse after the breaker has completed a closing operation. The density of the SF6 gas and condition of the operating mechanism is monitored electrically. Circuits for supply to motor and AC auxiliaries are normally connected to 6 mm2 disconnectable terminals. halogen free cable can be provided. given the following (remote) indications: • Topping up of SF6 gas is recommended (alarm level) • Density of the SF6 gas is too low (blocking level) • Direct-on-line motor starter switched off • Indication of charged springs Combined CCC and operating mechansim for single-pole operation with FSA1 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. The cabling in the operating mechanism is normally carried out with PVC-insulated 1. the closing circuit is interrupted by the auxiliary contact (BG). (Entrelec M6/8. Standard terminal blocks are compression type in which a bare wire end is compressed between two metallic plates in the terminal.5 mm2 cables.STA) The signal circuits are connected to 4 mm2 through-terminals. When the circuit breaker is in closed position. This gives an optimized solution. The single-pole operated LTB D with FSA1 has a CCC that is integrated with the B-phase operating mechanism. CCC. Central control cubicle. the tripping circuits are interrupted by the auxiliary contact (BG). 2008-05 N-3 . As an option flameproof. E2). Internal wiring Tripping circuits The mechanism is provided with two independent trip coils (Y1 and Y2). CCC Local operation and connections from the control room are made at the central control cubicle. K10. Terminal blocks Closing circuit The closing coil (Y3) can be activated electrically by means of local or remote control. that saves time for cabling and installation work at site.

trip Interlocking relay.A-C F2 K3 K9. Motor circuit Standard -/N +/L -/N +/L -/N +/L AC Auxiliary circuit Standard N L F2 F1 BT1 E1/E2 BW1 M -/~ (A) N-4 M -/~ B M -/~ (C) Edition 4. closing springs uncharged. close Auxiliary relay Motor Control switch Selector switch Selector switch Tripping coil Closing coil Circuits Signal contact of density switch in trip and close circuit Interrupting contact. K10 K11 K25 M1 S1 S3 S4 Y1. not pressurised. Y2 Y3 Discription Density switch Auxiliary contact Thermostat Limit switch Heater Miniature circuit breaker (MCB) Miniature circuit breaker (MCB) Anti-pumping relay Interlocking relay.FSA1 Operating Mechanism Technical Information Electrical Functions Control BD BG BT1 BW E1. E2 F1. no power supply connected and selector switch in position LOCAL. Motor circuit AC auxiliary circuit Close circuit Trip circuit Close circuit Gas supervision. At three-pole operation only the circuits marked with B are used. Alarm signal Motor circuit Close and trip circuit Close circuit Close and trip circuit Trip circuit Close circuit Circuit diagrams shows operating mechanism when circuit breaker is in “off” position. Electrical functions for single-pole operation is shown. close and trip circuit AC auxiliary circuit Signal contact AC auxiliary circuit Direct on-line motor starter. 2008-05 (A) B (C) Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .

Technical Information FSA1 Operating Mechanism Electrical Functions Close circuit Standard C+ + - Signals Standard BG S1 BW S4 S1 K11 K3 S3 R LD (S3) BW1 BG1 (A) B (C) S4 K9 K10 K11 K25 Y3 F1.B F1. 2008-05 N-5 .A F1.C F2 (A) B (C) Trip circuit 1 Standard TCS T1+ + - Trip circuit 2 Standard TCS T2+ + - BD1 S1 BD1 S4 S4 K25 K11 K9 K10 BG1 Y1 BG1 Y2 (A) B (C) (A) B (C) Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.

Spring charging time ≤ 15 s Operating coils Operating coils Rated voltage V (DC) Closing Tripping 110 . **) Depending on spring setup. N-6 Edition 4.95 A 25 25 The operating mechanism normally includes 7 NO and 7 NC spare auxilliary contacts. Heating elements Rated voltage V (AC) 110-127 220-254 Power consumption Continuosly connected W 70 70 Thermostatically controlled W 140 140 The voltage range for motor. control and auxiliaries fulfills the requirements according to IEC and ANSI C37 standards.250 110 .125 220 .125 or 220 .250V.FSA1 Operating Mechanism Technical Information Technical Data Motor Universal motor for 110 . 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . AC or DC Rated voltage V 110 220 Starting current peak value (max) A 20 * 10 * Normal current at DC (approximately) A 8 ** 4.5 ** *) Depending on power source.250 Power consumption (approximately) W 500 500 Auxiliary contacts Rated voltage Rated current Making current Breaking current DC L/R = 40 ms V 110 220 A 25 25 A 20 10 A 4 2 AC Cos ϕ = 0.125 220 .

Technical Information

FSA1 Operating Mechanism

Design Data
Dimensions (mm) Single-pole operated Three-pole operated Weight (kg) Single-pole operated Three-pole operated Material of housing Thickness (mm) Color Temperature range (°C) Degree of protection Terminal blocks Cable connection Single-pole operated master Three-pole operated Earthing clamp Internal cable 2 x (218 x 76) 2 x (180 x 80) For conductors with maximum 13 mm diameter 1.5 mm2 PVC-insulated cable. Master: 177, Slave 142 150 Aluminium 2 Grey, RAL 7035 -55 to +40 (Other on request) As per IEC 60529: IP55 Supply, motor and AC circuits, disconnectable 6 mm2 block. Signal circuits through 4 mm2 block. Master: 770 x 575 x 1473, Slave: 595 x 453 x 1023 701 x 605 x 1022

Optional equipment

• Manual mechanical trip - Inside cubicle • Trip circuit supervision • Internal light with door switch • Socket outlet • Position indicating lights • Extra closing coil • Lockable operating switches • Protective cover for terminal block • Under voltage relay • Pole discrepancy

Before delivery each operating mechanism together with the corresponding circuit breaker has to pass routine tests according to current standards. For each circuit breaker together with its operating mechanism a routine test report is issued showing the actual test result.

