Artist: Giorgio de Chirico Artist's Lifespan: 1888-1978 Title: Melancholy and Mystery of a Street Date: 1914 Location

of Origin: Italy Medium: Oil on canvas Original Size: 2 ft 10 1/2 in x 2 ft 4 1/4 in Style: Surrealism

The Movement/Time Period Surrealism and Fantasy Art The Surrealist movement explored ways to express in art the world of dreams, the inner world of the psyche, and the realm of fantasy and the unconscious. The Surrealists employed many of the Dadaists' improvisational techniques, which they believed were important for engaging the elements of fantasy and activating the unconscious forces that lie deep within every human being. Some Surrealist artists, such as Joan Miró, pursued an interest in biomorphic Surrealism, while Naturalistic Surrealists, such as Salvador Dalí and René Magritte, in contrast, presented recognizable scenes that have undergone a metamorphosis into a dream or nightmare image. Metaphysical painting: Giorgio De Chirico's Melancholy and Mystery of a Street is an example of Metaphysical Painting in which the images transcend their physical appearances and evoke a disquieting sense of foreboding. The artist: Giorgio de Chirico

Born July 10, 1888 (1888-07-10) Volos, Greece Died November 20, 1978 (1978-11-21) (aged 90) Rome, Italy Nationality Italian Training Academy of Fine Arts in Munich Movement scuola metafisica, Surrealism

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