Mathematical Illusions

A Lesson in the “Math + Fun!” Series

Apr. 2007

Mathematical Illusions

Slide 1

This presentation is part of the “Math + Fun!” series devised by Behrooz Parhami, Professor of Computer Engineering at University of California, Santa Barbara. It was first prepared for special lessons in mathematics at Goleta Family School during four school years (2003-07). “Math + Fun!” material can be used freely in teaching and other educational settings. Unauthorized uses are strictly prohibited. © Behrooz Parhami Edition First Released Apr. 2007 Revised Revised

Apr. 2007

Mathematical Illusions

Slide 2

2007 Are some of the squares bigger? Slide 3 Mathematical Illusions .Things May Not Be What They Seem Do you see circles or spirals? Apr.

Cut out the small triangle that sticks out at the lower left and use it to fill the opening at the upper right. Slide the lower piece down and to the left. 2007 Explain how the area of the figure increased from 99 to 100. as shown. Which of the two vertical lines is longer? 2. Mathematical Illusions Slide 4 . Which of the two white squares is larger? 3.Activity 1: Appearances May Be Deceiving 1. Draw a 9” × 11” rectangle and cut it along the dashed line. Apr. You get a 10” × 10” square.

2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 5 .Activity 2: Does 64 Equal 65? Cut out an 8” × 8” square as shown and rearrange the pieces to form a 5” × 13” rectangle. thus proving 64 = 65. What is wrong with this? Apr.

What’s hiding in the trees? Apr.Hiding Pictures Within Pictures Find the man’s face. 2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 6 .

2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 7 .Morphing and Mutation   Apr.

Morphing Images on a Computer See “Tiger Face Morph” and other video clips at: http://creativesam. 2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 8 .com/Animations.html Apr.tfcentral.

2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 9 .Illusion of Motion Apr.

Ambiguous Images A Do you see a vase or two faces? Stairs: top side or bottom side? B Is Point A closer to us than B or further back? Man playing saxophone or girl’s face? Apr. 2007 Rabbit or bird? Mathematical Illusions Young woman or old woman? Slide 10 .

Apr. 2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 11 .What Do You See in These Pretty Patterns? Fix your stare at a specific point and describe what you experience. this time slowly moving your head back and forth. Repeat the process.

2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 12 .Impossible Designs Apr.

2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 13 .Impossible Objects Swedish stamp How many legs does this elephant have? Apr.

2007 Which line on the left is a continuation of the one on the right? Slide 14 Mathematical Illusions . but they are perfectly straight Apr.Illusion of Distortion Horizontal lines appear slanted in the middle portion of the diagram Vertical lines appear crooked.

2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 15 .3D Illusions Apr.

Notice how the shape is deformed as it spins. 2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 16 .Illusion of Distortion or Deformation The figure on the right spins when you view this page in a slide show. Apr.

Apr. 2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 17 .Activity 3: Experiencing Distortion In each of the following diagrams. use a ruler and pencil to connect the black dots on either side using two horizontal lines. Explain what you see.

What happened to one of the boxes? Apr. .Activity 4: Where Does the Sixth Box Go? Cut along the dashed line . as shown below. 2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 18 . . and shift the bottom half to left.

2. Recount the number of people and explain what happened. 2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 19 1 2 3   1 2   . The upper half of the picture is redrawn below. Count the people in the picture to the right and write the number down. Cut out the rectangular pieces 1 and 2 by cutting along the dashed lines.Activity 5: Making People Appear and Disappear 1. covering the original pieces (piece 1 on the right and piece 2 on the left). 3. 3 Apr. Now. put the two cut-out pieces in reverse order on the picture above. 4.

Next Lesson Late May or early June 2007 Apr. 2007 Mathematical Illusions Slide 20 .