Recommended spare parts for FSA1

Tests

The FSA1 mechanism has together with the corresponding circuit breaker, passed type tests in accordance with applicable IEC and ANSI standards. Mechanical life tests have been performed with 10,000 operations.

Applicable for circuit breakers for frequent switching duty, e.g. switching capacitor- or reactor-banks. • Catchgear with closing coil (or separate coil) • Catchgear with tripping coils (or separate coil) • Heater • Motor with driving unit • Auxiliary relays • Limit switches

Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide

Edition 4, 2008-05

N-7

FSA1 Operating Mechanism

Technical Information

Design Data, Single-pole operated
Front View 224 320 80 199 Side View 576 234

1448

Central Control Cubicle (Master)

25 15 680 764 Bottom View 770

1368

96 42 455

96

Front View 533 595 320 80

Side View 453 75 234

110 76 (2x)

218 (2x)

1023

A-, C-phase operating mechanism (Slave)
25 547 Bottom View 10 375

N-8

Edition 4, 2008-05

Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide

918

Technical Information

FSA1 Operating Mechanism

Design Data, Three-pole operated
Front View Side View 605 182 320 80 19 75 234

25 636 Bottom View 701 684 180 (2x)

917

35

20 477

Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide

80 (2x)

555

1022

Edition 4, 2008-05

N-9

• Low operation forces • Simple installation without adjustment • Advanced self-monitoring system • Only one (1) moving part in the drive • Low stable power consumption • Extremely low noise level Brief performance data Installation Design For circuit breaker Service conditions: Ambient temperature Outdoor/Indoor Digitally controlled motor At present available for: LTB D -50 to +40 °C (Operation in other temperatures on request) O-1 Edition 4.000 operations or 30 years of service with minimum inspection and maintenance.MD Motor Drive Operating Mechanism Technical Information Motor Operated Mechanism type Motor Drive™ Focusing on our customers’ needs for the new millennium ABB introduces a revolutionary new solution for operation of high voltage circuit breakers: Motor Drive™. 10. Motor Drive™ sets new standards in circuit breaker technology and function. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . Increased operational endurance.

CO . then 3 mA Dimensions Control cubicle Dimension (mm) Weight (kg) Thickness Color 885 x 1345 x 787 190 2 mm aluminium Grey (RAL 7032) -50 °C to +40 °C As per IEC 60529: IP55 Supply. two flanges 2 x (102 x 306) For conductor with max. Breaking current (A) 0.Technical Information MD Motor Drive Operating Mechanism Technical Data Power supply Input 1 and 2 Rated voltage (V) 1) Heating element Power consumption Rated voltage (V.CO CO . control and AC-circuits isolatable 6 mm2 block.35 Temperature range Degree of protection Terminal blocks Cable-entry flange (mm) Earthing clamp Internal cable Testing The motor drive has successfully passed the following type tests Serial communication port Output Fibre output Connector type ST Compatible optical fibre 62.45 0. Test voltage 1 min. 550 W < 60 s. the change to secondary supply (supply 2) is automatically done without interruption. For each circuit breaker a routine test report is issued showing the actual test result.CO Closing times Rated operating sequence Control circuits Control circuit Close input Trip input Others Rated voltage (V DC) 110 220 on request 110 220 on request 110 220 on request Current or power 160 mA during the first 3 ms. rated current (A) Indication closed position Indication open position Indication circuit breaker fault Others 16 16 16 16 Breaking capacity Resistive load (V DC) 110 250 110 250 110 250 110 250 Max.000 operations. Size FL33.0. AC/DC) 110 . Signal circuits through 4 mm2 block.35 0. then 3 mA 160 mA during the first 3 ms.3 min . Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.15 s . 350 W < 100 W Operating times Opening times 22 ms 45 ms O .35 0. Before delivery each motor drive has to pass routine tests conforming to current standards.240 V AC (70% — 110%) 1) There is one supply which has priority (supply 1) which will be used if it is present. 2008-05 O-2 .45 0. then 3 mA 160 mA during the first 3 ms. 50 Hz Circuit Voltage supply Control circuits Outputs Heating element Voltage (kV) 2 2 2 2 Maximum power required at rated supply voltage During startup of the system On-line without operations During and immediately following a single operation < 10s < 400 W < 100 ms.45 0. High/Low temperature and power according IEC and ANSI EMC according IEC and EN Mechanical life tests have been performed with 10.3 s .250 V DC (70% — 110%) 220 .230 Thermostatically controlled Placed in Control cubicle 2 x 100 W (at 20°C) 110 . 13 mm diameter 1. 820 nm Mechanical.45 0.5/125 µm nom.35 0.5 mm2 PVC insulated cable Outputs Output Nom.

800 kV HPL 72. The patented helical extrusion moulded silicone rubber insulator without joints (chemical bonds between spirals) is attached to the tube by the spiral winding process. Glass fiber reinforced epoxy tube | 3. developed by ABB. Applications Composite insulators are used for the following types of ABB live tank circuit breakers: LTB 72.000 h) UV radiation tests Natural pollution test On circuit breaker Seismic test Overpressure test Shatter test Dielectric test Short-time current test High and low temperature test Composite insulators with silicone rubber sheds (SIR) offer many advantages over traditional porcelain insulators: Non-brittle • Lower transport and handling risk • Lower in-service risks • Low risk for damages by vandalism Low weight • Easier handling • Reduced foundation loads • Excellent seismic withstand Hydrophobic • Less maintenance • Suppressed leakage currents LTB Circuit Breaker with composite insulator. Silicone rubber shed P-1 Edition 4. Liner | 4.5 . Demands on insulators used for gas insulated live tank circuit breakers are high with respect to mechanical loads as well as electrical stresses. Color The (SIR) insulators for the circuit breakers are delivered in light gray color. Metal flange | 2. joined to metal end flanges. Use of composite insulators provides new possibilities for substation designers to improve safety and availability. The glass fibers on the inner surface of the hollow insulator are protected against the influence of the SF6 decomposition products by a liner of epoxy. Main parts of ABB´s composite insulator: 1. The insulator shall also withstand the decomposed SF6 gas and the heat developed during current interruption. instrument transformers and circuit breakers with high performance and robust composite insulation as an alternative to porcelain.5 .Composite Insulators Technical Information Composite Insulators ABB has developed a full range of high voltage equipment including surge arresters. Demands on composite insulator 1 2 3 4 ABB manufacturing techniques The supporting part of the insulator consists of a cross-laminated fiberglass reinforced epoxy tube. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . reinforced with polyester fibers. It minimizes electrical field concentrations and reduces build up of contamination.800 kV General Completed tests performed On insulator Accelerated ageing test (1.

ABB has a long list of field references worldwide. In addition to extensive type tests conducted on its composite silicone rubber insulators. The non-wetting surface of a silicone rubber insulator Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. Stability when exposed to UV light Silicone rubber UV absorption wavelength is below those naturally occurring -over 300 nanometers. Deliveries Ageing withstand As a consequence of the hydrophobicity and the suppression of leakage currents. and a higher resistance against breakdown than other polymers like EPrubber and epoxies. Reference list can be presented on request. Composite insulators with silicone rubber sheds Because there is no need to compromise on safety and performance. verifying the expected high performance and reliability of the insulation system. This means that it has inherent UV stability. Non-hydrophobic materials like porcelain and EP-rubber do not possess this property and are therefore affected by pollution to a greater extent. Silicone rubber has the unique ability to maintain its hydrophobicity during the lifetime of the insulator. the discharge activity is negligible even in areas with severe pollution. ABB in Ludvika has delivered live tank circuit breakers with composite insulators for the most severe conditions.Technical Information Composite Insulators Silicone Rubber (SIR) Flashover resistant The chemical nature of silicone makes the insulator surface hydrophobic. from marine climate to desert and/or industrial polluted areas. The leakage currents are suppressed because the water on the surface stays as droplets and does not form a continuous film. 2008-05 P-2 .

sooner or later the switching instant will occur at the worst possible phase angle. for statistical reasons a few occasional restrikes may occur during the course of a large number of switching operations. Busbar VT Reference Voltage Input Command Circuit Breaker Output Command Switchsync Controller Capacitor Bank Suitable circuit breakers ABB live tank circuit breakers and disconnecting circuit breakers have spring operating mechanisms. the making instant in this case shall be at voltage zero. For good results. computers and processors. This risk of occasional restrikes may be eliminated by means of controlled opening operations. Induced transients may lead to a variety of disturbances. or telecommunications. Closing or opening commands to the circuit breaker are delayed in such a way that making or contact separation will occur at the optimum time instant related to the phase angle. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . in substation control and protection systems. e.Controlled Switching Technical Information Controlled Switching with SwitchsyncTM Suppression of Switching Transients Principle of Controlled Switching Controlled switching is a method for eliminating harmful transients via time controlled switching operations. or arresters are used to limit the magnitude and effect of the switching transients.high overvoltages. REFERENCE TIME INSTANT WAITING TIME + OPERATING TIME TARGET TIME There are several important circuit breaker applications where random closing or opening instants may lead to severe voltage and current switching transients. a motor drive is incorperated as an alternative. both energizing and de-energizing operations can be controlled with regard to the point-onwave position. and may cause gradual or immediate damage to the system or the equipment. or high inrush currents. and no harmful transients will be generated. reignitions will occur. These methods. Conventional countermeasures such as pre-insertion resistors. which vary only to a limited extent with factors such as ambient temperature and control voltage. All these circuit breakers have stable operating times. The magnitude of the transients depends on the point-on-wave where closing or opening of the circuit breaker contacts occur. may be inefficient. For simplicity. we recommend use of SwitchsyncTM controllers only with ABB’s SF6 live tank circuit breakers. for energizing of a capacitor bank. For some of the variants. These transients occur in the main circuits. The following example illustrates the general operating principle of a SwitchsyncTM controller. and appropriate limitation of the switching transients.g. after they have occurred. The switching transients are associated with a variety of dielectric and mechanical stresses on the high-voltage equipment. but may also induce transients in control and auxiliary circuits. system and equipment insulation may be upgraded to withstand the stresses. as well as in adjacent low voltage systems. resulting in steep voltage surges. only a single phase is considered. By means of SwitchsyncTM controllers. Normal energizing of shunt capacitors. unreliable or expensive. damping reactors or resistors. In order to avoid switching transients. shunt reactors and power transformers may cause severe transients . Q-1 Edition 4. under-voltages. In addition. Upon de-energizing of shunt reactors. however. and do not treat the root of the problem. In a situation without controlled switching. Even though a modern circuit breaker will have very low restrike probability at switching of capacitive loads or harmonic filters.

SwitchsyncTM will control each pole individually to make it close at the right time. + 6. Figure 3 shows by means of an example how efficiently controlled switching eliminates the harmful switching transients related to energizing of a capacitor bank. in special cases Edition 4. For capacitor banks with ungrounded neutral.8 ms at 60 Hz). b. In extreme cases. In case of a single-pole operated circuit breaker. Depending on the network configuration. If energized when the source voltage is high. Switching of Capacitor banks and Harmonic filters with a time separation of 1/6 cycle (3.System frequency . The minor time deviations from voltage zero across contacts. with only one operating mechanism. energizing occurs close to voltage zero. have been disregarded. a high voltage transient is generated. the three poles should close in succession Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Q-2 . the poles are mechanically adjusted (staggered) in order to close at the right instant. the inrush current may have high frequency and high amplitude. For capacitor banks with grounded neutral. Required time staggering for grounded shunt capacitor bank A discharged capacitor is similar to a momentary short-circuit when connected to a power source.2 ms at 60 Hz). Examples of making sequences for a 50 Hz shunt capacitor bank.50 or 60 Hz Opening of capacitor bank circuit breakers generally does not lead to any significant switching transients. With back-to-back capacitor banks. the voltage surge may cause dielectric breakdown somewhere in the high voltage network. Figure 3. The time differences depend on the application. and the last one 1/4 cycle later (5 ms at 50 Hz or 4. and no transient is generated.Technical Information Controlled Switching SwitchsyncTM circuit breaker controllers for shunt capacitor banks and harmonic filters are normally used for control of closing operations. At an unsuitable point-on-wave position. two poles should close simultaneously at phase . it may threaten the mechanical integrity of both the capacitor bank and circuit breaker. With Switchsync™ controller.3 ms 0 ms 0 ms 0 ms + 5 ms Required time staggering for ungrounded shunt capacitor bank Figure 4.7 ms + 3. the connection results in voltage and current transients that may cause serious problems. Voltage transients when energizing one phase of a 72 kV capacitor bank a. and low voltage equipment may suffer insulation damage or malfunction. Controlling the circuit breaker to energize a capacitive load at zero voltage across the contacts will eliminate harmful transients. the actual choice of staggering depends on: . 2008-05 In a normal three-phase situation. However.3 ms at 50 Hz or 2. For switching of a shunt capacitor bank or harmonic filter. For a three-pole operated circuit breaker.phase voltage zero. the three circuit breaker poles should close at different time instants.Connection of the neutral of the load grounded or ungrounded . The major reason is that the circuit breakers are designed to have very low risk of restrikes upon interruption of capacitive current. close to the power frequency voltage peak.

Controlled Switching Technical Information with severe conditions. and network disturbances by current harmonics. Switchsync™ E113 For both closing and opening. Shunt reactor circuit breakers are normally single-pole operated due to the high rated voltages. Switching of Power transformers Suitable Switchsync™ controllers for capacitor bank circuit breakers are: • Three-pole operated breaker: For only closing. There are basically three ways to operate the circuit breaker: Q-3 Edition 4. re-ignitions can be eliminated. The result is mechanical stress on the windings. with the highest stress on the initial turns. the SwitchsyncTM may be utilized in controlled opening of capacitor bank circuit breakers. interference on secondary circuits from high zero-sequence current. The switching case is similar to energizing of no-load transformers. causes high and slowly damped inrush currents. The making operation should be made at an appropriate time instant. Switchsync™ for shunt reactor breakers are normally used for control of the opening operations. • Single-pole operated circuit breaker: For only closing or for both closing and opening. The aim is then to eliminate the small statistical risk that a re-strike may still occur. There is a risk that the voltage stress will lead to puncture of the winding insulation in the reactor. Switchsync™ F236 Source voltage Steady-state magnetic flux Steady-state no-load current (a few Amperes) Figure 7. but it increases rapidly even with moderate asymmetry due to increasing core saturation. under consideration of the residual flux of the transformer core. Controlled de-energizing of a shunt reactor eliminates reignition transients. and the circuit breaker is controlled in such a manner that short arcing times are avoided. Uncontrolled de-energizing will cause re-ignition in at least one circuit breaker pole. and may cause high inrush and zero sequence current with associated electromechanical stresses. With controlled closing of the circuit breaker these phenomena are minimized. The very steep voltage transients caused by reignitions will be unevenly distributed across the reactor winding. Conditions with uncontrolled energizing of power transformer With symmetrical magnetic flux in the transformer core the current is small. Power transformer in steady state no-load conditions Several kA Figure 8. at unfortunate points-on-wave. Only a chopping overvoltage with moderate frequency remains. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . Switchsync™ F236 Switching of Shunt reactors Figure 5. Controlled closing of shunt reactor circuit breakers is also applied in several cases. The remaining voltage transient is a chopping overvoltage with relatively low frequency which is normally quite harmless. By controlling the contact separation to be sufficiently early before current zero. which in the long run may lead to complete breakdown. Insulation of nearby equipment may also be damaged. Uncontrolled de-energizing of a shunt reactor will cause steep reignition transient Figure 6. Switchsync™ E213 Switchsync™ for transformer circuit breakers are used for control of the closing operations. Controlled energizing makes the flux symmetrical from the start. Uncontrolled energizing. Suitable Switchsync™ controllers are: For only opening. Switchsync™ E113 For both opening and closing. in order to limit inrush currents.

However. When residual flux may be disregarded. is not recorded. For uncompensated lines. A suitable controller is Switchsync™ F236. i. A suitable controller is Switchsync™ L183. while the resulting residual flux is determined by integration of the transformer voltage. controlled switching of the circuit breakers may be arranged in two different ways: 1. and then often as part of a solution where surge arresters are also applied for optimal limitation of the switching overvoltages. This straight-forward method will limit the highest inrush current magnitudes even if there should be residual flux. however. the circuit breaker is controlled to make the current approximately when the instantaneous voltage in the substation is zero. This also improves the precision of the targeting process.e. Opening operations are performed at random. When closing. for rapid reclosing operations in situations when CVTs are used. the subsequent closing operation is then controlled in such a manner that the inrush current is minimized. under varying switching conditions and also works when opening operations occur in connection with faults in the system. The method is suitable for regular planned switching of transformers under no-load conditions. resulting from the opening operation. The initial magnitude of the trapped charge can be recorded by the CVTs. the residual flux may vary considerably from one operation to another and the actual controlled making operations will take place at varying time instants in relation to the supply (reference) voltage. The subsequent closing operation is then controlled in order to minimize the inrush current. especially when applied in combination with surge arresters. Trapped charge on the line. 3. A suitable controller is Switchsync™ F236. In this manner limitation of high overvoltages is achieved irrespective of the actual trapped charge. Based on the calculated residual flux. Circuit breakers at this voltage level are generally single-pole operated. A suitable controller is Switchsync E113. This is a straightforward method. controlled switching of the line circuit breakers is increasingly considered as an alternative. The voltage signals to the controller for this process may be taken from normal VTs or CVTs adjacent to the transformer. This solution is especially useful in situations when considerable trapped charge is to be expected.Technical Information Controlled Switching 1. In many cases the trapped charge will actually be zero or close to zero. The opening operations of the circuit breaker are controlled in order to achieve a defined and repeatable residual magnetic flux in the transformer core. and taken into consideration by the controlling device. In this mode of operation. A suitable controller is Switchsync™ T183. as this will be associated with lower pre-arcing stress of the circuit breaker at the subsequent closing operation. The method is mainly suitable for situations with unplanned operations. 2. The procedure is normally to interrupt the no-load current close to a natural zero passage. Switching of EHV lines The traditional method for limitation of switching overvoltages during closing or reclosing operations of unloaded EHV lines is to use circuit breakers equipped with closing resistors. if the line is equipped with magnetic voltage transformers. a higher value of residual flux is chosen. It is applicable in situations where the same circuit breaker will always perform the making and breaking operations. 2008-05 Q-4 . it is sufficient to control the closing operations. Since each pole needs to be controlled independently. This will be the case when sufficient time has elapsed from the opening operation. or even at rapid reclosing operations. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. based on this knowledge. Sometimes. 2. and often the resulting overvoltage level is acceptable. which results in minimum flux in the core. the method requires single-pole operation of the circuit breaker. More efficient limitation of the switching overvoltages is achieved when the trapped charge on the line is recorded.

connected in the same manner as for uncompensated line. the internally created waiting time will be modified for the next operation in such a way that the circuit breaker will be guided back to the intended target A typical arrangement for detection of current start is shown in Figure 9. The operating conditions that may cause changes of the circuit breaker operating times are. For single-pole operated circuit breakers. Example of shunt capacitor bank energizing with current start feedback loop. change of ambient temperature and variations of the auxiliary voltage. the voltage transformers connected to the line will provide correct voltage signals. Deviations from the intended targets may be caused by variations in the operating conditions. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . gradually increasing contact burn-off caused by many switching operations. All SwitchsyncTM controllers are equipped with special functions to control the result of a controlled switching operation. the adaptation control can be arranged for each pole individually. Reclosing may be set to occur slightly after phase-toground supply side voltage zero. Controlled switching requires use of singlepole operated line circuit breakers. due to the oscillating voltage shape on the line. If the circuit breaker should have a change in operating time from the value assumed by the SwitchsyncTM controller. In the case of three-pole operated circuit breakers with mechanical staggering. the interaction between line capacitance and reactor inductance will lead to voltage oscillations of the healthy phases after interruption. Busbar Feedback Signal Adaptation control VT Input Command Circuit Breaker Output Command Switchsync Controller Capacitor Bank Figure 9. only one pole will be supervised. The adaptation control can be arranged in different ways and for both controlled closing and controlled opening. then the adaptation feedback signal from a sensor or transducer will appear either slightly later or earlier than expected. for example. In this case. Q-5 Edition 4. The other two poles are mechanically linked to the controlled one.Controlled Switching Technical Information Controlled Switching with SwitchsyncTM For shunt compensated lines. The functioning principle of the adaptation control is that a detected error from the target will be compensated for in the next controlled operation. A suitable controller is the Switchsync™ F236. When an error has been observed by the controller.

Technical Information Controlled Switching Range of SwitchsyncTM controllers The Family of SwitchsyncTM controllers consists of: Switchsync™ controller E113 E213 F236 T183 L183 Main application Shunt Capacitor Banks. Switchsync™ T183 controller More information Further information about controlled switching applications and Switchsync™ controllers is found in “Controlled Switching. Type designation The type designation of a Switchsync™ controller gives information about its functionality. 2008-05 Q-6 . Switchsync™ L183 controller Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. and L183 have provisions for two external. Figure 12. Switchsync™ F236 and E113 controllers Number of command inputs (open or close) Number of adaptive channels Number of command outputs to controlled circuit breaker Figure 11. Buyer’s Guide/Appplication Guide”. In addition. Catalogue publication 1HSM 9543 22-01en. They also have a data memory that stores information on switching times. predictive inputs (e. Switchsync™ F236. while the subsequent numbers provide the following information: Figure 10. Sensors for compensation purposes and communication software for all controllers except E-models are accessories that are ordered separately. These functions make it possible to achieve added precision in the timing of the controlled circuit breaker. Shunt Reactors Shunt Capacitor Banks Shunt Capacitor Banks. The letter is a generation and application identification. thus permitting condition monitoring of the circuit breaker. control voltage). Shunt Reactors. temperature variation.g. T183. Transformers Transformers Uncompensated Transmission Lines Controls circuit breaker operation Open or Close Open and Close Open and Close Close Close Circuit breaker operation Three-pole Three-pole Single-pole Single-pole Single-pole All controllers have provisions for adaptive input to compensate for systematic variations in operating time of the circuit breaker.

The electronic circuit is fitted into an EMC shielded aluminum profile housing.Monitoring Technical Information On-Line Monitoring System OLM2 The OLM2 monitor is a measuring data acquisition unit optimized for on-line analysis of high-voltage circuit breakers. the data analysis and supervision tool. an input to the motor of the operating mechanism or an alarm. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . Phase currents can be measured as an option to determine the contact erosion. coil currents. To fully use the flexibility of the OLM System. External systems. a data storage device (server computer) is required at the substation level. contact travel (giving information about speed. SF6-density. The OLM2 units have their own internal watchdog with alarm function. The stored data is then transferred to the server computer and is then accessible for remote analysis using the OLM Explorer software. Communication to and from the monitoring units within a substation is done using an OLM-bus (a modified RS 485 bus). With this software a detailed analysis of all circuit breaker parameters is possible including trend analysis. Most internal functions can be modified by firmware or software changes. used for installation of the individual units • OLM Server. which means that it can easily be adapted to any type of equipment. For each operation of the circuit breaker a complete image of the recorded parameters is stored into the unit. Another option is using optic fiber. From the server computer in the substation to the location where detailed analysis is performed. including local time and temperature (ambient and inside operating mechanism). The OLM2 units have a limited data storage capacity. • OLM Explorer. such as SCADA can easily make use of the data obtained through the OLM. The following parameters may be monitored: operating times. motor current including spring charging time. data can be transmitted using any existing communication means supported by Windows®. overtravel and damping). The OLM Explorer software also hosts a server engine that communicates with server computers. The software provided together with the OLM consists of three parts: • OLM Installer. Data acquisition starts when an OLM2 is triggered by either a coil input (trip or close). this requires optical modems at both ends. using a twisted pair shielded cable suitable for RS 485. used for communication with the individual OLM2 units on a bus and the server computer (usually a PC) in the substation. Design An OLM2 unit consists of a signal processor with programmable logic. The aluminum housing has screw terminals for all external connections. Example of the presentation of the motor current R-1 Edition 4.

Contact stroke and contact position. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. with trend analysis. From the function categories the following parameters are derived and supervised: Operating times Operating speeds Coil armature time Coil peak current Damping time Overtravel and rebound Counters recording the number of operations and number of motor operations. Internal temperature of the operating mechanism. Ambient temperature. operation current and time Operating times Time between operations Monitoring equipment functions (watchdog) Storage capacity OLM2-unit: Last 32 alarm status records Last 8 contact status records Last 16 motor operation records Monitored function categories through OLM Explorer: Status signals (circuit breaker open or closed) Closing operation Opening operation Close-open operation Motor operation The software is delivered with the OLM System and it contains a feature for automatic update of the software free of charge. Contact wear (optional).Technical Information Monitoring Example of the presentation of different parameters Monitored data OLM2-unit: Internal temperature Power supply voltage and current Coil circuit and operating currents Motor circuit. Power supply voltages and currents (OLM2 unit and heaters). SF6 density. 2008-05 R-2 . Motor peak current and spring charging time.

one for measurement of close coil current and one for measurement of trip coil current. 1.3. 1.1 Hardware 1. through a serial RS 232 port or through a USB port.1.6 SF6 density sensor One or three SF6 density sensors depending on whether the circuit breaker is three-pole or single-pole operated. 1.2 Server computer Necessary for storage of data retrieved from OLM units. 2. Alternative: optical fiber (requires optical modems at both ends).1.3 Drawings When the OLM System is delivered together with the circuit breaker.1. 2. The temperature sensor for the internal temperature needs to be fitted during installation of the OLM System.1. a USB to RS converter should be used. twisted pair cable suitable for RS-485 is recommended.1.The OLM software with user manuals.3 Field bus converter Connection of the server computer to the OLM bus (RS 485 bus) requires a converter.5 Temperature sensors Two PT 100 (including cable) for measurement of ambient temperature internal temperature of the operating mechanism. 2. 1.Configuration file for the individual OLM2 units. The OLM2 System is delivered with a CDROM containing the following software: .4 Travel transducer Incremental transducer for measurement of contact travel including hardware for fixing and cable. current transformers. 2.4 Connection between OLM and server computer A shielded. . 1.Parameter file for OLM Explorer. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . Cable glands for cable entry in the operating mechanism are included.1 OLM cubicle The cubicle containing the OLM2 unit as well as the wiring of all hardware included in the cubicle. Items not included in the delivery 2. R-3 Edition 4. Scope of supply The following components are included in the delivery of the OLM System.1 Current transformers for line current measurement Line current measurement is an option and the current transformers necessary are not included in the standard delivery. . .1 RS converter Connection of a PC to the OLM bus requires a RS-422/486 to RS-232 converter.Monitoring Technical Information On-Line Monitoring System OLM2 1. located in the OLM cubicle. The travel transducer is fitted to the circuit breaker during installation of the OLM System.2 USB to RS converter When connection of the OLM-bus to a PC is done through a USB port.3. The density sensors are fitted during installation of the OLM System. There are two ways to connect the converter.1.2 Software 1. 1. the circuit diagram and wiring table are adapted to the receive the wiring from the OLM cubicle. 1.3 Shunt for motor current 1 shunt for measurement of motor current is located in the OLM cubicle.The installation manual. The temperature sensor for the ambient temperature is fitted to the underside of the OLM cubicle and connected to the OLM2 unit.2 Current transformers for trip and close coil currents 2 pcs. 2. 2.

Technical Information Monitoring Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. 2008-05 R-4 .

5 and 5 m/s2.25 and 0. For technical purposes earthquake stresses are normally defined by the maximum value of the horizontal acceleration.g. while IEEE 693 specifies 2. 3.3 g in accordance with IEC 62271300 and below 0. The stress conditions are normally most severe in the horizontal direction. In order to withstand higher earthquake stresses the circuit breakers may be provided with reinforced support structures and/or reinforced insulators. corresponding to 0. the motion of the ground will induce oscillations in the circuit breaker with corresponding mechanical stress. and in order to handle the highest stresses. IEC 62271-300 specifies three values of maximum horizontal acceleration.5 g. The degree of amplification depends on the eigenfrequency and damping of the circuit tude of the motion of the ground will vary in a statistical manner. e. and where circuit breakers should be designed to withstand the corresponding stresses. In addition the IEEE response spectra are more severe than those of IEC. and 5 m/s2. The mechanical stress will normally be most severe at the lower end of the support column. 2. corresponding to 0. breaker. specified by IEC 62271-300 or IEEE 693.and LTB-circuit breakers can withstand seismic accelerations below 0.3. rock. The type of soil (sand.25 g in accordance with IEEE 693 (see page J-2 and K-2). The major reason is that IEEE applies a safety factor 2 for the mechanical strength of the insulators.2. while IEC uses a factor 1. When an earthquake occurs the acceleration and amplia few Hz. The circuit breaker will have one or more natural oscillation frequencies. For the same maximum ground acceleration. the actual stress on the breaker will be amplified due to mechanical resonance. 2008-05 . the requirements of IEEE 693 are more stringent than those of IEC 62271-300. etc) has a strong influence on the actual local severity of an earthquake and the damage it may inflict. eigenfrequencies. Seismic capability of LTB and HPL circuit breakers Resulting stress on circuit breakers When a HV circuit breaker is subjected to an earthquake. Sometimes also other response spectra are used.5 g. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. from Endesa or Edelca. where the predominant one is typically S-1 All standard versions of HPL. and is given by the response spectra.Seismic Withstand Capability Technical Information Seismic Withstand Capability Seismic stress There are many zones in the world where earthquakes may occur. In addition. and 0. Since the frequency of typical earth quake oscillations is also of the order of a few Hz. clay. earthquake dampers may be applied on large circuit breakers. 0.

illustrates the principle of a damping unit. Fig.g. Between the piston rod and the cylinder there is a piston system working. 2008-05 S-2 . by a snapback test. This provides damping for the complete circuit breaker. 550 kV circuit breaker subjected to earthquake test on a shaker table. Fig. Fig. where a mechanical stress is applied to the breaker. Support column of HV circuit breaker with earthquake damping unit. 2.Technical Information Seismic Withstand Capability Earthquake dampers An earthquake damper will increase the damping of the natural oscillations of the circuit breaker. where a complete circuit breaker. See Fig. This can be done e. is subjected to simulated earthquake stress on a shaker table. and the maximum mechanical stress on the circuit breaker significantly reduced. Based on eigenfrequencies and damping. 1. and suddenly released. or pole. The circuit breaker is equipped with composite insulators. Verification of seismic capability The seismic capability of a circuit breaker may be verified by a direct test. Since the circuit breaker is hanging in the dampers. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. 1. An alternative method is to determine the eigenfrequencies and damping of the circuit breaker. The highest mechanical stress occurs in the lower end of the vertical support column. the forces of inertia during an earthquake can easily initialize the motion of the dampers without having to overcome the forces of gravity. the resulting mechanical stress in critical parts of the breaker may be determined by means of calculations. which is absorbing friction energy during motion. The support frame (1) is mounted on the bottom plate (3) on which four damping cylinders (2) are assembled. 2. The piston rods (4) are fixed to the foundation bolts. In this way the amplification of earthquake stresses due to resonance is significantly decreased.

Description A summary description of the ABB production and routine tests process is provided in the brochure 1HSM 9543 09-01. the routine tests are performed according to IEC or ANSI/IEEE standards. STL provides a forum for international collaboration between testing organizations. After verification by the ABB certified test supervisor. and is certified by Bureau Veritas Certification for ISO 9001 and ISO 14001. It is also possible to carry out special tests specified by our customers. The High Power Laboratory as well as STRI has status of independent laboratory and both are members of SATS (Scandinavian Association for Testing of Electric Power Equipment). With these testing resources ABB is in the forefront in developing new and safe products for the 21st century. testing. irrespective whether or not the tests are witnessed by the client’s representative. design. In the STRI AB laboratory. 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide . In general. It is also accredited by SWEDAC (Swedish Board for Technical Accreditation). Summary of routine tests IEC ANSI ABB IEEE Nameplate and design check Resistance measurement (Components in auxiliary and control circuits) Function check of auxiliary and control circuits Mechanical operating test Resistance measurement (Main circuit) Dielectric test (Auxiliary and control circuit) Overpressure test Dielectric test (Main circuit) Tightness test X X X X X X X X X X N/A X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Routine tests The routine tests are part of the process of producing the circuit breakers and are always performed with the same test procedures. The main routine tests steps with respect to IEC. sales and after sales service as well as for environmental standards. Circuit breakers type LTB D and three-pole operated circuit breakers type HPL and LTB E are always routine tested as complete threephase units. temperature rise tests and mechanical tests. The entire routine tests for each circuit breaker is documented in a detailed routine test report. T-1 Edition 4.Quality Control and Testing Technical Information Quality Control and Testing Quality ABB High Voltage Products in Ludvika has an advanced quality management system for development. In both laboratories tests in accordance with the requirements stipulated in the international standards ANSI and IEC can be performed. design and planning. ANSI and ABB standards are summarized in the table below. For single-pole operated circuit breakers type HPL B and LTB E. Testing resources ABB has the facilities for carrying out development tests. Type tests The High Power Laboratory is owned by ABB and has facilities for high power tests. this report is provided to the customer as part of the order documentation. the routine tests are always individually performed for each pole. generated by the computerized testing system. type tests and routine tests on the circuit breakers. which in turn is a member of STL (Short Circuit Testing Liaison). mainly high voltage tests. The circuit breaker pole or poles are tested together with the corresponding operating mechanism. A detailed description of the routine tests is given in the document 1HSB 4154 09-646. The laboratories for testing are located in Ludvika close to the factories and the offices for development. environmental and special long time duration tests are carried out. manufacturing.

2008-05 T-2 . • Order clarification.: +46 70 3505350). By calling this number customers will get in touch with one of our representatives for immediate consultancy and action planning.Technical Information Quality Control and Testing Processes and Support The circuit breaker organization is process-oriented with focus on deliveries to customers. Inspection and Test Plan (ITP) and the On Time Delivery (OTD) monitoring.O. Certified traveling service engineers are available at the plant in Ludvika. Also.) special attention is focused on: • Assuring the handover of the P. local service centers are established in several parts of the world. assuring the particular tasks of order. Inspections and test plans together with inspection records and control cards have been prepared for all circuit breakers in order to assure that all activities and the assembly are performed according to the specification. The tools to monitor the orders are continuously improved in order to give our customers the best possible service. Research & Development The R&D process is utilizing a project management model with well-defined gates in order to assure that all customer requirements and technical issues are addressed. purchasing and production departments. Service & Spares The circuit breaker unit takes care of the customer’s requirements with respect to service and spare parts. In case of emergencies a 24-hour telephone support is available (ph. Special attention is addressed to audits at the suppliers plant.O. order design. Supply management & Purchasing The circuit breaker unit has well defined processes for selection and approval of suppliers. Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4. the manufacturing. Production & Assembly Sales & Order handling In order to assure that the deliveries fullfill the requirements in the Purchase Order (P. • Possible order modifications. The suppliers are evaluated at regular intervals with respect to quality and ODT. from the Sales to the Order department. The process is continuously optimized with respect to time and quality. in order to be able to assist our customers as fast as possible. All employees are trained and certified with respect to their responsibilities.

2/50 µs) SIWL (Switching impulse 25/2500 µs. PROJECT DATA End customer Name of project Standard / Customer specification Number of circuit breakers Delivery time APPLICATION Line Transformer Reactor banks Capacitor banks Other service duty Number of operations per year SYSTEM PARAMETERS Rated voltage Rated frequency Rated normal current Maximum breaking current LIWL (Lightning impulse 1. for Um ≥300 kV) Power frequency withstand voltage Grounded / Ungrounded neutral AMBIENT CONDITIONS Ambient temperature (max . 2008-05 Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide .a.min) Altitude (m.) Earthquake withstand requirements BASIC MECHANICAL PARAMETERS Three-pole / Single-pole operation Preinsertion resistors (PIR) for line circuit breakers Type of high voltage terminal (IEC/NEMA/DIN) Insulator material (porcelain or composite) Insulator color (Porcelain: brown or gray) (Composite: only gray) Minimum creepage distance mm or mm/kV Phase distance (center-to-center) Support structure (height) U-1 Edition 4.s.l.Inquiry Data Technical Information Inquiry Data for Live Tank Circuit Breakers As a minimum the following information is required and can preferably be copied and sent along with your inquiry.

) Number of free auxiliary contacts Special requirements ACCESSORIES SF6 gas for pressurizing Gas filling equipment Controlled Switching (Switchsync™) Condition monitoring (OLM) Test equipment . Live Tank Circuit Breakers — Buyer´s Guide Edition 4.Technical Information Inquiry Data As a minimum the following information is required and can preferably be copied and sent along with your inquiry.SA10 . OPTIONAL MECHANICAL PARAMETERS Bursting discs Bracket for CT Primary connections CB – CT Manual trip DATA FOR OPERATING MECHANISM Control voltage (Coils and relays) Motor voltage AC-voltage (heaters. etc.Programma Tools Spare parts NOTE! For information regarding the parameters asked for see chapter B-1 “Explanation”. 2008-05 U-2 .

abb. Buyer´s Guide. All rights reserved.NOTE: ABB AB is working continuously to improve the products.abb. dimensions and data without prior notice. 2008-05 .breaker@se. ABB AB High Voltage Products SE-771 80 LUDVIKA. Edition 4.com Internet: http://www. Live Tank Circuit Breaker. Catalogue publication 1HSM 9543 22-00en. We therefore reserve the right to change designs.com © Copyright 2008 ABB. Sweden Phone +46 240 78 20 00 Fax +46 240 78 36 50 E-mail: circuit.